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9th October

New post to NePlep, with some interesting tidbits from Nepal.

New puzzle on plep's puzzles. Enjoy and good luck! The next puzzle will be in about a week.

The Sullivan-Clinton Campaign. 'The Sullivan-Clinton Campaign of 1779 was the largest expedition ever before mounted against the Indians of North America. This year is its 225th anniversary. Events across New York will commemorate it...'

The Children of Odin, 1920. Illustrated. 'This is Padraic Colum's retelling of the Eddas and the Volsung Saga for young adults.'

Broadway 101. 'Welcome to Broadway 101. What you will find here is the history of The Great White Way, sectioned off by decades. The first installment tells the history of Broadway and the theatre prior to 1900. Then we begin with the period of 1900 to 1910. You can read about any decade individually or you can start at the beginning. We're currently working on the next installment. '

History of the Buffalo Bills. American football team.

The Five Points. 'Named for the points created by the intersection of Park, Worth, and Baxter streets, the neighborhood was known as a center of vice and debauchery throughout the nineteenth century. Outsiders found Five Points threatening and fodder for lurid prose. Describing a visit in 1842, Charles Dickens wrote: "This is the place: these narrow ways diverging to the right and left, and reeking every where with dirt and filth. Such lives as are led here, bear the same fruit here as elsewhere. The coarse and bloated faces at the doors have counterparts at home and all the wide world over. Debauchery has made the very houses prematurely old. See how the rotten beams are tumbling down, and how the patched and broken windows seem to scowl dimly, like eyes that have been hurt in drunken frays. Many of these pigs live here. Do they ever wonder why their masters walk upright in lieu of going on all-fours? and why they talk instead of grunting?" The archaeological excavation of the Foley Square courthouse block provided the opportunity to examine the physical remains of life in this infamous place. This virtual exhibit begins to tell the story of what was found. '

Hung Li Internet Art Gallery. 'The Hungli Internet Gallery was created from 1st October (National Day of China), 1997 by our Webmaster, Mr. NG Kwok-Ming to exhibit members' work which include : Chinese-painting, oil-painting, pastels, watercolour ,calligraphy and other varieties. '
'The majority of our members are Hong Kong artists, but quite a number are those from various provinces of China. '

Hong Kong: Between Two Worlds. The 1997 handover, with many good links. 'In "Between Two Worlds," CNN Interactive provides a multimedia-rich overview of Hong Kong's historic 1997 transition from British colony to the world's first "Special Administrative Region." '

The Asclepion. Dedicated to the study of ancient medicine.

Trakoscan Castle, Croatia. Home of the Draskovic family.

Ivan Mestrovic Foundation. ' In 1952, a contract of donation was concluded between Ivan Mestrovic and the People's Republic of Croatia, by means of which Ivan Mestrovic donated to the people of Croatia his family house and atelier in Zagreb (later adapted into an exhibition space - the Mestrovic Atelier), the family villa with ateliers in Split (which later also became an exhibition space - the Ivan Mestrovic Gallery), the sacral and art complex Kastelet-Crikvine in Split, and the Mestrovic family vault - The Most Holy Redeemer Church near Otavice. The donation also included several Mestrovic's works of art, which became the bases of the museum holdings of the mentioned institutions ...'

8th October

Chinese Calligraphy.

The Illustrated Book: A Survey of Genres. Examples of a Book of Hours and Hebrew and Arabic manuscripts.

Takase Studios: Fine Japanese Calligraphy.

Mozart's Guided Tour. 'Welcome to Mozart's Guided Tour! This home page presentation is an attempt to touch on Mozart's life and music as if he himself were the tourguide. The presentation is certainly intended for all who are interested in the master composer, but the language used is often an attempt to maintain the interest of kids. Also, as best as possible I have tried to re-create the spontaneity and sometimes outright silliness of Mozartian prose often found in his letters. I am aware that there are many fine websites devoted exclusively to Mozart on the internet. I would like to view mine as one that is perhaps more fantasical in that you should browse with the belief that Mozart is actually guiding you through the tour. '

A Science Odyssey. PBS site, science history in the 20th century.

Digital Handsworth. History of the Birmingham, England suburb.

The Presidents of the United States. site.

