Cathedral. A medieval English cathedral; with a virtual
tour and history.
'900 years ago the Normans began to build the original
church. It was rebuilt and enlarged between the 13th
and 15th centuries and became the 'Civic Church' with
strong links with the merchants and guilds
Just over 100 years ago the Victorian Architect,
Raphael Brandon magnificantly restored and, in places,
rebuilt the church, including the addition of a 220ft
spire ... '
'Kamagasaki, is the largest slum in Japan. Located in
the south end of downtown Osaka, Kamagasaki is a one
square kilometer "city within a city". It is the home
to some thirty thousand day labor workers, some three
thousand homeless, and close to ninety yakuza
(Japanese Mafia) offices. There are almost no social
benefits for the people in Kamagasaki, and like the
elderly workers that live here, the town is dying.
I started to photograph this town back in 1989.
Originally, I thought that by showing the Japanese the
truth about this "city", that no "normal" Japanese
would enter, I could help the people regain a "normal"
life ... '
Prisbrey's Bottle Village. 'You have arrived at
the home page for Grandma Prisbrey's Bottle Village.
This folk art environment is the single handed work of
self taught senior citizen Tressa "Grandma " Prisbrey.
'Located in Simi Valley California, Bottle Village is
lauded by art scholars, The State of California, The
National Register of Historic Places and in
exhibitions, as a major artistic achievement. '
'Unfortunately, Grandma Prisbrey's Bottle Village is
disintegrating. The 1994 Northridge earthquake struck
8 miles away and badly damaged the Village. We hope
this web site will get the word out that help is
needed now. Furthermore, it's a wonderful way for you
to become educated, enlightened, and entertained by a
remarkably inventive everyday woman and her famous
creation ... ' Images.
Walam Olum, 1995. 'This controversial work is
purportedly a translation of a sequence of pictographs
which give the epic of the Delawares, a tribe which
lived in the central Eastern seaboard. Taken at face
value, this would be one of the few actual written
texts from Native North America, including a clear
account of an eastward migration over the 'stone-hard
water'. The source of the document, as well as aspects
of the Delaware text, and some of the historical
episodes have been called into question. I'm not going
to rehash this discussion here, but offer some
comments based on the content of the text ... '
The Book of Sand.
A hypertext/puzzle, written by Jorge Luis Borges. 'Welcome! This web
site contains, in eight randomly numbered pages, the text of Jorge Luis
Borges' story The Book of Sand (as translated by Norman Thomas di
Giovanni), with pictures and animations based on old engravings and
photographs. It is, I hope, an intriguing presentation of one of Borges'
lesser-known works. But it also offers a unique opportunity for readers
to interact with the story.' 'The Book of Sand site is a hypertext,
with a nonlinear structure and dynamic images. This story is well-suited
for such a presentation, since it deals with a supernatural book whose
many pages are in no discernible order. And the story's spare, haunting
atmosphere comes through clearly, if not more strongly, when it is read
in short, random fragments. But the site is also a puzzle -- because
only you, the reader, can decide in what order to view the pages.
Borges' original story provides an authoritative ordering of the text,
but that authority has been removed from this version...'
'The Old Forest Pines', by Susan Fenimore Cooper. 'Just at the
point where the village street becomes a road and turns to climb the
hillside, there stands a group of pines, a remnant of the old forest.
There are many trees like these among the woods; far and near such may
be seen rising from the hills, now tossing their arms in the stormy
winds, now drawn in still and dark relief against the glowing evening
sky. Their gaunt, upright forms standing about the hill-tops, and the
ragged gray stumps of those which have fallen, dotting the smooth
fields, make up the sterner touches in a scene whose general aspect is
smiling ... '
The Friendship 7 Transcript. 'John Glenn blasted into orbit on
February 20, 1962, part of a space race between the United States and
the Soviet Union in which the Americans were lagging. The successful
completion of Glenn's mission (he orbited the Earth three times) did
much to restore American prestige worldwide...'
The Innocence Project.
'The Innocence Project at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law was
created by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld in 1992. It was set up
as and remains a non-profit legal clinic. This Project only handles
cases where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive
proof of innocence. As a clinic, students handle the case work while
supervised by a team of attorneys and clinic staff.'
