Conte, Panama, 1940.
'The University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives
presents the archaeological records of the Museum's
1940 expedition to Sitio Conte, Panama. The excavation
uncovered a Pre-Columbian cemetery dating to ca. AD
450-900, containing fabulous goldwork and beautiful
painted pottery. '
'This web site allows you access to these artifacts as
well as all the field notes, letters, and photographs.
For introductory material and a description of the
collection please read the following pages. To go
directly to the scanned documents and photographs,
click on "Container List" on the navigation bar, and
then on the relevant group of records.'
The Sex Life of the Date.
'Dr. Naomi F. Miller, archaeobotanist at the Museum,
recently exposed some hidden aspects of an ancient
'When asked to identify the gold plant-like ornaments
from Lady Puabi's diadem (headdress), she noticed that
they had been mounted upside down. '
'By flipping the ornaments and allowing them to hang
as pendants, Miller discovered that these ornaments
represented the male and female branches of the date
palm. This turnabout upended a long-standing
assumption that the ornaments represented ears of
grain or a fruiting bush. '
'How did Dr. Miller know? The key was the double loops
on the ends of the ornaments, which proved that these
items were in fact pendants ... '
Porcelain of Japan.
'The works in the exhibition, which traveled to SAAM
from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, were
produced in the Hirado fief, located in Kyushu, Japan.
Hirado refers both to the name of the fiefdom and to
the island off Kyushu that was part of the ruler's
territory. Close to the Korean peninsula, Hirado was a
natural locus for international shipping and trade
between Japan, Korea and China. A Korean potter - who
married into a Japanese family and took the Japanese
name Sannojô - found kaolin, the basic ingredient in
porcelain clay, at the village of Mikawachi in the
mid-1600s. Sannojô's kilns, established under command
of the Hirado daimyo (feudal lord), began producing
Hirado Mikawachi wares. While Japanese scholars often
technically refer to this material as Mikawachi ware,
the popular term in both Japan and the West is Hirado
'Manhattan Mincha Map is a project to document
photographically all the places in Manhattan where
Jewish men gather to recite Mincha.'
'Mincha is the shortest of the three daily prayers. It
consists mainly of the Shemonah Esrei or Amidah a
group of nineteen blessings. Amidah comes from the
Hebrew la'amod, which means "to stand." It is recited
while standing at attention, symbolic of the posture
of the angels. Jewish tradition credits the patriarch
Isaac, son of Abraham, with the authorship of the
Mincha prayers. Unlike his father, whose life is
associated with kindness, Isaac's was marked by
justice. Mincha is a time when actions are scrutinized
by the divinity, and the faithful are judged for their
daily service to God. This "daily service"
commemorates the daily offerings before the
destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. '
'Acting under the directive of the leadership of the
104th Congress to make Federal legislative information
freely available to the Internet public, a Library of
Congress team brought the THOMAS World Wide Web system
online in January 1995, at the inception of the 104th
Congress. Searching capabilities in THOMAS were built
on the InQuery information retrieval system, developed
by the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval
based at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
'The first database made available was Bill Text,
followed shortly by Congressional Record Text, Bill
Summary & Status, Hot Bills (no longer maintained),
the Congressional Record Index, and the Constitution
(now found, along with other historical Congressional
documents, under the "Historical Documents" category
on the THOMAS home page). Enhancements in the types of
legislative data available, as well as in search and
display capabilities, have been continuously added. '
Under a Bell.
Great arts and culture weblog, from the Netherlands.
Norwich Cathedral. Possibly one of the most beautiful buildings
in England, with very many semi-secret places and hidden depths. I
was there last weekend. Take a look at the
The Boss of Ueno Park. 'While doing research for a story about the
homeless in Tokyo, we interviewed people living in Ueno park. After a
while somebody mentioned "The Boss" and we decided to ask him some
questions. Fortunately he liked us, invited us for a drink and gave
us a more than an hour long interview. It was his first interview he
ever gave to a foreigner.'
