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15th January
Japanese Baskets.

Japanese Ningyo.

St Asaph Notitae. 'One of the first tasks of William Lloyd as Bishop of St Asaph was to issue directions to all incumbents in the diocese regarding the compilation of a Notitia of each parish (SA/MISC/535). In a letter to his chancellor, John Edwards of Llanymynech, dated 9 April 1681, the bishop mentions a synod to be held at St Asaph in the following June. He requests that his chancellor issue a process to the clergy of the diocese informing them of his intention, and also to send an encyclical letter to all incumbents:
'to desire everyone of them to consider maturely beforehand what things are amiss in the Church, and how every fault may be mended, and what as well may be improved; and everyone to bring what he has to suggest, and withall to give me a notitia of his own parish, I mean a roll of the names of all housekeepers, which may be easily made by transcribing the poor's rate, and adding to it the names of them that take alms, and the names of those few that neither pay nor receive. It will be no great trouble for each of them to make me such a roll.' ... '

David Lloyd George Diary. 'David Lloyd George (1863-1945) is the greatest international leader that Wales has ever produced. He had considerable influence over politics in Wales, Britain and Europe. He was Prime Minister from 1916 until 1922.'
'Lloyd George was born in Manchester in 1863 and brought up in Llanystumdwy by his widowed mother. He established himself as a solicitor in Cricieth and began taking an active role in local politics. In 1890 he was elected MP for Caernarfon boroughs. He played an important part in the 'Cymru Fydd'(Young Wales) movement that was campaigning for Welsh home rule, but following its failure he distanced himself from Welsh matters and concentrated on wider radical subjects ... '

Santos and Woodcraft, Religious Art by Henry Parra. 'am a Santero, a wood carver of bultos (statues), a wood craftsman, and a painter in the simple and humble traditions of Hispanic New Mexico. My trademark is my use of marvelous, wood materials found as I travel through the desert and mountains. I get a feeling that I will utilize these naturally formed pieces to create something. Then when I begin a new project, I discover why I had to lug it out and how I was to use my found piece. My greatest satisfaction is finding a truly special individual to whom my art, which has been called "primitive", is truly loved or appreciated, and brings joy to the heart ... '

Labor Notes. 'Putting the Movement Back in the Labor Movement.'

Limited Space. Online comic.

Barbizon School. 'About 1848, one of the earliest groups of French artists to work outside the Academy was forming. Theodore Rousseau and Jean-Francois Millet, among others, abandoned the upheavals of revolutionary Paris for the serenity of the Forest of Fontainebleau near the village of Barbizon. Inspired by Constable who had led the way in making landscape painting a faithful rendering of nature, the Barbizon painters sought to paint nature directly. '
'The Painters of the Barbizon School helped establish landscape and themes of country life as vital subjects for French artists. The Barbizon school also fostered an interest in visible reality, which was to become increasingly important to the Realists as well as to the Impressionists.'

Impressionists. 'The Impressionists, a closely-knit group of artists, met regularly at small restaurants such as the Cafe Guerbois, where they discussed painting and stressed the need for recording momentary sensations on the canvas and the importance of spontaneity. Manet's refreshingly direct look at life and his spontaneous yet monumental translation of what he saw into paint earned him the position as their unofficial leader. Though he regarded himself as a Realist, and never exhibited with the Impressionists, Manet strongly supported their choice of subject matter ... '

Leonid Storm 2001. 'Composite of 22 guided nighttime images and 1 image at sunset.'

Small Stories. 'Comics to make love to.'

Images of Earth and Water: The Tsa-Tsa Votive Tablets of Tibet. 'In 1938 after returning from one of his extensive expeditions to Ladakh and Western Tibet, the great Italian tibetologist Giuseppe Tucci published a volume on Stupa symbolism as part of the Indo-Tibetica series. The second part of this pioneering study is dedicated to the votive clay tablets known as tsa-tsa. Although Tucci was not the first to write about tsa-tsa, his study remains the only extensive exploration of this art form. The present article aims at updating some the information on this neglected area of studies ... '

Stanze e Loggia di Raffaello. 'Pope Julius II Della Rovere commissioned 25 year old Raphael Sanzio in 1508 to paint the frescos in his four room apartment on the top floor. Three of the rooms were of modest dimensions, while the fourth one was considerably larger; with the completion of the work, the rooms became known as "The Raphael Stanze" . They comprise the Stanza della Segnatura, the Stanza of Heliodorus, the Stanza of the Borgo Fire and the Sala of Constantine. The Raphael Loggia consist of 13 arches forming a gallery 65 meters long and 4 meters wide. The construction was started by Bramante in 1512, under Pope Julius II and was completed by Raphael Sanzio under the reign of Leo X. The pictorial work was initiated in 1517. The 52 scenes on the ceilings of the loggia are still popularly referred as "The Raphael Bible" ... '
Stanzas 1 through 6.

