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20th October

The Glovers of Fulton County. 'The Glovers of Fulton County is a research and documentation project that examines the glove industry of Fulton County, New York. Fulton County was long a center of world glove production. During the late 1800s and early decades of this century the county produced more than 90% of all fine leather gloves manufactured in the United States ... '
Interesting pieces, such as this autobiographical account.

Sketches and Tales Illustrative of Life in the Backwoods of New Brunswick, North America, by Mrs. F. Beavan. 'These sketches of the Backwoods of New Brunswick are intended to illustrate the individual and national characteristics of the settlers, as displayed in the living pictures and legendary tales of the country. They have been written during the short intervals allowed from domestic toils, and may, perhaps, have little claim to the attention of the public, save that of throwing a faint light upon the manners and customs of that little-known, though interesting, appendage of the British empire. A long residence in that colony having given me ample means of knowing and of studying them in all their varying hues of light and shade. There, in the free wide solitude of that fair land whose youthful face "seems wearing still the first fresh fragrance of the world," the fadeless traces of character, peculiar to the dwellers of the olden climes, are brought into close contrast with the more original feelings of the "sons of the soil," both white and red, and are there more fully displayed than in the mass of larger communities ... '

Jane Austen E-texts, Etc. Includes Juvenilia and The History of England (illustrated!).
'A Janeite once replied when asked "Do you read novels?", "Yes, all six of them. Every year." However there is much more written in Jane's hand than simply her six full length novels. Welcome to Jane Austen E-texts, etc, a collection of resources of interest to both the devoted and the closet Janeite ...'

Graffiti Art from the West of Lithuania.

Proud to Be Fat: The Big Beautiful Women. Photography by Frederic Neema.

A Tangled Tale, by Lewis Carroll. Carroll wrote this 'puzzle in ten chapters' (or 'knots') in installments for the 'Monthly Packet' in 1880-81. The puzzles are still quite challenging, and a lot of fun. Carroll's answers and 'class lists' are pretty funny too.

Poems by Li Po. Tang Dynasty, Taoist, maybe China's greatest poet.

Yank Magazine. 'Over the last six years, the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection has been acquiring original sketches, drawings and paintings done by American artists who served in the armed forces during World War Two. These have come in the form of gifts from over 30 artists and currently number over 1,600 original pictures. While the majority of these were drawn by artists for their own pleasure, some were created by official artists assigned to the various fronts by the army and the Marine Corps. Other pictures were drawn for Life magazine while a few were published in the famous army magazine, Yank, which first appeared on June 17, 1942 ... '

Lexicon Pentaglotton, Hebraicum, Chaldaicum, Syriacum...Rabbinicum & Arabicum.
'It seems appropriate to inaugurate the continuing series Focus on The John Hay Library with the first known book to be included in Brown University's library holdings, Valentin Schindler's Lexicon Pentaglotton, Hebraicum, Chaldaicum, Syriacum...Rabbinicum & Arabicum, published in Hanover in 1612. A gift from Brown's first president, the Lexicon is inscribed "The gift of the Revd. James Manning to Rhode Island College June 17th, 1767." ... '

A Physics Hypertextbook.

Brown & Dixon Blotters. Old advertisments. 'The collection from the Brown & Dixon Company records, has examples of several types of blotters. All but a few show lots of use. There were Calendar Blotters, Advertising Blotters, Signature Blotters, political advertisement, etc. A few of local interest can be found in the sampling of the blotters from the collection. '

Brown Seniors 'Crack' Cuneiform Tablets. 'Visitors to the John Hay Library sometimes ask, "How old is your oldest book?" Answer: 4,000+ years old. The Library holds 27 cuneiform tablets and cones from ancient Mesopotamia, none of which had been translated until two seniors in Visiting Professor Alice Slotsky's class, Ancient Scientific Writings: Akkadian, undertook an elective project to decipher two of the tablets. Their transliterations and translations are published below ... '

Bronx River Parkway Reservation. Engineering history - modern and historic photographs, engineering drawings.
'The Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) documentation of the Bronx River Parkway Reservation was developed in 2001-02 as a collaborative effort of the National Park Service and the Westchester County Department of Parks, Recreation and Conservation. In 1969, the National Park Service expanded its Depression-era Historic American Buildings Survey program to record America's great engineering accomplishments and industrial sites. HAER documentation presents measured and interpretive drawings, large-format photographs and the written history of these sites to create a guide for their future use and development, as well as to create a permanent historical record in the event that the site is destroyed or altered. HAER documentation becomes part of the national collection at the Library of Congress with exact duplicates going to project co-sponsors -- in this case, the Westchester County Archives.'

The Legacy of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Indian Dalit ('untouchable') intellectual and activist who agitated for reform and equality through education for his people. He converted from Hinduism to Buddhism, and encouraged other Dalits to do likewise, based on that religion's casteless nature.

19th October

Get the Picture: Berenice Abbott. Photography.

