plep Archive

10th November
The Astrolabe. 'The astrolabe is a very ancient astronomical computer for solving problems relating to time and the position of the Sun and stars in the sky. Several types of astrolabes have been made. By far the most popular type is the planispheric astrolabe, on which the celestial sphere is projected onto the plane of the equator ... '

Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago. 'The observatory was bankrolled in 1897 by Charles Tyson Yerkes, a Chicago transportation tycoon. The plan itself was masterminded by George Ellery Hale. The showpiece of the observatory was then, and still is, the 40-in refractor, in 1897 the world's largest telescope and even today the largest refracting telescope. Hale subsequently built still other "world's largest" (reflecting) telescopes in southern California. Hale also founded the American Astronomical Society in 1897, and co-founded (with James Keeler) the Astrophysical Journal, which was edited at Yerkes until 1965.'
Virtual museum. 'To celebrate our centennial in 1997, we created this online museum to tell the exciting story of the building of the world's largest refracting telescope and the people whose tireless energy created this beautiful Observatory.'

36 Years Ago. Photographs and essay on the construction of the Arecibo radio telescope.

Creating French Culture: Treasure from the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. 'Throughout French history the powerful have sought to harness culture to their own ends. They understood that the representation of power--what today we call "image"--is a form of power itself. They patronized artists, artisans, and intellectuals who produced works that proclaimed the legitimacy of their rule, reinforced their authority, and enhanced their prestige. At times, they stifled creative impulses incompatible with their ambition. The relationship between power--or politics--and culture in French history is thus an ambivalent one, defined as much by conflict and censorship as by cooperation and patronage ... '

Dresden: Treasures from the Saxon State Library. 'Founded in the thirteenth century, Dresden was the seat of the Saxon monarchs beginning in the fifteenth century and is currently the capital of the Free State of Saxony. Situated on the Elbe River in eastern Germany, Dresden played a pivotal role in the Renaissance and Reformation in Europe and has been called the "Florence of the North." ... '
'One of Dresden's outstanding cultural institutions is the Sächsische Landesbibliothek (Saxon State Library), founded in 1556 when Prince Elector Augustus (ruled 1553-1586) started systematically to acquire learned books and literary works ... '

Freud: Conflict & Culture. 'Few figures have had so decisive and fundamental an influence on the course of modern cultural history as Sigmund Freud. Yet few figures also have inspired such sustained controversy and intense debate. Freud's legacy continues to be hotly contested, as demonstrated by the controversy attracted by this exhibition even before its opening. Our notions of identity, memory, childhood, sexuality, and, most generally, of meaning have been shaped in relation to--and often in opposition to--Freud's work. The exhibition examines Freud's life and his key ideas and their effect upon the twentieth century. '

The Sensuous and the Sacred: Chola Bronzes from South India. 'Among the most spectacular works of Indian sculptural art are the temple bronzes cast a thousand years ago in the Tamil-speaking region of south India during the Chola dynasty. The Hindu god Shiva Nataraja (Lord of the Dance) embodies the Chola aesthetic. Gracefully poised upon the demon of ignorance, his supple limbs engaged in the dance of cosmic creation and destruction, Shiva is the luminous embodiment of transcendent power ... '

Sacred Sites: Silk Road Photographs by Kenro Izu.
The photographs. (Flash)

Masterful Illusions: Japanese Prints from the Anne van Biema Collection. 'Prints were among the first of the Japanese arts to become widely appreciated outside Japan. Colorful woodblock prints of actors, courtesans, warriors, landscapes, and natural and supernatural subjects that had previously circulated in the urban Japanese marketplaces of the Edo period (1615-1868) were discovered by European and American collectors beginning in the nineteenth century ... '
Selected prints.

Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story 1867-1923. 'Elizabeth Harris was born in Augusta, Georgia, in 1867, to parents who had been slaves. She married Jacob Walker Harris in 1883 at the age of 15 and was the mother of nine children. She lived until 1942, surviving her husband and two of her children. She was a deeply religious woman who spent much of her life in service to her church. She clearly valued education, both for herself and her children. She had several of her poems and vignettes published in various newspapers during her lifetime. She included these in the manuscript of her life story, which she started writing at the age of 55 in 1923 ... '

Vilet Lester Letter, 1857. 'Slave letters are very rare documents. This letter from Vilet Lester is one of less than a dozen such letters we have been able to identify among the vast amount of plantation records held at the Duke Special Collections Library. In this particular case, Vilet's letter stands alone with virtually no other documents - no slave lists, work records, or owner's letters - to give us further information about her. We know that the Pattersons (who once owned Vilet Lester) were related to the Allreds which would account for Vilet's letter to Patsey Patterson being in the Allred Papers. However, the Allred collection is very small and consequently does not shed any further light on Vilet Lester's life.'

Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson Slave Letters, 1837-1838. 'Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson were house slaves at Montcalm, the family home of David and Mary Campbell, located in Abingdon, Virginia. During the years David Campbell served as governor of Virginia (1837-1840), he and his family moved into the governor's mansion in Richmond, taking several of their slaves with them, but leaving Hannah and Lethe to care for the homestead. According to historian Norma Taylor Mitchell, young men wrote these letters for Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members. Even if not produced by their own hands, the letters provide a rare firsthand glimpse into the lives of slaves and their relationships with their owners ... '

Al Hirschfeld, Beyond Broadway. 'Al Hirschfeld and Broadway have been inseparable for seventy-five years, since he published his first theatrical caricature in 1926. Yet for Hirschfeld there has always been a world beyond Broadway exciting his passions and focusing his vision. His intellectual horizons have embraced a wide variety of influences. He studied art in New York and Paris, traveled extensively in Europe and Asia, and began his professional career at the precocious age of eighteen in the budding movie industry ...'

Arthur Szyk: Artist for Freedom. 'Arthur Szyk (1894 - 1951) was one America's leading political artists during World War II, when he produced hundreds of anti-Axis illustrations and cartoons in aid of the Allied war effort. Throughout his career he created art in the service of human rights and civil liberties -- in his native Poland, in Paris where he was trained during the 1920s, and in America, the country he adopted in 1940 ... '

Museum of Costume, Bath.

Royal Air Force Museum.

Walking Dartmoor's Folklore Page. The folklore of Dartmoor - pixies, witches, hairy hands.

The Feminist Chronicles. 1953-1993. Timeline, history; worth a browse. US focus.

Ketoh (Wrist Guard). (Navajo) 'Before this world existed, and far below it, the First World lay in darkness. Here lived six beings: First Man, First Woman, Salt Woman, Fire God, Coyote, and Begochiddy, the golden-haired child of the Sun. Begochiddy made four mountains in this first world - white to the east; blue to the south; yellow to the west; and black to the north. Then Begochiddy made insects and plants. But conflicts arose and the first beings, tired of the First World and its darkness, decided to leave ... '

Philosophy Football.

8th November
The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith. Comprehensively annotated by hyperlink. A poem about a passing way of life - both specific to rural England and more generally, about changes to a life or culture.
There's a related overview of eighteenth century London and rural England, describing some of the changes to the English countryside.

A Guide to Civil War Materials. 'The Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library houses a large collection of manuscripts and printed materials pertaining to the Civil War. Most of the individual manuscript collections contain less than a thousand items and both Union and Confederate sides are represented. Topics include specific battles and regiments, medical concerns, camp life, and civilian life during the war. Views regarding slavery leading up to the Civil War are also reflected in the library's holdings.'

Documenting the American South. 'Documenting the American South (DAS) is a collection of sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. It is organized into the projects listed above. The Academic Affairs Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sponsors DAS, and the texts come primarily from its Southern holdings. '
First person narratives.
Slave narratives.

Mathew Brady's Portraits. 19th century American photography.

Selected Civil War Photographs. 'The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men ... '

Emergence of Advertising in America: 1850-1920. 'The Emergence of Advertising in America: 1850 - 1920 (EAA) presents over 9,000 images, with database information, relating to the early history of advertising in the United States. The materials, drawn from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University, provide a significant and informative perspective on the early evolution of this most ubiquitous feature of modern American business and culture. '

Ad*Access. 'The Ad*Access Project, funded by the Duke Endowment "Library 2000" Fund, presents images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955. Ad*Access concentrates on five main subject areas: Radio, Television, Transportation, Beauty and Hygiene, and World War II, providing a coherent view of a number of major campaigns and companies through images preserved in one particular advertising collection available at Duke University. '

SoYouWanna: Lifestyle. Helpful tips on how to throw a Christmas or summer party, convert to Buddhism or Judaism, become a vegan, hold a seance, get a sex change, build a compost pile, have a well-behaved cat and more.

