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31st December


Pre-Raphaelite Passion. 'In 1848 in England, a group of young painters got together and decided that they had their own idea of what a painting should be. Thus, in rebellion to The Royal Academy, they formed this secret society called The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)...'
Medieval and Arthurian Pre-Raphaelite art.

The Drikung Kagyu Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism.

Joseph Henry. 'The Joseph Henry Papers Project is documenting the life of Joseph Henry (1797-1878), the most revered American scientist of his times and the first Secretary (director) of the Smithsonian Institution. Henry's pioneering work in electricity and magnetism helped bring about the invention of the telegraph, the electric motor, and the telephone. At the Smithsonian Institution he created the outlines of the unique research and cultural institution that we know today.'

Women in Greek Myths.

Voices of the Holocaust. 'During the summer of 1998, Galvin Library staff uncovered a 16-volume set of typescripts that detail first-hand accounts of horrible brutality, incredible survival, and liberation of Holocaust victims. The set includes 70 of the original 109 interviews that were conducted in 1946 and transcribed into English by Dr. David Boder. The survivors interviewed included farmers, lawyers, artists, carpenters and others representing all economic levels, many religions, and various nationalities and language groups from across Europe. The Paul V. Galvin Library of Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) identified the collection as primary source material for scholars interested in the Holocaust, as well as a learning tool for the general public, and decided to republish it through the World Wide Web. A micro-opaque card edition was published in 1957. However, few libraries own this set and most no longer own the equipment to read the cards. The actual voices of the survivors can be heard on wire recordings, which are held at the Library of Congress. The site is still under construction. In the near future, the actual voices of the survivors will be made available on this site using audio streaming. '

Simon Wiesenthal Museum of Tolerance.

Hieronymus Bosch. Online gallery, bio.
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30th December


Tsunami Help Blog.

Daguerrotype Portraits and Views 1839-1864. 'The Library's daguerreotype collection consists of more than 725 photographs dating from 1839 to 1864. Portrait daguerreotypes produced by the Mathew Brady studio make up the major portion of the collection. The collection also includes early architectural views by John Plumbe, several Philadelphia street scenes, early portraits by pioneering daguerreotypist Robert Cornelius, studio portraits by black photographers James P. Ball and Francis Grice, and copies of painted portraits. '

Animal Locomotion: Eadweard Muybridge "Grandfather of the Motion Picture" (1830-1904).

Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads. Images of 16th century British ballads.

"The Most Noble Problem in Nature": The Transit of Venus on the 18th Century. 'The exhibition draws on the historical collections of the museum to present the British response to the 18th-century transits of Venus. It also includes a reconstruction of a large-scale mechanical demonstration of the 1769 transit. '

Tibetan Folk Tales.

African-American History Through the Arts.

Subvertise. Subversive advertising.

The Music of Thomas Ravenscroft. English ballads.

Edmund Dulac. A historic illustrator. 'He was born in Toulouse, France. His artistic bent manifested itself early and drawings exist from his early teens. Many of these early efforts are watercolors, a medium he would favor through most of his life. He studied law at the University of Toulouse for two years while attending classes at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. As Colin White puts it in his inestimable Edmund Dulac, "Two years of boredom at the law school and the winning of a prize at the Ecole des Beaux Arts convinced Dulac where his future lay." He left law school and enrolled full-time in the Ecole. He won the 1901 and 1903 Grand Prix for his paintings submitted to the annual competitions. A scholarship took him to Paris and the Académie Julien where he stayed for three weeks. That same year (1904) he left for London and the start of a meteoric career ... '

The Fifties. 'The Fifties in America were a contradictory time. This was a vibrant and wholesome era, characterized by malt shops, sock hops, beatniks and the hula hoop, hot cars and cool jazz. At the same time, however, the nation was plagued by racial injustice, anti-Communist paranoia and the dread of nuclear war. The atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 taught Americans an unforgettable lesson about the power of humanity's terrible new weapons, and this frightening awareness increased their concern about the spread of Communism. The Cold War divided the world into two armed camps under the banners of the Soviet Union and the United States. As Communism spread purposefully around the globe, the U.S. adopted a foreign policy of containment, holding back the rising tide of Communism with diplomacy, military might, and nuclear deterrence. '

4000 Years of Women in Science.

Travel in Korea. An online guide.

American Photography: A Century of Images.

Virtual Museum of the American Red Cross.

Babes in Space. Via MeFi.

Edwardian Delights: Vintage Postcards. Via Life in the Present.

Masterpiece Theatre Poster Gallery. Via Life in the Present.

Kabuki. Via Life in the Present.

World War I Sheet Music. Via Life in the Present.

Poems for a Long Winter's Night.
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29th December


Planet Quest: The Search for Another Earth. NASA site.

Virtual Portmeirion. 'Welcome to Virtual Portmeirion, a site created by admirers of this enchanting place. Portmeirion is a private village in North Wales that was created by Sir Clough Williams-Ellis, using a combination of rescued architectural follies and specially designed buildings which provide a fascinating mix of architectural styles. It is open for day visits and daily/weekly stays in either hotel serviced or self-catering accommodations. '

Degas. Biography, online gallery.

Velazquez. Biography, online gallery.