'Most of our clients are poor, forgotten, and have used up all of their
legal avenues for relief. The hope they all have is that biological
evidence from their cases still exists and can be subjected to DNA
testing. All Innocence Project clients go through an extensive screening
process to determine whether or not DNA testing of evidence could prove
their claims of innocence. Thousands currently await our evaluation of
'DNA testing has been a major factor in changing the criminal justice
system. It has provided scientific proof that our system convicts and
sentences innocent people -- and that wrongful convictions are not
isolated or rare events. Most importantly, DNA testing has opened a
window into wrongful convictions so that we may study the causes and
propose remedies that may minimize the chances that more innocent people
1978 Moped Trip.
'In the summer of 1978 I undertook a 3-month 11,500-mile journey by moped from
Toronto to Alaska (USA) and back to Toronto.' 'This website contains a complete travelogue
of this trip, with over 300 photographs and a description of the trip, plus technical information
about the moped and details of the trip.' Via
Lala Raja Deen Dayal,
'pioneer Indian 19th century photographer(1844-1905). has left for us an
exquisite photographic record of British India, of a bygone Colonial era
influenced by Native Princely India- its picturesque opulence, rich
costumes, whiskered nobility, hookah bearers, royal palaces, hunts, and
parades, elephant carriages, historic events - golden moments captured
on "silver" plates for posterity.' 'It was not only in his
portraitures and "sovereign scenarios" that Lala Deen Dayal excelled.
His lens captured the culture and tradition of India's rich
architectural heritage, temples, monuments, forts, views, and memorials.
His extensive series of Indian views forms a timeless travelogue of the
country ... '
The Heritage Trail.
'The home of British heritage on the web.' Interactive map and image
library of abbeys, cathedrals, castles, ancient sites, piers etc... Very
large site, lots to see here.
Art Behind Bars 'was started in
June, 1994 by Lynne Vantriglia. An artist herself, Lynne has always
believed that everyone has some creative vein within themselves that can
be tapped, for the joy of creativity as well as for art's therapeutic
value. With that in mind, she began an art program for women in the
Monroe County Detention Center. The 2-hour art sessions are only for
inmates with good conduct. One of the goals of this program is to
complete artwork that when sold raises money for other organizations in
the community and helps to promote awareness of ART BEHIND BARS. A
class for male inmates began in November, 2001, thanks to a partnership
grant between the Florida Keys Council of the Arts, the State of
Florida, Div. of Cultural Affairs, the Fla. Arts Council, and the
National Endowment of the Arts. '
'In addition to their record of community service, they have launched
numerous successful careers in the arts, as well as cottage industries,
giving former students viable post-incarceration career paths. Many
other inmates have been able to pursue further art education upon
transfer to prison, because of their participation in the program ... '
Death Row Speaks. 'This
site serves as a voice for those condemned to death and for their
families, friends, and supporters. We are engaged in the process of
demonstrating the humanity of these individuals who are more than the
crimes for which they have been sentenced to die. '
From Windmills to Whirligigs. 'We (Karen, Natalie & Mike) were
a unique science and art connection to wind.
We found it with Vollis Simpson and his
windmill-powered whirligigs ... ' Fantastic!
Painted Pottery. 'The pottery made in Greece
between about 1000 and 300 BC has been preserved in
large quantities. Most examples come from graves
discovered not only in Greece, but also in many parts
of the Mediterranean region, particularly in Italy,
where pottery was exported in large quantities in
'The 'fine' pottery with figure decoration, especially
that made in Athens between about 625 and 300 BC, is
of great importance to archaeologists and historians
because shapes and styles of decoration can be dated
closely, often to within twenty years of manufacture.