1913 Armoury Show. 'Lauded as one of the most influential events in the history of American art, the Armory Show has a mythic legacy that rivals the raucous opening of Igor Stravinsky's ballet, The Rite of Spring in Paris. In the wake of previous large independent art exhibitions in France, Germany, Italy, and England, from February 17th to March 15th, 1913, New York's 69th Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue between 25th and 26th streets was home to approximately 1250 paintings, sculptures, and decorative works by over 300 European and American artists. While the purchase of Cézanne's Hill of the Poor by the Metropolitan Museum of Art signaled an integration of modernism into official art channels, the shock and outrage proported from Duchamp's Nude Descending the Staircase and Matisse's Luxury connected the Armory Show, officially known as The International Exhibition of Modern Art, with an historic avant-garde whose duty was to question the boundaries of art as an institution.'

2000 AD Online. Britain's cult sci-fi comic, since 1977. Tharg be with you.

The Stolen Generations. "They would not let us kiss our father goodbye, I will never forget the sad look on his face. He was unwell and he worked very hard all his life as a timber-cutter. That was the last time I saw my father, he died within two years after."

Frontier: White Australia's Forgotten War. 'The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is proud to welcome you to 'Frontier Online', a ground-breaking internet program. '
' 'Frontier Online' will link the historical events portrayed in 'Frontier', the ABC-TV documentary series on Australia's 150 year land war, to the contemporary debate on national reconciliation. '
'The vision of 'Frontier Online' is to harness the connectiveness of the internet to provide a place where Australians can be a part of the national reconciliation process.'

Bringing Them Home. 'Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families'

The Institute for Parallel Studies. 'In these pages, the seeker of truth will find, at the risk of oxymoron, "revealing bafflements" '
'Each link (eventually) will open a new facet of the work of the Institute. '
'It is here that the reader will soon find the secrets of the parallel sciences revealed ... '
Gallery of mysterious imagery.

Mathematics Enrichment. A good idea.

Milestones of the Millennium: The Rite of Spring. 'Almost no musical work has had such a powerful influence or evoked as much controversy as Igor Stravinsky's ballet score 'The Rite of Spring'. The work's premiere on May 29, 1913, at the Théatre des Champs-Elysées in Paris, was scandalous. In addition to the outrageous costumes, unusual choreography and bizarre story of pagan sacrifice, Stravinsky's musical innovations tested the patience of the audience to the fullest.'


Touching Stone. Japanese aesthetics in the American southwest.

Manga Art Archive. Lots of stuff.

Forest Sangha. Thai monasteries worldwide.

Kalavinka Dharma World. Virtual pilgrimage and image gallery.

Buddhist Reading Room.

Waterloo Station. 'Presenting to you: The CTEB's very own World of Waterloo: A glossary of treats and architecture for the station and its surrounding area.' (Tongue-in-cheek; we like that sort of thing).s Via newthings.

All Hallow's Eve. Enjoy!

7th November
The Feeling of Power, by Isaac Asimov.
' The congressman took out his pocket computer, nudged the milled edges twice, looked at its face as it lay there in the palm of his hand, and put it back. He said, "Is this the gift you brought us here to demonstrate. An illusionist?"
' "More than that, sir. Aub has memorized a few operations and with them he computes on paper."
' "A paper computer?" said the general. He looked pained ... '

'The Birth' by Elizabeth Marshall Thomas. 'Day or night, whether or not the bush is dangerous with lions or with spirits of the dead, Bushman women give birth alone, crouching out in the veld somewhere. A woman will not tell anybody where she is going or ask anybody's help because it is the law of Bushmen never to do so, unless a girl is bearing her first child, in which case her mother may help her, or unless the birth is extremely difficult, in which case a woman may ask the help of her mother or another woman ... '

John Muafangejo Trust. A Namibian artist.
'The linocuts of John Ndevasia Muafangejo are world famous, and his work has received praise and recognition accorded to no other contemporary African artist. Although cut short by his death on 27th November 1987, his unique life gave rise to a very distinct, open and autobiographical style. He is now considered among the best exponents of linocut in the twentieth century, and his work gives cause for a re-evaluation of the importance of contemporary African art to a western audience.'
Works by John Muafangejo.

When They Were Young: A Photographic Retrospective of Childhood.

The Torture Reporting Handbook. 'How to document and respond to allegations of torture within the international system for the protection of human rights'

Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture. Good people.

Survivors International.

