plep Archive

28th January
Fowler Museum Collections. 'The Fowler's unique collections comprise more than 750,000 objects. From exquisite works of sculpture, to masquerade regalia, to tools valued for their practical functions, the collections represent prehistoric, historic and contemporary cultures primary of Africa, Oceania, the Americas and Asia. The African collection is known as one of the largest and finest in the world ... '
Mask, Kaigani-Haida, Alaska - Mask, Bamilke, Cameroon - Belt mask, Benin City, Nigeria.

The Golden Rooms, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. 'It has taken over two centuries to assemble the unique collection of gold, silverware and gems fashioned into fascinating pieces of jewelry by Russian, European and Oriental artists and craftsmen. Known as the Treasure Gallery under Catherine the Great and augmented to yet greater splendor by her successors, the jewelry collection is finally back on display at the Hermitage Golden Rooms, re-opened after years of dramatic renovation. '
Gold of the Nomads.
The Greek Gold from the Black Sea North Littoral.
Jewellery Art of the East and South America.

Soldiers Playing Cards and Dice (The Cheats), Valentin de Boulogne, c. 1620/1622.
'The dupe: a young man is engrossed by his cards, oblivious to the activity around him. His soft, pink silk shirt, adorned with lace and ribbons, and fair, smooth skin give him away-he appears to be wealthy but also inexperienced. It is getting late. Dark circles begin to shroud his eyes, the shadow of a beard circles his mouth, and locks of hair fall over his forehead ... '

Pablo Picasso's The Tragedy. 'Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) often left visual clues on the surfaces of his paintings to suggest a hidden image underneath, as on The Tragedy of 1903. Artists frequently make changes to a painting or reuse a canvas or panel with an image already painted on it. Often the supports are reworked because an artist cannot afford to purchase new materials. An artist also may scrape off an earlier painting and start again or occasionally cover an abandoned image with a uniform coat of ground. Picasso did this very rarely. When he reworked his paintings, he most often did so directly over earlier images, neither using a "clean" side nor obliterating the abandoned attempt ... '

Victor Hugo. Engraving by Rodin.

Barnard College Psychology Department History of Psychology Collection. 'This collection is dedicated to the preservation of the history and apparatus from the early days of the Barnard College Psychology Department. Barnard College, a four-year women's college, was founded in 1889 and the first courses in psychology were offered in 1906 over the strenuous objections of many faculty and administrators who maintained that psychology was not a fitting topic for young women. We have digitized the documents and apparatus which have been stored in the departmental archives for nearly 100 years and placed them on the internet in a form that makes them accessible to historians and students ... '

Museum of the History of Psychological Instrumentation, Montclair State University. 'This museum is dedicated to the PRESERVATION of historical psychological lore, and instrumentation. It consists of an On-Line Cyber-Museum with downloadable illustrations showing collections of early psychological laboratory research apparatus. As the museum develops, frequent additions will be made to expand the depth and completeness of the coverage of the field of psychology. A bibliography from the University of Toronto internet museum is included which gives relevant publications and other internet links ... '

Classics in the History of Psychology. 'Classics in the History of Psychology is an effort to make the full texts of a large number of historically significant public domain documents from the scholarly literature of psychology and allied disciplines available on the World Wide Web. There are now over 25 books and about 200 articles and chapters on-line. The site also contains links to over 200 relevant works posted at other sites. '

The Zen Arts. 'In the training program of the Mountains and Rivers Order,
the Zen arts are taken up as a powerful and subtle way of realizing
the Buddha Way in one's own creative expression.
The implicit question, "What is the self that is expressed in self-expression?"
not only addresses the creative process but the ultimate nature of reality itself. '
Zen arts gallery.
The ten ox- herding pictures.