Dorothea Lange: The Migrant Mother Photographs. 'This sequence of 6 photographs should exemplify the process a photographer goes through to come out with such a dynamite image, that is, the image on the bottom right, entitled "Migrant Mother"(California, 1936).(To see a larger version of it, please click on the image). It is evident that from the first to the last image, Lange had moved in closer, and created an emphasis on the mother. Even (by the final image) hiding the faces of the two children who cower on her shoulders. In fact, we see that the family may have been as big as seven total--there are six figures in the second image (top center), and the father, who Lange photographed later, is absent from all of these images. Lange has manipulated her subjects, to imply that a poor mother with two children (an average amount) will be capable to lead her family(doesn't her face express it?) out of their state of suffering, into the more prosperous future, if she is given the chance. '

Paradoxes. Online articles, many of the most famous, and a taxonomy of paradoxes.
'A paradox is an apparently true statement or group of statements that seems to lead to a contradiction or to a situation that defies intuition. The recognition of ambiguities, equivocations, and unstated assumptions underlying known paradoxes has often led to significant advances in science, philosophy and mathematics.'
('This sentence is false' is one everyone knows; 'the smallest number which can only be described in more than fourteen words' is clearly paradoxical; 'if truth does not exist, the statement "truth does not exist" is a truth' is the so-called 'nihilist paradox' ).

The Holocaust History Project. 'The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial. '

Nguyen Dong. Vietnamese artist.

Soldiers of New France. Early French-Canadian history.

British Voices from South Asia. 'Barely more than fifty years ago, on July 10, 1947, the important modern nations of India and Pakistan (including what later became Bangladesh) came into existence as independent, modern states after two centuries of domination by Great Britain. This event marked the beginning of the end of the European political control of large parts of Asia, Africa, and other parts of the world which had developed as European empires extended their power outward over the course of several centuries ... '
' ... This exhibition examines only one "corner" of European colonial empire, albeit a very important one -- the Indian Empire, which was the central focus of later British colonialism. It does not deal directly with politics or economics, however, but rather with the social and the cultural, with the experiences of British life in India and with intercultural influences. The colonial subculture it depicts is an example of the little societies spawned by colonialism worldwide. As part of a greater process, such subcultures played a significant role in contact between the West and the rest of the world within the context of their times. '

British Methodism and the Poor 1739-1999. 'A distinctive aspect of early Methodism was its outreach to the poor. Throughout his life, John Wesley identified himself and his movement with the outcasts of society. He told one correspondent in 1757, `I love the poor; in many of them I find pure, genuine grace, unmixed with paint [i.e. make-up], folly and affectation.' '
'Scornful of the spiritual corruption which material wealth brings, Wesley nevertheless recognised that giving was an expression of Christian faith. Accordingly, he demanded that his followers visit the sick and destitute and devote their efforts to alleviating want. He told one rich convert, `Go and see the sick in their own poor little hovels. Take up your cross woman, remember the faith...Put off the gentlewoman ... '

Broadway: 100 Years of Louisville's Premier Thoroughfare. Vintage photographs.

The Arthur Y. Ford Albums. Appalachian photographs.
'The Arthur Y. Ford Albums were assembled in 1904 for display in the Kentucky Building at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. After the Exposition, also known as the St. Louis World's Fair, the albums remained in the hands of Arthur Y. Ford who had been the chair of the Kentucky Committee for the fair. The three surviving albums were donated to the University of Louisville Photographic Archives by the Ford family in 1970 ... '

Your Life Cycle. 'You started life as a cell, smaller than a pin-prick. This divided into two, then four, then eight - and so on. Your whole body is now made up of about a 100 million million cells: just one teaspoon of your blood contains about 25 billion red blood cells ...'

The History of China.

Walter Benjamin. Jewish German Marxist critic and thinker, 1892-1940. Great online collection of his work. (There is a short bio of Benjamin on this page, if you scroll down a bit).

The Kitschen Sink. A fun site! Do enjoy.

The Fight. 'On June 22, 1938, 70,000 fans crammed into Yankee Stadium to watch what some observers have since called "the most important sporting event in history." Millions more tuned in to hear a blow-by-blow description on the radio.'
'The rematch between the African American heavyweight Joe Louis and his German opponent Max Schmeling was riveting -- "one hundred and twenty-four seconds of murder," as one newspaper put it. But for most spectators the fight was much more than a boxing match; it was an historic event freighted with symbolic significance, both a harbinger of the civil rights movement and a prelude to World War II.'
'In this first feature-length documentary about the momentous encounter, American Experience captures the anticipation the bout generated, the swirl of events leading up to it, the impact Louis's victory had on black America and its significance for Jews on both sides of the Atlantic ...'

Imagine. Online exploration of museums in the northeast of England. 'Discover 15,000 images of objects from Tyne and Wear Museums' collections with IMAGINE. Enjoy interactive access to these extensive collections. Search and explore objects from Archaeology, Art, History and Natural Science...'

