Haiku of Kobayashi Issa.
'Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827) was one of the most prolific of Japan's
haiku poets, leaving thousands of one-breath masterpieces for the world
to enjoy. Only a small fraction of his life's work has been translated
into English. This website offers an archive of 5,200 of Issa's haiku.
'You can view Issa's poems in a seasonal anthology, organized by
traditional Japanese season words, or search the archive.'
Solresol. An 'invented' musical language.
'Solresol was developed by Jean François Sudre (1787-1864) beginning in
1817 and running past his death (courtesy of posthumous publication) to
1866. Solresol is important to the history of constructed languages
(particularly interlanguages) on several grounds: it was the first
artificial language to get beyond the project stage and to be taken
seriously as an interlanguage, and it also pioneered certain ideas that
have only recently been rediscovered. It is also the first and only
musically-based interlanguage--or at least, the only one to make any
' 'A fabulous... exhibition that celebrates the book itself and the
Golden Age of Northumbria that created it, one of the great moments of
artistic awakening in these islands', The Guardian (12 July
2003). 'The book that made Britain', The Sunday Times (11 May
2003).' 'Turn the pages of one of the world's most magnificent works
of art; understand how and why this great book was made.'
'Find out about the work of one man on the island of Lindisfarne in the
early eighth century. See a sumptuous tapestry of faith, politics,
design, fashion and trade on the world stage.'
The Robert Boyle Project
(1627-91). 'Boyle is a seminal figure in the emergence of modern
science, and interest in him has intensified in recent years. Various
major initiatives have been associated with the Robert Boyle Project,
including the publication of definitive, new editions of his Works (14
volumes, 1999-2000) and Correspondence (6 volumes, 2001), together with
an electronic edition of his Work-diaries. This website provides various
facilities for those interested in Boyle's life and work. These are
listed in the adjacent menu, each item within which has its own index
page giving further information about its content. '
Anthem for Doomed Youth: Writers and Literature of the Great War,
'On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a radical Serbian student,
assassinated the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Francis Ferdinand, and his
wife Sophie. This single, amateurish stunt for Serbian independence,
coupled with arrogant foreign relations and entangling alliances, would,
within a month, draw the western world into the most cruel, catastrophic
war it had ever known. The First World War arrived at the climax of an
era of unprecedented growth and achievement in Europe, shattering
people's faith in king and country, and putting the lie to the popular
notion that man and society had been progressing and improving right in
step with the giant strides of the industrial revolution ...'
The Anthony P. Campanella Collection of Giuseppi Garibaldi. 'The
Anthony P. Campanella Collection, recently presented to the University
of South Carolina by Dr. Campanella, is a resource of major significance
on Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882), Italian liberator and hero-figure of
nineteenth-century liberal nationalism, and on the Risorgimento, the
1860 reunification of Italy. Apart from the wars and territorial
redistributions of the Napoleonic period, Italian reunification was the
most influential, far-reaching political event in nineteenth-century
Europe: the intellectual and political consequences of the event
extended far beyond the boundaries of Italy.'
The Annual Literary Festival, Old Dominion University. 'In April
1978, the English Department held a Poetry Jam, featuring Richard
Wilbur, W.D. Snodgrass, and Dave Smith. The success of the Poetry Jam
and "the recent explosion of community interest in the literary, visual,
and performing arts" in Hampton Roads, led to the First Annual Literary
Festival. It was called "The Arts Reunion," and it coincided with the
arrival of the Associated Writing Programs' national headquarters, the
birth of ODU's creative writing program, and the establishment of a
Distinguished Visiting Writer position (W. D. Snodgrass was our first).
It was a heady time. ' 'The enthusiasm has continued, sustained by
ever-increasing university and community support. Each October the
Hampton Roads, as well as the University, calendar reminds us that for
about a week our area will be home to such writers as Robert Pinsky,
Rita Dove, John McPhee, William Styron, Ann Beattie, Charles Johnson,
Derek Walcott, and Gwendolyn Brooks ...'
Anne T. Kent California Room Ephemera. 'We are in the process of
creating an online collection of ephemera from Marin County and Northern
California via our extensive collection. Ephemera is defined as
transitory paper documents produced for a specific purpose or event.
Examples include flyers, brochures, clippings, tickets, invitations, and
'The history of mathematics goes a long way back with devices and
methods of calculation. Starting with the ancient Abacus, the slide rule
and the logarithms, the mechanical calculating machines, the
electromechanical calculators and finally the electronic computer.
