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24th January
The Girls Next Door. Sex slavery in the Western world today. Via MeFi.

Camping with the Sioux: Fieldwork Diary of Alice Cunningham Fletcher.

Toshi Yoshida. 'Toshi Yoshida was an artist of great breadth and vision. Known primarily for his woodblock prints, he was also a remarkable painter and illustrator. His style cannot be easily summarized, because he was constantly innovating and pushing the boundaries of the woodblock medium. His work ranges from realistic landscapes to imaginative abstract designs to detailed portraits of animals in their environments.'

Christ Church Spitalfields. Hawksmoor's wonderful church in the East End of London.
'Christ Church was built under the Act of Parliament of 1711 which required the building of fifty new churches to serve the new populations on the fringes of London. The Act established a Commission that was to determine the brief for the new buildings; its members included Wren, Vanbrugh and Archer. Hawksmoor and Dickinson were appointed as Surveyors to carry out the programme. In 1710 the roof of St Alfege, Greenwich had collapsed, and its parishioners petitioned the Commission to provide money for rebuilding the church; it became the first of the series that Hawksmoor designed. Of the intended fifty churches, when the programme expired in 1731 only twelve had been built, of which six were designed by Hawksmoor.'

Giornale Nuovo.

Time Magazine Newsfile: Watergate. 'Richard Nixon has been on the cover of TIME more times than anyone, and his involvement in the Watergate scandal was a big reason why. Nixon's abuse of power left footprints throughout Watergate - from the bugging of the Democratic National Committee headquarters to the subsequent cover-up - and it changed the way the media covered politics. TIME's cover stories chronicled the events, include the naming of Judge John Sirica Man of the Year in 1973 and Nixon's struggle for renewal in the final years of his life. '

The Washington Post: Revisiting Watergate.

Errico Malatesta. Anarchist; biography and works.

Takeji Asano. 'Born in Kyoto, Takeji Asano studied art in his youth. He graduated from the Kyoto City School of Fine Arts and Crafts in 1919 and from the Kyoto City Specialist School of Painting in 1923. One of his early teachers was the artist and printmaker Tsuchida Bakusen, with whom he studied Japanese-style painting. Asano helped to organize the Kyoto Creative Print Society (Kyoto Sosaku-Hanga Kyokai) in 1929.'

Streets of San Francisco: A Personal Geography.

Agayuliyararput: Our Way of Making Prayer. Yup'ik masks from Alaska.

Truth of a Hopi. 'This is one of the rarest types of ethnographic documents, one actually written by a native American. Mr. Nequatewa ably relates some of the mythological stories also covered by Voth. However, the bulk of this book--by far the most valuable section--covers the historical legends of the Hopi, from a Hopi viewpoint. The Hopi 'theory' (Nequatewa's word) was that the 'Bahana' (the white people) emerged from the under-world alongside the Hopi, and went off in search of the truth. Someday they would return and live in harmony with the Hopi, bringing wisdom and great abundance ... '

The Traditions of the Hopi. 'This book of Hopi folklore, collected by an ethnographer early in the 20th century, is one of the most extensive available. It is now known that the Hopi were a bit selective in what they told the earliest researchers, but this does not lessen the value of this collection, or call into question its authenticity. '

Ascension of Saint John the Evangelist. 15th century art.
'The altarpiece is complete and was dedicated to Saint John the Evangelist. It came from the Camaldolese Nunnery of San Giovanni in Pratovecchio, Italy ... '

Lorenzo Monaco: The Coronation of the Virgin.

Portraits of the Dalai Lama since the 17th Century.

Enlightened Protectors. Tibetan art.

Tibetan Deities.

Portraits of Lamas.

Gelug Mandalas.

Celeb. Cartoons.

Stan Eales. Cartoons.

Vigee Le Brun: Self Portrait in a Straw Hat.

Vigee Le Brun: Mademoiselle Brongniart.

Judith Leyster: A Boy and a Girl with a Cat and an Eel.

The Shakers. 'The Shakers were a unique Christian group who fled persecution in England, arriving in America in the 18th Century. They believed that their founder, Ann Lee, was the second coming of Christ. The Shakers believed that God had both male and female aspects, and practiced equality of men and women at all levels in their organization. They were one of the first churches in America to integrate their congregations, involving both Blacks and Native Americans from the very start. Known for simple values, hard work, communal living and absolute celibacy, the Shakers went into a long decline during the 20th Century. They are only today represented by a few elders at one farm. It is difficult not to be moved by their sincere belief that any act, including dance, song, and even manual labor, can be an act of worship ... '
The Shaker Compendium.