The quality of potting and painting of the finest
examples make them attractive to collectors, and for
that reason many vases have been stolen from their
country of origin without any documentation. '
'The ability of scholars to recognise individual
painters who lived more than 2500 years ago, in the
absence of signatures and contemporary literary
documentation, has made the study of Greek
figure-decorated pottery a subject in the History of
Art. The connoisseurship of Greek, particularly
Athenian, vases is a model of excellence, combining
close personal examination of the objects with
rigorous documentation of shapes, techniques, and
styles of decoration ... '
Ghosts, & Ancestors:
Folk Religion in a Taiwanese Village. 'This book
describes the religious beliefs and practices of an
agricultural village of Southern Taiwan in the middle
1960s. The village has a temple, and some religious
activity centers there. But far more activity is
connected to the business of daily life in individual
households and groups of households. Far from the
world of organized Buddhism, Taoism, or Confucianism,
village religion centers on the spiritual forces that
local people believe impinge upon them in the form of
gods, who help them, ghosts, who trouble them, and the
family dead, who can themselves become gods and
ghosts. And underlying theme of morality prevades all
of this, but so does opportunism and manipulation.
'This book is unusual in being one of a very small
number of religion-centered ethnographies of any
Chinese population. '
Stories. 'Some call it the City of Champions,
others call it Deadmonton. We've got the Oilers and
Eskimos and Trappers, and, of course, "the" mall. We
live farther north than any sane person would even
consider... and we are proud of it. We are defined
more by a hockey player who hasn't lived here in years
than by the local heros and events that make us proud
to be from where we are from. Within the 9000+
kilometres of our metropolitan area, we all have one
thing in common. We are all Edmontonians. This site is
A Taste of
Africa has a new home. 'Taste of
Africa is my online journal intended to update my family and friends
about my life as a development
worker in this part of the Horn of Africa. I am in Somaliland, a country
longing for an
international recognition. I decided to put my stories online for my
friends, family and for those
who like me, wanted to know more ... '
'Propaganda, the systematic
dispersal of a doctrine, peaked in the United States during World War I
and World War II. The United
States government utilized propaganda measures to mobilize its citizens
and make them more aware of
the immediate tasks of preparing for war and the goal of winning the war.
In the absence of media
such as television, posters played a key role in spreading the word. Their
key to effectiveness was
that they were immediate, inexpensive, and easily understood. ' Via
Life in the
'Since late nineteenth
century, the Lingnan School of painting has exerted tremendous influence
on the painting development
of the Lingnan area, so much so that it brought forth a new movement in
Chinese painting in the
first half of the twentieth century. This was the result of the heroic
effort of Gao jianfu
(1879-195 1), Gao Qifeng (1889.-1933) and Chen Shuren (1883-1948). The
success of these three
painters was so prominent that they are hailed,as the 'Three Masters of
Lingnan'. To trace the early
styles of the painting of the Lingnan School, we shall have to study the
work of the famous flower
painters, ju Lian (1828-1904), ju Chao (1811-1865), Song Guangbao (19th
century) and Mengjinyi (19th
century. Via wood s
Antiqua Medicina from Homer to Vesalius.
'Although the Greeks created rational medicine, their work was not
always or even fully scientific in the modern sense of the term. Like
other Greek pioneers of science, the doctors were prone to think that
much more could be discovered by mere reflection and argument than by
practice and experiment. For in their time there was not yet a
distinction between philosophy and science, including medicine.
Hippocrates was the first to separate medicine from philosophy and
disprove the idea that disease was a punishment for sin. Much of the
traditional treatment for injuries and ailments practiced by the Greeks
stemmed from folk medicine, a characteristic shared by the Greeks with
other societies to this day ... '
The Doctors' Trial.
'On December 9, 1946, an American military tribunal opened criminal
proceedings against 23 leading German physicians and administrators for
their willing participation in war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In Nazi Germany, German physicians planned and enacted the "Euthanasia"
Program, the systematic killing of those they deemed "unworthy of life."
The victims included the mentally retarded, the institutionalized
mentally ill, and the physically impaired. Further, during World War II,
German physicians conducted pseudoscientific medical experiments
utilizing thousands of concentration camp prisoners without their
consent. Most died or were permanently crippled as a result. Most of the
victims were Jews, Poles, Russians, and also Roma (Gypsies). After
almost 140 days of proceedings, including the testimony of 85 witnesses
and the submission of almost 1,500 documents, the American judges
pronounced their verdict on August 20, 1947. Sixteen of the doctors were
found guilty. Seven were sentenced to death. They were executed on June
2, 1948. '
The Inventor's Finest Creation: Thomas Edison and the Making of a
Myth. 'By mid-1888, the Wizard of Menlo Park appeared to have lost a
bit of his magic. After Edison revolutionized the world with the
phonograph in 1877 and played Prometheus in his invention of the
incandescent light two years later, little had emerged from his New
Jersey invention factory that really grabbed the attention of America.