A Buddhist Pilgrim's Guide to Sri Lanka.

Christmas Madness. Cartoons.

On Receiving Harvard Medical School's Global Environment Citizen Award: A Speech by Bill Moyers.
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28th December


Tsunami in Southeast Asia: A Summary Report. Many links - news, aid, firsthand reports.

2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake. Wikipedia article.
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27th December


Illustrations to Dickens.

The Northern Great Plains 1880-1920. Photography. 'These two collections from the Institute for Regional Studies at North Dakota State University contain 900 photographs of rural and small town life at the turn of the century. Highlights include images of sod homes and the people who built them; images of farms and the machinery that made them prosper; and images of one-room schools and the children that were educated in them. '

The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. 'This collection contains forty-five films of New York dating from 1898 to 1906 from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress. Of these, twenty-five were made by the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, while the remaining twenty are Edison Company productions. '

Van Gogh at Etten. 'Vincent Van Gogh is undoubtedly one of modern art's most appreciated artists. Behind this gifted artist is a series of sad and strange stories. In general he felt insecure about his life and didn't feel a sense of individuality or uniqueness. Therefore, in this interactive and informative website, we will look at the time he lived in Etten, a small town in the south of The Netherlands. The original paintings of Vincent which were used for the billboards in Etten are discussed, a small art course will be added iis in the site, as welll as links to Van Gogh sites, games, quizzes, chatrooms, discussion boards, guestbooks and much more...'

19th Century Scientific American Online. 'The Scientific American of the 19th century bears little resemblance its 20th century sibling. The first volume was a four page 15 x 20 newspaper that provided the reader poetry, religious news, interesting tid-bits from around the country and technical news and instruction ...'

Photographic Views of Meiji: A Portrait of Old Japan. 'A strict policy of isolationism and non-interference was instituted by Japan's Shogun Tokugawa in the early 17th century, resulting in a medieval society locked in time. It was not until the overthrow of the Shogun and his Samurai by imperial forces in 1868 that Japan began to modernize. The reinstatement of full power to the Imperial court and fourteen year old Prince Mutsuhito initiated Japan's period of industrial growth. The title "Meiji." which means enlightened peace, was given to the new Emperor and his reign--a period which lasted forty-five years until his death in 1912...'

Selected American Albumen Prints.

British Masters of the Albumen Print. Photography.

Centre for World Indigenous Studies.

Anarchism and the Russian Revolution. 'The Russian revolution of October 1917 was a defining point for socialism. What was the role of the Bolsheviks in destroying workers democracy and creating Stalinism? Was there an anarchist alternative to both Leninism and the return of Czarism?'

Charles Babbage. 'Reformer militant, mathematician, computer pioneer, economist, mechanical engineer, code-breaker, inventor, society figure, etc. etc. '

The Warsaw Uprising. 'The Warsaw Uprising was probably the largest single operation organized and executed by a partisan organization in WWII. It lasted two months, and when it was over, 200,000 people were dead, and the entire city was in ruins. In trying to achieve its goals, the uprising was a terrible failure. In showing the courage and the dedication of the Polish nation, it was a remarkable success. This page was created on the 50th anniversary of the start of the uprising. '

Jaideep Mehrotra. Artist from India.

The Lenin Museum, in Russia.
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24th December


Found. 'we collect FOUND stuff: love letters, birthday cards, kids' homework, to-do lists, ticket stubs, poetry on napkins, telephone bills, doodles-anything that gives a glimpse into someone else's life.'

100 Years of Illustration and Design. Thanks to coudal for the pointer.

Concrete Park: The Folk Art Sculptures of Fred Smith. Via MeFi.

Voyages and Travels. 'These seven accounts move from the ancient fathers of historical prose Herodotus and Tacitus in Egypt and Germany, respectively, to the great Elizabethan explorers Drake, Gilbert and Raleigh as they colonize new lands.'

Leite's Culinaria.

A Front Yard View of the Holidays in America. 'For more than 30 years, Texas photographer Christina Patoski has been documenting holiday displays in the front yards of Americans across the country. Patoski's images of America's seasonal displays appear in her new book, Merry Christmas, America: A Front Yard View of the Holidays. ' Via MoFi.

Riley Dog.

Jesus of the Week.
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23rd December


Visions of Christmas. Via Sugar & Spicy.

Whimsical Arts. Folk art of Mexico. Via Sugar & Spicy.

Quiddity.

The King William's College General Knowledge Christmas Paper, published every year, is very hard. Via MeFi.

And I Still See Their Faces: Images of Polish Jews. Via Incoming Signals.

Snow Under the Microscope. Via Incoming Signals.

Chinese Miniature Bottles with Snakes and Scorpions. Via Incoming Signals.

A Space Age Christmas. 1974's view of 2003. Via Incoming Signals.

A Visit from Saint Nicholas (In the Ernest Hemingway Manner), by James Thurber, 1927. Via Incoming Signals.

Kukai, 774-835. Japanese monk, scholar and artist.

Old Computers. 'Early personal computers were nothing like present day computers, they had personality! '

British Poetry 1780-1910: A Hypertext Archive of Scholarly Editions.

The Simple Passions of Bouguereau. Art.

Chloe, by Jules Lefebvre. 'Perhaps the most famous, notorious, well loved, well hung and controversial painting in Australia.'

