Society. Articles and photos about Al Capone, the Chicago Black Sox
scandal, the Columbian Exposition, the stockyards, protests and
politics, and more.
Alaska During the Pacific War. 'Over the course of 1942 and early
1943, ships, planes, and thousands of troops were shifted north as
forces could be spared from other battle fronts. New bases, such as
those on Amchitka and Adak were constructed, and the Alaska-Canadian
highway was built to connect Seattle with Juneau.' 'As part of this
vast deployment of men and equipment, the U.S. Navy's combat art program
sent William F. Draper to document naval activities in Alaska. He
covered everything from the construction of harbors and base facilities,
to the vagaries of Arctic weather, and the buildup of forces to retake
Japanese held islands. One of the most difficult aspects of his
assignment was dealing with the weather as the freezing cold and high
winds made his hands numb, blew away his materials and damaged his
paints and canvasses.' 'Edward Grigware was a successful illustrator
before the war. As his part of the war effort he worked for the Navy's
recruiting section and was assigned to cover life in Alaska. This
undertaking was separate from the combat art program.'
'The discovery of gold brought adventurers, dreamers and schemers to
Alaska. It's a great story! In fact, it's a lot of great stories.
' 'But the stories aren't completely written yet. They are hidden in
the bits and pieces of history that have managed to survive for over 100
years: things like diaries, newspapers, maps, photographs, government
documents and things people used in their everyday lives ... '
Aladdin: 'Homes Built in a Day. 'The Aladdin Company of Bay City,
Michigan was one of America's most long lived manufacturers of mail-
order, "kit homes." Begun in 1906 by two brothers, Otto and William
Sovereign, the family-owned firm continued to manufacture houses until
1981. Over the firm's long history it sold over 75,000 homes to both
individual and corporate customers.' The records of the Aladdin
Company were donated to the Clarke Historical Library in 1996. The
almost complete run of company catalogs, full set of sales records, over
15,000 post-World War II architectural drawings, and various other
company records create an extraordinary historical resource ... '
Scalpay / Scalpaigh (Also Known as
Scalpa). History and community. Don't miss
the gallery of old photos. 'Scalpay (also known as Scalpaigh &
Scalpa) is a beautiful island just off the coast of the Isle of Harris
in the Western Isles / Outer Hebrides of Scotland. Our site is a
community website for the island and has many points of interest for
both visitors to the island and it's inhabitants. Originally developed
by Scalpay Digital (who ceased trading 2001.) Scalpay.com will continue
to be the major source of information about The Isle of Scalpay on the
internet ... '
Indian and Tibetan Buddhist
Art. 'This website aims to provide general introductory information
on different aspects of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist art on the basis of
recent scientific studies. In particular it concentrates on the so
called Indo-Tibetan Buddhist art as preserved in the early Buddhist
monasteries (late 10th to early 14th centuries) in the western
Picture galleries here.
'Born in the Asakusa section of Tokyo to a middle class family, Shiro
Kasamatsu started his art studies at a young age. In 1911 he became a
student of Kaburagi Kiyokata, a master of the bijin-ga genre. Shiro
studied Japanese style painting (Nihonga) but unlike his teacher, he
concentrated on landscapes. Kiyokata chose his artist's name "Shiro",
which used the character shi from one of Kiyokata's own pseudonyms and
was conveniently an alternate spelling of Kasamatsu's given name.'
Berlin Mitte: Exploration of an Urban Conversion.
'An expedition through space and time in 260 photos.'
'The radical changes within Berlin Mitte over the past 10 years are
presented from an artistic perspective. Maps of the locations
photographed aid in orientation.'
Photographs. Malawi elections 1999. 'A
selection of pictures, taken during the presidential election in 1999.
Some is from the nomination of candidates, some is from Muluzi's
on a train ride from Blantyre to Balaka.'
British Columbia Heritage.
'One of the roles of the Heritage Branch, within the Ministry of
Community, Aboriginal and Women's Services, is the management of 13
unique historic sites where public programs are presented.'
