plep Archive

31st July
Postcards of Japanese Beauties.

The Art of Modern Rock.

June Marlowe. 'Her name was June Marlowe, and she was much more than the beloved "Miss Crabtree" of Hal Roach's Our Gang comedies. She was a fashion model, a featured star in silent films, a film and radio personality in Germany, dined with European royalty, author of two children's books, an expert horsewoman, and was once chosen "One of the twelve most beautiful women in America." ... '

Alexander Calder: Virtual Constellation witn Bomb. 'Alexander Calder invented mobiles , sculpture that moved, in the early 1930s. Later, he added large-scale stabiles , fixed sculpture. During World War II, Calder created the Constellations series. The pieces are motionless, like stabiles, yet airy, like mobiles. Many, for example Vertical Constellation with Bomb, rest on a flat surface, but some Constellations are mounted from the wall at an angle. Generally, they are composed of small abstract forms carved from wood that are carefully arranged in three dimensions. The materials are either painted or left unfinished ... '

Edward Steichen: Le Tournesol. 'Steichen is painting flowers near Paris and says if he keeps on some day he may do something worth looking at.... ' - Carl Sandburg.

Edouard Vuillard: Place Vintimelle. 'Voil: Place Vintimille, so green with spring and full of life! I love this view from my apartment window. Do you see the narrow brown buildings across the park and the double-decker cart in the street below? Look, there is a boy checking his bicycle tire, and nearby, a man sleeping against the fence. Of course, you can always find all sorts of vendors and nannies walking with their little ones. For me, the sidewalk winds around the park like a creamy ribbon, wrapping everything in a package of sparkling color.'

Visual Dharma: The Buddhist Art of Tibet. 'The art of Tibet is entirely based on the spirituality of Buddhism. The pure native Tibetan art of the Pon tradition was lost with the coming of Buddhism to Tibet from India in the ninth century. The main source of the Tibetan art that has flourished since then is the iconographical art of India with strong influences from China and Persia ... '

The Great Applique Tangka of Drepung Monastery. 'The unfurling of the great Shakyamuni tangka, which takes place every summer at Drepung Monastery, started at the time of the 7th Dalai Lama as a spectacle for lay people and for the monastic community. This tradition is one that continues today and remains a highly anticipated annual event for the Tibetan and Chinese population of Lhasa and surrounding areas ... '

Hello, Harold Lloyd. A great site about the silent movie/comedy star, with a gallery.

Psychedelic Rock Posters of Haight-Ashbury.

American Art in Context. 'In the late 19th century, Europe exerted a significant influence on American artists. This was due, in part, to the large numbers of Americans studying art in Europe, particularly in France and Germany. In addition, many Americans who traveled to Europe purchased works of art that eventually entered American public collections. '
'These four pairs, each juxtaposing a French and American painting, explore aspects of this influence. '

Japanese Woodblock Prints and the Floating World of Edo.

Bayat Gallery, in Winnipeg, devoted to Inuit art.

The Posters of Toulouse-Lautrec. 'One of the great popular arts of the modern age, the poster had its heyday in France in the 1890s and early 1900s. Thanks to technical innovations in lithographic printing, advertisements for biscuits, bicycles, cabaret shows, oil lamps, perfumes, and pomades, became big, colorful pictures, eclipsing the old letterpress notices and transforming the streets of Paris into a permanent outdoor art exhibition ... '

Zygmunt Mazur. 'The Albany Auction Gallery is proud to present the illuminating work of Expressionist artist Zygmunt Mazur (1922-2001). Mazur, a Polish expatriate living in Canada, began his formal art training in Beirut, Lebanon, shortly after W.W. II. Mazur, who would become a prolific artist in his own right--producing more than 3,000 pieces in media ranging from printmaking to wood sculpture to painting and tapestry--was situated at the center of the Lebanese art world during a time when artists enjoyed an atmosphere of artistic freedom, prosperity and intellectualism ( Mazur and his Polish, Arab and European contemporaries would have been exposed to international art movements such as Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Surrealism, among others. This is apparent in Mazur's early works whose style reference artists such as Matisse, Nolde, Heckel, Picasso, Guiragossian and Abboud ... '

Lunar Eclipse Gallery. 'The full moon glided through Earth's shadow on May 15/16, 2003. Sky watchers in the Americas, Europe, Africa and parts of Asia saw the moon redden and fade for nearly an hour. It was the first lunar eclipse of 2003.'