Human Rights and Universal Responsibility - His Holiness the Dalai Lama of Tibet, 1993. 'Our world is becoming smaller and ever more interdependent with the rapid growth in population and increasing contact between people and governments. In this light, it is important to reassess the rights and responsibilities of individuals, peoples and nations in relation to each other and to the planet as a whole. This World Conference of organizations and governments concerned about the rights and freedoms of people throughout the world reflects the appreciation of our interdependence. No matter what country or continent we come from we are all basically the same human beings. We have the common human needs and concerns ... '

Death Before Prayers. 'On Friday, January 30, Gandhi was assassinated on his way to the prayer ground. '
'At 4:30p.m., Abha (an honorific title meaning Great Leader) brought in the last meal he was ever to eat; it consisted of goat's milk, cooked vegetables, oranges, and a concoction of ginger, sour lemons, and strained butter with the juice of aloe. Sitting on the floor of his room in the rear of Birla House in New Delhi, Gandhi ate, and talked with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Deputy Prime Minister of the new government of independent India. Maniben, Patel's daughter and secretary, was also present. The conversation was important. There had been rumors of differences between Patel and Prime Minister Jawaharal Nehru. This problem like so many others, had been dropped in Mahatma's lap ... '
A brief history of the life of Mohandas K. Gandhi.

The Mountain Nymph, Sweet Liberty by Julia Margaret Cameron. Victorian British photography.

Exploring Themes in American Art.

American Impressionism and Realism. 'Over the past forty years, Margaret and Raymond Horowitz have assembled a superb collection of American art from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Attracted to lyrical paintings that were representational but not academic in style, they were among the first collectors to dedicate themselves to American impressionism.'
'This Web feature presents excerpts from the exhibition catalogue including comments from the collector Raymond Horowitz, illustrated essays on 12 works from the exhibition, and 8 artist biographies. The comprehensive catalogue about the exhibition is available in the Gallery Shop.'

Victorian Illustrators. 'There were two great periods of illustration in the Victorian period: in the 1860s following the inspired drawings by the Pre-Raphaelites, and in the 1890s, including the private press movement and Arts and Crafts work by William Morris and like-minded people.'
Aubrey Beardsley - William Morris - the Moxon Tennyson - Willmott's Poets of the 19th Century.

The Illustrations to Our Mutual Friend. 'Marcus Stone was the son of Frank Stone, an established artist and long-time friend of Dickens. When Frank Stone died in 1859, leaving the 19-year-old Marcus to make his own way in the world, Dickens took a paternal interest in him and commissioned him to do work for his novels. Marcus Stone illustrated the Library Edition of Great Expectations for Chapman and Hall in 1862, and then went on to replace Phiz as the illustrator for Dickens's next monthly-number serial, Our Mutual Friend ... '

The Political Art of Dan Beard. 'Daniel Carter Beard (1850-1941) had an unusually diverse career that brought him into national prominence as an illustrator, reformer, naturalist, and co-founder of the Boy Scouts of America. The son of painter James H. Beard, he and two of his brothers, Frank and James C. Beard, became prominent New York-based illustrators and cartoonists after establishing a shared studio in 1878. Dan's illustrations appeared in many of the popular periodicals of the time. Among reformers of the late 19th century and early 20th century, Beard was well-known as an early and active supporter of the Single Tax Movement inspired by Henry George's 1879 book Progress and Poverty. Most of the illustrations presented here reflect that interest ... '

Presidential Items from the Library of Congress.

Words and Deeds in American History. 'In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has selected for online display approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officers and diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists and writers, scientists and inventors, and other prominent Americans whose lives reflect our country's evolution. Most of the selected items fall within one of eight major themes or categories which reflect the division's strengths. Each of these themes is the focus of a separate essay containing links to digital reproductions of selected documents. A detailed description accompanies each document, and additional information about the parent collections may be obtained by following links to catalog records and finding aids.'

Hairy Eyeball at the World Social Forum.

16th Street Designs. Thanks, jp.

Alphabet Books.
Via Enigmatic Mermaid.

Elephant Art.
Singing Postcards.
Via Coudal.

just me & the boys & the dumbmonkey

An Early History of Indo-European Languages.
Via Enigmatic Mermaid.

Behind The Lines: Images from the War 1965-75.
Via Portage.

Tumour Diary.
'BBC News Online science and technology writer Ivan Noble was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumour last August. '
'Since then he has been sharing his experiences in a weekly column. '

Growing Up in Africa.