This site deals mainly with the mechanical calculating machines from a
collector's point of view. I hope you enjoy this site and find it as
useful as many other cyberspace citizens have. '
Spirals in Nature: The Magical Number Behind Hurricanes
'As hurricane Isabel churned toward his office in Baltimore yesterday,
astrophysicist Mario Livio pondered the curious similarity between the
storm's shape and that of our Milky Way Galaxy. In fact, Livio knows,
the shape is shared by things as diverse as a seashell, water going down
a drain and the path of a falcon on the hunt ... '
'Cat lovers adore this strip! Hollander uses her
strong cast of characters -- a fairy godmother, the
Woman Who Does Everything More Beautifully Than You,
demon dogs and malicious cats -- to discuss social
issues. Sylvia provides advice on everything from
feminism to fashion, making it a hit with female
Better or Worse.
'Since its debut in 1979, "For Better or For Worse"
has touched comic strip readers as few cartoons ever
do. Cartoonist Lynn Johnston's eye for detail and her
uncanny sense of what real parents and children
struggle with daily are a big part of her success. The
world has watched the Patterson family grow up in real
time, and to many readers, the Pattersons feel like
'Some of the earliest decorated armor was produced
during the Celtic Bronze Age in the British Isles,
Scandinavia, and the area of modern-day France,
Germany, and Austria. Especially famous are the
shields found at Battersea and Winchelsea, decorated
with embossed Celtic scrollwork, or the helmets
adorned with embossed geometric patterns and crests.
These crests could take the shape of two horns or of a
flattened triangular profile, sometimes both. Those
decorated with pairs of horns probably date to the
twelfth or eleventh century B.C., and, incidentally,
seem to be the only Scandinavian helmets to be adorned
with horns (there is little evidence to suggest that
Vikings ever used horns as crests). A helmet with a
flattened triple-pointed crest, found recently at
Moosbruckschrofen in Austria, probably dates from the
fourteenth century B.C., and may thus be the earliest
European helmet in existence. However, some of the
more lavishly decorated items, such as shields and
some helmets, were probably not made for warfare but
intended solely as offerings to Celtic deities.'
Buddhist Monastic Life.
'few months after his enlightenment the Buddha founded
an order of monks, and later on nuns. The purpose of
this order was twofold. Its primary purpose was to
provide a community that would give the optimum
opportunity for its members to practice the Dharma and
attain Nirvana. Its secondary purpose was to transmit
the Dharma and be a witness to its transforming power.
'Since the time of the Buddha, monks and nuns have
expanded their role beyond that of the practitioner
and teacher to become, at different times and places,
educators, artists, social workers, scholars,
physicians, and even rulers. In Tibet, a line of monks
called the Dalai Lama's, ruled the country from the
16th to the middle of the 19th century. However
despite these expanded, sometimes even incongruous
roles, there have always been monks who have lived
simple lives, meditating, teaching and gently
influencing the communities around them ... '
Dangerous Liaisons: Fashion and Furniture in the 18th
'Dangerous Liaisons focuses on dress and its aesthetic
interplay with art, furniture, and the broader
decorative arts between 1750 and 1789. Presented in
the dramatic setting of The Wrightsman Galleries, the
Museum's French period rooms, the exhibition explores
the dressed body's spatial negotiation of the
18th-century interior as a choreography of seduction
and erotic play. The coquettish Polonaise dress with
its hem raised to reveal the ankle is juxtaposed with
a side table that transforms into a dressing table
through mechanisms similar to the gown's hidden ties.
The arch of the foot introduced by shoes with a
Louis-style heel is seen with the scrolling legs of
tables and chairs from the period shod in ormolu
sabots. Lavish banyans, the "undress" of 18th-century
rakes, and fans, an accessory that could be wielded
with both decorous and flirtatious intent, are
presented as the favored modes of beguilement of the
18th-century man about town and his femme du monde
Maurice Thorez Internet
'Thorez went to work in the coal mines at the age of
12 and joined the French Socialist Party in 1919, but
soon after, joined the Communist Party, and became the
party's Secretary General during the "third period" in
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1932 and
following the Comintern directive, formed a the
Popular Front with the Socialist Party and the Radical
Socialists and following the 1936 elections Leon Blum
became Prime Minister of a Popular Front government
'Images of England, working in partnership with over
1,500 volunteer photographers, is building a digital
library of photographs of England's 370,000 Listed
Buildings. Text and images will be added to this site
regularly during the project and many thousands are
there for you to view now.'
US Lawmakers Visit the Devastation of Darfur.
'Two Republican members of the U.S. Congress, Sen. Sam
Brownback and Rep. Frank Wolf, travelled to western
Darfur in late June 2004. Upon their return, the
lawmakers released a report detailing their visit to
overhwlemed camps of displaced black African Muslims
under attack by Arab 'Janjaweed'. The report discusses
whether the conflict should be classified as
'genocide', the involvement of the Sudanese government
in the ethnic cleansing, and lack of humanitarian
access to refugees. The lawmakers call for more action
from the United Nations, the African Union, and the
Bush administration to resolve the conflict and
alleviate the misery.'
