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20th March

The Guardian's Century. Stories from the twentieth century, documented in an online series by the Guardian newspaper.

Cut the Knot. Interactive mathematics miscellany and puzzles.
'Raymond Smullyan, a Mathematician, Philosopher and author of several outstanding books of logical puzzles, tells, in one of his books, a revealing story. A friend invited him for dinner. He told Smullyan that his teenage son was crazy about Smullyan's books and could not wait to meet him. The friend warned Smullyan not to mention that he is a Mathematician and that Logic is a part of Mathematics because the young fellow hated Mathematics. '
'Having told this story, would it be wise to announce up front what this site is about? Perhaps against a better judgement, I've put together a manifesto that aims to explain the purpose of this site ... '

The Vincent van Gogh Gallery. 'Welcome to The Vincent van Gogh Gallery. For nearly eight years now I've worked hard to ensure that this website remains the most thorough and comprehensive Van Gogh resource on the World Wide Web. To the right is a table detailing the contents of the entire site. I'm proud to say that I have the privilege of displaying 100% of Vincent van Gogh's works and letters--a complete, online catalogue raisonné of Van Gogh's oeuvre. As you explore these pages, you'll see the culmination of thousands of hours of work. But that's just the beginning . . . . '

Watergate dot info. An extremely comprehensive resource.
' "Watergate" is a general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word specifically refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. '
'Watergate has entered the political lexicon as a term synonymous with corruption and scandal, yet the Watergate Hotel is one of Washington's plushest hotels. Even today, it is home to former Senator Bob Dole and was once the place where Monica Lewinsky laid low. It was here that the Watergate Burglars broke into the Democratic Party's National Committee offices on June 17, 1972. If it had not been for the alert actions of Frank Wills, a security guard, the scandal may never have erupted ... '

New York World's Fair 1964/65. The future as they saw it then.

Chiura Obata 'was a well-known Japanese-American artist who designed a series of 35 woodblock prints in 1930. Although titled the World Landscape Series, the majority of the prints are views of Yosemite National Park in California.'

Hiroshi Yoshida 'was a leading figure in the 'shin hanga' (or new print) movement. He worked primarily as a painter until his late forties when he became fascinated with woodblock printing. After working with the Watanabe print shop for several years, Yoshida decided to fund his own workshop. Unlike ukiyo-e artists, he was intimately involved in all parts of the printmaking process. He designed the key blocks, chose the colors for the prints, and supervised the printers. In some cases, he even helped to carve the printing blocks. This was unusual, considering the traditional division of labor between designer, carver, and printer at that time.'
Print gallery.
Seals and signatures.

Anno Atomi: Growing Up with the Atom. 'As a small boy, scientists, jet pilots, and Captain Midnight were my heros; airplanes, rocket sleds, atoms and astronomy were some of my amazements. I had a nice collection of model planes and rockets. I loved the rockets aerodynamic shapes and the pictures of their fiery takeoffs. Of course I had no idea of the weapon their full- sized counterpart had been designed to carry nor anything of its power.'
'That is, until 4:30 a.m. on a dark summer morning in 1957. We were returning from a visit with my grandparents in California, riding in my uncle's 1956 Oldsmobile. He had decided to drive at night to avoid the hot desert sun of Death Valley. Unknown to us the Nevada Test Site was just behind us on our left. '
'Suddenly, a startling, unknown, gigantic brilliance lit up the darkness, growing much brighter than the friendly noon-day sun, and now, instead of darkness, as far as you could see into the distance, everything was lit up with a stark whiteness. The desert was now completely visible, cactus, bushes, sand. I could see mountains off in the distance and they were lit up. We tried quickly to understand what was happening ... '

Circles of Stone. 'These pages contain lots of useful information on a hundred stone circles across the UK. Details on how to get to them, quality of the site, excavation findings and astronomical data are all included. '

Latin American Art in the Arizona State University Art Museum.

Ancient Stones. A photographic guide to the stone rows and stone circles of Britain.

Megalithic Walks. 'The majority of surviving megalithic sites in the UK are to be found in undeveloped areas in the countryside, hills and mountains. Many are in beautiful settings making them very pleasant to visit and explore, these pages describe days out visiting such locations. '

Romany Voices in Kent: Photo Gallery. Old photographs of the Romany travelling community.
The history of Gypsy Travellers in Britain.

Tales of Rhyl, Wales.