The Life of Harriet Tubman. 'Harriet Ross was born into slavery in 1819 or 1820, in Dorchester County, Maryland. Given the names of her two parents, both held in slavery, she was of purely African ancestry. She was raised under harsh conditions, and subjected to whippings even as a small child. At the age of 12 she was seriously injured by a blow to the head, inflicted by a white overseer for refusing to assist in tying up a man who had attempted escape ... '

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle Online 1842-1902. 'The Brooklyn Daily Eagle was published from 1841 to 1955, then revived for a short time from 1960 to 1963. '
'Because of the enormity of the collection, the digitization of the historic Brooklyn Daily Eagle newspaper from reels of microfilm has been broken down into more than one phase. Phase I, which can at present be found on this site, covers the period from October 26, 1841 to December 31, 1902, representing half of the Eagle's years of publication. This period includes all of the years for which there is no index as well as the eleven years during which an index was published. Approximately 147,000 pages of newspaper in various digital formats are contained in this online repository. Access can be gained either by date of issue or by keyword searching. '

Behind the Brass Door. New York Times history.
'At the end of the elevator bank in the lobby of The New York Times building, there is a simple brass door that has long served as a physical and symbolic division between two distinct worlds coexisting under one roof. '
'On one side of that door, the paper is generated in the figurative sense: stories assigned, articles written, ads sold, information moved.'

7th October

George W. Bush's Resume. Via MeFi.

Bridging the Urban Landscape. 'Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, in collaboration with Common Knowledge: Pittsburgh (the former experimental networking arm of the Pittsburgh Public Schools), has created this online hypertext exhibit of some 600 historical photographs and images, accompanied by text, of Pittsburgh, its bridges and its neighborhoods. '

A Brief History of Thomas Jefferson University.

History of Jewish Latvia.

The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and Culture.

Ancient Stones. A guide to the stone circles of Britain.

Spelling Grrl: A Tribute to Rebecca Sealfon. 'Not many people would say their favorite spectator sport is a spelling bee, but then again, not very many people have seen Rebecca Sealfon spell. Out of 245 young contestants and seven hours later, Rebecca spelled euonym correctly and became the National Spelling Bee Champion. She won $5,000, a laptop computer, an encyclopedia set and a $1,000 savings bond ... '

Nguyen Thi Hop. Vietnamese artist.

Ho Thanh Duc. Vietnamese artist.

Neutrinos. All about neutrinos!

The Higgs Boson. 'When you get on the scale in the morning, you may be hoping that it registers a smaller number than the day before -- you may be hoping that you've lost weight. It's the quantity of mass in you, plus the force of gravity, that determines your weight. But what determines your mass?'

Brazil, 1500-2000. 'In April 2000 Brazil celebrated the five hundredth year since the first Portuguese landed on the coast of South America. Brazil would become not only the largest Portuguese-speaking nation in the world, but among the largest countries of any language and continent.'
'Brazilian history is not an area in which the library has deliberately or recently built up rare collections. It is a tribute to the historical importance and quality of the original South Carolina College library, and to the generosity of more recent donors, that such an exhibition can be mounted for the Thomas Cooper Library special collections, and that it includes so many significant and beautiful items ... '

Breath of Life: The History of Asthma. 'To search for answers, this exhibition examines the medical and human history of asthma. The times and places in which people live shape their experience of the disease. Healers battle it using the tools and knowledge of their time. People from all ages and walks of life are here--poets and politicians, doctors and demagogues, singers and sports heroes--all who have responded valiantly, often creatively, to the challenges of living productively with asthma. The exhibition concludes with resources for coping with asthma today, and a glimpse of what the future might bring.'

History of Kannada Language. 'Kannada is the language predominant in the state of Karnataka in India. It is also the language that we, the Kamats are most familiar with. To mark the celebration of the World Millennium Kannada Conference (held in September 2000 in Houston), I asked my mother Dr. Jyotsna Kamat, a passionate student of ancient Kannada literature to trace the History of the Kannada Language for a special feature at Kamat's Potpourri. '

Be Ky. Vietnamese artist.

How Light Works. 'We see things every day, from the moment we get up in the morning until we go to sleep at night. We look at everything around us using light. We appreciate kids' crayon drawings, fine oil paintings, swirling computer graphics, gorgeous sunsets, a blue sky, shooting stars and rainbows. We rely on mirrors to make ourselves presentable, and sparkling gemstones to show affection. But did you ever stop to think that when we see any of these things, we are not directly connected to it? We are, in fact, seeing light -- light that somehow left objects far or near and reached our eyes. Light is all our eyes can really see. '

The Life of Merlin, 1925. 'This is the Latin text and translation of a narrative of the life of Merlin by the medieval historian Geoffrey of Monmouth. '
'I am preparing to sing the madness of the prophetic bard, and a humorous poem on Merlin; pray correct the song, Robert , glory of bishops, by restraining my pen. For we know that Philosophy has poured over you its divine nectar, and has made you famous in all things, that you might serve as an example, a leader and a teacher in the world. Therefore may you favour my attempt, and see fit to look upon the poet with better auspices than you did that other whom you have just succeeded, promoted to an honour that you deserve. For indeed you habits, and your approved life, and your birth, and your usefulness to the position, and the clergy and the people all were seeking it for you, and from this circumstance happy Lincoln is just now exalted to the stars. On this account I might wish you to be embraced in a fitting song, but I am not equal to the task, even though Orpheus, and Camerinus , and Macer, and Marius, and mighty-voiced Rabirius were all to sing with my mouth and all the Muses were to accompany me. But now, Sisters, accustomed to sing with me, let us sing the work proposed, and strike the cithara ... '

Julia Child's Kitchen at the Smithsonian. She who helped to bring French cuisine into the American kitchen.

