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25th July

Beyond the Surface: Breast Cancer. 'Will I survive this? Must I take chemo? Will I lose my breast? Is it my fault? I've been so diligent about self exams and mammograms! I don't want to tell anyone. I can't stop talking about it. I hate vomiting. How will everything be taken care of? I'm strong. It won't lick me! I can't remember a thing the doctor said. I'll read everything on the subject. My hair will fall out. Will I die? I'm not ready to die. I'm scared. It doesn't have to be the end. It's just a rough spot in the road. Shall I have reconstruction? Are implants dangerous? There are other types of reconstruction-other surgeries. Maybe I'll just accept the change. First half with; last half without. Just think: no bra. I want to grow old. The environment has become so toxic. No wonder there's so much cancer. Why me? OK. I didn't ask for this, but I can do it. I'll be fine. I'll be fine.'

Rubens and Van Dyck: Paintings and Works on Paper.

North Cumbria Churches. History and images, including Carlisle Cathedral.

European Tapestry Production, 1400-1600 AD. Nice images.
The Bridal Chamber of Herse, Tapestry, ca. 1550.

Ukiyo-e Featuring Sake. From the Otokoyama Sake Museum.

Many Swans: Sun Myth of the North American Indians, Amy Lowell, 1920 '"Many Swans" is based upon a Kathlamet legend, the main theme and many of the episodes of which I have retained, while at the same time augmenting and freely departing from it in order to gain a wider symbolism. Four of the songs in my poem are real Indian songs, one is an adaptation, the others are merely in the Indian idiom. In the interest of atmospheric truth, I have felt at liberty to make occasional use of Indian expressions and turns of thought, and I here wish to record my gratitude to that small body of indefatigable workers in that field of Indian folk-lore and tradition whose careful and exact translations of Indian texts have made them accessible to those who, like myself, have not the Indian tongues. '

A Brilliant Madness: The Story of Nobel Prize Winning Mathematician John Nash. 'A Brilliant Madness is the story of a mathematical genius whose career was cut short by a descent into madness. At the age of 30, John Nash, a stunningly original and famously eccentric MIT mathematician, suddenly began claiming that aliens were communicating with him and that he was a special messenger. Diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, Nash spent the next three decades in and out of mental hospitals, all but forgotten. During that time, a proof he had written at the age of 20 became a foundation of modern economic theory. In 1994, as Nash began to show signs of emerging from his delusions, he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Economics. The program features interviews with John Nash, his wife Alicia, his friends and colleagues, and experts in game theory and mental illness.'

Edison's Miracle of Light. 'In September 1878, when Thomas Edison announced his intention to harness Niagara Falls and produce a safe, electric light system, gas stocks plummeted on Wall Street. It was said that soon, only the rich could afford candles. While "the Wizard of Menlo Park" and his staff would, in time, develop all the components needed for an electrical system -- bulbs, sockets, switches, wires, junction boxes, power meters, voltage regulators -- Edison himself became caught in a web of personal, patent, and corporate battles. In the end, Thomas Edison revolutionized the world, yet lost control of the industry that he founded ... '

George Wallace: Settin' the Woods on Fire. 'Four times governor of Alabama, four times a candidate for president, he was feared as a racist demagogue and admired as a politician who spoke his mind. A lightning rod for controversy, Wallace both reflected and provoked tensions in American society over more than four decades. This film traces the rise of the firebrand politician from his roots in rural Alabama to the assassination attempt that suddenly transformed him. '

Hopping Down in Kent. 'Hops, the ingredient that adds bitterness to beer, have been grown in Kent since the 16th century. In Victorian times it was the biggest industry in the county. Every September the plants were ready to be picked and casual workers from Kent, London, Sussex and East Anglia would come to Kent to work in the hop gardens for 6 weeks. Once the hops were picked, they were dried out in oast houses and sold to the breweries ...'

Masterpieces of 20th Century Chinese Painting. An online gallery is here.

Renaissance Lutes. 'The term lute is used to describe a family of stringed instruments having a resonator body, a long or short neck, and strings positioned parallel to the soundboard. For instance, mandolins, guitars, and bowed instruments, like violins and cellos, would fall under this classification. One hand is used to stop the strings against frets tied to the neck to create different pitches, while the other hand plucks the strings ... '

Painting in Oil in the Low Countries and Its Spread to Southern Europe. Renaissance art.