'We learned how homeless survive, listened to sad background stories
about abuse and divorce of woman living in the park, the hierarchy of
the homeless, regional origins, how to make small money, the role of The
Boss in the community, that sex in the huts is not tolerated, about
temporary christianing to get food from a church, why the emperor never
finds out that homeless people exist, about gay homeless people and much
The Impeachment of Andrew
Johnson. 'From the leading weekly newspaper of its time, HarpWeek
presents exclusive online access to Harper's Weekly coverage of the
historic 1868 Johnson Impeachment - with over 200 excerpts from
1865-1869 - selected specifically for this site. '
Philip K. Dick. All about him. 'Philip K. Dick was a complex man
about whom many things can be said. Immensely talented, he was arguably
a genius; and yet he was deeply troubled all his life. Prone to
psychosomatic disorders, he also suffered from agoraphobia, depression,
suicidal tendencies, and exhibited violent behavior to at least one
of his wives. He was a religious visionary whose theology was articulated
in his science fiction novels, a Gnostic thinker who doubted the reality
of the world around him, a paranoid who believed the CIA was tapping his
phone, a pill addict who wrote anti-drug novels, a literary philosopher
who read James Joyce while pumping out sci-fi pot-boilers, an
award-winning genre novelist who yearned for the accolades of the
mainstream market, and a profound lover of women who couldn't keep
a marriage together. Philip K. Dick was a husband to five wives, a
father of three children, a brother obsessed by the loss of his twin
sister, a son who blamed his mother for her daughter's death, and
a father figure to countless addicts and petty criminals who crashed
at his California home. To his friends, he was a warm and gentle
man, always laughing and holding everything together, and yet those
closest to him recognized him as the unhappiest man they had ever met.'
'But perhaps above all, Philip K. Dick was an American writer of
astonishing uniqueness, author of more than 30 novels and over 100
short stories, most of them falling under the spacious umbrella of
science fiction. And while it's true that many of his novels were
sci-fi pot-boilers, designed to earn a paycheck by exploiting all the
trappings of the genre - space ships, Martian colonies, alien life
forms, zap guns, androids, and so on - they stand out as unique in
the field because of their deeply personal nature, as well as Dick's
literary approach to social, philosophical and religious issues. Today
Philip K. Dick's novels are recognized for this startling originality,
and are widely acclaimed by readers with more a taste for Borges
and Calvino than space opera and pulp fiction.'
Gapingvoid. "cartoons drawn on
the back of business cards"
Mongolia: Reclaiming Genghis Khan.
'The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology
and Anthropology, in cooperation with the National
Museum of Mongolian History, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia,
presents an all-new exhibition, Modern Mongolia:
Reclaiming Genghis Khan, which challenges our view of
Genghis Khan. '
'The current health belief systems of Plains Indians
reflect a blending of American Indian traditions with
modern Western practice. Health and healing are among
the most important concerns of Native Americans. While
traditional healing techniques may vary from tribe to
tribe, Indian groups also share common traditions,
including the use of healing rites and an intricate
knowledge of herbal medicine. '
'The purpose of this timeline is to provide historical
perspective, reminding us of where we have been in
order that we may achieve a safer and saner future.The
timeline is routinely updated to include the latest
developments in nuclear weapons issues worldwide.'
New York During the War:
Photographs from the Office of War Information.
'For many New Yorkers, thinking about New York during
the early 1940s evokes feelings of nostalgia for a
time in the city when life was seemingly simpler,
perhaps in some ways better than today. A subway ride
on the IRT, BMT or IND was 5 cents. Baseball fans
could root for the Yankees, the Dodgers or the Giants.
A cheap meal could be had at the Automat or any of the
numerous cafeterias around the city. Jazz clubs lined
West 52nd Street. Movie theaters offered newsreels,
cartoons, and double-features. International travelers
arrived in ocean liners and docked at the great piers
on the Hudson River. Domestic visitors disembarked
from their trains and walked into the massive waiting
room of Pennsylvania Station. People pulled together
to support the war effort. War time employment helped
end the Depression and send wages soaring. In the
words of the Office of War Information: "To native New
Yorkers and those who have adopted the city as their
own, the sound of taxis honking their way through city
streets, the mournful wail of fog horns on the river,
the veil of snow dusting buildings and streets and the
fragile green of spring leaves against gray stone, the
brash brilliance of Times Square and the soft blue of
twilight when the first lights prick on and the
setting sun is gold on the panes of high windows are
all part of the nostalgic charm that is New York."