Tenderfoot Days. 'This is a memoir by a non-Mormon about his experiences in the prospecting camps of Utah at the turn of the 19th century. It was donated to sacred-texts by the anonymous volunteer who goes by the name of 'Some Dude'. This is a first-person perspective by an outsider to the then newly minted state of Utah, which gives both a sympathetic account of the Mormons, while bringing up some darker aspects about their history. He also presents a stereotypical portrayal of the Native Americans of the region. As always, we encourage readers to consider the historical context in which this book was written, as well as retain a critical point of view. '

Under the Prophet in Utah. 'This is a memoir of Frank J. Cannon (1859-1933). Although born into a prominent Mormon family, Cannon was a freethinker and a progressive. He recounts an insiders' view of the painful process by which the Mormon church and the state of Utah became integrated into the United States. He played an active role in this history, lobbying for statehood both in the halls of Washington D.C. and in the inner councils of the Mormon church. This work is highly critical of the Mormon hierarchy, the conformist and inward-looking aspects of Mormon society, and of polygamy. However, he also praises the social programs of the Church. This is an important source document for the history of the Mormon people and the state of Utah. '

Thackeray's Globules. 'Rich star fields and glowing hydrogen gas silhouette dense, opaque clouds of interstellar gas and dust in this Hubble Space Telescope close-up of IC 2944, a bright star forming region in Centaurus, 5,900 light-years away. The largest of these dark globules, first spotted by South African astronomer A. D. Thackeray in 1950, is likely two separate but overlapping clouds, each more than one light-year wide ... '

The North America Nebula.

The Rosette Nebula.

23rd January
Images of Mars from Mars Express. Good links from this page, too.

A Literary Calendar. Profiles of writers, by birthday.

Mostly Flowers. Photography.

Chocolate and Zucchini. A foodie weblog, from France.

Geisha Asobi. One of Japan's greatest weblogs.

Mathematical Patterns in African American Hairstyles.

Burns Night. 'Robert Burns: poet and balladeer, Scotland's favourite son and champion of the common people. Each year on January 25, the great man's presumed birthday, Scots everywhere take time out to honour a national icon. Whether it's a full-blown Burns Supper or a quiet night of reading poetry, Burns Night is a night for all Scots.'

Pop-up and Moveable Books. Online exhibitions.

Takahashi Shotei. 'The work of Takahashi Shotei (also known as Hiroaki or Komei) paved the way for many other shin hanga designers. Takahashi was the first artist to work with the publisher Watanabe Shozaburo, and he designed prolific numbers of prints, more than any other shin hanga artist. Though many of Takahashi's prints were intended simply as inexpensive tourist souvenirs, some are high quality, memorable designs worth consideration by collectors. '

Jimi Hendrix. 'Welcome to, the official Jimi Hendrix Website. '

The New Jersey Churchscape.

Gallery Lemaire. Tribal art from Africa, Oceania, and Asia.

Modern Landscapes, Modern Beauties: The Woodblock Prints of Ito Shinsui.

Expressions of Style: Netsuke as Art. Online netsuke exhibit.
'Japanese netsuke are small carvings that once served to anchor accessories to the broad sash worn with the traditional Japanese kimono. Their compact size provided an opportunity for the artist to demonstrate their skill and creativity, while their varied subject matter and materials allowed the wearer to express his class, wealth, and style.'

Steve Bell. Cartoons, political satire.

Canaletto. Comprehensive gallery of his work.

Watteau. Gallery of his work.

Paul Cezanne. Comprehensive gallery.

Sahara. 'Seen from space, the African continent stares out like a vast and dusty eye amid a calm sea of blue and green. She looms large, daring all who see her to comprehend her mysteries ... '

Marc Chagall and His Paintings.

Caravaggio. Art.

Hiroshi Yoshida. Japanese printmaker.
'Hiroshi Yoshida (1876-1950) brought a special perspective to twentieth-century Japanese printmaking. To show the same scene at various times of the day, in different lights, he used different colors on the same blocks, as can be seen in the two versions of Himeji Castle. His prints have a certain three-dimensional effect, which he achieved by making many impressions of similar or contrasting color on the same block, to achieve shadows and shadings of color. He was known for his excellent rendering of the sea, as can be seen in this print from his famed Inland Sea series. His Japan Alps series was also acclaimed, as was his series of the much-loved Japanese cherry blossoms. His curiosity about the world outside of Japan led him to various countries, including India, China and the United States, where he applied his Japanese printmaking techniques to foreign subjects, again to great praise. '

Toyohara Kunichika. 'Scenes from the Lady Murasaki Shikubu's 11th century novel, The Tale of Genji have been illustrated an infinite number of times in paintings, prints, lacquer ware and ceramics. Kunichika was not the first artist to publish a series of prints based on The Tale of Genji. In fact, his teacher Kunisada had produced the original Rustic Genji illustrations for Ryotei Tanehiko's novel, An Imposter Murasaki and a Rustic Genji, 1828. '
'Kunichika's title Fifty-Four Modern Feelings is a play on words: the characters that can be read "Genji" as in The Tale of Genji, literally translates to mean "contemporary times" (genji). '

William L. Brown Cartoons.

