The Art of Botanical Illustration. 'The Art of Botanical Illustration
highlights selections from the University of Delaware's Special
Collections which show the development of botanical illustration from
early printed books to the present day. The primary goal of botanical
illustration is not art, but scientific accuracy. It must portray a
plant with the precision and level of detail for it to be recognized
and distinguished from another species.' 'The need for exactness
differentiates botanical illustration from more general flower painting.
Many great artists, from the seventeenth-century Dutch masters to the
French Impressionists, such as Monet and Renoir, to modernists like
Georgia O'Keeffe, portrayed flowers; but since their goal was aesthetic,
accuracy was not always necessary or intended. In the hands of a talented
botanical artist, however, the illustration goes beyond its scientific
requirements and becomes a thing of beauty in its own right. The greatest
of botanical illustrators such as Joseph Redouté are as renowned as other
great master painters. '
Art to Enchant: Illustrators and Shakespeare. 'We invite you to view
a wide range of illustrated editions of Shakespeare from 1744 through
1986. Illustrators were challenged by the texts of this great dramatist,
whose works were already visually represented on stage. See how they
responded to this challenge, and whether or not they were successful,
in this fascinating selection of books.'
The Jaded. Web comic.
'Action. Adventure. Danger. For Hire.'
Get Fuzzy. 'Get Fuzzy by Darby Conley, is a wry portrait of single
life, with pets. At the center of this warm and fuzzy romp is Rob Wilco,
a single, mild-mannered ad executive and guardian of Bucky and Satchel,
anthropomorphic scamps that still live by their animal instincts. Bucky is
a temperamental cat (is there any other kind?) who clearly wears the
pants in this eccentric household. Satchel is a gentle pooch with
a sensitive soul who tries to remain neutral, but frequently ends up on
the receiving end of Bucky's mischief. Together, this unlikely trio endures
all the trials and tribulations of a typical family... more or less. '
Around Manchester. 'Although it is often hidden today, Manchester
and its surroundings had a rich architectural inheritance long before
the wholesale Victorian modernization of the city. This exhibit reveals
some of these secrets by bringing together both evidence of the landmarks
which have disappeared and those which have survived. Old pictures from
our collections are contrasted with the view in 1998. '
Zootoon. A great
links/web/culture blog. Catalan language.
The Glory of Carniola. Fab blog
'In 1689, a Slovenian nobleman and polymath named Janez Vajkard Valvasor
published The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola, an exhaustive study of life
in 17th-century Carniola. (Carniola being the latin name for Krajnska, an
area in central Slovenia.)' 'The Glory was a monster: 15 volumes, 3,532
pages, 528 copperplate engravings and 24 appendices. You can see the
cover page in the upper left corner.' 'Three hundred years after its
publication, Valvasor was rewarded for his efforts by the newly independent
country of Slovenia, which put him on its 20-tolar banknote. That's
roughly ten Euro cents, which isn't particularly flattering, but a step
above Primoz Trubar, who was the first person to write a book in
Slovenian and only got the ten-tolar note to show for it.'
Aroostock County in 1900: Railroads. Maine
memories. 'These photographs, from a group of glass plates negatives
collected by railroad enthusiast Emmons Lancaster, document construction
of the Bangor and Aroostook rail lines into northern Aroostook County.
' 'Specifically, the collection centers on the Fish River branch that
was built in 1902 and that ran from Ashland through Portage and on up to
Fort Kent. '
1997 New Orleans Budget Exhibit. New Orleans through the
decades. 'Mayor Marc H. Morial presented his 1997 budget to the City
Council at Gallier Hall on October 16, 1996. The City Archives,
Louisiana Division, New Orleans Public Library mounted a special exhibit
onsite for the occasion. This is an online, condensed version of that
exhibit.' 'Our purpose in creating the original exhibit at Gallier
Hall was to highlight some of the physical changes that have occurred in
the city of New Orleans since 1950 and to illustrate how capital
projects sponsored by the municipal government have spurred those
changes. The exhibit examines each of the four decades from the 1950s
through the 1980s, focusing on a major project from each era. It also
touches on several additional projects that have had profound impact on
the Crescent City over the past forty years.'