'However, life in New York during World War II had a
grim side, as well. Racial discrimination still
reigned in many areas of employment, housing, and
social relations; the 1943 riot in Harlem attests to
continued racial tensions. Civilian defense,
rationing, the dim-out in Times Square, a darkened
skyline, a black market in consumer goods -- these
were also realities of life in New York during the
MONDRIMAT is a simple system which lets you experiment with space, color
and visual rhythm in accordance with the theories of Piet Mondrian.
Images created with this system are ephemeral. You must start fresh each
and Gyorgy Kolosvari. 'Sculptors, sons of Miklós Kolozsvári, a
painter. Little is known of their lives. Their only statue which
survived the centuries is the bronze equastrian statue of "St. George"
(1373) in the castle in Prague. Later the statue was transformed into a
fountain (its exact copy can be found in Epreskert, Budapest). '
'The first work of the Kolozsvári Brothers to appear in various
documents was a group of three bronze figures, King Stephen, Prince Imre
and King Ladislaus as commissioned by Demeter, the bishop of Nagyvárad.
According to recent research, there is good reason to believe that it
was the Kolozsvári brothers who fashioned the equestrian statue of St.
Ladislaus (in front of the Dome in Nagyvárad) commissioned by János
Zudar, bishop of Nagyvárad in 1390. The statue was destroyed after the
Turks had occupied Nagyvárad in 1660. ' Gallery.
English Literature. Truly great online collection. 'The earlier
seventeenth century, and especially the period of the English Revolution
(1640?60), was a time of intense ferment in all areas of life ?
religion, science, politics, domestic relations, culture. That ferment
was reflected in the literature of the era, which also registered a
heightened focus on and analysis of the self and the personal life.
However, little of this seems in evidence in the elaborate frontispiece
to Michael Drayton's long "chorographical" poem on the landscape,
regions, and local history of Great Britain (1612), which appeared in
the first years of the reign of the Stuart king James I (1603?1625). The
frontispiece appears to represent a peaceful, prosperous, triumphant
Britain, with England, Scotland, and Wales united, patriarchy and
monarchy firmly established, and the nation serving as the great theme
for lofty literary
celebration. Albion (the Roman name for Britain) is a young and
beautiful virgin wearing as cloak a map featuring rivers, trees,
mountains, churches, towns; she carries a scepter and holds a
cornucopia, symbol of plenty. Ships on the horizon signify exploration,
trade, and garnering the riches of the sea. In the four corners stand
four conquerors whose descendants ruled over Britain: the legendary
Brutus, Julius Caesar, Hengist the Saxon, and the Norman William the
Conqueror, "whose line yet rules," as Drayton's introductory poem states
nese Architectural Atlas. 'Covered mostly by mountains and greenery
and rich in forest resources, Japan has a long tradition of building
with wood. The country boasts the oldest and largest wooden buildings in
the world, many of which are temples. And Japan's unique style of wood-
based architecture, ideally suited to the country's humid climate, is
used for residences as well. Highly refined carpentry skills that have
been cultivated over the centuries are incorporated into modern
structures, and many outstanding edifices created by present-day
Japanese architects have captured the attention of the world.'
Hudson River Estuary Slide Show. 'Welcome to the Hudson River, an
American Heritage River.'
'Few places on earth reward travelers and residents like the Hudson
River Valley. Vistas of forested mountains and deep tidal river, a rich
tradition of history, literature and art, and outstanding biological
diversity win the love and loyalty of New Yorkers and visitors
'Join us on a journey down the length of this great river and see its
wonders for yourself.'
Apollo 11 Flight Plan. 'The flight plan for Apollo 11 was a minute-
by-minute time line of activities for the mission crew--Neil Armstrong,
Mike Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin--and Mission Control in Houston.
