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31st January
Revolution to Reform: Chinese Propaganda Posters of the Four Modernisations Era.

Virtual Museum of China '89. 'It's painful to recall, but it's never to be forgotten...'

DNA from the Beginning. An animated primer.

The Most Pleasant and Delectable Tale of the Marriage of Cupid and Psyche, by Apuleius. Translated and illustrated, 1914.

Chiswick House and Gardens. 'Richard Boyle, Third Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork (1694-1753) designed one of the most important works of the eighteenth century Palladian movement--his "villa" called Chiswick House. The Palladian style eventually became the national style of Georgian England, as part of the general European rejection of the Baroque and Rococo style in favor of classical precedents. Burlington was recognized during his time (admittedly in part by his friends) as "The Apollo of the Arts" (Horace Walpole), a "modern Vitruvius" (Daniel Defoe), and "the Palladio and [Inigo] Jones of our times" (Scipio Maffei and Alexander Pope) ... '

Apartment Block Number 38, Vienna, by Otto Wagner. 'Adjacent to the so-called Majolika Haus, this apartment block on the corner of Wienzeile and the Köstlergasse is also associated with art nouveau (or Jugenstile) in its external decoration. Its white and gold facade also resembles Olbrich's Secession Building.'

The Irish Sketch-book, by William Makepeace Thackeray.

The Walt Whitman Notebooks. 'This collection offers access to the four Walt Whitman Notebooks and a cardboard butterfly that disappeared from the Library of Congress in 1942. They were returned on February 24, 1995. '

America's First Look into the Camera: Daguerrotype Portraits and Views. 'The Library's daguerreotype collection consists of more than 725 photographs dating from 1839 to 1864. Portrait daguerreotypes produced by the Mathew Brady studio make up the major portion of the collection. The collection also includes early architectural views by John Plumbe, several Philadelphia street scenes, early portraits by pioneering daguerreotypist Robert Cornelius, studio portraits by black photographers James P. Ball and Francis Grice, and copies of painted portraits. '

A Reader's Guide to the Underground Press.

A Thousand Years of Staffordshire Churches. 'Staffordshire is a county of contrasts. The beauty of its rural hinterland is belied by the legacy of its industrial past. The county's diversity is equally manifested in its churches; from Norman glory at Tutbury to pure 17th century classical at Ingestre to luxuriant Gothic revival at Hoar Cross. '
'This exhibition can illustrate only a handful of Staffordshire's many churches. Some will be more familiar than others, for there are many smaller ecclesiastical gems in the county. However large or small however, the church will have stood at the centre of the life of its community, in some cases for a thousand years.'

Staffordshire Celebrations.

In Loving Memory: Commemorating Death in Staffordshire. 'It is often a subject we try to avoid, but death is all around us. Monuments, statues, street names, buildings, and park benches are all used to commemorate people. This exhibition takes a look at the ways in which people have used objects to commemorate death in Staffordshire over the past 200 years.'

Africa Photo. Great collection.

Kerry Stuart Copping: The Tooth of the Lion. Photographs of urban Africa.

Photographing the Muslim Ladies of Kurva. 'It is no easy task to photograph traditional Muslim women, many of whom can appear in front of other men only in a veil. I knew of a Muslim farmer who took care our ancestral fields (the land reform act of 1955 in India transferred all the fields to the farmers) to whom I expressed my desire to photograph Muslim women in their habitat. He agreed and took me to his home on an island in the Sharavati river (February 22, 1986) on his hand powered boat. But he had to attend to some urgent task in the sugar-cane fields, so he ordered the ladies of his house to attend to me, and stepped out ... '

Emperor Babur Hunting a Tiger. Mughal miniature.

Amaterasu: Out of the Cave and Into the Light. 'Some people say they were brother and sister, Susano-O and Amaterasu. Other people say they were meant to be husband and wife. One thing, however, was clear. They rarely agreed on even the smallest thing, and so could never tolerate the presence of the other for very long.'
'And yet, despite their many differences, there was a very close bond between them, which brought them together again and again. Here is the story of one such meeting.'

Kojiki: Records of Ancient Matters. 'Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) is an official Japanese history edited in the year 712 A.D. The stories were told by an official story teller, Hieda-no-Arei, and were written down by Oo-no-Yasumaro. It starts with the beginning of the world, with birth of the Gods and Goddesses, and with the creation of the Japanese islands and descent of the Gods and Goddesses to Japan ... '

Dr. William Palmer. Staffordshire history.
'Around 30,000 people saw Palmer (aged 31 years) publicly executed in Stafford at 8.00 a.m. on Saturday June 14th 1856 for the murder of John Parsons Cook in Rugeley at the Talbot Arms (later the Shrewsbury Arms, now The Shrew). He became known as "The Rugeley Poisoner" and "The Prince of Poisoners". His effigy stood in Madame Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors for some 127 years ... '

Coal Mining in North Staffordshire.

Pictura (An Allegory of Painting).

The Satyr and the Peasant Family.

Hercules and Omphale.

An Allegory of Divine Wisdom and the Fine Arts.

Dido and Aeneas.

The Spectra Sundial 'earns its name by producing several different prism beams of color throughout the day as it simultaneously marks the passing hours. Unique among sundials, the Spectra is an indoor sundial that can be placed on a table by a sunny window or directly in your windowsill, or you can easily take it outdoors with you when the weather is nice ... '

Monterrey Bay Aquarium.

Paper Airplanes.

30th January
Chinese Gallery. 'We supply Original Scroll Paintings, Chinese Calligraphy, Chinese Paper Fans, Lanterns and Oriental Prints.'