'The men pictured here are among the few of their
generation at camp Mornay in western Darfur, which
holds 70,000-80,000 people. Estimates of the number
killed during 18 months of fighting from January 2003
and July 2004 range from 10,000 to 30,000. According
to USAID, this number could rapidly rise unles the
Sudanese government allows greater humanitarian access
to the one million internally displaced people in
World. 'The stations listed below are from Matsuo
Basho's travel diary
"The Narrow Road to the Deep North"
(Oku no Hosomichi).
The primary translation is by Nobuyuki Yuasa,
from The Narrow Road to the Deep North and Other
America. 'Tracking the country's oldest beauty
contest -- from its inception in 1921 as a local
seaside pageant to its heyday as one of the country's
most popular events -- Miss America paints a vivid
picture of an institution that has come to reveal much
about a changing nation. The pageant is about
commercialism and sexual politics, about big business
and small towns. But beyond the symbolism lies a human
story -- at once moving, inspiring, infuriating, funny
and poignant. Using intimate interviews with former
contestants, behind-the-scenes footage, and
photographs, the film reveals how the pageant became a
battleground and a barometer for the changing position
of women in society.'
Rushmore. 'High on a granite cliff in South
Dakota's Black Hills tower the huge carved faces of
four American presidents: George Washington, Thomas
Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt.
Together they constitute the world's largest piece of
sculpture.' 'The massive tableau inspires awe,
curiosity and bemusement. How, and when, was it done?
What obstacles were overcome to cut the 60-foot-high
heads out of a wilderness mountain? Who possessed the
audacity -- or lunacy -- to create such a gargantuan
Quiz Show Scandal. 'When CBS premiered "The
$64,000 Question" in 1955, the show was more than a
hit; it was a national phenomenon. More quiz shows
followed. What the audience was to learn, much later,
was that many of these shows were fixed. Slowly,
painfully, the deceit unravelled. A look at the
formative years of television and the scandal's impact
on the TV business and a naive America. '
Foster. 'Stephen Foster was the first great
American songwriter. His melodies are so much a part
of American history and culture that most people think
they're folk tunes. All in all he composed some 200
songs, including "Oh! Susanna" "Jeanie with the Light
Brown Hair," and "Camptown Races." Though he virtually
invented popular music as we recognize it today,
Foster's personal life was tragic and
contradiction-riddled. His marriage was largely
unhappy, he never made much money from his work and he
died at the age of 37 a nearly penniless alcoholic on
the Bowery in New York.'
Sahn's Twelve Gates.
'These kong-ans (Japanese: koan) are among the
principle ones used by Zen Master Seung Sahn and the
other teachers of the Kwan Um School. In terms of Dae
Soen Sa Nim's published teaching, two of them
originally appeared in print in Dropping Ashes on the
Buddha, and the original complete set of ten first
appeared in the appendix "Mind Meal" of his book Only
Don't Know. They are also the subject of his book Ten
Gates. An eleventh gate was added as an epilogue to
Ten Gates and, more recently, a twelfth gate was
de Boulogne: Soldiers
Playing Cards and Dice (The Cheats). Virtual tour
of a great work of art.
'The dupe: a young man is engrossed by his cards,
oblivious to the activity around him. His soft, pink
silk shirt, adorned with lace and ribbons, and fair,
smooth skin give him away—he appears to be wealthy but
also inexperienced. It is getting late. Dark circles
begin to shroud his eyes, the shadow of a beard
circles his mouth, and locks of hair fall over his
forehead ... '
The Loom. A
science blog about evolution, paleontology,
biotechnology, neuroscience, and more.
Thomas Jefferson Papers.