Birmingham, Alabama Public Library: Boys of Summer 1953 Online Baseball Exhibit. Baseball photo history.

Bridgeport, Connecticut History. 'That was often the response when the Historical Collections staff asked local residents if we could ask them about their work experiences in Bridgeport. "I didn't have an important job," they frequently added. Somewhat reluctantly, they finally agreed to be interviewed.'
'Later, as the tape recorder clicked off, the person being interviewed was just getting warmed up. Fascinating stories about living in Bridgeport flowed like the waters of the Pequonnock River. Included were details of an ordinary person's daily life that gave insight into the past decades, moments that were hard to visualize for any newcomer to the City.'
'What was it like to work and live in Bridgeport, Connecticut during the past century? Who else could tell us but people who worked on the line in the factories; sold goods behind the counter at a department store; taught children in the local schools; ran a travel agency, worked as a housewife, drove a truck, or ran one of the many other prosperous businesses that helped Bridgeport grow and develop.'

Yaqui Myths and Legends, 1959. 'This is a delightful collection of Yaqui folklore, illustrated with line drawings which invest Mexican folk-art motifs with quaint atomic- age cheerfulness. The Yaqui are part of the Southwestern Native American culture-group, and live in the Sonoran desert on the west coast of northern Mexico, opposite Baja California. The stories here are a mixture of ancient folklore blended with Mexican Catholic themes. Coyote and other zoomorphs walk in the same cycle of tales with figures such as Jesuschristo (who figures in several comic stories) and Columbus (who appears briefly as a villan). '

6th October

The Brest Ghetto Passport Archive. 'This monument was erected at Bronnaya Gora, near Baranovichi, about halfway along the railroad line between Brest and Minsk in Belarus. It is an early post-Soviet monument, which is why the plaque is in Belarusan and admits the fact that the victims buried at the site were "primarily of Jewish nationality." In Soviet times, the plaque would have been in Russian (the required lingua franca of the Soviet Union) and it would have been silent about the Jewish ethnicity of the victims, instead referring to them only as Soviet civilians. The use of the term "Jewish nationality" is a survival of Soviet practice when Jewishness was viewed officially as a nationality. Nationality was entered into the internal passports (identity cards) that citizens 16 years and older were required to carry with them at all times ... '

Dimensional Geographic. Speculation about two-dimensional worlds, mathematical fiction, and more.

The Floating World of Ukiyo-e. 'This exhibition showcases the Library's spectacular holdings of Japanese prints, books, and drawings from the 17th to the 19th centuries. These works are complemented by related works from the Library's collections created by Japanese and Westerns artists into the 20th century.'

The Marx and Engels Internet Archive. Comprehensive, excellent.

Victor Jara. Life and songs of the Chilean composer and folk singer murdered by the Pinochet regime.
'Well, if you are lacking in knowledge of Spanish, you have come to the right place to learn about Victor Jara. As I was looking around the web for information, I didn't come across any really good information in English on this amazing Chilean folk singer, and so I thought I would try and share the amazing songs and beautiful life of Victor Jara with even the non-spanish speaking. If you have any questions or notice any problems, please e-mail me and let me know. Thanks for coming to this page, and I really hope you learn something about Victor Jara. Due to my lack of spanish skills, I'm not going to try to transcribe any songs into English and ruin them, unless there is an already published version I can steal. I do have little descriptions/info before each song, so these can give an idea of the content of the songs, and I'll let the talent of Victor Jara bridge the language barrier. '

"Boss of the Waterfront": Wayne Morse and Labour Arbitration. American labour history.
"I would provide for high tribunals in certain designated districts of our land that would have the power of settling disputes providing labor and capital could not agree in their capacity of collective bargaining .... America wants industrial peace. It can come only through the guidance of government. An open or closed shop alone have failed, are failing and undoubtedly will fail to give that peace. Let the Government step in!" -Wayne Morse, 1921.

Bound to Please: Fine Leather Bindings. Bookbinding exhibition online.

