The Guardian's Century.
Stories from the twentieth
century, documented in an online series by the Guardian
Cut the Knot. Interactive
mathematics miscellany and puzzles.
'Raymond Smullyan, a Mathematician, Philosopher and author of several
outstanding books of logical puzzles, tells, in one of his books, a
revealing story. A friend invited him for dinner. He told Smullyan that
his teenage son was crazy about Smullyan's books and could not wait to
meet him. The friend warned Smullyan not to mention that he is a
Mathematician and that Logic is a part of Mathematics because the young
fellow hated Mathematics. '
'Having told this story, would it be wise to announce up front what this
site is about? Perhaps against a better judgement, I've put together a
manifesto that aims to explain the purpose of this site ... '
The Vincent van Gogh Gallery.
'Welcome to The Vincent van Gogh Gallery. For nearly eight years now
I've worked hard to ensure that this website remains the most thorough
and comprehensive Van Gogh resource on the World Wide Web. To the right
is a table detailing the contents of the entire site. I'm proud to say
that I have the privilege of displaying 100% of Vincent van Gogh's works
and letters--a complete, online catalogue raisonné of Van Gogh's oeuvre.
As you explore these pages, you'll see the culmination of thousands of
hours of work. But that's just the beginning . . . . '
Watergate dot info. An
extremely comprehensive resource.
' "Watergate" is a general term used to describe a complex web of
political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word specifically refers
to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. '
'Watergate has entered the political lexicon as a term synonymous
with corruption and scandal, yet the Watergate Hotel is one of
Washington's plushest hotels. Even today, it is home to former Senator
Bob Dole and was once the place where Monica Lewinsky laid low. It was
here that the Watergate Burglars broke into the Democratic Party's
National Committee offices on June 17, 1972. If it had not been for the
alert actions of Frank Wills, a security guard, the scandal may never
have erupted ... '
Chiura Obata 'was a
well-known Japanese-American artist who designed a series of 35
woodblock prints in 1930. Although titled the World Landscape Series,
the majority of the prints are views of Yosemite National Park in
'was a leading figure in the 'shin hanga' (or new print) movement. He
worked primarily as a painter until his late forties when he became
fascinated with woodblock printing. After working with the Watanabe
print shop for several years, Yoshida decided to fund his own workshop.
Unlike ukiyo-e artists, he was intimately involved in all parts of the
printmaking process. He designed the key blocks, chose the colors for
the prints, and supervised the printers. In some cases, he even helped
to carve the printing blocks. This was unusual, considering the
traditional division of labor between designer, carver, and printer at
that time.' Print gallery.
Seals and signatures.
Anno Atomi: Growing Up
with the Atom. 'As a small boy, scientists, jet pilots, and Captain
Midnight were my heros; airplanes, rocket sleds, atoms and astronomy
were some of my amazements. I had a nice collection of model planes and
rockets. I loved the rockets aerodynamic shapes and the pictures of
their fiery takeoffs. Of course I had no idea of the weapon their full-
sized counterpart had been designed to carry nor anything of its
'That is, until 4:30 a.m. on a dark summer morning in 1957. We were
returning from a visit with my grandparents in California, riding in my
uncle's 1956 Oldsmobile. He had decided to drive at night to avoid the
hot desert sun of Death Valley. Unknown to us the Nevada Test Site was
just behind us on our left. '
'Suddenly, a startling, unknown, gigantic brilliance lit up the
darkness, growing much brighter than the friendly noon-day sun, and now,
instead of darkness, as far as you could see into the distance,
everything was lit up with a stark whiteness. The desert was now
completely visible, cactus, bushes, sand. I could see mountains off in
the distance and they were lit up. We tried quickly to understand what
was happening ... '
Circles of Stone. 'These
pages contain lots of useful information on a hundred stone circles
across the UK. Details on how to get to them, quality of the site,
excavation findings and astronomical data are all included. '
Ancient Stones. A photographic guide to the stone rows and stone
circles of Britain.