The flight was launched July 16, 1969. Touchdown on the moon took place,
as scheduled, on July 20, 102 hours, 47 minutes, and 11 seconds after
launch from Cape Kennedy. The astronauts spent 21 hours and 36 minutes
on the moon, and returned to Earth on July 24.' 'flight plan
describes tasks to be done 102 to 103 hours into the flight. Immediately
after landing, Armstrong and Aldrin reviewed their lunar contact
checklist and reached a decision on "stay/no stay." Armstrong then
reported to Houston: "The Eagle has landed." '
Koelz: A Life Divided.
'Johannes Matthaeus Koelz, a painter, was living in a
small cottage in the Bavarian forest estate of
Hohenbrunn. One morning he travelled to nearby Munich
on a routine visit to police headquarters to renew his
exit visa for a planned trip to Italy.'
'Some time after mid-day he sent a telegram to his
wife asking her to meet him in the city. They later
returned home together. '
'At some point during the following night Koelz
instructed a young man from the local woodmill to take
his major work - a triptych which had occupied him
since the early 1930s and cut it into pieces. He left
Hohenbrunn at dawn, arranging for his family to
follow. Koelz, his wife Claire and their children Ava
and Siegfried crossed the mountainous border country
and, two days later, reached Austria. It was the first
stop on a journey that would take them to England.
'Meanwhile the state police had raided their home and
interrogated family members left behind. They were
searching for the painter and his triptych, a massive
anti-war painting which not only questioned the
horrors of war but also the rising power of the
Nationalist Socialist Party and by implication, its
leader, Adolf Hitler.' Koelz's
anti-war Tryptych. Timeline
Trails to Utah and the Pacific: Diaries and Letters,
1846-1869 ' incorporates 49 diaries, in 59
volumes, of pioneers trekking westward across America
to Utah, Montana, and the Pacific between 1847 and the
meeting of the rails in 1869. In addition to the
diaries, the collection includes 43 maps, 82
photographs and illustrations, and 7 published guides
for immigrants. Stories of persistence and pain, birth
and death, God and gold, trail dust and debris,
learning, love, and laughter, and even trail tedium
can be found in these original "on the trail"
accounts. The collection tells the stories of Mormon
pioneer families and others who were part of the
national westering movement, sharing trail experiences
common to hundreds of thousands of westward migrants.
The source materials are drawn from the collections of
Brigham Young University, members of the Utah Academic
Libraries Consortium, and other archival institutions
in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho. '
Settlement: Nebraska Photographs and Family
'This digital collection integrates two collections
from the holdings of the Nebraska State Historical
Society, the Solomon D. Butcher photographs and the
letters of the Uriah W. Oblinger family. Together they
illustrate the story of settlement on the Great
Plains. Approximately 3,000 glass plate negatives
crafted by Butcher record the process of settlement in
Nebraska between 1886 and 1912. Butcher photographed
actively in central Nebraska including Custer,
Buffalo, Dawson and Cherry counties. The approximately
3,000 pages of Oblinger family letters discuss land,
work, neighbors, crops, religious meetings, problems
with grasshoppers, financial problems, and the Easter
Blizzard of 1873. Uriah Oblinger came from Indiana to
Fillmore County, Nebraska in 1873 to claim a homestead
for his family. In the eloquent letters exchanged
between Uriah and his wife Mattie, and in letters to
other family members, Oblinger expresses very personal
insight into the joy, despair, and determination in
their struggle to establish a home on the prairie. '
The Legacy of Absence. Cambodian artists confront
the past. "I have painted three paintings on the theme
'Remains of War' in order to critique society and to
express the suffering of the Khmer people during the
last three decades. The picture entitled 'The Wait of
the Orphans to pick up scraps of food' wished to show
clearly that war leads only to destruction and
despair. The countryside ordinarily is a place where
people farm, thus growing things which fulfill their
needs. These orphans, however, have no such place, nor
a family or caring society to help them not to feel
the Himalayas: Paintings of Mustang. 'Robert
Powell has lived in Kathmandu for the last twenty
years. His interest has been in traditional
architecture of Asia and an important exhibition of
his paintings was shown last year, January 31st, 1999
at the Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institute,
Washington DC entitled 'Behind the Himalayas:
Paintings of Mustang.' A book of his work, was
published by Serindia Publications, London and
includes many of the works being shown in this first
London exhibition. '
History. 'It's nothing, almost nothing. As would