China's Public Advertising Culture Image Archive. 'Nowhere is the transformation of Chinese society more visible than in the marketization of public communication and advertising culture. Red forests of Coca Cola billboards have replaced "Red Oceans" of Maoist slogans. Propaganda organs have become advertising firms. Since 1978 the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has both decentralized state political and economic authority and marketized its monopoly control over the economy, resulting in high economic growth and the privatization of economic institutions at the local level. Unlike the transitions from one-party rule in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, however, the CCP has largely maintained control over the political content of mass media communication. Newspapers, television and radio still voice the Party line, and Party slogans can still be found on walls and on banners waving overhead ... '

The Hidden Forest. 'Welcome to my web site. Have you ever been out in the forest (bush) or maybe even in your own backyard, and come across some strange fungus, lichen or maybe even a slime mould, and wondered "what's that?" My web site is my small attempt to photograph and name many of these strange things. '

The Fables of Aesop, translated 1887. 'The Tale, the Parable, and the Fable are all common and popular modes of conveying instruction. Each is distinguished by its own special characteristics. The Tale consists simply in the narration of a story either founded on facts, or created solely by the imagination, and not necessarily associated with the teaching of any moral lesson. The Parable is the designed use of language purposely intended to convey a hidden and secret meaning other than that contained in the words themselves; and which may or may not bear a special reference to the hearer, or reader. The Fable partly agrees with, and partly differs from both of these. It will contain, like the Tale, a short but real narrative; it will seek, like the Parable, to convey a hidden meaning, and that not so much by the use of language, as by the skilful introduction of fictitious characters; and yet unlike to either Tale or Parable, it will ever keep in view, as its high prerogative, and inseparable attribute, the great purpose of instruction, and will necessarily seek to inculcate some moral maxim, social duty, or political truth ... '

The Golden Verses of Pythagoras And Other Pythagorean Fragments Selected and Arranged by Florence M. Firth, 1904. 'This little collection of sayings, attributed to the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras and his followers, embody what we know about his teachings today. Besides exhortations to live a moral, simple and contemplative life, these pithy aphorisms allow a glimpse of a bit of the Pythagorean schools' deeper knowledge. '

Legends and Stories of Ireland. An early 19th century collection of Irish comic tales.

Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-29. 'Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929 assembles a wide array of Library of Congress source materials from the 1920s that document the widespread prosperity of the Coolidge years, the nation's transition to a mass consumer economy, and the role of government in this transition. The collection includes nearly 150 selections from twelve collections of personal papers and two collections of institutional papers from the Manuscript Division; 74 books, pamphlets, and legislative documents from the General Collections, along with selections from 34 consumer and trade journals; 185 photographs from the Prints and Photographs Division and the Manuscript Division; and 5 short films and 7 audio selections of Coolidge speeches from the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division. The collection is particularly strong in advertising and mass-marketing materials and will be of special interest to those seeking to understand economic and political forces at work in the 1920s. The production of this collection was made possible by the generous support of Laurance S. and Mary French Rockefeller. '

Band Music from the Civil War Era. 'Band Music from the Civil War Era makes available examples of a brilliant style of brass band music that flourished in the 1850s in the United States and remained popular through the nineteenth century. Bands of this kind served in the armies of both the North and the South during the Civil War. This online collection includes both printed and manuscript music (mostly in the form of "part books" for individual instruments) selected from the collections of the Music Division of the Library of Congress and the Walter Dignam Collection of the Manchester Historic Association (Manchester, New Hampshire). The collection features over 700 musical compositions, as well as 8 full-score modern editions and 19 recorded examples of brass band music in performance. '

American Civil War Maps.

The Potteries. Staffordshire local history and culture.

The Thai Buddha Image. 'Images of the Buddha were originally created as an object of worship and as a means of spreading the Buddha's message. Accordingly the images were designed not simply to represent the Buddha's physical characteristics but his teachings too. '
'Overtime, and in different locations within the kingdom, the specific form of Buddha images has undergone subtle changes, creating visibly different characteristics that reflect the cultural values, craftsmanship and the influences of neighbouring countries of the period ... '

Myths and Tales of the Southeastern Indians, 1929. 'This collection of stories from the Southeastern Native American region covers mythology and folklore from the Creek, Hitchiti, Alabama, Kosati, and Natchez. The Creek (including the Alabama, Hitichi and Kosati) originally lived in northern Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. The Natchez resided in Louisiana ... '

Bob Godfrey. Cartoons.

Rubens: The Death of Dido.

Rubens: Andromeda.

Bearclaw Gallery. 'The Bearclaw Gallery carries a wide selection of First Nations and Inuit art including paintings, sculptures, prints, jewellery and a variety of traditional crafts and artifacts.'

Boy Becomes Man. 'Initiation of young boys into the rituals of Brahmacharya (disciplined and controlled living) is an important occasion in some communities in India. Traditionally the boys belonging to the Brahmin caste left home to study in residential schools called Gurukuls. The occasion of boy leaving home for education is called Upanayanam (the half-marriage), Brahmopadesham (supreme teaching), or Munji and is marked by shaving of the head, overcoming of maternal love, and symbolic begging. The understudy, called Vatu is taught the Gayatri Mantram , the Sandhyavandana , and other Hindu rituals ... '

Women on War and Peace. Pacifist and anti-imperialist essays and cartoons. Mostly American.

Eroticism, Romance and War. Erotic images of women used to entice men to war; mostly American.

Hunt Emerson. Cartoons.

Mars Through a Small Telescope.

Perseids of Summer.

Leonid Sunrise.