Jason Brooks. Highly distinctive computer generated illustration.

Ian Baker. Cartoons.

Merton D. Simpson Gallery: Africa. 'The Gallery has an extensive and excellent collection of African art from numerous regions. We have, over the past forty seven years, provided quality objets d'art to museums, collectors, and corporations throughout the world. Our particular specialty lies in important pieces from Benin, but we also carry pieces from Gabon, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Congo and other regions. Click on thumbnails to show details.'

Merton D. Simpson: Oceania. Native and tribal art.

Sedimentary Mars. 'High-resolution imaging of an area in the Schiaparelli Basin of Mars on June 3 by the MGS Mars Orbiter camera produced this stunning example of layered formations within an old impact crater. On planet Earth, such structures would be seen in sedimentary rock -- material deposited at the bottom of ancient lakes or oceans and then subsequently weathered away to reveal the layers. With the Sun shining from the left, the central layer appears to stand above the others within the 2.3 kilometer wide crater ... '

Ganesh in Stained Glass.

Biff. Cartoons.

Bristow. Cartoons.

Martin Ridley: Wildlife and Wilderness Art.

22nd January
Art Gallery Uchimura. Japanese art.

Tsuru Gallery. Fine Japanese woodblock prints.

Lympstone Church, Devon. 'On examining Lympstone Church from the outside, there is an immediate and noticeable difference between the stones of the main body of the church (the chancel and the aisles) and those of the tower. The stones at all of Breccia, in the tower from the new red sandstones of Devon of the Permian type. However, whereas the chancel and the aisles are made of well-dressed ashlar, of a more uniform light pink, the stones of the tower are weathered and although dressed, and some places random and even in size. They are also much darker red in the main church in their variety from great pink and darker red. This, independently of written evidence, leads to the conclusion that the church is of two separate dates, if not more. The tower is obviously the earliest. The stones at the bottom of the tower are much bigger than in the higher courses. This suggests building at different dates all seasons, and possibly the use of earlier foundations and stones from the Norman, even the Saxon periods, surmised in local histories. The builders of the 14th and very early 15th centuries (the dates are taken from historical documents) were no doubt very keen on retaining its reusable item from earlier times to cut costs. We can see, lastly, that there has been quite an amount of repair and replacement of stones over the centuries. Nevertheless, the upper tower appears to be mainly all one peace, in one particular style ...'

Churches of Herefordshire.

Kissing Rain: The Paintings of Kina Crow. 'I have no formal training, although I have always made stuff and enjoyed drawing since I was three. I started to teach myself to paint in 1993. I paint because I have a passion for it. It makes me want to get out of bed every day and lights a fire under my butt. '
'I guess I am inspired by a combination of color—and its infinite possibilities—and people, both real and imagined (although most of the time the real ones are more whimsical than the imaginary). I love faces, always have. I see them in weird places like some people see animal shapes in clouds. I am also prone to laughter as I observe the world and most particularly the situations that plague the modern woman. I find the world a pretty funny place.'

The Latin American Fine Art Exhibition. 'Supreme masters of the imagination, Latin American artists have always captivated us and found resonance in our lives. Now in its second year, the 2003 Latin American Fine Art Exhibition at Agora Gallery has generated a great deal of interest in the artists. This exciting exhibition features some of the most compelling work available today. '

Kelly Moore. 'genre of American art that blossomed in the 1970s, Outsider Art refers to the creative output of people who have little or no formal training in art and who work outside the boundaries of convention. Outsider Art is also known as Self-Taught Art, Visionary Art and Art Brut. '
'Kelly Moore disregards the standards of mainstream art and uses extraordinary media and technique to vent his instinctive creativity. His original works feature a raw quality that echoes his unorthodox approach to painting.'

Francisco de Zurbaran (1598-1664). Religious art.

Photography by Stephen and Sylvia Sharnoff. 'In the process of carrying out the photographic fieldwork for Lichens of North America, available from Yale University Press with over 900 color photos, the Sharnoffs created the world's largest collection of images of North American lichens.'