'Just click on any of the sites listed in the menu on your left for an
introduction to the facilities and services offered. In most cases,
you'll also find links to other websites that have developed further
material on these historic sites. '
Oda Kazuma. 'Born in
Shiba-Koen, Tokyo in 1881, the printmaker Oda Kazuma made significant
contributions to both the shin hanga and sosaku hanga movements. He
first studied painting with Kawamura Kiyoo and learned lithography from
Kaneko Masajiro. Oda's brother, a lithograph technician in Osaka, was
also important to his early education. Throughout his life, Oda worked
primarily as a lithographer, although occasionally he carved and printed
his own woodblock prints. Oda's most notable lithographs include his
series of twenty Tokyo scenes, Tokyo fukei hangashu, made in 1916-17,
and a similar series on Osaka done in 1917-19.'
Connecticut Birds at Yale Peabody Museum. 'The Birds of Connecticut
Hall displays 722 mounted specimens representing the more than 300
species of birds that occur regularly in the state. Each species is
represented by one or more specimens showing the plumage differences
between sexes and age groups and the seasonal changes in plumage.
Shirley Hartman directed the preparation of the exhibit, which required
five years to complete; it opened to the public on 12 May 1972. '
African Americans in New Orleans: The Music. 'Thousands of black New
Orleanians have made music in their hometown--and "abroad"--over the
past 200-plus years. A number of them became real stars, some even on an
international level. Many more are well-remembered through their
compositions and recordings, and through the recorded observations of
themselves, their compatriots, and music historians, critics, and other
informants. Still more taught, wrote and performed in relative
obscurity, known, perhaps, only to limited audiences in their own
neighborhoods, churches, and families. All of these players, however,
helped to produce--and to keep alive--the incredibly rich tradition of
New Orleans music ... '
African American Portraits by Carl Van Vechten 1932-1964. 'The
online exhibit highlights a selection of African-American portraits of
artists from various fields. Many of these artists are familiar faces
today, even though some of the portraits were created more than fifty
years ago. The importance of these images is two-fold; they document a
specific time and milieu in 20th-century American history that was
neglected by others, and they are among some of the earliest art
photography images created. While Van Vechten never created as
technically complex images as some of the professional photographers of
his day, a consistent artistic sensibility pervades his work. His
portraits of the influential African-Americans of the first half of the
20th century illustrate a rich artistic and intellectual era. '
Social Change: New Resources on 20th Century Women's Activism. 'This
exhibit marks the opening for research of eight collections of 20th
century women activists: the papers of Constance Baker Motley, Dorothy
Kenyon, Mary Kaufman, Frances Fox Piven, Jessie Lloyd O'Connor, and
Gloria Steinem and the records of the Women's Action Alliance and the
National Congress of Neighborhood Women. These new resources highlight
women's part in the multiple struggles for social change that span the
century including labor, socialism, civil liberties, peace, racial
justice, urban reform, welfare rights, and women's rights. They
illuminate connections between reform movements, as well as the
interplay of race, ethnicity, class, and gender within them. Processing
of these collections was made possible in part by the generous support
of the National Endowment for the Humanities. '
Michigan Farm Workers. 'In the past 100 years, the family-owned farm
has all but vanished from the American scene. But despite the losses,
farmers remain some of the hardest working people in the United States.
When they are not planting or harvesting crops, they are repairing
equipment, feeding animals, selling crops and preparing for the next
season. The following photographs capture a day of work for Alvin Ernst,
a third-generation farmer living in southern Michigan. '
Tribal Labourers in India. 'Located in northeastern India, the
desert state of Rajasthan is home to many scheduled tribes and castes.
