'Aelbert Cuyp came from a family of artists that had settled in Dordrecht,
an old and prosperous town located at the junction of several major
waterways, among them the Maas River. His grandfather Gerrit was a glazier
and his father Jacob, a successful portrait painter who enjoyed the
patronage of local aristocrats and members of the upper middle class.
During the 1630s, the young Aelbert trained with his father, and in the
early 1640s the two artists collaborated, with Jacob executing the
portraits and Aelbert the landscapes ... '
'We are pleased to present our collection of Chinese wooden sculptures.
This site is dedicated to works of art representing the Guanyin (Indian:
Avalokiteshvara), bodhisattvas of compassion, dated from the Song (A.D.
960 - 1279) to Ming (A.D. 1368 - 1644) dynasties. All items are carved
in wood with painted or polychrome finishes. Stylistically, they are
comparable to articles displayed at the world's finest museums and
Dilbert's Ultimate Cubicle.
"Over the years, DILBERT fans have e-mailed me on all sorts of topics.
And after a while, I began to realize that a common theme among the
majority of them was the fact that most people are highly frustrated
with their cubicles. So I started to think, 'What would DILBERT want
in a cubicle? And how could that in turn translate into a solution for
every employee?' And I think the result is that we've figured out a
possible way to do that." - Scott Adams.
The Society for
Planetary SETI Research.
'The Society for Planetary SETI Research (SPSR) is an organization of
scientists and scholars from a variety of disciplines formed around
their common interest in anomalies on planets and their satellites
whose origins may be the result of intelligent activity. The focus of
SPSR research is primarily the surfaces of Mars and the Moon as revealed
by orbiter and lander investigation. '
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's 1978 Harvard Address.
'The split in today's world is perceptible even to a hasty glance. Any
of our contemporaries readily identifies two world powers, each of them
already capable of entirely destroying the other. However, understanding
of the split often is limited to this political conception, to the
illusion that danger may be abolished through successful diplomatic
negotiations or by achieving a balance of armed forces. The truth is
that the split is a much profounder and a more alienating one, that
the rifts are more than one can see at first glance. This deep manifold
split bears the danger of manifold disaster for all of us, in accordance
with the ancient truth that a Kingdom -- in this case, our Earth --
divided against itself cannot stand. '
Ishtar and Izdubar.
'This is a Victorian poetic translation of the saga of Izdubar. Who is
Izdubar? Izdubar is a literal translation of the ideograph for
'Gilgamesh', and was how the hero of the Gilgamesh saga was known
when this book was written in the 1880s. A lexicographic tablet was
finally discovered several decades later in which Izdubar was equated
with Gilgamesh ... '
'This is a memoir by a non-Mormon about his experiences in the prospecting
camps of Utah at the turn of the 19th century. It was donated to
sacred-texts by the anonymous volunteer who goes by the name of 'Some
Dude'. This is a first-person perspective by an outsider to the then newly
minted state of Utah, which gives both a sympathetic account of the
Mormons, while bringing up some darker aspects about their history. He
also presents a stereotypical portrayal of the Native Americans of the
region ... '
Later Poems of W.B. Yeats.
'This is Yeat's own anthology of his poetry, based on the 1922 edition,
which just meets the pre-1923 requirement for public domain books in
the US. This version includes some of his best known work, including
Easter, 1916 ('A terrible beauty is born'), and The Second Coming
('What rough beast slouches toward Bethlehem...to be born').
Simultaneously hypermodern and bardic, Yeats' poetry speaks to the
21st century with authenticity and mystical clarity. '
Fahrenheit 451 Wikibook.
'The quality of information is a key concept in Fahrenheit 451. This wiki
module is a thought experiment developed with the intent of causing
the reader to think about the quality of information of a wiki while
learning about Ray Bradbury's critically acclaimed novel. Please keep
in mind the fact that any one of the pages in a wiki can be modified
and try to reflect on how this relates to the many themes presented in
the novel. I hope you enjoy this presentation.'
Empire: Impressions from China. Photoessay.
observe a society in a snapshot of time can create a false impression.
Erasing the past is nothing new to China. The Communist Revolution
and the nightmare of the Cultural Revolution are two recent examples
of such iconoclastic behavior. What is different now is the scale and
concentration of the effort. It is distilled in its purity and
awe-inspiring for its totality...'
Diana Walker: Public & Private -
Twenty Years Photographing the Presidency.
'20th is Inauguration Day and it is also Diana Walker's birthday. Walker
grew up in Washington, and every four years, when she was a child,
her parents took her to the Inaugural Parade as a birthday present. She
loved those occasions. Her sense of how Washington politics, journalism,
and public service intertwine began to develop in those days and she
seems to have been born with the social grace that eventually allowed
her to gain access to the presidency ... '
The Carrier. Photoessay aboard a
US aircraft carrier, by Vincent Laforet/
The NY Times.
April 1 2003:
'For almost a month now, I have been aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln
aircraft carrier as part of the military's "embed" process. It's been
an amazing process - a learning process - for both the Navy and the
William Morris and His Circle.
