Kollwitz' is undoubtedly one of the most important
women of the modern age.'
'Her art developed completely autonomously and shows
all signs of genius. Her language ist understood
worldwide, whereas such prominent masters as Thoma and
Menzel find lasting acclaim only in Germany, or, at
most, in German speaking arcas.'
'With the exception of a few works commissioned for a
specific purpose, Kšthe Kollwitz' art is timeless; as
Nolde would say, it is "everlasting". Even Paula
Modersohn-Becker's art which is so important for early
Expressionism, does not carry the same significance
nor does it have the same international profile as
that of Kšthe Kollwitz ... ' Selected
Billboard Liberation Front. 'In the beginning was
the Ad. The Ad was brought to the consumer by the
Advertiser. Desire, self worth, self image, ambition,
hope; all find their genesis in the Ad. Through the Ad
and the intent of the Advertiser we form our ideas and
learn the myths that make us into what we are as a
people. That this method of self definition displaced
the earlier methods is beyond debate. It is now clear
that the Ad holds the most esteemed position in our
cosmology ... '
' ... Old fashioned notions about art, science and
spirituality being the peak achievements and the
noblest goals of the spirit of man have been dashed on
the crystalline shores of Acquisition; the holy
pursuit of consumer goods. All old forms and
philosophies have been cleverly co-opted and re"spun"
as marketing strategies and consumer campaigns by the
new shamans, the Ad men. '
Thai Buddha Image. 'For over 2500 years Thailand
has been under the peaceful shelter of Buddhism. The
Buddha's teachings (Dharma) colour almost every aspect
of life within the kingdom, uniting the people into a
harmonious, peace-loving society.'
'Images of the Buddha were originally created as an
object of worship and as a means of spreading the
Buddha's message. Accordingly the images were designed
not simply to represent the Buddha's physical
characteristics but his teachings too. '
'Overtime, and in different locations within the
kingdom, the specific form of Buddha images has
undergone subtle changes, creating visibly different
characteristics that reflect the cultural values,
craftsmanship and the influences of neighbouring
countries of the period ... '
II People's War. Stories about the war from a
British perspective; wonderful site.
back in 1932 I applied to join the army, and at
the medical the doctors tested me carefully ... here,
there, cough, so far so good ... and then one doc
said, 'I'm sorry, mate, but its no good, I'm afraid
Iíll have to fail you'. As I had a terrible stammer,
when I asked him why, he said, 'Well, if you was up
the Khyber Pass, before you could shout for help, your
throat would be cut!', so that was that, and no army
for Dicky Brew ... ' HMCS
Snowberry, Convoy Escort. 'During 1941 I served on
HMCS Snowberry as a submarine detector operator.
Snowberry was built on the Clyde at Greenock/Gourock
where she was commisioned. She was one of the original
flower class corvettes, and escorted several convoys
from the Clyde and Londonderry to Iceland,
Newfoundland and Nova Scotia often in appalling
weather. Corvettes were designed for coastal convoy
duty but were used for north Atlantic convoys, for
which they were unsuited. As such crews received
double 'hard lying money' because of the discomfort.
Convoys often took weeks because they had to zig zag,
and their speed was that of the slowest ship, such as
a whaling factory - often only three knots ... ' An
Encounter with a German Submarine 1941.
'Paul Jacoulet, born in France and raised in Japan,
fits into none of the mainstream art movements. His
Japanese woodblock prints are a mixture of traditional
ukiyo-e printmaking of highest standards and new
lavish techniques invented by the artist himself. A
Jacoulet print can be the result of up to 60 different
of Attica. Greek monuments and museums. 'This is
a sensitive map. It is also a "magic" map. Behind each
icon you see on your screen lays a fascinating piece
of the Greek history. If you wish to learn about it,
just select the icon of your preference on the map or
the corresponding title in the tables underneath. '
of Old Settle. A small town in the Yorkshire
Dales. 'This site contains a set of images depicting
Settle in the past. We have put them into these pages
so they can be appreciated by people all over the
world, as well as by local people who may be
particularly interested to see how Settle used to look
in by-gone days. '
Times. "All The News That's Very Near Correct".