Occupying the very bottom of India's complex caste system, their lives
are caught up in a world of rapid social and economic change. Due to
generations of isolation and illiteracy, they often become indebted to
corrupt moneylenders and lead lives of indentured servitude. The
following photographs show two forms of labor that the indigenous
people of southern Rajasthan are often bound to through indebtedness:
brick making and marble mining. '
Farming and Mining in Peru. Photography. 'With a population of 25
million, Peru is one of the poorest countries in South America. The
country's economy is primarily based upon agriculture and mining. Many
of the workers from these two industries labor daily to make ends meet
in rural and remote areas of Peru's central highlands. In much of the
country, children often work side by side with parents while planting
crops, tending to animals or working in mines. This essay highlights the
work and lives of these people. '
AIDS. 'This exhibition displays material from two AIDS-related books
and ephemera donated to Monash over the past two years. ' 'One
collection was put together by the late Ian Goller, the other by Dr.
Richard Travers. Dr. Travers was the curator of this exhibition. '
The Nuremberg Chronicle.
'The Nuremberg Chronicle is a pictorial history of the earth from creation to the 1490s published in
1493. It was compiled by Dr. Hartmann Schedel, illustrated and engraved by Michael Wohlgemuth,
Wilhelm Pleydenwurff and Albrecht Dürer, and printed and published by Anton Koberger. The Chronicle
is the first instance of partnerships shown between artists and patrons. '
'The woodcuts shown in the chronicle represented the emergence of xylography as a prosperous
industry in South Germany. Xylography was quite dominant for several years before Gutenberg invented
typography. The woodcuts normally presented biblical scenes, saints, and moralities. Illiterates of
medieval Europe used the woodcuts as charms for protection. Xylography achieved its greatness in
South Germany following the publishing of the Nuremberg Chronicle. Albrecht Dürer became a leader in
the art of xylography and was a part of the distinguished group who created the woodcuts of the
Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former
Slaves Tell Their Stories. 'Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories
provides the opportunity to listen to former slaves describe their lives. These interviews,
conducted between 1932 and 1975, capture the recollections of twenty-three identifiable people born
between 1823 and the early 1860s and known to have been former slaves. Several of the people
interviewed were centenarians, the oldest being 130 at the time of the interview. The almost seven
hours of recordings were made in nine Southern states and provide an important glimpse of what life
was like for slaves and freedmen. The former slaves discuss how they felt about slavery,
slaveholders, how slaves were coerced, their families, and, of course, freedom. It is important to
keep in mind, however, that all of those interviewed spoke sixty or more years after the end of
their enslavement, and it is their full lives, rather than their lives during slavery, that are
reflected in their words. They have much to say about living as African Americans from the 1870s to
the 1930s, and beyond. As part of their testimony, several of the ex-slaves sing songs, many of
which were learned during the time of their enslavement. '
Kimono. 'To Westerners the word is
synonymous with their image of Japan. Mere mention of the garment conjures up wistful, nostalgic
visions of Japan's past, for Gaijin (foreigners) and Japanese alike! The exhibitions you are about
to view will display kimono dating from the late Edo period, as well as some contemporary kimono now
being worn as formal wear ... '
A View of Paris from the Pont Neuf. 'Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Raguenet specialized in views of
Paris and owned a small shop for their sale in the rue de la Colombe on the Ile de la Cité. This
view of Paris in the 1700s and its companion piece, View of Paris with the Ile de la Cité, were
probably painted for an English patron, Lord Holland.'
Janson: A Formal Garden.
'Prosperous eighteenth-century Dutch citizens were so proud of their gardens that they hired artists
like Johannes Janson to record them for posterity. The estate shown here may have been located in
the province of Noordholland, north of Amsterdam. The picture shows the wealth and the sophisticated
leisure afforded by the estate: the promenade at left leads to farmland, while the path at right
leads to a shipping scene, two primary sources of Holland's prosperity. '
I Live in a
Motel. 'Travelers know what to expect from a motel: not much, besides pornography. When writer
Joshua Allen is forced to live in one for a month, he finds a bit more to appreciate.'
African-American Lumbermen: Their Homes and Families (ca. 1908). 'In
their book The Sawdust Empire: The Texas Lumber Industry 1830-1940
(1983) Robert S Maxwell and Robert D. Baker describe some of the working
conditions of the African-Americans in the lumber industry. African-
Americans made up from one third to one half of the workforce in East
Texas saw mills. They were often given the worst jobs at the lowest pay.
