The Centre of the World.
'The eighth episode of filmmaker Ric Burns' award-winning series
New York: A Documentary Film examines the rise and fall of the World
Trade Center -- from its conception in the post-World War II economic
boom, through its controversial construction in the 1960s and 1970s, to
its tragic demise in the fall of 2001 and extraordinary response of the
city in its aftermath.'
Bus Stop Shelters in Ukraine.
'Some are frescoed, some are etched, some are tiled mosaics -- all
are beautiful. Most have fallen into a state of disrepair because the
local governments can no longer afford to maintain them. '
Did You Bring
' "Did You Bring Bottles" is a site on the subject of supermarket
history and architecture, roughly covering the period from the 1920s
to the 1970s. It is not a site about current supermarket issues and
locations, except in historical perspective, and it is not connected
with nor owned by any supermarket chain, past or present. '
Best Dressed: 250 Years of Style.
'Best Dressed: 250 Years of Style is the most comprehensive costume
exhibition ever mounted by the Museum, with some 200 costumes and
accessories covering nearly three centuries of fashion. Drawn from
the Museum's important holdings of Western and non-Western dress, the
exhibition will feature costumes from the Middle East and Asia as well
as Europe and United States. The show will present the finest pieces in
the collection including regional dress; 18th-century and early
19th-century high-style from Europe and the United States; a selection
of important late 19th-century gowns designed by great Parisian
couturiers, including Charles Frederick Worth; works by renowned
20th-century fashion designers, such as Elsa Schiaparelli who gave the
Museum a significant collection of her work; and one of the most popular
items in the Museum's collection, the wedding dress worn by Princess
Grace of Monaco, the former Grace Kelly of Philadelphia ... '
Sierra Leone travel and tourism information.
'Unfortunately, its recent history has been tainted with the ugliness
of war and as such, the mention of Sierra Leone brings back memories
of the atrocities committed by the RUF rebels. However, the awful rebel
war has been over for over 2 years now and Sierra Leoneans have put it
behind them. Sierra Leoneans are ready to take the step forward in
order to catch up with the rest of the world. In short, Sierra Leone
is open for business! This site will hopefully present a side of Sierra
Leone not often seen in the media - it's beauty, wonderful people and
enormous business potential.'
Jonsson. 'Ásgrimur Jónsson (1876 - 1958) was one
of the pioneers of Icelandic art and the first
Icelander to take up painting professionally ...
' '... Jonsson laid the foundation for Icelandic
landscape painting, and throughout his career the
nature of Iceland was his favoured subject matter. He
was also a pioneering interpreter of Icelandic
folktales. Though Jónsson was a proficient painter of
oil, he will be especially remembered for his
watercolours.' With online gallery.
Culture. Online manga comic about the life of a
retail superstore. Very funny.
and Tales of the Southeastern Indians,
1929. 'This collection of stories from the
Southeastern Native American region covers mythology
and folklore from the Creek, Hitchiti, Alabama,
Kosati, and Natchez. The Creek (including the Alabama,
Hitichi and Kosati) originally lived in northern
Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. The Natchez resided
in Louisiana. ' 'The Southeast tribes once had a
sophisticated culture, including a stable federal form
of government. They built huge earthworks, the largest
indigenous buildings north of Mexico. Decimated by
smallpox and contact with the Europeans, the
inhabitants of this region were forcibly relocated to
the Oklahoma area in the 19th century, alongside the
better-known Cherokee. ' 'These stories were
collected from survivors in the early twentieth
century. At this time, their folklore had been
influenced for centuries by both European and
(particularly) African sources. The tales included
here include such 'modern' elements as guns and
dry-goods stores, and obvious post-relocation wildlife
such as Buffalo. However, the original stories are
visible in strong relief, including the trickster (in
this area, a very rascally Rabbit), the Corn-mother,
and many tales that are similar to the Cherokee and
other tribes farther afield. '
Island. 'Coney Island is the story of a tiny spit
of land at the foot of Brooklyn that at the turn of
the century became the most extravagant playground in
the country. In scale, in variety, in sheer
inventiveness, Coney Island was unlike anything anyone
had ever seen, and sooner or later everyone came to
see it. "Coney," one man said in 1904, "is the most
bewilderingly up-to-date place of amusement in the
world." Coney Island is a lively and absorbing
portrait of the extraordinary amusement empire that
astonished, delighted and shocked the nation -- and
took Americans from the Victorian age into the modern
'In 1912 Harry Houdini was lowered into New York's
East River in a crate wrapped in chains. The crowd of
spectators gasped; reporters pulled out their stop
watches. Houdini was out in less than a minute. The
resulting media blitz established him forever as the
world's greatest escape artist. On stage, Houdini
subjected himself to the Water Torture Cell, being
buried alive, and other perils of his own design.