'The majority of surviving megalithic sites in the UK are to be found in
undeveloped areas in the countryside, hills and mountains. Many are in
beautiful settings making them very pleasant to visit and explore, these
pages describe days out visiting such locations. '
'I photograph modern ruins because I find it disturbing to find familiar
objects and technology to be abandoned. I'm reminded that nothing is
permanent, that everything is always in a state of transition. And we
see ourselves in our own transitions, sometimes too focused on where
we're going to notice and appreciate where we are.'
Robert Wogan. 'For the past decade,
I have accessed, explored, and worked with abandoned and repurposed
industrial facilities all over Europe and the United States. Attracted
primarily to what most people consider to be obsolete relics, I have
been driven by a desire to document an industrial past defined by its
quest for permanence.'
St. Bartholomew's Church, Plzen, Czech Republic.
Images. 'St. Bartholomew's Church is an outstanding building dating from
the late 13th to early 16th century.
It combines three developmental Gothic features on the principle of a
three-part nave entrance hall. It is the dominant architectural feature
of the city. Building of the cathedral commenced at the end of the 13th
century with the presbytery, now no longer standing ... '
Underground. 'Plzen's historical underground was begun during the
13th century and finished during the 19th century. The underground is
constituted by two or three level cellars, that were used for preserving
food, for manufactures, for malt-houses and wine-vaults. These cellars
were also used for technical purposes as galleries bringing water to the
water supply tower and as sewage and wells. The oldest houses were
located in the front parts of the lots, in the back-yards were situated
stables, sheds, free yards and wells. Large number of wells at a
restricted area dissolved the level of bottom/lower water in the whole
town. Dry wells were secondarily used as cesspools. '
'Best known for his prints and paintings of kabuki actors, Yamamura
Toyonari made an early contribution to the shin hanga movement. Born
with the name Yoshitaka, Toyonari studied with Ogata Gekko, a Meiji
printmaker and painter. After graduating from the Tokyo School of Fine
Arts in 1907, he exhibited at the first government sponsored Bunten show
that year. He used the artist's name 'Koka' for his paintings and
Flowers of the Theatrical World.
Ugandan Asians in Devon.
'Its just over thirty years since the arrival of the Ugandan Asians in
During October 1972, nearly 2500 people arrived at the resettlement
camps - at Heathfield near Honiton and Plaisterdown near Tavistock ... '
Life on the Road as a Romany Gypsy in Devon.
'I am a member of a Romany Gypsy family and have travelled around
England for most of my life. I have therefore attended various schools
and never really fitted in always being the "New Girl". '
'I often used to walk around the playground by myself, playing imaginary
games instead of playing Tag or some such game with the rest of the
children as when it came to teams I was always one of the last to be
Lunar Image Browser. 'Below is an image of the
moon derived from data accumulated by the Clementine
satellite. This interface allows you to view an image
of the moon, centered on whatever point you indicate
by clicking on the image below. In addition you may
select from a variety of resolutions and image sizes.
You may also retrieve a copy of the actual data
returned by the satellite from which the
multi-resolution images are derived by using the form
in the bottom section of this page. '
Mysteries of a Primitive People, 1915. 'This is an
ethnography of the Iboibo, a Nigerian tribe. Written
by a pioneering English woman in the early 20th
Century, this book focuses on the ritual life of
women. Despite the naïve colonialist attitude, it
presents a female perspective which was seldom seen in
the ethnographic literature of the period. '
Art from the Kham Aid Foundation. 'Kham is the
Tibetan name for the eastern third of the Tibetan
plateau. While the culture and history of Kham are
closely connected to those of central Tibet, the
region has many special features. Khampas are known
for their warlike spirit and rich, diverse culture. '
Glory of Byzantium. 'The Metropolitan Museum of
Art's on-line exploration of Byzantium was created in
conjunction with the international loan exhibition The
Glory of Byzantium (March 11 - July 6, 1997), which
celebrated the art of the second golden age of
Byzantine art (8431261). This on-line exploration
moves beyond the time frame of the exhibition and
includes examples of art from the first golden age of
Byzantine art (324730) and the late period, which
ended with the Turkish conquest in 1453.'