Reclaiming the Everglades: South Florida's Natural History 1884-1934. 'Reclaiming the Everglades includes a rich diversity of unique or rare materials: personal correspondence, essays, typescripts, reports and memos; photographs, maps and postcards; and publications from individuals and the government. Major topics and issues illustrated include the establishment of the Everglades National Park; the growth of the modern conservation movement and its institutions, including the National Audubon Society; the evolving role of women on the political stage; the treatment of Native Americans; rights of individual citizens or private corporations vs. the public interest; and accountability of government as trustees of public resources, whether for the purposes of development, reclamation, or environmental protection. The materials in this online compilation are drawn from sixteen physical collections housed in the archives and special collections of the University of Miami, Florida International University and the Historical Museum of Southern Florida. '

Voices of Andrew. Hurricane Andrew.
'Early on the morning of August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew struck South Florida. Following the storm more than 1.4 million families were left without electricity; more than 107,000 private homes were damaged or destroyed; 49,000 were uninhabitable and 250,000 people were left homeless. Damages from the storm were estimated at $20 to $30 billion, making it the most costly natural disaster in American history.'
'This web site provides an online archive of approximately seventy oral history interviews with people who not only lived through Hurricane Andrew, but also experienced the subsequent recovery process in the first months after the storm. The interviews were conducted by undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Miami under the supervision of Professor Eugene F. Provenzo, Jr. Department of Teaching and Learning, School of Education, University of Miami. The web site includes not only the full text of interviews, as well as selected digital audio files. '

Boylan Hall Cornerstone Capsule. 'In 1998 while renovating the front steps of Boylan Hall, workmen came across a time capsule that had been placed in the cornerstone of the building. For two years, the box remained a mystery until President Christoph Kimmich had the box opened and unveiled its contents at a special meeting of the Faculty in September 2000. It took the college workmen approximately two hours to break the carefully soldered seal of the copper box. Because the box had been so airtight, its contents were preserved in almost perfect condition. The cornerstone box has opened up a window into the past - to Brooklyn College in the 1930's. In this exhibit we will explore the contents of the box starting with the inventory list placed inside.....'

Chinese Propaganda Posters. Online gallery.

Alan Turing. 'Founder of computer science, mathematician, philosopher, codebreaker, strange visionary and a gay man before his time.'

Szczuczyn. In memory of a Polish Jewish shtetl.

Gallery of Ukiyo-e. Japanese art.

Gallery of Shin Hanga. Japanese art, listed by artist.

"Born in the Wake of Freedom": John Mitchell Jr. and the Richmond Planet. 'The Civil War and slavery lay just seventeen years behind. One of the stormiest periods in the history of the nation was drawing to a close. The assassination of Lincoln, the turmoil of reconstruction and the Hayes-Tilden controversy were fresh in the memories of Richmonders of that day. Gathering in an upper room of a building located near the corner of Third and Broad streets thirteen former slaves (James H. Hayes, James H. Johnson, E.R. Carter, Walter Fitzhugh, Henry Hucles, Albert V. Norrell, Benjamin A. Graves, James E. Merriweather, Edward A. Randolph, William H. Andrews and Reuben T. Hill) pooled their meager resources and started America's oldest Negro newspaper on a career which was destined to play an important part in moulding the opinions of Negroes in this city, state and nation. [Richmond Planet, 5/28/1938] ... '

Radio in Virginia. 'Radio in Virginia uses the WRVA collection to explore the rise of radio in the commonwealth. Established in 1925, WRVA was one of the earliest radio stations in Virginia. Among its most memorable shows were the Corn Cob Pipe Club and the Old Dominion Barn Dance, both of which featured local talent. One component of this exhibition on radio will be a listening station that will offer speeches and music from the sound recordings in the WRVA collection. '

Virginia Roots Music: Creating and Conserving Tradition. 'In the two decades before World War II, folklorists and recording companies collected and recorded Virginia music that formed the bedrock of the country, blues, and gospel music traditions that exist today. Both the collectors and the recorders responded to fundamental changes in the economy, technology, and society of America and the South as phonographs and radio began to spread traditional musical forms to a wider audience. Early folklorists feared that radio and records would dilute the "pure" music of the American "folk" and determined to document and preserve these musical traditions before their inevitable demise. Record companies and radio stations, on the other hand, began searching out "old-time" and "race" artists to feed a growing commercial audience. Eagerly selling the music through new technology, they also marketed the songs and musicians as an expression of a more-authentic American past.'

Virginia's Coal Towns. 'In his diary on July 18, 1709, William Byrd of Westover remarked, "Tom returned from Falling Creek and brought me word all was well there and that the coaler found the coal mine very good and sufficient to furnish several generations." Coal has long been a significant part of Virginia's economy. From 1750, when coal was first shipped from Richmond to Philadelphia, Virginia's coal attracted wider markets. With the opening of the coalfields in Southwest Virginia late in the 1800s, Virginia coal fueled coke ovens supplying the steel industry. By 1948 Virginia was producing almost 20 million tons of bituminous coal a year and ranked seventh in coal-producing states ... '

Mapping Virginia. 'The history of cartography in Virginia reflects the pivotal role of the Old Dominion as a leader in much of the political, military, and economic history of the United States. In a rapidly changing society property ownership, political boundaries, economic resources, and the environment were best understood through the mapmaker's craft. The map collection at the Library of Virginia contains more than 65,000 items that include a wide variety of maps published as single items and maps produced by state agencies, as well as maps included in official reports, court records, and legislative petitions. Mapping Virginia offers a sampling of the many kinds of maps created by and for Virginians in the past 400 years. '

5th October

The Narrative. Photos by Matt O'Sullivan.
Check out p.l.e.p. = protest law education politics. Groovy!

