plep Archive

10th August
Kingsbarns, Fife, Scotland. 'A conservation village situated between St Andrews and the East Neuk of Fife.' A very good local community site.

A Walk to Balliol in the Snow. (Oxford) 'Snow is a rare event in Oxford, but on a cold morning in February 1994, I fell out of bed and glanced out of my bedroom window to find the garden covered in a glistening layer of white powder. My head was still hurting from the party the night before, but in true heroic spirit I grabbed my camera and went out shooting. It was 11:00am. By 1:00pm the snow had melted ... '

19th Century Scientific American. (1845)

Flybrain. 'An Online Atlas and Database of the Drosophila Nervous System.'

A History of Evolutionary Thought. 'The theory of evolution, formalized by Charles Darwin, is as much theory as is the theory of gravity, or the theory of relativity. Unlike theories of physics, biological theories (especially evolution) have been argued long and hard in socio-political arenas. The history of thought about evolution in general and paleontological contributions specifically are often useful to the workers of today. Science, like any iterative process, draws heavily from its history. '
'The list below includes scientists and thinkers who have contributed to our understanding of life on Earth, especially evolution. The list is given chronologically, and is divided into sections according to themes in the history of evolutionary thought. '

African Lives. 'This series of occasional articles chronicles the joys and struggles in the everyday lives of African peoples. ' (Washington Post).
Death in Ghana.
Dinka in Sudan.

Silent Voices Speak.
' Silent Voices Speak: Remembering the Holocaust makes a powerful artistic statement intended to put a human face on a devastating event in the history of our timesthe Holocaust. The mixed media works are based on black and white documentary photos taken between 1933 and 1945. The artist alters the scenes and adds dimension and color, creating works of great impact that give voice, in spirit and symbol, to those millions who perished in the Holocaust over fifty years ago.'
' The Visas for Life Project was founded in 1994 to identify, research, and honor diplomats who rescued Jews and other refugees during the Holocaust. To date, the project has identified more than one hundred diplomats from dozens of countries who collectively rescued 250,000 Jews from almost certain death. The exhibit has been in circulation for seven years and has traveled to over one hundred venues.'
'Through family photos and narratives, Visas for Life tells the stories of such unsung heroes as Dr. Feng Shan Ho of China, Chiune Sugihara of Japan, Dr. Aristides de Sousa Mendes of Portugal, Monsignor Angelo Rotta of The Vatican, Carl Lutz of Switzerland, Raoul Wallenberg of Sweden, and many others who risked their lives to issue Jews visas, citizenship papers, and other documents that saved them from deportation. Many of these diplomats also personally smuggled refugees across international borders, and even established safe houses and protected Jews in their embassies.'

The Art Work of the Tiwi Islands, Northern Territory, Australia. 'On the Tiwi Islands the art of body painting for ceremony has been practiced for thousands of years. The decorative patterning of the Tiwi was also used on Pukumani poles (mortuary poles) and tungas (bark baskets). The traditional form of mark making was derived from the creation story. '
'The continuous patterning used is primarily decorative with the emphasis on strength of design rather than narrative. The artform is a living evolving expression of Tiwi culture. Within Tiwi art the placement of line and dot is distinctive. '
'Today these decorative forms have been applied to many different medium. These include painting, carving, textiles, print making, pottery, pandanus weaving and jewellery making. '
Creation stories.

Pangaea. 'Street Children - Community Children Worldwide Resource Library'.
'The United Nations has been attributed as estimating the population of street children worldwide at 150 million, with the number rising daily. These young people are more appropriately known as community children, as they are the offspring of our communal world. Ranging in age from three to eighteen, about 40 percent of those are homeless--as a percentage of world population, unprecendented in the history of civilization. The other 60 percent work on the streets to support their families. They are unable to attend school and are considered to live in "especially difficult circumstances." '

Shiseido Women. 'In Japan, womens fashion, like makeup, continues to evolve, reflecting the moods and mores of the times. The following photographs of women provide tantalizing glimpses into some of the radical changes that have marked the past century. '
Via Face to Face: Shiseido and the Manufacture of Beauty 1900-2000. 'Makeup dates back to the beginnings of human time. From the first use of cosmetics for healing and protective purposes, makeup eventually evolved to more symbolic applicationssuch as religious ritual, adornment, and sign of sexual maturity. Now, at the threshold of the twenty-first century, makeup provides material evidence about how notions of beauty and identity have changed radically over the past hundred years. In Japan, as in the West, these changes are echoed in the production and use of cosmetics. Shiseido, Japans leading cosmetics company, provides a lens that brings into focus some of these amazing aesthetic and social changes.'

