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31st July


Homage to Nature: Landscape Kimonos of Itchiku Kubota.

Bloodletting. Medical history.

Sherlock Holmes. 'Predecessors, contemporaries, and near contemporaries of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle set the stage for the entrance of Sherlock Holmes. Though Conan Doyle's work represents a turning point in the history of detective fiction, Edgar Allan Poe and Emile Gaboriau had preceded him in establishing the genre, with "tales of ratiocination" and the roman policier. Wilkie Collins and Fergus Hume were also supplying mystery novels to the public as an increasingly literate middle class fueled the demand for entertaining popular literature ... '

Bloomsburg State Teachers College in 1959. Clickable map.

1919 War Hero Memorial Pinery. 'In 1919 the Bloomsburg State Normal School decided to remember its former students who died serving their country in the First World War. They felt so strongly about this they created a living memorial to these individuals. It consisted of white pine trees, each one representing one of the students. On Memorial Day, May 30, 1919, the Dedication Ceremony was held ... '

The Faces of Breast Cancer. Gallery here.

Nancy Oster. Just a great personal page, dating back a few years! Check out apple pie.

Idiom-Magic. 'One of the problems about learning English is that the sort of thing you find in textbooks or in class is usually "correct usage," whereas in real life you may think you know English -- but then you turn on your television set, read a newspaper or hear people talking and discover you only understand half of what's going on. The reason may be that you are reading and hearing idioms -- those colourful ways we have of expressing ourselves using words or groups of words that very often make no logical sense! The solution? Idioms have to be learned, one by one...and Idiom-Magic is the fun way to do it!'

The Starry Messenger. The history of astronomy from Hipparchus to Kepler.

The Online Newton Project. 'The books represented are Newton's great Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, his treatise on Opticks, the Arithmetica Universalis, containing the lectures in mathematics he gave in Cambridge, as well as Analysis per quantitatum series, fluxiones, ac differentias, etc. which contains some of Newton's earliest mathematical discoveries as they relate to his invention of the the calculus.'

Hidden in Plain Sight: Musical Treasures in the Penn Library. Musical manuscripts and musical history.

The Janakpur Women's Development Centre. The people's art of Nepal.
'The paintings are rooted in traditions which Maithil women have passed down through generations. On the occasion of marriage or for festivals such as Deepawali, Maithil women paint lively designs on the mud walls of their houses. During Deepawali, in order to attract Laxmi the goddess of wealth, they paint designs of elephants and peacocks which symbolize prosperity, as well as images of tigers, birds, and other animals. In monsoon season the paintings fade or wash away ... '

Ardent Spirits: The Origins of the American Temperance Movement. 'The temperance movement was the longest-lasting and most broad-based social reform movement in the United States. It was also, in many ways, successful: by the late 19th century, in the decades before Prohibition, the drinking habits of Americans were radically changed. Activism in the movement crossed gender, race, class, religion, and age barriers, and was connected to both the antislavery and woman suffrage reforms. This exhibition traces the temperance movement's development from moral persuasion to legal coercion, from Dr. Benjamin Rush's moral thermometer in the late 18th century to the formation of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union in the late 19th ... '

Archives of the Agricultural Experience. Manitoba rural history.

A Centennial Commemoration of the 1895 Rotunda Fire. University of Virginia online exhibit.

Arizona's Capitol: A Century of Change 1901-2001. 'Dedicated as our capitol in 1901, the copper-domed building has witnessed many landmarks in Arizona history. Our state constitution was composed here in 1910 and it became our State Capitol in 1912 with Arizona's admission to the union. Social changes in the state, such as a commitment to fiscal conservatism and rapid population growth after World War II are reflected in the very construction of the Capitol building and its additions. The governor's office, both houses of the legislature, and the Arizona Supreme Court all occupied the building together at one time. The historic Capitol building, now the Arizona Capitol Museum, continues to watch our state's political story unfold with its central position between the governor's office and the state legislature. It remains the primary symbol of democracy in Arizona ... '
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29th July


