plep

28th October
In a few days, I will be going to Nepal. I will return around mid-November.
As with previous trips, the plan is to set up a blog for updates while away (depending on finding a suitable Internet cafe etc.). The currently rather skeletal site is here :- NePlep.

Interesting links about Nepal :-
The Nepali Times - Heema Memorial Trust: Health, Education and Employment for the Poor People - The Nepali Language - Swear in Nepali - Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library - Nepali Phrases - Kumari Devi - Nepal's Living Goddess - Asian Historical Architecture (including Nepal) - UK Foreign Office Travel Advisories (including Nepal) - Life under Nepal's Maoists (BBC) - Meeting Nepal's Maoists (BBC) - Nepal in Crisis 2001 (news stories about the aftermath of the royal massacre)

Hats Off! A Salute to African Headwear. 'Modifying or adorning the body is a means through which African peoples express their collective and individual pride, ideals, aesthetics and identity. Many African cultures throughout the continent have long considered the head the center of one's being--a source of individual and collective identity, power, intelligence and ability. Adorning the head as part of everyday attire or as a statement, therefore, is especially significant. '
'Certain laborers, such as farmers and blacksmiths, wear special hats in recognition of their skills. Some wear hats and headdresses as emblems of their chiefly or royal status and prestige and still others wear hats to signify they have attained a certain rank as members of particular socio-political governing societies ... '

All About Japanese Hina Dolls. 'Every year on March 3rd, Japan celebrates the Doll Festival (Japanese, Hina Matsuri). Until recently, Girls' Day was also celebrated on March 3rd. On this day every year, families set up a special step-altar on which to arrange their Emperor and Empress dolls, called "hina" in Japanese. They decorate this altar with boughs of peach blossoms and make offerings to the hina dolls of freshly made rice cakes (mochi), either flavored with a wild herb or colored and cut into festive diamond shapes. Here at the Kyoto National Museum, we hold an exhibition of dolls every year sometime between February and April in celebration of the Doll Festival. '
'If you ever come to the museum during the doll exhibition, you will see three step-altars as you walk in the door. Look at the photos of these three altars below ... '

Teutonic Myth and Legend: An Introduction to the Eddas, Beowulf, The Nibelungenlied, etc. by Donald A. Mackenzie circa 1912.
'This is Donald Mackenzie's able retelling of the Northern mythological cycle. He weaves a coherent narrative from the Eddas, the Niebelunglied, the Volsung Saga, Beowulf, the primordial Hamlet myths, and Medieval German tales of chivalry. '

Nuclear Explosions Database. 'Geoscience Australia maintains a database of nuclear explosions with the location, time and size of explosions around the world since 1945. You can query this database by filling in the form below. '

Architecture of Ancient Greece.

Needlepoint Gallery. Via art for housewives.

The Berkeley Historical Society. Via dumbmonkey.

1990 Ancestry Maps. 'Ancestry can refer to either a person's ethnic origins or descent, "roots", or heritage or the place of birth of a person or that person's ancestors. '
'These maps are based on data from the 1990 Census. They show an estimate of how many people of a certain ancestry will live in each of Minnesota's cities and townships (MCDs) and in each county in the United States. These maps are intended to give the viewer some idea of the location, concentration, and historical settlement patterns of some of the largest ancestry groups in Minnesota and the United States. '
Via anastasiav @ MeFi.

History of Robots in the Victorian Era. Via Bifurcated Rivets.

Tibet: Tradition and Change. 'The objects assembled in this exhibition were all inspired by Buddhism, which is today a world religion based on the teachings of Buddha Sakayamuni (ca. 560-480 B.C.E). His teachings aimed to suggest ways to reduce suffering and to ultimately escape the bondage of the cycle of rebirth. By the time Buddhism was introduced officially into Tibet in the seventh century, it had become a complex religion with many schools of teaching, a pantheon of gods, and elaborate rituals. Along with the Buddhist religion the Tibetans also adopted from the Indian Brahmi a system of writing that facilitated the copying of Sanskrit texts and treatises ... '

Tibet Images Photo Library. 'Tibet Images is the foremost collection of photos of Tibet & Tibetan buddhism, supplying images of the highest quality to publishers, Tibet organisations and individuals worldwide. We are now also selling high quality postcards, posters and calendars.'

White House for Sale. 'WhiteHouseForSale.org is a project of Public Citizen, a national, nonprofit public interest organization with 140,000 members that was founded by Ralph Nader in 1971 to represent consumer interests in Congress, the executive branch and the courts.'
'We fight for openness and democratic accountability in government, for the right of consumers to seek redress in the courts; for clean, safe and sustainable energy sources; for social and economic justice in trade policies; for strong health, safety and environmental protections; and for safe, effective and affordable prescription drugs and health care. We have six divisions and two state offices.'
'This Web site is managed by Congress Watch, one of Public Citizen's six divisions, and some content is provided by Texans for Public Justice. '

The Literature of Intelligence: A Bibliography of Materials, with Essays, Reviews, and Comments.

A Paper Folding Project.

16 Colour Cinema. 'The Internet movie machine.'

Brueghel the Elder: The Entry of the Animals into Noah's Ark. 'A profusion of animals fills the earth and sky. Fighting, playing, climbing, flying, and swimming, they are shepherded by Noah toward the ark in the far distance. All species of animals are portrayed, from large lumbering elephants to tiny turtles and hamsters in the foreground. Bats and birds soar across the sky, receding into the background where brighter skies hold promise of a future. '

Workshop of Rubens: David Meeting Abigail.

Honthorst: Christ Crowned with Thorns.

Lanfranco: Moses and the Messengers from Canaan.

The Tumbleweed Rover. 'Welcome to the main page of the NASA/JPL inflatable instrumented sphere called the "Tumbleweed" rover. Here you will find pictures, videos, & documentation from its development including the 2003 deployment from Summit Camp which is in the center of Greenland at an elevation of 10,600ft MSL. The links below lead you to the documents describing the project, data from each of the testing locations, and pictures of the Tumbleweed system, crew, camp.'
'This site is designed for anyone interested in novel ideas in the area of autonomous exploration of remote Earth locations and Earth's neighboring planets. '

The Smile Project. 'Have you ever wanted to debug your mother, father, siblings or even yourself? Multi-media artist Jason Van Anden attempts to do just that in his ongoing art installation: The Smile Project. The installation takes the form of a family of five, human scale, animatronic sculptures embodied with the ability to "emote" with facial expressions, body language and sound. Van Anden's inclination to simulate feelings in and between the robots, as well as their audience, comes from an autobiographical history and his experience as a sculptor, a computer programmer and a zealous member of ongoing group therapy. '
link

27th October
Side Photographic Collection Online. 'Lives & landscapes of Northern England, classics of documentary, historical northern documentary and contemporary explorations of the wider world: a documentary photography archive was started when Amber film & photography collective came to Newcastle upon Tyne in 1969. '

Eri Takase: Fine Japanese Calligraphy. 'This site is devoted to the work of Master Calligrapher Eri Takase Featuring hundreds of original works of traditional and modern Japanese Calligraphy.'

Myths and Legends of the Bantu by Alice Werner, 1933.
'There is at the present day a widespread and growing interest in the customs, institutions, and folklore of more or less 'primitive' peoples, even among persons who are still a little shy of the word 'anthropology.' This interest is of comparatively recent growth; but when one looks back over the nineteenth century it seems almost incredible that Moffat could write) in 1842, that "a description of the manners and customs of the Bechuanas would be neither very instructive nor very edifying." Twenty years earlier James Campbell, whom one suspects of a secret and shamefaced interest in the subject, apologizes for presenting to the notice of his readers the "absurd and ridiculous fictions" of the same tribe ...'

