The First Typewriter.
Who Was This Woman?
'On January 27, 2000, Todd Singer of Tulsa, Oklahoma, purchased a Nazi-generated wartime medical personnel questionnaire ... '
'One of many official forms called a Fragebogen, the document was used by German authorities during World War II to gather personal data for the purpose of issuing work permits in occupied Poland. Pictured on this document is a slight, frail-looking Jewish woman. Singer did not know the yellowed, four-page questionnaire would set into motion a research effort involving himself, his friends, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum to reconstruct the life and death of the woman described and depicted on the artifact ... '
Speech and Silence. Poetry and the Holocaust.
The Complete Story of Life on Earth. Via the Solipsistic Gazette.
Lesbian Interest Vintage Postcards. Via iconomy.
Wit City. Funnies.
The Pocket President.
The Cult Construction Kit. "Build your own Religious Cult within minutes".
Landover Baptist. 'Where the worthwhile worship, unsaved unwelcome.'
Betty Bowers. 'America's best Christian.'
The Toast Bible. 'In the beginning, there was void. Then God created the heavens and the earth, and God said "Let there be light"; and there was light. And God said the light was good, and separated the light from the dark, and the day from the night. Then God said "Let there be bread", and there was bread, and it was baked by the head of the sun, and turned a golden, crispy brown, upon which God could melt whatever condiments he shall choose. And God separated the toast from the bread, and saw that they both were good ... '
Museo Popol Vuh, Guatemala.
The Popol Vuh: The Creation Story of the Maya.
Heinrich Harrer Portfolio: Tibet Gallery.
The Drikung Kagyu Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism.
Oceanic Mythology by Roland B. Dixon, 1916.
Shamanism in Siberia by M.A. Czaplicka, 1914.
Map of aboriginal Siberia.
Tom the Dancing Bug.
Junction City. 'Progressive America starts here.'
The Daily Enron.
No More Enrons Campaign.
American Family Voices. 'Welcome to American Family Voices. A place for working families to get information, and take action on issues that are important to them. Please feel free to browse our website, use our information, and get involved. '
BBC Radio 4 Woman's Hour: Nazi Children Compensation. 'Bullied, abused and discriminated against since birth because their fathers were German soldiers, Norway's 'War Children' are finally in sight of justice and compensation.'
BBC Radio 4 Woman's Hour: Eva Figes.
'When her second grandchild was born, Feminist writer Eva Figes was moved to think about when she was a child in Berlin and her own grandparents. They had died in a concentration camp in Poland, after the rest of the family had escaped from Germany to England.'
'Out of this came her new book, Tales of Innocence and Experience, an exploration of the relationship between a grandmother and her granddaughter as a second baby is about to be born.'
The Tibetan National Flag.
Padmasambhava Buddhist Centre.
The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin.
Via the Talk.Origins Archive, a great evolutionary resource.
Iraq may have destroyed chemical weapons says Rumsfeld. Cos that's the logical thing to do when your country's about to be invaded.
Happy birthday to Craig of BookNotes.
Velvet Underground Posters. Via Sugar & Spicy.
The History of Zaire as told and painted by Tshibumba Kanda Matulu in conversation with Johannes Fabian.
'During a brief period between the late sixties and the late seventies, popular genre painting bloomed in the urban and industrial Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (called, respectively, Shaba and Zaire when research was conducted). Scores of artists, most of them self-educated, produced thousands of paintings (acrylics or oils on canvas reclaimed from flour sacking) for local use. Through a limited number of recurrent topics, they articulated a system of shared memories. They recalled ancestral origins, colonial history, the fight for independence, post-colonial struggles for power, and the predicaments of urban African life... '
Chiefs and Spirits. 'Gallery Chiefs & Spirits was established in 1992. It was the first gallery in the Netherlands exclusively dedicated to the promotion of Zimbabwean sculpture. Over the years the gallery has organised numerous small-scale exhibitions of Zimbabwean sculpture, both under its own name and in cooperation with others. The gallery also participated in several Art Fairs, including KunstRAI Amsterdam. '
Cartes Postales d'Afrique. Historic African postcards - site in French.