Something Awful. Satire.

The Chairman Also Smiles. Poster art of the Eastern bloc.
'The former Soviet Union, Cuba, and China: three countries where posters played an important political role and received a large amount of artistic attention. This is a selection of 145 political posters, famous masterpieces as well as equally beautiful but unknown examples drawn from the collection of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam. '

Lunar Atlases.

White Mountain Art. 'Welcome to our Web site devoted to White Mountain art and to the artists who painted in the White Mountains of New Hampshire during the 19th century ... '
Galleries - rivers and lakes, mountains, ravines and landscapes. Extensive.

The Promise of Gold Mountain: Tucson's Chinese Heritage. 'The Promise of Gold Mountain: Tucson's Chinese Heritage Web exhibit is a tribute to the contributions of Chinese immigrants to Tucson, Arizona, and our region. '
'From the immigrant railroad workers of the late 1800's to the civic leaders of today, Chinese-Americans have consistently contributed their energy, talent and culture to enrich the Tucson community. Using text and photographs, this exhibit traces the history of Chinese-Americans in Tucson, including short biographies of some prominent members of Tucson's Chinese-American community. '

The Chinese-American Museum.

Clementine Images of the Moon.

Craters of Ganymede.

Craters of Venus.

Selected Hudson River School Paintings.

The Ancient Amulets of Tibet: Thogchags. 'Thogchags are Tibetan talismans made of bronze and meteoric metals dating as far back as the Bronze Age. While precise dates for the Tibetan Bronze Age have yet to be formulated, archaeological evidence from various sites around the country indicate that it started around the beginning of the Second Millennium BCE. An unbroken tradition of producing amulets extends into the Iron Age and Buddhist periods creating a cultural legacy several thousand years old. '

The Murals of Baiya Monastery. 'From ghastly esoteric scenes of demons wearing human skins to the serenity of buddhas seated in meditation, the depictions on the walls of the temple and upper prayer room comprise a mixture of stylistic influences from within and outside Tibet. Placid Nepalese-style bodhisattvas adorned with gold and flowing scarves face characteristic Tibetan esoteric figures with multiple arms and heads, standing on lifeless bodies. Just next to this unlikely couple lies a secular scene of workers so Chinese in style that they could almost have been transplanted from a Song or Jin Dynasty Shanxi temple wall. '

Franck de las Mercedes. Outsider art.

Elsje Downes. Outsider art.

Death Does Not Fear Anybody. Nigerian poster.
'Another reminder that worldly wealth and power are no match for death. Again we see Sani Abacha with his sunglasses and boxes of money in the upper right. Also featured are other prominent Nigerians who have recently died. The poster carefully features wealthy members of each of the three dominant ethnic groups - Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. Moshood Abiola, whose election as president in 1993 was annulled by the military, is also shown surrounded by money ... '

I Am Covered with the Blood of Jesus. Nigerian poster.
'Some of the most popular posters have themes of religious proselytization. One of the first posters we came across depicted Jesus and the Devil looking much as they do here, except they were wearing shorts and fighting it out in a boxing ring ... '

The Sensual Liberation Army. Great site; not work safe.

Cubicle Dave. Outsider art.

Dan Davini. Outsider art.

Pedro Martin de Clet. 'de Clet's colors in these self portraits are four hundred years old, maybe more, the colors of Bosch and Velazquez, the vision his. Where he found them and got them here...ask him yourself.'

Romanian Cars.

21st January
Japanese Prints and the World of Go. Illustrated.

Ukiyo-e Gallery.

The Churches of Sussex. 'Just a short drive south of London lies the rolling beauty of the South Downs. The green hillsides stretch across the twin counties of Sussex and down to the Sea. This natural landscape is a delightful area to explore a pocket of British History: stately homes, castles, cathedrals... and churches. '

Churches of Berkshire.

The Toque. Canadian satire.

NewZoid.Headlines from parallel worlds... computer generated false headlines.

The Constellations and Their Stars. 'just what are these constellations you keep hearing about? You may go outside some night and see all kinds of stars, and maybe you have even spotted the Big Dipper (northern hemisphere) or the Southern Cross (southern hemisphere), but what about Leo the Lion or Pisces the Fish? What are they? '

Renoir. Online gallery.Over 200 images.

Jusepe de Ribera. Online gallery.