The Folk-Lore of the North-East of Scotland, 1881. 'This is an ethnographic study of the inhabitants of the North-Eastern area of Scotland in the mid-19th century, at a time when an agrarian, barter economy still prevailed. Life was hard among these remote coastal communities, and they lived in fear of maleficent witches and the 'Evil Eye'. Many of the rituals, taboos and folkways in this book are to ward off witchcraft directed against economic mainstays such as livestock and fishing. The book has many fascinating bits of lore, as well as extensive oral poetry, all in Scots dialect. (There is, thankfully, an extensive glossary at the end, in case ye're na sure fhat all the clatterin's aboot.). There are also detailed descriptions of holidays, weddings, and other celebrations, which reveal that life was not completely grim ... '

Ohya Shobo. Nice collection of prints by Hiroshige, Yoshitoshi, Hokusai, viewable online.

Rembrandt. Online gallery.

The Hal Draper Internet Archive. American socialist writer and activist. A short biography and introduction to American socialism is here.

18th October

The History of Greenham Common. 'Greenham Common - a name linked world-wide with the awesome potential of nuclear deterrence and the protest movement it gave rise to.'
'But there is a bigger story; here we explore the history of one thousand acres of open land near Newbury in Berkshire.'
'Archaeology tells us that the area was inhabited in prehistoric times; since then people have used it for activities ranging from grazing cattle to the storage of nuclear weapons.'

Buddhism on the Silk Road. 'The civilizations which flourished along the Silk Road in the first millennium CE were open to cultural and religious influences from both East and West. Many religions, including Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, gained new followers. But it was Buddhism, travelling the trade routes of the Silk Road, which became the common factor uniting the different peoples of the Silk Road ... '

The Colonial Andes: Tapestries and Silverwork 1530-1830. 'The arrival of the Spanish in 1532 in South America dramatically transformed the Andean cultural landscape, changing societies that had evolved over thousands of years within less than one generation. The arts, however, continued to thrive amid the upheavals, and they preserved an unspoken dialogue between Andean and European artistic traditions. '

Arts of Korea. 'This exhibition explores Korea's distinctive cultural identity and the ways in which the arts of Korea have been affected by trade and diplomacy, by war and peace, and by religion and philosophy. Art forms unique to Korea are especially well represented by ceramics, ranging from the stonewares of the Three Kingdoms period (57 BC-AD 668) to the inlaid celadons of the Koryo dynasty (918-1392) and the punch'ong ware and porcelains of the Choson dynasty (1392-1910). Important developments in painting include the "true-view" landscapes and genre paintings produced during the eighteenth century, a time of widespread interest in defining and promoting native Korean cultural and artistic traditions.'

Bill Keel's Telescopes. Telescopes and astro images.
'I admit it - I'm a telescope junkie. Backyard, mountaintop, optical, infrared, orbiting, any flavor. I do have the good fortune to be in a profession that doesn't consider this too much of an aberration.'

Huichol Art. Yarn paintings by the Huichol Indians of Mexico.

Art from New Guinea.

WorldChanging. ' works from a simple premise: that the tools, models and ideas for building a better future lie all around us. That plenty of people are working on tools for change, but the fields in which they work remain unconnected. That the motive, means and opportunity for profound positive change are already present. That another world is not just possible, it's here. We only need to put the pieces together.'

Illustrations to Dante's Inferno, by Dore, Blake and Botticelli.

Japan for the Uninvited. Japanese pop culture.

Twins Seven Seven and Other Nigerian Artists.

Bad Reporter by Don Asmussen. Satirical and editorial cartoons.

Numeral Systems. 'A numeral is a symbol or group of symbols that represents a number. Numerals differ from numbers just as words differ from the things they refer to. The symbols "11", "eleven" and "XI" are different numerals, all representing the same number. This article treats the various systems of numerals. ' Also links to articles about the numeral systems of various civilisations.

The Nude in Art History.

China: Dawn of a Golden Age. Art. More here.

Zombies Calling. 'Trapped at university. Surrounded by zombies. Our three heroes are desperately low on the only thing that can protect them from the undead hoard lusting for their tasty tasty brains: PUNCHLINES. Yes, it seems our heroes are not given to repeat viewings of Army of Darkness, and are without the greatest weapon known to zombie fighters everywhere, the snappy comeback. Thus, at a serious disadvantage due to their foolish ignorance of Bruce Campbell's career, they are at the mercy of the living undead. Will they somehow make it out of suburbia alive? Or will they face down the horror of university exams as a member of the tottering tribe of rotting corpses wandering the campus? Only time (and yours truly, the dumbass creator) will tell. So until then, grrg, argh!'

Demonology 101. 'An online comic about high school and other forces of evil.'

Punish the Dead. Online comic.


16th October

New problem at plep's puzzles. Enjoy.