Anglo Saxon's Jolly Boat. 'On 6 August 1940 the
merchant ship SS Anglo Saxon left Newport, Wales,
carrying a cargo of coal to Bahia Blanca, Argentina.
Her crew numbered 41 officers and men, and she was
armed with one deck gun. On 8 August she joined the
outward-bound Liverpool Convoy OB 195. Several days
later she left the convoy and proceeded independently
to Bahia Blanca. The voyage was uneventful until on
the night of 21 August she encountered the German
armed merchant raider Widder approximately 800 miles
west of the Canary Islands... '
A Hermit Praying in the Ruins of a Roman Temple.
'Sunlight penetrates the dim interior of the vast and
crumbling ruins of an imaginary Roman basilica,
illuminating a hermit monk who kneels and prays at the
foot of a stone altar. To the right, three village
girls sneak into the private sanctuary to steal
flowers from a makeshift shrine. On the other side of
a wall, a fourth girl tries to distract the hermit
from his prayers by tickling him with a long branch.
So absorbed is the monk in his daily devotions that he
neither sees nor hears the frivolity occurring behind
y Portana: Saint Sebastian Tended by Saint Irene.
'This painting illustrates the Roman widow Irene
nursing Saint Sebastian back to health after he was
discovered to be a Christian and shot with arrows by
Roman archers. Writhing in pain, Saint Sebastian looks
heavenward as Saint Irene pulls arrows from his
pierced body. Vicente López y Portaña dynamically
composed the figure of Sebastian, with one arm tied
above his head and his other arm held by an attendant,
in order to more clearly display the wounds on his
upper body and to allude to the martyrdom of Christ.
Sebastian's bent leg reveals the bleeding gash from
which Irene has already removed one arrow. As she
leans toward Sebastian's knee, she carefully pulls the
saint's flesh in order to extract a second arrow. In
the foreground, the depiction of the armor and weapons
Sebastian wore as a military captain signals that this
event occurred in ancient Rome. '
Art of the People. 'A newly sharpened social and political
awareness dominated the prints and drawings of the period between
1912 and 1948. Artists of the period felt a strong affinity for the
common people and argued that prints should be not just for the wealthy
but treated, as they once had been, as a product for the many.
Stylistically, many artists chose a modified realism as a means of
expression more accessible to the general public, rather than the
European avant garde. Technically, lithography, which could more easily
yield larger editions than other original media, flourished. Other
methods, such as the silkscreen, were transmuted from commercial use
to fine arts media for the production of large, colorful, and inexpensive
editions. Such new concepts of the production, marketing, and
reproduction of original works of art offered the public access to an
entire generation's artistic output and promoted the relevance of
fine art to everyday life. In Mexico, in a striking parallel
manifestation of this same populist impulse, a vibrant public art
reflecting the life and history of the Mexican people sprang up in the
1920s as a cultural legacy of the Mexican Revolution ... '
The World of Scholars' Rocks: Gardens, Studios, and Paintings. 'Rocks
have long been admired in China as an essential feature in gardens. By the
early Song dynasty (960-1279), small ornamental rocks were also collected
as accoutrements of the scholar's study, and the portrayal of rocks,
often joined by an old tree or bamboo, became a favorite and enduring
pictorial genre. Particularly admired are stones that have been
sculpted by natural processes of erosion-or that appear natural even
if they have been artfully enhanced by man-as embodiments of the
transformational powers of nature.' Gallery
Peep Show Stories. 'A Seattle
peep-show girl shares stories of her customers and adventures stemming
from her bare-it-all behavior.'