'When William Morris (1834-1896) died one hundred years ago, at the
age of sixty-two, his physician declared that the cause was "simply being
William Morris, and having done more work than most ten men." This
multi-faceted man was at one time or another (and sometimes
simultaneously) a designer and manufacturer of furniture, stained glass,
tapestries, wallpaper and chintzes; an accomplished weaver; a pioneering
preservationist; an active Socialist and social reformer; a successful
poet and novelist; and in his last years, the founder of the Kelmscott
Press. Yet all of these activities were of a piece, unified by several
threads in the tapestry of Morris's life.'
'The Arctic Ocean is the centerpiece of the Circumpolar North. Lands
bordering this region include those of Alaska, Canada,
Greenland/Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia.
Throughout this immense area, economic developers search for oil, gas,
zinc, silver, coal, and similar marketable products. In Alaska,
especially, a major problem restricting this development is land
withdrawal - millions of acres having been set aside for national or
regional parks, military reserves, forests, wildlife refuges, and
wilderness areas ... '
Massachusetts Poets, 1922, ed. William Stanley
"I am glad for my heart whose gates apart / Are the entrance-place of
wonders, / Where dreams come in from the rush and din / Like sheep from
the rains and thunders."
Magazine Verse for 1920, ed. William Stanley
'This snapshot of a year in the public life of the American poetic voice
constitutes 120 works by 75 authors. '
Wagiman Online Dictionary.
'Wagiman is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in Australia's
Northern Territory. On this web site you will find an online dictionary
of Wagiman, as well as some general information about the language and
its speakers, three texts, and some links and references to more
material on Wagiman and other Australian Aboriginal languages.'
The World's Famous Orations, 1906.
'Two millennia of Western Civilization come into focus through these 281
masterpieces by 213 rhetoricians. Selected under the supervision of the
greatest orator of his time, these brief persuasive addresses form both
a window into history's turning points as well as a timeless collection
for any reference shelf.'
Footsteps in Time. The history of Coventry, in
the West Midlands.
'Follow our trail back in time and explore Coventry's rich history
through the words and pictures of local school children.'
Mahatma Gandhi Research and Media Service.
'Devadas Gandhi, the youngest son of Mohandas Karamchand (aka Mahatma -
the Great Soul) Gandhi, had a mission: to document his father's life
visually day-by-day. He contributed to it by putting together the first
major collection of film footage on him for the Gandhi Films Committee,
which made for the later production of Vithalbhai Jhaveri's
cinematographic venture Mahatma and Richard Attenborough's film
Gandhi.' 'Today, it is GandhiServe Foundation's mission to carry on
and complete the task of Devadas Gandhi, who died at a premature age in
Virtual Union Square.
'New York's Union Square Park emerged, in these difficult days after the
terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, as the
quintessential public square - a meeting place for New Yorkers to
exchange their thoughts and ideas, political and spiritual insights and
personal tributes. The original spontaneous outpouring of memorabilia,
political leaflets, and other contributions grew into a folk art
sculpture that spread over the ground, lawns, fences and statues of the
park.' 'From this incredible, organic, but necessarily temporary
monument, came the idea for a virtual Union Square, where all can share
their images or thoughts, in the aftermath of the September 11 tragedy.
Bjornstjerne Bjornson: A Happy Boy, 1917.
'1832-1910, Norwegian writer and political leader, one of the major
figures of Norwegian literature. He was an influential journalist, who
sought to revive Norwegian as a literary language and championed the
rights of the oppressed.- Bjørnson received the 1903 Nobel Prize in
Postcards from the Past: A Brief History of Elgin,
'In 1835, James T. and Hezekiah Gifford, along with Samuel Jewett
Kimball, settled a city that they would name "Elgin" in the state of
Illinois, 38 miles west of Chicago. Situated on the Fox River, Elgin is
directly between the lead mines of Galena and Chicago. Gifford, being a
devoutly religious man, named his new city after a Scottish psalm ...
' ' ... Throughout the years, the triumphs of Elgin would be
celebrated through the production of postcards. The products of such
postcard companies as V. O. Hammon, S. H. Knox, E. C. Kropp and other
would serve two purposes: they not only provide inexpensive ways for
people to communicate, but they also provide a historical record to
buildings or structures that no longer exist ... '
New York Trade Offs: Single Trade Districts.
'New York Trade Offs: Single Trade Districts was written by Victor
Lederer, a freelance writer specializing in New York City's history and
architecture, working with the Museum of the City of New York. In
keeping with the Museum's mission to preserve and present New York
City's history, this virtual exhibition is being presented to highlight
the vanishing business practice of grouping a single trade or industry
into a discrete physical area ...'
Charles H. Hinton (1853-1907)
'invented a gun used in baseball batting practice. [Harper's Weekly, Mar.
20, 1897, 301-2.] He is also known for his speculations on the fourth
dimension. He married a daughter of logican George Boole, but was forced
to leave England after a bigamy conviction. An instructor of mathematics
at Princeton (fired) and assistant professor at Minnesota, he served at
the Naval Observatory and as patent examiner in Washington. There he died
suddenly when asked to give a toast to "female philosophers" at the
Society of Philanthropic Inquiry meeting. '
The Meaning of Food.
'The Meaning of Food is an exploration of culture through food. What we
consume, how we acquire it, who prepares it, who's at the table, and who
eats first is a form of communication that is rich with meaning.'
Mythical British Kings.