Maki Miyashita: Private Room. 'Maki Miyashita is a 24 year-old photographer living in Tokyo. These are photographs from her 1998 "Private Room" series.'

Rembrandt: The Abduction of Europa.

Eustache Le Sueur: Marine Gods Paying Homage to Love.

Pieter de Grebber: Homage to Bacchus.

Maki Miyashita: Rooms and Underwear.

A Date to Remember. Love at first sight.

29th January
Carnaval Afro-Uruguayo en Montevideo. Photographs; text in Spanish.

Chinese Propaganda Posters. 'This site is dedicated to the Chinese propaganda poster as it has been produced from 1949 till the present day. So-called propaganda art has played a major supporting role in the many campaigns that were designed to mobilize the people, and throughout the People's Republic, the propaganda poster has been the favored vehicle through which art conveyed model behavior. I've been collecting these Chinese political posters for many years now, and have brought together quite a nice collection of some 1,400 titles, spanning five decades of Chinese poster production. From time to time, new sections will be added, devoted to the political, social and economic movements and developments that have found their way into visual propaganda over the years. '

Deco Orient. Chinese advertising before the 1949 revolution; great site.

Jerry Garcia. His life and art.

Beer Church. History and culture of beer. Beer humour.

The Kumeyaay Nation of southern California. Culture, history, language, politics, games etc.
'This Web site is dedicated to the promotion and preservation of the Kumeyaay culture. tells the story from the Kumeyaay perspective, and is the premiere source for Kumeyaay Indian information.'
'The Kumeyaay Nation extends from San Diego and Imperial Counties in California to 60 miles south of the Mexican border. The Kumeyaay are members of the Yuman language branch of the Hokan group ... '

The Poems of Sappho, translated 1925. 'The poet Sappho lived in the sixth century B.C. on the island of Lesbos, which is situated in the Northeastern Aegean. We do not know the exact date of her birth or death, but it has been suggested that she was alive from about 610 B.C to 570 B.C. Her family is known to have been wealthy merchants; Lesbos in the sixth century B.C. was very prosperous. That she lived a life of luxury, and loved beatiful clothes and ornaments is clear from several allusions in the fragments. In addition, it is known that women of Lesbos at this time were exceptionally liberated and moved freely in social and religious circles. Lesbos was the center of a flourishing school of lyric poetry. Some of the other Lesbian poets of this period were Terpander and Alcaeus, and there were several other women poets ... '

Northern Lights. All about the aurora borealis. 'Of all naturally occuring heavenly phenomena, few come close to a night with a magnificent northern lights display. Flickering curtains of dancing light against the dark skies, northern lights is certainly one of the most spectacular of nature's phenomena ... '

The Ulster Museum.

Down County Museum, Northern Ireland. 'The museum collects, conserves and exhibits artefacts relating to the history of County Down from the earliest times until today. Our aim is to enhance appreciation of the history, culture and environment of the County through the organisation of exhibitions, activities and events which are informative, accessible and relevant to the local community and our visitors ... ' Online tours, online collections etc.

A History of the Native People of Canada.

Lift Every Voice: Music in American Life. 'This exhibition takes its name from a hymn composed a century ago by two African-American brothers, James Weldon and J. Rosamond Johnson. Written in the days of the Jim Crow South, "Lift Every Voice and Sing" inspired African Americans to persist in their struggle for equal rights. During the 1920s, the song was being pasted into the backs of hymnals and had become known as the "Negro national anthem." The hymn opens with an injunction to "ring with the harmonies of Liberty," calling for those constitutional rights which were being denied to African American, and closes by affirming God and country. These sentiments frame hopes for a better future, "the white gleam of our bright star." '

Books Go to War: The Armed Services Editions in World War Two.

The Psychedelic Sixties: Literary Tradition and Social Change. 'The summer of 1967, with its "Love-Ins," "Be-ins," and "Flower Power," came to be known as "The Summer of Love," and was one of the seminal moments of our generation. Over thirty years later, we who came of age during the turbulent decade of the sixties are dismayed to realize that, to the young adults of today, those years are now ancient history ... '

Mandala and Temple Architecture in Tibet. 'The land of Tibet is given its deepest imprint of spirituality by the Tibetan people, whose pilgrimage fervor and devotion to Buddhism can never be quenched. The followers of this Indian doctrine attributed to Gautama Buddha, believe that suffering is inseparable from existence but that inward extinction of the self and of the senses culminates in a state of illumination beyond suffering and existence.'

Red, White, Blue and Brimstone: New World Literature and the American Millennium. ' ... Not surprisingly, the Book of Revelation has always been something of a Rorschach test--especially in America. In the short history of the nation, probably no other book has justified as many soap-box sermons and hare-brained schemes as it has, and perhaps none ever will. But neither has any book produced a more profound vision of America's hopes, duties, dreams, and destiny. If the Revelation of John gave Americans a cosmic optimism of scientific progress and manifest destiny, it also gave them enemies to fear, sins to condemn, and terrors to behold. '

Central Asian Ikat Robes. 'Born in lush oases scattered in a barren desert landscape, Central Asia's spectacular ikat fabrics reverberate with beauty, energy and life. Intricate motifs in hazy patterns glow with scintillating colors. Their textile artistry is created through a process of dyeing and weaving called abrdandi or "banded cloud." These chromatic experiments echo the ultimate mirage in arid Central Asia, the reflection of clouds on water. '

A Dance of Light and Colour: Embroidered and Brocaded Garments of India.