The Book of Hours of the Duc de Berry.

John Shaw. Nature, landscape and wildlife photography. 'Hailed by American Photographer as "one of the best nature photographers around," John regularly publishes his images in magazines such as Audubon, National Wildlife, and Outdoor Photographer. He has a number of books to his credit, and regularly leads workshops in nature and wildlife photography.'

Jane Davenport: Bug and Flower Photography. Galleries here.

Adam Kufeld: Cuba. Photography. 'I got the opportunity to go to Cuba for the first time in 1976 with the Venceremos Brigade. The Brigade had been going to Cuba since 1969, originally helping with the sugar cane harvest while learning of Cuban socialism. I, on the other hand, helped build a day care center alongside Cuban construction workers. During the day we hammered and sweated, at night we talked politics, and on the weekend we toured the island. I was impressed. I didn't see one child without shoes or malnourished. This was the first "third world country" I had been to where that was the case. It was said that if there is a privileged class in Cuba, it is the children; and after I had just spent a year traveling around much of Latin America, that seemed pretty admirable ... '

Mai Wah Society. The Asian heritage of Butte, Montana.
The Wah Chong Tai Company and Mai Wah Noodle Parlor buildings 'are the most important and least altered physical remnants of Butte's Chinese Heritage. The buildings are artifacts in themselves, perhaps the most significant historical resources associated with the ethnic heritage of Montana's Asian population ... '
Butte's Far Eastern influences.
The Tong Wars.

Alex. British satirical cartoons - online gallery.

Apparently. Mike Barfield's cartoons for 'Private Eye'.

Steven Appleby. British cartoonist.

David Austin. British cartoonist.

Iroquois Moccasins. 'The ability to run fast over great distances was important among the Iroquoian peoples, and remains a valued tradition today. Runners carrying messages of war or peace could traverse with remarkable speed the forest trails of what is now New York State and southwestern Ontario. Pride in this vital skill may explain why moccasins were among the most highly decorated articles of Iroquoian clothing. '

Citta del Vaticano. Virtual tour; many images. 'Bramante was entrusted in 1506 with the construction of the new San Pietro basilica, the renovation of the facade of the Apostolic Palace, completed by Raphael in 1519, and the construction of the massive wall and the three raised terraces between the Palace and Belvedere. In 1546 Michelangelo Buonarroti started planning the complex of the three apses and the dome. At the time of his death in 1564 the left apse and the drum, which would be vaulted under Sixtus V in 1585, were completed. To Sixtus V we owe the positioning of the obelisk in front of the basilica in line with the high altar (1586). In 1612 the facade of the church was erected and Pope Paul V Borghese could finally declare the conclusion of the whole project ... '

James Stanley Daugherty. Photography; not work safe.
The Voluptuous Figure.
Water Stories.

Wildlife Photography by John Wasserman.

Lettuce Ladies. 'Wearing nothing but strategically placed lettuce leaves, PETA's Lettuce Ladies raise eyebrows and open minds as they travel the country, educating people about vegetarianism and serving up delicious veggie food.'

The Wing Luke Asian Museum, Seattle.
'Wing Luke was born on February 25, 1925 in a small town near Canton, China. His family returned to the United States in 1930 when he was six years old and settled in Seattle where his father and grandfather had lived previously. In the University District, the family operated a small laundry and later a grocery store. Wing was the eldest of six children. In high school, Wing participated in a number of activities and was even then pursuing a political future. At Roosevelt High, he served as Boy's Club president, Student Body President, and as Seattle Inter-High Council President ... '
Permanent exhibitions.

Ancient Manuscripts from the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu. 'Timbuktu, Mali, is the legendary city founded as a commercial center in West Africa nine hundred years ago. Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the ancient manuscripts presented in this exhibition cover every aspect of human endeavor and are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages.'