'The term King of the Britons refers to the legendary kings of
Celtic Great Britain as recorded by much later authors, including
Nennius, Gildas, and predominantly Geoffrey of Monmouth. Various
lists of the kings survive, although none of the originals. The Welsh
Chronicles supply another good source for early British kings although
they are considered highly unreliable. The kings of the Britons are
considered part of the vast Matter of Britain ... '
American Historical Images On File:
The Native American Experience.
'This collection of historical photographs is provided with the permission
of Facts on File, Inc., and is a comprehensive collection of images of
Native American people. The collection is arranged chronologically from
the prehistoric period and the Paleo-Indians to 1990 and the appointment
of R. Richard West as director of the National Museum of the American
Indian. The collection includes information and images which describe the
lifeways of various tribes and include historical entries for particular
Indian groups. Narrative is provided that provides the historical and
cultural background describing the event, person, or subject presented. '
Generation to Generation.
'Taken over a period of approximately twenty years,
the photographs in this
exhibition are part of a series entitled, Triptychs.
photographs, presented in groups of three, depict
working class families
living in a six-block area of Buffalo, New York's Lower
West Side. The
families were photographed during the 1970s, 1980s,
and 1990s. These
images speak about the importance of family, continuity, and the impact of
the passage of time. Without sentimentality or romanticizing, the
portraits capture the dignity of these individuals and tell their stories
of humor, warmth, vitality, and mortality.'
Sugar & Spicy.
Stanford Medieval & Modern Thought Text Project.
'The goal of this project is to digitize on an ongoing basis
25,000+ pages per year of printed reference works, source collections,
and primary and secondary books in the broad area of medieval and modern
The F.W. de Klerk Foundation.
'The F W de Klerk Foundation is deeply committed to the continuation
of "the miracle" of South Africa's peaceful and democratic
transformation. It is uniquely positioned to play a positive and
constructive role in insuring this continuation. '
Biography of F.W. de Klerk.
The Robert Lehman Collection in the Metropolitan
Museum of Art.
'Thanks to Lehman's acute connoisseurship and adroit negotiation of the
art market, the collection is extremely strong in several areas of
European art. Its approximately three hundred paintings favor the
Italian Renaissance, especially the Sienese school, and the early
northern masters, but range as far afield as the Fauves and beyond.
Its more than seven hundred Old Master drawings include a rich trove
of eighteenth-century Venetian works as well as other important Italian,
French, and northern examples. The remaining two thousand objects in
many media in the collection fall into the category of decorative arts;
the concentrations of Venetian glass and Renaissance majolica are
'Fifty highlights from the department are presented online, organized
by object type (paintings, drawings, and decorative arts) and, within
these categories, loosely by chronology and region.'
The Demotic Magical Papyrus of London and Leiden
(The Leyden Papyrus).
'Dating to the second or third century C.E., this papyrus was key
to the decipherment of the Demotic Ancient Egyptian dialect. It is also
of great importance for the study of magic in antiquity. Included are
spells to cure diseases, obtain visions, raise the dead, etc., as well
as a number of spells for erotic purposes. The text contains invocations
to a wide range of deities and other entities, with names drawn from the
Ancient Egyptian pantheon and the Gnostic Aeons. '
The Tudeh Party of
Iran. A socialist party, mostly based in exile.
'The labour and communist movement in Iran is 71 years old, and this
includes the 51 years of the of the Tudeh Party of Iran, the party of the
Iranian working class. Since its formation the party has been the main
target of attacks by internal reaction and the imperialist forces, who
were dominating the political life of the country in order to plunder its
vast natural resources. Our party, during all these 5 decades, has been
allowed to operate legally for only a few years. The party has been
outlawed by various governments and Tudeh members sent to torture chambers
and firing squads; yet the party has relentlessly continued its struggle,
remaining loyal to the lofty ideals of peace, democracy and socialism.'
The Works of Jane Austen.
'Jane Austen ~ (Dec 16, 1775 - July 18, 1817) is best known for her novels
Pride and Prejudice, Sense
and Sensibility, Emma, and Persuasion, and for her wit and social
'The exhibit you are about to see features 61 American synagogues from 30
different states. Some of these
synagogues have been remodeled or demolished since these postcards were
printed. In image and story, however,
these spiritual buildings remain in memory.'
'On a series of antique doors, California artist Beth Grossman has
illustrated her great-grandmother's
journey from Russia to a new life in the United States. While working on
this project, the artist found
that her own experiences and beliefs resonated strongly with those of her
great-grandmother. This insight
helped her to gain a new perspective on her own identity as an artist and
as a Jewish woman. However, this
story is not only a personal one - it is an American story. In
researching and documenting Bella's life, Ms.
Grossman realized that her great-grandmother's story is intimately
related to the history of other immigrants
to America. "Everyone has his or her own version of the story," she says.
"Viewers who experience the doors are
often prompted to tell their own stories of immigration and search for
heritage." She hopes that these doors
will serve as passageways through which others will begin to explore and
document their own family histories.'
'Red Jessie' :
Biography of a 20th century radical Australian woman.
'Jessie Street?s part in the long 20th century campaign for human rights
stretched over more than 50
years, from the suffrage struggle in England, to the removal of
Australia?s constitutional discrimination
against Aboriginal people in 1967. Her work as lobbyist, government
official, and international activist,
created an intriguing trail of evidence. This website lets you follow that
'California Diners & Coffee Shops of the 1950s & 60s.'