Arts of the Spanish Americas. 'A sampling of the Museum's holdings of secular and religious arts made in colonial Latin America. Drawn from the collections of several departments, the installation highlights the creativity of artists working during the era of Spanish rule, from the Rio Grande to the Andes, from the period of evangelization through Independence. The installation will include a selection of the Museum's comprehensive collection of Mexican glazed ceramic ware known as Talavera de Puebla, Mexican and Andean textiles and silver, painting and polychrome sculpture from all over the Spanish-speaking Americas and the Philippines, and a group of wooden keros, the traditional ceremonial drinking vessels of the Andes.'
Images.

St. Petersburg. Russian art. 'Russia, or "Muscovy" as it was often called, had rarely been considered a part of Europe before the reign of Czar Peter I (Piotr Alexeievich), known as Peter the Great (r. 1682–1725). His supremacy marked the beginning of the country's "Westernization," whereby the political, economic, and cultural norms of the western European monarchies would become the basis for "civilizing" Russia ... '

Roadside Art Online: The Western Avenue And Vicinity Gallery. 'Chicago's most vibrant art scene is not to be found in the galleries of River North or Wicker Park, but stretching along the city's longest street, Western Avenue. The work in this spontaneous gallery is unpretentious and, for the most part, unheralded. Its functional purpose does nothing to diminish its creativity or its range, from isolated drawings to full-blown art environments. And though these pages include images from all over Chicago, most of them are from Western Avenue itself -- the world's most artistic street. '

E.T. Wickham's Sorrowful Eloquence. 'The fate of E.T. Wickham's historical sculpture park in north central Palmyra, Tennessee, is one of the tragedies of 20th Century folk art. Thirty years of vandalism since his death have left headless bodies where there aren't stumps and bare plinths where even the stumps have disappeared ... '

Halloween 2003 Political Cartoons.

Tibetan Art in the Collection of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Buddha Shakyamuni - Jataka (previous lives).

Tibetan Art in Shanghai Museum.

M16: Stars from Eagle's EGGs. Newborn stars.

Large Sunspot Groups 10484 and 10486. 'Two unusually large sunspot groups are now crossing the face of the Sun. '

Rabble.ca. 'News for the rest of us.'

Domenichino: The Way to Calvary. 'The cross pins Christ to the ground under its weight as he struggles on the way to his Crucifixion. With his mouth parted as if to speak, Christ looks sorrowfully out at the viewer. The large figures and compressed composition enhance the sense of his oppression under the massive cross and the cruelty of his tormentors. '

L. Carracci: St. Sebastian Thrown into the Cloaca Maxima. 'Athough Saint Sebastian is usually depicted bound to a tree or pillar and pierced by arrows, that attempt by the Romans to take his life was unsuccessful. Ludovico Carracci chose to represent the moment after the subsequent deadly beating, when Roman soldiers dumped Sebastian's limp and lifeless body into a sewer. '

Lastman: Resurrection.

Rubens: The Entombment.

Matt Sesow. Self-taught artist.

Jay Marvin. Art brut and outsider art.

Yin Tu Yang: A Chinese Home.

Violin Makers: Nicolo Amati and Antonio Stradivari.

The Development of the Recorder. 'The profile of the modern recorder, in three sections so familiar to grade-school children, emerged in the second half of the seventeenth century, but the recorder's history begins at least two or three centuries earlier. The two earliest extant recorders, both small, plain wooden instruments, date from the fourteenth century, and archival and pictorial evidence survives from the same period. A member of the flute family, the recorder was used for art music in western Europe throughout the fifteenth and sixteenth century. As a musical instrument, the recorder is identified by its whistle mouthpiece (also known as a fipple or duct), by the seven finger holes on the front of the instrument, and by the thumbhole on the back side. Until our time, it was usually made of wood, although occasionally of ivory ... '

North Coastal. A local community journal, north Norfolk.

Tate Archive Journeys. 'Tate is starting to provide online access to parts of its remarkable Archive for the first time. These journeys through three themes from the Tate Archive provide a fascinating insight into Tate's History, the Bloomsbury Group and the art world of the 1960s and 70s as seen through the eyes of the art critic Barbara Reise. We hope that for those discovering our Archive for the first time this is just the beginning of the story... '

John Singleton Copley. Selection of paintings. 'John Singleton Copley (1738–1815) enjoyed a triumphant career in America before his departure for England in 1774. his respect for exacting craftmanship and his familiarity with the history of the visual arts made him the portraitist of choice in America for affluent New Englanders and New Yorkers during the two decades preceding the American Revolution. He appealed to the taste and aspirations of his sitters by depicting them in costumes made of expensive fabrics and surrounded by high style furniture. Copley provided his sitters with individualized likenesses that were psychologically penetrating and at the same time emphasized wealth and social position ... '

American Portraits at the Met. 'Portraits record likenesses, commemorate events, and celebrate human traits. Some include elaborate poses, attributes, and settings, while others are comparatively stark. In this way, each portrait represents a negotiation between the sitter and the artist. By the mid-eighteenth century, portraiture was firmly fixed as the predominant art form in the American colonies. It remained popular and desirable, especially among the country's elite, throughout the nineteenth century. Here are nine special portraits from the Museum's collection, presented with related works and illuminating information.'
Gallery.

Chinese Odes. 'Some of the earliest poetry expressing warm enjoyment of human activities— gathering food, hunting, farming, courtship and marriage, and festivals—is found in the Chinese Book of Odes (sometimes called the Book of Poetry or the Book of Songs). These 305 poems, originating between the 12th and 7th Century BCE, mark the beginning of 3,000 years of Chinese poetry. There is a tradition that they were first compiled by Confucius, who greatly admired them ... '

Tamil Poets. 'Love songs or poems are probably found in every culture. Dealing as they do with an intense emotional experience felt by all, they are also a very old feature of verbal culture. The Tamil love poems given here may have been composed in southern India during the period 400-300 BCE.'

Bushmen Stories. 'At the time these stories were collected (1870-85), the San and !Kun peoples were nomadic hunter-gatherers found in the southern tip of Africa. The San, from which most of the stories were collected, inhabited the Cape Colony and were sometimes referred to as Flat or Grass Bushmen. The !Kun were Bushmen who were encountered beyond Damarland. Although their languages were similar, the two groups could not understand each other. Both languages make use of about five or six different click sounds, which here are not differentiated but indicated by a single exclamation mark. These people may have lived in Africa for over 20,000 years; at one time they probably occupied a large part of the continent. The more robust Bantu populations expanding from the north probably drove the Bushmen southwards ... '

Eskimo Stories.

St. Luke. 'Saint Luke, one of the four evangelists and the patron saint of painters, is shown in the act of writing his Gospel. His attribute, a winged ox in the lower left-hand corner, holds a black inkpot for his pen. A decorative punchmarked halo, made by lightly tapping metal punches onto a gold background with a hammer, surrounds the saint's head. '

The Annunciation, about 1348-1350.

Madonna and Child with Two Angels.

Saint Catherine and a Bishop Saint.

National Ornamental Metal Museum, Memphis, Tennessee. 'The only institution in the Americas devoted exclusively to the preservation and promotion of fine metalwork.'

Fire Museum of Memphis.

Mallory-Neely House. 'The Mallory-Neely House, built in 1852 by Isaac Kirtland, plays an important role in Memphis history. Nestled in the heart of the Victorian Village, the Mallory-Neely House today is a living museum that tells the story of how Memphians lived during the 1800s...'

