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10th July

The Centre of the World. 'The eighth episode of filmmaker Ric Burns' award-winning series New York: A Documentary Film examines the rise and fall of the World Trade Center -- from its conception in the post-World War II economic boom, through its controversial construction in the 1960s and 1970s, to its tragic demise in the fall of 2001 and extraordinary response of the city in its aftermath.'

Bus Stop Shelters in Ukraine. 'Some are frescoed, some are etched, some are tiled mosaics -- all are beautiful. Most have fallen into a state of disrepair because the local governments can no longer afford to maintain them. '

Crystal Palace. Modelling and design of the Victorian London landmark.

Did You Bring Bottles? ' "Did You Bring Bottles" is a site on the subject of supermarket history and architecture, roughly covering the period from the 1920s to the 1970s. It is not a site about current supermarket issues and locations, except in historical perspective, and it is not connected with nor owned by any supermarket chain, past or present. '

China Through the Stereoscope at the Time of the Boxer Uprising. A journey through the Dragon Empire at the time of the Boxer Uprising.

Galileo Galilei's Notes on Motion.

Best Dressed: 250 Years of Style. 'Best Dressed: 250 Years of Style is the most comprehensive costume exhibition ever mounted by the Museum, with some 200 costumes and accessories covering nearly three centuries of fashion. Drawn from the Museum's important holdings of Western and non-Western dress, the exhibition will feature costumes from the Middle East and Asia as well as Europe and United States. The show will present the finest pieces in the collection including regional dress; 18th-century and early 19th-century high-style from Europe and the United States; a selection of important late 19th-century gowns designed by great Parisian couturiers, including Charles Frederick Worth; works by renowned 20th-century fashion designers, such as Elsa Schiaparelli who gave the Museum a significant collection of her work; and one of the most popular items in the Museum's collection, the wedding dress worn by Princess Grace of Monaco, the former Grace Kelly of Philadelphia ... '

Visit Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone travel and tourism information. 'Unfortunately, its recent history has been tainted with the ugliness of war and as such, the mention of Sierra Leone brings back memories of the atrocities committed by the RUF rebels. However, the awful rebel war has been over for over 2 years now and Sierra Leoneans have put it behind them. Sierra Leoneans are ready to take the step forward in order to catch up with the rest of the world. In short, Sierra Leone is open for business! This site will hopefully present a side of Sierra Leone not often seen in the media - it's beauty, wonderful people and enormous business potential.'

Asgrimur Jonsson. 'Ásgrimur Jónsson (1876 - 1958) was one of the pioneers of Icelandic art and the first Icelander to take up painting professionally ... '
'... Jonsson laid the foundation for Icelandic landscape painting, and throughout his career the nature of Iceland was his favoured subject matter. He was also a pioneering interpreter of Icelandic folktales. Though Jónsson was a proficient painter of oil, he will be especially remembered for his watercolours.'
With online gallery.
Illustrations of folktales.

The Art of Roman Egypt.

Art in the Age of Justinian I.

Counter Culture. Online manga comic about the life of a retail superstore. Very funny.

Myths and Tales of the Southeastern Indians, 1929.
'This collection of stories from the Southeastern Native American region covers mythology and folklore from the Creek, Hitchiti, Alabama, Kosati, and Natchez. The Creek (including the Alabama, Hitichi and Kosati) originally lived in northern Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. The Natchez resided in Louisiana. '
'The Southeast tribes once had a sophisticated culture, including a stable federal form of government. They built huge earthworks, the largest indigenous buildings north of Mexico. Decimated by smallpox and contact with the Europeans, the inhabitants of this region were forcibly relocated to the Oklahoma area in the 19th century, alongside the better-known Cherokee. '
'These stories were collected from survivors in the early twentieth century. At this time, their folklore had been influenced for centuries by both European and (particularly) African sources. The tales included here include such 'modern' elements as guns and dry-goods stores, and obvious post-relocation wildlife such as Buffalo. However, the original stories are visible in strong relief, including the trickster (in this area, a very rascally Rabbit), the Corn-mother, and many tales that are similar to the Cherokee and other tribes farther afield. '