A Chinese Joss House, Darwin, Australia. This building was destroyed in a storm in 1937.

14th January
Kyoto National Museum: Lions and Lion Dogs. 'Two years have passed since the last special spring display of Lions and Lion Dogs was held. Unlike previous years, this exhibition focuses on the style of guardian lion (J., shishi) and lion dog (J., koma inu) developed in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) by the Buddhist sculptor Tankei (1173–1256). In past exhibitions, the term, gTankei-style,h was used to describe stylistic changes and developments in the lion and lion dogs on display. This exhibition both explains and shows actual examples of the Tankei-style, which became the standard for later generations of sculptors. See stylistic innovations in lions and lion dogs from the late Heian period (794–1185) from Mikami Shrine (reflecting Chinese stylistic influences) to early Kamakura sculptures attributed to Tankei from Kōzan-ji Temple. Compare these to Standing Thousand-Armed Kannon by Tankei from Myōhō-in (now in Sanjūsangen-dō Temple), the standing images of the deities Zenmyōshin and Byakkōshin, and other Buddhist images by or influenced by this master sculptor. As the successor of his father Unkei (n.d.), the great Buddhist sculptor, Tankei fashioned his own distinctive sculptures while inheriting Unkeifs style. The lion and lion dog style and Buddha sculptures created by Tankei express a sense of quiescence and charm in their fullness and realism.'

Baroque Architecture of St. Petersburg. 'The inimitable beauty of St. Peterburg architectural ensembles and squares was extolled by many poets. The city dates its existence from May 16 (27, New Style), 1703, when the corner-stone of the Peter and Paul Fortress was laid. The city grew rapidly in accordance with a well thought-out plan. Its unique architectural monuments were created by the genius of such eminent Russian architects as Mikhail Zemtsov, Ivan Korobov and Piotr Yeropkin, and also by Western European masters - Domenico Trezzini, Bartolommeo Francesco Rastrelli, Alexandre Jean-Baptiste Le Blond, and others. The early eighteeth-century architectural ensembles were mainly constructed in the style known as the Petrine Baroque. The small buildings of the period are characterized by laconic architectural forms and festive colourfulness. In St. Petersburg the Baroque style found its fullest expression in Rastrelli's work. His Winter and Stroganov Palaces and the Smolny Convent are elegant and full of grandeur. The eighteenth-century architecture greatly influenced the shaping of the city appearence. Some of the buildings of the time are real masterpieces of world architecture.'

Superosity. Online comic.

Britney Spears. Online cartoons.

Miwok Myths, 1917. North American legends.
'The fourteen stories presented in this collection were secured during 1913 and 1914 among the Central Sierra Miwok of Tuolumne County, California. Three, which are exceedingly brief, were told by William Fuller of Soulsbyville. The remaining eleven were obtained from Thomas Williams of Jamestown ... '

Bleinheim Palace, Oxfordshire. 'The finest view in England'. With a virtual tour.

George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate & Gardens. With grounds and mansion tours.

Lotus Asian Art & Antiques. 'Lotus Asian Art & Antiques Gallery brings together exquisite Asian artistry from the Neolithic period to today's prolific talents. Lotus houses antiquities and contemporary art from across Asia. Featured works include sculpture, fine pottery, paintings, textiles, and furnishings.'

Photos of the Aurora Borealis. 'The photos below show the auroral displays from the Solar Storm of October 2003. '

Raguenet: A View of Paris with the Ile de la Cité. 'Boats filled with cargo make their way down the Seine River. On the near shore, several boats have docked and are unloading while gentlemen conduct business near by. During the late 1700s Paris was a bustling commercial center, and market places like this one were becoming a common sight. '

Saint-Aubin: The Country Dance. 'In this ambitious composition, fifty figures occupy themselves in activities ranging from the pure frivolity of dancing to the tenderness of a caress shared by mother and child. Inspired by Jean-Antoine Watteau's fêtes galantes,in which elegant people engage in a variety of diversions, often in an idealized park or garden setting, Gabriel de Saint-Aubin devised a similar rural subject. '

Chronicle of the Berlin Wall. Photographs and memories.

100 Years of Queensland Aboriginal Life. 'History & photographs showcasing a century of Aboriginal life in Queensland since 1897.'

Hidden Histories. Stories of indigenous life and children's art from Victoria.