Elvis Presley official website.

Lowe Museum: Art of the Ancient Americas. 'In 1984, area residents Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Bischoff added examples of Ecuadorian and Colombian art to a collection that represents diverse cultures from Mexico to Chile in all media (ceramic, stone, bone, metal, wood, textiles). Since then, it has more than tripled to 2,359 objects, and represents diverse cultures from Mexico to Chile in all media (ceramic, stone, bone, metal, wood, textiles) ... '
Glyph Stela: Maya.

Wildflowers in Bloom.

Botanical Photos. 'This page is in answer to my frustration of using a dichotomous key to identify plants and not having any pictures to double check my work. The pictures on this page were mostly taken in the Upper Midwest and the Desert Southwest but span most of the United States. As I get more, I will put them up on the page. '

Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery. 'We have attempted to capture numerous images of each plant species for your ease in their identification. Most grasses represented have been photographed in their entirety during their reproductive phase along with close-ups of the inflorescences, spikelets, and other identifiable vegetative characteristics. Most forbs have also been photographed in their entirety during flowering along with close-ups of the flowers, fruits, stems, and leaves. The woody plants represented have been photographed in their entirety as well, but not necessarily during their flowering or fruiting periods. We have focused more on close-ups of their leaves for use in identification, but have included numerous close-ups of flowers and fruits as well ... '
Great photos.

Leopard Hip Pendant, Benin, probably 18th century. 'The art of the Kingdom of Benin (in modern Nigeria) was made to glorify the Oba (divine king) and to enhance the elaborate ritual of his court. The kingdom flourished from before 1400 to the end of the 19th century. In 1897 the British Punitive Expedition violently retaliated against a Benin uprising and plundered the Oba's court of thousands of cast brass and ivory sculptures, introducing Benin art to the rest of the world for the first time. European and American viewers were astonished at the technical sophistication and the beauty of Benin art, which has had a central place in the world's greatest art museums since that time ... '

Male Figure Astride an Animal, Upper Guinea Coast.

Shin Hanga Prints. 'The Shin Hanga movement integrated Western elements without giving up the old values of Japanese, traditional woodblock prints. Instead of blindly imitating Western art styles, the Shin Hanga movement concentrated on traditional subjects like landscapes, beautiful women and actor portraits. Inspired by European Impressionism the Shin Hanga artists introduced the effects of light and the expression of individual moods. The result was a technically superb and compelling new style of Japanese prints ... '

Ukiyoe (Floating World) Art by Utamaro.
More.

Jacob Jordaens: The Judgement of Paris.

Lippo Vanni: Madonna and Child Enthroned with Donors and Saints Dominic and Elizabeth of Hungary.

Bernardino Fungai: Madonna and Child with Saints and Angels.

Gainsborough: Portrait of Mrs. Collins.

Roos: Fruit and Vegetables with Two Monkeys.

Os: Fruit, Flowers and a Fish.

Swayambunatha Stupa, Kathmandu.

Chyasim Krishna Temple, Patan, Nepal.
link

26th October
Historical Portraits. 'Established in 1984 Historical Portraits is the only London Gallery dedicated entirely to the British face and continues to be the world leader in the field of British portraiture. '
Galleries, by artist, sitter or category.

The Museum of Latin American Art.
Exhibitions and virtual tours.

Ukiyo-e Collection of Old Kamimura. 'This picture collection of Juntaro Kamimura, who was born in Yonezawa city in Yamagata prefecture, was donated to this library by his son and heir, Goro, in Showa 11, 1936 ... Most of the pictures are of Kabuki actors, who were the main models. However, pictures depicting daily life, Bijin-ga (pictures of beautiful women), and war pictures drawn after the beginning of the Meiji period are also included. Most of the works are by Toyokuni III, a popular painter at the end of Edo period, who was also known as "Portrait painter (kabuki-e) Toyokuni" followed by those of Kunichika, Yoshitoshi, Chikanobu, and Kuniyoshi. '

The Atlantic: Twenty from the Twentieth Century. 'Founded in 1857, The Atlantic Monthly has been published continuously for almost a century and a half. Yet here at the close of the twentieth century it seems fitting to focus on just the past hundred years of The Atlantic's history. Drawing exclusively from our existing online archive, we have selected articles that, we believe, not only represent their particular moment in time but also capture, perhaps timelessly, some important aspect of the century as a whole, offering a vista across the span of decades, wars, discoveries, and struggles, and providing some insight into the human condition. '
'The vista is indeed a remarkable one. From W.E.B. DuBois's famous statement, in 1901, that "the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line," to Benjamin Barber's characterization of globalization, in 1992, as "Jihad vs. McWorld"; from John Maynard Keynes's assessment of the world's economy, in 1932, to William Greider's account, in 1981, of the disillusionment of David Stockman, Ronald Reagan's first budget director; from the poems of Robert Frost, in 1915, to the words of Pablo Picasso, in 1957; from Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail," in 1963, to Nicholas Lemann's history of the underclass, in 1986; from William James on the century's prospects for peace, in 1904, to Albert Einstein on the threat of nuclear war, in 1947—we hope that this selection of a mere twenty Atlantic articles will at least suggest the scope of events, ideas, and lives that made the last century of the second millennium what it was ... '

American Elf: The Sketchbook Diaries of James Kochalka.

Algonquin Nation Tribal Council.

Feng Shui, or, the Rudiments of Natural Science in China. 'This is a short monograph about Feng Shui, written by a European in the 19th century. Eitel is somewhat dismissive of Chinese culture, but he grudgingly admits that there may be some grain of truth in Feng Shui.'
'Feng Shui is much more than a way of arranging furniture for good luck. The Chinese geomancers have a very intricate set of beliefs with roots in Animism, Taoism and Confucianism. Feng shui teaches that the earth has rivers of energy, much like the meridians in the human body of the acupuncturists. Feng shui also takes into account stellar alignments, including some mysterious invisible stars in the north which don't seem to correspond to a present-day constellation ... '

Red Ants and the Santali Boy. 'The shores of the Bhagirati river not only have exotic views, but also provide education on human nature, the life of insects, and their co-existence. The author narrates experiences while living in rural Bengal amongst the Santal tribals. Excerpted from Kannada Original Iruveya Iruvu. Experience occurred in 1969, in the village of Plassey in West Bengal.'

Indian Popular Culture: 'The Conquest of the World as Picture'. 'Indian cities offer a cornucopia of images: from brilliant billboards along the streets and facades, Bollywood posters in taxis, buses, restaurants and shops, to film, a steadily growing number of magazines, and the new omnipresence of the TV screen ... '

Digital Museum for Toyohara Kunichika. Ukiyo-e.

Robin Hood and His Adventures. 'This is Paul Creswick's able retelling of the Robin Hood myth. The Robin Hood narrative first surfaced as a short mention in Piers Plowman, and accreted details through folk-tales, ballad, literature, and of course, cinema. Like other English literary productions such as King Arthur or Sherlock Holmes, the fact that Robin Hood is a fiction is almost irrelevant; people want to believe that he was an actual historical personage. Creswick's version of this tale brings it to life, and the luminous Wyeth illustrations complete the picture ... '

Forever Dada. Animated political cartoons.

The Origins of Popular Superstitions and Customs, 1910.

Arrival of Saint Ursula at Cologne, about 1330.

St. Catherine of Alexandria: Scenes from Her Life.

The Stigmatization of St. Francis, and Angel Crowning Saints Cecilia and Valerian.

The Moon and All the Crashes.

Modern Art from Africa. Photo gallery.