The Tibetan Photo Project.

Angkor Guide. 'Angkor Wat? Here's a translation of Maurice Glaize's popular and definitive 1944 guide to the Angkor Monuments for free. Read it online or download the text with a useful map. '

PostmarkArt by Ken Turmel. Postmark art of Route 66. 'Route 66 Artwork that actually traveled the length of Route 66'.

The Road Maven and the Road Maveness.

Long Island's Gold Coast. 'A guide to Long Island's Gold Coast mansions, past and present. Includes mansion ruins, and those used in movies.'
Ruins. (Warning - music!)

Portraits of the Presidents and First Ladies. 'The Library of Congress has extensive resources for the study of the United States presidents and first ladies. Frequent requests for presidential portraits inspired Prints and Photographs Division staff to compile this ready reference aid of formal and informal pictures in the division's custody. The selected images include at least one likeness of each of the forty-one presidents and most of the first ladies. This presentation inaugurates a series of online illustrated reference aids that will appear under the running title "By Popular Demand". '

In Search of Giant Squid. 'The giant squid lives in most of the world's oceans and is among the biggest animals in the sea . . . BUT . . . it is rarely seen. It hunts smaller sea creatures . . . BUT . . . larger animals feed on it. It has inspired fantastic tales . . . BUT . . . the facts are even more fascinating than the fiction. '

The Not Terribly Good Club of Great Britain. 'The Not Terribly Good Club of Great Britain was an unusual organisation. In order to join you simply had to be 'not terribly good' at something - and preferably downright awful. '
Britain's heroic failures. Not that the inventions failed, rather that Britain failed to cash in on them. '... Add to that list the inventions that Britain failed to cash in on, such as the jet engine, the pocket calculator and now the Psion organiser - and a pattern begins to emerge ... '
More British inventions. The World Wide Web, Viagra and cloning.

9th August
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University. 'Digital facsimiles of complete manuscripts, scanned directly from the originals.'

The Piccadilly Line. 'The Piccadilly Line is London's premier tube, passing from the airport through the hotel, shopping, and tourist areas of London. How did it begin? How did it reach its current size? Where did the name come from? For the answers, we go back to the turn of the century ... '

The World's Oldest Television Recordings. 'From the dawn of our television technology age comes the restored wonders of original recordings made in the era of mechanically-scanned television! Not until the computer era came on us could we study these images. Now they can be seen in as close to their original quality as the latest techniques can take us. '

Kite Aerial Photography. 'These web pages will be a journal of sorts, a place to gather and record notes regarding a developing interest in aerial photography from kites. Kite aerial photography appeals to that part of me, perhaps of all of us, that would slip our earthly bonds and see the world from new heights. An aerial view offers a fresh perspective of familiar landscapes and in doing so challenges our spatial sensibilities, our grasp of relationships ... '

Scale Model of Rome. Zoom around; lots to see.

Seeds of Peace. 'Seeds of Peace is a non-profit, non-political organization that helps teenagers from regions of conflict learn the skills of making peace. Set at our own camp in the woods of Maine, a safe and supportive environment is created where the youngsters can air their views and learn listening, communication and other conflict resolution techniques that allow them to develop empathy for one another. Seeds of Peace equips the next generation with the leadership capabilities required to end the cycles of violence.'

WorldAudit (of democracy and human rights). 'The primary objective of this website is to educate and inform. The world-wide focus is on democracy, human rights, press freedom, corruption and the rule of law. World Audit is aimed at anyone with an interest in these topics, from professional human rights journalists to first-time users of the world wide web.'