Close to Perfection. 'Kjell Sandved's personal revelation came more than 25 years ago, while he was working as a volunteer for the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. "I noticed this old Cuban cigar box, with a butterfly inside. On its wing was a perfect letter 'F', literally woven into the texture. The proverbial light bulb went off in my head: If one letter appeared in nature, perhaps they all did! And I would be the first to find them."'
'Sandved soon became a staff photographer for the Smithsonian. His personal specialty was photographing some of nature's tiniest creations -- designs "painted" in the microscopic cells of a butterfly's wing. "I always photograph live butterflies, because museum specimens lose scales and fade."'
'His quest for a "natural alphabet" took Sandved through the United States, and tropical rainforests and islands around the world. During 24 years of searching, he found several sets of letters from A to Z, and numbers from 1 to 9. As he examines butterflies, moths, and wild plants, Sandved also discovers "many remarkable patterns, which look like faces, eyes, animals, and human figures. I never know what I'm going to see." '

The Kremlin Tour. 'The beautiful and ancient ensemble of the Moscow's Kremlin stands high on the hill towering over the left bank of Moskva- River. The Kremlin has always been perceived as a symbol of power and mighty of the Russian state, the national idea expressed in stone. Each era in the history of Russia left its significant architectural trace in the Kremlin ... '

Jonas Hallgrimsson. Icelandic poet. 'This Web site is intended to make available, through interactive technology, a wide range of materials that will enable interested persons to familiarize themselves with the work of the Icelandic poet and natural scientist Jónas Hallgrímsson (1807-1845) and to have at their fingertips resources contributing to an understanding and appreciation of that work. Jónas is generally acknowledged to be the most important and influential Icelandic poet of modern times. In addition he has a secure place in the annals of Icelandic science and of his country's cultural and political history.'
The Jonas Tour. An interactive map of Iceland - places and poems. 'This map provides direct links to a number of poems by Jónas Hallgrímsson that are intimately connected with particular Icelandic locales.'

Nicolas Poussin. Online gallery of his paintings.

Modern Japanese Calligraphy Inspired by Buddhism and Zen.

American Pie. Visionary self-taught folk art.

Barbara Archer Gallery. 'The Barbara Archer Gallery offers the very best of self-taught and contemporary art. We specialize in work by long-recognized masters in the field and innovative new works by a select group of emerging artists. Established in 1995 by former museum curator and educator Barbara Archer, there are two gallery locations - Atlanta and Savannah. The Atlanta gallery, in the Zonolite warehouse district, near Virginia Highlands, offers special exhibitions in addition to representing more than 40 gallery artists on a continuing basis. This means that you can always find works by your favorite artists, regardless of the show currently on view. Barbara Archer Gallery Savannah, in a charming brownstone near Forsyth Park, is open by appointment and spotlights Savannah self-taught artists as well as highlights from the Atlanta gallery.'
Exhibitions.

The Attic Gallery, Vicksburg, Mississippi. Self-taught and outsider art.

The Diary of John Evelyn. A fascinating record.
More on John Evelyn, the seventeenth century English gardener, correspondent of Samuel Pepys, and diarist.

A Restaurant Timeline. Interesting article - check out the site's other articles on the subject of restaurant culture.
'There is an age-old hospitality industry in western culture. After all, as long as people have had to travel so far from home that they couldn't sleep in their own beds or eat at their own tables, there have been entrepreneurs making a living by providing bed and board in exchange for money. The idea of the whole family leaving the home to eat a meal in a public place just for fun, or even for convenience, is much newer, though. (As with many other things -- the moveable type printing press and gunpowder among them -- the concept appears to have existed in the East for centuries before it arrived in Europe.) The following timeline features just a few high points in the story of the restaurant, which has taken on so many forms and become so much a part of daily life. '

Sights of Russia. Photographs.

Introduction to Tibetan Orthography. 'I'm no script virgin. I'm an armchair linguist who knows the Japanese and Korean scripts well, and has a nodding acquaintance with many others. I'm no longer shocked by letters and pieces thereof magically disappearing or changing shape or engaging in shameful public acts with each other. I've come to expect baroque and archaic rules and long lists of exceptions. But Tibetan's pure, shameless, in-your-face weirdness still managed to shock me.'

The Great Toronto Fire of 1904. "The weather in Toronto on the evening of 19 April, 1904, was cold and blustery. The air temperature was below freezing (24° F) and snow flurries were occurring accompanied by strong winds from the northwest at 30mph. All was quiet in the heart of Toronto's mercantile area. Few people were on the streets as almost all the buildings in the area had been closed since 6 p.m. At 8:04 p.m., a police constable patrolling his beat in the area saw flames shooting skyward from the elevator shaft of the Currie Building, 58 Wellington St. and immediately turned in an alarm. Before the resulting conflagration was extinguished, it would destroy approximately 100 buildings, causing a property loss of $10,350,000."