Throughout his rise from Hungarian immigrant to
international star, Houdini confronted our greatest
fears entrapment, pain, death -- and emerged
victorious ... '
Singers: Sacrifice and Glory. 'In the chaotic
decade following the Civil War, a group of young
ex-slaves in Nashville, Tennessee, set out on a
mission to save their financially troubled school by
giving concerts. Traveling first through cities in the
North, then on to venues across Europe, the Jubilee
Singers introduced audiences to the power of
spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery. Driven
to physical collapse and even death, the singers
proved more successful -- and more inspirational --
than anyone could have imagined. A portrait of faith,
music, and sacrifice.'
The Bertrand Russell Gallery.
'Bertrand Russell, the third Earl Russell, is the twentieth century's
most important liberal thinker, one of two or three of its major
philosophers, and a prophet for millions of the creative and rational
life. He was born in 1872, at the height of Britain's economic and
political ascendancy, and died in 1970 when Britain's empire had all
but vanished and her power had been drained in two victorious but
debilitating world wars. At his death, however, his voice still
carried moral authority, for he was one of the world's most influential
critics of nuclear weapons and the American war in Vietnam ... '
"Cha-no-yu is just to boil water, make tea and only drink it...this you
'These are the words of the famous tea master Rikyu (1522-1591).
Cha-no-yu has been thought of as a cultural activity unique to Japan,
but in recent years there have been many people practicing at Urasenke
branches and study groups around the world ... '
Bertolt Brecht Turns 100: A Web Exhibit. 'This
online exhibition celebrates the 100th birthday of Bertolt Brecht, one
of the most influential playwrights and German writers of the twentieth
'The exhibit provides background information about Bertolt Brecht,
explores some of his experiences between 1941 and 1947 when he lived
in Southern California, and showcases archival materials in the
Feuchtwanger Memorial Library. A list of references is provided.'
Bert Lauzon: 40 Years at the Grand Canyon 1911-51.
'Hubert Raul "Bert" Lauzon was born on January 25, 1885 in Compton,
Quebec, to Francois and Mary Claire Lauzon. Francois was absent during
many of his son's early years, as he had moved to western Colorado to
homestead and be a miner. In 1890, Mary Claire and their five children
joined Francois in Colorado. But Francois' insatiable desire to pursue
minerals and precious metals soon caused him to leave his family once
again, this time on their ranch along the Uncompahgre River. Nonetheless,
Bert and his brothers inherited their father's passion for mining ... '
American Peace Society.
'The American Peace Society, based in Boston, Massachusetts, was formed
in May 1828 as a result of a merger suggested by William Ladd between
the peace societies of Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The records
of the American Peace Society, housed at the Swarthmore College Peace
Collection, consist of meeting minutes, branch material, correspondence,
reports, articles, periodicals, pamphlets, scrapbooks, memorabilia,
photographs, and personal material from Benjamin Trueblood and his
daughter, Lyra Wolkins ... '
Vintage photographs of leaders and supporters of the American Peace
Public Art in Los Angeles.
'Los Angeles is a modern city with a large and diverse ethnic population.