Worse yet, news just had come that a group including Alexander Bell
stood poised to release a new and improved phonograph and top Edison's
'That May, Edison, who for the past 11 years had tinkered with the
phonograph, resolved to best Bell's "graphophone." In what newspapers
soon called the "phonograph vigil," Edison locked his team into his West
Orange laboratory, not to emerge until the group could boast of the
"perfect" phonograph. Three sleepless days (or what some newspapers
exagerrated to a "sleepless, five-day orgy of toil") later, Edison's
team burst forth from the labs not only with a better phonograph, but
with America's imagination soon to be regained ... '
Machine in the Parlour: Naturalising and Standardising Labour and
Industry Through the Stereoscope. 'By the end of the 19th century, a
growing number of Americans began to question the benefits of mass
production and industrialization. They cited, among other things, the
degrading effect of industrial work on laborers, both physically and
mentally. The 1890s also saw two of the most vocal and violent outcries
against industrial labor practices in history: the Homestead Strike of
1892 and the Pullman Strike in 1894. At the same time, the factory
system was becoming one of the primary ways of defining American society
in contrast with other, especially non-European, societies. Many began
to see mechanization of almost all facets of everyday life as an
inevitable aspect of the progress of American civilization. ' 'Much
of the debate surrounding the merits and downfalls of industrialization
took place through the growing number of images, especially photographic
images, available to a wider and wider audience. Countless historians
have commented broadly on the impact that photography had on late 19th-
century American consciousness. A smaller number have discussed the
widespread presence of the stereoscope (shown on the right) in the
middle-class Victorian parlor as a quintessential source of didactic
entertainment ... '
Interurban Rail: Incorporating the Hinterlands. 'As cities developed
at odd intervals across the United States throughout the nineteenth
century they found they required infrastructures for transporting their
citizens. Mass transit was born. Most cities adopted some sort of system
that involved cars on rails. The major difference among these systems
was the method of power. A few cities adopted either steam or cable
power. While steam power was noisy and caused pollution, each was a
maintenance nightmare. Most cities relied on horses, and some of these
cities extended their lines to include outlying areas. However, the
range and pace of these lines was limited by the stamina and speed of
their horses. Additionally, an epizootic epidemic in 1872 crippled
transportation in almost every North American city ... '
in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches. 'Welcome to this
study of the santos in the 16th-century Dominican
churches of Oaxaca, Mexico. The term santos refers
both to "saints" and to the statues of the saints that
have graced Mexico's churches almost from the
beginning of the period of Christianization. Many
santos were imported from Spain or produced in Mexico
by artists of Spanish birth, but soon their production
was undertaken by the indigenous people. In the summer
of 1991, thanks to a grant from the Rockefeller
Foundation, we visited churches, chapels and coventos
in the states of Oaxaca, Yucatan, and Chiapas. 31 of
these were Dominican churches in Oaxaca, established
by the Dominican friars invited by Hernan Cortes.
'We had the opportunity to observe the interdependence
of the public and religious institutions in the towns
of the Central Valley, and in those of the Mixteca
Alta. We began our study of the polychrome art of 16th
century Oaxaca with a visit to the restored Santo
Domingo, in the state capital. There we had the great
fortune of encountering Padre Paco, the Dominican
Superior, and at that time in charge of the parish ...
Starting with San
America. '12,000 photographs of the Mid-Atlantic
states New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut from the
1850s to the 1910s, from the Robert N. Dennis
Collection of Stereoscopic Views at the New York
Public Library. The views show buildings and street
scenes in cities, towns, and villages as well as
natural landscapes. They also depict agriculture,
industry, transportation, homes, businesses, local
celebrations, natural disasters, people, and costumes.
Jingu Shrine, Kyoto. 'Emperor Kammu was born in
737 as the crown prince of Emperor Konin and ascended
to the throne in 781 as the 50th Emperor of Japan.
Realizing that the capital of Heijo was small in scale
and beneath the dignity of our country, Emperor Kammu
transfered the capital to Nagaoka in the province of
Yamashiro and, further picking the adjoining districts
of Kadono and Atago in 793 as the best possible site
for the capital, began to construct a new palace. In
the following year, the seat of government was moved
to the new capital called the Heian Capital ...