Lewis and Clark: Maps of Exploration 1507-1814. 'No one knew more about the geography of North America in his own day than Thomas Jefferson. A skilled surveyor and cartographer, he was engaged in a lifelong search for geographic knowledge. Jefferson studied the history of geography from the emerging worldviews of the ancients to the latest exploratory charts and maps of the American West. He amassed a remarkably thorough and varied collection of explorers' accounts, geographic works, and maps for his personal library. Moreover, although Jefferson himself never traveled west of Warm Springs, Virginia, he was America's first great Westerner. Promoter of four attempts to reach the Pacific, he personally planned the successful expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark from 1804 to 1806 ... '

In the Brilliancy of the Footlights: Creating America's Theatre. 'This exhibition celebrates the American stage - our playwrights, their plays, and that creative talent which transforms words into living theatre. A testament to our cultural heritage, the items assembled here capture the excitement and dynamism of more than two centuries of American theatre history. They take us simultaneously behind the scenes and into the limelight.'

Rave Reviews: Bestselling Fiction in America. 'In this exhibition, we celebrate the fiction Americans actually read-fiction we admire, fiction we love, fiction we pretend to ignore. The books on display are significant both as physical objects and as reminders of great stories. Taken as a whole, they provide an index of American interests and reading tastes over the last two and a half centuries. '

Landmarks of American Nature Writing from Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains and Shenandoah Valley.

Air of the East: Fashion Art from Korea.

Papers of the Barrett Daycare Centre, 1935-. 'The Barrett Daycare Center, formerly the Janie Porter Day Nursery, has been providing quality child care for the Charlottesville community for over sixty years. The records of this facility document the growth, successes, struggles, and changes in the African-American community in Charlottesville. In addition, the records tell much about conditions in other organizations such as this one in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and throughout the nation. '

University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments: Mathematics.

University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments: Geology.

University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments: Chemistry.

Japanese by Design. 'Revolutionaries of design Issey Miyake and Rei Kawakubo have fused east and west to establish an aesthetic that goes beyond national identity. Their innovative approaches to fashion have baffled and transformed us for the past three decades. Beneath a surface of metamorphosing modern forms, the intellectual core of their work is solidly informed by the traditional principles of Japanese design. '

Private Passions, Public Legacy: Paul Mellon's Personal Library at the University of Virginia. 'Celebrated as a philanthropist, art collector, and breeder of thoroughbred horses, Mellon was also a passionate book collector and amassed one of the greatest libraries of original documents of American history. Although Mellon was originally from Pittsburgh, he adopted Virginia as his home state and, through his bequest, ensured that items from his collection significant to Virginia history remained in the Commonwealth.'

Aboriginal Fishing in Atlantic Canada.

28th January
Harmonia Macrocosmica. 'Harmonia Macrocosmica, by Andreas Cellarius, is part of the Marriott Library's Rare Book Collection. Printed in 1661, it is an atlas of the heavens as seen by the astronomers of the times: Copernicus, Ptolemy, Brahe, and Aratus. There are 30 double-folio hand-painted color plates, plus approximately 200 pages of accompanying text in Latin. The entire book has been digitized and the images may be browsed or searched by clicking on the links to the right. '

Visible Traces: Rare Books and Special Collections from the National Library of China. 'Calligraphy, the art of writing, is among the most revered of the Chinese visual arts. The history of the development of the book-from early stone inscriptions to printing techniques and the modern monograph-also holds an important place in Chinese culture and history. Visible Traces presents sixty-eight objects from the collection of the National Library of China, divided into four sections: rare books and ancient writings, rubbings from a variety of carved and engraved surfaces, maps, and documents from China's numerous ethnic minorities. This exhibition traces, in broad strokes, the evolution of the written and printed word in China, against a vivid social and historical backdrop.'

Aboriginal Art Prints. Australian Aboriginal art gallery. ' was established in 1996 with the aim of creating opportunities for Australian Aboriginal artists to work in the medium of fine art print-making and to ensure that the interest in, and market for, their prints expands nationally and internationally.'

The Editorial Cartoons of Clay Bennett.

Milt Priggee. Editorial cartoonist.

Gothamist. A blog about New York.

London Underground Tube Diary. A blog about the Tube.

Pablo Picasso. Online gallery and biography.

Henri Matisse. Online gallery and biography.

Snakes in Indian Society. 'We bring you this online presentation on the holy and the deadly fangs of India by popular request. We begin with a brief Q&A on the role of the cold-blooded crawlers in Indian society and present depiction of snakes in Indian art. You will also find pictures of snake charmers from 14th century India to present day.'

Chart of the Elements in a Kalachakra Sand Mandala. 'The multicoloured Kalachakra Mandala, made entirely from coloured sand, was painstakingly created over three weeks by monks from the Namgyal Monastery in Dharamsala, India. In a lesson about the impermanence of life, the completed mandala was destroyed and the sands were used as an offering for world peace. '
' 'Kalachakra' means 'Wheel of Time' and is the name of one of the Buddhist deities which represent particular aspects of the Enlightened Mind. It forms a part of a system of teachings and practice conferred by the Buddha to his disciples. Traditionally this Kalachakra Initiation has been a closely guarded secret and the viewing of the mandala forms the culmination of a twelve day initiation ritual for the Buddhist practitioners. However, the Dalai Lama, recognizing the many misconceptions surrounding Tibetan Buddhist practice, began presentations of the Kalachakra Sand Mandala to the general public as a cultural offering. '

R. Michelson Galleries:Children's Illustrators. 'While representing a variety of sculptors, painters, and printmakers, R. Michelson Galleries also represents some of the country's premier children's book illustrators. Leonard Baskin, Barry Moser, Jane Dyer, Dennis Nolan, Lauren Mills, Kathryn Brown, and Mordecai Gerstein grace our displays and hold national recognition as some of the most talented artists in children's book art.'
Maurice Sendak.
Dr. Seuss.
Patience Brewster.
E.B. Lewis.
Trina Schart Hyman.