Selected Papers of Great American Physicists. 'The roll call is impressive, Franklin, Henry, Gibbs, Rowland, Michelson, Millikan, Compton; a signer of the Declaration of Independence and first great American physicist, a founder and second President of the National Academy of Sciences, the first great American theoretical physicist, the first President of The American Physical Society and the first three American Nobel Prize winners in Physics. The selections stop short of the last fifty years since choices involving living people and their deceased colleagues are difficult to make.'

Panama-Pacific International Exposition. 'Take a virtual tour of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition (PPIE) of 1915 with this official map from the fair. Click a location on the map to view a photograph of that site.'
Interactive map.
Part of the San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection - more images here.

The Feral Eye Cartoons. "The one thing that New Zealand and Australia have in common, apart from brave soldiers, sheep, feral possums and Jane Campion movies is a long history of black and white cartoonists who, between them, have taken on the world. Terry Sedgwick is another of them - an amusing, zealous, admonishing cartoonist. More power to his inkpot." - PHILLIP ADAMS ... WRITER, BROADCASTER, FILMMAKER.

Mr. Oblivious. Cartoons and comic strips about a nice little man who is completely oblivious.

22nd July

The Triangle Factory Fire of 1911. 'This site includes selected information on a terrible and unnecessary tragedy involving the death of many young working women in a New York City sweatshop at the beginning of the 20th century and the resulting investigations and reforms. You will find original documents, oral histories, and photographs. You can hear and read first-hand accounts by survivors and others that will provide a glimpse into the lives of workers and a sense of the horrors of a factory fire that claimed the lives of 146 young workers. '

Delacroix. 'Images of all 18 lithographs from Delacroix's Faust series are now available for online viewing, along with the original folio's cover images by Devéria.'

Science Blog. Science news and views.

Evolution of the Buddha Image.

Blue Ridge Blog. 'The life and times of a hillbilly photographer.' Mid Wales History.

Jesuits in the Sciences 1540-1995. 'An exhibit of rare scientific works from the Cudahy Collection of Jesuitica.'

Sketch Blog of the Day.

Archivaria: An Assortment of Interesting Items from the South Carolina State Archives. 'As custodian of South Carolina's permanently valuable government records, the Department of Archives and History holds one of our nation's richest collections of historical documentation. Its records, dating from 1671 to the recent past, document our rights and the stewardship of our democratic form of government and provide a window into more than three centuries of life in South Carolina. These records are the people's treasure.'

Manet's The Railway: An In-Depth Study. 'This Web feature, adapted from the National Gallery's MicroGallery, focuses on Edouard Manet's painting, The Railway. It discusses the creator, whose depictions of modern life greatly influenced other artists and writers of his time, and examines the context of the painting in relation to the rapidly changing city of Paris of the late-nineteenth century. '

Nanzen-ji Zen Temple, Kyoto.

The Architecture of Wales. 'The exhibits are arranged into nine themes some of which accord with building function, namely Domestic Architecture; Public Architecture; Public Utilities; Industrial, Commercial, and Military Architecture; Religious Architecture; Lost Houses; Unfulfilled Conceptions; R.E. Bonsall : Examples from an Aberystwyth Practice; Photographs and Postcards. . '

Architecture in Fine Prints.
Monuments to power - An American portfolio - Some European classics

The Architecture of Donald Singer 1964-99. 'Donald Singer came of age in the early 1960s during an era that imposed revolutionary social and political change on American society. A mandatory aspect of informal 60s education included an automobile trip "on the road" to seek out one's muses. Indeed, while Singer was still a student, he made several expeditions across the country visiting buildings designed by well-known architects, including an obligatory pilgrimage to the West to call on Frank Lloyd Wright and to see the Taliesin studio. He never managed to meet FLW personally but, during that and subsequent cross-country road adventures, he was able to visit many of Wright's residential and commercial buildings. Singer later became an avid collector of FLW printed materials and objects and three items from his collection are included in the exhibit.'
'Even though he was profoundly influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright's ideas and structures, Singer's artistry is all his own. His architectural "style" is quintessentially modern. His buildings reflect the best theories of 20th century modernity and are constructed with distinctive 20th century materials. His edifices are elegant, clean, spare, orderly spaces that are sensitively and economically integrated into their surrounding environments and that are perfectly suited for 20th century living and working.'