Darwin Centre of the Natural History Museum, London. A fabulous collection of some 60 million specimens.
'The Darwin Centre is a major new development at The Natural History Museum. It provides world-class storage facilities for precious collections, new laboratories for Museum scientists, and access behind the scenes for visitors.'
Exploring the Darwin Centre.

World Treasures of the Library of Congress: Beginnings. 'There is a grandeur in [a] view of life, with its several powers, [as] having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.' - Charles Darwin.
A really great exhibit on world cultures' accounts of the origins of the universe, the human race, and society. Manuscript images.
Creation of the world.

Birobidzhan. 'Thousands of miles east of European Russia,the Jewish Autonomous Region was founded in 1934 as a "homeland" for Soviet Jews. Given the objectives of the Soviet government at the time, this distant outpost seemed a perfect location.'
'Early attempts by the government to relocate the Jews to the Crimea and Ukraine had ended with a severe local backlash. To avoid local opposition the government chose an area where there weren't any locals. Unfortunately for the Jewish migrants, there was a good reason why virtually nobody lived in this region: the winters are extremely harsh, the roads were practically nonexistent, and the land was swampy ... '
The last Jews of Birobidzhan. Photo-essay.

100 Kannons. '... But before I started that trip, before I became a devotee of Kobo Daishi, I pursued three other ancient pilgrimages which, together, made up a One Hundred Temple Pilgrimage dedicated to Kannon, the Bodhisattva of Mercy. In the following few months, I will re-visit those temples in my memory, constructing one page for each of the one hundred temples.'

Feudal Japan. A survey.

From Court to Caravan. Chinese tomb sculptures.

The Silver Jug of the Lhasa Jokhang. 'At present, a silver jug stands in a wooden frame in one of the chapels of the Lhasa Jokhang, traditionally regarded as the oldest temple in Tibet ... It weighs some 35 kg when full of liquid, and monks fill it daily with offerings of chang, Tibetan barley beer ... The gilded designs on the upper bowl of the jug are raised scrolling in heart shaped medallions, while on the lower bowl, there are three scenes representing Central Asian people, two lively solo dancers and three men in drunken revelry ... '

Siddhartha - The Warrior Prince. Popular fiction about the life of Buddha.

American Treasures of the Library of Congress. 'Of the more than 121 million items in the Library of Congress, which are considered "treasures"? Of course Thomas Jefferson's handwritten draft of the Declaration of Independence is a treasure, not only because of its association with Jefferson but also because of what it reveals about how one of the founding documents of America was written and rewritten and finally agreed upon by dozens of men in the midst of a political crisis. '
'But what about Jelly Roll Morton's early compositions? Or Maya Lin's original drawing for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial? Or one of the earliest known baseball cards? Or the first motion picture deposited for copyright? The Library holds all these and more. '

Witness and Response: September 11 Acquisitions at the Library of Congress.

Rivers, Edens, Empires: Lewis & Clark and the Revealing of America. 'On April 7, 1805--the day the Lewis and Clark expedition left Fort Mandan for points west--Meriwether Lewis entered an intriguing, revealing note in his journal. Surveying the expedition's collection of canoes and pirogues, Lewis wrote: "This little fleet altho' not quite so rispectable as those of Columbus and Captain Cook were still viewed by us with as much pleasure as those deservedly famed adventurers ever beheld theirs." At that moment Lewis had a sense of history--the history of geographic exploration and his own place in the story. As Columbus had sailed the Atlantic and Cook chartered the Pacific, Lewis now imagined he would represent the exploration of the American West. Like so many other exploration stories, the Lewis and Clark journey was shaped by the search for navigable rivers, inspired by the quest for Edens, and driven by competition for empire ... '

Tawdry Town. 'The dark side of vintage paperback books.'
'Tawdry Town has been set up as a forum for the examination, consideration and exhibition of paperback books produced by both the major publishers and the semi-underground following World World II. Before entering Tawdry Town, please consider that many may find the books on exhibit therein and the attitudes of the authors offensive. This is because they are offensive, to most modern sensibilities, at any rate ... '

Queer Covers. A short history of lesbian pulps.
'From Lesbian Survival Literature: An exhibit from the Lesbian Herstory Educational Foundation, Inc. Lesbian Survival Literature in the Archives'