Modern Ruins. 'I photograph modern ruins because I find it disturbing to find familiar objects and technology to be abandoned. I'm reminded that nothing is permanent, that everything is always in a state of transition. And we see ourselves in our own transitions, sometimes too focused on where we're going to notice and appreciate where we are.'

Robert Wogan. 'For the past decade, I have accessed, explored, and worked with abandoned and repurposed industrial facilities all over Europe and the United States. Attracted primarily to what most people consider to be obsolete relics, I have been driven by a desire to document an industrial past defined by its quest for permanence.'

St. Bartholomew's Church, Plzen, Czech Republic. Images. 'St. Bartholomew's Church is an outstanding building dating from the late 13th to early 16th century. It combines three developmental Gothic features on the principle of a three-part nave entrance hall. It is the dominant architectural feature of the city. Building of the cathedral commenced at the end of the 13th century with the presbytery, now no longer standing ... '

Plzen Historical Underground. 'Plzen's historical underground was begun during the 13th century and finished during the 19th century. The underground is constituted by two or three level cellars, that were used for preserving food, for manufactures, for malt-houses and wine-vaults. These cellars were also used for technical purposes as galleries bringing water to the water supply tower and as sewage and wells. The oldest houses were located in the front parts of the lots, in the back-yards were situated stables, sheds, free yards and wells. Large number of wells at a restricted area dissolved the level of bottom/lower water in the whole town. Dry wells were secondarily used as cesspools. '

Yamamura Toyonari. 'Best known for his prints and paintings of kabuki actors, Yamamura Toyonari made an early contribution to the shin hanga movement. Born with the name Yoshitaka, Toyonari studied with Ogata Gekko, a Meiji printmaker and painter. After graduating from the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1907, he exhibited at the first government sponsored Bunten show that year. He used the artist's name 'Koka' for his paintings and lithographs.'
Flowers of the Theatrical World.

Yoshikawa Kanpo. Japanese actor prints.

Ugandan Asians in Devon. 'Its just over thirty years since the arrival of the Ugandan Asians in Devon. During October 1972, nearly 2500 people arrived at the resettlement camps - at Heathfield near Honiton and Plaisterdown near Tavistock ... '

Life on the Road as a Romany Gypsy in Devon. 'I am a member of a Romany Gypsy family and have travelled around England for most of my life. I have therefore attended various schools and never really fitted in always being the "New Girl". '
'I often used to walk around the playground by myself, playing imaginary games instead of playing Tag or some such game with the rest of the children as when it came to teams I was always one of the last to be picked...'

19th March

Clementine Lunar Image Browser. 'Below is an image of the moon derived from data accumulated by the Clementine satellite. This interface allows you to view an image of the moon, centered on whatever point you indicate by clicking on the image below. In addition you may select from a variety of resolutions and image sizes. You may also retrieve a copy of the actual data returned by the satellite from which the multi-resolution images are derived by using the form in the bottom section of this page. '

Woman's Mysteries of a Primitive People, 1915. 'This is an ethnography of the Iboibo, a Nigerian tribe. Written by a pioneering English woman in the early 20th Century, this book focuses on the ritual life of women. Despite the naïve colonialist attitude, it presents a female perspective which was seldom seen in the ethnographic literature of the period. '

Tibetan Art from the Kham Aid Foundation. 'Kham is the Tibetan name for the eastern third of the Tibetan plateau. While the culture and history of Kham are closely connected to those of central Tibet, the region has many special features. Khampas are known for their warlike spirit and rich, diverse culture. '

Photos of Japan by Joeri De Rocker.

The Glory of Byzantium. 'The Metropolitan Museum of Art's on-line exploration of Byzantium was created in conjunction with the international loan exhibition The Glory of Byzantium (March 11 - July 6, 1997), which celebrated the art of the second golden age of Byzantine art (843­1261). This on-line exploration moves beyond the time frame of the exhibition and includes examples of art from the first golden age of Byzantine art (324­730) and the late period, which ended with the Turkish conquest in 1453.'

SS Anglo Saxon's Jolly Boat. 'On 6 August 1940 the merchant ship SS Anglo Saxon left Newport, Wales, carrying a cargo of coal to Bahia Blanca, Argentina. Her crew numbered 41 officers and men, and she was armed with one deck gun. On 8 August she joined the outward-bound Liverpool Convoy OB 195. Several days later she left the convoy and proceeded independently to Bahia Blanca. The voyage was uneventful until on the night of 21 August she encountered the German armed merchant raider Widder approximately 800 miles west of the Canary Islands... '

The Imperial War Museum at Duxford. British aviation history.