This site documents public art works, sculptural works, mosaics, and
murals, in the downtown area, the University of Southern California,
and other places in the city. '
'Today's bioentrepreneurs at the University of California have predecessors
dating to the early decades of the 20th century. An early example is Karl
F. Meyer, whose work on botulism and plague saved the California canning
industry and produced a successful vaccine for commercial distribution.
More recently, Berkeleyans figured prominently in the history of the first
Bay Area biotechnology companies that developed ground-breaking techniques
and products ... '
Erotic Verse. Not safe for work.
'The purpose of this site is to get good stories exposed to a wider
Northumberland's Communities. 'The Northumberland
Communities website contains a range of learning
resource material that reflects Northumberland's
heritage, providing a base for studying the County's
history. The website provides a starting point for
understanding the development of communities in
Northumberland. It also seeks to illustrate the range
of sources for family and local history research that
are available via Northumberland Archives Service. '
Le Notre. 'André Le Nôtre was certainly the most
famous of all French "gardeners." However there are no
theoretical writings from his hand, his papers have
disappeared, and his gardens have suffered numerous
modifications, thus making it difficult today to fully
understand both the historical figure and his work...
Railroad. 'On May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit,
Utah, a boisterous crowd gathered to witness the
completion of one of the greatest engineering feats of
the 19th century: the building of the transcontinental
railroad. The electrifying moment -- the realization
of a dream first pursued by a farsighted and
determined engineer decades earlier -- marked the
culmination of six years of grueling work.
' 'Peopled by the ingenious entrepreneurs whose
unscrupulous financing got the line laid, the
brilliant engineers who charted the railroad's course
and hurdled the geological obstacles in its way, the
armies of workers who labored relentlessly on the
enterprise, and the Native Americans whose lives were
destroyed in its wake, The Transcontinental Railroad
is a remarkable story of greed, innovation and gritty
determination. It reveals both why the railroad was
built and how it would shape the nation, while
shedding light on the politics and culture of
mid-nineteenth century America.'
Dream Small Screen. 'In 1921, a 14-year-old boy
working in a potato field in Idaho had a vision of
sending pictures in waves over the air, like sound
waves for radio. His epiphany inspired him to invent
the first electronic television--a feat that most
engineers of the time thought was impossible ... '
Stars and Stripes: The American Soldiers' Newspaper of
World War I, 1918-19. 'When The Stars and Stripes
began publication, American forces were dispersed
throughout the Western Front, often mixed at the unit
level with British, French, and Italian forces. The
newspaper's mission was to provide these scattered
troops with a sense of unity and an understanding of
their part in the overall war effort. The eight-page
weekly featured news from home, sports news, poetry,
and cartoons, with a staff that included journalists
Alexander Woollcott, Harold Ross, and Grantland Rice.
Printing the paper on presses borrowed from Paris
newspaper plants, the staff used a network of trains,
automobiles, and a motorcycle to deliver the news to
the doughboys (as the American soldiers were called).
At the peak of its production, The Stars and Stripes
had a circulation of 526,000 readers ... '
'Fleep currently appears in the weekly newspaper, "Asian Week". It's about
a boy who wakes up in a
telephone booth which has been mysteriously selaed in an envelope of
concrete. Using only the
contents of his pockets (two pens, a paperback novel, three coins and 20
ft of unwaxed dental floss)
our hero must fashion and execute an escape plan before he runs out of
oxygen. Believe it or not, I
try to end each strip on a cliffhanger which is very challanging
considering most of the 42 strips
take place inside this one phone booth.'
Women Zen Masters.
'Although written by a Japanese monk in the year 1240, the "Raihai
Tokuzui" (Attaining the Marrow Through Reverence), is considered one of
the most insightful and essential teachings on the subject of women's
equality in Zen Buddhism. Excerpts from this essay by Zen Master Dogen
are presented here (based on the translation from Hee-Jin Kim's "Flowers
of Emptiness," Lewiston NY: E. Mellen Press, 1985; and Yuho Yokoi's
translation of the 75-fascicle version of the "Shobogenzo," Tokyo: Sankibo
Buddhist Book-store, 1986.) '
Benjamin F. Brown and the Circus in America.