Miss America. 'Tracking the country's oldest beauty contest -- from its inception in 1921 as a local seaside pageant to its heyday as one of the country's most popular events -- Miss America paints a vivid picture of an institution that has come to reveal much about a changing nation. The pageant is about commercialism and sexual politics, about big business and small towns. But beyond the symbolism lies a human story -- at once moving, inspiring, infuriating, funny and poignant. Using intimate interviews with former contestants, behind-the-scenes footage, and photographs, the film reveals how the pageant became a battleground and a barometer for the changing position of women in society.'

Portraits of the Presidents and First Ladies, 1789-Present. US history.
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22nd December


Greek Mythology.

A Timeline of Rocket History.

A Chinese Canadian Story: The Yip Sang Family. 'Yip Sang came to Vancouver in 1881. He first worked for the Canadian Pacific Railway, and later started a business in Vancouver's Chinatown. '
'Yip Sang was one of Vancouver's most successful merchants in the early 1900s. His wealth allowed him to support four wives and to raise 23 children. Generations of Yips have grown up in Vancouver, and hundreds of Yip Sang's descendents live throughout North America. '
'This web site tells more about Yip Sang, his family, and his legacy to Vancouver. The artifacts seen in this site are from the Wing Sang building and were donated by the Yip family to the Vancouver Museum. We would like to extend our great appreciation to the Yip family for their support and assistance. '

The Literary Works of Elizabeth I. Plus images, quotations.

Virtual Tour of the Louvre.

Bonnie Lasses by Tina Newberry. Folk art, paintings of topless women.

A People's Libertarian Index. Anarchism.

The Enduring Mystery of Jack the Ripper. Metropolitan Police site.

The Uncensored L. Ron Hubbard Papers. 'The life of L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) was surely one of the most extraordinary which this century has seen. He already has an entire Web site devoted to him, at the handsomely-produced. The account of his life given there is, however, a rather limited one - perhaps not surprisingly, given that the site belongs to Hubbard's brainchild, the Church of Scientology. This site contains copies of a number of publicly-available documents about Hubbard. The items listed below all come from public sources in the US. Most were obtained through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA); some come from the still-sealed exhibits of the 1984 case Church of Scientology of California vs Gerald Armstrong (but were obtained legally, both here in Europe and in the US). They present a rather different picture of Hubbard, showing him to have a much darker side than is officially admitted by Scientology. '

History of the Standard Oil Company.

Sri Lankan Myths, Miracles and Mysteries.

A Thumbnail History of Electronics.

Art on a Stick: Drawings and Comics by B. Amundson. 'B. Amundson specializes in large multimedia constructions and colored pencil drawings. His work reflects an interest in the mauve and grey areas between bad taste and the acceptable middle class aesthetic and explores differences between the two, particularly as reflected through such American staples as the subdivision, the chain restaurant, interstate travel, and the vacation experience with its ubiquitous industry of curio production.'

Mirrors. 'These images are based on a group of about two hundred 3x4" identification photographs made between 1914 and 1937 that I found in a drawer in the Arkansas penitentiary in the summer of 1975. The photographs of the men were loose in the drawer; the photographs of the women?all of them white? were in a small brown envelope. Most of the photographs of the men were taken inside, against a wall or a cloth; most of the photographs of the women were taken outside, near a fence, in a wicker chair.'
Via Incoming Signals.

Cameras: The Technology of Photographic Imaging. History of camera technology.

Camp Harmony. 'In the spring of 1942, just months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, more than 100,000 residents of Japanese ancestry were forcefully evicted by the army from their homes in Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona and Alaska, and sent to nearby temporary assembly centers. From there they were sent by trains to American-style concentration camps at remote inland sites where many people spent the remainder of the war. This exhibit tells the story of Seattle's Japanese American community in the spring and summer of 1942 and their four month sojourn at the Puyallup Assembly Center known as "Camp Harmony." '

Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts. In the National Library of the Netherlands.

Camp Taylor. 'Samuel P. Taylor came to California in 1849 to look for gold. His success in the gold fields enabled him to purchase 100 acres of land on Daniels Creek (later called Papermill Creek), where, in 1856, he built the first paper mill west of the Mississippi. He created his own papermaking process and was a pioneer in the manufacture of square- bottomed paper bags. The area became known as Taylorville ... '

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii. Early 20th century Russian photographer.

Cult Sirens. Pin-ups!

British Church History. 'Power in the medieval world flowed between two poles. Temporal power was wielded by the Monarch and spiritual power was wielded by the Church, sometimes to the point that it looked and felt just like the temporal power. In this section, we look at the men and women who shaped the institution, the hierarchies they created and the buildings they built. '

Abraham Lincoln Collection. Debates, quotations, biographies etc.
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21st December


The Cuban Missile Crisis 1962. Virtual exhibit.

Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century.