California Mission Sketches by Henry Miller, 1856. Gallery here.

Archaeology of the Central Artery Project: Highway to the Past. 'Boston's Big Dig is the largest federally funded highway construction project in the United States. The project includes replacing the elevated Southeast Expressway (I-93) with an underground tunnel and constructing a third tunnel across Boston Harbor to Logan Airport. When completed, the Central Artery will be one of the most modern highway systems in the world, but in the archaeological sense it is a "Highway to the Past."'
'It may seem surprising that archaeology is a component of the "Big Dig." In fact, all federally sponsored construction projects must consider the effects they may have on archaeological sites. The Central Artery passes through several Boston neighborhoods and in a few places significant archaeological sites were in its path. That is how the Central Artery turned out to be a "highway to the past" as well as to the future.'
'In order to preserve the remains of these neighborhoods for future study and enjoyment, archaeologists excavated several significant sites. As archaeologists removed the layers of soil, they revealed more than 7,000 years of Boston's prehistory and history. As you stroll through the gallery you will explore four of Boston's neighborhoods: Charlestown, the North End, South Boston, and the area of Massachusetts Bay. The sites document the daily struggle to provide food, clothing, and shelter for the family, as well as the effort to find a little time for rest and recreation. Whether the excavations evoke images of Native Americans spending a fall afternoon on Spectacle Island, a Puritan learning to bowl, or a glass blower toiling in front of a hot furnace, each story provides a fascinating glimpse into the past. Through archaeology these unwritten stories come to life.'

21st July

Virtual Iceland Field Trips. 'Interactive geological map of Iceland showing 7 areas for which virtual field trips can be viewed. Choose, for example, according to the geology or age of the country to see the variation in landscape. '

Lakshmi and Saraswati: Tales in Mythology and Art.

Wales History: Building a Nation. 'Follow the course of Welsh history from the Romans to Rhodri Morgan, written by historian Dr John Davies. '

The Hive. A great art and culture blog.

Palindromes. Lots of them.

Introduction to Reading Music.

Biblical Scholarship and the Catholic University of America. 'Since the founding of The Catholic University of America (CUA) the study of Scripture has been one of its foremost disciplines. Throughout its history CUA has worked alongside other organizations, like the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine and the Catholic Biblical Association to create a uniquely Catholic scholarly community. This online exhibit draws on the materials housed in the American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives to document the history of Biblical studies in America. '

Sellout Central. Weblog about music industry news and opinion.

Investigating Bellini's Feast of the Gods. 'Around 1512, the Duke of Ferrara commissioned Giovanni Bellini to paint this masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance, which now hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. Dosso Dossi subsequently decorated a gallery for the Duke, and, in 1522, painted over half of Bellini's canvas. Seven years later, Titian repainted the Feast of the Gods again. What did the earlier versions look like? How much of each artist's work do we see today? What motivated these unprecedented changes? '
'For centuries these questions remained unanswered. In the last Fifty years, technical innovations in conservation science have enabled specialists at the National Gallery to obtain X-ray, infrared and cross- section data. This information has proved crucial in dispelling the mystery surrounding this painting.'

Caxton's Chaucer: View the Original Canterbury Tales. 'On this site you will find William Caxton's two editions of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, probably printed in 1476 and 1483. The originals are both in the British Library.'
The texts.

Legends and Popular Tales of the Basque People, by Mariana Monteiro, 1887. Illustrated.
'In placing before the reader this collection of Basque legends, fairy tales, ballads, and popular stories having their origin in the ancient traditions which formed a portion of the sacred inheritance bequeathed to the Basque people by their forefathers, and handed down by word of mouth from generation to generation; I have thought that a few remarks would not be out of place concerning the moral and historical importance which these legends and tales possess, as being the reflection of the ideas and faithful echo of the sentiments of past generations.'
'If at one time these legends were viewed with contempt by superficial minds that could not perceive behind the simplicity of their form the great lessons which they inculcated, and the lofty sentiments they enclosed, these very tales and legends are in our day becoming the objects of the attention and study of deep thinkers who, by the meagre light which these tales alone afford them, are able to penetrate the shadows left by those ancient societies that have disappeared from the face of the globe, carrying along with them the secrets of their ideas, civilization, and life, because these traditions constitute the archives of the people, the treasures of their science and of their beliefs; they are the records of the lives of their forefathers, the landmarks of the grandeur of their past history ... '

Mandala Sand Painting. 'For five days Tibetan Lamas of the Drepung Loseling Monastery painstakingly creating a Mandala Sand Painting at Berea.' Photos from each day.
What is a mandala?