Rodin: The Gates of Hell. 'Not far from The Thinker stands Rodin's monumental masterpiece, The Gates of Hell, installed in the garden of the Museum in 1937. By a decree of 16 August 1880, Rodin received a commission from the Directorate of Fine Arts for a monumental door which was to be decorated with low reliefs inspired by The Divine Comedy of Dante. This door was intended for the planned Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris to be built on the site of the Cour des Comptes, demolished in 1871 (this site is now occupied by the Musée d'Orsay). The subject was probably suggested by Rodin for it is known that he admired Dante and used to keep a copy of his book in his pocket. He started to work feverishly in a studio specially allocated to him for the purpose at the Dépôt des Marbres in Rue de l'Université. His initial idea was a composition in panels similar to the Door of Paradise in the Baptistery of Florence by Ghiberti (1425-1452). However, he soon changed his mind about dividing the door into sections, preferring the example of Michelangelo's Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. The third maquette (exhibited in room 10) shows that already in 1880 its composition was close to the one finally adopted...'

Jane's Addictions. Outsider art.

Raven Stories. Inuit art. 'There are many stories told here on the Northwest Coast about Raven and his adventures when the world was young. Raven shaped the world, and discovered or invented many of the things that are familiar to us today. He is the consummate trickster, and often gets what he wants through thievery and deception. However, while Raven regularly suffers the consequences of his misdeeds, mankind benefits both from his actions and from the lessons contained in his stories.'

Anilnik Peeloaktoak. Inuit art. 'Anilnik Peelaktoak was born in 1950 in Kikertait camp near the community of Pangnirtung. As a child he lived on the land with his family learning the traditional Inuit way of life. The twenty-one powerful works in this collection are visions of that life, exhibiting an intimate knowledge of each animal and its ways, as well as recalling memories of his early life on the land ... '

The Land of Pasaquan. 'What is the Land of Pasaquan? Who was Saint EOM? Did he really learn the secret to levitation? What was the deal with his hair? To explore those questions, drive to the piney backwoods of southwestern Georgia and visit the realm of the "Bodacious Mystic Badass of Buena Vista" ... '

The Land of Evermor: An Historic Artistic Memorial Welded Metal Sculpture Park in Wisconsin.

H.G. Hartman's Rock Garden. 'Yes, this is actually someone's backyard. It was created in the 1930s by H.G. Hartman who died in 1944. Ben Hartman, who is the youngest son of H.G. Hartman, is currently residing at this property. According to a June 4th News-Sun story By Andrew McGinn, Ben Hartman is finding it hard to maintain the property, and he is interested in selling to someone who is willing to preserve the deteriorating works of art ... '

Gaudi Central. 'Architect and designer, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was at the forefront of the Art Nouveau movement in Spain. His work in Barcelona led to the creation of some of the city's most notable landmarks. Gaudi was a pioneer in his field using color, texture, and movement in ways never before imagined. His works, both finished and uncompleted, stand as testimony to his genius ... '
Works by Gaudi.

Antique Surveying Instruments.

Antique Farm Tools.

Formaldehyde Room Disinfectors. Antiques. 'The practice of disinfecting sickrooms in the wake of an epidemic led to the invention of a variety of devices for generating formaldehyde gas. Formaldehyde proved safer and less troublesome than corrosive sublimate, chlorine gas or sulfur dioxide. One early method of generating formaldehyde gas was to pour formalin over potassium permanganate in an insulated, funnel-shaped container. A violent reaction ensued, quickly filling the room with formaldehyde gas ... '
Schering's formalin lamp.

Memoirs of Fa-Hien. A Chinese traveller in medieval India.

Alberuni in India. An Islamic traveller in medieval India.

Hiun-Tsiang. 'The world outside India was always in search of this magic land. The Chinese were attracted to India for her fabulous wealth of learning since ancient times. Hiuen-Tsiang (a.k.a. Huen Tsang, 603-664 A.D.) was one of the outstanding Chinese scholars who visited India in search of knowledge. '

Eye Witness Sati. 'Colonel William. H. Sleeman (1809 - 1856 A.D.) served as the collector of Jabalpur (in present day Madhya Pradesh). He is remembered as the official who tamed the Pindari dacoits who were active in the area. Among his diaries is a graphic account of a Sati instance.'

The Poetic Edda. 'Many of the texts at sacred-texts are of interest only to the specialist, somewhat like small art movies. By contrast The Poetic Eddas, the oral literature of Iceland which were finally written down from 1000-1300 A.D, are like big summer movies, full of gore, sex, revenge and apocalyptic violence.'
'This translation of the Poetic Eddas is highly readable. They are also a primary source for our knowledge of ancient Norse paganism.'

The Prose Edda.

Renoir: A Bather.

Renoir: A Nymph By a Stream.

Renoir: At the Theatre.