Fashion Exhibit. 'The possibilities for bad jokes about lesbians and fashion are sort of endless. Clothing and closets..., you get the picture. In all seriousness, though (or as serious as we would ever want to be), lesbian fashion is a way for us to understand our herstory, our community, and for many of us, it is a huge part of the way we define ourselves. Arlene Stein observed, writing about lesbian style in the late eighties and early nineties for OUT/Look: "To tell whether she is really one of us, your radar must be finely tuned." Fashion and style tell us who we are, who she is, and whether she would want to date us. Lesbians (perhaps queers in general) are obsessed with the question - how can we tell? Is she? Are they? ... '

The Scots Leid Associe.
'The Scots Leid Associe wis foondit in 1972 an ettles tae fordle Scots in leeteratur, drama, the media, eddication an in ilka day uiss. Akis Scots wis ance the state langage o Scotland, it's a vailid pairt o wir heirskip an the associe taks tent tae the fact that it shoud can tak its steid as a langage o Scotland, alang wi Gaelic an Inglis. '
'The Scots Language Society was founded in 1972 and exists to promote Scots in literature, drama, the media, education and in every day usage. Since Scots was once the state language of Scotland, it is a valid part of our heritage and the society recognises that it should be able to take its place as a language of Scotland, along with Gaelic and English. '
Lallans. The magazine for writing in Scots.

Bad Celtic Page. 'Celtic is a fascinating field, but unfortunately subject to wild speculation, flights of fantasy and downright bad research. It's too bad really, because the Celts are truly a unique people who don't need any additional "support" from UFOs, time travelers, or black magic to make them any more special. (Yes, I love them just the way they are.)'

The Old Round Barn on Route 66, Arcadia, Oklahoma.

Roadside Memorials. Via Pop Culture Junk Mail.

Dear Diary... Via Inside Her Mind.

Delivering the vote.


6th November
George Goble. He won an Ig Nobel prize in 1996 for 'lighting a grille with liquid oxygen'.

Tumbling Toast. 'There's a widespread suspicion among the public that toast sliding off a plate or table has a natural tendency to land butter side down, thus providing prima facie evidence for Murphy's Law: "If something can go wrong, it will". Most scientists, in contrast, dismiss such belief as ludicrous. Indeed, an investigation by the BBC-TV science programme Q.E.D. in 1993 claimed to have proved definitively that the whole notion was nothing but an urban myth. However, as I show in the paper, the experiments carried out by the programme were dynamically inappropriate (in that they consisted of people simply tossing buttered bread into the air - hardly common practice around the breakfast table). When the problem of toast sliding off a plate or table is examined more carefully ... it turns out that the public perception is quite correct. '

American Forests. 'You can be a part of one of the biggest, most effective environmental movements in the United States and around the world. Planting trees in our Global ReLeaf Projects helps the environment for generations to come.'

Trees for Tigers. 'Join us in our historic partnership with Russian scientists to bring the Siberian tiger back from the brink of extinction. '

Adalah: The Legal Centre of Arab Minority Rights in Israel. 'Adalah (Justice in Arabic) is the first non-profit, non-sectarian Palestinian-run legal center in Israel. Established in November 1996, Adalah serves the Palestinian community nationwide, over one million people or 20% of the population. '
'Adalah's legal work draws on Israeli law, comparative constitutional law, and international human rights standards. The main goal of Adalah's work is to achieve equal rights and minority rights protections for Palestinian citizens of Israel. Our eight fields of interest are cultural and language rights, education rights, religious rights, land and housing rights, political rights, prisoners' rights, Palestinian women's rights, and social and economic rights ... '

Nihon Sumo Kyokai Official Grand Sumo Home Page. Sumo news and info.

Tibetan Medicine and Astrology.
Bank note of independent Tibet. Via, the government of Tibet in exile.

The Jim Thompson House, Thailand.
'The Jim Thompson House is the home of James H.W. Thompson, a self-made American entrepreneur who was the founder of the world renowned Jim Thompson Thai Silk Company. Thompson's achievements during his 25 year stay in the Kingdom of Thailand have won him much fame as the "Legendary American of Thailand". '
'For his contribution to the development of the Thai Silk industry, Jim Thompson was awarded the Order of the White Elephant, a decoration bestowed upon foreigners for having rendered exceptional service to Thailand. Thompson's success story in Thailand has become one of the most popular postwar legends of Asia. '
'In 1967, Jim Thompson went on holiday with friends to the Cameron Highlands in Malaysia. There he set out for a walk in the surrounding jungle but never returned. Thus began the Jim Thompson legend ... '

Kyoko's Kitchen. Japanese cooking.