say F.Reines, it is "... the most tiny quantity of
reality ever imagined by a human being". Despite that
(or because of that!), this particle never ceased to
question physicists and to give headaches to the one
who wants to detect it. '
Look Inside the Atom. 'One years ago, amidst
glowing glass tubes and the hum of electricity, the
British physicist J.J. Thomson was venturing into the
interior of the atom. At the Cavendish Laboratory at
Cambridge University, Thomson was experimenting with
currents of electricity inside empty glass tubes. He
was investigating a long-standing puzzle known as
"cathode rays." His experiments prompted him to make a
bold proposal: these mysterious rays are streams of
particles much smaller than atoms, they are in fact
minuscule pieces of atoms. He called these particles
"corpuscles," and suggested that they might make up
all of the matter in atoms. It was startling to
imagine a particle residing inside the atom--most
people thought that the atom was indivisible, the most
fundamental unit of matter ... '
'August Bebel became a Marxist under the influence of
Wilhelm Liebknecht and led the South-German Workers'
Union to break with the liberals and form the German
'In 1879 Bebel published his book Woman and Socialism,
which was considered an important theoretical work
that also helped gain interest in Marxist ideas in
Germany. Bebel argues that the social emancipation of
women is an integral part of transforming social
relations and overthrowing capitalism ... '
'All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of
terror, genocide, and the Holocaust. It was
established by the Nazis in 1940, in the suburbs of
the city of Oswiecim which, like other parts of
Poland, was occupied by the Germans during the Second
World War. The name of the city of Oswiecim was
changed to Auschwitz, which became the name of the
camp as well.'
'Over the following years, the camp was expanded and
consisted of three main parts: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz
II-Birkenau, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz. It also had
over 40 sub-camps. At first, Poles were imprisoned and
died in the camp. Afterwards, Soviet prisoners of war,
Gypsies, and prisoners of other nationalities were
also incarcerated there. Beginning in 1942, the camp
became the site of the greatest mass murder in the
history of humanity, which was committed against the
European Jews as part of Hitler's plan for the
complete destruction of that people. The majority of
the Jewish men, women and children deported to
Auschwitz were sent to their deaths in the Birkenau
gas chambers immediately after arrival. At the end of
the war, in an effort to remove the traces of the
crimes they had committed, the SS began dismantling
and razing the gas chambers, crematoria, and other
buildings, as well as burning documents.'
'Prisoners capable of marching were evacuated into the
depths of the Reich. Those who remained behind in the
camp were liberated by Red Army soldiers on January
27, 1945. A July 2, 1947 act of the Polish parliament
established the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum on the
grounds of the two extant parts of the camp, Auschwitz
I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau.'
'Ito Sozan was a lesser known print designer in the large stable of
artists who worked for the Tokyo publisher Watanabe Shozaburo. His
speciality was bird and flower prints, or kacho-e, although he also
designed some bijin-ga prints. Sozan began working with Watanabe in 1919
and continued to design prints through 1926. This happens to be the same
year that another kacho-e artist, Ohara Shoson (also known as Koson),
started working for Watanabe. It is not known if Shoson was hired to
replace Sozan, or why Sozan stopped designing prints at this time.
Watanabe's 1936 catalogue included 28 prints by Sozan, but atypically,
Watanabe did not provide any biographical information on him.' Gallery.
'Kawarazaki Shodo is best known for his woodblock prints of flowers and
other plant life. Original Shodo prints have the date stamped in
Japanese in the lefthand margin. On later reprints (i.e. prints made
from the original blocks after the artist's death), the date was removed
by the publisher. Most of the Shodo prints being sold today are later
The Pacific Voyages of Rollo Beck.
'Although Beck was primarily an ornithologist, he and his wife, Ida,
took personal interest in Oceanic cultures. In addition to collecting
birds they collected numerous objects of material culture, that is,
objects made and used by the indigenous people who inhabited the
islands. The Anthropology Department at The California Academy of
Sciences houses nearly two thousand objects collected from areas
throughout Oceania. The Rollo Beck collection alone comprises of nearly
five hundred objects as well as a large collection of ethnographic
photographs taken by Beck during his Pacific expeditions in the 1920's.