Kokkei Shimbun. 'Among the many attractive Japanese postcards published in the first decade of the 20th century, the Kokkei Shimbun postcards are for me the most exciting.'
'The satirical magazine Kokkei Shimbun was launched in 1901, and the postcards appeared as a separate publication, The World of Postcards (Bessatsu Ehagaki Sekai), from May 1907 through June 1909. Each month, 30 postcards were printed on postcard-thickness paper, and folded uncut into magazine-size pages -- four to a page, except for the cover page which had a title design and only two postcards ... '

Mark Council. New England nature photographer. Photo galleries organised by season.
'The natural world has always been an important and peace-instilling part of my life, long before I learned to use a camera. I have a fairly extensive inventory of work, compiled for the most part since my move to northern New England in 1985. Examples at this site represent a tiny fraction of what is available. Most of my work captures scenes that I like to refer to as 'intimate' landscapes, close-ups or still -lifes found in nature that we often might overlook. In a time when our lives often force us to move at a frenetic pace, I feel getting in touch with the natural world helps me to slow down and rediscover a rejuvinating pace and nourishment to the day-to-day. I've been told on numerous occasions that my images help others to do the same.'

Natural Man Photos. Not work safe.

Szobor Park, Budapest. A park devoted to the giant statues of the Communist era.

Some Posters from the Soviet Union.

Greg Anka. Outsider art.

Dover Abrams. Outsider art.

Jorge Bambaren. A Peruvian artist inspired by pre-Columbian pottery.

Andrei Borodin. Russian outsider artist.

Joan Bunge.

Larry Malvin. Landscape photography.

Golden Gate Photo. Landscape photography by geologist/photographer Cleet Carlton.

Vintage Japanese Postcards: Japan-America Relations.

Vintage Japanese Postcards: Children.

Vintage Japanese Postcards: Scenics.

Museum of Communism. 'It would be a great tragedy if Communism disappeared from the earth without leaving behind an indelible memory of its horrors. Communism was not essentially about espionage, or power politics, or irreligion. Rather it was a grand theoretical synthesis of totalitarianism... a theory which millions of people experienced as the practice of murder and slavery. '

13th January
Skull Anatomy. An online tutorial with several different views.

Photos of Japan by Mark Hemmings.

Jean-Antoine Watteau. 'French painter (b. 1684, Valenciennes, d. 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne)'. Online galleries.

2003: Year in Review. Cartoons.

Deleted List of Texas Inmates' Last Meals. Courtesy of the Memory Hole.

The Oxford Book of English Mystical Verse. 'Comprising 390 poems by 162 authors, this unique anthology strings together "such poems as contain intimations of a consciousness wider and deeper than the normal." Spanning five centuries, every era of the great spiritualists is represented: from the Metaphysical Poets, like Donne and Traherne, to the Romantics, including Tennyson and Browning, to the Moderns, such as Yeats and Noyes.'

Elizabeth Lopez. Outsider artist.

My Own Private Bangalore. Photoessay of the Indian city.

An Apollo 15 Panorama. A view of the Moon.

Postcard from Mars. 'A martian Sol - the average martian solar day - is about 39 minutes longer than Earth's familiar 24 hour day. Operating on martian time, the Spirit rover recently sent back this color postcard image, recorded on Sol 5 of its stay on the martian surface. '

Moucheron: Italian Landscape with Riders. 'On an emphatically vertical canvas emphasized by the towering silhouettes of trees, Frederick Moucheron juxtaposed two wholly disparate landscapes. On the rugged right side of the canvas, several rustic figures travel along a rough mountain path with their animals. On the "civilized" left side, two noblemen ride along a broad avenue in an elegant park, while a coach-and-four heads toward a graceful fountain. '

Silberechts: River Landscape with Carriage Drawn by Six Horses. 'Followers of Flemish landscape specialist Jan Siberechts favored such subjects since they offered the opportunity to depict light glittering on moving water, a common element in many of his landscapes. The painter artfully framed the scene between twisting tree trunks and dressed these round shapes with lacy leaves. Siberechts made at least two versions of this composition. '

Children's Nature Books. 'We have had a wonderful response to the Peabody's Young Authors and Illustrators display in our Children's Nature Books exhibit. Here are some of the delightful stories that children have sent to us. '

Buddhist Suttas. Translated 1881.