Counting the Cracks. A great online comic.

The Daily Outrage. Opinion column from the Nation.

Robert: A Hermit Praying in the Ruins of a Roman Temple. 'Sunlight penetrates the dim interior of the vast and crumbling ruins of an imaginary Roman basilica, illuminating a hermit monk who kneels and prays at the foot of a stone altar. To the right, three village girls sneak into the private sanctuary to steal flowers from a makeshift shrine. On the other side of a wall, a fourth girl tries to distract the hermit from his prayers by tickling him with a long branch. So absorbed is the monk in his daily devotions that he neither sees nor hears the frivolity occurring behind him. '

Lopez y Portana: Saint Sebastian Tended by Saint Irene. 'This painting illustrates the Roman widow Irene nursing Saint Sebastian back to health after he was discovered to be a Christian and shot with arrows by Roman archers. Writhing in pain, Saint Sebastian looks heavenward as Saint Irene pulls arrows from his pierced body. Vicente López y Portaña dynamically composed the figure of Sebastian, with one arm tied above his head and his other arm held by an attendant, in order to more clearly display the wounds on his upper body and to allude to the martyrdom of Christ. Sebastian's bent leg reveals the bleeding gash from which Irene has already removed one arrow. As she leans toward Sebastian's knee, she carefully pulls the saint's flesh in order to extract a second arrow. In the foreground, the depiction of the armor and weapons Sebastian wore as a military captain signals that this event occurred in ancient Rome. '

18th March

Art of the People. 'A newly sharpened social and political awareness dominated the prints and drawings of the period between 1912 and 1948. Artists of the period felt a strong affinity for the common people and argued that prints should be not just for the wealthy but treated, as they once had been, as a product for the many. Stylistically, many artists chose a modified realism as a means of expression more accessible to the general public, rather than the European avant garde. Technically, lithography, which could more easily yield larger editions than other original media, flourished. Other methods, such as the silkscreen, were transmuted from commercial use to fine arts media for the production of large, colorful, and inexpensive editions. Such new concepts of the production, marketing, and reproduction of original works of art offered the public access to an entire generation's artistic output and promoted the relevance of fine art to everyday life. In Mexico, in a striking parallel manifestation of this same populist impulse, a vibrant public art reflecting the life and history of the Mexican people sprang up in the 1920s as a cultural legacy of the Mexican Revolution ... '

Soup du Jour of the Day. Great weblog.

Garden Spot. A green-fingered weblog.

The World of Scholars' Rocks: Gardens, Studios, and Paintings. 'Rocks have long been admired in China as an essential feature in gardens. By the early Song dynasty (960-1279), small ornamental rocks were also collected as accoutrements of the scholar's study, and the portrayal of rocks, often joined by an old tree or bamboo, became a favorite and enduring pictorial genre. Particularly admired are stones that have been sculpted by natural processes of erosion-or that appear natural even if they have been artfully enhanced by man-as embodiments of the transformational powers of nature.'
Gallery here.

Joe David: Wolves at the Door. Inuit artist.

Peep Show Stories. 'A Seattle peep-show girl shares stories of her customers and adventures stemming from her bare-it-all behavior.'

I Used to Believe. 'i used to believe is a collection of ideas that adults thought were true when they were children. it will remind you what it was like to be a child, fascinated and horrified by the world in equal parts. the following pages will reassure you that the things you used to believe weren't so strange after all...'

The Brand America Project. 'It used to be a joke, and not really a subtle one: America™, the world's "greatest democracy" reduced to a sales meme of the same order as Burger King or Ben & Jerry's. But times have changed - no? - and the term Brand America is now used without embarrassment or even irony. Branding is the new national megaproject, as serious as the guns-and-ammo war on terror or the quest to inflate a new bull market ... '

Images of Asteroids and Comets from JPL.

Hausa Folklore, by Maalam Shaihua, 1913. Stories from Nigeria.

Jan van der Hoeven: Photos of Japan.

Tibetan Art from the Hahn Cultural Foundation.

Online Picasso Project. Life and work.

Beazley Archive of Classical Art at Oxford. Huge and impressive.