The Leonard Bernstein Collection. 'The composer, conductor, writer, and teacher Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) was one of 20th-century America's most important musical figures. The Leonard Bernstein Collection is one of the largest and most varied of the many special collections held by the Library of Congress Music Division. Its more than 400,000 items, including music and literary manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, audio and video recordings, fan mail, and other types of materials extensively document Bernstein's extraordinary life and career. This online Leonard Bernstein Collection makes available a selection of 85 photographs, 177 scripts from the Young People's Concerts, 74 scripts from the Thursday Evening Previews , and over 1,100 pieces of correspondence, in addition to the collection's complete Finding Aid. '

Circuit Chautauqua in the Twentieth Century. 'This digital collection presents 7,949 publicity brochures, promotional advertisements and talent circulars for some 4,546 performers who were part of the Chautauqua circuit. These talent brochures are drawn from the Records of the Redpath Lyceum Bureau, held by the University of Iowa Libraries. One of the largest booking agencies for the Chautauqua performers, the Redpath bureau managed a vast talent pool. Performers and lecturers were familiar names as popular entertainers or well known in the political, religious, and cultural worlds. '

Festivals of Western Europe, 1958. 'I have written FESTIVALS OF WESTERN EUROPE as one who loves the old in relation to the new, and looks upon the past as the heritage of the future. Festas, fairs, holy days, pilgrimages and patronal village feasts--all these events have come down through the centuries, and intermingled with the traditions of the church and the lives of peasant folk. Festivals once held to honor pagan deities have become associated in the course of time with the saints' days of the Christian calendar. Ancient fertility rites have been transmuted into parish ceremonies to welcome spring and ensure growth of crops and health to beasts. The fires once kindled to light the Sun God on his dark midwinter journey through the heavens now glow brightly in honor of the Christ Child's birth ... '

Acvaghosha's Discourse on the Awakening of Faith in the Mahayana. 'Asvaghosa's The Awakening of Faith is one of the most concise works on Mahayana Buddhism, and was translated at an early date from the Sanskrit to the Chinese. The original Sanskrit text is lost. The Awakening of Faith has been used as a textbook for Buddhist priests. This translation was the first into English; it is by Teitaro Suzuki, one of the principal writers on Buddhism of the 20th century. Suzuki, a Zen Buddhist scholar, manages to convey the difficult sense of this work, which sometimes requires inventive English neologisms. '

JFK Link. Speeches and writings of John F. Kennedy, public papers of US Presidents from Hoover to Clinton.

St. Machar's Cathedral, Aberdeen.

Art of Indian Miniature Paintings.

Big Trees and the Lives They've Changed. Via wood s lot.

Camera on Assignment: Photographs by Ollie Atkins. Photojournalism.

Voluspa. The Norse 'Prophecy of the Seeress'. Good onward links.

Encyclopedia Mythica. An encyclopaedia on mythology, folklore and legend.

History of Rwanda.

Index of American Design.

The Legends of Genesis, 1901.

The Virtual Oscilloscope.

Thai Tuan. Vietnamese artist.

Sabarimala, India. A Sacred Site.
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20th December


The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus.

Italo Calvino.

Charlie Parker. Bio, photos.

Teutonic Myth and Legend, 1912. 'This is Donald Mackenzie's able retelling of the Northern mythological cycle. He weaves a coherent narrative from the Eddas, the Niebelunglied, the Volsung Saga, Beowulf, the primordial Hamlet myths, and Medieval German tales of chivalry.'

Health Physics Instrumentation Collection.

Visit Laos. Tourist guide.

Spyblog. 'This United Kingdom based blog attempts to draw public attention to, and comments on, some of the current trends in ever cheaper and more widespread surveillance technology being deployed to satisfy the rapacious demand by state and corporate bureaucracies and criminals for your private details, and the technological ignorance of our politicians and civil servants who frame our legal systems. '

War Amputees Blog. 'A collection of articles about amputees as a result of the War on Terror.'

Ebony. Furry artist, interesting personal stuff.

Life and Works of Robert Louis Stevenson.

The Kabul Museum.

The Four Colour Theorem. 'The Four Color Problem dates back to 1852 when Francis Guthrie, while trying to color the map of counties of England noticed that four colors sufficed. He asked his brother Frederick if it was true that any map can be colored using four colors in such a way that adjacent regions (i.e. those sharing a common boundary segment, not just a point) receive different colors. Frederick Guthrie then communicated the conjecture to DeMorgan. The first printed reference is due to Cayley in 1878. '

Dixville Notch, New Hampshire. 'Dixville Notch is an unincorporated small village in the Dixville township of Coos County, New Hampshire which is known for being one of the first places to declare the results in Presidential elections. It is located in the far north of the state, approximately 20 miles (30 km), by the best road route to a border-crossing between Vermont and Quebec, from Canada.'

Martin Heidegger.

Calligraphy Works by Grace Y.T. Tong. Chinese calligraphy.

California Pacific Exposition, San Diego 1935-36. A virtual tour by postcard.

Caliphs and Kings: The Art and Influence of Islamic Spain.

California Rails. Vintage photographs.
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19th December


White Rose. A protest blog collective focusing on the erosion of civil liberties in the UK and worldwide.
'It was set up to point a finger at the erosion of personal freedom in the UK. Government's active measures introduce new means of control such as identity cards and surveillance cameras, the passive measures such as weakening of double jeopardy and presumption of innocence. '
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18th December


Valentina's Nightmare: A Journey into the Rwanda Genocide.

Raphael at the Getty.

Rembrandt at the Getty.