The Yes Men. Identity correction: 'Honest people impersonate big-time criminals in order to publicly humiliate them. Targets are leaders and big corporations who put profits ahead of everything else.' There's a blog, too.

Elephant Voices. Savannah elephant vocalisation project. 'A main goal is to give easy access to years of field studies related to elephant communication - to elephant voices. Through better understanding of these magnificent mammals we can help to ensure their survival - which we think is vital for our environment, our planet in general and the well being, in different ways, of each one of us.'

Radzilow. Memorial to a once-vibrant Jewish shtetl, in Poland. Great site.

The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-89.

The Virtual Sun. A virtual tour of our star.

Hwasong Fortress in Suwon. An interesting slice of Korean history, with drawings.

Legends and Romances of Brittany, 1917. 'This is a popularized treatment of the folklore of Brittany, the Celtic region on the north-western coast of France'

Lunacharsky's Revolutionary Silhouettes. Penpix of Russian revolutionaries.

Tibet in Black and White. Photography.

How Nuclear Bombs Work.

The Oneida Community Collection. 'For more than sixty years the Library has been assembling data on social-religious movements of New York State during the nineteenth century as part of its collecting policy to include "local history"-with chief emphasis on the geographical region of Central New York within a radius of approximately fifty miles from Syracuse. '
'The main body of materials in this field consists of the papers of Gerrit Smith (1797-1874), "philanthropist and reformer," and of his father Peter Smith (1768-1837), wealthy land owner and business associate of the first John Jacob Astor. Their papers cover a wide range of subject matter-land history of New York State, commercial and social relationships with the Indians, the trading post at Old Fort Schuyler (now Utica), abolition, and a multiplicity of reforms (temperance, vegetarianism, "free" churches, socialism, inter al.). '

The Bettie Page. Many photographs of the great pin-up.

Mokele-mbembe. Cryptozoology. 'When some of the local people of the Likouala region would draw in the dirt or sand a representation of Mokele-mbembe they drew the shape of a sauropod dinosaur. Then when they were shown a picture of a sauropod dinosaur they said that picture is Mokele-mbembe.'

Early Images of the Australian Aborigines. 'All visitors to Australia mentioned the aborigines. Some studied them quite closely and to them we owe the information about their customs and languages which would otherwise have been lost. Among this material is a unique item, an exercise book containing a series of manuscript responses to a questionnaire circulated among the South Australian aborigines in 1892, giving extensive details of the customs and languages of the local tribes. The Monash Rare Book Collection holds an extensive range of early materials essential for the study of the Australian aborigines, and the responses of the early settlers with whom they came in contact. '

AIDS: An Exhibition from the Monash University Library Rare Books Collection. 'This exhibition displays material from two AIDS-related books and ephemera donated to Monash over the past two years. '

The Occult: An Exhibition from the Monash University Library Rare Book Collection. 'This exhibition displays material from the Rare Book Collection covering the fields of witchcraft, spiritualism, alchemy and mesmerism.'

From the Sands of The Sahara : Ancient Kellis and Its Texts : Monash University Excavations at Ismant el-Kharab Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt. 'The exhibition represents a summary of some of the major discoveries of a group of about 20 international researchers - including a team from Monash - working at the site of Ismant el-Kharab, ancient Kellis, in Egypt's Dakhleh Oasis. '
'A primary focus of the exhibition is written material found at the site. These include almost perfectly preserved wooden books (codices), remnants of ancient texts written on papyrus and parchment and fragments of pottery vessels, known as potsherds ... '

Absolut Wade. Blog and photoblog, very good stuff.

Introduction to Buddhist Art. BBC site.

Poems by Tu Fu. One of the Tang dynasty's greatest, and a friend of Li Po.

4th October

Die Bucher der Kunstler. 'It shows a great range of artists books currently being produced by young German artists. The genre of the "livre d'artiste", or "artist's book" is a very popular one in the US, Britain, Europe and Australia. It is the result of an artist looking at the conventions of book production and seeing what can be done within them. Often the conventions are stretched in some way, typically by using materials which make a statement about the book's content, and producing a concept ... '

French Theatre. 'The current Rare Books Exhibition features material drawn from our substantial holdings of French literature. We are particularly strong in 18th century books and we see on display works by Beaumarchais, Voltaire and Diderot, as well as some of the volumes of plates and text of the French Encyclopédie published during the 1750s and 1760s. '

Travellers in the Far East. 'This exhibition includes works from the 16th to the early 20th century, from Marco Polo to "Chinese" Morrison. There are 17th and 18th century maps of the area, and photographic albums from the 1890s.'

Japanese Noh Plays. Japanese texts and English translations.