Going Back to Iowa: The World of Grant Wood. American art.
'Going back to Iowa, for Grant Wood, was the formative experience in his artistic life. It was the return to his home state that prompted his painting to take a distinctive turn--towards regionalism, towards American subjects, towards the nineteenth century, towards an affectionate and yet ironic vision of his country and its history. His American audience is borne back alongside him, in time as well as in space, to an idealized world of memory; it is a place that most have not seen but one that we, as Americans, remember as our own. '
'Grant Wood undeniably played to his American audience. He cast himself in the part of the midwestern farmer, a character in myth-laced agrarian world he had created. Almost without exception, Wood wore overalls for photographs. Most of the pictures preserved of the Iowan artist suggest that he spent his days in his studio clad in the sort of garb his famous farmer of American Gothic wore; that farmer, actually Wood's dentist, stands with calm menace, defending the home that immediately--upon its unveiling at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1930-- become an icon for middle America with all its positive and negative connotations. It seems no coincidence that Wood, defender of the regionalism movement and public denouncer of artistic colonialism, would choose visually to ally himself with his most well-known creation, and by extension, with his farmer's implied stance. '

A New Deal for the Arts. American art. 'During the depths of the Great Depression of the 1930s and into the early years of World War II, the Federal government supported the arts in unprecedented ways. For 11 years, between 1933 and 1943, federal tax dollars employed artists, musicians, actors, writers, photographers, and dancers. Never before or since has our government so extensively sponsored the arts. '

As If! Online comic. Check out the archives.

Antihero for Hire. Online comic.

17th March

The Delight Makers, 1890.
'Adolf Bandelier was a pioneering Southwestern explorer and anthropologist. This is a novel based on his experiences with the Pueblo Native Americans of New Mexico. The ethnographic novel very rarely works as either ethnography or novel. In this case, it works as both. Not only does The Delight Makers open a door into the world of the pre-Columbian Pueblo Indians, it is also a great contribution to the literature of the Southwest.'
'The Delight Makers is a Greek tragedy of a story, in which the treachery of a woman causes a community to fall apart. As the story progresses, we become immersed in Pueblo culture, to the point where we don't even notice when Bandelier stops explaining the untranslated terms and unfamiliar customs.'

Alchemy Rediscovered and Restored, by Archibald Cockren, 1941.

Bach Digital. 'By autographs we mean the composer's hand-written music. This sites Digital Library is a pilot application that uses the Internet to give scientists, musicians, and music lovers world-wide access to materials concerning Bach autographs. For the first time, autographs and related material from various collections have been digitized and collected together in a single virtual environment. IBM sponsored the Bach Digital project, created the Web site, and provided the technology for the Digital Library. To preserve this important world heritage for future generations, IBM gave financial support for the restoration of the autographs. To give you a brief insight into the world of autographs, this Web site contains selected Bach autographs that you can view.'

J.S. Bach. 'The most extensive directory of J.S. Bach Resources on the Internet.'

Women of India: Portraits of Indian Women.

Frantisek Staud: Photos of Japan.

Voices from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection 'is an online presentation of a multi-format ethnographic field collection documenting the everyday life of residents of Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrant work camps in central California in 1940 and 1941. This collection consists of audio recordings, photographs, manuscript materials, publications, and ephemera generated during two separate documentation trips supported by the Archive of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center). '
'Todd and Sonkin, both of the City College of New York (currently the City College of the City University of New York), took disc recording equipment supplied by the Archive of American Folk Song to Arvin, Bakersfield, El Rio, Firebaugh, Porterville, Shafter, Thornton, Visalia, Westley, and Yuba City, California. In these locales, they documented dance tunes, cowboy songs, traditional ballads, square dance and play party calls, camp council meetings, camp court proceedings, conversations, storytelling sessions, and personal experience narratives of the Dust Bowl refugees who inhabited the camps. '

Near Life Experience.

Zwol: Strange and Beautiful. Online comic.

Studio Tuesday. Online comic.

Images from the Spitzer Space Telescope.

Images of Planet Earth.

Hans Krueger: Photos of Japan.

Tibetan Art from the Erie Art Museum.

Musee de la Musique. In French.

Images from the National Music Museum.

Limited Space. Online comic.

Errant Story. Online comic.

Pretty Magic. Online comic.

The Guy I Almost Was. Online comic story.

16th March

Yoshitoshi Tsukioka. 'Yoshitoshi Tsukioka was the last and greatest genius of ukiyo-é. Born in the dying years of the Tokogawa Shogunate, he lived his adult life in the Meiji era of modernisation. Influenced by Western art, he strove to prevent the loss of traditional Japanese structures and values, devoting most of his work to reminding the Japanese who he felt they were, and should be. His innovations in composition and line, his ability to capture a personality or a moment in time, are unique in Japanese woodblock printing, and rare in the history of art.'