HIV/AIDS in Africa:
Portraits of 26 Women.
'Over the past two years, photographer Sönke C. Weiss traveled throughout
the Congo and southern
Africa, the region hardest hit by HIV/Aids. He wanted to find out about
the women who have been affected by
HIV/Aids there, who they are, what they think, how they deal with the Aids
pandemic, how it affects their
lives and their souls, and what the future holds for them ... '
Uprising in East
'Forty-eight years ago, on June 17, 1953, the German Democratic Republic
(GDR) erupted in a series of workers?
riots and demonstrations that threatened the very existence of the
communist regime. The outburst, entirely
spontaneous, shocked the GDR?s ruling Socialist Unity Party (SED) and
their Kremlin sponsors, who were still
reeling from the death of Joseph Stalin three months earlier. Now, a new
National Security Archive document
volume based on recently obtained and translated records from archival
sources throughout the former Soviet bloc
and the United States sheds light on this landmark Cold War event, which
exposed some of the deep political and
economic rifts that led to the collapse of the communist system in
'Following links will take you to over 70 pictures (average file size 40K)
depicting various moments of Deng's
life, his up's and down's on the political stage.' Official site.
'Take a jump back in time to see the History of the guillotine, or learn
more about the Construction. You
can also see more pictures of the guillotine in the Gallery. Under Names
you will find information on people
related to the guillotine in one way or another.'
Florida Postcard Collection.
Life in the
'The Florida Postcard Collection, Archives and Special Collections
Department, Otto G. Richter Library, University
of Miami, contains approximately 5,000 postcards of Florida buildings,
landmarks, cities and towns, tourist
attractions, and other views. '
Stortroopers are back.
'It's been a while, for reasons too many to list here, but storTroopers
are back - and updated. There's the original classic set, plus the
gothTroopers and a new wardrobe for fashionistaTroopers. We've added a
Creative Commons license, which means that you can add stuff to your
trooper yourself. Plus if you want to create clothes and send them in, we
will surely add the best stuff to future wardrobes, and maybe showcase
your creations! '
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov
'was a Russian physician and writer of short stories and plays. '
'As Chekhov wrote to a friend, "Medicine is my lawful wife, and
literature is my mistress. When I get fed up with one, I spend the night
with the other. Though it is irregular, it is less boring this way, and
besides, neither of them loses anything through my infidelity." '
'We are now pleased to host 201 stories by Chekhov, the entire collections
translated by Constance Garnett, as scanned and annotated by James
'Taking their name from Claude Monet's 'Impression, Sunrise', the
Impressionists were established in Paris during the 1870's.'
Concentrating on relaying the immediate visual effect of the world
around them, using bold brush strokes and contrasts of colour, the
artists initially drew heavy criticism for their perceived naive and
trivial approach to art. '
Online gallery; BBC site.
'Born in 1775, Joseph Mallard William Turner showed artist excellence
from an early age and went on to be voted an Associate Member of The
Royal Academy at only 27.'
'Inspired by 17th Century masters such as Poussin, he experimented
with light and colour, creating masterpieces that pushed the boundaries
of traditional landscape painting.'
Online gallery; BBC site.
'Take a look at our selection of photographs from the '60s,
featuring the leading movers and shakers from the swinging decade.'
'Sada Abe (1905 - after 1970) is famous in Japan for a bizarre
occurrence in 1936.'
'On May 18 of that year, Sada Abe erotically asphyxiated her lover,
Kichizo Ishida, during sex at the hotel he owned. She was employed in
his household following her "retirement" from prostitution, and the two
had become increasingly isolated in their own private world of sexual
passion, jealousy and experimentation. After his death, Sada cut off his
penis and testicles, and wrapped them in paper. She wandered the
streets of Tokyo for three days with his severed parts in her hand. When
she was apprehended on May 21, she was reported to be 'beaming with
In the Realm of the Senses, the widely banned film
based on the Sada Abe story.
A Very Special Exhibit - Artwork in Front of the Veil -
Therapeutic Living Centers for the Blind.
'OutsiderArt.info proudly and with great honor and humility presents A
Very Special Exhibit from the great and colorful artists of the
Therapeutic Living Centers for the Blind. We would like to thank
Cyndi McAuley for the vision and spirit she so boldly communicated
to us and for including us in her wish. A thank you also to the others
at TLC for approving the online exhibit and display of their artists work.
And, most importantly, a great big hug and a jump up and down to the
fantastic artists...Barbara, Carmen, Elizabeth, Jorge, Neil and
Vincent...who have invited us to see color anew, to feel enlightenment
in our hands and our feet and who have, through their art, shown us
things we'd never see alone.'
'Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva (October 9, 1892 - August 31, 1941) was a
Russian poet and writer.'
'Marina Tsvetaeva was born in Moscow. She was one of the most original
of the Russian 20th-century poets, and at the forefront of both the
Acmeist and Symbolist movements in Russia. Her work was not looked kindly
upon by Stalin and the then Bolshevik régime, and her literary
rehabilitation only really began in the 1960s. Tsvetaeva's poetry
arose from her own deeply convoluted personality, her eccentricity
and tightly disciplined use of language. Among her themes were female
sexuality, and the tension in women's private emotions; she bridges the
mutually contradictory schools of Acmeism and symbolism.'