Appalachia Through the Eyes of Doris Ulmann: A Photograph Exhibit. 'Doris Ulmann is perhaps the best known photographer to capture Appalachia on film. '

The Appalachian Garden. A virtual tour.
'Gardens were a part of every Appalachian homeplace, supplying fresh vegetables in the spring and summer and canned and dried vegetables in winter.'
'Seeds were saved from one planting season to the next, and often passed down through many generations. This practice has remained alive in southern Appalachia, preserving countless old-fashioned "heritage" seeds. Several of the plants growing in the museum's garden are descendants of seeds passed down by different families in the region and are noted on the plant labels located throughout the garden.'

Berea Stories. History of Berea College in Kentucky through a campus map, artifacts, photographs.
Time Pieces. 'Let us take you on a journey through an interwoven history of Berea College, the town of Berea, the Appalachian region, the United States, and the world. As you explore each thread, keep in mind that these events are all connected to each other. '

The Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada. 'The Anti-Slavery Society of Canada was the last of several short-lived anti-slavery societies in Canada. These societies were part of an international abolitionist movement supported by leading moral thinkers of the day in Britain, Europe and the United States. This 1851 Society was founded by the Honourable George Brown, later a Father of Confederation, his family and associates on February 26, 1851 in Toronto. The Reverend Dr. Michael Willis, Principal of Knox College and Senator of the University of Toronto, who was President of the Society, opened the proceedings. The anti-slavery speeches, commentaries and announcements were published in George Brown's newspaper The Globe.'
'The focus of the Society's attention was the United States since in Canada slavery had been in decline from 1793 and was formally abolished in 1834. In 1793, under the leadership of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe, a bill had been passed by the Legislature of Upper Canada making it illegal to bring a person into the colony to be enslaved. Slavery formally ended in Canada in 1834 after the British Parliament passed an act abolishing the institution throughout the Empire. When the Anti-Slavery Society was founded in 1851, slavery was still being practised in the southern United States. '
'The strength of the Anti- Slavery Society of Canada can be attributed to the fact that it brought together leading abolitionists, both Black and White, from churches including the Congregationalist and Free Presbyterian, as well as from the business, professional and political elite. The anti-slavery movement included representatives from the "Underground Railroad" refugee community, American intellectuals and orators such as Frederick Douglass and Reverend Bishop Jermain Logeum, and others who were agents of the Society. '

20th July

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. 'Soviet history, like few others, has a beginning and an end. Born in a surge of optimism on October 25, 1917, and dissolving in chaos on December 8, 1991, the Soviet experiment gave the world vivid examples of collective endeavor and civic self-destruction. The Bolsheviks seized power in a crumbling empire, split by deep class divisions and ruined by years of war. They empowered the lower classes to govern, integrated ethnic minorities into state power, gave women rights unknown in other countries, and offered universal education and opportunities for self-improvement. These same Bolsheviks and their successors were also responsible for some of the bloodiest state crimes the world has known. They imprisoned political opponents and dissident thinkers, instigated purges and a terror in which millions perished, and exiled entire ethnic groups. Ultimately, the economic machine created by the Bolsheviks, which had allowed the country to grow rapidly into an industrial giant, led to the impoverishment of the Soviet people ... '

Birds! 'A selection of images from the birds! exhibition, National Library of Australia. '

Feminine Tao, the Tea Ceremony and Crone Taoism.

Ephemera: Photos by Derek Powazek. Photo-blog, mostly San Francisco.

Birket Foster, Victorian Illustrator. Galleries here.

Poets, Lovers and Heroes in Italian Mythological Prints. Gallery here.

Birth of the US Navy. Online exhibit.