Their neighborhoods were segregated in what was known as the "quarter"
in the mill towns. Many workers could expect to be paid two dollars a
day. And charged up to six dollars a month for rent. Despite this
treatment they were often grateful to have a job that provided the means
to rent a home and provide food and some education for their families
Sonnets from Ireland.
'Most of the sonnets here are from little known 19th century poets, and
while some show the influence of Wordsworth or Tennyson, most have a
distinctively Irish diction and engagement with nature. '
Leon Engelen. 'Leon's work is
linked to that of landscape and animal painter of the previous
former times there was a painters' community, in which strong mutual
ties existed and in
which techniques and ideas were exchanged. Leon can't take advantage of
such a feed-back;
he had to find it all by himself, which makes him more or less apart.
Moreover he specialized
himself in painting bricks and tiles... '
UK: Guided Tours. The history of British theatre.
'Browse our Guided Tours and explore the history of
performance on the British stage. Each tour is
illustrated with objects from the Theatre Museum's
collections and brought to life with music and voices
from the past. You can read reviews of performances,
see original posters, programmes and costumes and of
course meet the stars.' Circus
Hunger in Ethiopia. Photographs and Text by David
'Drought in Ethiopia is as old as the land itself. The
first recorded famine due to drought in the region
dates as far back as 253 BCE. Over the centuries
millions have died from hunger and drought related
diseases. While other countries have learned to cope
with the problem, Ethiopias population continues to
suffer. While some place blame on government
inefficiency and corruption, others attribute the
situation to a lack of farming technology and
irrigation as well as ineffective food distribution.
This year Ethiopia witnessed one of the worst droughts
in recent history. Record-low rainfall led to
failed-crops, loss of livestock, malnutrition, hunger,
and a sharp increase in disease and death toll.'
of Madness. Online comic; noir/horror. 'It all
began as a trivial case. It all ended when horror came
to Earth. Experience the Unknown and cry in fear with
our detective hero!'
'The story was presented as a serial which was updated
nearly every week...now it has reached an ending.'
Red Months in Russia: An Observers Account of Russia
Before and During the Proletarian Dictatorship, by
Louise Bryant, 1918. Travelogue written by an American
sympathiser shortly after the October Revolution. An
interesting historical document, if nothing
else. 'I ask a favour of him who reads this bundle
of stories, gathered together on the edge of Asia, in
that mystic land of white nights in summer and long
black days in winter, where events only heretofore
dreamed or vaguely planned for future ages have
suddenly come to be. I ask the reader to remember his
tolerant mood when he sits himself down under his
shaded lamp of an evening to read certain lovely old
legends, to remember how deliberately he gets himself
out of this world into another as unlike our own as
the pale moon. He should recall that in reading
ancient lore he does so with an open mind, calmly,
never once throwing down his book and cursing because
some ancient king has marched with all his gallant
warriors into another country without so much as a
passport from the State Department ... '
'On the grey horizon of human existence looms a great
giant called Working Class Consciousness. He treads
with thunderous step through all the countries of the
world. There is no escape, we must go out and meet
him. It all depends on us whether he will turn into a
loathsome, ugly monster demanding human sacrifices or
whether he shall be the saviour of mankind. We must
use great foresight, patience, understanding.... We
must somehow make an honest effort to understand what
is happening in Russia.'
'And I who saw the dawn of a new world can only
present my fragmentary and scattered evidence to you
with a good deal of awe. I feel as one who went forth
to gather pebbles and found pearls. ... '
A Walk At Dusk. 'His head bowed, a man walks alone
in the silvery, cold moonlit night while contemplating
a megalithic tomb and its implicit message of death.
It is winter, and all around him nature is dying.
Leafless trees loom behind like specters, but a grove
of verdant oaks rises through the mist in the
background with the promise of life. The waxing moon,
high in the sky, also acts as a counterbalance to
death, symbolizing Christ and the promise of rebirth
for the artist Caspar David Friedrich.'