The Evelyn Reed Internet Archive.
'American Socialist-feminist author who pioneered investigation of the
natural and social sciences to expose the sexism built into these
sciences; a member of the American Trotskyist Socialist Workers
Mahatma Gandhi. Online bio.
'Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in the
state of what is now Gujarat on 2 October 1869. He had his schooling
in nearby Rajkot, where his father served as the adviser or prime minister
to the local ruler. Though India was then under British rule, over 500
kingdoms, principalities, and states were allowed autonomy in domestic and
internal affairs: these were the so-called 'native states'. Rajkot was one
such state ... '
Timeline of Unfulfilled Christian Prophecy.
'This page seeks to record events that were prophesied by prophets or
leaders within the Christian church, but which never came to pass.'
For example :
'Tens of thousands of people are converted in Britain. The faces of all
Christians shine God's glory and unbelievers fall down in front of them
in supermarkets. (Kenneth Copeland) '
Esta Es Mi Virtual Boricua.
'VirtualBoricua.org is a labor of love borne from our collective
stateside experience. It is about documenting, honoring-y, a veces,
regañando-metropolitan Puerto Ricans of every persuasion.
VirtualBoricua.org covers contemporary news from a progressive vantage
point-and showcases Boricua artists. '
The Royal African Society.
'Now more than 100 years old, the Royal African Society today is
Britain's primary Africa organisation, promoting Africa's cause. Through
its journal, African Affairs, and by organising meetings, discussions
and other activities, the Society strengthens links between Africa and
Britain and encourages understanding of Africa and its relations with
the rest of the world. '
Biography of Gertrude Stein.
'Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 - July 27, 1946) was an American
writer, poet, feminist, playwright, and catalyst in the development of
modern art and literature, who spent most of her life in France.'
The Ovid Project.
'The importance of such classical authors as Ovid to the art, music, and
literature of western civilization is legendary, yet many are not
familiar with the original works that have provided this inspiration.
The University of Vermont's rare book department contains an extensive
collection of illustrated works of Ovid. Included are several editions
of engravings by the 17th century German artist, Johann Wilhelm Bauer,
depicting 150 scenes from the Metamorphoses. Each scene has a brief
description in both Latin and German. Some plates from a 1640 edition of
the translation done by George Sandys are also available. '
Votes for Women: Selections from the National
American Woman Suffrage Association Collection.
'The NAWSA Collection consists of 167 books, pamphlets and other
artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign. They are a subset of the
Library's larger collection donated by Carrie Chapman Catt, longtime
president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, in
November of 1938. The collection includes works from the libraries of
other members and officers of the organization including: Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Alice Stone Blackwell, Julia Ward
Howe, Elizabeth Smith Miller, Mary A. Livermore. '
The Opium Wars. History of the Opium Wars in
'DISTILLED FROM THE JUICE OF POPPY SEEDS grown in South and Southeast
Asia, the narcotic opium has had an enormous impact, which continues
even today, on the economic and societal conditions of the countries
that make up the Pacific Rim. Opium became an object of international
trade very early on, but in the 18th and 19th centuries, with perhaps
the exclusion of Japan, the rampant use of the highly addictive drug
threatened to destroy the psyche and social fabric of entire nations and
The Bayeux Tapestry.
'The Bayeux Tapestry is an embroidery that is roughly 20 inches tall and
230 feet long. It tells the story of the events leading up to and
including the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066.'
Warnings from the Ice.
'Welcome to the companion site for the NOVA program "Warnings from the
Ice," originally broadcast on April 21, 1998. Over the last half-
century, the coastal ice on the Antarctic Peninsula has been gradually
disappearing. Scientists are beginning to wonder if we are on the verge
of a great flood that may consume the world's coastlines. In the
program, a group of scientists heads south to Antarctica in the race to
answer questions and heed the warnings from the ice.'
Andrei Sakharov: Soviet Physics, Nuclear Weapons,
and Human Rights.
'Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989) was a Soviet physicist who became, in the
words of the Nobel Peace Committee, a spokesman for the conscience of
mankind. He was fascinated by fundamental physics and cosmology, but
first he spent two decades designing nuclear weapons. He came to be
regarded as the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, contributing perhaps
more than anyone else to the military might of the USSR. But gradually
Sakharov became one of the regime's most courageous critics, a defender
of human rights and democracy. He could not be silenced, and helped
bring down one of history's most powerful dictatorships. This exhibit
tells about Sakharov's extraordinary life.'
Pygmalion and Galatea.
'Pygmalion saw so much to blame in women that he came at last to abhor
the sex, and resolved to live unmarried. He was a sculptor, and had made
with wonderful skill a statue of ivory, so beautiful that no living
woman came anywhere near it. It was indeed the perfect semblance of a
maiden that seemed to be alive, and only prevented from moving by
modesty. His art was so perfect that it concealed itself and its product
looked like the workmanship of nature. Pygmalion admired his own work,
and at last fell in love with the counterfeit creation. Oftentimes he
laid his hand upon it as if to assure himself whether it were living or
not, and could not even then believe that it was only ivory ... '
The Lyric Theatre, Blacksburg, Virginia.