Rural America's Red Ribbons. 'Nearly 1 million Americans are living with the virus that causes AIDS. For those who make their homes in the nation's rural regions, fighting the disease is only half the battle.'
Via wood s lot.

China executes Tibetan activist.

'An Israeli intelligence officer who feared a planned air strike would kill innocent Palestinians foiled the attack by holding back information critical to the mission, the Maariv newspaper said on Monday.'

27th January
Zulu. Art and objects.
' During the 1800s and much of the 1900s, the glass factories of Murano, Venice, held the secret - and the monopoly-of seed bead manufacture. After the mid-1800s, these beads became increasingly available to southern African peoples through trade. At first, beads were the reserve of kings and chiefs. As aristocratic controls eased, supply increased, and cost fell, beadwork was embraced by all, resulting in extraordinary beadwork traditions in southern Africa ... The Zulu and other Nguni peoples never carved masks or ancestor figures; instead, they venerated their ancestors through ceremonial events and gatherings. Beadwork became a vital ingredient in ceremonial-and therefore religious-life. Unfortunately, this is largely ignored in current conceptions of African Art. That beadwork is exclusively a women¹s art might be a contributing factor. '
Ceramics & basketry - earplugs - headrests & spoons - headdresses - Mamphulo/Eshowe - Msinga - Ndedwe - Ngwane - Nongoma - staffs & clubs

Mark Twain's Childhood Sweetheart Recalls Their Romance. (Literary Digest, March 23, 1918)
'You know how it is yourself. When you were a boy of ten or twelve -- Cupid draws no exact imaginary line, as does the law when it separates youth from maturity -- you had a sweetheart. A new girl came to school, and because her shining pigtails were tied with red ribbons and because her dancing brown eyes rested on you with shy interest, you straightway fell head over heels in love with her. After school you said, "I'm going home your way," not knowing which way she was going, and you thrust into her chubby little hand the blue celluloid ring, twisted in three coils like a snake, which you had got at noon with a penny's worth of white paraffin gum. The other boys yelled to you, "Come on and play Ante-Over," but you said, "G'wan, I've got to hurry home and get in the wood." The other girls sharpened their fingers at you and screamed, "Johnny and Mary, Johnny and Mary," with childish maliciousness. Then the boys took it up, and ran on ahead of you, and wrote "Johnny and Mary" in brown and yellow chalk on the board sidewalks. But all the while you stuck close to the new girl, and she prattled to you of big sister and little brother and papa and mama and the wonders of the town they had come from. That is Childhood's Courtship.'

Rich and Poor in the Shirtwaist Strike. (Literary Digest, Jan. 10, 1910)
'When it began on November 22, 1909, the general strike of New York shirtwaist-makers was the largest strike by women workers to that date. It involved some 15,000-20,000 workers before it was called to a close on February 15, 1910. The Women's Trade Union League actively supported the strikers, walking the picket line, observing court proceedings against strikers, and paying their bail. Before the general strike was called, Mary Dreier, president of the Women's Trade Union League, was arrested while picketing the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. She was immediately released after it was learned that she was a society woman, not a worker, but her arrest helped to bring public attention to work conditions in the garment industry and the strikers' demands ... '
Via Bread and Roses: Poetry and History of the American Labour Movement.

Flights of Inspiration. History of human flight - the Wright brothers' first flight, the first transatlantic flight, etc.
Via the Franklin Institute.

Journey in Time. The history of telling the time, from Foucault's pendulum to the sundial.

Timekeepers. Interesting clocks.

The Tibet Museum 'was established with the aim of presenting Tibet's history and visions for its future through texts, photographs, videos and installations. The museum features our main exhibition, "A long look homeward". It is divided into two sections: the first floor presents the Chinese occupation of Tibet and its results, and the second one displays Tibet's past and hopes for its future. In addition, the museum hosts a memorial for the 1.2 million Tibetans who died as a result of the Chinese occupation of Tibet, a remembrance and hope butter-lamp display, and a testimony corner where Tibetans can provide names of relatives and friends who died as a result of the Chinese occupation. The small lecture hall is used for showing various historical films on Tibet, lectures and presentations relating to Tibetan history and culture. Catering to the diverse audience of visitors to Dharamsala, all the textual presentations in the museum are given in three languages: Tibetan, English and Hindi. '

Tibetan Liberation Theatre.