The Sunday School Union Books. 'In the 1840s, stories were written for The American Sunday-School Union. These stories were meant to instill in children the values and morals needed to become good citizens. Topics discussed in the Sunday-School Union books ranged from how our "conscience should be our friend" to why children should not become "blind at heart." The books also provided passages from the Bible that related to the values discussed. Some books even provided hymns that "all little boys and girls would do well to learn and to recollect"...'
The Blind Beggar.
The Battle of the Atlantic Explored at Liverpool Museum. 'The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest campaign of the Second World War. It was also perhaps the most crucial. For Britain it began on the first day of the war and continued until the last, almost six years later ...'
Sri Sarada Mandiram. A site about three Hindu saints - Swama Vivekananda, Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Saradamani Devi.
Lives. 'In these pages are described the lives of Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Saradamani Devi and Swami Vivekananda, who are widely revered for their spiritually great and inspiring lives - lives that are inspiring and full of fire to motivate one to intense striving towards the spiritual path and goal.'
Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai (formerly Madras). 'Sri Ramakrishna Math is a place of pilgrimage, situated at Mylapore in Chennai. Commissioned by Swami Vivekananda, this Math was started by Swami Ramakrishnananda, a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna. The Math campus is filled with palpable holiness. Anyone who sits in the temple, even if it is for a few minutes, feels the supreme calmness descend on him. With its lush green surroundings, the Math is a lovely spot for contemplation and meditation...'
Psycho TV from Japan. 'To say television has changed in Japan since the 1960s is like saying Godzilla is a lizard. It's understating the case just a bit. The Japanese TV producers have taken the absolute worst in American TV and pushed it to the limit. You thought our TV was trash? Then you haven't been to Japan in a while. '
'Imagine the tastelessness of a Jerry Springer TV show, the weirdness of pro wrestling and the crass greediness of a daytime game show, with large doses of nudity thrown in. Japanese TV is a never-ending succession of human torture, fart jokes, big breasts (on Japanese women?!) and just plain grossouts .. but it's also hilarious. '
Guinea Pig. Japanese horror films - not suitable for work (front page contains warning).
Warfare in Ancient Greece. The art of.
'As the economic resources of Greek city-states and individuals increased during the seventh century B.C., armies of foot soldiers were formed within the wealthier city-states. Known as hoplites, these soldiers were characteristically equipped with about seventy pounds of armor, most of which was made of bronze. The typical panoply included an eight- to ten-foot thrusting spear with an iron tip and butt, and bronze armor consisting of a helmet, cuirass (chest armor), greaves (shin guards), and a large shield about thirty inches in diameter. The heavy bronze shield, which was secured on the left arm and hand by a metal band on its inner rim, was the most important part of a hoplite's panoply, as it was his chief defense ...'
Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to the Ancient World.
Nuzi & the Hurrians: Fragments from a Forgotten Past. 'By about 2400 BCE, Hurrians - people who spoke the Hurrian language - had expanded southward from the highlands of Anatolia. They infiltrated and occupied a broad arc of fertile farmland stretching from the headwaters of the Habur River to the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. '
'Hurrians established themselves as rulers of small kingdoms in northern Mesopotamia and Syria. They have been identified at ancient Urkesh (Tell Mozan) and other northern sites. Along with sporadic mentions of Hurrians in Sumerian and Akkadian documents, the finds from these sites help us outline the history of the early Hurrians.'
The Cesnola Collection from Ancient Cyprus.
Grand Traverse Lighthouse, Michigan.
'Marking the tip of the Leelanau Peninsula, the Grand Traverse Lighthouse has guided sailors and their ships safely into the Manitou Passage, Straits of Mackinaw and Grand Traverse Bay for nearly 150 years.' 'Today, one can tour the restored lighthouse resembling a keeper's home of the 1920's and 30's. Exhibits on area lighthouses, foghorns, shipwrecks and local history are located in the Lighthouse and Fog Signal Building. The restored air diaphone foghorn is demonstrated throughout the year, and visitors can climb the tower for a spectacular view of Lake Michigan...'
Straits of Mackinac Lighthouses.
The Visible Embryo. 'Welcome to the Visible Embryo, a comprehensive resource of information on human development from conception to birth, designed for both medical student and interested lay people. '
'The Visible Embryo offers a detailed pictorial account of normal and abnormal development.'
The Multi-dimensional Human Embryo. 'The Multi-Dimensional Human Embryo is a collaboration funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) to produce and make available over the internet a three-dimensional image reference of the Human Embryo based on magnetic resonance imaging. The collection of images is intended to serve students, researchers, clinicians, and the general public interested in studying and teaching human development.'
