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15th August


A Personal History of Anaesthesia.
'I have been writing this book, on and off, for nearly 20 years.It traces my life from conception to retirement, and highlights the many connections I have had with anaesthetic agents throughout my life, including the 38 years I worked in the National Health Service (UK) as a full-time anaesthetist. '

Medieval Manuscript Manual.
'This manual was created in the course of various cultural heritage-projects at the Department of Medieval Studies at Central European University, Budapest. It should offer basic information on the topic Medieval Manuscripts to be comprehended and utilized also by non-specialists in the field. It might be applied as general background knowledge, teaching module, and distance learning unit.'

Japanese Prints at the V&A.
'This Resource Box explores the art of ukiyo-e Japanese Print including the works of Utamaro, Hokusai, Hiroshige and Kuniyoshi. '

The Emma Goldman Papers.
'Emma Goldman (1869–1940) stands as a major figure in the history of American radicalism and feminism. An influential and well-known anarchist of her day, Goldman was an early advocate of free speech, birth control, women's equality and independence, and union organization. Her criticism of mandatory conscription of young men into the military during World War I led to a two-year imprisonment, followed by her deportation in 1919. For the rest of her life until her death in 1940, she continued to participate in the social and political movements of her age, from the Russian Revolution to the Spanish Civil War.'

The World Trade Center. Images, architecture.
New York skyline with and without WTC.

Jazzfest Archives.
'Jazzfest Archives is an online art exhibit dedicated to sharing the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival experience through the photography of Dino Perrucci.The scale of Dino's photography (during the 2003 Jazz Festival, he photographed 97 different live music performances) reflects the scale of the festival itself. Each year, thousands of musicians and festival-goers make the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival an unforgettable event. Dino's photography captures the sights, sounds, and emotions that make up Jazzfest. Bring that experience home with limited edition prints of any photo found on the site.'

Alfred Lord Tennyson: The Charge of the Light Brigade. A digital facsimile.

A View on Cities.
'Welcome to 'A View On Cities', a site dedicated to the sights and attractions in some of the world's greatest cities. If you're making plans for a city trip or you just want to get an idea of the landmarks and attractions in a specific city, the city index is a good place to start...'

Late Antique & Medieval Manuscripts. An online survey.

Mr. Miami Beach.
'A master promoter who produced elaborate spectacles to sell bicyles and cars, Carl Fisher had already made a fortune and built a motor speedway in his native Indianapolis when he was seized by a vision. On a narrow spit of Florida swamp land, Fisher created Miami Beach, a tropical paradise of sand and palm trees, then masterminded a dazzling sales campaign. It worked -- until a devastating hurricane and the stock market crash of 1929 brought an end to his dreamworks. '

The CLR James Archive. Trinidad-born Marxist thinker.
'C.L.R. James spent his last years in Brixton, south London. He lived simply and quietly in a small room filled with books, music and art. His television set was usually switched on and it stood in the centre of the floor. James recreated a whole world within that cramped space. It was here, too, that he received visitors, those people who sought him out for his practical political advice, for the developed historical perspective and range of his analysis; but, above all, for the sheer vitality and humanity of his vision. From my desk in the corner of that Brixton room I would watch his eyes grow bright and his face become sharp and eager as he responded to questions, moving always with imagination and ease, from the concrete details of particular situations into broader, historical and philosophical issues. Frequently he surprised visitors by asking them detailed questions about themselves, their backgrounds, experiences, education, work, absorbing the information, as he had done throughout his life, as a fundamental part of his outlook on the world. At other times, James retreated; and I watched him sitting in his old armchair, his once powerful frame almost buried beneath a mountain of rugs, completely absorbed in his reading, pausing occasionally only to scribble or exclaim in the margins of the book.'

The Flag of India.

Helen Gandy. 'Helen W. Gandy (April 8, 1897-July 7, 1988) was an American civil servant. Gandy, who at age twenty-one left her native New Jersey for Washington, D.C., was the secretary to Federal Bureau of Investigation director J. Edgar Hoover for fifty-four years. Hoover called her "indispensable" and she exercised great behind-the-scenes influence on Hoover and the workings of the Bureau. Following Hoover's death in 1972, she spent weeks destroying his "Personal File," thought to be where the most incriminating material he used to manipulate and control the most powerful figures in Washington was kept.'

Captive Imagery. Art by prisoners.
'Our goal is to represent the most talented artists currently incarcerated in the worlds prisons. Our staff evaluates samples, accepting and rejecting potential clients, on a daily basis. This means our site is growing and changing every week, with only the BEST prison artists achieving representation.'

Over the Hedge. Online comic.
'Created by Michael Fry and T Lewis, Over the Hedge takes a freshly skewed look at suburban living from the perspective of the animals who lived there first. The comic strip stars RJ, a mischievous raccoon, and Verne, his sensitive best-buddy turtle. Together they philosophize about life and adapt their woodland habitat to incorporate all the creature comforts that suburbia has to offer. A couple of boisterous "Boyz in the Wood," RJ and Verne make a hilarious pair as they fight to save their wooded wonderland from the evils and temptations of encroaching suburbia but end up becoming distracted by wide-screen TVs, discarded fast food, comfy lawn furniture and the fun of wreaking havoc with the local homeowners' association. '

Lance Armstrong. Online cartoons about the Tour de France champion.

Generic Names for Soft Drinks by County. Mapping the US by pop, coke, soda, and others.