M.O. Hammond: Photographer. 'Many of the early 20th century amateur photographers were true innovators of their craft. Their dedication to photography and interest in exploring its stylistic and technical aspects helped further the acceptance of photography as an important artistic and documentary medium.'
'M. O. Hammond [1876-1934] was one of a group of dedicated amateur photographers active in Toronto in the early 1900s. By profession, Hammond was a journalist who enjoyed a career at the Toronto Globe that lasted nearly 40 years ... '

The War of 1812. Online exhibit from the Archives of Ontario.
'The late 18th and early 19th century was an era of conflict. The war between Great Britain and France raged between 1793 and 1815 with few interruptions. As a part of the British Empire, Upper Canada was unable to escape this broader conflict and when, on June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Britain, Canada was brought to the front line of what had become a world war.'
'Just like armed conflict in any part of the world, the War of 1812 had a significant effect on the local population. This exhibit focuses on the impact of the War on those living in Upper Canada at the time of the conflict and on later generations who sought ways to remember it. It documents how the war was fought both within the province and in locations beyond its borders, and it examines the War's later image in the popular imagination ... '

The Archives of Ontario Remembers Ontario's Sporting Past. 'Join with the Archives of Ontario and remember our athletic heritage, including our own individual moments of triumph and defeat in amateur sports, those leading moments and personalities in Ontario sports history, and the citizenship of those businesses that supported and promoted sports and fitness for Ontario and Ontarians.'
'The photographs and other items presented here are but a small sample of the history of sports in Ontario. All these and more can be viewed by visiting the Archives of Ontario, which is located at 77 Grenville Street, Toronto.'
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28th July


Tragic Love Stories.

Blood, Sweat and Saline: Combat Medicine in the Korean Conflict.

India, the Living Arts.

The Candle of Vision. 'This book by Irish author, poet, painter and mystic George William Russell, is a set of transcendent essays on Celtic mysticism. Known by his pen name AE (which is short for Aeon), Russell was friends with many other figures of the Celtic renaissance of the early 20th century, including Y.B. Yeats, and James Stephens. '

Blacks in Galesburg. 'The history of Galesburg, Illinois, which begins in 1837, includes the history of black Americans. The town was settled by earnest abolitionists from the "burned-over district" in New York state. Anti-slavery sentiment was an important part of the philosophy of Knox College, around which the town was founded. And indeed the year after the settlers arrived, the first anti-slavery society in the state was formed here ... '

Blacksburg's Bicentennial 1798-1998. Blacksburg, Virginia history.

Blondie Gets Married! 'Everyone knows Blondie. More than 2,000 newspapers publish the comic strip in fifty-five countries and thirty-five languages. The "Dagwood Sandwich" has made its way into Webster's New World Dictionary. Blondie Gets Married presents twenty-seven drawings, classic examples of Chic Young's much-loved creative wit, selected from the gift of 150 works by Jeanne Young O'Neil, the artist's daughter. '

Giordano Bruno. 'Giordano Bruno, 1548-1600, was persecuted by the Church for his heretical views, most notably his belief that there are countless inhabited worlds around distant stars. Bruno also advocated the Copernican system. Unlike Galileo, who grudgingly recanted his views, Bruno ended up being burned at the stake.'

Baroque Rome. 'In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in all the arts. Baroque architects, artists, and urban planners so magnified and invigorated the classical and ecclesiastical traditions of the city that it became for centuries after the acknowledged capital of the European art world, not only a focus for tourists and artists but also a watershed of inspiration throughout the Western world.' Image gallery.

Wharram Percy: The Lost Medieval Village. 'Wharram Percy, located in Yorkshire, has been occupied by humans since the Iron Age. Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, Normans -- all have lived out their lives in this high-wold village. As an archeological site, it was one of the most important peasant digs in England.'
'Here you will see St. Martin's parish church, peasant house sites, and the Norman manor house.'