Coney Island. 'Coney Island is the story of a tiny spit of land at the foot of Brooklyn that at the turn of the century became the most extravagant playground in the country. In scale, in variety, in sheer inventiveness, Coney Island was unlike anything anyone had ever seen, and sooner or later everyone came to see it. "Coney," one man said in 1904, "is the most bewilderingly up-to-date place of amusement in the world." Coney Island is a lively and absorbing portrait of the extraordinary amusement empire that astonished, delighted and shocked the nation -- and took Americans from the Victorian age into the modern world. '

Houdini. 'In 1912 Harry Houdini was lowered into New York's East River in a crate wrapped in chains. The crowd of spectators gasped; reporters pulled out their stop watches. Houdini was out in less than a minute. The resulting media blitz established him forever as the world's greatest escape artist. On stage, Houdini subjected himself to the Water Torture Cell, being buried alive, and other perils of his own design. Throughout his rise from Hungarian immigrant to international star, Houdini confronted our greatest fears entrapment, pain, death -- and emerged victorious ... '

Jubilee Singers: Sacrifice and Glory. 'In the chaotic decade following the Civil War, a group of young ex-slaves in Nashville, Tennessee, set out on a mission to save their financially troubled school by giving concerts. Traveling first through cities in the North, then on to venues across Europe, the Jubilee Singers introduced audiences to the power of spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery. Driven to physical collapse and even death, the singers proved more successful -- and more inspirational -- than anyone could have imagined. A portrait of faith, music, and sacrifice.'

9th July

The Bertrand Russell Gallery. 'Bertrand Russell, the third Earl Russell, is the twentieth century's most important liberal thinker, one of two or three of its major philosophers, and a prophet for millions of the creative and rational life. He was born in 1872, at the height of Britain's economic and political ascendancy, and died in 1970 when Britain's empire had all but vanished and her power had been drained in two victorious but debilitating world wars. At his death, however, his voice still carried moral authority, for he was one of the world's most influential critics of nuclear weapons and the American war in Vietnam ... '

Cha-no-yu. "Cha-no-yu is just to boil water, make tea and only drink it...this you should know!"
'These are the words of the famous tea master Rikyu (1522-1591). Cha-no-yu has been thought of as a cultural activity unique to Japan, but in recent years there have been many people practicing at Urasenke branches and study groups around the world ... '

Bertolt Brecht Turns 100: A Web Exhibit. 'This online exhibition celebrates the 100th birthday of Bertolt Brecht, one of the most influential playwrights and German writers of the twentieth century.'
'The exhibit provides background information about Bertolt Brecht, explores some of his experiences between 1941 and 1947 when he lived in Southern California, and showcases archival materials in the Feuchtwanger Memorial Library. A list of references is provided.'

Bert Lauzon: 40 Years at the Grand Canyon 1911-51. 'Hubert Raul "Bert" Lauzon was born on January 25, 1885 in Compton, Quebec, to Francois and Mary Claire Lauzon. Francois was absent during many of his son's early years, as he had moved to western Colorado to homestead and be a miner. In 1890, Mary Claire and their five children joined Francois in Colorado. But Francois' insatiable desire to pursue minerals and precious metals soon caused him to leave his family once again, this time on their ranch along the Uncompahgre River. Nonetheless, Bert and his brothers inherited their father's passion for mining ... '

American Peace Society. 'The American Peace Society, based in Boston, Massachusetts, was formed in May 1828 as a result of a merger suggested by William Ladd between the peace societies of Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The records of the American Peace Society, housed at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, consist of meeting minutes, branch material, correspondence, reports, articles, periodicals, pamphlets, scrapbooks, memorabilia, photographs, and personal material from Benjamin Trueblood and his daughter, Lyra Wolkins ... '
Vintage photographs of leaders and supporters of the American Peace Society.