Patan Museum. 'The Patan Museum displays the traditional sacred art of Nepal in an illustrious architectural setting. Its home is an old residential court of Patan Darbar, one of the royal palaces of the former Malla kings of the Kathmandu Valley. Its gilded door and window face one of the most beautiful squares in the world.'

American Masterpieces at the San Diego Museum of Art.

Arctic Inuit Art: Prints & Drawings.

Inuit Art Foundation. For sale and viewing.

Perseid 2002 Meteor Shower Gallery.

Sunset Eclipse 2002 Gallery. 'The setting Sun became a strange-looking crescent in central parts of the United States on June 10, 2002, during a partial solar eclipse.'

Parisian Art Discovery. 'Lavish Cuisine, Lusty Manners & Sensual Art from the Golden Age - Recently Discovered Parisian Art Treasures - Stunning Illustrations, Fabulous Menus'

Moving Here. 'Moving Here is the ultimate database of digitised photographs, maps, objects, documents and audio items recording migration experiences of the past 200 years. ' Really good. Via MeFi.
Kalikut image of Kali.

Unfolding Landscapes: Maps of Cambridgeshire from Elizabeth I to Elizabeth II. Via the Map Room.

Sarah Jane Szikora. Via neurastenia.

Mexican Style Oilcloth Tablecloths. Via art for housewives.

Carlo Zinelli. Via gmtPlus9.

30th July
The Chagos Islands: A Sordid Tale. ' "A very sad and by no means creditable episode in British history." '
'That was how Sir Sydney Kentridge QC, barrister for the Chagos islanders or Ilois, described their forced removal from their "paradise" homeland in the 1960s and 1970s ... '

Ghosts, Demons and Spirits in Japanese Lore. 'The mystery of death is a phenomena that does not offer a rational explanation to various cultures. Death is an intruder. Death is the change from one state to another, the reunion of body with earth, of soul with spirit. Humans, throughout the ages, have seldom been able to believe or to understand the finality of death. For this reason fables and legends have evolved around the spirits of the dead ... '

The History of an Indian Musical Instrument Maker. 'At about the same time that the last Mogul Emperor Bahadur Shah II was to witness his final days on the throne, a Bengali named Damodar Adhikari was born into a family of brahmin priests in Calcutta. Although these two events have no significant connection, the end of the Mogul Empire and the stabilization of British rule and discipline, interfaced with a Bengali renaissance, brought about conditions favorable to a thriving and enthusiastic artistic environment ... '

Los Angeles Murals.

Chicano Murals in Tucson. 'The contemporary Chicano mural scene seems to have started in Tucson in the mid-1970s as a part of the spreading Chicano movement of the American West and Southwest. Early murals celebrated Chicano cultural identity and such important political victories as the establishment of City-sponsored neighborhood centers in predominately Mexican-American neighborhoods. (The term "Chicano," a slang pronunciation of "Mexicano," is taken here to refer to politically active Mexican Americans of the generations that are currently in their fifties and younger.) Many murals are created with community input, often with actual painting tasks being shared by neighborhood youth as well. Although this brief essay focuses on a few professional muralists, Tucson is full of young men and women who can - and do - paint murals ... '

Ukrainian Easter Eggs in Tucson. 'Tucson is home to approximately 700 people who have their cultural roots in the Ukraine, that vast wheat- and oil - producing region just north of the Black Sea in far Eastern Europe. Many of these Ukrainian-Americans have preserved elements of their traditional culture, which serve as proud reminders of the Old Country. Foremost among these are pysanky, or Ukrainian Easter eggs. Many of the designs used on pysanky are also found in other Ukrainian traditional art forms, such as woodworking, Easter eggs and paper cuttings ... '

Mexican-American Paperwork -- Cascarones, Flowers, Pinatas, and Banderolas. 'In "dictionary" Spanish, tissue paper is papel de seda or "silk paper." In local Spanish, however, it is papel de china - "Chinese paper," a reflection of the probable origin of this most Mexican of traditional art media. For the techniques and indeed the paper itself probably came to Mexico from the Far East in the famed treasure galleons of the 17th and 18th Centuries, along with precious metals and gems, ivory, spices, porcelain, and the other fabled riches of the Orient. In traditional Mexican-American culture, papel de china is used in a number of ways, many of them involved with celebrations. '

The Olmec World. 'In 1862 plantation workers in Huaypan, Veracruz, thought that they had found a large overturned iron kettle buried in the ground. Believing that it might hide a cache of gold, they dug -- and dug -- and dug, eventually revealing a colossal stone portrait head. This was the first Olmec sculpture to be discovered in Mexico. It would be nearly 70 years before a number of extraordinary objects of jade and stone were to be seen as stylistically related and of a culture which nobody had known. That culture was arbitrarily named "Olmec" for the peoples who, at the time of the Spanish conquest, had inhabited the region where the first head had been found ... '

Wildflower Photography. 'This is a small collection of wildflower photographs taken by Tom Kornack, the Kornack family and numerous friends.'