American satire site with an urban focus.
Uppity Negro describes it as 'the black Onion'.
A Book of
(Go Rin No Sho), by Miyamoto Musashi. A classic on
military strategy, from medieval Japan. 'When I
reached thirty I looked back on my past. The previous
victories were not due to my having mastered strategy.
Perhaps it was natural ability, or the order of
heaven, or that other schools' strategy was inferior.
After that I studied morning and evening searching for
the principle, and came to realise the Way of strategy
when I was fifty. '
Eads' Architectural Drawings. American
architecture. 'In building the St. Louis Bridge,
James Eads faced hundreds of decisions. How would the
spans be stiffened? What would the train tunnel look
like? How big would the roadway be? Eads and his team
wrestled with these choices for over 8 years, drawing
detailed bridge construction documents to record and
help implement their ideas. We're lucky that many of
these drawings are preserved in the special
collections of the library at Washington University in
St. Louis ... '
at the Greek Ministry of Culture. 'During the
Mycenaean period, the female deity of Earth was
worshipped in the small settlement of Delphi. The
development of the sanctuary and oracle though, began
in the 8th century B.C. with the establishment of the
cult of Apollo. Under the protection and
administration of the Amphictyony, the sanctuary
continued to be autonomous after the First Sacred War
and, as a result, increased its panhellenic religious
and political influence. The Pythian Games were
re-organized, the sanctuary was enlarged and it was
enriched with nice buildings, statues, and other
offerings. In the 3rd century B.C. it came under the
domination of the Aetolians and later, in 191 B.C.,
was conquered by the Romans. During the Roman
occupation the site was sometimes plundered but was
also favoured by some of the emperors. With the spread
of Christianity, the sanctuary lost its religious
meaning and was permanently closed down with a decree
of emperor Theodosius the Great ... '
'Africa and more.com takes pride in providing
excellent service and quality ethnographic and tribal
artifacts on line. We have an outstanding selection of
African art, trade beads and collectible jewelry from
Yemen. Our inventory includes masks, figures,
currency, weapons, trade beads, archeological objects,
ancient beads and antique Bedouin and Yemini jewelry
Photographs. 'A portfolio of 20 haunting black and
white photographs primarily made by Sonam Gyatso
Thartse Ken Rinpoche (1930-1988), abbot of Ngor
Monastery in Tibet in the early 50's, before the
Chinese Occupation of Tibet. Other images were taken
by his brother Lama Kunga Rinpoche (1935- ) presently
teaching in Berkeley, California and his cousin Jetsun
Sakya Kushola, one of the highest woman Lamas in
Tibet, presently teaching in Vancouver, B.C. Photos
made by the few foreigners who entered Tibet before
the Chinese Communist takeover tend to appear staged
and their subjects overly emphasized. These photos
made by Tibetan ecclesiastics of their own environment
are direct and uncontrived even though they sometimes
depict some of the most famous celebrities of Tibetan
culture. Without being at all mystical these pictures
seem to be portraying the "unseen", a certain presence
that goes beyond the ordinary. Though Sonam Gyatso was
abbot of the strictest monastery in Tibet he
maintained a simple darkroom and photo lab. It is
fortunate for us that he left us this visual document
of a world now destroyed as seen in the photos of Ngor
Monastery before and after the Chinese Communist
Jubilee Songs. 'Combining the heritage of African
culture and the experiences encountered while in
bondage, early African American music would become a
unifying and driving force among America's slaves.
Spirituals, as many of these songs came to be called,
expressed faith in God, helped make work more bearable,
and also revealed plans to revolt. The songs' lyrics
offer a glimpse of the true horror slaves endured as
well as a hope and faith that one day they would be
free. The voice for generations of African Americans,
these songs laid the groundwork for the development
of other forms of music in America. '
Water. British environment blog.