FSI-All Japan Robot-Sumo Tournament. 'Students and grownups can aquire basic and fundamental technological skills through the fun of creating robots, and by setting a technological goal,provides research motivations and stimulates creativety. '

The World of the Buddha Footprint. 'Footprints of the Buddha exist in Afghanistan, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, the Maldives, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and the Union of Myanmar. Each footprint reflects a particular time and place in a culture, with their construction materials varying considerably and ranging from alabaster to silver and gold. Dr. Sailer has devoted some twenty-five years to the study of these artifacts. '

Historic Churches of Linn County, Iowa. 'Welcome to the Historic Churches of Linn County, Iowa! This web site, part of an electronic publishing project at the University of Iowa's School of Library and Information Science, provides a brief examination of 14 of the oldest, continually-functioning churches in the Hawkeye State's second most-populous county. Timelines, leadership rosters, historic photographs, and stained-glass images of these houses of worship, which trace their roots to the mid- to late-1800s, can be accessed from the directory at left. We welcome comment on this site and encourage viewers to submit suggestions, updates, and corrections.'

Building the Chrysler Building. 'At the turn of the century, the automobile was still largely on the drawing boards. By 1910, there were 458,500 of them sputtering down the rutted American roadways. In 1920, there were 9,239,000 and in another decade that would triple. The auto had become an integral part of American life. Walter P. Chrysler was a mechanic smart enough to see the future of the automobile. He was a master machinist and in 1912, he became works manager at Buick Motor Corporation. Ten years later, Chrysler was the head of his own company. In 1927, the mechanic-turned-entrepreneur from Michigan was ready to build a giant headquarters in the heart of New York City. He commissioned William Van Alen as the architect for the job. From the start, Chrysler wanted a bold structure, declaring the glories of the modern age, but it was ultimately an architectural feud that drove the Chrysler building to be the tallest in the world ... '

Kudzu Covered Houses. 'Few houses are abandoned and allowed to be taken over by vegetation. However, in parts of the south those that are, are susceptible to being engulfed by kudzu. Some make interesting natural sculptures. Here are twelve buildings and old homesteads which are visible from highways in North Georgia and South Carolina.'

Belly Dancers and Harem Girls - A Historical/Cheesecake Gallery. Thousands of pictures, from statuary to Hollywood. Pretty amazing.

South Africa buries remains of indigenous woman who had been displayed as oddity in Europe. A terribly sad story, this.
'With a solemn burial ceremony in a small rural town Friday, South Africa sought to restore dignity to an indigenous woman who had been displayed like a circus freak in Europe two centuries ago. '
'Saartjie Baartman, also known as Sarah, died a penniless prostitute and had her skeleton and bottled organs stored in a museum in France before the South African government negotiated their return earlier this year ... '
A sculpture of Sarah Baartman, with a poem.

8th August
The Daily Summit, a weblog following the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Via Booknotes.

Loch Ness Investigation 2000. 'The Loch Ness Investigation web-site boldly takes its name from the expeditions which ran from 1962 to 1972, and were organised by the late David James.The parent organisation was the "Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau" or "LNPIB", which later shortened it's name to "Loch Ness Investigation Bureau" or "LNIB". I was a volunteer observer & camera operator from 1967, when I filmed a disturbance in Dores Bay. I became a staff member in 1971. I have lived in the area ever since, and maintain a close interest and involvement in research here. I believe that my project continues in the true spirit of the original LNI. '

The Edwin C. Bolles Collection: A Digital Archive on the History and Topography of London. 'Edwin C. Bolles, professor of English at Tufts College (now Tufts University) in the late 19th century, assembled a substantial focused collection of materials on Victorian London. These materials include not only conventional print sources but many pieces that are unique or quite rare: folio descriptions of the city from limited print runs, contemporary 19th century maps in various shapes and formats, illustrations and prints from the 17th through the 19th century, that capture a precious (and now largely forgotten) record of how the British represented this city. '
The London Atlas.

The Face of the Moon: Galileo to Apollo. 'An Exhibit of Rare Books and Maps from the Collection of the Linda Hall Library.'
'We have prepared an online version of an exhibition catalog that was originally published in 1989. The catalog was written by William B. Ashworth, Jr and it won the First Place Award in the annual competition sponsored by the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries. Copies of the printed catalog are still available.'

