American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920. 'American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920 comprises 253 published narratives by Americans and foreign visitors recounting their travels in the colonies and the United States and their observations and opinions about American peoples, places, and society from about 1750 to 1920. Also included is the thirty-two-volume set of manuscript sources entitled Early Western Travels, 1748-1846, published between 1904 and 1907 after diligent compilation by the distinguished historian and secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society Reuben Gold Thwaites. Although many of the authors represented in American Notes are not widely known, the collection includes works by major figures such as Matthew Arnold, Fredrika Bremer, William Cullen Bryant, François-René de Chateaubriand, William Cobbett, James Fenimore Cooper, J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, Charles Dickens, Washington Irving, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Sir Charles Lyell, William Lyon Mackenzie, André Michaux, Thomas Nuttall, Frederick Law Olmsted, and Robert Louis Stevenson. The narratives in American Notes therefore range from the unjustly neglected to the justly famous, and from classics of the genre to undiscovered gems. Together, they build a mosaic portrait of a young nation. '
Yana Texts. 'This is a collection of texts from the Yana, a native Californian people who spoke a Hokan language. The Yana lived in the north-eastern Sacramento region of California, east of Redding and north of Chico. Their mythology was very similar to their neighbors, the Maidu, the Shasta and the Wintun; the trickster, Coyote, plays a very important role. There is no cosmological origin myth recorded here. Rather the mythology starts out in a fully realized dream-time inhabited by animal spirits. They are busy sketching in the world that humans will inhabit. The text, the 'Origin of Sex, Hands, and Death', starts off with an interesting twist: women were originally men, and men were originally women. '
'The most famous Yana, belonging to a subgroup called the Yahi, was Ishi, billed as 'The last wild Indian'. Ishi stumbled out of the mountains near Oroville in 1911, the year after this monograph was published. Ishi was taken Berkeley where he lived the remainder of his life, studied closely by the anthropologists Alfred Kroeber and Thomas Talbot Waterman. Ishi died in 1916. He is the subject of an excellent book by Theodora Kroeber, wife of Alfred Krober, Ishi in Two Worlds.'
The Art of Science. 'Some of the National Gallery's paintings can tell us about scientific instruments and inventions from the past. Click on the details below to find out more...'
Anonymous Eighteenth Century German Love Song.
Curses: An Irish Poetic Tradition.
Two Translations of a Poem from the Old Irish. 'This poem was found in the margins of a manuscript in the Monastery of St Paul, Carinthia, Austria. It seems to have been written by an Irish monk, sometime around the ninth century. '
Gazi-zoshi (Scroll of the Hungry Ghosts). 'Through words and pictures, this scroll tells one part of the seven-part story of the gaki, or hungry ghosts. The emaciated ghosts, with their skeleton-thin limbs and swollen bellies, are invisible to the human eye. They are in a state of perpetual thirst and lick the drops of spilled water in a temple cemetery ... '
Legend of Kokawa-dera Temple Handscroll. 'This scroll illustrates the legend of the origin of statue of the Bodhisattva Kannon (Avalokitesvara), the central object of worship of Kokawa-dera Temple. '
Portraits of Court Nobles. Japanese handscroll.
Yamai no Soshi (Diseases and Deformities). 'This illustrated handscroll is a collection of various unusual illnesses. The work was copied in the Kansei Era (1789-1801) of the Edo Period by the Nagoya poet Odate Takakado. This copy was a single handscroll composed of fifteen scenes, nine of which are currently owned by the Japanese national government. The other sections were separated at an earlier date and remain in private collections. Four other scenes that were not included in the Kansei Era copy have surfaced in recent years . From the painting styles and subjects, these four are considered to have been sections of the original handscroll, which were separated from the others before the Edo copy was made.'
The Tarot of the Bohemians, 1892.