Folk Painting from India. ' Perhaps the best known genre of Indian folk paintings are the Mithila (also called Madhubani) paintings from the Mithila region of Bihar state. For centuries the women of Mithila have decorated the walls of their houses with intricate, linear designs on the occasion of marriages and other ceremonies, Painting is a key part of the education of Mithila women, culminating in the painting of the walls of the kohbar, or nuptial chamber on the occasion of a wedding. The kohbar ghar paintings are based on mythological, folk themes and tantric symbolism, though the central theme is invariably love and fertility.'
'The contemporary art of mithila painting was born in the early 1960's, following the terrible Bihar famine. The women of Mithila were encouraged to apply their painting skills to paper as a means of supplementing their meager incomes. Once applied to a portable and thus more visible medium, the skills of the Mithila women were quickly recognized. The work was enthusiastically bought by tourists and folk art collectors alike. As with the wall paintings, these individual works are still painted with natural plant and mineral-derived colors, using bamboo twigs in lieu of brush or pen ... '
Bengali scrolls.

Psychology and Marxism.

Telephone Wire Baskets from South Africa and Zimbabwe. 'For centuries South Africa's Zulu people have been famous for the sturdy and beautiful baskets they weave from grasses and palm leaf. The weaving was so tight that the best ukhamba baskets were actually used to store beer! Today these baskets are still woven in the countryside, but the Zulus living in urban area have invented a new kind of basket, the imbenge basket woven entirely of recycled telephone wire. The baskets are as bright and colorful as the telephone wire, and very sturdy. They are also completely washable! In recent years people in craft cooperatives in the the neighboring nation of Zimbabwe have developed their own distinct style of telephone wire basket, which we are also offering here. These baskets are all one-of-a-kind, and our inventory is constantly changing. '

McPitric. Outsider art.
'Mark Brown is the hand that puts these shapes and colors together. His love for doodling is a gift from God. His heart, and his art, is dedicated to the Lord Jesus. He and his wife Debbie live a life of simpicity in the peaceful seclusion of the northern Idaho woods with their two best friends, T. Tommy Tucker and Peter Punkinhead. '

Houdini. 'In 1912 Harry Houdini was lowered into New York's East River in a crate wrapped in chains. The crowd of spectators gasped; reporters pulled out their stop watches. Houdini was out in less than a minute. The resulting media blitz established him forever as the world's greatest escape artist. On stage, Houdini subjected himself to the Water Torture Cell, being buried alive, and other perils of his own design. Throughout his rise from Hungarian immigrant to international star, Houdini confronted our greatest fears entrapment, pain, death -- and emerged victorious. '

Joe diMaggio: The Hero's Life. 'He was one of the greatest sports heroes ever -- and one of the most unlikely. Raised in a poor Italian fishing community in San Francisco, Joe DiMaggio joined the New York Yankees in 1936 and quickly rose to become the star of baseball's golden age. He was graceful, elegant, and inspiring; his 56-game hitting streak electrified the nation. But Joe was always obsessed with being perfect, and over time became bitter and cynical about his celebrity. After his tumultuous marriage to Marilyn Monroe, he turned to cashing in on his fame ... '
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26th July


History Archive Of the German Revolution 1918-23. 'history archive dedicated to the documentation, analysis and interpretation of the events surrounding the German workers revolutions of 1918 through 1923.'

An Island Story: A History of England for Boys and Girls, H.E. Marshall, 1920.
Chapter 1: The Stories of Albion and Brutus.
Chapter 114: The Hope of the Future. 'It is always much more easy to make war than to make peace, and never after any war had Europe been in such a state of turmoil and confusion as it now was. Francis Joseph, the old Emperor of Austria, died during the war. His successor abdicated, and the Empire of Austria fell to pieces. The Emperor of Germany too abdicated, and fled to Holland for refuge, while Germany was given over to revolution. Russia remained in the throes of civil war. Added to this, all the subject nations, which had been held in bondage by Germany, Austria, and Russia, clamored for release ... '

Utopian Socialism. 'Utopia – literally "nowheresville" – was the name of an imaginary republic described by Thomas More in which all social conflict and distress has been overcome. There have been many versions of Utopia over the years, many of them visions of socialist society. Although Marx and Engels defined their own socialism in opposition to Utopian Socialism (which had many advocates in the early nineteenth century), they had immense respect for the great Utopian socialists like Charles Fourier and Robert Owen.'
'By describing how people would live if everyone adhered to the socialist ethic, utopian socialism does three things: it inspires the oppressed to struggle and sacrifice for a better life, it gives a clear meaning to the aim of socialism, and it demonstrates how socialism is ethical, that is, that the precepts of socialism can be applied without excluding or exploiting anyone ... '

A Sumi-e Dream Journey. 'Sumi-e a Japanese term meaning "ink painting" was imported from China around the 7th century A.D. by Japanese scholars seeking a cultural exchange.'
'When they returned to Japan, the newly ordained Zen Buddhist priests admired this ink painting and valued it for its artistic discipline. They praised the monochromatic style for its ability to stimulate the illusion of color, the disciplined brush work, and its depth of shading and emotional impact ... '
Gallery.