Comet Shoemaker-Levy Collision with Jupiter. (NASA) 'From July 16 through July 22, 1994, pieces of an object designated as Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 collided with Jupiter. This is the first collision of two solar system bodies ever to be observed, and the effects of the comet impacts on Jupiter's atmosphere have been simply spectacular and beyond expectations. Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 consisted of at least 21 discernable fragments with diameters estimated at up to 2 kilometers. ' Lots of images.

Rome Reborn. 'Our long-range goal is to create a virtual reality model depicting the city within its late-antique Aurelian Walls and to within one-half mile outside the walls. The city will be presented from Rome's beginnings in the Iron Age (9th-8th centuries B.C.) to its Christianization in late antiquity (4th-5th centuries A.D.). We recognize that this will take an international effort over many years. '

A Visual Compendium of Roman Emperors. 'The goal of this page is to present an illustrated list of Roman Emperors. While I was in Rome In July of 1995 the idea for this page hit me at some point in the Vatican museum. I had seen lists of emperors on the net and I figured these lists would be much more interesting if they had pictures as well. Thus, I tried to snap pics of as many emperors as I could find in various museums ... '

The Peace Abbey, Sherborne, Massachusetts.

Railway Children. 'The Railway Children was founded in 1995 by David Maidment, former Controller of Safety Policy with Railtrack, and became a registered charity in 1996. David was deeply moved by the problem of children living on railway premises overseas when working on a business assignment in Bombay. The image of a 7-year-old girl beating herself to elicit sympathy and money haunted him for years.'
'Many of the millions of street children in the world leave their homes and first come into contact with the harsh realities of street life on the main railway and bus stations of Asia, South America, Africa and increasingly Europe. During the first few days, runaway children are particularly at risk and are often exploited by adults and older children, especially drug and sex exploiters. Some children are as young as five-years-old.'
'Those children that join up with gangs of other street children quickly become streetwise, surviving through begging, rifling through the rubbish on trains and railway platforms to either eat or sell and petty crime. '

Exploring Japanese American Internment. 'President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the mass incarceration of over 110,000 Japanese Americans during World War II.'
'Two-thirds were American citizens. Over half were children or infants.'
'Their "crime": their Japanese ancestry.'
'Forty-six years later our government officially apologized for this "grave injustice" and payed reparations.'
'Could it happen again to another group of Americans?'

Mind & Life Institute. 'To establish a powerful working collaboration and research partnership between modern science and Buddhism-the world's two most powerful traditions for understanding the nature of reality and investigating the mind. '

Virtual Museum of China '89.

The Euphemisms for Marriage Mail Art Show. 'Since first becoming aware of mail art about 20 years ago, I've participated in many shows and put on a few of my own. I was drawn to the concept because it brought together several of my previous interests and talents while stimulating the development of new ones. I was a collage artist and rubber stamp user/eraser stamp carver already and I was used to having lots of penpals around the globe whom I might never meet in person. I was thrilled to find out that there might be a way to combine the two, as well as communicate primarily through the visual medium, while also supporting one of my most cherished political and social beliefs -- that art belongs to everyone, not an elite few, and that all art is valuable in and of itself.'

Route SOMA. 'There area few things I love more than being on a strange highway heading to a strange place. The past few years I've covered most of these road trips online as well, with the peak being last year's five-week trip around the country. '
'You will not find guides to fine hotels here, nor do I discuss cute bed and breakfast places and four-star restuarants. Route SOMA is also pretty much free of sanitized tourist strips (like Disneyland or midtown Manhattan). Enjoy... '

The Ghazal Page. 'This webzine presents original ghazals in English, with the purpose of publishing good poems and promoting the ghazal as a form in American (English) poetry. '
What is a ghazal?
Ghazals in English; the current issue. 'This issue has been much delayed, but I believe you will find the ghazals in it to be outstanding. '
Thanks, Maureen!

The Lost Rivers of London. 'Trapped underground, they remain doomed to wander the labyrinth tunnels and pipes, occasionally seeping through the surface of the streets that strain to keep them quiet. Yet despite being submerged underneath concrete, the lost rivers of London are very much alive.'

Spaniard's Inn, Hampstead. Interesting place; former home of Dick Turpin.

Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement. 'Thomas Jefferson's stirring words, written in 1776 in our Declaration of Independence, defined the promise of America--freedom and equality for all. The words rang hollow, however, for the millions of African Americans held in slavery prior to the Civil War, and later denied political, economic, educational, and social equality by unjust laws and social customs. This National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary tells the powerful story of how and where the centuries-long struggle of African Americans to achieve the bright promise of America culminated in the mid-20th century in a heroic campaign we call the modern civil rights movement. Many of the places where these seminal events occurred, the churches, schools, homes, and neighborhoods, are listed in the National Register of Historic Places and are included in this itinerary.'

Convict Creations. 'By studying Australian history, one begins to understand why many Australians are reluctant to place faith in 'official' judgments. For example, Arthur Phillip, the first Governor of Australia, is 'officially' recorded as a humanitarian and has been described by the current premier of New South Wales as the "greatest ever Australian". However these accolades are somewhat problematic considering he ordered his soldiers to decapitate Aborigines so their heads could be displayed on a pole, he pardoned a trooper who raped an 8 year old girl and he ordered human beings be given up to 500 lashes for crimes such as 'insolence'. Such behaviour is more commonly associated with Adolph Hitler or Pol Pot than with a great Australian. '
'Contrasted to Arthur Phillip we have the Convicts; humans flogged, tortured and executed for crimes such as joining a trade union, associating with Irish political movements, solicitation, receiving stolen property, promoting liberty, equality and fraternity, picking pockets and in the case of Aborigines, resisting an invasion by a foreign power. For such crimes, the Convicts have been labelled the 'scum of the Earth' and ignored in Government sanctioned celebrations of Australia. '
'It is by considering such problematic issues in Australian history that one gains an insight into why present day Australians do not revere their politicians, why they believe in equality of human rights, why they support the underdog, why they admire larrikins who break the rules and yet ironically, why they pride themselves on their honesty.'

Shattered 9/11/2001. (Time magazine) 'A remarkable collection of photographs by award-winning photojournalist James Nachtwey.'

Blogging community :-
Dave Winer on warblogging. A post I have a great deal of sympathy for.
Check out these blogs :- Groupthink Central; Tolle Blogge. Both blogs have some interesting insights into the state of the world.

The Saddam in Rumsfeld's closet. 'With the Iran-Iraq war escalating, President Ronald Reagan dispatched his Middle East envoy, a former secretary of defense, to Baghdad with a hand-written letter to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and a message that Washington was willing at any moment to resume diplomatic relations. ' 'That envoy was Donald Rumsfeld. '
Via Fat Buddha.
Related :- Rumsfeld, ABB, North Korea.

Interesting job vacancies :-
' MI5, the security service, is to publish a "warts and all" official history to mark its centenary in 2009, including details of "mistakes and controversies" as well as successes.'
[ ... ]
'Letters have been sent to a number of leading academics in the past week inviting them to apply for the post of official historian. MI5 is looking for an established academic who could continue in his or her post as well as writing the history.'
' A newspaper advertisement seeking a resident hermit for the stately Shugborough Home in Staffordshire has prompted a flood of replies from men eager to ditch stressed-out modern life for a spot of peaceful cave-dwelling. '
Shugborough Hall's homepage.

Links found on Metafilter :-
Don't Link to Us! A weblog about 'sites that attempt to impose substantial restrictions on other sites that link to them. The Linking Policy for Don't Link to Us! precludes us from requesting permission to link to a site, and compels us to link directly to the targeted page (i.e., a "deep link") rather than to a site's home page. '
Wymondham College Remembered. Slice of a particular kind of British life. (Thanks, Miguel!)
RIP Edsger Dijkstra.

Speed of light may be variable!

Despair in once- proud Argentina.

7th August
Solar Eclipse: Stories from the Path of Totality. From the Exploratorium.

About Daylight Saving Time.
Daylight Saving Time, worldwide.
Calendars through the Ages. Focuses on the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
British Calendar Act, 1751.

Wichamstow. The history of an imaginary Anglo-Saxon village with an interactive map; lovely site.