The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers. 'The online presentation of The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress, comprising about 10,121 library items or approximately 49,084 digital images, documents the lives of Wilbur and Orville Wright and highlights their pioneering work which led to the world's first powered, controlled and sustained flight. Included in the collection are correspondence, diaries and notebooks, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and other documents, as well as the Wrights' collection of glass-plate photographic negatives. The Wright Brothers' letters to aviation pioneer and mentor Octave Chanute, from the Octave Chanute Papers, were also selected for this online collection. The Wright Papers span the years 1881 to 1952 but largely cover 1900 to 1940. This online presentation includes the famous glass-plate negative of the "First Flight" at Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903, as well as diaries and letters in which Wilbur and Orville Wright recount their work that led to that day. '
An Old Woman with Cat. 'An old woman sits alone with a cat in front of a rough wall. Her head bowed to the side and her large coarse hands gently embracing the cat emphasize the emotional bond between the woman and her pet. Through such gestures, Max Liebermann filled the subject with his own understated and affecting humanity. '
Jeanne Kefer. 'Fernand Khnopff depicted the daughter of a composer friend on a porch before a closed door, with her tiny thumb catching the edge of her bow as she reaches into her coat. '
Sweet Thoughts. 'A pretty girl gazes steadily off to the left, lost in dreamy reverie. Her loose hair, dewy skin, and classical features reflect the late 1800s idealization of female adolescence. '
Pepilla the Gypsy and Her Daughter.
Nguyen Thi Kim - Pham Van Don. Two contemporary Vietnamese artists.
Young Soldier, 1950.
Real Life. Web comic.
Angels 2200. Web comic.
Inside the Eagle Nebula. Photo.
Saturn by Three. Photo.
Around the World in the 1890s. Photographs from the World's Transportation Commission, 1894-1896.
Devices of Wonder. The "surprising and seductive ancestors of modern cinema, cyborgs, computers, and other optical devices".
The Hunley. The first submarine to sink another warship, during the American Civil War.
Wylie House Museum, Indiana.
'Built in 1835, Wylie House was the home of Indiana University's first president, Andrew Wylie, and his family. Today Wylie House is owned and operated by Indiana University as an historic house museum recreating the Wylie home of the 1840s. '
'The house is distinctive and unusual for south-central Indiana, a blend of Federal and Georgian styles of architecture more characteristic of southwest Pennsylvania, where Wylie was born and raised. It is one of the few pre-1840 structures remaining in Bloomington and it is the only historic house museum in the county ... '
Letters, music and seeds!
The Floating World of Ukiyo-e. Beauties, actors and landscapes; fantastic.
Lafcadio Hearn. Lafcadio Hearn is almost as Japanese as haiku. Both are an art form, an institution in Japan. Haiku is indigenous to the nation; Hearn became a Japanese citizen and married a Japanese, taking the name Yakumo Koizumi. His flight from Western materialism brought him to Japan in 1890. His search for beauty and tranquility, for pleasing customs and lasting values, kept him there the rest of his life, a confirmed Japanophile. He became the great interpreter of things Japanese to the West. His keen intellect, poetic imagination and wonderful clear style permitted him to penetrate to the very essence of things Japanese."
Exploring Lafcadio Hearn in Kamakura.
Eugene V. Debs. American socialist leader; extensive site.
Eugene V. Debs Internet Archive. 'Debs wrote for many of the hundreds of socialist newspapers journals and magazines that existed during his life. The collection of all these writings is a life time project, a labor of love for America's greatest Marxist.'
La Venta. 'La Venta, a small island in the coastal wetlands of the Gulf of Mexico, had a rich array of agricultural and marine resources upon which to build a civilization. Recent excavations have established that small villages in the immediate area were growing maize as early as 1750 B.C., but the site reached its maximum size and importance from 1000 to 500 B.C. It was apparently abandoned by 400 B.C. First explored in 1925, La Venta has provided some of the most important archaeological finds from ancient Mesoamerica. In addition to one of the earliest known pyramidal structuresthe Great Pyramidthe site's inventory features seventy-seven carved stone monuments, including four colossal heads; four multi-ton greenstone offerings and three mosaic pavements of serpentine blocks; a tomb of basalt columns; and numerous small jade figures and ornaments. Excavations in the 1980s established the site's truly ancient past and provided the first accurate map ... '
Monte Alban. 'Exploiting the prime agricultural land around the rivers that form the three main arms of the Valley of Oaxaca, the Zapotec residents of San Jos Mogote constructed the first permanent structures dedicated to public rituals in about 600 B.C., when a slab carved with a reclining figurealmost certainly a slain captiveand a calendrical glyph ("1 Earthquake") was set in the corridor of one of the buildings. It is one of the earliest examples of writing in Mesoamerica ... '
Teotihuacan at the Met.