Tlingit Myths and Texts. 'This is a massive study of the myths and legends of the Tlingit, Native Americans of southern Alaska. These texts include a lengthly cycle of stories about Raven, the trickster figure of the Northwest, the equivalent of the better known Coyote of the Southwest. Another major thread that runs through these stories is the typical Northwestern preoccupation with wealth and status. The land was abundant with marine life, wildlife and other resources. The Tlingit, along with other cultures in the region, had developed a very high level of material wealth, as well as levels of social inequality not found elsewhere in North America. For this reason, many of the stories are parallel to European folklore (without being derivative in the slightest way), in which a low-status person achieves wealth and respect by supernatural intervention or a series of epic trials ... '

The Volsung Saga, translated by William Morris.

Zen Paintings: Kogaku Soen. 'Kogaku Soen was ordained a monk in 1871 at the age of twelve. He received Dharma transmission in 1884 at the age of twenty-five from his teacher, Kosen Soun (1816-1892). He was devoted to Zen Buddhism but he also was intensely interested in other forms of practice and studied in a Tendai temple for 6 months. Just when he was expected to settle down to a career in a Zen temple, he decided to go to Ceylon. This a highly unusual thing for a Zen monk to do. However, at this time, Ceylon was thought to be the place in the world where the purest Buddhism was practiced. The Buddhism of Ceylon was considered to be the closest to the original teachings of the Buddha ... '

Zen Paintings: Nantembo.

Zen Paintings: Deiryu.

Dossi: Mythological Scene. 'An array of enticing visual clues has given rise to many theories about Dosso Dossi's Mythological Scene , but no one has determined the painting's precise meaning. The cupids in the sky, the lush setting, and the sensuous nude lying on a bed of flowers indicate that the subject is love. The male figure on the right is the Greek god Pan, a satyr. In Renaissance allegories he personifies lust, since he seduced the nymphs with the music of the pipes held in his left hand. The sleeping nude in the foreground may be the nymph Echo, who spurned Pan for Narcissus. The old woman at the center of the group could be Echo's protector Terra, who sits above her and shields her from harm. Next to the old woman and dressed in a green gown, billowing red cape, and armor is a mysterious and yet to be identified woman. Her costume indicates that she is likely a goddess. Dossi painted this figure and then changed his mind and covered her up with a landscape. She was uncovered again during a restoration in the 1800s ...'
Closeup: Music book.
X-ray. 'The X-ray image reveals extensive overpainting and changes.'

Giulio Romano: The Birth of Bacchus.

Yeggy Studio. Eritrean artist. 'Yegizaw Michael is creating a powerful synthesis of traditional East African art and modern international style. His paintings convey the richness of his Eritrean culture with ideas and subjects from the larger contemporary world ...'

The Merka Art Gallery. 'My name is Mohamed Buwe Osman, a native of Merka, Somalia- an ancient historical town 40 miles south of Mogadishu. It is known for its beautiful white sandy beaches and stunningly colorful orange dunes which are reflected in most of my paintings.'
'Africa gave me the blessing of exposure to the inspiring world of contemporary art. While attending Medical School in Europe, the beautiful culture enriched my curiosity in Classical Art. North America provided me with unlimited opportunities of enjoying not only the practice of medicine but as well as Art ...'

Antique Light Bulb Collector. 'This site was first created in November of 1997 with the hope of meeting other antique light bulb and vacuum tube collectors on the Internet. Over the years I've met some interesting people through this site and have added many things to my collection and have helped other collectors add to their growing collections. This site continues on with its original purpose of sharing items from my collection through pictures. Such items include antique light bulbs, early radio tubes and box art, Geissler and Crookes discharge tubes, x-ray tubes, Aerolux figural neon glow lights, vintage Christmas lights and more. I invite visitors to browse and download old lighting catalogs, early historical books on lighting, and a vast assortment of other paper items from the paper archives made available through this site ... '

Virtual Corkscrew Museum.

Antique Figural Bottle Cap Openers.

High Wheel Bicycles. Gallery of penny farthings etc.

British Lawnmower Museum.

A Foreword to Some Memoirs. Online story.