The Rosetta Project. 'The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers working to build a publicly accessible online archive of ALL documented human languages. Our goal is to create the most broad and complete reference work on the languages of the world to date- a reference work of relevance for academic researchers and educators as well as native communities looking for materials in support of language revitalization work. '
'We are creating this unprecedented digital library of human language through an open contribution, peer review process and we invite you to participate. All documents and data sets are freely available through this growing online database as well as archived on an extreme longevity micro-etched nickel disk- a contemporary "Rosetta Stone" for the languages of the world. '

The All Species Project. 'The ALL Species Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to the complete inventory of all species of life on Earth within the next 25 years - a human generation. '
'To describe and classify all of the surviving species of the world deserves to be one of the great scientific goals of the new century. '
'In applied science, this completion of the Linnaean enterprise is needed for effective conservation practices, and for impact studies of environmental change. '
'In basic science, it is a key element in the maturing of ecology, including the grasp of ecosystem functioning and of evolutionary biology. It also offers an unsurpassable adventure: the exploration of a little-known planet. '

The 10,000 Year Clock. 'I want to build a clock that ticks once a year. The century hand advances once every one hundred years, and the cuckoo comes out on the millennium. I want the cuckoo to come out every millennium for the next 10,000 years. If I hurry I should finish the clock in time to see the cuckoo come out for the first time. '

15th October

Terra. Amazing images of the Earth from space. NASA site.

Costa Rican Ceramics Then and Now - A Virtual Exhibit.

Photographically Illustrated Books. 'Use this website to search and view information and images from one of the world's most comprehensive collections of photographically illustrated books and texts in many languages relating to the history and development of photography, from 1839 to 1914. '

Dunhuang Bookbinding. Chinese Buddhist book art.

Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts from the British Library.

50th Anniversary of the Transistor Radio. Thanks, qB.

Badges: Symbols of Identity. 'This tour explores the themes and beliefs expressed by twelve very different badges. It was written to accompany the exhibition Status Symbols: identity and belief on modern badges, at the British Museum from 22 July 2004 to 16 January 2005.'

The Myth of the Trojan War. 'The myth of the Trojan War was a great and continuing inspiration to Greek artists and poets. The main lines of the story were sketched out by early epic poets such as Homer (eighth century BC), but the tradition was never firmly fixed. Later poets treated the myth freely; small incidents were enlarged, new episodes were introduced, local variants incorporated and different (even contradictory) interpretations offered.'
'This rich tradition was also explored by visual artists, who felt equally free to formulate their own visions and interpretations of the myths.'
'The tour which follows presents a series of key scenes from the myths relating to the Trojan War, as depicted on Greek vases now in the collections of the British Museum. The paintings illustrate the variety of ways in which ancient Greek artists chose to visualize the myth's significant moments. '

Cleopatra of Egypt: From History to Myth. 'Fabled for her sexual allure and cunning intelligence, Cleopatra VII of Egypt has fascinated generations of admirers and detractors since her life ended in suicide in 30 BC. This intriguing exhibition at The British Museum focused on Cleopatra, last of the Ptolemaic monarchs, Macedonian Greeks who had ruled Egypt since the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. The exhibition traced Cleopatra's life as queen of Egypt and her liaisons with the two great Roman leaders of the day, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. The myth and iconic status of Cleopatra is also examined, largely through the representation of the queen in European art from the Renaissance to today.'

Sudan Past and Present. 'Sudan is the largest country in Africa, straddling the Nile between the desert of Egypt and the forests of Uganda. The population is Muslim and Christian, and contains no less than 56 ethnic groups and 570 tribal groups. In recent months, the eyes of the world have been on Sudan and it has never been more important to understand its complex past.'
'Sudan has been inhabited for at least 300,000 years. During its long history it has been under Egyptian rule - and has also ruled Egypt. It converted to Christianity in the sixth century AD before Islam became the main state religion in the sixteenth century AD. The Turco-Egyptians took over in 1821 before being ousted by the Mahdists in 1885. During the first half of the twentieth century Sudan was governed by the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium, but gained independence in 1956. Recent Sudanese history has been characterized by upheaval and conflict although the country's material culture remains rich and diverse.'
'Sudan past and present is the theme of a programme starting at the British Museum in September 2004. It encompasses the long-planned archaeological exhibition Sudan: ancient treasures as well as contemporary displays which can be found at the North Entrance, in the Round Reading Room and in Gallery 34. The Sudanese collection in the British Museum is one of the most important and comprehensive outside Sudan.'

Buried Treasure: Finding Our Past. British Museum exhibit. 'This tour reveals some of the things we have learned from the spectacular archaeological finds made in England and Wales. It also celebrates the role of the general public in making these discoveries. Over the centuries, farmers, labourers, beachcombers and metal detectorists have unearthed, often by accident, many of the most precious pieces of our past.'

Chinese Jade at the British Museum.

b.sweets. Chocolate blog.

Christopher Reeve. Editorial cartoons in memoriam.

14th October

Shakespeare in Quarto: View the British Library's Digital Copies Online. 'On this site you will find the British Library's 93 copies of the 21 plays by Shakespeare printed in quarto before the theatres were closed in 1642.'