Celtic Shadows. Many nice photos, mostly of Scotland. 'Welcome to Celtic Shadows, a gallery of images of Scotland and other places. If you have any comments about the site please contact the author in the about section. '

The Peace Pilgrim. 'From 1953 to 1981 a silver haired woman calling herself only "Peace Pilgrim" walked more than 25,000 miles on a personal pilgrimage for peace. She vowed to "remain a wanderer until mankind has learned the way of peace, walking until given shelter and fasting until given food." In the course of her 28 year pilgrimage she touched the hearts, minds, and lives of thousands of individuals all across North America ... '
1951 Appalachian Trail hike.

Riley Collection of Roman Portrait Sculptures. 'In February 1997 The Cedar Rapids Museum of Art opened a new exhibit to the public, The Tom and Nan Riley Collection of Roman Portraiture. The Riley Collection, dating to the period when Rome was at its greatest prosperity--the first century B.C. to the third century A.D.--is especially good at introducing students and those interested in ancient Rome to the diversity of the Roman world. Ranging from patricians to plebeians, the collection includes not only emperors and senators, but also men, women, and children from all walks of life. Finally, the collection provides a unique opportunity for people to get to know Romans as individual human beings who were concerned about many of the same issues that we are: identity, status, leadership, and gender. '

Peace History Society. 'The Peace History Society was founded in 1964 to encourage, and coordinate national and international scholarly work to explore and articulate the conditions and causes of peace and war, and to communicate the findings of scholarly work to the public. '
'Members of PHS seek to broaden the understanding of and possibilities for world peace. The membership includes anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, sociologists, and other scholars and students of movements for peace and social justice, international and military affairs, transnational and cross-cultural analyses, and literary studies. Many members teach related course in colleges, universities, or secondary schools; others are students, peace activists, and the interested public. Drawn not only from North America but from around the world, members are concerned with making peace research relevant to the scholarly disciplines, policy makers, and to their own societies.'

Okinawa: The American Years 1945-1972. Electronic version of a forthcoming book about the 27-year American occupation of Okinawa; the site includes some interesting photos.

The Hmong People in the US. 'There are roughly 160,000 Hmong people in the U.S., largely concentrated in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and California. Several million Hmong people remain in China, Thailand, and Laos, speaking a variety of Hmong dialects. The Hmong language group is a monosyllabic, tonal language (7-12 tones, depending on the dialect), with features that may make it an important bridge (according to some people) between Thai, Burmese, Chinese, and other Austro-Asian languages. The written language is said by some to have been eradicated over centuries of persecution in China (though it is not certain that there ever was a unique written language for Hmong). According to some traditions, Hmong women once sought to preserve their banned Hmong writing by stitching stylized characters into their dresses. Some of the symbols may have been preserved, but their meaning was lost ... '
The Hmong Tiger.

Pick a President. Virtual election voting booth.
About the artist. 'As a sardonic retort to the notion of women as amateur artists, Mion and a few friends founded the "Sunday Painters" group in 1994 vowing to create one new work of art every week for a year. When Mion came into possession of a deck of Smithsonian presidential bridge cards, her course was set... fifty-two weeks in a year, fifty-two cards in a deck ... '

S.P. Dinsmoor's Garden of Eden. 'Venturing across the vast amber grain tinted expanse of Kansas, the intrepid traveler may tire of the giant groundhogs, Wyatt Earp Softee Parlors, and Stuckey Pecan excesses of Interstate 70 and opt instead for the stylistic throwbacks of State Highway 18, a thoroughfare of gothic grain elevators, boarded movie houses, crumbling five and dimes, and antiquated supper clubs. If this is the case, the intrepid traveler has made a wise decision indeed, for halfway between Paradise and Shady Bend, just down the road from Waldo and Plainville, he or she will come upon Lucas, Home of S.P. Dinsmoor's Garden of Eden, one of the premiere wonders of the American Great Plains ... '

Symbol of a Profession: One Hundred Years of Nurses' Caps. (Canadian Museum of Civilisation)
'Until the 1970s, trained nurses were instantly recognized by their caps. Each school and hospital had its own cap design and means of indicating the level of training. Today this symbol of knowledge and caring has all but disappeared. Gloria Kay, a retired nurse, believed that the caps should be preserved, and in 1974 began a collection of caps, which nurses all across Canada sent to her.'
'The caps shown here are a selection from the 167 Mrs. Kay recently donated to the Canadian Museum of Civilization. The Gloria Kay Nurses' Caps Collection is now the most comprehensive of its kind, dating from 1895 to 1983 and representing every province.'