Public Art in Los Angeles. 'Los Angeles is a modern city with a large and diverse ethnic population. This site documents public art works, sculptural works, mosaics, and murals, in the downtown area, the University of Southern California, and other places in the city. '

Berkeley's Bioentrepreneurs. 'Today's bioentrepreneurs at the University of California have predecessors dating to the early decades of the 20th century. An early example is Karl F. Meyer, whose work on botulism and plague saved the California canning industry and produced a successful vaccine for commercial distribution. More recently, Berkeleyans figured prominently in the history of the first Bay Area biotechnology companies that developed ground-breaking techniques and products ... '

Erotic Verse. Not safe for work. 'The purpose of this site is to get good stories exposed to a wider audience. '

Explore Northumberland's Communities. 'The Northumberland Communities website contains a range of learning resource material that reflects Northumberland's heritage, providing a base for studying the County's history. The website provides a starting point for understanding the development of communities in Northumberland. It also seeks to illustrate the range of sources for family and local history research that are available via Northumberland Archives Service. '

Vaux le Vicomte. 'Masterpiece of seventeenth-century France' and 'the inspiration for Versailles'. In pictures.

Andre Le Notre. 'André Le Nôtre was certainly the most famous of all French "gardeners." However there are no theoretical writings from his hand, his papers have disappeared, and his gardens have suffered numerous modifications, thus making it difficult today to fully understand both the historical figure and his work... '
Seven gardens revisited.

Over Under Tokyo. 'Ninja school girls and cosplaying aliens'. Online manga comic.

Transcontinental Railroad. 'On May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah, a boisterous crowd gathered to witness the completion of one of the greatest engineering feats of the 19th century: the building of the transcontinental railroad. The electrifying moment -- the realization of a dream first pursued by a farsighted and determined engineer decades earlier -- marked the culmination of six years of grueling work. '
'Peopled by the ingenious entrepreneurs whose unscrupulous financing got the line laid, the brilliant engineers who charted the railroad's course and hurdled the geological obstacles in its way, the armies of workers who labored relentlessly on the enterprise, and the Native Americans whose lives were destroyed in its wake, The Transcontinental Railroad is a remarkable story of greed, innovation and gritty determination. It reveals both why the railroad was built and how it would shape the nation, while shedding light on the politics and culture of mid-nineteenth century America.'

Sustainable Africa. Water, energy, health, agriculture, biodiversity. Online news 'channel'.

Big Dream Small Screen. 'In 1921, a 14-year-old boy working in a potato field in Idaho had a vision of sending pictures in waves over the air, like sound waves for radio. His epiphany inspired him to invent the first electronic television--a feat that most engineers of the time thought was impossible ... '

The Stars and Stripes: The American Soldiers' Newspaper of World War I, 1918-19. 'When The Stars and Stripes began publication, American forces were dispersed throughout the Western Front, often mixed at the unit level with British, French, and Italian forces. The newspaper's mission was to provide these scattered troops with a sense of unity and an understanding of their part in the overall war effort. The eight-page weekly featured news from home, sports news, poetry, and cartoons, with a staff that included journalists Alexander Woollcott, Harold Ross, and Grantland Rice. Printing the paper on presses borrowed from Paris newspaper plants, the staff used a network of trains, automobiles, and a motorcycle to deliver the news to the doughboys (as the American soldiers were called). At the peak of its production, The Stars and Stripes had a circulation of 526,000 readers ... '

8th July

Fleep. 'Fleep currently appears in the weekly newspaper, "Asian Week". It's about a boy who wakes up in a telephone booth which has been mysteriously selaed in an envelope of concrete. Using only the contents of his pockets (two pens, a paperback novel, three coins and 20 ft of unwaxed dental floss) our hero must fashion and execute an escape plan before he runs out of oxygen. Believe it or not, I try to end each strip on a cliffhanger which is very challanging considering most of the 42 strips take place inside this one phone booth.'
Via Incoming Signals.

The Blooming Corpseflower. Via MeFi.

7th July

Hidden Lives Revealed: Children in Care 1882-1918. 'Hidden Lives Revealed provides an intriguing encounter with children who were in the care of The Children's Society in late Victorian and early 20th Century Britain. '

Heroes and Martyrs of the Resistance France 1940-45: The Manouchian Group.

Women Zen Masters. 'Although written by a Japanese monk in the year 1240, the "Raihai Tokuzui" (Attaining the Marrow Through Reverence), is considered one of the most insightful and essential teachings on the subject of women's equality in Zen Buddhism. Excerpts from this essay by Zen Master Dogen are presented here (based on the translation from Hee-Jin Kim's "Flowers of Emptiness," Lewiston NY: E. Mellen Press, 1985; and Yuho Yokoi's translation of the 75-fascicle version of the "Shobogenzo," Tokyo: Sankibo Buddhist Book-store, 1986.) '

Foundations of Mathematics.