Selected Classic Papers from the History of Chemistry.

Honganji Temple. A Pure Land Buddhist temple in Japan.

Percy Bysshe Shelley. '1792?1822, English poet, b. Horsham, Sussex. He is ranked as one of the great English poets of the romantic period.'

American Leaders Speak: Recordings from World War I and the 1920 Election. 'The Nation's Forum Collection consists of fifty-nine sound recordings of speeches by American leaders from 1918-1920. The speeches focus on issues and events surrounding the First World War and the subsequent presidential election of 1920. Speakers include: Warren G. Harding, James Cox, Calvin Coolidge, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Samuel Gompers, Henry Cabot Lodge, and John J. Pershing. Speeches range from one to five minutes. '

Ivan Aizovsky. Russian landscape artist, 1817-1900.

The Samuel Taylor Coleridge Archive.

Folk Tales from Kashmir.

Urban Exploration.

Lost Destinations. Urban speleology.

Exploring the Moon. Space exploration history.

Rosslyn Chapel. 'Rosslyn Chapel, or the Collegiate Chapel of St Matthew as it was to have been, was founded in 1446 by Sir William St Clair, third and last St Clair Prince of Orkney. It is in fact only part of the choir of what was intended to be a larger cruciform building with a tower at its centre ... '

Illustrations Accompanying an Old Copy of 'The Pilgrim's Progress'.

Bamboo Masterworks: Japanese Baskets from the Lloyd Cotsen Collection.

Origins of Tibetan Art.

Botticelli. Online gallery and bio.

Carpaccio. Renaissance artist; online gallery and bio.

Miles van Yperen. Outsider artist.
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14th December


The William Morris Internet Archive. Writer, artist and socialist.

Tales and Treasures from the Silk Road.

The Scots Language Resource Centre.

California History Online.

Lewis Carroll's Puzzles. Logic problems.

Honore Daumier. 'More than 100 prints by French artist Honoré Daumier (1808-1879) were donated to the University of Montana Museum of Fine Arts by Fra Dana as part of her extensive estate. She collected these prints while living and working in Paris at the turn of the century. '

Human Prehistory. 'The evolution of Human Species followed different stages beginning with the Australopethicus and continuing with homo habilis, homo erectus and homo sapiens. The last stages include those people who lived thousands of years ago in the Palaeolithic and Neolithic Age and are the immediate ancestors of modern man. The discovery of the evolution of man is attributed to two scientists of the 19th century: Sir Charles Lyell and Charles Darwin. '

Dwight D. Eisenhower. Website from the Eisenhower Foundation.

Mauricio Lasansky. 'Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the son of a banknote engraver, Mauricio Lasansky's love for the print first brought him to the United States with the aid of the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship. A long list of awards and distinctions follow this artist wherever he goes. His talent was given even greater acknowledgment during his tenure at the University of Iowa's School of Art and Art History. It was Lasansky's presence that was responsible for the reputation of the University's print department acquired as the "printmaking capital of the US" and Lasansky himself as "the nation's most influential printmaker." (Time Magazine, 1961) Retiring in 1985, Lasansky's home and studio remain in Iowa City.'

Tales from Shakespeare. 'Brother-and-sister writing team Charles and Mary Lamb interweave the words of Shakespeare with their own (some 200 years later in 1807) to bring 20 of his best plays to the young reader. '

Bill Hocker's Photographs of Japan. 'More than other places visited Japan is a paradox, at once modern and ancient, chaotic and serene, conformist and unique, tacky and profound. That duality escaped my camera which seemed only interested in the traditional tourist venues of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples. I needn't apologize; however touristic these sites may be, one has the sense that they still contain the soul of Japanese culture.'

Cherokee Legends. Retold by Cherokee children.

The Walter Scott Digital Archive.

Jain Net. The comprehensive resource for Jainism.

Marxist Writers on Fascism. 'Index to the works of Marxists on the causes and nature of Fascism and how to fight it.' Mostly works by Trotsky and Gramsci.

Left Communism. 'The Left Communists were those Marxists who supported the 1917 Russian Revolution, but differed with Lenin and Trotsky over a number of issues including the formation of the Soviet government in the U.S.S.R., the tactics of the Comintern in Europe and America, the role to be given to autonomous and spontaneous organisations of the working class as opposed to the working class political parties, participation in Parliament, the relationship with the trade unions and the trade union leadership ... '

California Missions. 'This site features historic photographs of all 21 California Missions, from as early as 1895. '

Japanese Castles.

The Promised Key. A proto-Rastafarian tract. 'In 1933, Howell started to preach that the Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (Ras Tafari) was the Messiah, that Black people were the chosen people, and would soon be repatriated to Ethiopia. He soon attracted the attention of the colonial authorities, and was arrested in December 1934 for sedition. In March of 1934 he was sentenced to two years imprisonment, during which he apparently wrote The Promised Key ... '

The Jules Guesde Internet Archive. French socialist.

The Mermaid Inn, Rye. An historic pub dating from 1156.
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11th December


New plep's puzzle.

Photos West. 'The Western History / Genealogy Department houses a major collection of photography documenting the development of the American West. The gallery exhibits will introduce you to topics chosen from the collection. '

The Revival of Buddhism in Mongolia.