'Benjamin F. Brown and the Circus in America examines the career of
one of the men involved in the circus in its early years in America.
Brown, who lived from 1799 to 1880, worked in the circus from the 1820s
through the early 1840s. Brown and his contemporaries introduced
innovations in the circus business. These innovations laid the groundwork
for later nineteenth century showmen, such as P.T. Barnum. This exhibit
will also trace the development of the circus in America from the late
eighteenth century through the nineteenth century and will focus
particularly on the first half of the nineteenth century, the formative
years for the circus in America.'
The Art of Fugue.
which has an interesting and informative thread on
'The Art of Fugue is the last of Bach's great monothematic cycles. Often
characterized as the "greatest," such a designation demeans aspects of
monothematicism unique to the other three: the Musical Offering, Goldberg
Variations, and canonic variations on Vom himmel hoch. Whereas the Art of
Fugue manifests its greatness in thematic transformation and fugue, the
Musical Offering and Vom himmel hoch demonstrate the rigors of canon,
while the Goldberg develops a variety of keyboard styles unified by
two-part form and bass line. '
'The Art of Fugue stands as counterpart to Bach's earlier Well Tempered
Clavier whose double cycle of preludes and fugues in each of twelve
and minor, keys represents tonal miniatures wherein the
relationships are procedural, not thematic. By contrast, each fugue of Die
Kunst shares not only the same key, but also subject. The cleverness with
which this subject is varied, then fugally revealed, represents a
crowning achievement of western art. '
Sacramento is the New New York.
Shucks. 'Plep knows all. Plep is on the case. Plep will keep you
updated on the hottest name in
Tibetan cartooning. And it will link to the appropriate pages. Always.
That link for the Tibetan
cartoonist I just provided? I got it from Plep. You will not find a
more exhaustive and eclectic
respository of links. Plep even sounds like a proper bot name. It does
not try to mask its silicon
origins with tall tales of drinking and sex-making and forgetting and
repeating. No, this is a bot
that knows its purpose. What is its purpose? I've just told you. Plep has
forgotton more about
Tlingit myths and texts than you will ever know. But that is a lie,
because Plep does not forget. I
was merely using an expression to add emphasis. And it worked. You
totally got the point I was
making. Look there, behind you. It's Plep, surveilling you. That is why
it is the winner in this
Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch Master.
'The first major retrospective devoted to this virtuoso Netherlandish
mannerist features spectacular figural displays in prints, remarkable
pen paintings on parchment, vivid portraits and nature studies in colored
chalk and silverpoint, and paintings of mythological and religious subjects
on canvas and copper. Culled from collections throughout Europe and the
United States, the selection of 69 drawings, 80 prints, and 13 paintings
spans the artist's entire career and demonstrates his legendary mastery
of a wide range of media, subject matter, and styles.'
Andrew Watson. 'Guyana born Andrew Watson was capped three times for
Scotland between 1881 and 1882, and is now believed to have been the
first black football (soccer) player to represent his country. He began
playing in 1874 and subsequently played for Queens Park. Until this
discovery, it had always been maintained that the first black footballer
was Arthur Wharton, who played for the English team of Preston North
End. But Watson pre-dates him by 11 years ... '
Andrew Watson at the University of Glasgow, 1875-76.
Anne Frank, the Writer: An Unfinished Story.
'Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank wrote short stories, fairy
tales, essays and the beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks and more
than 300 loose pages, meticulously handwritten during her two years in
hiding, survived the war...'
Animal, Mineral and Vegetable: Natural History Books by Ten Authors.
'With intellectual curiosity and purpose in common, the ten naturalists
were very different in their interests, backgrounds and styles of
working. Robert Hooke (1655-1703) was a restless researcher who moved
from one project to another. The striking illustrations in his
Micrographia of magnified leaves, stones, and insects came from his
study of the microscope. Abraham Trembley (1710-1784) became aware of
hydra almost by accident, then concentrated on studying them as
thoroughly as possible, planning every step in his groundbreaking work.