I Used to Believe. 'i used
to believe is a collection of ideas that adults thought were true when
they were children. it will remind you what it was like to be a child,
fascinated and horrified by the world in equal parts. the following pages
will reassure you that the things you used to believe weren't so strange
The Brand America Project. 'It used to be a joke, and not really a
subtle one: America™, the world's "greatest democracy" reduced to a sales
meme of the same order as Burger King or Ben & Jerry's. But times have
changed - no? - and the term Brand America is now used without
embarrassment or even irony. Branding is the new national megaproject,
as serious as the guns-and-ammo war on terror or the quest to inflate a
new bull market ... '
Back to Iowa: The World of Grant Wood. American
art. 'Going back to Iowa, for Grant Wood, was the
formative experience in his artistic life. It was the
return to his home state that prompted his painting to
take a distinctive turn--towards regionalism, towards
American subjects, towards the nineteenth century,
towards an affectionate and yet ironic vision of his
country and its history. His American audience is
borne back alongside him, in time as well as in space,
to an idealized world of memory; it is a place that
most have not seen but one that we, as Americans,
remember as our own. '
'Grant Wood undeniably played to his American
audience. He cast himself in the part of the
midwestern farmer, a character in myth-laced agrarian
world he had created. Almost without exception, Wood
wore overalls for photographs. Most of the pictures
preserved of the Iowan artist suggest that he spent
his days in his studio clad in the sort of garb his
famous farmer of American Gothic wore; that farmer,
actually Wood's dentist, stands with calm menace,
defending the home that immediately--upon its
unveiling at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1930--
become an icon for middle America with all its
positive and negative connotations. It seems no
coincidence that Wood, defender of the regionalism
movement and public denouncer of artistic colonialism,
would choose visually to ally himself with his most
well-known creation, and by extension, with his
farmer's implied stance. '
New Deal for the Arts. American art. 'During the
depths of the Great Depression of the 1930s and into
the early years of World War II, the Federal
government supported the arts in unprecedented ways.
For 11 years, between 1933 and 1943, federal tax
dollars employed artists, musicians, actors, writers,
photographers, and dancers. Never before or since has
our government so extensively sponsored the arts. '
Delight Makers, 1890. 'Adolf Bandelier was a
pioneering Southwestern explorer and anthropologist.
This is a novel based on his experiences with the
Pueblo Native Americans of New Mexico. The
ethnographic novel very rarely works as either
ethnography or novel. In this case, it works as both.
Not only does The Delight Makers open a door into the
world of the pre-Columbian Pueblo Indians, it is also
a great contribution to the literature of the
'The Delight Makers is a Greek tragedy of a story, in
which the treachery of a woman causes a community to
fall apart. As the story progresses, we become
immersed in Pueblo culture, to the point where we
don't even notice when Bandelier stops explaining the
untranslated terms and unfamiliar customs.'
Digital. 'By autographs we mean the composer's
This sites Digital Library is a pilot application that
uses the Internet
to give scientists, musicians, and music lovers
world-wide access to
materials concerning Bach autographs. For the first
and related material from various collections have
been digitized and
collected together in a single virtual environment.
IBM sponsored the Bach Digital project, created the
and provided the technology for the Digital Library.
To preserve this important world heritage for future
IBM gave financial support for the restoration of the
To give you a brief insight into the world of
autographs, this Web site
contains selected Bach autographs that you can view.'
Bach. 'The most extensive directory of J.S. Bach
Resources on the Internet.'
from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert
Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection 'is an online
presentation of a multi-format ethnographic field
collection documenting the everyday life of residents
of Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrant work
camps in central California in 1940 and 1941. This
collection consists of audio recordings, photographs,
manuscript materials, publications, and ephemera
generated during two separate documentation trips
supported by the Archive of American Folk Song (now
the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife
Center). ' 'Todd and Sonkin, both of the City
College of New York (currently the City College of the
City University of New York), took disc recording
equipment supplied by the Archive of American Folk
Song to Arvin, Bakersfield, El Rio, Firebaugh,
Porterville, Shafter, Thornton, Visalia, Westley, and
Yuba City, California. In these locales, they
documented dance tunes, cowboy songs, traditional
ballads, square dance and play party calls, camp
council meetings, camp court proceedings,
conversations, storytelling sessions, and personal
experience narratives of the Dust Bowl refugees who
inhabited the camps. '
'Yoshitoshi Tsukioka was the last and greatest genius of ukiyo-é. Born
in the dying years of the Tokogawa Shogunate, he lived his adult life in
the Meiji era of modernisation. Influenced by Western art, he strove to
prevent the loss of traditional Japanese structures and values, devoting
most of his work to reminding the Japanese who he felt they were, and
should be. His innovations in composition and line, his ability to
capture a personality or a moment in time, are unique in Japanese
woodblock printing, and rare in the history of art.'