The Pubs of Kent. 'We're very proud of our pubs in Kent but many of them have disappeared, been the subject of horrible renaming exercises or been "tarted up" for the tourist trade. Is it an improvement or not? In the majority of cases, I think not but perhaps you can be the judge as I add pages to this section of the site. '

Hendrick Goltzius. 'Hendrick Goltzius (1558–1617), engraver, print publisher, draftsman, and painter, was one of the outstanding figures in Dutch art during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Goltzius was internationally acclaimed in his day; his enthusiastic patrons included sovereigns from all parts of Europe, most notably the art-loving Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II. One of the most important engravers and print publishers of his time, he is most widely known today for the Mannerist engravings that he and his workshop produced during the period between 1585 and 1589. This work represents, however, only a fraction of his entire oeuvre, which includes some 500 drawings and about 50 paintings, in addition to some 160 individual prints and series of prints that he and his workshop produced.'

Collecting for the Kunstkammer. '"It had embossed on its surface the entire history of the world and mankind. Its wondrousness derived from the cumulative effect of diverse subjects and details and from the bringing together in one space apparently dissimilar things." Thus Homer describes the shield of Achilles, the legendary Greek hero of the Trojan War. The mystical object could have been the keynote piece of a Kunst- und Wunderkammer of the sixteenth century. However, its description also summarizes the theoretical concept of such rooms of art (Kunst) and marvels (Wunder): the Kunstkammer displayed an encyclopedic collection of all kinds of objects of dissimilar origin and diverse materials on a universal scale.'

The Museum Meiji-Mura. 'Meiji-mura (Meiji Village) was opened on March 18, 1965, as an open-air museum for preserving and exhibiting Japanese architecture of the Meiji period (1868-1912). ' Interactive map here.

Marcus Martenson. Outsider artist.

Hawaii's Last Queen. 'On January 16, 1893, four boatloads of United States Marines armed with Gatling guns and hundreds of rounds of ammunition came ashore in Honolulu, capital of the independent Kingdom of Hawaii. As the Royal Hawaiian band played a concert at the Hawaiian Hotel, 162 troops marched through the streets of Honolulu, heading for the palace. The Queen of Hawaii, Lili'uokalani, looked down from her balcony as the troops took up their positions. '
The following day, she surrendered at gunpoint, yielding her throne to the government of the United States. A provisional government led by wealthy white sugar growers assumed control of Hawaii and petitioned the US for annexation. '
'Born in 1838, Lili'uokalani was trained by missionaries in Western academic disciplines and the ways of polite American society. She was well-travelled and even attended Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee in 1887. Yet she never forgot her native language, was fiercely proud of Hawaiian traditions and was always loyal to her people. A talented composer, Lili'uokalani wrote more than 165 songs, including "Aloha Oe," probably the most widely recognized Hawaiian song...'

Alone on the Ice. 'In an age of heroes, Richard Byrd was one of America's greatest. He was an aviation pioneer, the first credited to fly an airplane over the North Pole, then first over the South Pole. In 1934 he became the first to experience winter in the interior of Antarctica. '
Special feature.

America 1900. 'America 1900 presents a comprehensive picture of what life was like in the United States at the turn of the century. Both the program and the Web site offer compelling images, information, and documents about American life. Students will be able to grasp historical concepts and issues through the stories of ordinary people across the country. Diverse voices and faces will help expand students' knowledge and understanding of the time period and how it relates to our lives today. The program also explores key themes such as the impact of technology, the rise of racism, immigration and the search for a national identity, and the rise of America as a world power. '

19th July

The Biomedical Image Awards. Courtesy of the Wellcome Trust. Gallery here.

35 Degrees of Japan. '35 degrees is a snapshot of our life in Japan. This is one weird and magical place. '

Eye-imagine. Truths and fictions in photography.