'This blog exists to highlight examples of
sewage flooding in the Thames Water region. We don't
think sewage flooding is very nice and think that Thames
Water ought to sort the problem out. Please help us by
linking to this site.'
was a major annoyance in the area of Surrey where I
used to live; poorly maintained pipes seemed to be a major
contributing factor, along with blocked streams etc. One summer
my neighours and I actually did some dredging of our own
- getting down into the chest-high water in waders. It
was quite interesting to see the stream from that perspective,
especially if you're interested in natural history. It
was also very hard work.)
Roadside Architecture. Photos. Lots of them! Gas
stations, eateries, giant things, motels, bottle houses,
etc. 'Roadside Architecture is one of my life-long
passions. When I go off to agility trials on the
weekends with my dogs, I try to squeeze in side-trips
to check out unusual buildings, mini golfs, muffler men,
etc. My traveling range is usually limited to the
Northeast but you will find plenty of things included
that are outside this area as well. '
The Composers' Political Compass.
'Writers and artists have been generally more engaged in
the big political debates of their day than composers,
and their views are often more easily discerned through
their works. So how well can we tell the positions of
the great composers ? '
'Woody Allen quipped that every time he heard Wagner,
he was overcome with the urge to invade Poland. The
positions of most others are less clear in their work,
although we can hear the difference between the
assertive nationalism of Wagner and the gentle folk
nationalism of DvorŠk or Greig. In the case of opera,
of course, there are more clues. Mozart's, for example,
dealt with class war (The Marriage of Figaro) and the
liberal values of the Enlightenment. Biographies often
provide helpful political information as well. Some
composers, like Bartůk, were known to have championed
the underdog and sometimes clashed with the authorities
as a result. Others, like Stravinsky, Mascagni and
Puccini, enthusiastically embraced fascism. Still
others, like Smetana and Tchaikovsky, were tolerant
individualists who kept their distance from mass
movements ... '
the Political Compass website - see where
you stand, if you haven't already).
The Chinese in California 1850-1925.
'The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 illustrates
nineteenth and early twentieth century Chinese
immigration to California through about 8,000 images
and pages of primary source materials. Included are
photographs, original art, cartoons and other
illustrations; letters, excerpts from diaries,
business records, and legal documents; as well as
pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, sheet music, and
other printed matter. These documents describe the
experiences of Chinese immigrants in California,
including the nature of inter-ethnic tensions. They
also document the specific contributions of Chinese
immigrants to commerce and business, architecture
and art, agriculture and other industries, and cultural
and social life in California. Chinatown in San
Francisco receives special treatment as the oldest and
largest community of Chinese in the United States. Also
included is documentation of smaller Chinese
communities throughout California, as well as material
reflecting on the experiences of individuals. Although
necessarily selective, such a large body of materials
presents a full spectrum of representation and opinion
'In 1949, an A-bomb materials display room (called
A-bomb Memorial Hall) was opened to the public in the
Hiroshima Central Community Hall. The Hiroshima Peace
Memorial Museum and an accompanying building,
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Hall, were opened in Peace
Memorial Park in 1955 ... '
'an on-line exhibit
of folk paintings
by women artists
who live in the
of northern India.'
South Texas Border, 1900-1920: Photographs from the
Robert Runyon Collection.
'The Robert Runyon Photograph Collection of the South
Texas Border Area, a collection of over 8,000 items,
is a unique visual resource documenting the Lower Rio
Grande Valley during the early 1900s. Donated by the
Runyon family to the Center for American History in
1986, it includes glass negatives, lantern slides,
nitrate negatives, prints, and postcards, representing
the life's work of commercial photographer Robert
Runyon (1881-1968), a longtime resident of South
Texas. His photographs document the history and
development of South Texas and the border, including
the Mexican Revolution, the U.S. military presence at
Fort Brown and along the border prior to and during
World War I, and the growth and development of the Rio
Grande Valley. '
the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West
'Functioning as a de facto commons, the mountains have
supported a way of life that for many generations has
entailed hunting, gathering, and subsistence
gardening, as well as coal mining and timbering. The
online collection includes extensive interviews on
native forest species and the seasonal round of
traditional harvesting (including spring greens;
summer berries and fish; and fall nuts, roots such as
ginseng, fruits, and game) and documents community
cultural events such as storytelling, baptisms in the
river, cemetery customs, and the spring "ramp" feasts
using the wild leek native to the region.'