Ben Shahn's New York. Photography from the Thirties.

Benjamin F. Brown and the Circus in America. 'Benjamin F. Brown and the Circus in America examines the career of one of the men involved in the circus in its early years in America. Brown, who lived from 1799 to 1880, worked in the circus from the 1820s through the early 1840s. Brown and his contemporaries introduced innovations in the circus business. These innovations laid the groundwork for later nineteenth century showmen, such as P.T. Barnum. This exhibit will also trace the development of the circus in America from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century and will focus particularly on the first half of the nineteenth century, the formative years for the circus in America.'

The Art of Fugue. Bach. Via MeFi, which has an interesting and informative thread on the subject.
'The Art of Fugue is the last of Bach's great monothematic cycles. Often characterized as the "greatest," such a designation demeans aspects of monothematicism unique to the other three: the Musical Offering, Goldberg Variations, and canonic variations on Vom himmel hoch. Whereas the Art of Fugue manifests its greatness in thematic transformation and fugue, the Musical Offering and Vom himmel hoch demonstrate the rigors of canon, while the Goldberg develops a variety of keyboard styles unified by two-part form and bass line. '
'The Art of Fugue stands as counterpart to Bach's earlier Well Tempered Clavier whose double cycle of preludes and fugues in each of twelve Major, and minor, keys represents tonal miniatures wherein the primary relationships are procedural, not thematic. By contrast, each fugue of Die Kunst shares not only the same key, but also subject. The cleverness with which this subject is varied, then fugally revealed, represents a crowning achievement of western art. '

Sacramento is the New New York.
Shucks. 'Plep knows all. Plep is on the case. Plep will keep you updated on the hottest name in Tibetan cartooning. And it will link to the appropriate pages. Always. That link for the Tibetan cartoonist I just provided? I got it from Plep. You will not find a more exhaustive and eclectic respository of links. Plep even sounds like a proper bot name. It does not try to mask its silicon origins with tall tales of drinking and sex-making and forgetting and repeating. No, this is a bot that knows its purpose. What is its purpose? I've just told you. Plep has forgotton more about Tlingit myths and texts than you will ever know. But that is a lie, because Plep does not forget. I was merely using an expression to add emphasis. And it worked. You totally got the point I was making. Look there, behind you. It's Plep, surveilling you. That is why it is the winner in this category.'

Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch Master. From 2003. 'The first major retrospective devoted to this virtuoso Netherlandish mannerist features spectacular figural displays in prints, remarkable pen paintings on parchment, vivid portraits and nature studies in colored chalk and silverpoint, and paintings of mythological and religious subjects on canvas and copper. Culled from collections throughout Europe and the United States, the selection of 69 drawings, 80 prints, and 13 paintings spans the artist's entire career and demonstrates his legendary mastery of a wide range of media, subject matter, and styles.'

Guide to Sleeping in Airports Worldwide.

Andrew Watson. 'Guyana born Andrew Watson was capped three times for Scotland between 1881 and 1882, and is now believed to have been the first black football (soccer) player to represent his country. He began playing in 1874 and subsequently played for Queens Park. Until this discovery, it had always been maintained that the first black footballer was Arthur Wharton, who played for the English team of Preston North End. But Watson pre-dates him by 11 years ... '
Andrew Watson at the University of Glasgow, 1875-76.

Angkor: The Lost City in the Jungle. With online gallery.

Anne Frank, the Writer: An Unfinished Story. 'Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank wrote short stories, fairy tales, essays and the beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks and more than 300 loose pages, meticulously handwritten during her two years in hiding, survived the war...'

The Saint John's Bible. An illuminated Bible for the 21st century. Galleries here.