Churches of Cincinnati. 'It is possible to learn
about much of the history of Western architecture for
the past two Christian millennia by visiting a few of
the many Catholic churches of Cincinnati that were
built since 1840. During the 19th century, for the
first time, detailed and scholarly knowledge of the
architectural styles of the past developed. Architects
became fascinated with this and so was born
"historicism." This lead to what Augustus Welby Pugin,
the dedicated English spokesman for Gothic as the "one
true style," called "the carnival of architecture,"
known more commonly today under the name Ecclecticism
Rwanda: Photo Essay by Kimberlee Acquaro. 'This photo essay
documents Rwandan women's emerging rights and roles in the country's
reconciliation and reconstruction.'
'Joseline with her 5 month old son on her back works with her secretary.
Like women everywhere she struggles to balance the demands of her family
and her job.'
'Joseline survived the genocide in hiding. She returned to her village
to find that her parents, five of her siblings and her sister's family
had been slaughtered. In 1999, as a 23 year old mother of three, with
only a primary school education, she campaigned in the new government's
first elections and won her position as head of development in her
village - overseeing the public health, finance, infrastructure and
education of one of the country's poorest areas ... '
'During the Holocaust, relatively few people rescued Jews in German-
occupied Europe. Indifference, antisemitism, and fear all deterred
rescue efforts. But among those risking imprisonment and even death to
save Jews were individual Christian clergy, who hid thousands of Jewish
children in religious institutions or with willing families. In Belgium,
Father Bruno, a Benedictine monk, rescued more than 300 Jews; in France,
the Protestant pastors André Trocmé and Edouard Theis worked with local
villagers to shelter several thousand Jews in and around Le Chambon-sur-
Lignon ... '
'Dietrich Bonhoeffer was one of the few church leaders who stood in
courageous opposition to the Fuehrer and his policies. To honor his
memory, the Church Relations department of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Museum has asked Victoria Barnett, author of For the Soul of the People,
Protestant Protest Against Hitler, to write an essay about Bonhoeffer
spanning the years from the rise of Nazism until his death in the
Flossenbürg concentration camp in 1945.' 'The following story will
give the reader some sense of the conflict within the Protestant church,
as well as the remarkable response of one pastor/theologian to that
conflict and to the turmoil within the nation itself. '
Diamond Geezer. A really
great weblog with a particular focus on London life. This month, Diamond
Geezer celebrates 25 years of the Jubilee line, station by station.
Don't miss Diamond Geezer's
A-Z of London.
All Aboard: The Role of the Railroads in Protecting, Promoting and
Selling Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks. 'As late as 1850,
much of the territory west of the Mississippi was only roughly sketched
geologically and geographically. Exploratory expeditions modeled after
that of Lewis and Clark became the primary taxonomical tools for the
largely unexplored and unsettled Rocky Mountain West. Until the Civil
War interrupted these surveys, most expeditions were sponsored by the
military in order to settle territorial disputes or provide cartographic
information for proposed wagon routes. By 1867, renewed interest in
exploration for settlement and economic development emerged. Between
1867 and 1870, the United States sponsored what were known as the Great
Surveys, four extensive campaigns of comprehensive research on the
western landscape sponsored by the government but subsidized by private
enterprise as well ... '
Inland Navigation: Connecting the New Republic 1790-1840. 'Land, in
Alexis de Tocqueville's vision of Democracy in America, was one of the
primary causes that allowed a democratic republic to flourish in the New
World. The land, considered uninhabited by the encroaching Europeans,
provided a safety valve for the cities, a never-ending abundance of open
space for farming and free enterprise; it was a land where every son,
not just the eldest, could expect a homestead. The holdings of the
United States in de Tocqueville's time were rapidly expanding. Beginning
with the Treaty of Paris of 1783 in which England ceded the land from
the Appalachians to the Mississippi River to its victorious rival,
Americans pushed west. A decade later, Thomas Jefferson brought about
the Louisiana Purchase, an addition of nearly 830,000 square miles of
unexplored plains and mountains. Merriweather Lewis and William Clark
were sent by Jefferson to the Pacific coast and returned with tales of
land and wilderness that fired the eastern imagination for a century to
come. The 1840's saw the Mexican- American War and the annexation of
Texas, as well as continued migration west as settlers, gold rushers,
Mormons and adventurers followed the call of the open land ... '
Visionary Art. 'Welcome to
Visionary Art. Thanks so much for stopping by our home for what is
commonly known as Folk Art, Outsider Art or sometimes Self Taught Art.