Conner Prairie. 'One of America's finest living history museums.'
Messianic Biblical Art.
The Museum of Biblical Art.
Creation According to Genesis. Painting by Judith Racz.
Song of Songs by Judith Racz.
Christ-Centred Mall. Christian shopping. 'Our primary goals are to reach the lost, call believers to revival, and motivate Christians to spend more time in Bible study and in prayer.We seek to create and develop web pages so we may distribute materials that encourage, stimulate, and facilitate serious study of the Bible as the infallible Word of God. '
Libertarian Holiday Gifts. Via the Libertarian Party of the United States.
Exploring Africa. 'This exhibit puts on display one of the hidden resources of Thomas Cooper Library's Special Collections, a selection from the many books of travel and exploration purchased for the original South Carolina College Library in the early and middle nineteenth century. The exhibition illustrates most of the major phases in the European exploration of Africa, from the late fifteenth century to the late nineteenth century. '
'The exhibition begins with a series of very beautiful Renaissance maps, showing the tracing of the African coastline in the late fifteenth century, by Portuguese seamen, and with the widely-translated early account of West Africa by the Arab scholar Leo Africanus. Included here are the magnificent facsimile of a fifteenth-century manuscript Ptolemy, purchased in 1983 from the John Shaw Billings Endowment, and Wilhelm Blaeu's famous map of Africa (1617). Also from the Renaissance is another Dutch engraver Theodor de Bry's 1598 map from his famous Voyages, kindly loaned for this exhibit by James P. Barrow, '62 ... '
Okuhara Seiko. 'Okuhara Seiko was a highly respected artist, poet and teacher (at one point with nearly 300 students), who lived and worked in Edo (Tokyo) in late 19th century Japan. She had a diverse, well-rounded education and was often invited to scholarly gatherings. Biographies mention her unusual independence, masculine clothing, and cropped hair, and her interest in the martial arts, and it is assumed that she was a lesbian. In fact Seiko might be described as a sort of Japanese Gertrude Stein, especially since, like Stein, her home became a favorite meeting place for outstanding artists of her day. Seiko's art was highly valued and sought after and she was able to make a lucrative living. She loved fine food, becoming quite portly in her later years, and was known as an energetic conversationalist, with a quick wit, and gregarious personality. In her book, JAPANESE WOMEN ARTISTS (Spencer Msueum of Art, 1988), Patricia Fister tells an amusing story regarding Seiko's attendance at an exhibiton ... '
An Exhibition of Tibetan Calligraphy.
Glasgow's Forgotten Village: The Grahamston Story. 'Grahamston is a forgotten piece of Glasgow history. It vanished beneath the foundations of Glasgow Central Station more than 100 years ago, but its memory lives on in buildings, in street patterns and not least in the urban legend of an abandoned village beneath the platforms of Scotland's busiest railway station ... '
The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti. (The Atlantic, 1927)
'For more than six years the Sacco-Vanzetti case has been before the courts of Massachusetts. In a state where ordinary murder trials are promptly dispatched such extraordinary delay in itself challenges attention. The fact is that a long succession of disclosures has aroused interest far beyond the boundaries of Massachusetts and even of the United States, until the case has become one of those rare causes célèbres which are of international concern. The aim of this paper is to give in the briefest compass an accurate résumé of the facts of the case from its earliest stages to its present posture ... '
Thomistic Philosophy: The Enduring Thought of Saint Thomas Aquinas. 'Thomistic Philosophy is inspired by the philosophical methods and principles used by Thomas Aquinas (1224/5-1274), a Dominican Friar and Theologian, in his explanation of the Catholic faith. Aquinas, who is most renowned for his Five Ways of Proving the Existence of God, believed that both faith and reason discover truth, a conflict between them being impossible since they both originate in God. Believing that reason can, in principle, lead the mind to God, Aquinas defended reason's legitimacy, especially in the works of Aristotle. The philosophy of Aquinas continues to offer insights into many lingering problems in Metaphysics, the Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Religion and Ethics ... '
Logarithmic Spirals Isabel and M51. 'Uncomfortably close hurricane Isabel (left) and 30 million light-year distant galaxy M51 actually don't have much in common. For starters, Isabel was hundreds of miles across, while M51 (the Whirlpool Galaxy) spans about 50,000 light-years making them vastly dissimilar in scale, not to mention the extremely different physical interactions which control their formation and evolution. But they do look amazingly alike, both exhibiting the shape of a simple and beautiful mathematical curve known as a logarithmic spiral, a spiral whose separation grows in a geometric way with increasing distance from the center ... '
Five Poems by Josephine Jacobsen.