Linneaus (1707-1778) had the same need for organization but applied it
to creating a classification system of all three kingdoms of nature.
'Trembley, Hooke and the horticulturist William Curtis (1746-1799) made
their careers close to home, studying things which others did not
notice, or considered ordinary, while Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717),
Mark Catesby (1679?-1749), and especially Alexander von Humboldt
(1769-1859) traveled to study plants and animals and geology unknown in
Europe. Humboldt's six-year journey in Central and South America has
been called the "scientific discovery of America." ... '
Anne Clay Crenshaw and the Women's Suffrage Movement in Virginia.
'In November of 1909, eighteen women met at the Richmond home of Anne
Clay Crenshaw to organize what became Virginia's largest and most
influential women's suffrage organization, the Equal Suffrage League of
Virginia (ESL). Their ten year struggle to change their status as
disfranchised citizens and to exercise what they believed was their
right to vote, led ultimately to a substantially greater role of women
in Virginia's public affairs.' 'The struggle for women's suffrage and
equality in Virginia is in many ways a Richmond story. Not only did
Richmond women begin the movement, they guided its course. While there
has been increasingly more interest paid by historians and academics to
the history of the women's rights movement in Virginia, certain events
and individuals have been given little attention or completely ignored.
This paper will examine the role of one such individual, Anne (Annie)
Warfield Clay Crenshaw (1859-1945) ... '
Anne Langton: Gentlewoman, Pioneer Settler and Artist. Canadian
history. 'Anne arrived in Peterborough, which in 1837 had a population
of 900 inhabitants, to a scene she would remember all her life, "How
wild! A waste wilderness of woods - not so much the growing woods, which
were not far off, but the precious article seemed thrown about
everywhere" (The Story of Our Family (SOF), 64) ... '
Angelica Singleton Van Buren, 1816-77. 'The books displayed here
belonged to Angelica Singleton Van Buren (1816-1877), the South
Carolina-born daughter-in-law who was President Martin Van Buren's
hostess at the White House. They are among a larger group of books, from
the Barnwell and Singleton families, that were for many years in the
home of Miss Malinda Barnwell of Florence, S.C. The collection has
recently been donated to the University by Mr. and Mrs. David Phillips
of Florence.' 'Angelica Singleton, daughter of South Carolina planter
Richard Singleton and Rebecca Travis (Coles) Singleton, was raised at
the family plantation Home Place, in Sumter, South Carolina. During the
late 1820's and early 1830's she attended Madame Grelaud's Seminary in
Philadelphia along with her older sister Marion; such seminaries offered
young ladies instruction in subjects such as grammar, languages,
deportment, history, and music...'
Education. 'In an effort to educate the public,
the contents of this page are directed to students,
teachers, employees of the coal industry, and the
general public to expand their knowledge of coal and
the coal industry. The Coal Education Web Site is a
dynamic, growing portrait of one of America's most
essential industries. Its purpose is to present
factual, useful information about coal in a fun and
Gas Turbines. 'The gas turbine was one of the
greatest inventions of the last century, it is a
unique and fascinating power plant. It is simple in
its basic operation yet immensely complicated to
design and build. Gas turbines come in all shapes and
sizes and range from miniature model aircraft units to
the awesome GE90. This website is principally a
celebration of small engines capable of producing up
to 250 BHP, these are often referred to as APUs
(Auxiliary Power Units). Many small stationary gas
turbine engines have been built over the last 50 years
or so, these engines may be considered collectable in
a similar way to their reciprocating brothers.'