Amber and creatures preserved in it. Thanks, Dinesh.

The Genocide Monument. 'In 1994 about 800,000 people were killed in Rwanda...'

Ghosts of the Prairie. Haunted America; many great articles.

How to Create Fake Photos of Ghosts.

Haunted Places.

Trailer Ghosts. Haunted mobile homes.

Web Ukiyo-e. A fascinating site which compares woodblock prints with contemporary photographs of Meiji/Taisho Japan. Text all in Japanese.

Vintage Japanese Postcards. 'Over the years I collected a number of postcards from Japan ranging from 1900 to 1950 - part of this collection is presented here.'

Marthe Nso Abomo. 'wish you a warm welcome to this exhibition throughout the Bamoun. I am Cameroonese, from the department of Dja et Lobo (Sangmlima), and I am a member of the Boulous tribe. The Bamoun are my ancestors, they are also called the Bamilks from the royal court of Ndjoya ...'

Kheto Lualuali. 'The artwork of the Mozambican artist Kheto Lualuali can be divided in seven different phases; according to him they represent his 'archives', made of different artistic forms and styles, or techniques that the artist tries to develop continuously. These phases are totally separate from each other, each has its own style, without mixture, although they refer to the same artist ... '

Down County Museum, Northern Ireland. 'The museum collects, conserves and exhibits artefacts relating to the history of County Down from the earliest times until today. Our aim is to enhance appreciation of the history, culture and environment of the County through the organisation of exhibitions, activities and events which are informative, accessible and relevant to the local community and our visitors ... '

Shiva, King of Dancers. 'The Hindu god Shiva dances the universe into and out of existence. The sound of his drum heralds its creation; his burning flame signals its final conflagration. In his dance, Shiva tramples on the demon of forgetfulness, shown in the form of an infant. The cycle of timepast, present, and futureruns through the circle of flames within which he dances.'

Nandi. 'Nandi is a zebu, a species of Indian bull with a large hump over the shoulders and a droopy dewlap. He is intimately associated with the Hindu deity Shiva. He is the animal form of the god and his most ardent devotee. Carved from a block of granite, this sculpture comes from Tamil Nadu in South India, where images of Nandi are often placed before the entrance to a Shiva temple, facing the inner shrine. '

Rembrandt: Belshazzar's Feast.

Rembrandt: Ecce Homo.

Rembrandt: The Adoration of the Shepherds.

Rembrandt: The Lamentation over the Dead Christ.

Rembrandt: Self Portrait at the Age of 34.

Gullies on Mars.

The Yardangs of Mars.

A Square Sun. 'Isn't the Sun round? Yes, but in the above picture, the Earth's atmosphere makes it appear almost square. '
link

25th October
W.B. Yeats: The Celtic Twilight. 'This short and well-loved book is a series of essays by Yeats on Irish folklore, particularly the Fairies and other supernatural beings. Yeats, a key figure in the Celtic literary revivial at the turn of the 20th Century, also moved in occult circles and knew many of the key figures of the Golden Dawn. He served as a Senator of the Irish free state and won the Nobel prize for literature in 1923. Yeats' writings entered in the public domain in 1999.'

The Mysteries of Mithra, by Franz Cumont, 1903. Illustrated.

Luxton Museum of the Plains Indian. 'The Buffalo Nations Cultural Society invites you to explore the extraordinary history of the Indians of the Northern Plains and Canadian Rockies. Journey through the collections of the Luxton Museum of the Plains Indian in Banff, Alberta and relive the period when people followed great buffalo herds, hauling their tipis and equipment by travois. Experience a time when preparing food and shelter meant pounding berries and meat for pemmican and scrapping hides for tipis. Return to the days when Europeans discovered a native culture rich in elaborate ceremonies, dances, songs and legends associated with nature and the spirit world.'
'The Collections of the Luxton Museum of the Plains Indian aims to provide Canadians with a better understanding and appreciation of native societies ... '

Pipestone, Minnesota. 'This latest National Register of Historic Places Travel itinerary highlights 30 historic places that illustrate the history of this extraordinary region, including architecturally stunning buildings constructed with beautiful local red stone, exemplary civic buildings, and land still sacred to American Indians. The importance of the city of Pipestone was recently recognized by the Preservation Alliance of Minnesota in May 2001 when it was designated as one of the ten most endangered historic properties in the state. '

The Amana Colonies, Iowa. 'The National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places, the Amana Colonies Convention and Visitors Bureau, the Amana Heritage Society, the Iowa State Historic Preservation Office, the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, and the National Alliance of Preservation Commissions (NAPC) invite you to discover the Amana Colonies, a historic utopian society located in the rolling hills of Iowa's River Valley. The Amana Colonies were established shortly before the Civil War by a group of German-speaking European settlers who belonged to a religious group known as the Community of True Inspiration. Here they began a communal system of living divided into seven different villages, and encompassing over 20,000 acres of land. This latest National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary explores 31 historic places that illustrate the fascinating history of one of the longest lasting communal societies in the world. '

Aboriginal Painting of Arnhem Land. 'The region has been occupied by people for at least 50 000 years and the evidence of occupation and art is the oldest in the country (see How old is Australia's Rock Art?). Art and cultural traditions of great strength continue to the present day. There has also been a long tradition of contact and connection with outside cultures, through visits and trading with sailors from South East Asia. This is reflected in a number of ways, including the appearance of Macassan boats and figures in art images and more recently the incorporation of European influences into traditional iconography by artists who have taken up Christian beliefs alongside their traditonal culture. '

Ishikawa Toraji Gallery. Japanese art from the Thirties.
Blue Cockatoo.
Black Cat.
Reading.

Ito Shinsui: Twelve Forms of New Beauties.

Ito Shinsui: First Series of Modern Beauties.

Ito Shinsui: Second Series of Modern Beauties.

Haunted Architecture.

Mariana Alberti: My Story: An Immigrant Laundry Worker Tries to Form a Union. 'With the serpentine hiss of the press, a thick cloud of steam is sent into the air of the laundry room as I iron another sheet. This is my livelihood, and I feel that I am a very skilled worker who deserves far better treatment and more respect on the job than what I am getting. '
'I work very hard everyday from 7am sharp until whenever my boss decides to allow me to go home for the evening. I always make sure to put great care and concern into every detail of every task that I am assigned. '
'My name is Mariana Alberti. I began working at Sterling Laundry in 1992, but was illegally terminated for trying to form a union. When the supervisors changed I was able to get my job back, and I've now been an employee of Sterling Laundry for more six months. Sterling's workers are currently on strike due to the harsh retaliation we faced while trying to form a union, which we wished to create to ensure affordable health benefits, higher wages and better treatment on the job ... '

The Homeric Hymn to Demeter. 'I begin to sing of rich-haired Demeter, awful goddess -- of her and her trim-ankled daughter whom Aidoneus [Hades] rapt away, given to him by all-seeing Zeus the loud-thunderer. Apart from Demeter, lady of the golden sword and glorious fruits, she was playing with the deep-bosomed daughters of Oceanus and gathering flowers over a soft meadow, roses and crocuses and beautiful violets, irises also and hyacinths and the narcissus which Earth made to grow at the will of Zeus and to please the Host of Many, to be a snare for the bloom-like girl -- a marvellous, radiant flower. It was a thing of awe whether for deathless gods or mortal men to see: from its root grew a hundred blooms and it smelled most sweetly, so that all wide heaven above and the whole earth and the sea's salt swell laughed for joy ... '

Girolamo di Carpo: The Holy Family. 'In this rare painting by Girolamo da Carpi, the Virgin clasps her baby to her breast as though trying to protect him from his destiny of Crucifixion and suffering. Girolamo enhanced the emotional tension by setting his figures against an almost black background, and, in typical Mannerist fashion, pushing them to the forefront of a tightly confined space. '

Islands in the Photosphere. Drawing sunspots.