Bigamy, Theft and Murder. The Extraordinary Tale of Frederick Bailey Deeming. 'Albert Williams and his wife Emily arrived in Melbourne aboard the Kaiser Wilhelm II on 15 December, 1891. Two days later, Williams rented a house in Andrew St, Windsor. He also purchased cement, tools and a pan from an ironmonger in High St. A carrier was hired to take the Williams' possessions from a hotel in the city to their new home. While Williams travelled with his canary on the cart, he insisted that Emily make her own way to Windsor by train or tram. '
'Emily was last seen alive by a passerby, Louisa Atkinson, who heard a couple arguing as she walked past the house on Christmas Eve. As she stopped to listen, Emily came out of the side door and paced up and down the path. Louisa Atkinson advised her to leave the place for a while, but Emily smiled and assured the stranger that it would be alright. Emily's murder was estimated to have occurred on Christmas Day ... '

Big Little Books. 'The selection of 136 Big Little Books (BLBs) on exhibition in the galleries of the Bienes Center for the Literary Arts is part of a larger collection of approximately 425 titles donated to Broward County Libraries Division in 1986 by Mr. Duane H. Siers of Deerfield Beach, Florida. The exhibit features only the 136 titles in the Siers collection that were published by the Whitman Publishing Company (Racine, Wisconsin) during its "Golden Age," 1932-1938. '
'Big Little Book® was the collective (i.e, series) title given to the volumes Whitman published: the name promised "the buyer a great amount of reading material and pleasure (BIG) within a small and compact (LITTLE) book", i.e., approximately 5" (height) x 3" (width) x 1½" (depth). Children were enthralled by the "comic book" nature of the publications since each book generally had a text page and an accompanying facing illustration. Individual titles were commonly published in editions of hundreds of thousands and were sold inexpensively in stores throughout the nation to an anxiously awaiting audience of young readers. '

The Guatemala Human Rights Commission. 'The Guatemala Human Rights Commission/USA is a non-profit, humanitarian organization founded in 1982 to monitor, document and report on the human rights situation in Guatemala. GHRC/USA also promotes advocacy for and aid to victims of human rights violations in Guatemala. '

Spencer Tunick. Photographer; not safe for work.
'After more than a year traveling thorugh all seven continents, Spencer Tunick's return announces the completion of The Nude Adrift Portfolio. '

Bill Belknap: Photographer. Western Americana.

Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana. 'Iwhich Your Humble Correspondent endeavours, with what he hopes is at least Partial Success, to list some of the Notable and Obscure Characters and Places of popular Victorian Fiction, that these might or might not be Suitable for Inclusion at some point in the Fanciful Chronicles of that noted Scrivener and author of Penny Dreadfuls Alan Moore (capably aided by the Thomas Nash of the Twentieth Century, Kevin O'Neill) in his Creations Peculiar And Edifying: to wit, the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen ... '

Summary of Homer's Iliad.

A Tale for All Ages: The Odyssey. 'The epic of the Odyssey, one of the first Greek myths, has influenced Western culture and literature for more than 2,700 years. In the 4th Century BC, Aristotle summarized the journey of Odysseus as:
"A certain man has been abroad many years; he is alone, and the god Poseidon keeps a hostile eye on him. At home the situation is that suitors for his wife's hand are draining his resources and plotting to kill his son. Then, after suffering storm and shipwreck, he comes home, makes himself known, attacks the suitors: he survives and they are destroyed."
That was the short version.'

The Conner Prairie Rural History Project. Oral histories and photographs on rural history in the American Midwest.

Scottsboro: An American Tragedy. 'In 1931, two white women stepped from a box car in Paint Rock, Alabama to make a shocking accusation: they had been raped by nine black teenagers on the train. So began one of the most significant legal fights of the twentieth century. The trial of the nine falsely accused teens would draw North and South into their sharpest conflict since the Civil War, yield two momentous Supreme Court decisions and give birth to the Civil Rights Movement. In addition to its historical significance, the Scottsboro story is a riveting drama about the struggles of nine innocent young men for their lives and a cautionary tale about using human beings as fodder for political causes.'

Fractal Popcorn.

The Invisible Library ' is a collection of books that only appear in other books. Within the library's catalog you will find imaginary books, pseudobiblia, artifictions, fabled tomes, libris phantastica, and all manner of books unwritten, unread, unpublished, and unfound.'

17th July

The Development of the Recorder. 'The profile of the modern recorder, in three sections so familiar to grade-school children, emerged in the second half of the seventeenth century, but the recorder's history begins at least two or three centuries earlier. The two earliest extant recorders, both small, plain wooden instruments, date from the fourteenth century, and archival and pictorial evidence survives from the same period ... '

Puppenhaus Museum, Basel, Switzerland. Teddy bears, dolls, etc.