We try to be more than just an online gallery, we strive to be an
educational source as well. '
Images of Christ.
Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection. 'Comprising
nearly 1,700 flutes and other instruments, statuary,
iconography, books, music, tutors, patents, and other
materials mostly related to the flute, the Dayton C.
Miller Flute Collection draws its holdings from all
over the world and represents the work of at least 460
European and American instrument makers. Its
highlights include 40 flutes from the workshops of
Theobald Boehm, Rudolph Greve and Carl Mendler,
Munich; a flute (DCM 0916) that once belonged to King
Frederick II of Prussia, designed by his teacher,
Joachim Quantz; numerous flutes from the respected
house of Rudall Carte, in London; 17 crystal flutes by
Claude Laurent of Paris, one (DCM 0378) made in 1813
and presented to U.S. President James Madison; a
22-karat gold flute (DCM 0010) designed and made
primarily by Dayton C. Miller himself between 1902 and
1905; more than 130 Native North and South American
flutes; seventeenth-to-eighteenth-century jade
examples from China; an elegantly decorated
early-eighteenth-century oboe (DCM 0158) by Hendrik
Richters, Amsterdam; and an early-nineteenth-century
ivory clarinet in D (DCM 0443). Recent additions
include an early-twentieth-century silver Boehm system
flute by William Meinell, New York, with original
case; a pair of silver clarinets (A and B-flat) by
William S. Haynes, Boston, with original case, from
late in the first quarter of the twentieth century; a
seventeen-keyed bassoon, from an anonymous
late-nineteenth-century maker; and a soprano
sarrusophone (DCM 1479) made by Buffet-Crampon, Paris,
ca. 1920 with original case ... '
Kyoto Shimbun News: Cherry Blossoms. 'Cherry
blossoms are called the symbol of Japanese culture,
and have been composed in many tankas (Japanese poems)
from old times. From March to April, when the news of
cherry blossoms flowering is received from south,
people go to see cherry blossoms in a body. Cherry
blossoms are in bloom in a short period. Above all,
Someiyoshino, which account for 90 percent of all
species of Japanese cherry blossoms, is in bloom only
5 days. People enjoy the beauty of the flowers, and
feel sorry for them to fall. Kyoto has many famous
sights for cherry blossoms. Please enjoy beautiful
photos of cherry blossoms. ' Photos
of festivals, autumn
leaves and snowscapes
of temples and shrines, also from the Kyoto
Tales from Scottish Myth and Legend, 1917. 'The
myths and legends of Scotland are full of what is
called "local colour". They afford us not only
glimpses of ancient times and of old habits of thought
and life, but also of the country itself at different
times of the year. In the winter season the great
mountain ranges are white with snow and many inland
lochs are frozen over, but along the west coast, which
is washed by the warm surface waters of the Atlantic
and bathed in mild moist breezes from the south-west,
there may be found sheltered and sunny spots where
wild flowers continue to bloom. The old people
believed that somewhere in the west the spirit of
Spring had its hiding-place, and they imagined this
hiding-place to be a green floating island on which
the sun always shone and flowers were always
City of Greater New York. 'In 1898, three cities
and nearly forty municipalities united to create
today's five-borough Greater New York City. The
Tribune called the Consolidation "the greatest
experiment in municipal government the world has ever
known." ... ' Online exhibit from the Museum of the
City of New York.
Photo Gallery. 'When Daguerre's discovery of the
art of photography was announced to the world in 1839,
many scientists, such as Dr. Bird of Philadelphia,
found the concept so extraordinary that they insisted
the announcement had to be a hoax. Photography was, of
course, quite real, but it has proven to be a favorite
tool of hoaxers since its invention. What follows are
some notorious photographic fakes arranged in
chronological order from the Civil War to the present.