NOAA Photo Library. 'The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is the descendant of America's oldest science agencies, the Survey of the Coast formed in 1807, the Weather Service formed in 1870, and the forerunner of today's National Marine Fisheries Service formed in 1871. The foundation built by these great organizations has given rise to an agency whose realm extends from the surface of the sun to the bottom of the sea, whose concern for life in the sea extends from microscopic creatures to the great whales, and whose reach in time extends from thousands of years in the past to decades in the future with global change studies and observations. On any given day, NOAA ships, buoys, observatories, aircraft, and satellites will observe environmental conditions from Arctic to Antarctic. They might observe features as diverse as fish stocks, ozone content of the atmosphere, sun spots, tornadoes, or coastlines. Or they could be engaged in producing warnings and forecasts or producing charts and tide tables to help keep the citizens of the United States safe in their homes, at their work, or on the seas. '
'The NOAA Photo Library has been built so as to capture the work, observations, and studies that are carried on by the scientists, engineers, commissioned officers, and administrative personnel that make up this complex and scientifically diverse agency. It also has been built in an attempt to capture NOAA's scientific heritage, which is in fact a heritage shared by much of the physical and environmental science communities in the United States today. To date, over 16,000 images have been digitized and reside in the online NOAA Photo Library. This number will continue growing as long as there are environmental problems to study and solve, as long as the citizens of the United States are threatened by violent weather, as long as mariners need nautical charts, and as long as creatures of the sea need our protection to survive. Until then, you are invited to join NOAA in this photographic essay that spans the World's oceans and atmosphere, carries you from the surface of the sun to the bottom of the sea, and travels through centuries of scientific thought and observations. '

The Age of Charles V. 'Charles V, born in 1338, king of France from 1364 to 1380, was the eldest son of John II the Good, who reigned from 1350 to 1364. A descendant of the royal Capetian dynasty (named for its founder, Hugh Capet), Charles was the third sovereign to issue from the Capetian branch of the Valois, successors to the direct-line Capetians who died out with Charles IV the Fair in 1328. (The problem of succession that arose on that occasion was a principal cause of the long conflict between France and England known as the Hundred Years' War). As duke of Normandy and dauphin of Viennois from 1350 to 1364, the young prince lived through the particularly trying and politically troubled period that marked the onset of the Hundred Years' War. In its first phase, French troops suffered two very serious setbacks : at Crécy (1346) and more especially at Poitiers (1356), where King John the Good was taken captive by the English ... '

A Hundred Verses from Old Japan, 1909. 'This is a collection of 100 specimens of Japanese Tanka poetry collected in the 13th Century C.E., with some of the poems dating back to the 7th Centry. Tanka is a 31 syllable format in the pattern 5-7-5-7-7. Most of these poems were written about the time of the Norman Conquest and display a sophistication that western literature would not achieve for a long time thereafter. These little gems are on themes such as nature, the round of the seasons, the impermanence of life, and the vicissitudes of love. There are obvious Buddhist and Shinto influences throughout. Porter's notes put the poems into a cultural and historical context. Each poem is illustrated in this edition with an 18th century Japanese woodcut by an anonymous illustrator ... '

Seven Walking Tours of Philadelphia. 'The genesis of these virtual tours began with John Francis Marion's seminal walking guidebook to Philadelphia, "Walking Tours of Historic Philadelphia," originally published in 1974. In a city that venerates venerable institutions, Mr. Marion, who passed on in 1994, was as beloved a Philadelphia institution as any of those he wrote about ... '

A Hundred Highlights from the Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 'The Koninklijke Bibliotheek is a treasure-house of books and manuscripts from many centuries. In the present publication one hundred of its finest and most interesting objects are shown and interpreted, objects which, except for temporary exhibitions, hardly ever leave their bookcases or cabinets because they are so extremely vulnerable. A most regrettable state of affairs, for what is the use of having such treasures if they can not be displayed and admired? The solution to this quandary - for we would most certainly like to put them on display - was found in mounting an 'exhibition' on paper. Valuable and vulnerable objects can thus be made visible and accessible to a wider public than just the specialist researchers, and this is the underlying motive of this book. It contains a selection from the 'Special Collections', covering a period of more than a thousand years, from the Middle Ages into this century. Provenance from the Netherlands or, for the older period, from the Northern and Southern Netherlands, was the main selection criterion, but a link with the history of the collections has also played a part. The result is a pictorial atlas reflecting the development of book culture in the Netherlands. Although the image of a modern reading room or catalogue area might suggest that this development has now come to an end, this is by no means the case. True, where imposing bookcases once caught the visitors' eyes, computer screens have in many instances gradually stolen the show. The Koninklijke Bibliotheek, too, has played its part in applying new technical possibilities for the benefit of scholarly and scientific information services with great conviction, and continues to do so. But screens and electronics will never oust the book. The preservation of Dutch cultural heritage in written and printed form is, and will always be, one of the most important duties of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek ... '

Cassini Imaging Diary. Images of the Moon, Jupiter, Saturn.

Machynlleth. An interesting town in Wales with an association with Owain Glyndwr. Interactive map, photos, history.