Shalu Association 'is dedicated to safeguarding the cultural heritage of Tibet through restoration and preservation of historic monuments. Many of these monuments are in need of immediate engineering and conservation to prevent further structural deterioration.'
'The following photographs document a selection of Shalu's conservation projects. '

Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), Salvador Dalí, 1936.

Nude Descending a Staircase (No. 2), Marcel Duchamp, 1912.

The City, Fernand Léger, 1919.

Alaska Gold: Life on the New Frontier. 'Alaska Gold: Life on the New Frontier tells the story of two fortune seekers, Wilfred and Edmund McDaniel of San Jose, who traveled to Nome in 1900 to try their luck in this arctic El Dorado. When the McDaniels arrived from San Francisco on the steamship Senator, they found mile after mile of beach covered with tents and thousands of prospectors mining Nome's beaches. After their 3,000 mile voyage, they did not have to travel far to begin mining -- they pitched a tent eight miles north of Nome and began rocking beach sand. This was their first season of prospecting in Alaska. From 1900 through 1903, they sailed back to California each October before the Bering Sea froze, and returned to Nome after the spring thaw; in 1904, they began wintering in Nome and mining year-round. Wilfred memorialized their journeys to and from Alaska and their experiences in the arctic by taking photographs with his view camera. The brothers also corresponded regularly with family and friends in California ... '

Direct from Nature: The Oil Sketches of Thomas Hill. 'One of California's finest 19th-century landscape painters, Thomas Hill (1829-1908) is little known outside of California today. In his own time, however, Hill was favorably compared with Albert Bierstadt in the East (on his return to the United States from Europe in 1867) and won a gold medal at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. '
Image gallery.

Women in Printing & Publishing in California, 1850-1940. Image gallery.

Steins - Railroad Ghost Town. 'Steins Railroad Ghost town was once a thriving railroad station town named after Captain Enoch Stein, U.S. Army officer (sometimes spelled Steen) who was the first Anglo witness to sign a treaty with the Mimbres Apaches including Delgadito and Victorio. At the town's peak, between 1905 to 1945 Steins supported 1300 residents ... '
Tombstone Territory ghost towns.
Kartchner Caverns State Park.
Ghost town visits, and more, via Retirement Travels.

Garnet Ghost Town, Montana. 'Montana's Best-Preserved Ghost Town.'

Virginia City, Montana. Another ghost town.

The Montana Ghost Town Preservation Society.

26th January
Harry Harlow, psychologist.
'Harlow was intrigued by love. He questioned the theories then current which stated that love began as a feeding bond with the mother and applied by extension to other family members. Other theories claimed that humans and other social animals lived in organized societies simply to regularize sexual contact. Starting in 1957, Harlow worked with rhesus monkeys, which are more mature at birth than humans, but like human babies show a range of emotions and need to be nursed ... '

The Smelly World of Mice and Men.

National Park Service: Historical Themes in America. "It began at Jamestown in 1607. It ended at Yorktown in 1781. One hundred and seventy-four years of hope, adventure, discovery, settlement, struggle, suffering, war, frustration, growth, development, that saw the country expand from a lonely settlement of 105 people in the small wilderness area on the banks of the James River into 13 colonies and 3 million people, of many races and beliefs, along the Atlantic seaboard, all governed and controlled by the mother country, England. It was an exciting chapter in British history, in American history, in world history, that closed in the little port town on the banks of the York River where it flows into Chesapeake Bay on its way to the ocean."

The Houses of Luis Barragan. 'Although trained as an engineer, Barragán discovered he had a closer affinity with architecture. He did not receive formal training and never officially became an architect (which did not prevent him from receiving the Pritzker Award, architecture's "Nobel Prize," in 1980). His architectural education came from engineering school (which was sufficient to enable him to build houses), from other architects, and from practical experience. He felt later that his lack of academic training in architecture was probably a blessing-freeing him from the rigid approach of many of his peers and allowing him to arrive at instinctive solutions to design problems ... '

Andy Goldsworthy. Artist/naturalist.