Italian Landscape. 'The golden morning light
bathes this landscape of singing and dancing peasants
with antique ruins in the background. To the left,
picturesque cows wade in the reflective water, and a
contemporary townscape appears in the distance. Like
Lorrain, Corot presented a utopian setting in which
ancient and modern culture coexist in lyrical
Mr. Punch's History of Modern England. 1841-1857. 'The title of
this work indicates at once its main source and its limitations. The
files of Punch have been generally admitted to be a valuable mine of
information on the manners, customs, and fashions of the Victorian age,
and of the wealth of material thus provided liberal use has been made.
But it must not be forgotten that Punch has always been a London paper,
and that in so far as English life is reflected in his pages, London
always comes first, though in this volume, and especially during the
"Hungry 'Forties," Lancashire comes a very good second. For pictures of
provincial society -- such, for example, as that given in Cranford or in
the novels of Trollope -- or of life in Edinburgh or Dublin, the
chronicler of Victorian England must look outside Punch. The "country
cousin" is not forgotten, but for the most part comes into view when he
is on a visit to London, not when he is on his native heath. Yet even
with these deductions the amount of material is embarrassingly rich. And
this is due not only to the multiplicity of subjects treated, but to the
manner in which they were discussed. Of Punch, in his early days at any
rate, the criticism recently applied to Victorian writers in general by
a writer in Blackwood holds good: "They had a great deal to say, and
they said it sometimes in too loud a voice. Such was their virtue, to
which their vice was akin. Their vice was the vice of rhetoric ... '
Sage, Ink. Selected cartoons from The Atlantic magazine; great
'The Pitt Rivers Museum (PRM) holds an extraordinarily
rich collection of over 4000 historical photographs of
Tibet taken by British colonial photographers between
1908 and 1950. They cohere around critical moments in
the British Empire's political engagement with Tibet:
Sir Charles Bell's 1920-1 Mission, the 1936 Gould
Mission and Hugh Richardson's diplomatic career in
Tibet, 1936-50. Taken together they comprise
collections that eventually added up to a joint
documentation project undertaken by the colonial
regime to map out Tibet visually. The same sites and
ceremonies were photographed by multiple
photographers, photographs were frequently exchanged,
copies made and circulated and the same images found
their way into various official and unofficial albums.
Geisha Mystique. Photography. 'While most of Japan
is forging ahead into the 21st century, some people
are holding tight to their connection with the past.
This relationship with ago-old customs and traditions
is most evident in the city of Kyoto, once Japan's
capital for more than 1,000 years. You will still find
remants of "Hanamachi" (geisha districts) in isolated
pockets of the city where maiko and geisha shuffle
quickly to and from their evening appointments. For
everyone else Kyoto keeps the past alive through
numerous events, ceremonies and annual festivals.'
Orion Deep Field. 'Adrift 1,500 light-years away
in one of the night sky's most recognizable
constellations, the glowing Orion Nebula and the dark
Horsehead Nebula are contrasting cosmic vistas. They
both appear in this stunning composite digital image
assembled from over 20 hours of data that includes
exposures filtered to record emission from hydrogen
Trails of Africa. 'Spanning southern to northern
skies, stars trail across this panoramic view of the
African night from equatorial Kenya. '
Prince: The Russian Cradle. 'In a rural setting, a
peasant family sits admiring a baby in a cradle
suspended from the branches of a tree. The composition
takes its name from the distinctive hanging cradle
made of boughs lashed together. Surrounded by goats
and sheep, an old woman in a red dress and decorative
headscarf holds a distaff and points towards the
infant as if telling its fortune. The blue sky with
pink-tinged clouds recalls the influence of François
Boucher, Jean-Baptiste Le Prince's former teacher. '
A View of the Bay of Naples. 'Sir William
Hamilton, British envoy to the court of Naples from
1764 to 1800, wanted a painting of the panoramic view
of the Bay of Naples from his apartment window. He
sought out the Italian artist Giovanni Battista
Lusieri, whose detailed drawings and watercolors of
views of Naples and other Italian sites were popular
with Grand Tourists in the 1780s and 1790s. '