'The Lyric was built in 1929 and opened on April 17, 1930. In the 1950s
the Lyric was renovated and the original corner pieces on either side of
the stage were removed to make way for a new cinemascope screen. The
tapestries along the sidewalls were covered up by curtains and the
lanterns were removed. The Kelsey family operated the Lyric until 1989
when the construction of a multiplex at a nearby mall forced it to
close. Virginia Tech briefly used the Lyric as a classroom but for most
of the period from 1989 to 1996 it remained closed.' 'In 1995, a
group of citizens banded together to create The Lyric Council, which was
determined to reopen the Lyric and return it to its former glory. They
were able to negotiate a 30-year rent-free lease with owners of the
building in return for raising the money and completing the renovations
of the theater. The projection equipment was repaired, the concession
stand was cleaned up, a new coat of paint was applied to the lobby, and
in 1996 the Lyric was reopened for the first time in 8 years ... '
Ghosts of the Lyric -
play the text adventure.
'Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon on April 25th 1599. Since his
death as Lord Protector in 1658 his life, ambitions, motives and actions
have been the subject of scholarly investigation and intense, often
vitriolic, debate. Whatever position is taken on Cromwell, "Chief of
Men" or "Brave Bad Man", his importance as a key figure in one of the
most troubled periods of British history is unassailable.'
St. Petersburg 1900, A Photo Travelogue.
'I got the idea for this online travelogue when I came across an old
beat up copy of the Burton Holmes Travelogue for Russia. The book was
interesting to me for a couple of reasons; one, it was curious to see
the unique American view of Russia in the first years of the 20th
century, and two, the photography was great showing some things I had
never seen before ... '
Mary Seacole 1805-1881.
'Mary Seacole was a pioneering nurse and heroine of the Crimean War.
Born Mary Jane Grant, in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1805, her father was a
Scottish soldier, and her mother a Jamaican mulatto. Mary learned her
nursing skills from her mother, who kept a boarding house for invalid
soldiers. Although technically 'free', being of mixed race, Mary and her
family had few civil rights - they could not vote, hold public office or
enter the professions. '
Alamkara: 5000 Years of Indian Art.
'A significant number of people of Singapore are of Indian origin. As
part of an initiative to present the ancient heritage of the people of
Singapore, in 1994-95 the Government of Singapore held an exhibition
Alamkara: 5000 Years of Indian Art, at the National Museum, Singapore.
The exhibition was organized by Asian Civilizations Museum, National
Heritage Board, Singapore and National Museum, New Delhi , and ran from
July 1994 to January 1995.'
'The Alamkara website, originally at http://www.ncb.gov.sg/nhb/alam/
(site no longer live) was hugely popular in the early days of the World-
wide Web, but was taken down at the end of the exhibition. I thought it
was a well developed online exhibition, and decided to resurrect it in
February of 2002...'
'Welcome to Ricci Adams' Musictheory.net. To begin your journey into the
realm of music, please select a lesson, trainer, or utility from the
The Goodspeed New Testament Manuscript Collection.
'The Goodspeed Collection of New Testament Manuscripts comprises 65
items that range in date from the 7th to the 19th centuries. The
acquisition of these hitherto unknown manuscripts was spearheaded by
Edgar J. Goodspeed in the first half of the twentieth century in order
to support new scholarship in the humanities. '
'The Library plans to continue the scholarly tradition of the collection
by creating a collection of high-quality digital images from the 65 New
Testament manuscripts and an additional 100 papyri fragments in order to
support new types of research and teaching made possible by digital
Walt Whitman Collection.
"I celebrate myself; / And what I assume you shall assume; / For every
atom belonging to me, as good belongs to you."
'Cyberpunk (a portmanteau of cybernetics and punk) is a sub-genre of
science fiction which focuses on computers or information technology.
The plot of cyberpunk literature often revolves around the conflict
between hackers, artificial intelligences, and megacorps. It is the
result of a self-correction in the science fiction genre, which
classically had ignored the importance of information technology...'
Through the Ages.
'Paintings are made from mud and a stick with hairs... ' 'Pigments
are the basis of all paints, and have been used for millennia. They are
ground colored material. Early pigments were simply as ground earth or
clay, and were made into paint with spit or fat. Modern pigments are
often sophisticated masterpieces of chemical engineering.'
'This exhibit includes most important pigments used through the early
Galatea. A piece of interactive fiction based on
an original interpretation of the myth of the sculptor
Pygmalion, who fell in love with a statue.
'Much traditional Interactive Fiction offers exploration and interaction
with an imagined environment. Galatea offers a conversation. The title
character has moods, background, and memory; how she treats you will
depend on how you choose to treat her. There is no single plot, and no
one pathway through the story. The endings are numerous. '
'In 1926 the German art historian Max Friedländer attributed a group of
late-fifteenth-century Netherlandish paintings of the Virgin Mary and
Christ Child in identical poses to an unknown artist whom he called the
"Master of the Embroidered Foliage." Friedländer likened the way that
the foliage was painted in these works to the repeated pattern of
stitches in embroidery, thus the unusual name for the artist. '
Who is the Master of the Embroidered Foliage?
Murder at Harvard.
'In November 1849, Dr. George Parkman, one of Boston's richest citizens,
suddenly disappeared. The police conducted an extensive search of the
city and dredged the Charles River. Parkman had last been seen walking
towards the Harvard Medical College. The Medical School's janitor,
Ephraim Littlefield, who had a suspicion where Parkman might be found,
spent two grueling nights tunneling beneath a basement laboratory
looking for clues. What he discovered horrified Boston and led to one of
the most sensational trials in American history.'