Animal, Mineral and Vegetable: Natural History Books by Ten Authors. 'With intellectual curiosity and purpose in common, the ten naturalists were very different in their interests, backgrounds and styles of working. Robert Hooke (1655-1703) was a restless researcher who moved from one project to another. The striking illustrations in his Micrographia of magnified leaves, stones, and insects came from his study of the microscope. Abraham Trembley (1710-1784) became aware of hydra almost by accident, then concentrated on studying them as thoroughly as possible, planning every step in his groundbreaking work. Linneaus (1707-1778) had the same need for organization but applied it to creating a classification system of all three kingdoms of nature. '
'Trembley, Hooke and the horticulturist William Curtis (1746-1799) made their careers close to home, studying things which others did not notice, or considered ordinary, while Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717), Mark Catesby (1679?-1749), and especially Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) traveled to study plants and animals and geology unknown in Europe. Humboldt's six-year journey in Central and South America has been called the "scientific discovery of America." ... '

Anne Clay Crenshaw and the Women's Suffrage Movement in Virginia. 'In November of 1909, eighteen women met at the Richmond home of Anne Clay Crenshaw to organize what became Virginia's largest and most influential women's suffrage organization, the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia (ESL). Their ten year struggle to change their status as disfranchised citizens and to exercise what they believed was their right to vote, led ultimately to a substantially greater role of women in Virginia's public affairs.'
'The struggle for women's suffrage and equality in Virginia is in many ways a Richmond story. Not only did Richmond women begin the movement, they guided its course. While there has been increasingly more interest paid by historians and academics to the history of the women's rights movement in Virginia, certain events and individuals have been given little attention or completely ignored. This paper will examine the role of one such individual, Anne (Annie) Warfield Clay Crenshaw (1859-1945) ... '

Anne Langton: Gentlewoman, Pioneer Settler and Artist. Canadian history. 'Anne arrived in Peterborough, which in 1837 had a population of 900 inhabitants, to a scene she would remember all her life, "How wild! A waste wilderness of woods - not so much the growing woods, which were not far off, but the precious article seemed thrown about everywhere" (The Story of Our Family (SOF), 64) ... '

Angelica Singleton Van Buren, 1816-77. 'The books displayed here belonged to Angelica Singleton Van Buren (1816-1877), the South Carolina-born daughter-in-law who was President Martin Van Buren's hostess at the White House. They are among a larger group of books, from the Barnwell and Singleton families, that were for many years in the home of Miss Malinda Barnwell of Florence, S.C. The collection has recently been donated to the University by Mr. and Mrs. David Phillips of Florence.'
'Angelica Singleton, daughter of South Carolina planter Richard Singleton and Rebecca Travis (Coles) Singleton, was raised at the family plantation Home Place, in Sumter, South Carolina. During the late 1820's and early 1830's she attended Madame Grelaud's Seminary in Philadelphia along with her older sister Marion; such seminaries offered young ladies instruction in subjects such as grammar, languages, deportment, history, and music...'

6th July

Kentucky Coal Education. 'In an effort to educate the public, the contents of this page are directed to students, teachers, employees of the coal industry, and the general public to expand their knowledge of coal and the coal industry. The Coal Education Web Site is a dynamic, growing portrait of one of America's most essential industries. Its purpose is to present factual, useful information about coal in a fun and productive way.'

Hobby Gas Turbines. 'The gas turbine was one of the greatest inventions of the last century, it is a unique and fascinating power plant. It is simple in its basic operation yet immensely complicated to design and build. Gas turbines come in all shapes and sizes and range from miniature model aircraft units to the awesome GE90. This website is principally a celebration of small engines capable of producing up to 250 BHP, these are often referred to as APUs (Auxiliary Power Units). Many small stationary gas turbine engines have been built over the last 50 years or so, these engines may be considered collectable in a similar way to their reciprocating brothers.'

Jerry's Electric Car Conversion. 'I decided to take the plunge: attempt to convert a gas powered automobile into an Electric Vehicle (EV). I'd read about it in books and magazines, and had followed other folks on the web exchanging their experiences and technology news. It should be noted that I am not a professional EV person, nor do I represent any or play one on TV. I learned as I went: making mistakes, back-tracking, skinning knuckles, and doing some prettly lame (in retrospect) things. Still, I thought it would be fun to document this journey even if it ran in fits and starts and took all winter.'