Bruce Rogers, Designer of Books. 'In 1933, Edwin Grabhorn said, "It was Bruce Rogers' books that have influenced American and English printers more than any other recent single force." That statement still rings true today. As important as it is to know all the nuisances of the impact of technology in book design today, it is equally important to understand all that has come before. When it comes to book design, what better place to start than with Bruce Rogers. The descriptions of books in the exhibit are often from Rogers himself or from notable book-people. Many are without comment, for you to simply enjoy. '

Hubcap Creatures. 'All around us are things of beauty and value, but their attributes are interpreted very subjectively. I believe that things utilitarian, or which give pleasure to the eye have the highest value. I come across many things which have been abandoned and find something more in them than their intrinsic worthlessness. '
'Hubcaps, for instance. Aesthetic in purpose but ultimately of very little use. They're automatically rubbish when on the side of the road, but with a little effort and imagination I transform them into something which gives people a great deal more pleasure.'
'My fish try to say things about our wasteful society and about our prejudices towards value. Hopefully they will encourage people to reconsider before they discard something which apparently has no purpose. '

Self Portrait UK. Online gallery.

A Brush with History: Paintings from the National Portrait Gallery. (USA) American icons.

Buckminster Fuller's Dymaxion House.

Free Spirit Gallery. Inuit and Northwest Native American art.

Transistorised. "The Transistor was probably the most important invention of the 20th Century, and the story behind the invention is one of clashing egos and top secret research."

The Mozart Project. Mozart's life and times.

Caucasus Travelogue. Fascinating.
'The idea had been gestating in Dov's brain for some time. Two weeks in Nagorno-Karabakh in 1998 and a whirlwind visit to Transdniestria shortly before had spawned stories of people living in states with names, flags, currencies and governments of their own but without recognition. States that had been imagined, were being built, but lived outside the law. For the better part of a decade they had existed as such, and they could no longer be dismissed as accidental and temporary even though no permanent settlements were at hand...'

History of Nagasaki Foreign Settlement 1859-1941. Fascinating, if incomplete.
'The Ansei Five-Power Treaties, which came into effect in July 1859, ended Japan's long disengagement from international commercial and diplomatic networks. The treaties also provided for the establishment of designated settlements for foreigners in the five Japanese ports of Nagasaki, Kanagawa (Yokohama), Kobe, Niigata and Hakodate.'
The foreign settlements subsequently served as springboards for the modernization of Japan. During the first years, Nagasaki played a particularly important role in that it was the closest port to China and a stepping stone for the introduction to Japan of everything from second-hand steamships to bowling balls and as a gateway for coal mining, railroads, newspaper publishing, shipbuilding and other technologies.'

Burma Travelogue. 'I visited Burma (now Myanmar) in 1987 while I was doing a six month shoestring trip through central and southeast Asia. I was traveling by bus, train, boat or whatever cheap means available, often walking, but to enter Burma I had to fly in, no cross border entries were allowed. Most of what I am writing here now is remembrances of the trip and from leafing through my travel journal. '

"With an Even Hand..." 'On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court issued a decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, declaring that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." This decision was pivotal to the struggle for racial desegregation in the United States. This exhibition commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of this landmark judicial case.'

A Petal from the Rose: Illustrations by Elizabeth Shippen Green. 'When Elizabeth Shippen Green (1871-1954) won an exclusive contract as an illustrator with Harper's Monthly in 1901, she achieved a triumph that instantly elevated her into the select company of famed illustrators such as Edwin Austin Abbey (1852-1911) and Howard Pyle (1853-1911) during what is considered America's "golden age" of illustration (1880-1920). Few women attained such remarkable success in a time when men overwhelmingly dominated this highly competitive field. As one of the celebrated artistic triumvirate known as "The Red Rose Girls," Green and colleagues Jessie Willcox Smith (1863-1935) and Violet Oakley (1874-1961) became shining examples of women illustrators at the turn of the century. A Petal from the Rose is the first exhibition in decades to focus solely on Green's art, and this and the accompanying essay highlight distinctive features of her illustrations and working methods. Although her work shares similarities with that of other women in the profession, it stands apart in its scope, quality, and originality.'

Motorcycle to the Arctic Circle on a Harley. Travelogue.

Finding America. 'Finding America is a book-lenght journal of my travels from Oregon to Panama and back. It was written in the moment, and that writing characteristic has been preserved during editing. While traveling, not even I knew what would happen next, and my percecptions of events, no matter how much altered later, are preserved in the writing. If you would like to travel for three months, hitchhiking, exploring, discovering, all from the comfort of your armchair, put on your backpack and join me.'