Red China Posters under Mao. 'Committed to a more egalitarian social and economic order, Mao Zedong and other leaders of the Communist Party set about fashioning a new China, one that would empower peasants and workers and limit the influence of landlords, capitalists, intellectuals, and foreigners. Spreading these ideas was the mission of the propaganda departments and teams. Political posters, reproduced from paintings, woodcuts, and other media, were displayed prominently in classrooms, offices, and homes. The artists who produced these works had to follow the guidelines set by Mao Zedong at the 1942 Yanan Forum for Literature and Art. Art was to serve politics and further the revolutionary cause. Toward that end, it must be appealing and accessible to the masses. Artists, previously fairly independent from politics, were now a key component in the revolutionary machine. "Cultural workers" were sent out to villages and factories to study folk art and learn from real life. In addition, workers and peasants were encouraged to attend art schools and create artwork of their own ... '
Leaders and role models.
Youth and education.
Cultural revolution.

Piranesi: An Ancient Port. 'When he was twenty-three, Piranesi made this preparatory study for an etching. The etching was published as part of a series of architectural and perspective images. He combined arches, pedestals, columns, bridges, and sculptures in an imaginative reconstruction of monumental and complex classical architecture. Piranesi took a creative approach when he made architectural fantasies like this one, using antique ruins as his point of departure ...'

Temple of Amon. Photograph from 1853.

Canaletto: View of the Arch of Constantine with the Colosseum.

Invertebrate Paleontology Images. 'This gallery presents images of fossils from the research collections in the Division of Invertebrate Paleontology. We have attempted to showcase display quality individuals and spectacularly preserved specimens from our type and systematic collections. We have also included a sample of faunas from various fossil bonanzas (lagerstatten) represented in the Peabody collections. Specimen and locality information accompanies each image when possible.'

China's Feathered Dinosaurs. Small but worthwhile online exhibit. 'In one of the most electrifying paleontological discoveries of the century, fossils recently unearthed in northeastern China have revolutionized our understanding of the origin of feathers and flight in dinosaurs ... '

12th January
My Life in Tattooing by Kazuo Oguri. Japanese tattooist who takes inspiration from the ukiyo-e masters.

Surimono: Ukiyo-e Refined. 'Virtually everyone familiar with Asian art has been exposed to Japanese woodblock prints. Woodblock artists, such as Hokusai and Hiroshige, are exalted for their genius of design. Western painters of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as Manet, Whistler, Degas, Monet, Gauguin, van Gogh, Seurat, Toulouse-Lautrec, Cassatt . Klimt and countless others, have all been influenced by the Japanese woodblock art. Even though there is a universal appreciation for this Japanese artform, little is known about the privately published woodblock print, the surimono. Japanese woodblock prints are better known as ukiyo-e, meaning pictures from the floating world. Ukiyo-e prints were reflections of the non-aristocratic Japanese life-style. The subject matters for ukiyo-e prints were based on the theatre. Scenes of actors in popular plays and scenes from everyday life were admired by the common people. These prints were disdained by the aristocracy as genre art. The ukiyo-e prints were commercially produced, involving the artist, engraver, printer and publisher to complete a series of woodblock prints. Often the prints were misregistered or lacked in intense scrutiny of fabrication. Surimono on the other hand are the finest examples of the ukiyo-e tradition ... '

Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Flintshire. 'For centuries the concept of magic has fascinated society. In pre-literate societies, "white" magic was believed to provide cures and blessings not otherwise available in religion and medicine. On the other hand, "black" magic was injurious and involved the performance of a conscious act of evil such as cursing a neighbour or harming a cow.'
'In the middle ages a new factor emerged, developed by theologians and lawyers, the concept of the demonic pact. Witches, it was argued, acquired magical powers by direct association with the Devil. By the end of the fifteenth century, witchcraft and religious heresy were seen as objects of fear and sporadic persecutions at a local level were transformed in some areas into a determined campaign to eliminate every trace of witchcraft. Organised "hunts", primarily the persecution of women, were common during the seventeenth-century and fuelled accusations of witchcraft, torture and execution throughout much of Europe. Evidence from the gaol files of the Court of Great Sessions show that witches were persecuted in Wales, as in these cases from Flintshire ... '

Ystrad Marchell Charters. 'Although there are few visible remains today of the Cistercian abbey of Ystrad Marchell near Welshpool, the evidence of the charters reveals it to have been a religious house of some wealth and importance within medieval Powys. Following its foundation in the late twelfth century by Owain Cyfeiliog (d. 1216), prince of southern Powys, it acquired many gifts of land and grants of privilege. Original charters and copies of charters now missing, by which such benefactions were made, are found in various archives held by a number of repositories, the most important being a group of some thirty-five charters from Gwenwynwyn and other princely benefactors among the Wynnstay Estate Archives at the National Library of Wales ... '