1968 Revisited... 'When we first came up with the idea for a 1968
historical retrospective at NYU back in 1993, the culture was in the
midst of the '60s nostalgia wave that crested in about '92. It was
actually legitimate back then to say "groovy," wear love beads sold at
the Gap, and appear grungy - it was like being a less fashion-conscious,
but more self-conscious, hippie. That lasted five minutes, and on its
heels came the '70s nostalgia that gave '90s upward-mobility culture the
Valium it needed. ' 'Back in 1968, NYU was a completely different
place. Not that I would know personally, having been born in '64, but
because of all the in-house research I did while working at the NYU
Archives. In the top-10 moments of '60s campus radicalism, NYU doesn't
usually pop up - it seems eclipsed by events at Columbia and Berkeley.
But NYU during the 1960s was an important site of student radicalism.
Apart from the routine trashing of ROTC offices, bookstore sit-ins and
demonstrations, NYU produced some revolutionary protest groups - SDS
(Students for a Democratic Society), the Peace and Freedom Party, and
the Independent Radicals. Notable protest moments include the so-called
Chi-Reston affair of 1968, in which the South Vietnamese observer to the
UN was pelted with eggs and draped in a swastika by members of NYU SDS
while giving a speech in Loeb Student Center. The next year the Hog Farm
Commune, a kind of rustic-hippie mobile collective, came to NYU. At the
ensuing Happening, lots of people threw themselves into a thousand
pounds of pudding unloaded into Loeb Student Center, while nude men and
women showered the audience with gallons of water during a light show.
It was almost as if Loeb Center, to compensate for the fact that it was
the plainest building ever erected in downtown Manhattan, became ground
zero for the Revolution ... '
1981 Hunger Strikes: America Reacts. 'In the Maze Prison (formerly
Long Kesh) at Lisburn, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland, twenty-three Irish
nationalists participated in a hunger strike to press for political
legitimacy within the British penal system. Ten of these men would die
of starvation before the strike ended in October. '
'Media reports made these extremely public and controversial deaths, the
latest battle in a propaganda war involving the British government and
Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland that had been escalating since
1969. In this struggle, the sympathy of the American public was an
important prize. '
'The 1981 Hunger Strikes: America Reacts traces the evolution of public
opinion in the United States from before the strikes - when few outside
the Irish American community knew what the issues were in Northern
Ireland - to their conclusion when public awareness was at its height.
It also examines the degree to which the American media and the Irish
American public gave the hunger strikers the legitimacy they needed to
press their cause in Washington and London. The purpose of the exhibit
is twofold. First, to present a body of new primary resources and,
second, to inspire reflection on the very nature of public opinion
Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Chinese Paintings. 'This selection
from the Ellsworth Collection at the Metropolitan Museum focuses on
Chinese painting created during the period of clashing social visions
and dramatic political change that marked China's entry into the modern
world. In the arts, it was a time when the tensions between tradition
and innovation, native and foreign styles reached an unprecedented level
'Why have this web site? Because history is not just about events, it is
about human lives. Here we present history with a human face. Read the
stories of the survivors. Hear them speak. Look at their family
photographs. Consult our encyclopedia. Read a historical introduction to
the Holocaust. Leave your thoughts or ask your questions on our
discussion page. '
Swedish Copybook. 'This is the first page of my great-grandfather's
copybook. There could have been a separate wrapper or cover that did not
'Dated December 9, 1858, the book was signed by C.Damm, a writing tutor
in Wirestad, Sweden. There are 12 pages of handwritten model forms of
the Copperplate Script alphabet (sometimes called English Running Hand
or Engraver's Script). Side margins appear to have been trimmed off at
some time, and new binding holes were punched. The arrangement of pages
below seems logical, but punched holes suggest that the leaves were
bound in a different sequence. When I received the copybook as a child,
the pages were no longer tied together, but wrapped individually in
recycled yellow cellophane (smoked ham labels were printed on the
cellophane) ... '
Frankfurt School. 'Index to the biographies and writings of members
of the "Frankfurt School", or Institute for Social Research, set up by a
group of Marxist intellectuals in Germany in 1923, affiliated to the
University of Frankfurt and independently of the Communist Party, which
has been influential in the development of Marxist theory ever
since.' 'The founding of the Institut marked the beginning of a
current of "Marxism" divorced from the organised working class and
Communist Parties, which over the decades merged with bourgeois ideology
Churches of the
Gower Peninsula. 'Christianity reached the Gower Peninsular in the
early 5th century. At this time, Christians gathered for religious
instruction and worship in open spaces. The early Christian instructors
of the area are believed to have been missionary monks from Gaul and
when these great leaders of the faith died, they were buried in the
locations in which they had taught. These sites would then become sacred
grounds where further Christian burials would be held. These early
Christian graves were commemorated with stones inscribed by local
stonesmiths and it is these stones which offer the historian the
earliest physical evidence of Christian worship in the region. In later
years, these sacred places were enclosed and small stone oratories,
measuring some three square metres, were constructed within the
perimeter. ' 'The first churches to be constructed in Gower, very
often upon these early sacred locations, were wooden in construction,
the more familiar stone buildings not arriving in Gower until the later
invasion of Anglo-Normans. Of these numerous Celtic period buildings,
which spread right across the Wales, only one now remains across the
whole of the Principality. This can be found amongst the ruined chapel
on the small tidal islet of Burry Holmes. ' Links to individual
churches on the right.