Pictures of England. 'Welcome to Pictures Of - a unique website exploring the most beautiful towns, villages and countryside of England with countless photographs of the most beautiful and historically interesting places in England to visit. '

Sakya Monastery of Tibetan Buddhism.

Zuni Sacred Texts. 'The Zuñi are a Southwest American Indian nation. Their spiritual beliefs center around elaborate ceremonies for fertility and rain, comprised of a yearly cycle of ritual dances by masked dancing gods called Kachinas. This section provides detailed ethographic descriptions of Zuñi spiritual beliefs, which permeate every aspect of their culture. '

Here Come the Olympics. Cartoons.

Office of the Clerk: US House of Representatives. 'The Office of the Clerk welcomes you to the online Information Center. At this site, you can obtain copies of House documents, including public disclosure forms, made available by the Clerk as part of his official duties. You can also find historical information about the House of Representatives and information about its Members and Committees. '

The Accidental Centaurs. Web comic.
'Alex and Samantha were scientists, attempting to develop a matter transportation system. However, one day a highly energetic component of their prototype exploded, opening a gate between Earth and a strange, otherworldly dimension, which Alex came to call "otherSpace", where the rules that we take for granted do not apply.'
'For starters, they found themselves transformed from human beings into creatures that resembled the centaurs of classical Greek mythology. There were other changes, too, which they'll find out along thee way.'

'Secret film shows Iraq prisoners sodomised'. 'Young male prisoners were filmed being sodomised by American soldiers at the Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad, according to the journalist who first revealed the abuses there.'
'Seymour Hersh, who reported on the torture of the prisoners in New Yorker magazine in May, told an audience in San Francisco that "it's worse". But he added that he would reveal the extent of the abuses: "I'm not done reporting on all this," he told a meeting of the American Civil Liberties Union. '

The Story of the Champions of the Round Table. Written and illustrated by Howard Pyle, 1905.

Tomizo Kitamura. 'This page is devoted to Tomizo Kitamura, my grandfather who ended his career as an artist 40 years ago without being widely known to the public.'

Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism Online.

The History of Der Sturmer. 'Der Stürmer is the most infamous newspaper in history. For twenty-two years every issue denounced Jews in crude, vicious, and vivid ways. Although Streicher employed a large staff by the end of the 1930s, he always had the final say, "Streicher and the Stürmer, they are one and the same," he would say proudly.'
'In its early years there was little to suggest the paper's future notoriety. Streicher began it during his first major battle for control of Nuremberg Nazism in 1923. Anti-Streicher forces had held an "Evening of Revelations" on April 14, 1923, at which Streicher was charged with being a liar and a coward, of having unsavory friends, of mistreating his wife, and of flirting with women, the kinds of accusations that would follow him throughout his career. Streicher's response was to begin a newspaper. Later he described how he chose the name Stürmer. Wandering through the woods on a fine spring day he thought about what to call his paper. While resting under . a fir tree, inspiration struck. He jumped up and shouted, "I have it! Since the paper will storm the red fortress. it shall be called the Stürmer." (1) The story is most likely an afterthought, but the title he chose was typically Nazi. Other party organs had names like Der Angriff (The Attack) and Die Flamme (The Flame), names suggesting action and forcefulness ... '

Starbucks Everywhere. 'Boy, if I had a cup of coffee for every time I've been asked to explain my obsession fascination with Starbucks. But I'm not obsessed with Starbucks, mind you. I'm an "enthusiast". My name is Winter, and this site is dedicated to my project to visit every Starbucks in the world, simply to be different.'

Snow Crystals. 'This site is all about snow crystals and snowflakes -- what they are, where they come from, and just how these remarkably complex and beautiful structures are created, quite literally, out of thin air. '

Name That Beer Bottle. 'Can you match all the beer bottles with the correct labels? Take your best shot and when you think you've got them or you're ready to throw in the (bar) towel, the buttons at the bottom will show you how you did.'

Beer Advocate. ' is a movement within the beer industry. An independent community of beer enthusiasts founded and hosted by The Alström Brothers, Jason and Todd, in 1996 (Boston, MA). Our site is not only used by beer enthusiasts, but has become an essential resource throughout the beer industry; from breweries, brewpubs, retail stores, bars, restaurants and every other business involved with beer. As such, has become the #1 beer resource on the Web, the most recognized, and the most active and passionate beer community in the known universe. '

16th July

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford, Ireland. History and images.