Surviving the Dust Bowl. 'Lured by the promise of rich, plentiful soil, thousands of settlers came to the Southern Plains, bringing farming techniques that worked well in the North and East. The farmers subsequently plowed millions of acres of grassland, only to have the rains stop in the summer of 1931. The catastrophic eight-year drought that followed led observers to rename the region "The Dust Bowl." '

The Nuremberg Chronicle. 'The Nuremberg Chronicle - Liber chronicarum - was published in 1493. It was the most ambitious book printing job undertaken since the invention of movable metal typesetting, only several decades earlier. It was the most successful of many attempts to write and print a chronicle of the history of the known world from the beginning until that time. Its principal editor was Hartmann Schedel, a Nuremberg city doctor. '
'The Nuremberg Chronicle was an immense printing job, with more than 600 pages, and more than 600 woodcut illustrations (there is strong evidence that Dürer did many of the prints). With each page about the size of a modern broadsheet newspaper, it makes for a formidable presence on a table. The images (prints) and text (type) are very closely integrated throughout the book, producing one cohesive unit. Very little white space is left between print and text, giving the pages a very dense, packed look...'

Leonardo. 'Leonardo da Vinci is celebrated as the inventor of extraordinary machines and mechanical devices that entered the common heritage of technical culture only several centuries after his death.'
'However, a close examination of the history of technology from the late fourteenth century to the end of the fifteenth century reveals that the "Leonardo phenomenon" was the logical outcome of a development of engineering and technical skills to which other talented figures contributed as well.'
Leonardo the engineer.
Leonardo's manuscripts.

The Six Regions of Wales. Virtual tours.
'The irregular-shaped peninsula that is known as Wales (In Welsh, Cymru: pronounced "Kumree"), is only some 40 miles wide at its narrowest and 100 miles across at its widest. Its maximum length is only 140 miles. Such a tiny country, occupying only a little over 8 percent of the total area of the United Kingdom, it contains a variety of scenery and a wealth of places to visit!'
'Wales is a hilly country; one quarter of its total land area is over 1,000 feet high; it has 168 summits over 2,000 feet and 15 over 3,000 feet. Wales possesses the highest mountain and the highest waterfall in Britain south of Scotland, the highest sand dunes and the deepest cave in Britain; its National Museum contains the largest sea turtle ever recorded; its Snowdon Mountain is the wettest place in the British Isles; it has the highest January and November temperatures ever recorded in Britain; the growing season in southwest Dyfed is approximately 365 days a year at sea level. Wales contains over 400 natural lakes and over 90 reservoirs; it is the source of three major British rivers; it is home to three National Parks ... '

The Story of Ch'u Yuan. As a comic. 'Ch'u Yuan was an excellent political official in Chu Kingdom during Zhanguo period.At that time there were several kingdoms fighting for leader of the country.Therefore each kingdom arouse its all efforts to make the kingdom prosperous.As a brilliant politician,Ch'u helped his king very much,and go without saying,his king attached importance to Ch'u,which made other politicians' jealousy.They said bad things about Ch'u in front of the king,so Ch'u was ousted.Ch'u couldn't see his country decline by the evils,so he jumped into the river,and died.People hold Gragon Boat Festival and eat Zongzi every year to show their deep love and respect to Ch'u Yuan.'

Compassionate Goddesses Kuan-Yin & Tara.

Lie of the Land: The Secret Life of Maps.

Jim Avignon. 'Berlin-artist Jim Avignon has become famous for being the protagonist of a new art movement that takes art out of galleries and makes it more attractive to the general public. '

Random Acts of Reality, 'a Blog based in London, England, written by an E.M.T working for the London Ambulance Service. Also, number one search result for "Womble porn". '

Freedom: A History of US. From the PBS website.

Subway Systems of the World Presented on the Same Scale.

Bowen Island Journal: Life in the Salish Sea. 'Bowen Island is 20 square mile chunk of rock lying two miles off the west coast of Canada. It is home to 3000 people, three mountains, two valleys, four lakes, about 15 beaches, two species of salmon, one village and me and my family. The Squamish name is Xwlil Xhwm. It means "fast drumming ground." It's about deer. Welcome to a journal of life on Bowen... '

Busking in Manhattan. Article from Smithsonian Mag, with photos.