Charles Booth Online Archive. 'The
Charles Booth Online Archive is a searchable resource giving access to
archive material from the Booth collections of the British Library of
Political and Economic Science (the Library of the London School of
Economics and Political Science) and the University of London
'The archives of the British Library of Political and Economic Science
contain the original records from Booth's survey into life and labour in
London, dating from 1886-1903. The archives of the University of London
Library contain Booth family papers from 1799 to 1967.'
Poverty maps of London.
Fragonard. 'Embodying the freedom and curiosity of the French Enlightenment,
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) developed an exuberant and fluid
manner as a painter, draftsman, and printmaker. Prolific and inventive,
he abandoned early on the conventional career path dictated by the
hierarchical structure of the Royal Academy, working largely for private
patrons. His work constitutes a further elaboration of the Rococo idiom
established by Antoine Watteau and François Boucher, a manner perfectly
suited to his subjects, which favored the playful, the erotic, and the
joys of domesticity.'
Academy in Rome. 'The founding of the French Academy in Rome in 1666
as a branch of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris
signaled the seminal importance of the classical tradition in the
Academy's program of art education. Its significance was underscored by
the establishment of the Prix de Rome in 1674, an award given to the
most promising painters, sculptors, and (after 1720) architects, for a
period of three to five years of study in Rome. In its early history,
the Academy was housed at several locations, until its installation in
1725 at the Palazzo Mancini on the Corso, where it remained until 1802
(presently located at the Villa Medici). The curriculum emphasized
direct contact with antique art, as captured in a painting by Giovanni
Panini of 1757 entitled Ancient Rome (52.63.1), in which students sketch
the Dying Gladiator amidst the greatest monuments of classical
antiquity, including the Farnese Hercules and the Laocoön. Panini taught
perspective at the Academy, where the curriculum also included anatomy
and life drawing. Additionally, students-or pensioners, as they were
called-were required to execute copies of paintings and sculptures as
part of their training and in response to commissions from the French
king, the Academy's patron. '
Body, Breath and Brush.
'Group Yohaku is a Canadian sumi-e artist group formed in 1977 by
teacher Tomoko Kodama. From varied cultural backgrounds, members have
from five to over twenty years study with Kodama. Many are students from
the Ottawa School of Art.'
'The group takes its name from the concept behind sumi-e. In Japanese,
yo means excess space, haku means white. sumi-e is black ink brush
painting, an oriental calligraphy technique. Breathing, body movement
and brush handling are combined to produce harmonious lines and a sense
of spontaneity. The balance between white and painted space creates
deceptively simple works of art.' Gallery 1,
Been Photographed. 'My heart feels heavy as I present these
portraits of the poorest of the poor of India. My father documented
these portraits, not for the Internet, not for the money or artistic
effort, but with a sense of history in his mind. "In a few years, it
will be hard for us to believe that we lived amongst people like these"
he once wrote to me. The subjects in this series are mostly uneducated,
poor, and never been in front of a camera. Many were taken in deep
forests of India where the technology was yet to make an impact.
Innumerable times, after a person passed away, the relatives tracked
down my father and had to request the only photograph of their loved
ones. This website may be the only place that a record will exist of
their existence. (No. India does not have an identification
system).' 'Is place in history, a privilege of the rich? '
The Beat Page.