American Weblog. 'Welcome to AmericanWeblog; part travel journal, part American chronicle, and part reflection.'
'Told through story, image, and interview, AmericanWeblog is the ongoing tale of one man in America as he travels and works around the country in search of the unique, the unusual, and the ordinary.'
'What is it that makes us Americans? What does it mean to be an American? How are things changing in this country as we move towards new moods, new technologies, and new communities at the beginning of the new millenium? What is disappearing and what is emerging? Who are the invisible?'

2nd October

New plep's puzzle - enjoy.

The Matilda Joslyn Gage Page. American feminist writer.
'Introduced by Susan B. Anthony at the International Council of Women in 1888, Matilda Josyln Gage began her speech with a brief sketch of her early entry into the suffrage movement: I have frequently been asked what first turned by thoughts towards woman's rights. I think I was born with a hatred of oppression, and, too, in my father's house, I was trained in the anti-slavery ranks, for it was one of the stations on the underground railway, and a home of anti-slavery speakers. Well I remember the wonder with which, when a young girl, I looked upon Abby Kelly, when she spoke of the wrongs of black women and black men. Then I remember, before the Round House in my city of Syracuse was finished, a large and enthusiastic anti-slavery convention was held there, attended by thousands of people who all joined in singing William Lloyd Garrison's song, "I'm an Abolitionist and glory in the Name," and as they rang out that glorious defiance against wrong, it thrilled my very heart, and I feel it echoing to this day ... '
'As the country moved toward the Right in the late 1880's, carried along by a conservative religious movement that had as its goal the creation of a Christian state, Gage decided it was time to launch a full-scale attack on the "bulwark of woman's slavery" - the Church. Believing that the danger to religious liberty and a secular state was immediate, Gage and Stanton began talking of the need for a feminist anti-Church organization. Anthony, in the meantime, was increasingly moving toward a single-minded focus on the vote. When Anthony led her followers in merging the two existing suffrage organizations, thereby bringing in the conservative Women's Christian Temperance Union forces, Gage left the suffrage movement and formed the anti-Church group she had been considering. Made up of anarchists, prison reformers, labor leaders and feminists, the Woman's National Liberal Union was viewed as one of the most radical organizations in the country, and Gage's mail was intercepted by the government ... '

The Che Guevara Internet Archive. Writing, images.

The Rockall Times. British satire site. A much needed knock to our crazy leaders.

Devoter. US political 'filter and discussion site, along the lines of MeFi and MoFi.

Joseph Roth Online. 'Joseph Roth remains little known outside the German-speaking countries, despite being amongst the most prolific and talented writers of the twentieth century. He is best remembered for two novels recreating, respectively, the shtetl of the Eastern Jews (Hiob or Job, 1930), and the vanished world of the Habsburg monarchy (Radetzkymarsch or The Radetzky March, 1932). However, Roth was one of the best-known and highest paid journalists in the Weimar Republic, whose articles and Feuilletons about Berlin, Paris, Russia and other places seemed to capture the energy and ambivalence of the Zeitgeist, a culture dazzled by competing ideologies, new technologies, and a burgeoning entertainment industry. His novels from the 1920s, the most famous of which is Die Flucht ohne Ende (Flight without End, 1927), portray a damaged generation of young men and women as vividly as those of Hemingway or Fitzgerald.'

The Panda's Thumb. Defending science and reason from fundamentalism.
'The Panda's Thumb is the virtual pub of the University of Ediacara. The patrons gather to discuss evolutionary theory, critique the claims of the antievolution movement, defend the integrity of both science and science education, and share good conversation.'

Poems by Wang Wei. Classic Chinese Taoist poet.

1st October

Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age. 'The purpose of this site is to illustrate the concept of the political boundary with a comprehensive selection of political and historical maps from 1789 (and, occasionally, from earlier dates) to the present day. The maps are clearly organized by region and dates. Most of them are in Spanish but this should not pose an obstacle to those used to reading maps.'

Nagasaki: The Johnson Family Albums, ca. 1895-1910. 'The Johnson family of Syracuse, New York, were missionaries in Japan in the 1890s and the early 20th century. Their Methodist church in Nagasaki offered a school for young Japanese families carrying on a tradition that began several centuries ago when Jesuits quickly followed the Portugese traders ... '

The Solar System. NASA site.

Images of Christopher Columbus and His Voyages.

Faces of India. 'The birth of the billionth baby in India on May 12, 2000 is providing for a time of reflection on the Indian civilization in general. We contribute our part here through this large exhibition of Indian portraits of common and uncommon Indians. '

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-38. 'Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves. These narratives were collected in the 1930s as part of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and assembled and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves. This online collection is a joint presentation of the Manuscript and Prints and Photographs Divisions of the Library of Congress and includes more than 200 photographs from the Prints and Photographs Division that are now made available to the public for the first time.'