Fallacies. A guide. Useful for reading political arguments critically.

An amusing exchange of letters.

Asteroid fly-by visible from Earth.
'Millions' suffered 11 September trauma.

6th August
A True History of Crouch End, North London, from the Middle Ages to the devastating earthquake of 1811. Includes some nice maps and illustrations. 'In 1995, 'A True History of Crouch End' by Roger Hayman and Brian Price was self-published by the authors. The initial print run of 200 copies sold out within weeks, and the book has not been reprinted. The original launch of the book created considerable interest and some controversary, as some of the contents were at variance with the generally accepted history of the area. There are as yet no plans to reprint the book, so in response to many requests we have made the text and illustrations available on this web-site. You can also download an illustrated facsimile in Acrobat pdf format, or print each chapter as you go.'

Augustus Earle Exhibition: Tristan da Cunha.
'Tristan da Cunha is an island group in the South Atlantic Ocean about midway between southern Africa and South America. It was discovered in 1506 by a Portuguese admiral and remained uninhabited until 1816 when a British garrison briefly took up residence. Although the troops left the following year, Corporal William Glass (later known as `Governor') chose to remain behind and together with his wife, Maria, established a primitive settlement. '
'Earle was stranded there in March 1824 when his ship, the Duke of Gloucester, inexplicably set sail without him. (Many of his South American watercolours presumably disappeared at that time as well.) It was fortunate that Earle had taken painting equipment ashore and was able to occupy himself recording his impressions of the island until his supplies ran out. He subsequently described the eight-month ordeal in a letter to a Hobart newspaper and published a lengthier account after his arrival back in England. '
Via the National Library of Australia's Augustus Earle exhibition. 'The London-born travel artist, Augustus Earle (1793-1838), left England in 1818 bound for the USA. This was the first stage of a remarkable, round-the-world journey that took him to South America, Tristan da Cunha, New South Wales, New Zealand, the Pacific, Asia, India, Mauritius and St Helena before returning home in late 1829 ... '

The Ancient Bristlecone Pine. 'Earth's oldest living inhabitant "Methuselah" at 4,767 years, has lived more than a millennium longer than any other tree. Discover how these trees were found and where they live. Learn of their unique strategies for survival. The focus will be on the White-Inyo mountain range of California.'

Fractals as Art. 'To me, fractals are an art form. The mathematics provides the form, but it is up to the individual creator (artist) to chose the boundaries, colors, and manner of presentation of each fractal ... '

Vintage Labels: The Lost Art of Travel. 'Dedicated to the Lost Art of the Luggage Label.'

The Timeline of Art History , 'provides an overview of world art history through chronologies, maps and themes, and currently highlights works of art through 1400 A.D. in the Museum's collection.' (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

The Estevanico Society. 'The Estevanico Society is dedicated to scholarly research into the life and journeys of Estevanico (also Esteban or Stephen the Black.) The society aims to explore his origins in Morocco, his enslavement by the Portugese and Spanish, and his historic journey through the American Southwest, ending with his death at the Zuni Pueblo of Hawikuh.'
History of Estevanico. 'Estevanico was born in the port city of Azemmour, Morocco, circa 1503. After a fierce struggle between the Portuguese and local leaders, the Portuguese captured Azemmour in 1513. During the great drought of 1520-21, the Portuguese sold many Moroccans, including Estevanico, into slavery in Europe. Estevanico became the personal servant of Andres de Dorantes of Bejar del Castanar of old Castile. There he was treated well, and master and servant became close friends. In 1527, Dorantes joined an expedition to conquer the unknown lands of Florida. Also on the expedition were Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and Alonso del Castillo Maldonado. The force landed in Florida on April 12, 1528. Three hundred men made their way on land, through jungles and Indian attacks, sustaining many casualties. The survivors, in desperation to get away, made crude barges and set sail into the open sea, hoping to reach what they believed was the nearby Mexican coast. Only eighty men survived the crossing; the boats capsized on the Texas coast near Galveston ... '

Pyongyang. Digital photography of a 1996 trip to North Korea.