'The complete Thomas Jefferson Papers from the
Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress
consists of approximately 27,000 documents. This is
the largest collection of original Jefferson documents
in the world. Document types in the collection as a
whole include correspondence, commonplace books,
financial account books, and manuscript volumes. The
collection is organized into ten series or groupings,
ranging in date from 1606 to 1827. Correspondence,
memoranda, notes, and drafts of documents make up
two-thirds of the Papers and document Jefferson's
activities as a delegate to the second Continental
Congress; his drafting of the Declaration of
Independence, June-July 1776; his position as governor
of Virginia, 1779-81; his return to Congress as a
representative, 1783-84; and his appointment as
minister plenipotentiary in Europe and then minister
to the Court of Louis XVI, succeeding Benjamin
Franklin, 1784-89. Well documented are his two
administrations as president from 1801 through 1809,
when he engineered the purchase of the Louisiana
territory and maintained American neutrality in the
conflict between France and Great Britain that led to
the War of 1812. Correspondence, drawings, maps, and
notes document the building of Washington, D.C. The
broad range of Jefferson's intellectual and political
interests is represented by his legal and literary
commonplace books, miscellaneous bound volumes of
notes and extracts, and manuscript volumes relating to
seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Virginia history,
some of which were part of the personal library he
sold to Congress in 1815. In its online presentation,
the Thomas Jefferson Papers comprises approximately
'Robert Francis Kennedy
would almost certainly have been president if his
violent death hadn't intervened. He was brave, claims
one biographer, "precisely because he was fearful and
self-doubting." This probing and perceptive biography
reassesses the remarkable and tragic life of the third
Kennedy son, the boy Joe Sr. called the "runt." '
'Featuring extensive interviews with family members,
friends, journalists, Washington insiders, and civil
rights activists, the film chronicles the pivotal role
RFK played in many of the major events of the 1960s --
the Cuban Missile Crisis, the civil rights movement ,
the war in
Vietnam. The film looks closely at Kennedy's
complicated relationships with some of the leading
figures of his day, Martin Luther King and Lyndon B.
Johnson, among them. And it reveals much about his
personal world, his role as family mediator, his
involvement with Marilyn Monroe, and his overwhelming
grief and guilt following the assassination of his
the Gambler: A Navajo Myth, 1889.
'In the cañon of the Chaco, in northern New Mexico,
there are many ruins of ancient pueblos which are
still in a fair state of preservation, in some of them
entire apartments being yet, it is said, intact. One
of the largest of these is called by the Navajos
Kintyèl or Kintyèli, which signifies "Broad-house." It
figures frequently in their legends and is the scene
of a very interesting rite-myth, which I have in my
collection. I have reason to believe that this pueblo
is identical with that seen and described in 1849 by
Lieut. J. H. Simpson, U. S. A.,2 under the name of
Pueblo Chettro Kettle. Although his guide translated
this "Rain Pueblo," it seems more probably a
corruption of the Navajo Tseçqa or Tceçga (English
Chethra) Kintyèl, or "Broad House among the Cliffs,"
-- i.e., in the cañon. This story of Noqoìlpi was not
related to me as a separate tale, but as a part of the
great creation and migration legend of the Navajos.
When the wandering Navajos arrived at Kintyèl, this
great pueblo was in process of building, but was not
finished. The way it came to be built was this ... '
Sylvia Pankhurst Internet Archive.
'Sylvia was a talented artist by training but during
her schooling also became involved in the Women's
Social and Political Union (WSPU), founded by her
mother in 1903, and in which her sister, Christabel,
was also very active. In 1906 she served her first
prison sentence for her political activities--in her
life she would endure several brutal prison sentences
involving hunger strikes and forced feedings. She also
did work for the Labour Party and became and was
closely associated with Kier Hardie, the leader of the
party in the House of Commons. In 1911 her book The
History of the Women's Suffrage Movement was
published. Her writings include 22 books and
pamphlets, and numerous articles including the
launching of four newspapers ... '
'Marxist Humanist, born in the Ukraine in 1910 and
moved with her parents to Chicago in 1920 to escape
famine; expelled from the US Communist Party at age 14
as a Trotskyist; the first to decipher and translate
Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. Raya
was a secretary to Trotsky for a time durng the 1930s,
but she developed a position in opposition to
Trotsky's "statism". She differs sharply also from
"Marxist Humanists" like Fromm and Marcuse and from
Lukacs, since from the beginning Raya took a clear
stand against Stalinism. Raya was also the translator
of Lenin's Philosophical Notebooks, and these notes
were an important part of her political position
throughout her life. In her final years, she developed
criticisms of Lenin over Lenin's theory of the Party.'
- Poet among Saints.
'Saint-Poet Kanakadasa (c 1509-1609 A.D.) belongs to
the tradition of Haridasa literary movement which
ushered in an era of devotional literature in
Karnataka. Scores and scores of Haridasa have composed
songs in praise of Krishna (incarnation of Vishnu).
'Haridasa' stands for 'servant of Hari', is another
epithet of god Krishna. Right from 14th century to
19th, we find several Haridasas who wrote devotional
compositions which could be set to music with simple
instruments like Tanpura, and Tala (cymbals). They
wrote kirtans, bhajans, prayers, lullabies, festival
songs, and house-hold-chore songs. Written in simple
and spoken Kannada, they had universal appeal ... '
Memorial. 'This Web feature focuses on the
powerful memorial created by Saint-Gaudens to honor
one of the first African-American units of the Civil
War. Six sections of in-depth material explore the
artist and his working methods, historical background
on Shaw and the regiment, the memorial and its
conservation, text from the exhibition, and teaching