Welcome to Planet Earth. Image.
Portraits. Made out of toilet paper cores. Via Geisha Asobi.
British Library Images Online. Via Portage.
Venezuelan Natives - Rana Sarup Singh of Mewar - England & Wales - Head & Torso - Pythagorean Theorem - Chinese Deities
The Legendary Danceland Poster Collection 1956-67. 'The Danceland Ballroom was built in Cedar Rapids, Iowa in 1927. After a change in ownership in 1957, they began booking rock and roll acts. They continued until the ballroom was torn down in 1969...'
Pole Shift Preparation. Planet X stuff. Via Bifurcated Rivets.
Bad Astronomy: Planet X. 'Doomsayers seem to pop up every few years. Last time, it was the alignment of the planets that somehow managed not to destroy the Earth in May 2000. Now, we have Planet X.'
Female Merit Badges. Via Geisha Asobi.
Akira Kurosawa Movie Posters. Via the Solipsistic Gazette.
African Barber Signs. Via Obliterated.
1920s Soap Ads. Via Sugar & Spicy.
Old Orient Pin Ups. Via Sugar & Spicy.
Weird Tales. The unique magazine. Featuring cover art. Via iconomy.
Bad Erotica. 'Well, the people have spoken. You have also throbbed, pulsed and dripped. ' Thanks, Miguel!
How to write sex scenes.
The Mysteries of Harris Burdick. Via iconomy, hama7 @ MeFi.
Ramana Maharshi and Others at Ease. 'At the age of sixteen Ramana Maharshi left his home, his family, and all he knew. He felt drawn to Arunachula - a small mountain in Southern India. Here he lived for the rest of his life. His only possessions were a piece of cloth to cover himself, and a walking stick ... '
Via Sugar & Spicy.
A History of Aspirin.
Brisbane Stories. Tales of life in Brisbane. History, hidden Brisbane, indigenous stories, women's sport, migrant stories, Chinese Brisbane, art, local communities...
This Land Is Ours. A landrights campaign for Britain.
The Digger Archives. 'San Francisco Diggers (1966-68 ... and beyond)'
'The Digger Archives is an ongoing Web project to preserve and present the history of the anarchist guerilla street theater group that challenged the emerging Counterculture of the Sixties and whose actions and ideals inspired (and continue to inspire) a generation (of all ages) to create models of Free Association.'
'The Diggers were one of the legendary groups in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury, one of the world-wide epicenters of the Sixties Counterculture which fundamentally changed American and world culture. Shrouded in a mystique of anonymity, the Diggers took their name from the original English Diggers (1649-50) who had promulgated a vision of society free from private property, and all forms of buying and selling. The San Francisco Diggers evolved out of two Radical traditions that thrived in the SF Bay Area in the mid-1960s: the bohemian/underground art/theater scene, and the New Left/civil rights/peace movement ... '
The English Diggers.
Chaco Canyon: Land of the Ancient Strangers. 'If you look at the map, you will see a big empty space in the northwest corner of New Mexico, with hardly a road bothering to criss-cross it. This mostly unpopulated immensity is Anasazi (a Navajo word, meaning ancient strangers, or the ancient ones) country. It hides prehistoric ruins of the first rank. To reach this extraordinary site, one must be prepared to put in some effort. For us, the adventure started at the small settlement of Nageezii on Route 44 between Farmington and Albuquerque ... '
A Social Divide Written in Stone. 'One of the great mysteries of North American archaeology concerns the Anasazi, a Native American people who suddenly abandoned their complex buildings around A.D. 1300. New research is in progress at the mud brick "village" known as Cliff Palace in Colorado's Mesa Verde National Park. Signs of a hierarchical society are emerging, right down to a wall that divides Cliff Palace into two parts ... '
Oxfam: Land Rights in Africa.
The Milarepa Fund 'is a non-profit organization that actively supports the Tibetan people's nonviolent struggle to regain independence.'
Conservancy for Tibetan Art & Culture.
Overview of aspects of Tibetan art and culture - religion, arts, medicine etc.
World Tibet Day.
"For as long as space endures
And for as long as living beings remain
Until then, may I too abide
To dispel the misery of the world"
- the Dalai Lama.