Irises - from Ogata Korin. 'The son of a rich Kyoto silk merchant of samurai background, Ogata Korin originated the Rimpa style of painting. He was deeply influenced by the Sotatsu-Koetsu school: not surprising, as he was related to both Koetsu and Sotatsu. Ogata is best-known for his screens, bold designs and striking contrasts on a gold background. His most famous works are the Iris Screen (above) and the Eight Bridges screen. His younger brother, Ogata Kenzan, was a pioneering ceramic artist, and they often worked together.'

A Sightseer's Guide to Engineering around the USA.

Hunkin's Experiments. 'Cool cartoons that will have you experimenting with food, light, sound, clothes, and a whole lot more! Hundreds of cartoon experiments from cartoonist, broadcaster and engineer Tim Hunkin.' These 'rudiments of wisdom' appeared in the Observer newspaper in the 1970s and 1980s - what a treat to find them again.

Fine Art Photos of Abstract Black and White Flowers And Abstract Photos of Painterly Flowers in Colour.

Artistic Photography of Greece.

Lewisham Voices. Memories of a London borough. 'These images and personal recollections have been gathered from individuals and groups who took part in the Lewisham Voices project. They have been compiled from the family albums and stories of people who live, work or are involved in community activities in the borough. Together they give a fascinating insight into some of the memories and experiences, happy and sad, that help to make Lewisham what it is today.'

Kent State University, 4th May Collection. 'Welcome to the Department of Special Collections & Archives at Kent State University and to the May 4 Collection which encompasses an integral part of our archive. Kent State University was placed in an international spotlight after a tragic end to a student demonstration against the Vietnam War and the National Guard on May 4, 1970. Shortly after noon on that Monday, 13 seconds of rifle fire by a contingent of 28 Ohio National Guardsmen left four students dead, one permanently paralyzed, and eight others wounded. Not every student was a demonstration participant or an observer. Some students were walking to and from class. The closest student wounded was 30 yards away from the Guard, while the farthest was nearly 250 yards '
'In the memory of the four slain students, Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder, we have created this website for you to inquire into how such an event could take place, to learn the vital lessons wrought from the violence on that spring day; and to reflect on ways to manage conflict among peoples, groups and nations. '

Vintage Poster Art of New Jersey.

The Mirror Project: Dogs.

Illegal Art. 'Freedom of Expression in the Corporate Age.'

Investigating the Renaissance. 'This interactive program demonstrates the ways in which computer technology can be harnessed to add to our knowledge about Renaissance paintings and how they were made.'

L'Oeuvre Notre-Dame, Strasbourg. Gothic cathedral. Images and history.

Slugger O'Toole. A weblog about Northern Ireland politics and culture.

Yes, Virginia, There Is a Santa Claus. From 1897 :-
'Dear Editor -
'I am 8 years old. Some of my little friends say there is no Santa Claus. Papa says, "If you see it in The Sun, it's so." Please tell me the truth, is there a Santa Claus?'
'Virginia O'Hanlon'

The Recycling Religion.

Ota Masamitsu (1892-1975), 'also known as Ota Gako, designed numerous actor prints during the latter part of the shin hanga movement. Ota's designs illustrate the trend towards realistic portraiture in Japanese actor prints. His prints are comparable in quality to those of his contemporary, Natori Shunsen; however, his work has not received the same attention from collectors, and thus his prints are hard to find today.'
Figures of the Modern Stage in Their Most Famous Roles.

Tadamasa Ueno '1904-1970) is known for his dramatic kabuki actor prints, many of which bear a resemblance to the highly stylized figures of ukiyo-e. Born with the name Ueno Kitsumi, he studied from an early age with Torii Kiyotada (Torii VII). The Torii family was a long line of artists closely associated with the kabuki theater and with printmaking since the 17th century. Another member of the famous Torii family, Torii Kotondo, was designing prints around the same time. As was traditional at that time, his artist name Tadamasa was partially derived from his teacher's name, both containing the syllable tada.'

The House of Fame, by Chaucer.
'... I sawgh anoon-right hir figure
Naked fletinge in a see.
And also on hir heed, parde,
Hir rose-garlond whyt and reed,
And hir comb to kembe hir heed ... '

The Legend of Good Women, by Chaucer.