Operation Northwoods. 'According to documents ordered declassified by the Assassination Records Review Board, the Joints Chiefs of Staff in 1962 approved a plan-codenamed Operation Northwoods-to create a pretext for an invation of Cuba. The Joint Chiefs recommended developing a "terror campaign in Miami, Washington, DC, and elsewhere, which would be blamed on Cuba. Ships would be bombed, planes hijacked, and innocent Americans killed, producing "casualty lists" which "would cause a helpful wave of national indignation." On March 13, 1962, the plan was sent to Secretary of Defense Rober McNamara, who presented it to President John F. Kennedy...'

In Motion. 'A multicultural, online US publication about democracy.'

Marc Chagall: Complete Catalogue of the Printed Graphic Work.

Redemption 2000. 'A Documentary Photography Project by Israeli Photographer Ittai Bar-Joseph. Black and white fine art photography documenting Third Temple groups such as Temple Mount Faithful, Chai Vekayam and Beged Ivri, as well as more common aspects of religion in Jerusalem and Israel.'

2001 Leonids Storm Photo Gallery.

Pasaquan. An 'outsider art' environment in the US state of Georgia.
'He was born Edward Owens Martin, the son of a Marion County share-cropper, arriving on the 4th of July, though his world would be neither red, white nor blue. He would die as the self-proclaimed St. EOM, The Wizard of Pasaquan, a visionary culture shown in a feverish dream and which he built on parched Georgia land that he once had farmed. He became its founder, its prophet and its artistic icon...'

The Gyros Project, 'featuring the gyros signs of Chicago'.
'These masterpieces of prosaic art, in which anonymous artisans lovingly render a staple of the culinary underclass, put transcendence on the street corner. Fast food is not the usual subject of creative vision, nor ramshackle shacks and under-the-El storefronts its usual location, but that makes this accidental outdoor art show all the more pleasing. '

Roadside Art: Wisconsin. 'Wisconsin doesn't have a lock on spectacular roadside visionary creations. Places like Watts Towers in L.A. or the Garden of Eden in Kansas see to that. But per square mile, the quality and number of its art environments are unmatched. The grottos, sculpture gardens and personal statements run the length of the state and the gamut, from the grand religious messages of Holy Ghost Park in southwestern Dickeyville to Fred Smith's patriotic masterwork in north-central Phillips ... '

UCM Museum. 'Louisiana's Most Eccentric Museum - This roadside attraction near New Orleans is a folk art environment featuring thousands of found objects, and home made inventions. See a miniature Southern town with push-buttons that activate animated "displays." On exhibit are odd collections, memorabilia, and old arcade machines that are a lot of fun to play.'

Tinkertown. A museum of tinkering about, in New Mexico.

Cross Dressing in Indian Theatre. 'The fiercely conservative social system of India did not encourage co-ed theater and it became common to have all male or all female actors/actresses during a play. Most of the pictures in this series should be seen in the context of theater, although a few of them are the pictures of transvestites, popularly known as Hijras whose primary profession is entertainment.'

The Story of the Saree. 'The Indian Saree (a.k.a. Sari, Seere, Sadi) boasts of oldest existence in the sartorial world. It is more than 5000 years old! It is mentioned in Vedas, the oldest existing (surviving) literature (3000 B.C.) Patterns of dress change throughout the world now and then but, the Sari has survived because it is the main wear of rural India. 75% of the population (now a billion as per official estimate) wear versatile sari. We can certainly call this cloth versatile because it could be worn as shorts, trousers, flowing gown-like or convenient skirt-wise--all without a single stitch! ... '
More saree articles and pictures.

Jo Chujo: Hospital. 'Jo Chujo is a 23 year-old photographer living in Shinjuku, Tokyo. These are photographs from her 1997 "Hospital" series.'

Takanobu Kobayashi 'is a travelling oil painter based in Tokyo. These are selections from work done in rural France and Thailand.'

Photo Echoes. Astronomical and nature photography.

All the Sky. Digital images of the sky.
Shadow, glory and fogbow.
Sun, halo and shadow.
Fog corona.

Nicolar Poussin. Over 100 paintings by the great classicist online.

Poussin at the Getty Museum.
Two Girls Accompanied by Cupid.

Galerie Walu. African art online.