Bernarr Macfadden, the 'father of physical culture'.
'Bernarr Macfadden (1868 - 1955), internationally famous during his lifetime but almost unknown today, called the "Father of Physical Culture," nicknamed "Body Love" Macfadden by Time magazine, was a flamboyant personality, millionaire publisher, and life-long advocate of physical fitness, natural food, outdoor exercise, and the natural treatment of disease. He inspired millions of people around the world to live healthful and vigorous lives. He was branded a "kook" and a charlatan by many, was arrested on obscenity charges, denounced by the medical establishment, and campaigned tirelessly against "pill-pushers," processed foods, and prudery ... '
Walter Lees and Bernarr Macfadden at the GOP Convention, 1929. 'After a visit Sunday night and yesterday morning at Wright field, Bernarr MacFadden, of New York, physical culture enthusiast and publisher of many magazines, took off yesterday afternoon for Kansas City, Mo., where he will attend the Republican convention ... '
Joy of Belly Dancing.
The Tolstoy Farm: Gandhi's Experiment in 'Cooperative Commonwealth'. 'Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) attributes the success of the final phase of the satyagraha campaign in South Africa between 1908 and 1914 to the "spiritual purification and penance" afforded by the Tolstoy Farm. He devotes a considerable number of pages in Satyagraha in South Africa to the discussion of the day-to-day activities on the farm as the experiment appeared important to him, even though it had not enjoyed much "limelight" ... '
Movement for Anarchy: Art & Artists: Leo Tolstoy. 'Many constitutions have been devised, beginning with the English and American and ending with the Japanese and the Turkish, according to which people are to believe that all laws established in their country are established at their desire. But everyone knows that not in despotic countries only, but in the countries nominally most free - England, America, France, and others - laws are made not by the will of all, but by the will of those who have power, and therefore always and everywhere are such as are profitable to those who have power: be they many, or few, or only one man. Everywhere and always the laws are enforced by the only means that has compelled, and still compels, some people to obey the will of others, i.e., by blows, by deprivation of liberty, and by murder. There can be no other way.' - Tolstoy, 'The Slavery of Our Times'.
Goddess. 'From the clothing of ancient Greece to such modern evocations as Madame Grss emblematic creations and Versaces Neoclassical loincloths, classical dress has profoundly inspired and influenced art and design over the millennia. The exhibition presents clothing, prints, photographs, and decorative works of art, from the 18th century onward, to reveal the many ways in which classical dress has become a truly timeless style ... '
Pueblo Pottery Gallery.
Nampeyo Pottery. 'The Museum is proud of its collections attributed to the renowned Hopi-Tewa potter Nampeyo (1860?-1942). Some of the attributions are unassailably correct, while others are more uncertain. Since Nampeyo never signed her pieces herself, the task of positively identifying her works is daunting. With her fame as a potter came a strong incentive for collectors and dealers to identify Hopi pottery as Nampeyos, whether they were certain she had actually made a given piece or not. Photographs depicting her with examples of her bowls and jars can be of assistance in helping to authenticate a given piece, but photographers who staged photos of Nampeyo may have included pottery that she did not make. To complicate matters, in her later years Nampeyo often worked in tandem; she would form the vessels and younger relatives, including daughters Annie, Fannie and Nellie, granddaughters Rachael and Daisy, and clan niece Lena Charlie painted them ... '
Ancestral Hopi pottery.
Female Figure with Child, Kongo peoples.
'To the Kongo peoples, all exceptional powers result from some sort of communication with the dead, and the grave is one place that anyone, not just a ritual specialist or chief, can seek help. Graves could be marked with imported ceramics, local terracottas, glass liquor bottles, ivory tusks or stone figures. Differences in practice occurred over time and with locality, and with the character and importance of the deceased. Some Kongo peoples, notably those in the Mayombe region, placed wooden figures near their graves. These figures were sheltered in open-sided roofed structures that served to preserve their white pigment and protect the wood ... '
Wat Suthat. One of Thailand's most important Buddhist temples; an online tour.
Suan Mokkh: The Garden of Liberation. A progressive Buddhist monastery in Thailand; founded 1932. 'Buddhadasa Bhikkhu became famous and controversial in Siam for his fresh, radical, provocative reinterpretation of Theravada Buddhism. '
Dhammic Socialism. Buddhist social consciousness.