the Presses 'is a growing collection of classic
anarchist pamphlets and journals. Click on a cover to
open the issue.'
de Feure. 'The Dutch painter Georges Joseph Van
Sluyters was known in France under the pseudonym
Georges de Feure. Drawn at first to the art of
advertising posters, de Feure painted Symbolist
compositions of Baudelairian inspiration on the theme
of woman, and showed them at the Rose+Croix Salons.
Around 1900 he turned to the decorative arts. His
contributions to Bing's Art Nouveau pavilion at the
Universal Exposition of 1900 were much admired. Gifted
with a highly inventive mind, he was as skillful at
designing airplanes as theatre sets and costumes.' Gallery.
and Labrador Heritage.
'The heritage of Newfoundland and Labrador is the
result of a unique combination of geographical and
historical forces. Located on the northeastern corner
of North America, the province is closer to Europe
than any other part of the continent. '
'It was perhaps the first part of the New World to be
explored by Europeans. Firm archaeological evidence
has shown that Norse voyagers reached Newfoundland and
Labrador around 1000 C.E. There are also strong
indications that Newfoundland was the site of John
Cabot's landfall during his first voyage to North
America in 1497. In the wake of European voyages of
"discovery," migratory fishers from Portugal, France,
and Spain began to harvest cod off the coast of
Newfoundland in the early sixteenth century ... '
Luz Padilha. 'Jussara Luz Padilha was born in
Brazil. She arrived in New York at the age of 10 years
old. Her interest in art led her to receive a
scholarship to Pratt Institute. Soon after, she was
accepted to join "Yoko Masaki" in New York, a highly
successful design studio. She bacame deeply interested
in meditation which has made a strong impact on her as
an artist as well as a poet. ' Gallery.
'Mariann Johansen-Ellis was born in Denmark, but spent
most of her child-hood in Sweden. Following in the
footsteps of her grandfather, who was a woodcarver and
painter, it did however take Mariann until after
university to discover that the arts would be her
chosen career...' Gallery.
and Betty Ford Historical Photographs.
'This web page provides access to images of about 230
photographs comprising Series H (Historical
Photographs) of the Ford Library's White House
Photographic Office collection. They cover members of
the Ford, Gardner, and Bloomer families. The Gardners
were President Ford's mother's family and the Bloomers
were Betty Ford's family.'
The Magna Carta.
'King John of England agreed, in 1215, to the demands
of his barons and authorized that handwritten copies
of Magna Carta be prepared on parchment, affixed with
his seal, and publicly read throughout the realm. Thus
he bound not only himself but his "heirs, for ever" to
grant "to all freemen of our kingdom" the rights and
liberties the great charter described. With Magna
Carta, King John placed himself and England's future
sovereigns and magistrates within the rule of law ...
'With a distinct style embellished with linear grace
and high impact color harmonies, the murals of
Karnataka state in southern India have a romantic and
exciting history and are equal in artistic value to
the better known sculptures from the state.' 'There
is enough evidence to prove that mural art has played
as significant a role in the heritage of Karnataka.
That the renowned caves of Badami are decorated with
this style of painting is enough to confirm that the
style was extant before the 7th century A.D. The
narrative panels there give an idea of the monarch's
daily routine as also the life and times of the people
'India's streets are truly a melting pot of her
culture. Indians take to streets on all important
festive occasions, whether they are celebrating a
wedding, a victory, or a religious event. For a large
number of poor Indians, indeed, the streets are the
stage where the drama of their entire life unfolds...'
'Revolutionary movements in Russia, Germany, United
Kingdom, China, Cuba and the U.S. emphasized the
importance of literacy and education for its youth.
Major radical publishers had children's departments
and heated debates over expectations and development
of socialist character traits raged within parties and
in radical newspapers ... '