Art for the Christian Liturgy in the Middle Ages. 'The term liturgy refers to the rites and ceremonies prescribed by the Eastern and Western Church for communal worship. The central focus of the liturgy is the Eucharist, in which Christians take consecrated wine and bread in commemoration of the Last Supper and Christ's death. While liturgical practices were codified gradually over several centuries and varied locally, eucharistic vessels for the bread and wine, the paten, and the chalice remained indispensable ...'

Bruegel the Elder. 'Pieter Bruegel I (ca. 1525/30–1569), commonly known as Pieter Bruegel the Elder, was the greatest member of a large and important southern Netherlandish family of artists active for four generations in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. A longtime resident of Antwerp, the center of publishing in the Netherlands and a vibrant commercial capital, Bruegel brought a humanizing spirit to traditional subjects and boldly created new ones.'

Commentaries on Zen Koans. 'A monk asked Chao-chou, "Has the dog Buddha nature or not?" Chao-chou said, "Mu." '

John Brown's Holy War. 'Martyr, madman, murderer, hero: John Brown remains one of history's most controversial and misunderstood figures. In the 1850s, he and his ragtag guerrilla group embarked on a righteous crusade against slavery that was based on religious faith -- yet carried out with shocking violence. His execution set off a chain of events that led to the Civil War. '

Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind. 'He was both a visionary and a manipulator, a brilliant orator and a pompous autocrat. In just ten years following his emigration to the United States as a laborer in 1917, Marcus Garvey rose to lead the largest black organization in history, was taken to prison in handcuffs, and was eventually deported. Marcus Garvey is the dramatic story of the rise and fall of an African American leader who influenced politics and culture around the world.'

Partners of the Heart. '1944, two men at Johns Hopkins University Hospital pioneered a groundbreaking procedure that would save thousands of so-called blue babies' lives. One of them, Alfred Blalock, was a prominent white surgeon. The other, Vivien Thomas, was an African American with a high school education. Partners of the Heart tells the inspiring, little-known story of their collaboration. Blalock recognized Thomas' talents when the younger man came inquiring after a hospital janitor's job. But though Blalock came to treat Thomas with tremendous respect in the lab, the two men were rarely treated as equals in the outside world. Over time, Thomas would go on to train two generations of the country's premier heart surgeons. In 1976, more than three decades after the first blue baby's life had been saved, Johns Hopkins finally formally recognized Thomas' extraordinary achievements, awarding him an honorary doctorate.'

San Diego Zoo. Heaps to see here - check out webcams, postcards and more.

The Holocaust in Greece.

Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto. (skip intro)

Kuniyoshi's Heroes of the Taiheki. 'Kuniyoshi (1797-1861) is ukiyo- e's greatest master of historical and samurai prints. Unlike other artists of his time, his ravenous imagination was drawn to Japan's legendary past. However the full scope of his work reveals an aesthetic sensibility capable of assimilating almost any experience. No doubt his particular genius felt most at home in the world of martial glory where epic battles decided the fate of empires and fierce warriors clashed to the death. Kuniyoshi was at his height during the period of about 1840 to 1850 when he published one of his most popular series Samurai Heroes of the Taiheiki ... '

The East London History Society. 'This is the home page of the East London History Society. Please click on the links, to the left, to find out more about us, our publications and programme of talks. You can take a virtual tour (London Hospital, Bow Road/Mile End Road, Victoria Park) or view a picture gallery of postcards (Comic, Greetings or East End Markets).'

In Passing... 'This page is a collection of the random things I see and overhear on a daily basis.' Clockworks: From Sundials to the Atomic Second.

Anthropology at Berkeley 1901-2001. 'Anthropology at Berkeley: A Century of Pathbreaking Scholarship is an account of Berkeley anthropology through its record of scholarly contributions based on fieldwork around the world. Faculty publications (in many cases award- winning titles) collectively underscore Berkeley's strength and account for the department's longstanding ranking as one of the top anthropology departments in America. Founded in September 1901 as the first department of anthropology in the western United States, U.C. Berkeley developed a particular style characterized by innovation and diversity ... '

History of Race in Science.