Monuments of the Future: Designs by El Lissitzky. 'The Russian artist El Lissitzky (1890-1941) was one of the great avant-garde figures of the early twentieth century. The Getty Research Institute holds a remarkable array of materials on Lissitzky, including book and periodical designs, his complete correspondence to his wife, Sophie Lissitzky-Küppers, photographs of his exhibition designs, his two personal address books, and additional manuscripts related to his life and work ... '
Nuclear Imagery in Popular Culture.
American Folk. People, folklore and popular culture.
Sesshu: View of Ama-no-hashidate.
Kano Motonobu: Birds and Flowers of the Four Seasons.
Josetsu: Illustrated Fan of Wang Xizhi.
Sesshu: Hui Ke Offering His Arm to Bodhidharma.
Documents from the Phoenix Programme. 'Created by the CIA in Saigon in 1967, Phoenix was a program aimed at "neutralizing"—through assassination, kidnapping, and systematic torture—the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying "final solution" that violated the Geneva Conventions and traditional American ideas of human morality ... '
Jerome Bushyhead. Native American artist.
The First Glasgow Directory (1787). 'IN introducing the little work of Nathaniel Jones, it may be advisable to give the reader some idea of the condition and dimensions of our good city at the date of its publication. It may also be worth while to look back through the previous history of Glasgow, in order to note the state of manners, and the rate of progression in numbers, wealth, and civilisation. While doing so, I shall not attempt to penetrate the obscurity of the early ages, or to inflict on the reader a true and particular account of St. Kentigern's birth, parentage, and miracles. Neither shall I open up the dreary roll of our Popish ecclesiastics, from Mungo to Archbishop Beaten, as that would be entirely out of place in a new introduction to an old Directory. I shall start with the Reformation, by stating that the number of inhabitants in the city of Glasgow at that time did not exceed 4,500, according to several authorities that need not be named ... '
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer. 'One of the best and strangest French Symbolists. '
Portrait of the Marquesa de Santiago.
Gericault: Portrait Study.
Portrait of Anne, Duchess of Cumberland.
Female Nude in a Landscape.
Native American Stock Photography.
The Anti-Smoking Ads that Philip Morris Forced Off the Air.
Vintage Vending. Retro gifts and kitsch.
Friars in Medieval Scotland. Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era.
The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux. A medieval illuminated prayer book.
Ukiyo-e Prints of Beauties.
Ukiyo-e Prints of Scenery (1).
Ukiyo-e Prints of Scenery (2).
Postcard from Soweto.
Illuminated Book of Statutes. (13th century)
Gold of the Indies. Mesoamerican art.
Ancient American Jade. Mesoamerica.
Ring of Fire from Cape Wrath. An annular eclipse seen from northern Scotland.
Friends of Kinson Common, Dorset, England. Fascinating stories, pictures, and nature diary.
Bold Bluff Nature Diary. 'Seasonal observations of an ever changing coastal landscape by Bold Bluff host Tamar Griggs.' From British Columbia.
Fuji Series by Katsushika Hokusai.
The Detroit Historical Museum.
Michigan State Capitol. 'The State Capitol is unique. Not only is it Michigan's most important historic building, but it is a proudly regarded symbol of the state itself. It has received national recognition for its extraordinary architecture and art. However, more than one hundred years of weathering, neglect, hard use and structural and technological alterations diminished architect Elijah E. Myers's once-magnificent design ... '
Henry Ford Estate, Dearborn, Michigan. Includes virtual tours.