Asuka Historical Museum. 'Asuka, some 1 300 and more years ago, was home to Japan's ruling dynasty and was thus, for more than a century,the capital of the country. It was at this time that our country adopted much of the relatively matured culture and administrative methodology of China and the Korean peninsula, and it was here that a unified national state was for the first time established in Japan ... '

Mainichi Waiwai is described thus by Fucked Gaijin :- '...Often perverted looks at the underbelly of Japan, from a respectable paper....'

Historic Route 66. Maps and detailed descriptions, Illinois to California.
Photo gallery.

CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates. Interesting.

Across the Tracks: A Route 66 Story. 'Welcome to Across the Tracks: A Route 66 Story, a three-part radio documentary about the influence of the "Mother Road" on America's literary and artistic culture. '

Jimmy Carter Library and Museum. 'Located in Atlanta, Georgia, the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum is part of the Presidential Library system administered by the National Archives and Records Administration, a Federal government agency. '

Some new pieces from Kevin Guilfoile :- an installment of the 'Utilitarian Ethicist', a useful advice column, and 'I Know Youre Lonely For Words That I Aint Spoken'.

The Hiroshima Archive 'is originally set up to join the on-line effort made by many people all over the world to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing, This is intended to serve as a research and educational guide to those who want to gain and expand their knowledge of the atomic bombing. '
'Inspired by the photographic work called "Hiroshima" by a Japanese artist, this site primarily focuses on Hiroshima, but not limited to it. We would like to see this site continue to expand. Relevant resources including electronic links are provided in the Hiroshima Directory in an indexed bibliographical format, and the poignant imagery of the postwar work "Hiroshima" by Hiromi Tsuchida is shown in the Gallery. '
Photography Gallery "Hiroshima" by Hiromi Tsuchida.
Toge Sankichi: Hibakusha (A-bomb survivor). 'Toge Sankichi was born in Japan in 1921. He started writting poems at the age of eighteen. He was twenty-four when the A-bomb was dropped. He died at age thirty-six, a victim of leukemia resulting from the A-bomb. His first hand experience of the bomb, his passion for peace and his realistic insight into the event made him the leading Hiroshima poet in Japan. '
Remembering Nagasaki.
Barefoot Gen 'is a vivid autobiographical story. Artist Keiji Nakazawa was only seven years old when the Atomic Bomb destroyed his beautiful home city of Hiroshima. The Artist's "Gen" manga (visual novel), tells the tale of one family's struggle to survive in the dreadful shadow of war. '
Swords and Ploughshares. 'Hiroshima Fifty Years Later: A Retrospective'.
Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bomb. 'In November 1954, five months before his death, Einstein summarized his feelings about his role in the creation of the atomic bomb: "I made one great mistake in my life... when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them." '
'Today is Hiroshima Day, the anniversary of the first use of a bomb so powerful that it would come to threaten the existence of the human race. Only two such devices have ever been used, but now, a decade after the end of the cold war, the world faces new dangers of nuclear attack - from India, Pakistan, Iraq, al-Qaida, and even the US. Launching a special investigation into nuclear weapons, Paul Tibbets, the man who piloted the Enola Gay on its mission to Japan, tells Studs Terkel why he has no regrets - and why he wouldn't hesitate to use it again.' (Guardian)
Tibbets :- 'Oh, I wouldn't hesitate if I had the choice. I'd wipe 'em out. You're gonna kill innocent people at the same time, but we've never fought a damn war anywhere in the world where they didn't kill innocent people. If the newspapers would just cut out the shit: "You've killed so many civilians." That's their tough luck for being there. '
Whether he realises it or not, this, of course, is frighteningly similar to the arguments used by apologists for terrorism (Sinn Fein, Hamas etc).

' A petition signed by the new Archbishop of Canterbury opposing an attack on Iraq was today being handed in to Downing Street.'
Steve Bell cartoon - Saddam's seduction technique.

Piece on Plasticbag on blogging and large online publishers.