These photos provide important ethnohistoric documentation from the time
before tourism when missionaries and merchants were among the few
"foreigners" living among the peoples of Oceania. Beck's photos show
many of the objects found in our collections either in use or in the
manufacturing process. '
WorldChanging: Another World is Here.
'WorldChanging.com works from a simple premise: that the tools, models
and ideas for building a better future lie all around us. That plenty of
people are working on tools for change, but the fields in which they
work remain unconnected. That the motive, means and opportunity for
profound positive change are already present. That another world is not
just possible, it's here. We only need to put the pieces together.'
Renee is Fat.
'So, you don't like me because I'm fat?
I don't like you because you're stupid. '
'Images from the Fashion of The Photography, 2000.'
Seeing the World Sideways:
Prunella Clough. 'A private individual who chose to remain out of the
limelight and yet was admired so highly by her peers, Prunella Clough,
like Edward Burra, lived to paint. Her technique is masterly, her subject
matter everyday in origin, her method idiosyncratic, the results
atmospheric. She worked with her skill, not her ego, saying: "I like to
paint a small thing edgily." ' Online gallery
Expressions of Honduras. 'Honduras is home to a wide range of ethnic
and indigenous peoples including the Pech, Maya-Chortí, Miskito, Lenca,
and Garífuna. While each group maintains its own vibrant cultural
traditions, "Expressions of Honduras" focuses upon the Garífuna or
Garinagu, an AfroCaribbean peoples of mixed Amerindian and African
origins. Explore the following links and discover the intriguing
art, culture and history of the Honduran Garinagu!'
With photographs, contemporary reviews... ' "I do not propose
to write an ode to dejection, but to brag as lustily as chanticleer in
the morning, standing on his roost, if only to wake my neighbors up." -
from the title page of Walden's first edition. '
'is a lesser known artist whose print designs were published by Watanabe
Shozaburo in the late 1940's and 50's. Born in Yamanashi in 1899,
Gakusui studied Japanese-style painting with Yamonouchi Tamon and Araki
Kanpo. He moved to China in 1929 and lived there until after World War
II. In 1949, he began to collaborate with Watanabe on bird and flower
designs. He is best known for his prints of large cranes and herons.
Much of Gakusui's work is realistic, resembling the designs of Ohara
Koson and other kacho-e artists. However, two of his crane prints are
dynamic linear designs that are unusual for shin hanga.'
'Unfortunately, very little is known about this kacho-e artist. Around
1929, Taisui designed several large flower prints for the publisher
Kawaguchi and Sakai. Typical of works published by Kawaguchi and Sakai,
these designs are very high quality in their carving and printing.
Taisui's prints are signed with the seal at left.'
Sierra Leone, September 2000.
'Freetown, long known throughout West Africa as a beautiful city. The
people who live here have seen everything in the past nine years. The
war - shorthand for so many different types of chaos and misery - has
left hundreds of thousands of people without limbs, homes, work or
schools and much worse, without their loved ones. Rows of houses in the
capital, Freetown, have been burned and razed to the ground, and armed
men have rampaged through its streets. But those who have survived have
to keep living. Freetown is still a place where food is bought,
newspapers are sold, cars move around and people stop to chat before
heading home. And Sierra Leone is still a beautiful country. '
'Sara Hell is one of the people I admired as I grew up on the internet.
I learned of her because of forumnet. People would log into the Emerald
City Forumnet server from ucsc.edu, and chat with us. I have a lot of
great memories of the ucsc people. There was Ponykid, 'Sarahell, Mantis,
and many more I can't remember. '
Around the NMIMT campus we used to amuse ourselves by fingering at
ucsc.edu to see the plans of the various users there. Many of these were
true works of art. I still have a laser copy of Ponykid's .plan from
many years ago. I keep it in a special box in my room. I never really
got to know her on the net, but I wish I had. '
'There was also Sara Hell. She had a very powerful .plan, powerful
enough that it has touched my life, and the lives of the people I have
shown it too. '