Tim Gutmann. Nature and wildlife photography.

John O'Neill's American Wildflowers. 'Intimate portraits, captured in the field under natural light.'

Eva Peron Photo Gallery.

Evita on Stamps. Images.

An Occupation and a Region: Cowboy and Western Folk Art.

Northern Tibet Exploration: Archaeological Discoveries of the Changthang Circuit Expedition 1999. Images.
'For over one decade, I have been actively involved in the exploration of the Byang-thang region of Tibet in conjunction with my research into pre-Buddhist culture and archaeology ... While Tibet is synonymous with Buddhist learning and culture, its civilization extends much further back into antiquity than the Buddhist period. My findings demonstrate that Tibet supported a sophisticated culture long before the dawn of the Buddhist era in the 7th century. This earlier civilization was closely connected to the early Bon religion, an amorphous indigenous belief system which seems to have been enriched by various traditions coming from adjoining countries. The Bon religion, now heavily assimilated to Buddhism, is still very much in practice in Tibet and adjacent countries ... '

Quilts Made in St. David and Randolph, Arizona.

Low Riders - A Contemporary Folk Art Form. 'Low rider cars have been a part of the American Southwestern cultural scene for several decades now. They are late model (or just postwar) automobiles that have been specially lowered, usually with hydraulic lifts at each wheel so that any corner of the car may be raised and lowered at will. They are then given customized paint jobs and frequently redecorated in their interiors to achieve a high degree of luxury. Metal flake paint, murals and etched windows, swivel seats, deep pile upholstery and tiny steering wheels made of chrome chain links are all common features of low riders ... '

Insulinde. Art from Indonesia.

Kukai. Founder of Shingon Japanese Esoteric Buddhism.
'There are few figures in Japanese history about whom such abundant biographies have been written as Kukai, popularly known by his posthumous title, Kobo Daishi. The Collected Biographies of Kobo Daishi; compiled in 1934 to mark the eleven hundredth anniversary of his death, or entry into eternal samadhi, contains all the biographical works written before 1868 and totals 93 works in 194 volumes. Adding those published since 1868 would probably double the number. In addition, there are the "unwritten biographies," the vast oral tradition and folklore that still exist in every part of Japan. Though it would be virtually impossible to gather them together, they would doubtless fill an enormous set of volumes rivaling the selected Biographies in size. In strictly historical terms, Kukai's activities were limited to western Japan, particularly the region of today's Osaka and Kyoto and the island of Shikoku. In the world of folklore, though, his traces are to be found in the eastern and northern regions as well, and legends concerning his travels, and his wells and springs, are to be found throughout Japan ... '

The Lord of the Rings on Stamps.

29th July
Losel Dolls. Collectors' dolls handcrafted by Tibetan monks.
'Though, in Tibet, the making of costumed dolls was not a traditional art, it has, in exile, become a means of preserving and developing a multitude of traditional crafts as well as saving from oblivion a rich heritage of regional, monastic, ritual and traditional costume ... '

Impressionism: Paintings Collected by European Museums.

Weights and Measures. 'The science of measurement is called metrology and this Collection Profile describes a few of the Museum's measuring devices. '
'Metrology is a sub-discipline of physics and is fundamental to all science since all measurable quantities may be traced to the seven fundamental quantities that are the base of metrology. '
'The means and devices to measure these fundamental quantities reflect the highest standards of science and technology and often show great ingenuity. This ingenuity is also shown in other measuring devices and you will also discover some of these in this Collection Profile ... '

Surveying and Geodesy Instruments. 'The surveying and geodetic instruments in the National Museum of American History reflect the importance of these activities in America since the first European colonists settled here some 400 years ago and turned the American landscape into property. With these instruments, and others of their ilk, Americans determined the limits of private and public lands, the paths of transport, and the boundaries of colonies, states, and nation ... '

The Early Renaissance in Florence. 'In fifteenth-century Florence, many people believed themselves to be living in a new age. The term "Renaissance," already coined by the sixteenth century, describes the "rebirth" from the dark ages of intellectual decline that followed the brilliance of ancient civilization. In Italy, especially, the Renaissance was spurred by a revival of Greek and Roman learning. Works by classical authors, lost to the West for centuries, were rediscovered, and with them a new, humanistic outlook that placed man and human achievement at the center of all things ... '