Chicago Anarchists on Trial. 'This collection showcases more than 3,800 images of original manuscripts, broadsides, photographs, prints and artifacts relating to the Haymarket Affair. The violent confrontation between Chicago police and labor protesters in 1886 proved to be a pivotal setback in the struggle for American workers' rights. These materials pertain to: the May 4, 1886 meeting and bombing; to the trial, conviction and subsequent appeals of those accused of inciting the bombing; and to the execution of four of the convicted and the later pardon of the remaining defendants. Of special interest and significance are the two dozen images of three-dimensional artifacts, including contemporary Chicago Police Department paraphernalia, labor banners, and an unexploded bomb casing given to juror J. H. Brayton by Chicago Police Captain Michael Schaack. The cornerstone is the presentation, as images and searchable text, of the transcript of the 3,200 pages of proceedings from the murder trial of State of Illinois v. August Spies, et al. ... '

Titian: Venus and Adonis. 'The goddess Venus tries to restrain her lover Adonis from going off to the hunt. She clings to him, imploring him not to go, but Adonis looks down at her impassively. His dogs strain at their leashes, echoing his impatience, as detailed in the tragic love story found in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Cupid sleeps in the background, a symbol of Adonis's resistance to Venus's entreaties, since his ineffective arrows hang uselessly in a tree. The story ends tragically; during the hunt the mortal Adonis is fatally gored by a wild boar...'
In ultraviolet.

Kyoto Style: Trends in 16th-19th Century Kimono. 'The Japanese kimono made great developments in the Momoyama and Edo Periods, between the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries. Demand for this garment spread throughout Japanese society to include women and men of all ages and classes. In accordance with social class and current trends, people began to seek a wide variety of kimono designs, which stimulated an abundance of ever-changing fashions ...'

Shoe-Fitting Fluoroscope. 'These units were commonly seen in shoe stores in the 1930s through 1950s. They consisted of a vertical cabinet with an opening at the bottom into which the feet were placed. A fluorescent image of the bones of the feet and the outline of the shoe could be seen through each of the three viewing ports on the top of the cabinet (e.g., one for the child being fitted, one for the child's parent, and the third for the shoe salesman) ... '

The Sacred Lotus. Buddhist photography.

Sangha. Buddhist photography.

Landscape with Orpheus, Flemish, 1570s.

Furisode Kimono with Noshi Bundle Design. 'This is an excellent example of an Edo Period yuzen-dyed kimono. Colorful noshi (auspicious strips of dried fish or seaweed) are bundled at the left shoulder and flow over the body in a dynamic composition ... '

Kosode with Kamo Shrine Horse Race Design. 'The red-checkered design on the upper section of this kosode-style kimono is done in shibori. A yuzen-dyed scene from the annual, May 5th horse race at Kyoto's Kamigamo Shrine is displayed across the lower half of the garment. Minute details, such as the white-paste outlining and the rich variety of colors, attest to the high technical standards of yuzen-zome in the mid-Edo Period. The windblown disarray of maple leaves ... '

Lichtenberg Figures.

Geiger Mueller Detectors.

Radiation Warning Signs.

Radioactive Quack Cures.

The African-American Experience in Ohio. 'This selection of manuscript and printed text and images drawn from the collections of the Ohio Historical Society illuminates the history of black Ohio from 1850 to 1920, a story of slavery and freedom, segregation and integration, religion and politics, migrations and restrictions, harmony and discord, and struggles and successes. '

History of the American West 1860-1920. 'Over 30,000 photographs, drawn from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library, illuminate many aspects of the history of the American West. Most of the photographs were taken between 1860 and 1920. They illustrate Colorado towns and landscape, document the place of mining in the history of Colorado and the West, and show the lives of Native Americans from more than forty tribes living west of the Mississippi River. Also included are World War II photographs of the 10th Mountain Division, ski troops based in Colorado who saw action in Italy. '

Travelling Culture: Circuit Chautauqua in the 20th Century. 'This digital collection presents 7,949 publicity brochures, promotional advertisements and talent circulars for some 4,546 performers who were part of the Chautauqua circuit. These talent brochures are drawn from the Records of the Redpath Lyceum Bureau, held by the University of Iowa Libraries. One of the largest booking agencies for the Chautauqua performers, the Redpath bureau managed a vast talent pool. Performers and lecturers were familiar names as popular entertainers or well known in the political, religious, and cultural worlds. '

The Codex Witsenii: A Rare Document in the South African Museum. 'In 1657 Jan van Riebeeck learned of the 'Amaqua' or Namaqua, a rich Khoikhoi tribe living to the north of the Dutch settlement on the shore of Table Bay. Their country was said to be the source of all the copper used by the indigenous people. It was also believed that the Namaqua (now known simply as the Nama: '-qua' means 'people') could lead the Dutch to the 'Chobona', who was believed to be the leader of all the Khoikhoi and 'rich in gold'. Consequently, several expeditions were sent northward along the western part of the country. The most important of these were those of Pieter van Meerhoff in 1661, Oloff Bergh in 1682-3 and Simon van der Stel in 1685-6. Van der Stel's expedition travelled the farthest north, to the Copper Mountains in the vicinity of present-day Springbok ... '

An Abduction of Ganymede. 'In the form of an eagle, the Greek god Zeus carries off Ganymede, who was known for his incredible beauty, to serve as his cup-bearer. Clasped in the talons of the enormous dark bird, the youth swoons, while his dog barks fruitlessly in front of an abandoned classical ruin below. '

The Abduction of Proserpine, 1570.