Electric Car Conversion. 'I decided to take the
plunge: attempt to convert a gas powered automobile
into an Electric Vehicle (EV). I'd read about it in
books and magazines, and had followed other folks on
the web exchanging their experiences and technology
news. It should be noted that I am not a professional
EV person, nor do I represent any or play one on TV. I
learned as I went: making mistakes, back-tracking,
skinning knuckles, and doing some prettly lame (in
retrospect) things. Still, I thought it would be fun
to document this journey even if it ran in fits and
starts and took all winter.'
the Dust Bowl. 'Lured by the promise of rich,
plentiful soil, thousands of settlers came to the
Southern Plains, bringing farming techniques that
worked well in the North and East. The farmers
subsequently plowed millions of acres of grassland,
only to have the rains stop in the summer of 1931. The
catastrophic eight-year drought that followed led
observers to rename the region "The Dust Bowl." '
Nuremberg Chronicle. 'The Nuremberg Chronicle -
Liber chronicarum - was published in 1493. It was the
most ambitious book printing job undertaken since the
invention of movable metal typesetting, only several
decades earlier. It was the most successful of many
attempts to write and print a chronicle of the history
of the known world from the beginning until that time.
Its principal editor was Hartmann Schedel, a Nuremberg
city doctor. ' 'The Nuremberg Chronicle was an
immense printing job, with more than 600 pages, and
more than 600 woodcut illustrations (there is strong
evidence that Dürer did many of the prints). With each
page about the size of a modern broadsheet newspaper,
it makes for a formidable presence on a table. The
images (prints) and text (type) are very closely
integrated throughout the book, producing one cohesive
unit. Very little white space is left between print
and text, giving the pages a very dense, packed
'Leonardo da Vinci is celebrated as the inventor of
extraordinary machines and mechanical devices that
entered the common heritage of technical culture only
several centuries after his death.'
'However, a close examination of the history of
technology from the late fourteenth century to the end
of the fifteenth century reveals that the "Leonardo
phenomenon" was the logical outcome of a development
of engineering and technical skills to which other
talented figures contributed as well.' Leonardo
the engineer. Leonardo's
Six Regions of Wales. Virtual tours. 'The
irregular-shaped peninsula that is known as Wales (In
Welsh, Cymru: pronounced "Kumree"), is only some 40
miles wide at its narrowest and 100 miles across at
its widest. Its maximum length is only 140 miles. Such
a tiny country, occupying only a little over 8 percent
of the total area of the United Kingdom, it contains a
variety of scenery and a wealth of places to
visit!' 'Wales is a hilly country; one quarter of
its total land area is over 1,000 feet high; it has
168 summits over 2,000 feet and 15 over 3,000 feet.
Wales possesses the highest mountain and the highest
waterfall in Britain south of Scotland, the highest
sand dunes and the deepest cave in Britain; its
National Museum contains the largest sea turtle ever
recorded; its Snowdon Mountain is the wettest place in
the British Isles; it has the highest January and
November temperatures ever recorded in Britain; the
growing season in southwest Dyfed is approximately 365
days a year at sea level. Wales contains over 400
natural lakes and over 90 reservoirs; it is the source
of three major British rivers; it is home to three
National Parks ... '
Story of Ch'u Yuan. As a comic. 'Ch'u Yuan was an
excellent political official in Chu Kingdom during
Zhanguo period.At that time there were several
kingdoms fighting for leader of the country.Therefore
each kingdom arouse its all efforts to make the
kingdom prosperous.As a brilliant politician,Ch'u
helped his king very much,and go without saying,his
king attached importance to Ch'u,which made other
politicians' jealousy.They said bad things about Ch'u
in front of the king,so Ch'u was ousted.Ch'u couldn't
see his country decline by the evils,so he jumped into
the river,and died.People hold Gragon Boat Festival
and eat Zongzi every year to show their deep love and
respect to Ch'u Yuan.'
Bowen Island Journal: Life in the Salish Sea.
'Bowen Island is 20 square mile chunk of rock lying two miles off the
west coast of Canada. It is home to 3000 people, three mountains, two
valleys, four lakes, about 15 beaches, two species of salmon, one
village and me and my family. The Squamish name is Xwlil Xhwm. It means
"fast drumming ground." It's about deer. Welcome to a journal of life on