Macau: A Selection of Cartographic Images. 'Macau, the oldest permanent European settlement in Asia, was returned to China on December 20, 1999. The Portuguese established this port on the southeastern coast of China at the mouth of the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River) in 1557, when they were the dominant power in European trade with Asia. Portugal continued its presence in Macau for more than four hundred years. In December 1887, after a series of negotiations between Portugal and China about Macau's sovereignty, a protocol was agreed upon which recognized Portugal's occupation and governing of Macau. Following Portugal's Revolution of 1974 and China's development of a reunification strategy, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Portugal issued the Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau on April 13, 1987. This declaration stated that on December 20, 1999, China would resume its exercise of sovereignty in Macau ... '

The Brandywine Battlefield. 'The Brandywine Battlefield Park brings to life the largest engagement of the Revolutionary War, fought on September 11, 1777, between the Continental Army led by General George Washington and the British forces headed by General William Howe.'

British Columbia Archives. Interesting exhibits about genealogy, visual and textual records, royal visits, etc. Great site.

The Chaos Hypertextbook. 'I wrote this book for anyone with an interest in chaos, fractals, non- linear dynamics, or mathematics in general. It's a moderately heavy piece of work, requiring a bit of mathematical knowledge, but it is definitely not aimed at mathematicians. My background is in physics and I use mathematics extensively in problem solving. Like many educated people, I also enjoy math as a diversion. This is the audience I am writing for.'

Traditional Crafts of Japan. Japanese version here.

British Bookbindings 16th-19th Century. Online gallery.

Bad Astronomy. Bad science debunked.

The Prophecies of Paracelsus, 1915. 'Like the better known Prophecies of Nostradamus, the Prophecies of Paracelsus are exceedingly cryptic, filled with allegorical symbols and capable of being reinterpreted for any purpose. It comes with 32 surreal woodcuts which seem to reveal additional details about each prophecy.'
'This short book, published in London in 1915 in the shadow of the Great War, was written anonymously (I have yet to figure out who 'J.K.' is). It wraps the 32 prophecies in introductions and interpretations by the mysterious J.K. as well as Eliphas Lévi, the French occultist--who apparently felt that this text should be left to the experts. The original J.K. edition is somewhat rare, and it was reprinted in 1974 by Weiser, although the latter is out of print.'
'Paracelsus, a renowned scholar who is known for his chemical and alchemical writings, may have meant this not only as a set of predictions about the path of the Reformation, but as an allegory of the evolution of the soul. This would not be surprising, as other authors of the period cloaked arcane messages in almost impenetrable layers of symbolism to escape eccelsiastical scrutiny. '

The Pictorial Key to the Tarot, 1911. Illustrated.

Islamic Heritage of India. Articles and images.

About Mary Vivian Pearce. 'Mary Vivian Pearce isn't your typical film star. As John Waters' childhood friend in Baltimore, she appeared in every single film he made as either the main character (such as Cotton in Pink Flamingos) or an extra (homophobe in Pecker). My fascination with her started with seeing Pink Flamingos. As a more feminine dead-ringer for Jean Harlow, Mary exhibits a bit of class and style that only the Golden Era of actresses have been able to pull off on the screen ... '

Mother Shipton's Cave and Petrifying Well. 'Mother Shipton is England's most famous Prophetess. She lived some 500 years ago in the times of King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth I ... ' An interesting folk tale.

13th October

The World's Earliest Television Recordings - Restored! 'From the dawn of our television technology age comes the restored wonders of original recordings made in the era of mechanically-scanned television! Not until the computer era came on us could we study these images. Now they can be seen in as close to their original quality as the latest techniques can take us. '

Hitchhiking Vietnam. Travelogue.

Almighty Focus: Martin Luther. All about Luther.

Sea Britain 2005. Britain's maritime heritage.

Cezanne in the Studio: Still Life in Watercolours.

Bangladeshi Arts of the Ricksha.

Bizarre London. Local news of the weird.

Art for Housewives.

Gnostical Turpitude. A fine blog with a science focus.

War and Piece. A fine blog with a political focus. Gnostical Turpitude.

Jackson Pollock.

The Story of Gio from the Heike Monogatari, retold by Ridgely Torrence, 1935.

The Monkey Trial. 'In 1925, a biology teacher named John Scopes was arrested for teaching evolution in defiance of Tennessee state law. His trial became an epic event of the twentieth century, a debate over free speech that spiraled into an all-out duel between science and religion. Featuring two of the century's greatest orators, attorneys Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan, the Scopes trial was America's first major media event, with hundreds of reporters and live nationwide radio coverage dispersing the sensational news. Outside the courthouse, a circus atmosphere prevailed as a chimpanzee in a suit and hat vied with fire-and-brimstone preachers for the crowd's attention. Monkey Trial explores the dramatic moment when a new fault line opened in society as scientific discoveries began to challenge the literal truth of the Bible. Often humorous and at times frightening, the story of two value systems colliding resonates today ... '

Samuel Pepys' Diary at Good stuff here.