Gallery DeRoche. Art of Africa, Oceania and the Americas. Online catalogue.

The Aurora Page. 'In these nine pages are many incredible images, selected from the works of Jan Curtis. Photographs were taken in and around the Fairbanks, AK area.'

Sun Pillar.

Pissarro: Landscape.

Luca Penni: The Entombment.

Hans Jacob Plepp: Stained Glass Design.

11th January
Spinning Jennie. Good news.

Intl News.

Bob from Accounting. Satire.

Chandra Press Room. Astronomical images; large collection.

Algonquin Legends of New England, 1884.

Heimskringla or The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway. 'Originally written in Old Norse, app. 1225 A.D., by the poet and historian Snorri Sturluson. English translation by Samuel Laing (London, 1844).'

Great Castles of Wales. 'This homepage is my tribute to the country that has the finest and purest examples of fortified medieval architecture: the Castles of Wales. Here you will find the pictures, plans and history of some of the largest and important of those. '

The Lore and Lure of the Yosemite: The Indians Their Customs, Legends and Beliefs, and the Story of Yosemite, 1922.

Art of the Northern Song Dynasty. 'The Song dynasty (960-1279) was culturally the most brilliant era in later imperial Chinese history. A time of great social and economic change, the period in large measure shaped the intellectual and political climate of China down to the twentieth century. The first half of this era, when the capital was located at Bianliang (modern Kaifeng), is known as the Northern Song period ... '

Nepalese Sculpture. 'The Nepalese sculptures in the collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art were created primarily by the Newars, one of Nepal's many ethnic groups, in the Kathmandu valley, an area encompassing about 200 square miles in central Nepal. Predominantly Buddhist, Newari artists became renowned throughout Asia for the high quality of their work. At times, Nepalese style had tremendous influence on the art of China and Tibet, as both countries imported art and artists from Nepal to adorn their temples and monasteries.'

Leonardo da Vinci. 'Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is one of the most intriguing personalities in the history of Western art. Trained in Florence as a painter and sculptor in the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), Leonardo is also celebrated for his scientific contributions. Leonardo's curiosity and insatiable hunger for knowledge never left him. He was constantly observing, experimenting, and inventing, and drawing was, for him, a tool for recording his investigation of nature. Although completed works by Leonardo are few, he left a large body of drawings (almost 2,500) that record his ideas, most still gathered into notebooks. He was principally active in Florence (1472-ca. 1482, 1500-1508) and Milan (ca. 1482-99, 1508-13), but spent the last years of his life in Rome (1513-16) and France (1516/17-1519), where he died. His genius as an artist and inventor continues to inspire artists and scientists alike centuries after his death.'

Maiolica. 'Maiolica, the refined, white-glazed pottery of the Italian Renaissance, was adapted to all objects that were traditionally ceramic, such as dishes, bowls, serving vessels, and jugs of all shapes and sizes. It was also used as a medium for sculpture and sculptural reliefs, as well as floor and ceiling tiles. The latter were rectangular, laid side by side across specially adapted joists...'

Bob's Big Boy. Roadside americana.

Roadside Neon.

Roadside Arizona. Motels, eateries, icons, etc.

Roadside Las Vegas.

Roadside Drive-ins.

Congo Expedition 1909-1915.

Congo Trek. National Geographic site. 'For 15 months Wildlife Conservation Society biologist J. Michael Fay hiked across central Africa (map)—1,200 miles (2,000 kilometers) through dense forests and remote villages—to Africa's Atlantic coast.'
'Along the way Fay and his team surveyed the land and wildlife of the Congo River Basin, recording animals and plants that may well become threatened as humans press into the wilds.'
'Using digital cameras and a lightweight computer system, Fay documented his trek through frequent dispatches to this site ... '

Peaceful Wind. Indian, Himalayan and Southeast Asian art. Great collection of masks.

James Singer: Art of Tibet and Nepal.

James Singer: Art from India, Pakistan and Southeast Asia.

James Singer: Contemporary Japanese Ceramics.

Mondrian: Chrysanthemum.

Massys: The Virgin and Child with Saints.

Massys: The Virgin and Child Enthroned.

Massys: A Grotesque Old Woman.

Gossaert: Adam and Eve.

July 2003 Aurora Gallery. Space weather - aurorae borealis, aurorae australis.

June 2003 Aurora Gallery.

May 2003 Aurora Gallery.