Patrons and Artists in Late 15th-Century Florence. 'In the late fifteenth century, Florence had more woodcarvers than butchers, suggesting that art, even more than meat, was a necessity of life. This was true not only for the wealthy, but also for those of more modest means. In 1472, the city boasted 54 workshops for marble and stone; it employed 44 master gold- and silversmiths, and at least thirty master painters. Florence's position in the wool and silk industries relied on its reputation for quality -- a tradition of craftsmanship that made discerning patrons of its merchants and financiers ... '

Venetian Painting in the Early Renaissance. 'In the mid-1400s, Venice was the most powerful city in Italy, made rich by nearly a thousand years of commerce, mostly in goods from the East. Its navy ruled the Mediterranean as if it were a Venetian lake. By the end of the fifteenth century, however, the city's fortunes had begun to change. Venice lost both territory and trade after the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Later, Portuguese naval exploration around the tip of Africa drew still more traffic away from Venetian-controlled overland routes. Increasingly the city's future lay with the West. Despite the renown of its ambassadors and spies, however, Venice's position weakened ... '

Jacopo Bassano: The Miraculous Draught of Fishes.

Treasures of a Sacred Mountain: Kukai and Mount Koya - Celebrating 1,200 Years of Esoteric Buddhism in Japan. 'Located on the Kii Peninsula, Mount Kya was designated by Kkai (774-835; posthumously named Kb Daishi) as the sacred place for the esoteric Buddhist teachings of the Shingon sect. Since the construction of the various temples and stupas on this sacred mountain, almost 1,200 years have passed. While encountering many vicissitudes as the Shingon headquarters, Mount Kya has also been as a source of spiritual inspiration for much of Buddhist culture in Japan. During these long years, Mount Kya has served as a center of production and wellspring for esoteric Buddhist art. It has also been a sanctuary for a diverse range of Buddhist objects, as members of the imperial family and of the ruling families from all over Japan have donated their treasures to this sacred mountain to protect them from the ravages of civil strife. Its collection of twenty-three National Treasures and 187 Important Cultural Properties has fittingly been bestowed the appellation, " The Shs-in on the Mountain," comparing it to the great repository in Nara. Many more treasures from Mount Kya are yet to be discovered and given proper cultural designations. This year, 2003, marks 1,200 years since Kkai made his historic voyage to Tang-dynasty China. With the full cooperation of Mount Kya, this special exhibition brings together Buddhist art under the theme of Kkai and Mount Kya on an unprecedented scale never before seen.'

Legends of the Kegon Sect Handscroll. 'The Legends of the Kegon Sect Handscroll tells of the travels of two high priests, Gisho and Gengyo, from 7th Century Silla Dynasty Korea. It was painted in the beginning of the Kamakura Period (13th C.) under the supervision of the priest Myoe, reviver of the Kyoto temple Kozan-ji ... '

Women in African Art. 'Women have played a significant role in African art. They are highly respected and adorned in many fashions throughout several societies. Esentially, the woman's role is not only that of a care-taker, but extends to other forms. In art, the African woman has been portrayed several ways: procreator, goddess, mother, ancestor, and sage. Because women have played such a significant role in African art, this exhibit will focus on women in African art: family, life, and beyond.'

Teaching Math in America. 'Throughout American history, teachers and parents have used objects--from colonial--era slates to modern electronic calculators--to help students master abstract mathematical concepts. These math teaching tools reflect society's hopes and dreams ... '

Grateful Dead Posters.

Iggy Pop Posters.

Led Zeppelin Posters.

Pink Floyd Posters.

Jimi Hendrix Posters.

Tsering Art School. Himalayan art.

National Museums of Kenya.

The Sainsbury African Galleries at the British Museum. 'The Sainsbury African Galleries provides a substantial and permanent exhibition space for one of the finest collections of African art and artefacts in the world.'

28th July
Tsimtshian Texts. 'This is a collection of texts from the Tsimshian, who lived (and continue to reside) on the northwestern coast of British Columbia. The first three are tales of culture heroes and heroines, far longer than most texts of this kind. These first three stories, with legendary quests, mysterious supernatural beings and atmospheric descriptions, remind one of Icelandic sagas. Following these are a couple of short and fairly unremarkable animal rivalry stories. The last item is a notable deluge myth which appears to have very little if any European influence.'