American Environmental Photographs 1891-1936. 'This collection consists of approximately 4,500 photographs documenting natural environments, ecologies, and plant communities in the United States at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. Produced between 1891 and 1936 by a group of American botanists generally regarded as one of the most influential in the development of modern ecological studies, these photographs provide an overview of important representative natural landscapes across the nation. They demonstrate the character of a wide range of American topography, its forestation, aridity, shifting coastal dune complexes, and watercourses. Comparison of early photographs with later views highlights changes resulting from natural alterations of the landscape, disturbances from industry and development, and effective natural resource usage. The photographs were taken by Henry Chandler Cowles (1869-1939), George Damon Fuller (1869-1961), and other Chicago ecologists on field trips across the North American continent. '

The Useless Hall of Fame.

The Museum of Ephemeral Cultural Artifacts. 'A cybergallery of transient art and artifacts.'

Pac Manhattan. 'Pac-Manhattan is a large-scale urban game that utilizes the New York City grid to recreate the 1980's video game sensation Pac-Man. '

The Painted Furniture of French Canada 1700-1840. 'This exhibition features pieces of furniture which are unique in the history of Canada. More than 80 objects will be presented: armoires, chests of drawers, armchairs, chairs, etc.'

Lifelines: Canada's East Coast Fisheries. 'Lifelines aims to foster an understanding of the importance of the fisheries to Atlantic Canadians and the rest of the country. It links different time periods, ethnic communities, fish harvesting, modes of life and uses of technology. We hope it will inform you and promote thoughtful reflection about our stewardship of an important resource.'
Possessions: The Material World of Newfoundland Fishing Families.
A Lobster Tale: The Lobster Fishery of Prince Edward Island. 'Prior to the 1870s, Prince Edward Islanders were content to remain on shore while others pursued the rich fishery off their coast. Then came the lobster boom, and Islanders developed a fishery of their own ... '

The Seigneurs. The French settlement of Canada. 'In the early seventeenth century, France decided to launch a colonial enterprise of its own in North America. With a view to settling and profiting from this vast addition to the royal lands, the French state took over a system that had its origins in feudalism: the seigneurial regime. In the new context, however, the seigneur was transformed from a feudal lord into a mere agent of the state in its relations with the colonizers. In a territory where everything had to be built and organized from nothing, the seigneurs' principal role was to act as promoters of colonization, as historian Marcel Trudel has called them ... '

Boats from Southeast Asia.

Ritual Messengers: African Treasures from the Tevuren Museum, Belgium. 'This exhibition unveiled treasures from the Royal Museum for Central Africa in Tervuren, Belgium. These masks, statues, figurines and carvings from the Tervuren Museum's vast collections - many of which had never been shown before - undoubtedly represent some of the highlights of Central African art. '

Portraits of the Great Fur Trade Canoes. 'The Hudson's Bay Company and the Canadian Museum of Civilization join here in presenting the story of a Montreal Canoe, the largest birchbark vessel ever used in Canada. Our knowledge of the great canoes' shapes, sizes, contents, and colours comes largely from studying paintings and drawings such as these, which have been selected from many archival collections across Canada.'

Hooked on Rugs. 'We would like this site to highlight the extraordinary heritage bequeathed to us by Canadian rug hookers for more than 150 years. We want to share the skills and artistry, as well as the creative imagination these artists employed in decorating and brightening their homes. '

The Last Best West: Advertising for Immigrants to Western Canada 1870-1930. 'When Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister, boasted that the twentieth century belonged to Canada, he spoke for a nation buoyant with optimism about its future. After years of doubt and economic depression, wheat sales were booming, a frenzy of railway building was in progress, and the long-hoped-for settlers were at last pouring in to 'the last, best west'.'
'This virtual exhibition is about the Canadian government's role in advertising free land in The Last Best West to farmers and farm workers in Britain, the United States and Europe. These were the only immigrants targeted by the government, apart from domestic servants. The Canadian Pacific Railway, and other rail and ocean transportation companies, helped promote government land in western Canada to would-be immigrants.'
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