The Geffrye Museum Advent Calendar.

BBC Cumbria: Telling Lives. Oral history from the BBC.

Building Big. Civil engineering history - companion site to a PBS series.

Wangari Maathai. Nobel peace prizewinner, 2004. 'Wangari Muta Maathai was born in Nyeri, Kenya (Africa) in 1940. The first woman in East and Central Africa to earn a doctorate degree, Prof. Maathai obtained a degree in Biological Sciences from Mount St. Scholastica College in Atchison, Kansas (1964). She subsequently earned a Master of Science degree from the University of Pittsburgh (1966). She pursued doctoral studies in Germany and the University of Nairobi, obtaining a Ph.D. (1971) from the University of Nairobi where she also taught veterinary anatomy. She became chair of the Department of Veterinary Anatomy and an associate professor in 1976 and 1977 respectively. In both cases, she was the first woman to attain those positions in he region. Wangari Maathai was active in the National Council of Women of Kenya in 197687 and was it chairman in 198187. It was while she served the National Council of Women that she introduced the idea of planting trees with the People in 1976 and continued to develop it into broad-based, grassroots organization whose main focus is the planting of trees with women groups in order to conserve the environment and improve their quality of life. However, through the Green belt Movement she has assisted women in planting more than 20 million trees on their farms and on schools and church compounds.'

The Book of Were-Wolves. 'Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924) was a Vicar in the Church of England in Devon, an archaeologist, folklorist, historian and a prolific author. Baring-Gould was also a bit eccentric. He reputedly taught classes with a pet bat on his shoulder. He is best known for writing the hymn 'Onward Christian Soldiers'. '
'This book is one of the most cited references about werewolves. The Book of the Were-Wolf takes a rationalistic approach to the subject.'

From the Ends to the Beginning: A Bilingual Anthology of Russian Verse.

Tools for Thought. A history of computing written in the 1980s. 'Tools for Thought is an exercise in retrospective futurism; that is, I wrote it in the early 1980s, attempting to look at what the mid 1990s would be like. My odyssey started when I discovered Xerox PARC and Doug Engelbart and realized that all the journalists who had descended upon Silicon Valley were missing the real story. Yes, the tales of teenagers inventing new industries in their garages were good stories. But the idea of the personal computer did not spring full-blown from the mind of Steve Jobs. Indeed, the idea that people could use computers to amplify thought and communication, as tools for intellectual work and social activity, was not an invention of the mainstream computer industry nor orthodox computer science, nor even homebrew computerists. If it wasn't for people like J.C.R. Licklider, Doug Engelbart, Bob Taylor, Alan Kay, it wouldn't have happened. But their work was rooted in older, equally eccentric, equally visionary, work, so I went back to piece together how Boole and Babbage and Turing and von Neumann -- especially von Neumann - created the foundations that the later toolbuilders stood upon to create the future we live in today. You can't understand where mind-amplifying technology is going unless you understand where it came from.'

Man-Pai Japanese Prints.

Nigeria at 40. A special report, from 2000.

A New Deal for the Arts. 'During the depths of the Great Depression of the 1930s and into the early years of World War II, the Federal government supported the arts in unprecedented ways. For 11 years, between 1933 and 1943, federal tax dollars employed artists, musicians, actors, writers, photographers, and dancers. Never before or since has our government so extensively sponsored the arts...'

The Salt River Review. Poetry.

Children of India. Photographs.

The Lair of the White Worm, by Bram Stoker.

Sylvia. Web comic. 'Cat lovers adore this strip! Hollander uses her strong cast of characters -- a fairy godmother, the Woman Who Does Everything More Beautifully Than You, demon dogs and malicious cats -- to discuss social issues. Sylvia provides advice on everything from feminism to fashion, making it a hit with female readers. '

Underground Paris. 'Far below the city streets of Paris, in the quiet, damp darkness, seven million Parisians lie motionless. Their skeletons, long since dis-interred from the churchyard graves their survivors left them in, are neatly stacked and aligned to form the walls of nearly one kilometer of walking passage ...'

Thai Art.

Snowmen Are Flakes. Cartoons.

Santa Needs a Holiday. Cartoons.
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9th December


Shakespeare Illustrated.

Mukashiya Gallery Ukiyo-e Prints.

Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy 1921-29. 'Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929 assembles a wide array of Library of Congress source materials from the 1920s that document the widespread prosperity of the Coolidge years, the nation's transition to a mass consumer economy, and the role of government in this transition. The collection includes nearly 150 selections from twelve collections of personal papers and two collections of institutional papers from the Manuscript Division; 74 books, pamphlets, and legislative documents from the General Collections, along with selections from 34 consumer and trade journals; 185 photographs from the Prints and Photographs Division and the Manuscript Division; and 5 short films and 7 audio selections of Coolidge speeches from the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division. The collection is particularly strong in advertising and mass-marketing materials and will be of special interest to those seeking to understand economic and political forces at work in the 1920s.'