Edsel & Eleanor Ford House, 'the former private residence of Henry and Clara Fords only child, Edsel, his wife Eleanor and their children: Henry II, Benson, Josephine and William Clay. '
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts.
Arabic Illuminated Manuscript.
Shree Narayana Guru (1854-1928) was a social reformer. He has been credited with transforming the social fabric of Kerala and changing the beliefs of Keralites in ways unimaginable at that point in time ... '
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi. 'Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi was born on March 21, 1923 to a Christian family in Chindawara, India. Her parents were Prasad and Cornelia Salve, direct descendants of the royal Shalivahana dynasty. Seeing the beauty of this child who was born with a spotless brilliance, they called her Nirmala, which means 'Immaculate'. '
'Later on she came to be known by the multitudes by the name of Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi - the revered Mother who was born with her complete Self Realization and knew from a very young age that she had a unique gift which had to be made available to all mankind ... '
Greco-Roman Erotic Art.
Saint Dimitry Bassarbovsky Rock Monastery. A rock monastery in Bulgaria.
Saint's life. Images.
Grist Magazine. 'Grist is an online environmental magazine. Our credo: Pull no punches, take no prisoners, accept no advertising. Eschew the wealth and fame that so often seduce online environmental journalists. And try to have a better sense of humor than a pack of fur protesters.'
South African Recycled Craft.
South African Township Art. 'Township Art is a form of Urban Art, specifically it is the art of the township. Townships are suburbs which lie on the fringe of towns in South Africa. Soweto near Johannesburg being the most famous. In 1923 the Urban Areas Act formed segregated African residential areas around towns, providing the towns with a source of cheap labour and as only males were allowed to reside in the township, they were predominantly mass dormitories for a black male labour force. Movement was controlled by pass-books and pass-laws, a control of society that started in the 18th century, ensuring that a black person's movement was restricted and harsh penalties were enforced to persons that broke this rule ... '
Glasgow Cathedral Windows.
Women and Books: From the Sixteenth Century to the Suffragettes.
"Individuals Active in Civil Disturbances". Rare Alabama publication from the Civil Rights era.
'The Memory Hole has obtained and posted two contentious books created by Alabama's Department of Public Safety in the early 1960s. Titled "Individuals Active in Civil Disturbances," the volumes contain photos, addresses, arrest info, and other data about people the state considered subversive. For the most part, the individuals were involved with mainstream black groups, such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (which would later become more radical). A minority of people listed were involved with openly communist organizations or with extreme right-wing groups, mainly the American Nazi Party.'
The $10,000 Bill and Other Large Denominations. Images.
American Postcard Art. People, places and things; great site.
Art of the Fantastic. Science fiction, fantasy and comic art.
Emmerich Vidich Fine Art: Botanical Art.
Li Shan. Chinese artist.
Jin Weihong. Chinese artist.
Nippon in the World. Interesting Japanese history exhibits.
Scenic mementos of Japan. 'Since early times, people have preserved images of memorable scenes, which reflect the culture and mode of life of their age, in various ways. We can see the people's life of each period in paintings, illustrations, woodblock prints and photographs. In this electronic exhibition, images of scenes from the 17th to the beginning of the 20th century Japan are digitized and linked together by region, period, and selected topics. It will be enable you to retrace the memories of Japanese scenes.'
The Russian Samovar.
Shawls of Pavlovo. 'Pavolvsky Posad is an ancient Russian town about sixty kilometers from Moscow, widely known as the home of hereditary textile workers. To be more precise, the town is known for its printed woolen cloth shawls and kerchiefs. In 1996 the Textile Finishing Factory of Pavlovsky Posad celebrated its 184th anniversary ... '
Zhostovo 'is a world-famous Russian folk art center popular for its painted trays decorated with bright bunches of flowers on the black background. The skillful and talented masters of Zhostovo have turned these domestic utensils into real masterpieces of art ... '
Walking around Moscow.
Zapatista Art Gallery.