Carpet Hunt. Carpet with pictorial design. Northern India, Lahore, late 16th or early 17th century. Online exploration.

Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. 'The Metropolitan Museum of Art's on-line exploration of Indian carpets of the Mughal era was created in conjunction with the international exhibition "Flowers Underfoot" (November 20, 1997 - March 1, 1998). Examples from the collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art illustrate the exceptionally high artistic achievement of Indian carpet weaving during the late sixteenth through the eighteenth century. The painterly skill and sensitivity of the carpet weavers is evident in the pictorial and floral designs of magnificent carpets created for palaces and tents.'

Universes in Collision: Men and Women in 19th Century Japanese Prints. 'In the beginning, woman was the sun." As the Japanese writer Hiratsuka Raicho noted in 1911, the origin and symbol of Japan is the sun-goddess. This eternally rising glory was perhaps incarnated in early Japanese history by powerful empresses, priestesses and female poets. Japan's greatest writer, the medieval novelist Murasaki Shikibu, was a woman whose genius combined Shakespearean might with Proustian refinement. Such a fusion of might and refinement characterizes much of the best of Japanese art and life. For swaggering machismo may tremble and weep with poetic sensitivity and female obedience be a treasure-house of steadfast integrity and courageous sincerity. Both swords and cherry blossoms are sacred emblems of fateful purity. Flower and sword: Which is purer? Which is stronger? All is duty - all passes like dew ... '
Great exhibit.

Hiroshige: A Shoal of Fishes. Japanese prints of fishes.

Eocene Fossils. 'The Eocene fossil specimens shown on these pages are adjunct to a large research collection presently curated at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. '
Diptera, or flies.
Coleoptera, or beetles.

The Barringer Meteorite Crater, Arizona.
'The Barringer Meteorite Crater (also known as "Meteor Crater") is a gigantic hole in the middle of the arid sandstone of the Arizona desert. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater itself is nearly a mile wide, and 570 feet deep. '
'When Europeans first discovered the crater, the plain around it was covered with chunks of meteoritic iron - over 30 tons of it, scattered over an area 8 to 10 miles in diameter ... '

Dogon Houses. 'To defend against attacks by warriors, the Dogons have built their houses in the shelter of the pink sandstone cliffs of Bandiagara. The clay houses are hard to get at.'

African Nomads. 'Over the centuries, many semi-nomadic and nomadic cultures have inhabited the desert environments which stretch across the African continent. Pastoral peoples continue to live in these harsh habitats. Their inventive architectural responses reflect timeless, sophisticated thought processes and involve cultural strategies ... '
More nomads.

Christians in Ethiopia. 'The kingdom of Aksum officially adopted Christianity in the 4th century. But it wasn't before the 12th century (and up until the 15th) that Christianity spread, along with the Christian state, to the highlands of central Ethiopia. A remarkable collection of rock-hewn churches dates from this era. They were associated with monks, who were considered on a level with saints and whose lives were often recorded in writing. These monuments and manuscripts are still very important today as the living memory of Ethiopia's Christians ... '

Seeing Change Over Time: Duluth Minnesota, 1870-1913. Four panoramic photos.

Taking Photographs From Tall Buildings: Boston, Massachusetts.

Historic Panoramas: Fires. Chicago, Baltimore, New York.

Historic Panoramas: Cyclones & Earthquakes. San Francisco, Baytown (TX), Corpus Christi.

A Civil War Journal. 'This web site journal presents the battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863 and its aftermath in the words of the men from Winona County's Company K who were at the center of this significant battle of the Civil War . Letters written by Alfred Carpenter, Jane Ely (mother of Charles) Charles Ely, Charles Goddard, William Lochren, and Matthew Marvin as well as a lengthy account of the battle by Alfred Carpenter and portions of Mathew Marvin's Diary are transcribed from the original manuscripts. The original letters and manuscripts are located in the History Center, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota and the Archives, Winona County Historical Society, Winona, Minnesota. Brief biographies of the authors of the letters are included with, in some cases, photographs in the Manuscript Section of this web site. Also included in this web site journal are contemporary official documents and reports on the battle; newspaper articles; photographs and drawings; and 19th and 20th century articles on the First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment's role in this great battle. '

Velazquez: The Immaculate Conception.

Vermeer: A Young Woman Standing at a Virginal.

Ostade: An Alchemist.

Ostade: A Peasant Courting an Elderly Woman. Two elderly lovers.

Dou: A Poulterer's Shop. 'Dou popularised 'niche' pictures of this type, showing an interior seen through an aperture. '
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24th October
Reporters Sans Frontieres: World Press Freedom Rankings. Via MeFi.

WW2 Concentration Camps: Photographs. From the Cybrary of the Holocaust.

Belomorkanal. 'On 2 August 1933, the 'White Sea-Baltic Canal in the name of Stalin' was officially opened. In Russian the canal is called the Belomorsko-baltiysky kanal, or shortened to 'Belomorkanal'. It is a vital link between St. Petersburg (Leningrad) and the White Sea, constructed between 1930 and 1933, mostly by penal labor. Possibly 150.000 convicts worked on the project, digging 37 km. of the canal through hard rock and building 19 large wooden locks, with little mechanical equipment. They were 'enemies of the people' - farmers, political prisoners and criminals - and lived in guarded camps. The hard labor was officially meant to 'reforge' them, to make new men of them who would be good Soviet citizens. In reality, their life was cheap. Tens of thousands of convicts died under the harsh conditions ... '

Photo Album Van Marken. 'Manufacturer J.C. van Marken was one of the first Dutch entrepreneurs who took care of the social welfare of his employees. This photo album from the archive of Jules Prudhommeaux shows pictures of the 'social institutions' which Van Marken realised around 1895 in Agnetapark (Delft). The album measures 9.5 x 12.5 cm and consists of 33 photos.'

Sylvain Marechal. 'On 15 August 1750 one of the most radical socialist atheists of all times was born in Paris. Sylvain Maréchal, a poet whose Manifest of the Equals was too much even for the egalitarian conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf, was the author of an Almanach des Honnêtes Gens, in which he proposed a new calendar replacing the names of the Saints with those of the "benefactors of humanity" -- philosophers, writers and scientists. '

August Fabre: Les Sky Scratchers. 'In 1896 Auguste Fabre, a Frenchman involved in the cooperative movement, wrote a short book about American skyscrapers. The phenomenon was still so new that he used the English word "Sky Scratchers". The book exudes an atmosphere of 19th-century progress and optimism. Fabre sees skyscrapers as the solution to the housing problems of workers and advances a series of arguments why they are thé solution. They are practical, they are hygienic, they are safe, they can be divided easily ... '

Zo d'Axa. 'Adventurer, traveller, anti-militarist, individualist, satirist, journalist, founder of two of the most legendary French magazines of the 1890s, L'Endehors and La Feuille, Zo d'Axa (1864-1930) led a turbulent life. '

Salon Comics. Tom Tomorrow, WayLa, the K Chronicles, Tom the Dancing Bug, the Dark Hotel, Lynda Barry, Mark Fiore.

Japanese Screen and Partition Paintings (Shoheiga).

Japanese Buddhist Painting (Butsuga).

Japanese Ink Painting (Suibokuga).

Japanese Literati Painting (Bunjinga).