Fables of Jean De La Fontaine in English and French. 'The following are the fables of Jean De La Fontaine in English and French. There are 243 fables originally written in French by the poet Jean De La Fontaine in the late 1600's. He spent 26 years writing his versions of the fables. Most of these are originals from La Fontaine and those that are not are often quite different and more eloquent than other aesops fables of the same title. '

Sir Charles Lyell, geologist. '1797-1875, British geologist. After studying and briefly practicing law, he spent most of his life in travel and in popularizing scientific ideas. He championed and won general acceptance of the theory of uniformity of causes, which was first proposed by James Hutton (as opposed to the theory of catastrophism) in his Principles of Geology (3 vol., 1830?33), which went into 12 editions in his lifetime.'

Angkor: The Temples of Cambodia. Maps, photographs, etc.

West Riding Parishes. Histories of villages in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Haile Sellassie Family Web. The family of the last emperor of Ethiopia.

African Creation Myths.

Monstrous. An online encyclopaedia of monsters.

California Croonin'. Songs and sheet music about California.

Japanese Girl. Vintage postcards of Japanese ladies and geisha.

Dictionary of Victorian London. A guide to the social history of Victorian London.

La Cadena Que No Se Corta / The Unbroken Chain: The Traditional Arts of Tucson's Mexican-American Community.

Photographs of the American Civil War.

Nobel Physics Laureates.

Francis Palgrave: The Golden Treasury Of the Best Songs and Lyrical Poems in the English Language, 1875.

Report from Iron Mountain. 'The Report From Iron Mountain was a hoax written by Leonard C. Lewin in 1967 and published by the Dial Press. The idea for the Report came from Victor Navasky. In 1966, Navasky read an article in the New York Times on a stock market downturn due to a "peace scare". This gave him an idea for a report that would get people thinking about a peacetime economy (the hoax came out during the Vietnam War) and the stupidity of the arms race. With these aims in mind, Lewin wrote the hoax.'

The Rig Veda. An 1896 edition.

California 1900. Looking back.
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7th December


Linus Pauling's Research Notebooks.

Postmark Art.

Aboriginal Languages of Australia.

History of Appleby Magna, Leicestershire.

History of Sheepy Magna, Leicestershire.

Joseph Brodsky. Nobel literature laureate.

Connecticut College's Japanese Print Collection.

Autobiography of a Yogi, by Paramhansa Yogananda.

The Wilhelm Liebknecht Archive. German socialist.

Joseph Dietzgen Archive. Socialist history.
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6th December


The Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress.

CSS Alabama. American Civil War history.

C6 - H0: The Centre Harvard Game of 1921. 'As practically anyone who grew up in Kentucky knows, the Centre College football team defeated Harvard in 1921 by a score of six to nothing. In losing to the smallest college it had ever played, Harvard suffered its first intersectional defeat in four decades. Coming as it did at a time in which football was the most outstanding spectator sport in the nation, the game had such an impact on the sporting world that in 1950 the Associated Press named it the upset of the half century. For one glorious moment Centre College was, as the New York Times noted, catapulted into the center of the football universe ... '

Cabeza de Vaca. 'The Spanish conquistador Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was shipwrecked in 1528 on what is now Galveston Island. He lived among America's native peoples for the next eight years, transcending enslavement to become recognized as a great spiritual leader. Cabeza de Vaca was the first European to explore what is now Texas and the Southwest. His account, La relación, offers a remarkable historical portrait. It is also one of humankind's great adventure stories. '

Wilkie Collins. Victorian literature.

The Japan Society.

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Plant life.

William Harrison: A Description of Elizabethan England, 1909.

The Devi Gita (Song to the Goddess). 'This is an excerpt from a much larger work, the the Srimad Devî Bhagavatam. This self-contained text describes an incarnation of the Devi, the Goddess. She discourses on her nature, and how she wants to be worshipped, particularly with Yogic practices, meditation and rituals.'

The Daniel De Leon Archive. American socialist.
'The Daniel De Leon Internet Archive (DDLIA) presents the works listed below through courtesy of the Socialist Labor Party of America. The SLP (established 1890) has graciously agreed to allow the Marxists Internet Archive to mirror these files on the DDLIA.'
'The works assembled here have been transcribed from newspapers and other periodicals that De Leon edited or for which he wrote. Most come directly from bound volumes of The People (established as a New York weekly on April 5, 1891) and the New York Daily People (1900-1914).'

The Swift Report. Thanks, Matt.

Virtual Trips to Black Holes and Neutron Stars.

F.I.D.O. Web comic.

Road to the Isles. The islands of Scotland.

A Jewish History Primer.

Alive: The Andes Survivors. 'Friday, October 13, 1972, A Fairchild FH-227 twin turboprop airplane crosses the Andes Mountains carrying 40 passengers and 5 crew. The plane would disappear from the modern world and everyone on board thought to be dead, but 72 days later, 16 would emerge alive and tell their story...'

When Gold Blossoms: Indian Jewellery from the Susan L. Beningson Collection.

Temples of North Eastern India.

Serial Killers. From The Crime Library.
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4th December


New plep's puzzle.
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3rd December


Modern Ruins Photographic Essays. By Shaun O'Boyle.

Living Fossils of the Deep: An Expedition to the Bahamian Seafloor.

Illustrations to Dickens' 'Our Mutual Friend'.

Hiroshige: Tokaido Road.

Overcompensating. Oklahoma comic stories!

Max Longin's Float Bed.

Tengboche Monastery, Nepal.