"Now What a Time": Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music Festivals, 1938-1943 'consists of approximately one hundred sound recordings, primarily blues and gospel songs, and related documentation from the folk festival at Fort Valley State College (now Fort Valley State University), Fort Valley, Georgia. The documentation was created by John Wesley Work III in 1941 and by Lewis Jones and Willis Laurence James in March, June, and July 1943. Also included are recordings made in Tennessee and Alabama (including six Sacred Harp songs) by John Work between September 1938 and 1941. These recording projects were supported by the Library of Congress's Archive of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center). Song lists made by the collectors, correspondence with the Archive about the trips, and a special issue of the Fort Valley State College student newsletter, The Peachite: Festival Number, are also included. One interesting feature of this collection is the topical rewording of several standard gospel songs to address the wartime concerns of the performers.'

Southern Mosaic: The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip 'is a multiformat ethnographic field collection that includes nearly 700 sound recordings, as well as fieldnotes, dust jackets, and other manuscripts documenting a three-month, 6,502-mile trip through the southern United States. Beginning in Port Aransas, Texas, on March 31, 1939, and ending at the Library of Congress on June 14, 1939, John Avery Lomax, Honorary Consultant and Curator of the Archive of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center), and his wife, Ruby Terrill Lomax, recorded approximately 25 hours of folk music from more than 300 performers. These recordings represent a broad spectrum of traditional musical styles, including ballads, blues, children's songs, cowboy songs, fiddle tunes, field hollers, lullabies, play-party songs, religious dramas, spirituals, and work songs. Photographic prints from the Lomaxes' other Southern states expeditions, as well as their other recording trips made under the auspices of the Library of Congress, illustrate the collection, since no photographs from the 1939 Southern States Recording Trip have been identified. '

Images of African-American Slavery and Freedom, from the Library of Congress.

Born in Obscurity, Reared in Strife: A Short History of the Trials, Travels, and Travails of the Douglas Cannon. 'The presence of the Douglas Cannon in Wesleyan lore has its origins in student celebrations of the mid-nineteenth century. During this period, college was in term for the Fourth of July, and a student-led volley of cannon fire was often included in the celebrations. In 1859, Wesleyan's calendar was altered so that the college was not in session during the Fourth, so an expanded set of patriotic exercises, including the firing of cannon volleys, was added to the celebration of George Washington's birthday on February 22 ... '

The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage. 'This remarkable grimoire was translated by S.L.M. Mathers from a 15th century French mauscript. This text has had a huge influence on modern ceremonial magic, and has been cited as a primary influence on Aleister Crowley. Abraham of Würzburg, a cabalist and scholar of magic, describes a quest for the secret teachings which culminated in Egypt, where he encountered the magician Abramelin, who taught him his system in detail. The procedure involves many months of purification, followed by the invocation of good and evil spirits to accomplish some very worldly goals, including acquisition of treasure and love, travel through the air and under water, and raising armies out of thin air ... '

The Edinburgh Ras Shamra Project. 'The archaeological site of Ras Shamra is situated a few kms east of the Mediterranean coast of Syria, and constitutes the remains of the ancient city of Ugarit. Minet el-Beida is the natural harbour that served Ugarit and which helped make this city so prosperous ... '
Galleries of items related to Ugarit here.

Black and White Photographs of Tibet. 'A portfolio of 20 haunting black and white photographs primarily made by Sonam Gyatso Thartse Ken Rinpoche (1930-1988), abbot of Ngor Monastery in Tibet in the early 50's, before the Chinese Occupation of Tibet. '

Ancient China at the British Museum.

Natural Disasters. Earthquakes, floods, volcanoes etc. BBC site, good links.

Miami Beach's Sister Cities. Miami Beach's sister cities' culture and history, around the world - in Brazil, Mexico, Israel, Japan, Italy, the Czech Republic, Spain and so on. A 'virtual tour' of some interesting places.

Puzzles with Writing Systems. 'Can anyone decipher ... ' Also with an archive of solved 'puzzles'.

Tower Hamlets History Online. 'Welcome to Tower Hamlets History On Line where you will find articles on the history of Bethnal Green, Bow, Bromley-by-Bow, the Isle of Dogs, Limehouse, Mile End Old Town, Poplar, Ratcliff, St. George's in the East, Shadwell, Spitalfields, Stepney, Wapping, Whitechapel - or any of the other hamlets that make up the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It was created by David Rich in 1998 and has been growing steadily ever since.'

Canadian Labour History 1850-1999. 'Social progress is the weight of laws designed to alleviate human suffering. In Canada, the Labour movement has been in the forefront of groups seeking such legislation, right from its earliest days. '
'This web site traces the history of Canadian Labour with the aim of showing how it served its members while forcing broader reforms on our nation. '

The Battle of Vimy Ridge, 1917. 'Many historians and writers consider the Canadian victory at Vimy a defining moment for Canada, when the country emerged from under the shadow of Britain and felt capable of greatness. Canadian troops also earned a reputation as formidable, effective troops because of the stunning success. But it was a victory at a terrible cost, with more than 10,000 killed and wounded ... '