Venus & Mars. 'Venus twists on the bed in a curved yet inviting pose, and Mars extends his limbs below, with a putto aiding him to disrobe. The bodies of these mythological lovers respond to each other in their similar anticipatory gestures, creating a dynamic experience of space. The composition's bold diagonal, from the maidservant airing the bedclothes at the top left to Mars's armor at the bottom right, further enhances the scene's sense of drama and spatial depth ... '

Rubens and Brueghel the Elder: The Return from War: Mars Disarmed by Venus.

Southern African Rock Art.

Okla Chahta Clan of California. A group of Choctaw descendants - culture, history and language.

Krazy Kollectibles.

27th January
Orange Expressionist. A gallery of British facial expressions.

Ginger Young Gallery. Outsider and folk art.
'Where is art in America today? It hangs in retail galleries, studios, and lofts; it erupts from classrooms in art and design schools across the country; and it is exhibited in countless museums, with their trained curatorial staffs and climate controlled chambers. '
'But for those who dare to look beyond the obvious, extraordinary art offers itself in the most ordinary of venues. Down dusty rural roads and in inner-city housing projects, art is flourishing. Its creators may be teenagers just beginning their lives, or they may be octogenarians who knew grandparents emancipated from slavery. Some artists work as janitors; others farm the land. Some are deeply religious, while others struggle with the demons of mental illness or substance abuse. '
'Men, women, black, white, old, young, rich, poor: these artists are as diverse as American society, but one common element unites them: they have taught themselves to make art. And therein lies a fascinating phenomenon: what gives a self-taught artist the courage, talent, and motivation to express herself visually, without the aid and sanction of formal training, and without fear of reproach? '

Modernism at the Minneapolis Institute of the Arts.

Art Nouveau Doors.
More art nouveau. 'This server is dedicated to Art Nouveau in its most general meaning, including Liberty, Jugendstil, Modernismo, which are different names of this movement in various countries. This movement has been a real international artistic trend around 1900.'

Appreciation of the Art of Chinese Calligraphy. 'Calligraphy is an art dating back to the earliest day of history, and widely practiced throughout China to this day. Although it uses Chinese words as its vehicle of expression, one does not have to know Chinese to appreciate its beauty. Because in essence, Calligraphy is an abstract art. While viewing a Western abstract painting, one does not ask, "What is it?" When viewing Chinese calligraphy, one need not ask, "What is the Chinese word?" In this page, we selected single words from the works of many master calligraphers from the past to illustrate the astounding beauty of the art. Like all art, it is best to simply look at them for enjoyment. Do not be sidetracked with questions of theory, technique, etc. Do not worry about "What is it?" Beside each work, a very short comment is given to describe its "style", based on the classical book of Tu Meng.'

Buddhist Art of China.

The Art of Easter Island.

Howard Dean Cartoons.

State of the Union Address 2004 Cartoons.

Opportunity on Mars. 'You've just woken up in a small crater on Mars. The surrounding landscape is barren, strange, and alien. You've never been on this world before. You transmit pictures that are instantly rebroadcast all over your home world. You are the eyes for billions of people. You seek adventure. Your mission is to explore this strange new world and search for signs of pre-historic life. You have six wheels, one arm, and X-ray eyes. Surrounding you, pictured above, is iron sand and light-colored protrusions that might be bedrock. You are the Opportunity Rover that landed on Mars just this past weekend. '

A Landing at Meridiani Planum. Another view of Mars.

Roq La Rue. 'In early 1998, I opened Roq la Rue as a venue for all the amazing talent I was seeing in Seattle that just wasn't getting shown, as it was deemed too "unusual" or "weird" by the local conservative bigwig galleries. '

La Luz de Jesus Gallery.

The Temple of Borobodur. 'A white mist shrouds the plain and the first birdcalls across the valleys announce the imminent arrival of another dawn. Slowly the mist dissipates in the rising sun to reveal the spires and Buddhas that meditate in bliss and gradually the forms coalesce to unveil a temple that many who have seen it, consider to be the finest example of Buddhist architecture ever raised to the sky by man.'

Hokusai: 24 Views of Mount Fuji. 'Hokusai Katsushika was a prolific and influential artist of 19th century Japan, particularly well known for his ukiyo-e woodblock prints. In 1827 Hokusai began producing his most famous work, the series of prints known as "36 Views of Mount Fuji". Another 10 prints were later added to the series...'

Francesco di Giorgio Martini: The Story of Paris.

Francesco di Giorgio Martini: Triumph of Chastity.

Girolamo del Pacchia: Rape of the Sabines.

An Allegory of Passion.

Dosso Dossi: An Allegory of Fortune. 'Found at a flea market and purchased for a modest sum by an anonymous buyer, the unwrapped, seven-foot Allegory of Fortune was strapped to the roof of a car and brought to Christie's auction house in New York City. There experts recognized it as an important, long-lost allegorical scene by the Ferrarese master Dosso Dossi ... '

Hokusai: Flying Geese.

Hokusai: Waterfall.

Simon Birtall. Illustrator.

Kelli Bickman. Artist and illustrator.

Corey Barba. 'When I was a kid, I loved standing in front of the newstand. From the magazine display to the candy rack, the initial impression of color and character was overwhelming. A visual wave of cartoon faces, monsters, nude people and snack items beckoned me into a world of delights from which I might not want to return. In this glossy mélange lay the promise for something amazing to happen. In my own paintings, I try hard to make good on that promise. I play conceptual mad-libs with my subconscious, filling in the blanks of things hinted at. I paint what's captured in the corner of my mind's eye because fleeting glimpses and things half-remembered are rife with possibility and so much more interesting. It's whispering a magic spell into a sleeping child's ear ...'