Ye Olde Bulls Head Inn. A historic Anglesey pub.

Yoruba Legends, 1929.

The Garden of Eden; or The Paradise Lost & Found, by Victoria Claflin Woodhull, 1890. 'Victoria Claflin Woodhull was a 19th century feminist, spiritualist, and advocate for free love. She was the first woman to run for president (in 1872), the first woman stockbroker, and published the first American edition of the Communist Manifesto. Her view that women should be free to marry and take lovers based on conscience, not compulsion, set her at odds with other feminists. She was convicted of sending obscenity through the mails when her newspaper ran an exposé of a sex scandal involving two prominent preachers. In her later years Woodhull moved to England, married a respectable banker, and spent a lot of effort attempting to backtrack over her radical past ... '

Charles Darwin and His Writings. University of South Carolina exhibit of Darwiniana.

CS Forester and Horatio Hornblower. British lit.

Adam Smith. Scottish economist. "A great empire has been established for the sole purpose of raising up a nation of customers who should be obliged to buy from the shops of our different producers, all the goods with which these could supply them."

Chinese Paintings.

Braniff Airways History. 'From early days as a short-haul regional carrier to membership among the world's top twenty international airlines, Dallas-based Braniff International Airways made its mark in the world of aviation. Braniff revolutionized the concept of how an airline should look and operate, and in the process created an industry legend.'

The Handbook of Texas Online. 'The Handbook of Texas Online is a multidisciplinary encyclopedia of Texas history, geography, and culture sponsored by the Texas State Historical Association and the General Libraries at UT Austin. '

History of East Texas.

Fair Park Murals. 'Described as "one of the finest collections of Art Deco buildings in the country", Fair Park represents the epitome of collaborative public art that combined the talents of architects, artists and craftsmen.' Likelystories. Web comic.

The Museum of Broadcast Communications.

Homes for Sale. Composite photographs.

In the Realm of Golds and Kings: Arts of India.

Australian Fiction. Rare books exhibit.

New York's HIV Experiment. 'Jacklyn Hoerger's job was to treat children with HIV at a New York children's home. But nobody had told her that the drugs she was administering were experimental and highly toxic...' ... Except this story has been debunked or has it?! How confusing...
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1st December


Human Space Flight Gallery.

Yorkshire History.

The Religion of the Samurai.

Sayyid Qutb. Theoretician of radical Islam (and therefore one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century), executed by the Nasser regime.

Bulfinch's Mythology. Illustrated, with links... fantastic site.

Japanese Art from Edo to Meiji. Images, articles.

Saint Bartholomew's Church, Foston, Leicestershire. History, virtual tour, graves.

Specimens of Bushman Folklore, 1911.

Freedomland, USA. Amusement park memories. 'This is not the old amusement park.. but just a page that I have wanted to do for a long time. I am always interested in old Freedomland info.. as well as old Worlds Fair info, and other oddities. Anyone remember the Long Island Motor Parkway? anyway.. I'm Rob Friedman, and I'm here in Freeport on Long Island, NY, and I dedicate this page to my wife Sue..who always remembered Freedomland with fond memories. '

Edmund Burke Quotations.

Jackie McEntee's Magnificent Life Against Death. 'when Jackie McEntee was told she had cancer and might have only three to five years to live, she began an experience that sounds nightmarish. In the beginning, she suffered from bouts of exhaustion which forced her to sleep 16 hours a day. Over time, she suffered intense and growing pain throughout her body as a result of swollen bones, the sadness of losing close friends to cancer, frequent visits to doctors and healers, large amounts of medication (including the Interferon she has recently begun injecting into her stomach) and a loss of mental clarity and physical vigor. '
'Yet Jackie maintains that she'd rather live one year as she does now than 25 years of her previous life. She had not been unsatisfied before. Married to a man she met at 14, she raised two children; worked as a Catholic sister, educator and family therapist; volunteered widely in her community and enjoyed dozens of good friends. She regarded herself as unusually happy. But in the wake of her diagnosis, Jackie says she discovered a level of genuine peace and clarity going far beyond what she used to call happiness. '

Imaginary Endings. 'In search of this moment, and to inaugurate the Salon Gallery, we asked five artists -- Georganne Deen from Los Angeles, Janie Geiser from New York City, Jordin Isip and Melinda Beck from Brooklyn and Christian Northeast from Toronto -- to create works on the theme of death. The results are unique and unpredictable -- and hopefully will trigger something in all of you. '

Burning Man Panoramas. 'Everybody who goes to Burning Man with a camera wants to somehow capture all of it. That's not possible, but taking giant panoramic photos is as close as I have come. '

Imre Kertesz: A Medium for the Spirit of Auschwitz. Nobel literature laureate.

Hymns of the Sama Veda, 1895.

Illegal Art. Freedom of expression in the corporate age.

Mary Wollstonecraft. '1759-97, English author and feminist. She was an early proponent of educational equality between men and women, and her Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792) was the first great feminist document. '

Math and Science Song Database. 'The MASSIVE database (last updated on 11-12-04) contains information on over 1700 science and math songs. Some of these songs are suitable for 2nd graders; others might only appeal to tenured professors. '

Photos of Tibet in the 1940s.

Oliver Cromwell. BBC History site.
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