Haida Songs. 'The Haida are a Canadian Native American group which lives on the Queen Charlotte Islands, just off the coast of British Columbia. This is the triangular archipelago which looks like it is a piece broken off of Alaska. This collection of Haida songs, collected early in the 20th century, gives many insights into Haida culture, including class divisions, belief in reincarnation, and the status of women. This etext is presented with the full Haida interlinear text. '

Embroidered Tangkas. Himalayan art.

Woven Tangkas. Himalayan art.

Nobuyoshi Araki: Polaroids. Japan's best-known photographer. Not safe for work.

Downtown Shinjuku. Photo gallery.

Macleay Museum Scientific Instrument Collection. 'In 1972 the Macleay Museum held an exhibition of Historical and Interesting Scientific Instruments drawn from several departments. At the conclusion of the exhibition some apparatus was returned to departments. Other departments felt this historic material should be retained in the museum. So began the scientific instrument collection ... ' Links to online exhibits.

Netherlandish Painting in the 1400s. 'The works on this tour were produced by artists from France, Germany, and the Low Countries between about 1400 and 1550, years when the culture of early modern Europe emerged from the social, political, and religious orientation of the Middle Ages. This period witnessed the development of capitalism, the rise of nation states, and the Protestant Reformation ... '

15th and Early 16th Century Germany. 'The changes experienced in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries were nowhere more strongly felt than in German-speaking lands. There the revolutions of printing and the Protestant Reformation were first unleashed. And it was a German artist, , who introduced the art of Renaissance Italy to northern Europe. As France, England, and Spain coalesced around strong dynasties into powerful nations, Germany remained a political mosaic of small, independent states under the aegis of the Holy Roman Emperor. Yet it sustained a strong sense of national identity, and this was reflected in the distinctive character of German art ... '

Netherlandish and Spanish Altarpieces in the Late 1400s and Early 1500s. 'All of the paintings on this tour were commissioned for Spanish churches or convents during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabel. The king and queen, famous for their patronage of Christopher Columbus in 1492, also unified Spain and forged strong cultural ties with the Netherlands, roughly present-day Holland and Belgium.'

Antwerp in the Early 1500s. 'At the beginning of the sixteenth century, artists from all over northern Europe were drawn to the booming prosperity of Antwerp, in modern Belgium. With the silting up of the harbor in neighboring Bruges and new alliances that brought the English cloth and Portuguese spice trades into the city, Antwerp became the mercantile hub of Europe, where goods from the East, the New World, and the Old World changed hands. The city's cosmopolitan population, wealthy as well as diverse, was a magnet for artists and encouraged experimentation. Painters were little constrained by tradition, since Antwerp had never before attracted important artists. To satisfy their patrons' varied tastes, painters explored new subjects and worked in many different styles, sometimes self-consciously borrowing from the past, at other times taking new inspiration from Renaissance Italy ... '

Marie Curie and the History of Radioactivity. 'During the 19th century scientists knew little about what went on inside an atom. However, by the end of the century there were startling new ideas about the structure of the atom resulting from the discoveries of X-rays, radioactivity and the electron. The Modern Physics Collection at the Science Museum contains a number of objects used by the physicists who made and researched these discoveries, including some of those belonging to Marie Curie and her family ... '

Durer: The Centaur Family.

Rolling Stones Posters.

Frank Zappa Posters.

Bob Dylan Posters.

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young Posters.

The Doors Posters.

Wijikura. Australian aboriginal art.

Spiral Galaxy NGC 7742. 'This might resemble a fried egg you've had, but it's actually much larger ... '

Revelation Art. Via Internet Weekly.

The Pin-up Files. 'Over 1,000 pin-up art images from classic and contemporary artists. A gallery is devoted to each featured artist. Each gallery contains artwork, a biography, notes on each image and important links. ' Via neurastenia.

Rave Flyers Gallery. Via neurastenia.

Masako Saimura. Via neurastenia.

Eric Drooker. Via Dublog.

2002 Leonids Meteor Gallery. Via Dublog.

Geographical Directory Of World Paper Money. Via Dublog.

The Colour Museum. Via Bifurcated Rivets.

Hill of Crosses, Siauliai, Lithuania. Via gmtPlus9.

Dr. Evermore's Salvage Sculpture Exhibit. Via gmtPlus9.

George Grosz. Via wood s lot.

Reno Larson. Via wood s lot.

Michel Macku. Via wood s lot.