Atomic Movie Posters.

Civil Defence Instruments.


Authentic American Indian Dolls. 'My interest in creating realistic American Indian Art Dolls comes about quite naturally due to my cultural heritage. My grandfather was a full-blood Choctaw Indian and my mother was a half-blood.. I am a tribal member of the Choctaw Nation, with roll number 127942. My mother and grandfather were proud of their American Indian heritage and passed that pride on to me. From them I learned to appreciate the ways of our ancestors. The more I learned about the culture, the more I appreciated it. American Indians have a strong sense of family and community, as well as love and respect for nature and all its creatures. To me, these are good values. Down through the years I made dolls: cloth dolls, carved wood dolls, hand-sculpted dolls, all kinds of dolls. The strong pull on me is Indian dolls. The American Indian is an important part of our country's history . With my dolls, I try to portray a bit of that history. '

The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.

26th January
The Hutton Inquiry. Investigation into the circumstances surrounding the death of Dr. David Kelly.
The Guardian's Hutton weblog.

African Loxo. African hairstyles from the Fifties; text in French.

Dentsu Advertising Museum. 'The Edo Era (1603-1867), during which a full-fledged feudal system was established by the Tokugawa shogunate, was also an era in which the culture of townspeople flourished. That Japan had already developed distinctive advertising techniques of its own as early as the Edo Era might come as a surprise to you. But ample evidence of these remain for us today to follow a historical trail, in the form of nishiki-e (a multicolored woodblock print), hikifuda (handbills) and signboards. A witness of the times, as well as a chronicle of advertising creative work in Japan, these relics represent a valuable record of both the evolution of corporations and the history of common people's lives.'
'Dentsu Advertising Museum presents selected advertising artifacts and works of art from the Yoshida Hideo Memorial Foundation collection, in order to give you a taste of the historical background to Japanese advertising techniques.'

The I Ching. A plethora of links.

The Beast of Bodmin Moor. 'Tales of mysterious large animals abound in Britain, with sightings as far apart as Kent and Scotland. '
'Photographs and even films had been taken of these beasts, but there has been little physical evidence to support the sightings. That was until recently when a 14-year-old boy discovered a skull with large fangs, in the River Fowey on Bodmin Moor in Cornwall. '
'This is the story of how The Natural History Museum tracked down this beast... '

The Religion of Numa, 1906. 'This is a short survey of the history of Roman religion, particularly the Roman pantheon, from its origins as abstract animistic deities, the infiltration of Greek gods and goddesses, the influence of the Sibyllines, the introduction of Near Eastern Goddess worship and other deities, and finally the rise of the God-Emperors, codified under Augustus. '

The Hymns of Orpheus, translated 1792.
'The Orphic Hymns are a set of pre-classical poetic compositions, attributed to the culture hero Orpheus, himself the subject of a renowned myth. In reality, these poems were probably composed by several different poets. Reminiscent of the Rig-Veda, the Orphic Hymns contain a rich set of clues about prehistoric European mythology.'
'This translation by Thomas Taylor, a British neo-Platonist classicist, is of additional interest for its introduction and extensive footnotes, which discuss in great detail Taylors' philosophy. Taylor, who was considered a bit outside the pale by contemporary scholars, was an influence on successive generations of occultists such as the Theosophists and the Golden Dawn, and in the 20th Century such writers as Manly P. Hall.'

Tony Benn. 'Welcome to the official website of former Labour MP and Cabinet Minister Tony Benn. '
'This website has been constructed to provide information about various aspects of Tony Benn's activities including latest information about his current UK Lecture Tour, newspaper articles, books, videos and the Tony Benn Archive of political diaries and papers which stretch back over 65 years.'

The Saint Patrick Centre. 'World centre for Ireland's patron saint.'

The May 1970 Tragedy at Jackson State University: "Lest We Forget..." 'In the Spring of 1970, campus communities across this country were characterized by a chorus of protests and demonstrations. The issues were the escalation of the war in Vietnam and the U.S. invasion of Cambodia; the ecology; racism and repression; and the inclusion of the experiences of women and minorities in the educational system. No institution of higher education was leftuntouched by confrontations and continuous calls for change. '
'At Jackson State College in Jackson, Mississippi, there was the added issue of historical racial intimidation and harassment by white motorists traveling Lynch Street, a major thoroughfare that divided the campus and linked west Jackson to downtown ... '

Vancouver Museum.

Coca-Cola TV Advertisements. Through the decades; an archive.
'Fifty Years of Coca-Cola Television Advertisements: Highlights from the Motion Picture Archives at the Library of Congress presents a variety of television advertisements, never-broadcast outtakes, and experimental footage reflecting the historical development of television advertising for a major commercial product. The online collection includes five excerpts from stop-motion advertising developed for Coca-Cola between 1954 and 1956 by the D'Arcy agency and makes public for the first time eighteen excerpts from the Experimental TV Color Project of 1964, which determined the best lighting for the cans, bottles, and performers in television advertisements. Featured advertisements include the 1971 "Hilltop" commercial with an international group of young people on an Italian hilltop singing "I'd Like to Buy the World a Coke"; the "Mean Joe Greene" commercial from 1979; the first "Polar Bear" commercial from 1993; the "Snowflake" commercial from 1999; and "First Experience," an international commercial filmed in Morocco in 1999.'