Swansea Heritage. Local and folk history in South Wales.

Plain Layne - The Archives. Worth reading from beginning to end.

Conveying History Through Song. 'In late 1961 the civil rights movement burst upon the scene in Albany, Georgia, as that town's African-American population galvanized to stand against segregation. A mass meeting at the Mount Zion Baptist Church was packed with people, from student activists to comfortable, middle-aged conservatives ... '

In Honour of Struggle. 'Going through old files, Bunch tracked his ancestors to about 1800, when one of them, a slave, apparently took the plantation owner's name. "What I took from this was a new appreciation of slavery: people's ability to survive; the way they kept families together despite all efforts to split them up. What I want to have here is not just a macro sense of what slavery was like but a specific sense of individuals. I would give anything to make sure the old woman in that picture is not forgotten." '

traced, real life comics. 'welcome to traced, a serial comic about my not so comic life. '

Narbonic. Online comic.

Something Positive. 'A webcomic with chocolate fnord.'

Life with Leslie. 'My daily life condensed into a tragically short series of comic strips.'

Old Man River. Lore of the upper Mississippi. Many images.
'In the heart of North America lies one of the world's greatest rivers, the Mighty Mississippi, which begins as a tiny brook and 2,350 miles later empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Along the way it acts as a watershed for over 1.2 million square miles and includes tributary rivers from 32 states and two Canadian provinces. The Ojibway Indians of northern Minnesota called it "Messipi" or "Big River," and it was also known as the "Mee-zee-see-bee" or the "Father of Waters." ... '

Civil War Letters of the Christie Family. '1861, two brothers, having just purchased a farm in Southern Minnesota, enlisted in the First Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery. Although neither expected a long tour of duty, William and Thomas Christie served in the First Minnesota Battery through June 1865. Their younger brother, Alexander, enlisted in an infantry regiment in fall 1864.'
'All three brothers were excellent writers, and each wrote extensively while in the Army. Their letters, full of revealing observations on war, society, and contemporary politics, are contained within the James C. Christie and family papers at the Minnesota Historical Society.'
'Digital images of some of the most interesting letters from the collection are provided here ... '

Forests, Fields and the Falls. Interconnected Minnesota lives from a lumber camp, a sawmill, a farm, and a flour mill.

The Duluth Lynchings.

Yakushae. Great collection of Japanese actor prints.
Arashi Kichisaburo II.

Two Views of Kabuki. Kabuki theatre and ukiyo-e.
'One of the most popular kabuki plays is kanadehon chushingura or The Treasury of Loyal Retainers. It dates to 1748 and is based on a celebrated incident from earlier in the century. However, the play removes the action to the 14th century. The play tells how a villain named Ko no Moronao humiliated Enya Hangan. Seized by anger Hangan drew his sword in the shogunal palace of Kamakura and was then obligated as a matter of honor to commit suicide. His loyal retainers avenge his death by killing Moronao with the same sword that their master used to take his own life. They behead the villain and present the head at their slain master's grave as an offering. Bound by the Warrior's Code of the Bushido, which values honor over life, the 47 retainers commit suicide together after righting the wrong inflicted upon Hangan. '
'This eleven act play was often illustrated in ukiyo-e prints. The online exhibition, Two Views of Kabuki, features selected scenes from the acts executed by two different artists, Utagawa Kuniaki and Utagawa Fusatane. While these two series were published only ten years apart, they provide two distinct points of view. Kuniaki concentrates on the celebrated actors of kabuki while Fusatane provides a panoramic view of the stage. Together, their works provide insight into the world of kabuki theater and into Japanese society in general. '

Photos of the Dogon Tribes of Mali. 'The Dogon people moved to the Bandiagara Escarpment in the 15th century, successfully escaping Muslim expansion and preserving their traditions and culture. Dogon farmers have created green oases around their cliffside villages by constructing irrigation channels. The contain are the Dogon ancestral burial caves, which span over a thousand miles of the escarpment. construction appears identical to those found in the southwestern United States, where the Anasazi Indians lived over a thousand years ago. While the Anasazi ruins, like Hovenweep or Mesa Verde, are few and abandoned long ago, the Dogon still occupy and continue to build the same cliff dwellings today ... '

Photos of Timbuktu. 'Timbuktu, in French ("Tombouctou") means "well of the woman named 'Bouctou'". And "Bouctou" is a word that means, "belly button". On the right is a picture of the original well that was owned by the woman named, Bouctou because of her great belly-button), and it was the meeting place for tradesmen who would travel across Africa from the North, East and South, to barter their goods with the West Africans, who came from...well, West Africa. Because Timbuktu is so remote, and so desolate, and incredibly difficult to get to -- not just because of the terrain and heat (110 degrees is common), but because of the bandits who would rob everyone going in and out of the city -- rumors spread about the true nature of the city ... '

Jerome Hill Papers. A Minnesota artist. 'Jerome Hill was an energetic and versatile artist who used his financial resources to develop and fund fellow artists.'
Jerome Hill biography.

Pearls at the American Museum of Natural History.

Amrita - The Celestial Nectar. 'This legend is of great importance both in Saivite and Vaishnavite system of beliefs. The devas and the asuras (gods and demons) united in their efforts to churn the celestial ocean of milk (ksheerasaagaram), in quest of Amrita (the nectar of life and immortality). This mammoth task was carried out with the Mandara Mount as the churning stick and the mythological snake Vasuki as the rope ... '

The Birth of Ganesha. 'Ganesha the elephant faced God is one of the most popularly worshipped forms of divinity - as a remover of obstacles and the embodiment of good luck, in the Indian system of beliefs and practices.'

The Flathead Tribe. Images. 'From their reservation in western Montana came a delegation of 15 Flatheads (Selish), the historic tribe of De Smet and Ravalli, accompanied by several Spokan (Sihqomen) and Coeur d' Alene (Kalispiel). These three tribes were closely associated and spoke nearly similar Salishan dialects. They also had the same dress and general appearance ... '
The Indian Congress of 1898.

The Milky Way over the French Alps.

Jupiter, Moons and Bees. 'Rising before the Sun on September 4, Jupiter and an old cresent Moon gathered in the dim constellation of Cancer. Watching from a hillside near Austin, Texas, planet Earth, astrophotographer Russell Croman recorded this view of their passing as clouds gracefully dimmed the brilliant moonlight. '

Claude: The Enchanted Castle.

Claude: Landscape with Narcissus and Echo.

Claude: Landscape with Hagar and the Angel.

Claude: Seaport with the Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba.

Claude: A View in Rome.
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23rd October
Ourselves Our Place. The folk history of Sheffield.
'On this site you'll find stories and images collected from people living in north Sheffield. They paint a picture of an area, but more importantly, they will give you a privileged insight into the personal recollections and private passions that shape us - from making a living to falling in love, from bringing up a family to nights out on the town. '
'The stories range from the 1920s to the present day. Parson Cross, Southey, Shirecliffe and Foxhill are the main areas represented.'

Posters American Style. 'Posters American Style, which accompanies a touring exhibition of the same name, brings together some of the great graphic images made in the United States over the past century.'

Gods, Ghosts, & Ancestors: Folk Religion in a Taiwanese Village.

The Chinese in California, 1850-1925. 'The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 illustrates nineteenth and early twentieth century Chinese immigration to California through about 8,000 images and pages of primary source materials. Included are photographs, original art, cartoons and other illustrations; letters, excerpts from diaries, business records, and legal documents; as well as pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, sheet music, and other printed matter. These documents describe the experiences of Chinese immigrants in California, including the nature of inter-ethnic tensions. They also document the specific contributions of Chinese immigrants to commerce and business, architecture and art, agriculture and other industries, and cultural and social life in California. '

Images of African-Americans Illuminate a Proud Past.
Civil War soldier and companion.
Family wedding scene, 1860.
'A girl wearing a dark dress is a nurse and companion to her master's child.'