'The history of literature has been "landmarked" by countless movements
of varying styles and direction. The Beat Page is dedicated to the
movement that began in the early 1950's with a small and tightly
connected group of young writers who demonstrated a care-free, often
wreckless and unquestionably fresh approach to literature as well as a
demonstrative social stance toward what was sometimes referred to as
"The Establishment". The term "Beat" was reportedly coined by Jack
Kerouac in the late 1940's, but became more common at about the time
that writers like himself, Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti were
beginning to get noticed. It was quickly becoming a slang term in
America after World War II, meaning "exhausted" or "beat down" and
provided this generation with a definitive label for their personal and
social positions and perspectives ... ' Photo gallery. Charles Bukowski.
Spendid Isolation: Art of Easter Island. 'Few Pacific islands hold
as prominent a place in the Western imagination as Easter Island, a
Polynesian island that is now part of Chile. One of the most remote
inhabited places on earth, this enigmatic island is home to the Rapa
Nui, a Polynesian people who developed a unique series of artistic
traditions. While the island is renowned for the colossal stone figures
that adorn its sacred temples, much of its art remains unfamiliar to
wider audiences. The first American exhibition devoted to the art of
Easter Island, "Splendid Isolation: Art of Easter Island" presents
nearly 50 works examining the island's diverse artistic heritage.
Featuring objects from the Metropolitan's collection as well as loans
from museums and private collectors in the United States and Canada-many
on public display for the first time-"Splendid Isolation" explores
Easter Island's distinctive art forms as expressions of supernatural and
secular power. Dating from the 12th to the late 19th century, the works
in the exhibition range from one of the island's renowned stone figures
to refined wooden sculpture, rare barkcloth effigies, and examples of
rongorongo, the island's unique and undeciphered script.'
Telling Stories: Narratives of
Nationhood. Canadian histories. 'Looking at artistic voices
represented across Canada, it becomes clear that our identity - who and
what we are as individuals, communities, regions, and a country - can
never be told in just one story. The cultures, histories, and
relationships among Canadian communities have always been changing. The
art that has come out of this ever-changing reality are all pieces of a
broader dialogue, offering glimpses of the possibilities for many
different identities. In Telling Stories: Narratives of Nationhood, a
diversity of art by Canadian artists is the medium for the exploration
of Canadian history and heritage, identity, culture, geography, and
1846: Portrait of the
Nation. 'On August 10, 1846, the act establishing the Smithsonian
Institution was passed by Congress and immediately signed into law by
President James K. Polk. In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of
that event, this exhibition looks back at the America of 1846. '
'The year began with the threat of war with England over the Oregon
boundary; by year's end, war with Mexico raged, and the ominous debate
over the spread of slavery in the vast territory expected to be acquired
began. Meanwhile, thousands were on the move west. Voices of reform were
loud in the land; the spirirt of enterprise was everywhere to be seen;
art and literature flourished; music was beloved; on stage Shakespeare
was relished, as were the minstrel shows; interest in science was high,
and fascination with pseudoscience pervasive. There was no holding back
America in 1846; "go-ahead" was the watchword of the nation. '
1940 Oregon Coast Tour. 'The year is 1940, and you are driving with
your family to Astoria to begin a trip down the Oregon Coast. Along the
way, you listen to the car radio, laughing at the antics of Fibber McGee
and Molly, tapping your fingers to the latest Big Band hit, and shaking
your head at war news from Europe. You worry that America may need to
get involved eventually.'
'As you stop at a roadside restaurant, you pull a newly published book
from your bag. Called "Oregon: End of the Trail," it is a detailed and
engaging guide to the state's culture, history, and geography. Of
immediate interest to your family is the section that traces the very
trip you will soon be making: down the Oregon Coast Highway (U.S. 101)
from Astoria to the California border.'
'You've read in the newspapers how the guide was prepared by the Oregon
office of the Federal Writer's Project. Established under President
Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal," the project has for several years
provided work for writers and other "white-collar" workers suffering the
impacts of the Great Depression. Like the Oregon office, state Writer's
Project offices around the country have produced (or are hurrying to
finish) similar guides ... '
The Ancient Olympics. 'The Centennial Olympic Games were held in
Atlanta, Georgia from July 19-August 4, 1996. In their honor, we've
created this exhibit on the ancient Olympics, using information from the
Perseus Project, a digital library on ancient Greece. The Perseus
Project is centered in the Classics Department at Tufts University.'
'In this exhibit, you can compare ancient and modern Olympic sports,
tour the site of Olympia as it looks today, learn about the context of
the Games and the Olympic spirit, or read about the Olympic athletes who
were famous in ancient times. '