Sex in the City: Japanese Erotic Prints. 'Shunga (erotic prints) were an important genre in the world of woodblock prints. Created by many of the most famous of the ukiyo-e masters, these prints are notable not only for their salacious themes, but also for their fine artistic rendering. The online exhibition displays works by many well-known artists, including Koryusai, Hokusai, Eisen and Shuncho. Most shunga were originally published in book format, with twelve prints (one for each season), typically making up a book ... '

Visions from the Wilderness: The Art of Paul Kane. During a two-and-a-half year trip across the wilderness of North America, Paul Kane recorded the lives of Native North Americans through sketches and journal entries. Upon his return to Toronto, Kane turned his field sketches into a popular series of romantic oil paintings, thereby influencing domestic and international perceptions of North American Aboriginal people for the next 150 years ... '

Shara. 'Primordial feminine stand at the center of my art work, which is the "seer" of an inner archetypal figure.'

Uncle Sam's World in Political Cartoons. 'The annexation of Hawaii during the Spanish-American War and of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines at its close gave the United States an empire spanning from the Caribbean to Asia. Portrayed as straddling the world or bloated with the world in his stomach, Uncle Sam's image changed to reflect the country's new status as a world power with overseas colonies. Later interventions in Panama's revolution for independence from Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Haiti, and other areas also led to modified interpretations of Uncle Sam's role, now as a guardian of the Western Hemisphere or a global policeman wielding his army and navy as a "big stick." The political cartoons collected here present images of Uncle Sam's world from the annexations of 1898 to the annexation of the Danish West Indies, now the U.S. Virgin Islands, during World War I ... '

Creation Myths in Art.

Myths with Animal or Beast Characters in Art.

Flood Stories from Around the World. 'The stories below are flood stories from the world's folklore. I have included stories here if (1) they are stories; (2) they are folklore, not historical accounts or fiction by a known author; and (3) they involve a flood. In most borderline cases, I included the story here anyway. For example, one story (Hopi) tells of a flood which was avoided and never occurred.'
'My method for collecting these stories is simply to collect every flood story I find. I have omitted a few extremely fragmentary accounts, such as sources that say "These people have a legend of a flood in which most people were killed" and little or nothing more. The stories are summarized both to save space and to avoid copyright infringements, but I have attempted to preserve all the motifs and all the names that were given in the cited account ... '

A.J. Isbister. Surreal, bi-cultural art by a Cree artist from Saskatchewan.

Rules of Make-Believe. Online cartoon.

Bread and Roses: The Lost Histories of a Slogan and a Poem. 'In both U.S. history and popular consciousness, the slogan "bread and roses" has long been associated with the famous 1912 strike by textile workers of Lawrence, Massachusetts. So close is the association that the Lawrence strike is often called the "Bread and Roses Strike" and the citizens of Lawrence remember the strike with an annual "Bread and Roses Heritage Festival" held during the Labor Day holiday. No one has ever found direct documentation of the slogan's use during the strike, but it was said that James Oppenheim's poem "Bread and Roses" was inspired by a banner carried by strikers at Lawrence that read, "We want Bread, and Roses too!" The association of the slogan with one of the great early victories in the history of the American labor movement gave both Lawrence and the slogan mythic qualities that have kept the city on the map, both nationally and internationally, as the place where a worldwide movement for bread and roses was born. The Lawrence strike should be remembered and recognized as a significant event, but it was not the "Bread and Roses Strike." James Oppenheim's poem was published before the strike began, and he attributed the slogan to other workers ... '

Detached Segments of Kegon Gojugo-sho Emaki (Scroll of 55 Famous Places Associated with the Avatamsaka Sutra).
'This handscroll of which this scene is a part is based on the segment of the Buddhist Avatamsaka Sutra (Kegonkyo) known as the Nyuhokkaibon. It depicts the tale of a child named Zenzai who, in the quest for the way to enlightenment, meets the wisdom-bodhisattva Monju. At Monju's direction, he visits various sages and finally learns the Buddhist Law from the bodhisattva Fugen. The drawing advantageously uses a light and cheerful line, applied with light ink. The coloring is done in moderation, and a reserved and noble pictorial quality emerges. Similar handscrolls on the same theme were very popular during the Kamakura period, and though parts of many of them have been lost or destroyed, many excerpts have found their way down to the present ... '

Genji Monogatari Emaki (The Tale of Genji Handscroll).

Heiji Monogatari Emaki (Illustrated Stories about the Heiji Civil War).

The United States Botanic Garden. 'Use your mouse to move the image up, down, or sideways. View more virtual tours by clicking on the links on the right.'

Smithsonian Plant of the Week. 'The Plant of the Week shows some of the interesting collections used by research staff and housed in the departmental greenhouses. '

Mark Twain on the Treason of Saluting the Flag.

Mark Twain: True Patriotism at the Children's Theatre. 'The Children's Theater for immigrants organized by the Educational Alliance on the Lower East Side of Manhattan was Mark Twain's favorite project from 1907 until it closed in 1909. On November 19, 1907, he recruited such a distinguished audience for a benefit presentation of "The Prince and the Pauper" that the children thought they were performing before kings and queens. In an interview conducted the next day in his bedroom, where he often received guests, he praised the performance and addressed the "chief point of importance" that led him to support the theater: its training of "true patriots." ... '

Turning Point. 'Turning Point offers cyber-space for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in Canada to have open and direct communication with each other. '

Shrine of the Horned Gods.

Dinosaurs of the Gobi Desert. 'Eighty million-year-old dinosaur fossils from Mongolia were seen for the first time in the UK in a major exhibition Dinosaurs of the Gobi Desert at The Natural History Museum in 1997 ... '