The Ivy League.
'The Ivy League is an association of eight American universities, named
for the ivy plants traditionally covering their older buildings. The
term "Ivy League" has connotations of academic excellence as well as a
certain amount of elitism. These schools are also sometimes
affectionately referred to as the Ancient Eight.'
Pratyasha Cancer Children's Welfare Society.
' 'Pratyasha' (a Malayalam word, which means 'Hope') is a support group
for children with cancer -- a helping hand for families of children and
young people with cancer ...
Though the area of activity is the entire Kerala state, the beneficiaries
will be selected mainly from those who seek medical care from the Regional
Cancer Centre. The aim of the society is to extend a helping hand to
paediatric cancer patients by identifying the needy ad providing them
with medicines, emotional support and helping in the rehabilitation of
the cured. The organisation believes that it can bring a smile on the
children's face with the hope of relieving some of the stress from the
parents, may be for just a short period, or for lasting memories. '
Biography of Stalin.
'Even when speaking in Russian, their Russian teachers mocked Stalin and
his classmates because of their Georgian accents. His peers, most of whom
were the sons of rich priests, officials, and merchants, also ridiculed
Soso. They made fun of his ragged school uniform and his pockmarked face.
Young Soso learned to overcome his tormenters by intimidating them. He
exploited the weaknesses of his fellow students by brutally mocking them.
To avoid physical confrontation, he scorned his aggressors by accusing
them of using violence as "a substitute for brains." He would then assert
leadership over his peers.'
The Samuel Beckett Endpage.
'Begun 26 November 1996, The Samuel Beckett Endpage is intended as a
multiple resource site for all
those interested in the life and works of Samuel Beckett. It also
houses the official page of the
The Samuel Beckett Society.'
'Come inside Lian Shan Shuang Lin Monastery, located in Singapore. Not
that you have to leave your
chair to go there! Moving your mouse over this vast complex, you can let
yourself in wherever you
like. Not only that, each time you do, information about about what
you see - including the
architecture, different Buddhist statues and interior decoration - is
Brief History of Rap.
'Rap represents the ultimate expression of attitude in popular culture,
provoking even more outrage
than Rock 'n Roll in the 50s and Punk in the 70s. MARK LAMARR charts
the story of Rap and introduces
listeners to an important musical and social phenomenon. '
The Doctrine of
the Last Things,
'This is an analysis of Judeo-Christian eschatology (doctrine about
the end of the world), by a
distinguished 19th century Biblical scholar. Rev. Oesterley delves
into the Jewish roots of the
Christian concept of the end of the world. '
'Chaim Soutine was born in 1893 in Smilovichi, a small Jewish settlement
not far from Minsk, then
the territory of the Russian Empire, now Byelorussia. He was the 10th
child in an extremely poor
family of a mender with 11 children. Chaim's early interest in drawing
was strongly opposed by his
own family. His elder brothers beat him - and more than once - as a true
Jew was forbidden to draw.
When Chaim was 15, a sad accident with a neighbor took place - Chaim
offered to draw the old man's
portrait, and the sons of the man beat him cruelly. Chaim's usually
humble mother decided to act
this time, went to court and won it. The compensation of 25 rubles allowed
Chaim to go to Minsk and
enter an art college. A year later Chaim moved to Vilnus (now the
capital of Lithuania) to apply to
the School of Fine Arts for a 3-year course ... '
'...make yourself at home! Nozal's studio. Nov, you are in Spain, in a
little village named Palencia, heart of the Castilla.'
Meryl Truett: Thump Queen.
'Growing up in the South has given me a rare vantage point from which to
observe the ever-changing landscape of a region in transition. I am drawn
to the images that are so familiar, yet so alien to me.' 'From crude
back-roads signs to eccentric and sometimes humorous records of the quirky
manifestations of Southern culture, my photographs capture a particular
vision of vanishing iconography and a certain moment in time.'
'I seek to collect, document, and preserve the objects, signs, and places
of my memory before the infiltration of development and corporate
mono-culture transforms the landscape forever.'
Adachi Museum of
'Set in a beautiful natural environment, the Adachi Museum of Art is well
known for both its superb Japanese gardens and its collection of
contemporary Japanese paintings, comprising approximately 1,300 of the
country's most highly regarded paintings produced after the Meiji era and
centering on the works of Taikan YOKOYAMA. ' Gallery. Garden.
Kuapa Kokoo Ghana.
'Kuapa Kokoo is a cocoa farmers co-operative organisation that works to
improve the lot of their members. It was established in 1993.'
'From the dawn of Polish history Wawel Hill in Cracow was a centre of
secular and ecclesiastical power. The establishment in 1000 of the
bishopric of Cracow was soon followed by the construction on Wawel of the
'The Heritage Centre collections highlight the social, agricultural
and industrial aspects of rural England over the past 150 years or so,
a period which includes the rise and fall and rise again of the Kennet
and Avon Canal, and the railway with its rapid links to both East and
the Ducal Palace in Gubbio.