Young Dude's Guide to Japan. 'England in Autumn, 1998. One crazy ass year. Let me tell you all about a guy who fell so deeply for a chick that he ended up chasing her all the way to Japan - and in the process, having the adventure of a life-time. Beautiful women, exotic locations, heart-ache, anger, dissapointment, fear - it all happened to me, but not on any movie set. They say real life is stranger than fiction. Read on to find out just how true a statement that is. '
Kushami Room. People sneezing in Japanese commercials.
Gathering of Quilters. 'This IPL exhibit features the quilts shown at the Gathering of Quilters quilt show on March 16, 2002. '
Folk Tulip - Miss Elise's Victorian Ladies - Ocean Waves with Pink Pinwheels
A Century of Quilts. 'View selections from the 100 most acclaimed quilts of the 20th century, and travel across America to meet the quilters in their homes and studios as they tell the stories behind the creation of these magnificent treasures. ' Great site.
Lighthouses: A Photographic Journal. 'Lighthouses: A Photographic Journey is an independent project which seeks to meld the work of photographer and lighthouse enthusiast Donald W. Carter with a comprehensive guide to the lighthouses of Michigan, The Great Lakes, America, and the world. '
Isle Royale Travelogue. A virtual guide to one of the United States' most remote national parks.
Anarchist Images: Posters from the Labadie Collection. 'The IPL has been collaborating with the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan to bring you this special display of anarchist posters from the last half of the twentieth century. In this exhibit you will see a sampling of images which chronicle the philosophies and objectives of anarchist organizations from around the world -- as expressed through the medium of the poster. '
What is anarchism? 'Anarchism, then really stands for the liberation of the human mind from the dominion of religion; the liberation of the human body from the dominion of property; liberation from the shackles and restraint of government. Anarchism stands for social order based on the free grouping of individuals for the purpose of producing real social wealth, an order that will guarantee to every human being free access to the earth and full enjoyment of the necessities of life, according to individual desires, tastes, and inclinations.' -Emma Goldman.
Australia - Europe - North America
The Art of the Fake: Egyptian Forgeries. 'Forgeries are collected both inadvertently and on purpose by museums. Often, a donated object will be accepted by a museum which has no curator whose expertise lies in that type of material. The piece may appear to be genuine to a non-specialist, and the object enters the collections. Later examination by an expert will prove that the piece can not be original. In other cases, the piece may be accepted as genuine by the experts until subsequent scholarship or scientific testing disproves authenticity. Finally, there are cases where forgeries are of such a convincing construction that they simply fool the experts. Often, forgers are well-educated enough to be familiar with those aspects which popular scholarship attributes to the works of a particular period, and incorporate those aspects into a forgery.'
Gallery of forgeries.
Athenian Vase Painting. 'Between the beginning of the sixth and the end of the fourth centuries B.C., black- and red-figure techniques were used in Athens to decorate fine pottery while simpler, undecorated wares fulfilled everyday household purposes. With both techniques, the potter first shaped the vessel on a wheel. Most sizeable pots were made in sections; sometimes the neck and body were thrown separately, and the foot was often attached later. Once these sections had dried to a leather hardness, the potter assembled them and luted the joints with a slip (clay in a more liquid form). Lastly, he added the handles. In black-figure vase painting, figural and ornamental motifs were applied with a slip that turned black during firing, while the background was left the color of the clay. Vase painters articulated individual forms by incising the slip or by adding white and purple enhancements (mixtures of pigment and clay). In contrast, the decorative motifs on red-figure vases remained the color of the clay; the background, filled in with a slip, turned black. Figures could be articulated with glaze lines or dilute washes of glaze applied with a brush. The red-figure technique was invented around 530 B.C., quite possibly by the potter Andokides and his workshop. It gradually replaced the black-figure technique as innovators recognized the possibilities that came with drawing forms, rather than laboriously delineating them with incisions ... '
Inside the Animal Mind. Are animals intelligent? Do they have emotions? How can we define animal consciousness? Great site (from PBS).
Earth and Moon. 'Usually when you see wacky space pictures, the Moon is unrealistically close to the Earth. What's up with that?'
Hypercube. 'A friend of mine was reading a book about the fourth dimension and was having a hard time visualizing hypercubes, so I wrote a program so he could play with a hypercube interactively.'