History of the Williston Northampton School. Articles on scientific instruments, music, basketball. 'The Archives actively collect and preserve source materials for the documentation and study of all aspects of the School's history, from the founding of our parent institutions, Williston Seminary (1841) and the Northampton School for Girls (1924) to the present day. The Archives are valuable not only as a repository of documents and memorabilia, but as a teaching resource. They are a means through which our students can come to appreciate the values and traditions which have shaped the School we know today. '

Bright Leaves: Tobacco Materials. 'Since its inception, North Carolina State University has played a significant role in the development of the tobacco industry in North Carolina and consequently, in the development of the economic and cultural heritage of the state. During the period in which the university has been in existence, economic and environmental factors threatening small farms in North Carolina have been meticulously addressed by researchers working in what is now the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and in the various offices of the Agricultural Extension Service. Their efforts have significantly enhanced the livelihoods of tobacco farmers and, however indirectly, have proved to be a crucial factor in North Carolina's quality of life. Regardless of how far one's life may be from arduous labor on a tobacoo farm, the business of tobacco has been the state's economic linchpin since colonial times ... '

'Bring Back Your Party Safe': Medicine and Health on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Exploring early America.
'"[B]ring back your party safe...," orders Thomas Jefferson in his instructions to Meriwether Lewis in preparation for one of the greatest explorations in United States history. It was a daunting command. The West was an unknown entity. Lewis and his co-commander, William Clark, were armed with very little information about the obstacles and dangers they would encounter. However, they were to keep their party safe - not just for the value of human lives - but also, as Jefferson writes, in order to protect the information they would acquire ... '

Women's Travel Writing 1830-1930.

Theft of the Mona Lisa. 'It was the art theft of the century... On August 21st, 1911, someone stole the most famous painting in the world from the Louvre. According to author Seymour Reit, "Someone walked into the Salon Carré, lifted it off the wall and went out with it! The painting was stolen Monday morning, but the interesting thing about it was that it wasn't 'til Tuesday at noon that they first realized it was gone." ... '

A Guide to Hangul. Korean characters, with a history of hangul.

12th October

Family History Photos and Stories. BBC site - family, work, celebrations, migration.

Superstring Theory. How the Universe works.

Song Haizeng. A contemporary Chinese artist.

Francois Boucher. Rococo artist.

Presidential Debates. Political cartoons.

How's Bush Doing? Editorial cartoons.

George Soros' Weblog.

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. Sculpture.

76 Houses in the Old City of Lhasa. A restoration project.

Aster. Outsider art.

The Virtual Cell. Biology virtual tour.

History of Surrealism. 'At the opening ceremony of The Art of This Century Museum on 57th St. in Manhattan, Peggy Guggenheim, the founder, was wearing one earring by Yves Tanguy, the surrealist, and another by Alexander Calder, the abstractionist. She explained to her guests that this showed her neutrality in the conflict between the often hostile schools of Abstractionism and Surrealism. That was in 1941, yet soon after, Peggy's gallery and museum became a center for abstract expressionism, under the newly coined term Modernism ... '

The Mystery of Sharaku. 'Welcome to The Mystery of Toshusai Sharaku, a website devoted to the enigmatic Japanese artist of the late 18th century. Appearing on the Japanese art scene in Spring of 1794, he disappeared just as suddenly in early 1795 after creating nearly 150 prints of Kabuki actors. Many conjectures have been made to illuminate the identity of this artist -- Was he a Noh drama actor? Was he actually another artist named Utamaro using a different name? Or was he someone completely different? -- At this point, no one really knows. '

Buddhist Photography.

Faberge Eggs. 'Easter is the most joyful celebration of the Orthodox faith in Russia... After the devout church services, families gather to exchange gifts of decorated eggs, symbols of renewed life and hope. The Easter of 1885 also marks the twentieth anniversary of Czar Alexander III and Czarina Maria Fedorovna, and the Czar needs an exceptional gift for his wife. So he places an order with a young jeweler, Peter Carl Fabergé, whose beautiful creations have recently caught Maria's eye ... '

Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States.

Creativity Explored. 'Welcome to Creativity Explored! We are a nonprofit visual arts center where artists with developmental disabilities create, exhibit, and sell art.'

Willard J Folk Art. More cool stuff.

The 1911 Encyclopedia. 'The LoveToKnow Free Online Encyclopedia is based on what many consider to be the best encyclopedia ever written: the eleventh edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, first published in 1911. At a time when many encyclopedias have capsulated and condensed important knowledge, the 11th edition is generally much more in-depth and thorough on it's topics. It is not uncommon for our entries to be 5 to 10 times the length of other encyclopedias. As a research tool, this 11th edition is unparalleled - even today. LoveToKnow is in the process of updating and editing thousands of the entries, preserving the treasured entries that make it so unique, and adding entries on new relevant topics. We hope that you enjoy and learn from the LoveToKnow Free Online Encyclopedia and that it becomes one of your favorite places for reference information.'