The Great Arc of India. 'In April 1802, the relatively comfortable cool days of winter were giving way to rising temperatures and increasing humidity while the sultry Indian summer loomed endlessly ahead. As fellow British officers explored ways to escape the heat, Colonel William Lambton (who, with George Everest, has been recognized as the man that made the arc possible) made plans to walk the heart of the steaming land: on April 10 he carefully laid the baseline for the measurement of the length of a degree of latitude along a longitude in the middle of peninsular India, at St Thomas' Mount in Madras. His ambitious and seemingly impossible plan, was to measure the great meridonial arc, by trignometric survey. The plan succeeded, and today, 200 years later, we celebrate and acknowledge the creation of what has come to be known as The Great Arc, upon which, modern mapping and surveying of the Indian peninsula is still based. '
Via MeFi.

Winslow Homer Watercolours. Via MeFi.

26th July
Posted Aboard RMS Titanic. 'Although the drama of one of the greatest maritime disasters -- the sinking of R.M.S. Titanic -- was played out over the course of just a few hours, the tragic event has captivated our imaginations for decades. What few remember, however, is that Titanic was more than the largest and most luxurious vessel of her time. She was also an "R.M.S.," a "Royal Mail Ship." ... '

Mail to the Chief. FDR's stamp designs.

Plains Indians Drawings. 'A profound sense of history has long compelled the Indian peoples of the Great Plains of North America to chronicle their lives pictorially. Their paintings on rock walls, buffalo hide robes and tipis provided records of history, experiences and visions. A man's exploits in war or success in the hunt would be painted on his garments and on his shelter to validate and memorialize his heroic deeds ... '

The Giant Thangkas of Tsurphu Monastery. 'Each great monastery in Tibet once possessed giant silk applique hangings for public display and worship. These often huge banners comprise some of Tibet's greatest art treasures because of their spiritual significance, size and intricate design. Some survived the cultural revolution - most did not. The giant banners of Tsurphu monastery in central Tibet - traditional seat of the Karmapas - were both destroyed during this time ... '

Charles Sheeler and Photographic Myth. 'In 1917, Sheeler moved from Philadelphia to Doylestown, Pennsylvania where he shared a studio with his closest friend, Morton Schamberg. Together, they rented an eighteenth-century farmhouse where they were isolated from the distractions of the city. Here, they were able to experience a rural and mostly agricultural America that once was ... '

Odalisques. 'This set of paintings are of odalisque's (A female slave or concubine in a harem) Some are by well known artists, some lesser known, and some modern.'

Harem Paintings. 'This next set of paintings are all showing entertainers of some kind, usually within a harem, where the females were encouraged to learn some kind of skills to entertain the sultan. '

Merchant Paintings. Orientalist art.

Robert Clemente. Postage stamps featuring the famous baseball player for the Pittsburgh Pirates.

As Precious As Gold. The postal history of the Gold Rush.

The Ancient Rock Art of Upper Tibet.

Whiff of Luxury. 'The Mary and George Bloch Chinese snuff bottle collection is a unique assemblage that combines the expression of artistic craftsmanship with creative Chinese ingenuity.'

The Story of the Inverted Jenny. A famous error on a postage stamp.

The Spirit of Ancient Peru. Art.
'South America's western coast is marked by extremes of dramatic and inhospitable landscape: the world's driest coastal desert rises to the longest mountain chain and finally becomes the densest of tropical jungles. Within 200 kilometers in some places as many as thirty-four ecological zones can be experienced, none, however, offering the balance of water and land necessary for agriculture. Despite the challenging environment, or perhaps because of it, ancient Peruvian civilization survived and prospered for nearly three millennia. The determined spirit of the people enabled them not only to conquer their rugged terrain but also to produce art and architecture of spectacular originality, beauty, and technical expertise. Their legacy is one of strong social organization and great artistic creativity and virtuosity, incorporating diverse images, ideas, and materials. '

Grey Whale Watching. Travelogue, photos.

A Journey to the South Pacific: Photographic Fiji. 'These images represent pieces of the various aspects of a country, torn between traditional ways of life and westernization, called Fiji. I went to three islands, Viti Levu; great Fiji, Vanua Levu; big land, and Taveuni; the garden island. My images show the serene and the roughness of an underdeveloped country. Fiji is a place of vibrant beauty and natural resources yet has environmental and educational problems that seem to be occurring throughout the country. '

My First Nature Photographs.

Native American History Class Projects.

Tibetan Monks' Art.

Lingam Gnosis: The Ancient Art of Penis Reading.