'The studiolo from the ducal palace in Gubbio, one of the most
important works of art of the Italian Renaissance in America, is now
accessible online. As you explore the studiolo, be sure to select
"enlarge," "video," or "audio" (when applicable) at the top center of
each page to enhance your tour with detailed images and melodious
"Quiet Mountain Tibetan Buddhist Resource Guide is one of the
most comprehensive Buddhist resources on the web period.
With its newly designed entry page, it continues to be a work
in progress worth visiting over and over. A must see for those
interested in Tibetan lineages." - eDharma Magazine.
The Virtual Altair Museum.
'Altairs were originally "Hobbyist" computers and have their roots in
kits. Altair construction manuals have step-by-step instructions like
radio kits of the era. Prior to Altairs, electronic hobbyists built
short wave radio kits sold by vendors such as Heathkit. The kits used
transistors and even vacum tubes. Integrated circuits were new to the
consumer market. ' 'Altairs helped define the "personal" in
Personal Computers. These machines where part of an open architecture
concept that later made the PC successful. The S-100 bus allowed
Altairs to be expanded and created opportunities for other companies
to form. '
Curtis's North American Indian.
'The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most
significant and controversial representations of traditional American
Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from
1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the
image of Indians in popular culture. Curtis said he wanted to document
"the old time Indian, his dress, his ceremonies, his life and
manners." In over 2000 photogravure plates and narrative, Curtis
portrayed the traditional customs and lifeways of eighty Indian
tribes. The twenty volumes, each with an accompanying portfolio, are
organized by tribes and culture areas encompassing the Great Plains,
Great Basin, Plateau Region, Southwest, California, Pacific Northwest,
and Alaska. Featured here are all of the published photogravure images
including over 1500 illustrations bound in the text volumes, along
with over 700 portfolio plates. '
The Clan MacLean.
"The clan had its foundation first and foremost in the deeply rooted
Celtic principle of kindness,
a mixture of kinship and long tradition, stronger than any written
law." - Sir Fitzroy Maclean in "The Isles of the Sea"
'The subject of this short handscroll is taken from one the best-known
poems of the famous Tang poet Bo Zhuyi. Composed in 816, the poem
tells the tale of the exiled poet who late one autumn evening hears
the sounds of the lute from a boat moored by the riverside and finds a
former lady of the court, now married to a country merchant, playing
songs on the lute that remind them both of their former years at the
Autumn Landscape, 1618.
'Two men are shown sitting in conversation in a thatched-roof open
pavilion that is perched on pilings set into the riverbank. In an
enjoining pavilion two servants are in attendance. In the foreground
is a rustic fence and a gate left open to welcome the next visitor.
Described here is the perfect idyllic retreat, a place isolated from
the clamor of ordinary life, and fit for the quiet contemplation of
nature--the perfect life, as defined by the gentlemen-scholars of
Moucheron: Villa d'Este, Tivoli, 1739.
'Like so many northerners before and since, he fell in love with the
dream of Italy: a place of timeless grace and beauty, with ancient
ruins and Renaissance palaces bathed in warm Italian sunlight.'
Bonnet: Head of Flora, 1769.
'This portrait, once thought to be a likeness of Madame de Pompadour
but now known as an image of Boucher's seventeen-year-old daughter
Marie-Emilie, is one of the greatest achievements in French
eighteenth-century color printmaking. '
'For Metzinger, Cubism was a system by which multiple perspectives
could be juxtaposed on a single plane; his almost monochromatic
palette meant that the viewer is not distracted from the study of
perspective. Metzinger was an early proponent of Cubism and wrote some
of the first important theoretical essays on it. '
Hawaii's Last Queen.
'On January 16, 1893, four boatloads of United States Marines armed
with Gatling guns and hundreds of rounds of ammunition came ashore in
Honolulu, capital of the independent Kingdom of Hawaii. As the Royal
Hawaiian band played a concert at the Hawaiian Hotel, 162 troops
marched through the streets of Honolulu, heading for the palace. The
Queen of Hawaii, Lili'uokalani, looked down from her balcony as the
troops took up their positions ...'
The Lenin Museum,
'The original function of the museum was to present the life and ideas
of Lenin. The museum ethos was to remain aloof from the ideological
education practised by other Lenin museums, as well as from a tendency
toward a 'Lenin cult'. Today, the museum, among other things,
collects, exhibits and researches material related to Lenin's life and
activities and the history of the Soviet Union/Russia, particularly
where the material relates to connections with Finland and the Finns.
After the disintegration of the Soviet Union many documents, creating
a more accurate picture of Lenin, have been unearthed from various
archives. In the 1990s the old objects and symbol world of old Soviet
socialism became museum goods. At the same time that this unique body
of material faces the threat of destruction, the importance of the
Lenin museum as the recorder of an entire era has grown. '
'Jake Thackray was a singer-songwriter in the French tradition, a
"chansonnier" whose songs are nevertheless convincingly and
idiosyncratically English. This is scarcely surprising. After
graduating from Durham University, Jake spent four years in France as
a teacher where the likes of Jaques Brel and his particular hero
Georges Brassens made their indelible mark. The influence of their
songs and story telling propelled Jake towards his own writing and
singing style. But despite this Gallic background his songs are no
mere copies; they are firmly and recognisably rooted in the English
countryside, character and language. They are also painfully funny,
sad, tragic, rude, irreverent, incisive and happy, and often enough
all these things at the same time. In short, they are unique. '