Irises - from Ogata Korin.
'The son of a rich Kyoto silk merchant of samurai background, Ogata
Korin originated the Rimpa style of painting. He was deeply influenced
by the Sotatsu-Koetsu school: not surprising, as he was related to both
Koetsu and Sotatsu. Ogata is best-known for his screens, bold designs
and striking contrasts on a gold background. His most famous works are
the Iris Screen (above) and the Eight Bridges screen. His younger
brother, Ogata Kenzan, was a pioneering ceramic artist, and they often
'Cool cartoons that will have you experimenting with food, light, sound,
clothes, and a whole lot more! Hundreds of cartoon experiments from
cartoonist, broadcaster and engineer Tim Hunkin.'
These 'rudiments of wisdom' appeared in the Observer newspaper in
the 1970s and 1980s - what a treat to find them again.
Memories of a London borough. 'These images and personal recollections
have been gathered from individuals and groups who took part in the
Lewisham Voices project. They have been compiled from the family albums
and stories of people who live, work or are involved in community
activities in the borough. Together they give a fascinating insight into
some of the memories and experiences, happy and sad, that help to make
Lewisham what it is today.'
University, 4th May Collection.
'Welcome to the Department of Special Collections & Archives at Kent
State University and to the May 4 Collection which encompasses an
integral part of our archive. Kent State University was placed in an
international spotlight after a tragic end to a student demonstration
against the Vietnam War and the National Guard on May 4, 1970. Shortly
after noon on that Monday, 13 seconds of rifle fire by a contingent of
28 Ohio National Guardsmen left four students dead, one permanently
paralyzed, and eight others wounded. Not every student was a
demonstration participant or an observer. Some students were walking to
and from class. The closest student wounded was 30 yards away from the
Guard, while the farthest was nearly 250 yards '
'In the memory of the four slain students, Allison Krause, Jeffrey
Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder, we have created this
website for you to inquire into how such an event could take place, to
learn the vital lessons wrought from the violence on that spring day;
and to reflect on ways to manage conflict among peoples, groups and
Investigating the Renaissance.
'This interactive program demonstrates the ways in which computer
technology can be harnessed to add to our knowledge about Renaissance
paintings and how they were made.'
There Is a Santa Claus. From 1897 :-
'Dear Editor -
'I am 8 years old. Some of my little friends say there is no Santa
Claus. Papa says, "If you see it in The Sun, it's so." Please tell me
the truth, is there a Santa Claus?'
(1892-1975), 'also known as Ota Gako, designed numerous actor prints
during the latter part of the shin hanga movement. Ota's designs
illustrate the trend towards realistic portraiture in Japanese actor
prints. His prints are comparable in quality to those of his
contemporary, Natori Shunsen; however, his work has not received the
same attention from collectors, and thus his prints are hard to find
Figures of the Modern Stage in Their Most Famous Roles.
'1904-1970) is known for his dramatic kabuki actor prints, many of which
bear a resemblance to the highly stylized figures of ukiyo-e. Born with
the name Ueno Kitsumi, he studied from an early age with Torii Kiyotada
(Torii VII). The Torii family was a long line of artists closely
associated with the kabuki theater and with printmaking since the 17th
century. Another member of the famous Torii family, Torii Kotondo, was
designing prints around the same time. As was traditional at that time,
his artist name Tadamasa was partially derived from his teacher's name,
both containing the syllable tada.'
The House of Fame, by Chaucer.
'... I sawgh anoon-right hir figure
Naked fletinge in a see.
And also on hir heed, parde,
Hir rose-garlond whyt and reed,
And hir comb to kembe hir heed ... '