The Biography Project from
'Welcome to the Biography Project. This reference tool is an ongoing effort to catalog and document the contributions of authors, artists, scientists, film makers and other culturally influential individuals on underground culture in its various forms. This is direct response to the unfortunate *lack* of accurate and comprehensive information on the net regarding 'popsubculture'. It is a totally volunteer effort, in fact, it is done in my ever shrinking spare time ... '

Edward Beard Budding (1795-1846). He invented the lawnmower and the adjustable spanner; this is his life story.

Picturing America. 'Picturing America is an exhibition of The Newark Museum's renowned American art collection. Starting in colonial times and ending in the 21st century, Picturing America examines the powerful impact that artists have had on shaping American culture and identity. '
'The exhibition includes over 300 works of art from the Museum's extraordinary collection. Masterpieces of painting and sculpture are shown with great works of photography, drawing and decorative arts by and for Americans of many backgrounds. Picturing America proceeds chronologically and each gallery's theme reveals the many layers of meaning found in the art. '

A Half Century of British Number Ones. Pop chart hits from the 1950's onwards.
Related :- What was number 1 on the day you were born?

The Dalesfolk. Short essay about the people of the Yorkshire Dales.
'The Yorkshire Dales have a strong Norse flavour. A people who originated in Norway, and who sailed their longships to the northern isles, to the western seaboard of Scotland and to Ireland, arrived in the little valleys of the Pennines from the west a thousand and more years ago.. They gave their own name, dalr, to a valley. The name eventually became "dale" ... '

Digital Malham. An area of outstanding natural beauty.
'On these pages you will find information on the areas of outstanding natural beauty which surround the Yorkshire Dales village of Malham. '
'We encourage you to take some time out and discover some of the geological treasures that lie within. '

Gallery of Old Settle, Yorkshire. 'This site contains a set of images depicting Settle in the past. We have put them into these pages so they can be appreciated by people all over the world, as well as by local people who may be particularly interested to see how Settle used to look in by-gone days ... '

Old Skipton. Bygone images of a Yorkshire town.

Menwith Hill. The original Big Brother, its history, and its relationship with the Echelon network.
'Menwith Hill is the worlds largest monitoring communications station and is situated just outside Harrogate, North Yorkshire, on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales. Its official title is R.A.F Menwith Hill which is misleading since it is actually run by the US National Security Agency (NSA). '
'The official cover story is that it is an all-civilian base and is a Department of Defence communications station, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) describing it as a "communications relay centre". '
'Little is known about the true activities of the station, although the word 'spying' seems to be always associated with it. This could be due to its extensive 560 acre complex of masts, satellite dishes and radomes (affectionately called 'golf balls' by the locals) and a fibre-optic link supplied by British Telecom (BT) which has a call capacity of about 100,000 concurrent voice telephone channels (the phone bill must be horrific). '
'The station is subject to much controversy, recently due to the planned installation of 'Star Wars' equipment at the site. Two new radomes are to be built for the Space Based Infra Red System (SBIRS). The Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases (CAAB) claim that the installation of the equipment is unlawful under international arms control treaties. '

The Native Born. Contemporary Australian Aboriginal art. Wonderful.
'The Native Born is an exhibition of paintings and sculptures by distinguished Australian Aboriginal artists from Ramingining, Arnhem Land in northern Australia. Arranged according to six different natural environments found in this region:mangroves (larrtha'puy), forests (diltjipuy), waterholes (gulunbuy), jungles (retjapuy), beaches (rangipuy) and plains (ninydiyapuy), each painting and sculpture illuminates the specific cultural relationship between the Aboriginal people and the land. Two ephemeral commissioned works are featured: a large-scale wall painting and a sand sculpture.'

The Congo Cookbook. 'Welcome to The Congo Cookbook, a collection of over 150 recipes from Africa, plus information about African cooking, cuisine, culture, food, gastronomy, and history. Featuring African proverbs, excerpts from historic texts, and rare African recipes. Perfect for use at home, for school projects, for a club dinner, and for Kwanzaa celebrations. The FAQ describes and tells how to obtain our downloadable PDF file. Please enjoy!'

Namibian Rock Art. Exhibition from the National Museum of Namibia.
'Namibia has a long and rich history. The thousands of painted and engraved rocks across the country are a valuable part of this heritage. The earliest art found in Africa is 27,000 years old and comes from Namibia. This art represents the emergence of a new way of expression for the whole human race. You will see it all here.'

Guy Fawkes. The Guardian's guide.
Bonfire Night celebrations.