Forgotten Detroit. 'Detroit is known for one of the most stunning collections of pre-depression architecture in the world. The past two decades have seen several of these treasures sit vacant, waiting for economic revival. On these pages you will find information about the past, present, and future situations of a few of these landmarks. It is my hope that this information helps you gain an appreciation for the importance of both the history and continued survival of these buildings ... '
The Book-Cadillac. A lost Detroit hotel.
'After looking inside of the Michigan Central Railroad Station and several storefronts and apartment buildings in the Cass Corridor, I knew that there was much history inside of these buildings no matter how long they had been closed. The "danger" that most people would imagine in such closed/abandoned spaces did not exist. The homeless, rats/cockroaches, police, and the dark has never been a problem. I was so intrigued by the empty spaces and that a building with such volume that held so many people at one time could be completely empty. And I do mean completely empty! ... '
Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey.
Sonic Atrophy. Abandoned buildings and urban exploration in St. Louis, Missouri.
Sensual Style. Art nouveau, with gallery.
Expo-Klimt. Gustav Klimt paintings.
Strokes of Gustav. Gustav Klimt virtual gallery.
The Stained Glass Windows of Louis Comfort Tiffany.
Tiffany Chapel for the 1893 Columbian Exposition. 'Louis Comfort Tiffany's most impressive achievements were interiors - notably those of his own houses in New York City and on Long Island, the Havemeyer House in New York City and a little chapel he made for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. That chapel, not seen by the general public for more than a century, has been under conservation for two years and is now reassembled at the Morse Museum of American Art ...'
The Morse Museum of American Art.
Visiting a Japanese House. Etiquette.
Hot Springs in Japan. Quick overview.
Soweto Gospel Choir.
Africa Sounds. 'The Latest in Music Concerts & Cultural Events.'
Sri Ramana Maharshi. A Hindu saint.
Ramana Maharshi - Sage of Arunachala Hill. 'Ramana Maharshi (Maha or great, Rishi or Enlightened Being) was the awe inspiring sage who's presence graced the renowned sacred Arunachala hill during much of the 20th century. He was known throughout India and to many in the rest of the world as the silent sage whose peaceful presence and powerful gaze changed the lives of the many who came into his presence. In silence he radiated peace and contentment like a powerful beacon, effecting a change in anyone who came within his sphere. He encouraged people to look within and decide whether they were actually the body or the changeless eternal self within. His powerful example and inner influence led many people to experience this inner self as the same self behind all awareness, above the transient mind, emotions, and body ... '
Delaware Tribe of Indians. 'The name DELAWARE was given to the people who lived along the Delaware River, and the river in turn was named after Lord de la Warr, the governor of the Jamestown colony. The name Delaware later came to be applied to almost all Lenape people. In our language, which belongs to the Algonquian language family, we call ourselves LENAPE (len-NAH-pay) which means something like "The People." Our ancestors were among the first Indians to come in contact with the Europeans (Dutch, English, & Swedish) in the early 1600s. The Delaware were called the "Grandfather" tribe because we were respected by other tribes as peacemakers since we often served to settle disputes among rival tribes. We were also known for our fierceness and tenacity as warriors when we had to fight, however, we preferred to choose a path of peace with the Europeans and other tribes ... '
The Grand Hotel, Mackinac Island, Michigan. The world's largest summer hotel since 1887.
The Fall of Parity. 'Between Christmas of 1956 and New Year's Day, the first exciting results emerged from a difficult but fundamental scientific experiment at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Washington, DC [currently the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)]. The experiment showed, strikingly and convincingly, that in at least one fundamental physical process, our world is distinguishable from its mirror image. Physicists had long assumed the opposite. They constructed their theories so as to ensure that the corresponding mathematical property, called parity, remains unaltered - is conserved - in all subatomic processes. Thus this experiment brought about the fall of parity from its exalted position alongside such well conserved physical quantities as energy, momentum, and electric charge ...'
Emilio Segre Visual Archives. 'collection of some 25,000 historical photographs, slides, lithographs, engravings, and other visual materials, the Emilio Segr Visual Archives is part of the Niels Bohr of the Center for History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics . The collection focuses on American physicists and astronomers of the twentieth century, but includes many scientists in Europe and elsewhere, in other fields related to physics, and in earlier times ... '
Transistorised. The story of the invention of the transistor.