Africans in America. PBS site.

Apocalypse Then: Durer to the Twentieth Century. 'Apocalyptic thinking may have been fostered on January 1, 2000 with a large digital rollover, but human beings have never been limited by the calendar in their speculation about the end of things. Apocalyptic literature goes back more than 2,500 years: the book most usually called the Apocalypse, the Revelation of John that stands at the end of the Christian Scriptures, drew heavily on the Hebrew prophetic books of Isaiah, Ezekiel and Daniel... '
Gallery.

Melancolia I: Durer in the UCLA Grunwald Centre for the Graphic Arts.

Historical American Currency Exhibit at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

Jukka Korhonen. Wonderful photography site.

Orange Tango. Online comic.

The Journal Comic by Drew Weing.

Yossi Lemel. Israeli poster artist.

Anje and Jan Ladage Photography. Not work safe.

Stained Glass Photography is even bigger and better than before.

The New York Review of Books celebrates 40 years (thanks, jp).

Slave Songs of the United States. William Francis Allen, 1830-1889, Charles Pickard Ware, 1840-1921, and Lucy McKim Garrison, 1842-1877.

A Walk Through Time. The history of timekeeping. Great stuff.

Clepsydra from Rees's Clocks, Watches and Chronometers, 1819.

Dogon-Lobi. Photos of West African life - the River Niger, Malian architecture, etc. Great site.

Munyaradzi. Father and son, Henry and Mike Munyaradzi; Zimbabwean sculptors in the Shona tradition.

The Golden Age of the Celestial Atlas. 'Welcome to our exhibition, celebrating the most glorious of scientific books, the celestial atlas. This electronic catalog will serve as a guide to the exhibition, but will also utilize the unique advantages of hypertext media to explore the history of celestial cartography from many vantage points ... '

Miniature Museum of Great St. Louis. 'Welcome to the "virtual" home of the Miniature Museum of Greater St. Louis. Our museum opened June 27, 2001 and features dollhouse miniatures in all scales. '
Miniature needlework.
Collection images.

The Fifties. Photo gallery of young adults in Fifties Missouri.
'The link at the end of this page will connect you to a web site that gives access to almost one hundred photographs taken on just a few occasions in Ladue, Clayton and St. Louis County during the late fifties ... '

The Shiva Lingam. 'The non antrhropomorphic Lingam form of Shiva is what is held in reverence in temples all over the sub continent. The Lingam is a symbol. It is a symbol of that which is invisible yet omnipresent. It is hence a a visible symbol of the Ultimate Reality which is present in us (and in all objects of creation ) ... '

Iconic Representations of Shiva.

Velazquez: The Rokeby Venus.

Velazquez: Christ after the Flagellation.

Velazquez: Kitchen Scene with Christ in the House of Martha and Mary.

Yoshitoshi: New Forms of Thirty-Six Ghosts.

Yoshitoshi: One Hundred Views of the Moon. The whole series - amazing.

Dogon Mask Dance, Mali.

Hip Mama. 'Hip Mama is a magazine bursting with political commentary and ribald tales from the front lines of motherhood. Edited and published by Ariel Gore and Bee Lavender, the zine started as a forum for young mothers, single parents, and marginalized voices, but has grown to represent progressive families of all varieties. Hip Mama maintains the editorial vision that qualified it for the title "conservative America's worst nightmare." Articles about legislative reform, raising a draft dodger, and guerrilla mothering rub shoulders with celebrity interviews, heartfelt reader essays, and evocative poetry ... '

High Country News. 'For people who care about the American West.'
'High Country News is a bi-weekly newspaper that reports on the West's natural resources, public lands, and changing communities. Covering 11 western states, from the Great Plains to the Northwest, and from the Northern Rockies to the desert Southwest, High Country News is a respected source for environmental news, analysis and commentary on water, logging, wildlife, grazing, wilderness, growth and other issues changing the face of the West. '
'High Country News has been interpreting the West since its founding in Wyoming 30 years ago by a rancher and environmentalist, Tom Bell. Now published from Paonia, Colorado, High Country News is the primary project of the non-profit High Country Foundation ... '

Van Dyck: The Balbi Children.

Van Dyck: Equestrian Portrait of Charles I.
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21st October
Sites of Conscience.

Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. 'The Très Riches Heures is the classic example of a medieval book of hours. This was a collection of the text for each liturgical hour of the day - hence the name - which often included other, supplementary, texts. Calendars, prayers, psalms and masses for certain holy days were commonly included. '

The Burnet Psalter. 'Welcome to the online version of the Burnet Psalter. This fifteenth-century manuscript (AUL MS 25) was bequeathed to Marischal College, Aberdeen by one of its most famous graduates, Gilbert Burnet (1643-1715), Bishop of Salisbury, historian, theological writer, and adviser to William III.'
'This site provides full-page images (text and illustration) and details from the manuscript.'

Steven Baigel: Tibet and Nepal Photographs.

Buchenwald. An online history.

Michigan Department of Health Posters, 1924.

Michigan's State Capitols. Historic photographs.

The Two Million Dollar Ride. Michigan's nineteenth century bankrupt railway.

The Malcolm X Reference Archive.

The Official Web Site of Malcolm X.

Views of Dharamsala. Photos.

Streets of Dharamsala.

People of Dharamsala.

Tourist's Pocket Map of Michigan, 1839.

Wartime Letter by Ulysses S. Grant.

The Art Deco Society of California.

The Anarchist Library.

Pissing in the Snow. Selection of obscene Missouri folktales.
'One time there was two farmers that lived out on the road to Carico. They was always good friends, and Bill's oldest boy had been a-sparking one of Sam's daughters. Everything was going fine till the morning they met down by the creek, and Sam was pretty goddam mad. "Bill," says he, "from now on I don't want that boy of yours to set foot on my place."
' "Why, what's he done?" asked the boy's daddy.
' "He pissed in the snow, that's what he done, right in front of my house!"
'But surely, there ain't no great harm in that," Bill says ... '

Ole Rabbit an' de Dawg He Stole. An African-American folktale collected by Mary Alicia Owen and published in the Journal of American Folklore, 1890.

Toshidama. Japanese prints explored.

Art of Burkina Faso. African masks.

The Artist's Eye, the Diviner's Insight. The Maurer collection of items used in divination rights in Central and West Africa; just excellent.
'When Barry D. Maurer, a lawyer and book collector, became interested in collecting African art, he decided to focus upon ritual artifacts used in rites of divination in Central and West Africa. Within a few years he assembled a remarkable collection that is unique in its focus and cultural breadth. Portions of the collection, such as the Luba kakishi, reveal the artistry of a single people and the variety of styles employed by carvers in various Luba sub-cultures. As Maurer recognized, the widespread use of kakishi, each charming in its own right, provides a splendid basis for art-historical and stylistic analyses. In a note from Marc L. Felix, through whom Maurer collected many of his Central Africa artworks, the kakishi on the left (fig. 1a) was probably made by the "master carver attached to the court of King Ksongo Niembo since it has the same features as adzes and staffs which we know came from that workshop" (9 July 1988). Similar ritual artifacts used by the neighboring Songye people known as katatora exhibit an entirely different style to depict the human head and face in terms of geometric forms in contrast to the Luba's more representational presentation ... '

Shani Gallery. African and tribal masks, carvings, bronzes, and musical instruments.