An Australian Alphabet. Australian birds, flowers and animals.

11th October

Freak Show. Amazing stuff.

Avibase: The World Bird Database. 'Avibase is an extensive database information system about all birds of the world, containing over 1.4 million records about 10,000 species and 22,000 subspecies of birds, including distribution information, taxonomy, synonyms in several languages and more. This site is managed by Denis Lepage and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, the Canadian copartner of Birdlife International. Avibase has been a work in progress for nearly 12 years and I am now pleased to offer it as a service to the bird-watching and scientific community. '

Paris Commune 1871. 'The Paris Commune is one of the great epics of French history. 'It was the first revolution in which the working class played a central role and sought to change society for the better.' '
' 'Why is the idea represented by the Commune of Paris so attractive to the workers of every land, of every nationality? The answer is easy. The revolution of 1871 was above all a popular one. It was made by the people themselves, it sprang spontaneously from the midst of the mass, and it was among the great masses of the people that it found its defenders, its heroes, its martyrs. It is just because it was so thoroughly "low" that the middle class can never forgive it. And at the same time its moving spirit was the idea of a social revolution; vague certainly, perhaps unconscious, but still the effort to obtain at last, after the struggle of many centuries, true freedom, true equality for all men. It was the revolution of the lowest of the people marching forward to conquer their rights.' ... '

British Library: Building an Archive of Print. Some interesting pieces from the library's collection.

Danny Gregory's Everyday Matters. 'Everyday Matters is a series of occasional essays on creative things, journal making, drawing, etc. intended to challenge, inspire and perplex. '

Wish Jar Journal. Another fantastic blog.

Political Theory Daily Review.

Phagpa Lokes'vara of the Potala. 'In The Newark Museum collection is a small ivory figure representing a form of Avalokites'vara of a type that has long puzzled historians of Himalayan art. Figures displaying the stylistic eccentricities of this bodhisattva are, as evidenced here, relatively common. These stylistic eccentricities can be briefly catalogued as: a high three-lobed crown of rather simple design; the hair in an elaborate chignon which spills in two long buns on either side of the head and crown, and bell-like earrings. The images also show a remarkable lack of ornamentation; they stand on a small, square base in a relatively stiff pose, with, when complete, the right hand in varada mudra (gesture of bestowal) and the left close to the thigh in a gesture of holding a (missing) lotus ... '

China: One Hundred Treasures. Images from a 2001 exhibition.

Building America. 'Building America explores the broad scope of U.S. achievement in architecture, design, engineering, construction, planning, and landscape architecture. Hundreds of images showcase highpoints in American building, from the U.S. Capitol to the Empire State Building, as well as places like shopping centers, offices, and suburban homes where many live their daily lives.'

The Digger Archives. 'The Digger Archives is an ongoing Web project to preserve and present the history of the anarchist guerilla street theater group that challenged the emerging Counterculture of the Sixties and whose actions and ideals inspired (and continue to inspire) a generation (of all ages) to create models of Free Association. '

Outside the Lines: Ordinary Pastimes, Extraordinary Art. 'If making art with a capital "A" is inaccessibly ambitious for most people, a whole industry of popular crafts exists to bring them expression with a small "e." The craft chains that dot metropolitan shopping strips, the street-corner ceramics workshops and the blizzard of make-it-yourself magazines all serve people who would never consider themselves artists but feel perfectly comfortable making nice things with a small "t." ... '

DNA from the Beginning. An animated primer of DNA, genes and heredity.

The Concuspidor. 'The Concuspidor & The Grand Wizard of Many Things is an on-line fable that was presented on the web in weekly instalments between June and December 1995. When it was in weekly instalments, it was easy to manage, but now it's much too big to comfortably work through in a single sitting. So it's probably best to start at the start (of course) and use your browser's bookmark facility to remember the scene you've got to when you want to have a break, and come back later.'

Kabukipedia. A 'dictionary' of kabuki.

Guernica: Testimony of War. 'It is modern art's most powerful antiwar statement... created by the twentieth century's most well-known and least understood artist. But the mural called Guernica is not at all what Pablo Picasso has in mind when he agrees to paint the centerpiece for the Spanish Pavilion of the 1937 World's Fair ... '

Borobodur. 'On the island of Java stands a mountain of a thousand statues... surrounded by volcanoes, shrouded in mystery. In 1814, two hundred men cross the lush Kedu plains of Central Java to search out this legendary mountain near the small village of Boro. For six weeks, they slash and burn the choking vegetation. They clear away tons of volcanic ash. Hidden beneath the debris, they find strange figures carved in stone - thousands of them ... '

The Notorious Hope Diamond. 'It is the rarest of stones... But that's not the only thing about the Hope Diamond that fascinates Evalyn Walsh McLean, the spoiled young heiress with a multi-million-dollar fortune and a taste for jewelry  expensive jewelry ... '

Images and Biographies of Carmelite Saints.

Pensions Theft. (UK) 'So you think your pension is safe?'. Think again.