The Cosmic Dance of Shiva.

Slaying of the Demon Gajaasuran. Shiva as destroyer of evil.

Shifter's Clocks. Metal art clocks.

Build My Church. The churches of Brother Adrian Wewer, with images; from the Missouri Folklore Society.
'Complexity theorists speak about a Tokyo butterfly that flaps its wings, and, by this action, causes a hurricane in Florida; all of nature is interconnected and small things have unforseen consequences. So too with human lives. If one had seen young Antonius Wewer hammering his first nail into a board in Harswinkel, Germany, in the 1840's, one could never have dreamed of the religious impact he would have on the United States and its Catholics, during the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries ... '

Missouri Ballads.

Harvesting the Hardwoods: Logging, Lumbering and Forestry in Southern Appalachia.

Caravaggio: The Supper at Emmaus.

Caravaggio: Salome Receives the Head of Saint John the Baptist.

Murillo: Christ Healing the Paralytic at the Pool of Bethesda.

Murillo: Two Trinities. 'The subject is a comparatively rare one, which occurs occasionally in the Netherlands and Spain in the 17th century. It derived from the Gospel episode of the return of Jesus from the Temple with Mary and Saint Joseph, the three figures forming an "earthly" trinity with the dove and the figure of God the Father representing the "heavenly" Trinity ... '

Murillo: The Infant Saint John with the Lamb.

Jupiter Unpeeled.

Jupiter's Brain.
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20th October
Gathering the Jewels. Welsh culture online. 'The goal of the project was to put the cream of Wales' cultural history, from repositories throughout Wales, on the Internet for people to learn from and enjoy. '

Inside Out Productions. Outsider art created by people with developmental disabilities.

Hawaiian Starlight. Astronomy images.

Dancing Gods: Indian Ceremonials of New Mexico and Arizona.

Jomyogen-ron (Commentary on the Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra). 'The eight-volume Jomyogen-ron is a research work on the Yuimakyo (Vimalakirti-Nirdesa) sutra. It was written by Kajo Daishi Kichizo (549-623, Priest Jizang of Jiaxiang temple), who established the Buddhist School of Three Ideologies in Sui Dynasty China. '

Calligraphic Frames and Plates for Zen Temples.

Monjushirimon Bodaikyo (Manjusri Bodhi Sutra). 'This is a representative example of sutras copied in silver on dark blue paper from the Korean Koryo Dynasty. According to the postscript, this is one volume of a complete, silver-charactered Daizokyo Sutra (the complete collection of Buddhist scriptures) given as a religious offering in 1276 by Chungnyol, the King of Koryo, who reigned from 1275 to 1308...'

On the Seventeenth Day. Calligraphy of Wang Xizhi.

Prehistoric Arts of the Eastern Mediterranean.

Mise en Page: The Art of Composing on Paper. 'If you've ever let your imagination run free while doodling, you'll recognize mise en page, an aesthetic quality prized in the work of old master drawings. French for "placement on the page," the term refers to an artist's arrangement of forms across a sheet. This exhibition of works selected from the Getty Museum's own collection traces the development of mise en page from its earliest expression in Renaissance sketches to its ultimate refinement by 18th-century French artists such as Jean-Antoine Watteau...'

Landscapes of Myth. 'Greece is one of the most—and least—illustrated lands, at once a place of myth and a mythologized place. This exhibition presents maps and travel books, paintings, theatrical scenery, prints, and photographs, all of which created strong visual traditions for the ways that Greece, past and present, was depicted and understood. The works range from the late 1400s to the end of the 1800s, a period when ancient stories and their settings were rediscovered and became an essential part of European culture ... '

The Medieval Bestseller: Illuminated Books of Hours. 'Books of hours contain devotional texts designed to aid private prayer, and they were often lavishly illuminated. Because no other book was created in greater quantity in the late Middle Ages, the book of hours has come to be called the medieval bestseller. This exhibition from the Getty's permanent collection explores manuscripts dating from the mid-1100s to the mid-1500s, including illuminated books of hours and their earlier monastic precursors, psalters and breviaries ... '

Orazio Gentilesci in Genoa: Paintings for the Palazzo Sauli. 'The Italian painter Orazio Gentileschi (1563–1639) was the most innovative follower of Caravaggio (1571–1610), whose emphasis on realism and dramatic lighting revolutionized painting in the early 1600s. Gentileschi adopted Caravaggio's methods, including the practice of working directly from posed models, but he tempered realism with his own lyrical sense of beauty...'

Greuze the Draftsman.

How to Write a Thank-You Note.

How to Have a Successful Threesome.

Fernando Botero. Colombian artist. Via Internet Weekly.

Dragon Robes of China's Last Dynasty. Via Internet Weekly.

Learn Welsh. Thanks to salmonberry @ MeFi.

Paul Sequeira: 1968 Chicago Democratic Convention. Gallery of images.

Fossil Horses in Cyberspace.

Soweto Photo Gallery. 'With a small hallway acting as a makeshift bedroom, Thabo Molefe shares his cramped home in Soweto, South Africa, with eight members of his family. They live on $62 a month, and Molefe has been unable to find work for two years.'

Narasimha Avataara - The Man-Lion Incarnation of Vishnu. 'This legend narrates the story of Narasimha - the man lion incarnation of Vishnu where he demonstrated his omnipresence and destroyed the demon Hiranyakashipu.'

The Fifth Head of Bhrama. 'This is a legend involving all three of the trinity Bhrama, Vishnu and Shiva.'

Hagi Uragami Museum. Japanese prints; large selection. Japanese text.

Masks of Nigeria.

Masks of Zaire.

Two Woodblock Prints by Surimono.

The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca.

The Nativity, by Piero della Francesca.

Saint Michael, by Piero della Francesca.

The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne and Saint John the Baptist, by Leonardo da Vinci.

Christ Taking Leave of His Mother, by Albrecht Altdorfer.

Burgess Shale Fossils. 'The Burgess Shale is an exceptional Middle Cambrian age (about 540 million years ago) fossil locality located in Yoho National Park in the Rocky Mountains, near Field, British Columbia, Canada. The locality is special because of the soft-bodied preservation of a wide diversity of fossil invertebrate animals. The locality has been intensely studied since its discovery in 1909 by Charles Walcott, and has been declared a World Heritage Site. A popular introduction to the Burgess Shale can be found in Steven J. Gould's book, "Wonderful Life" ... ' Images.

Florida Fossils. Nice selection.

Lewis and Clark: Illinois. 'In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson commissioned Meriwether Lewis, who along with his friend William Clark, lead an expedition on an epic journey to explore the headwaters of the Missouri River and find an overland route to the Pacific Ocean, by way of the Columbia River ... '

Heroine Magazine.

Chicago Women's Liberation Union Herstory. 'Out of the upheavals of the 1960's came a group of Windy City women determined to challenge the suffocating male supremacy of the time. They joined the growing women's liberation movement and organized the Chicago Women's Liberation Union (CWLU) which touched the lives of thousands of women through its many organizing projects from 1969-1977 ... '

Dying Alone: The 1995 Chicago Heatwave. 'The heat made the city's roads buckle. Train rails warped, causing long commuter and freight delays. City workers watered bridges to prevent them from locking when the plates expanded. Children riding in school buses became so dehydrated and nauseous that they had to be hosed down by the Fire Department. Hundreds of young people were hospitalized with heat-related illnesses. But the elderly, and especially the elderly who lived alone, were most vulnerable to the heat wave.'
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