A Perl Timeline.
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13th August


A Japanese Guide to Japanese Grammar. 'This site explains Japanese grammar in a systematic step-by-step process and is released under the Creative Commons License (2.0). It was created as a resource for those who want to learn Japanese grammar in a rational, intuitive way that makes sense in Japanese. The explanations are focused on how to make sense of the grammar not from English but from a Japanese point of view. '

Photo London. 'London's libraries, museums and archives possess a treasure house of modern and historic photographs of London. The photoLondon website exists to highlight and promote these collections.'

Pittsburgh Signs. Photography.

Sam's Mailbox Pictures. 'I have always been intrigued by the ability of a craftsman to take a boring mailbox and make it into a thing of interest, adventure or beauty-- Or simply mount it in a way to catch my eye-- I know that we all see them every day but some are really neat-- below are a few--'

The Zo d'Axa Internet Archive (1864-1930). French radical.
'Amnestied for his desertion, he returned to France in 1889, and in 1891 began publication of his first newspaper, "L'Endehors." Though he refused to call himself an anarchist, the journal was a focal point for fin de siecle anarchists, and his violent attacks on the established order earned Zo d'Axa, as well as the other editors of "L'Endehors," time in prison. When Axa started a campaign to raise funds for the families of the imprisoned, he was charged with the crime of associating with criminals...'

The Face of Slavery and Other Early Images of African Americans. 'What we call "history" is born from a collage of glimpses and images, insights and documents. And while this Gallery does not presume to tell the comprehensive story of early photography and African Americans, it does offer tantalizing glimpses into the past. During the half-century covered by these photographs, African Americans fought slavery, withstood brutal racial hatred, and struggled to escape from poverty. Sometimes the camera was their ally... sometimes it was an instrument of prejudice... but often it was an observer, recording the images that we recognize today as the raw material of history.'

Frank Lloyd Wright Wasmuth Portfolio.
'This collection contains 131 images of the prints and overlays with accompaning text in English and German from the Wasmuth Portfolio of Frank Lloyd Wright. Originally published in Berlin in 1910 by Ernst Wasmuth, the German title "Ausgeführte Bauten und Entwürfe von Frank Lloyd Wright," translates to "Studies and Executed Buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright." '
'The Wasmuth Portfolio was a collaborative effort between Ernst Wasmuth, a Berlin publisher and Frank Lloyd Wright. It was Wasmuth's idea to publish a complete folio of Wright's work to date. The project was completed during Wright's first trip to Europe in 1909, and was published in 1910-11. The collection of Wright's houses and commercial buildings received far more attention and praise in Europe than in the United States. Contemporary architects called it "the most important book of the century." '

The Karl Bodmer Aquatint Collection. 'During the years 1832 to 1834, the German naturalist Prince Maximilian zu Wied led an expedition to the Upper Missouri region of North America. The description of this journey, Travels in the Interior of North America (in italic), published after his return to Europe, provided one of the most significant collections of ethnological information available concerning the nineteenth-century American Plains Indian. This book was illustrated with eighty-one aquatints, the work of Karl Bodmer (1809-1893), a young Swiss artist, who accompanied Maximilian on his journey. The years of Maximilian's expedition were pivotal in American history. As fur traders penetrated farther up the Missouri River and western migration along the Oregon Trail commenced, the end of an era for the Plains Indian began. Maximilian and Bodmer arrived just in time to record the landscapes and cultures that would soon be irrevocably altered. '

Seeing Double: Cloning Humans with a Camera.

Do You Believe?: A Ghostly Gallery. Ghosts in photographs.

A Brief History of Algebra and Computing: An Eclectic Oxonian View.

Scrolls from the Dead Sea: The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Scholarship.

Jersey Heritage Trust. Extensive online 'museum' about the English Channel island.

Raphael's Rooms in the Vatican. Official Vatican site.

Cool Winds: Fan Paintings from China and Japan.

Benjamin Franklin. Interesting PBS site.

IBM Archives. Online history of IBM.

National Museum of Fine Art, Copenhagen. Many good online features.

New Zealand Fighter Pilots Museum. Great site.

The Flat Earth Society. Still kicking after all these years.
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11th August


Lewis and Clark: Maps of Exploration 1507-1814.
'No one knew more about the geography of North America in his own day than Thomas Jefferson. A skilled surveyor and cartographer, he was engaged in a lifelong search for geographic knowledge. Jefferson studied the history of geography from the emerging worldviews of the ancients to the latest exploratory charts and maps of the American West. He amassed a remarkably thorough and varied collection of explorers' accounts, geographic works, and maps for his personal library. Moreover, although Jefferson himself never traveled west of Warm Springs, Virginia, he was America's first great Westerner. Promoter of four attempts to reach the Pacific, he personally planned the successful expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark from 1804 to 1806...'

Newspaper Nishikie: The Art of Meiji Mayhem.
'Graphic true stories from Japan as portrayed and reported by woodblock artists and writers.'

Tasmanian Wildlife.

Life of King Edward the Confessor.
'Cambridge University Library MS. Ee.3.59 contains the only copy of an illustrated Anglo-Norman verse Life of St Edward the Confessor, written in England probably in the later 1230s or early 1240s, and preserved in this manuscript, executed c. 1250-60. '

Creating French Culture: Treasures from the Bibliotheque Nationale de France.
'Throughout French history the powerful have sought to harness culture to their own ends. They understood that the representation of power--what today we call "image"--is a form of power itself. They patronized artists, artisans, and intellectuals who produced works that proclaimed the legitimacy of their rule, reinforced their authority, and enhanced their prestige. At times, they stifled creative impulses incompatible with their ambition. The relationship between power--or politics--and culture in French history is thus an ambivalent one, defined as much by conflict and censorship as by cooperation and patronage. '

Women Children's Book Illustrators.
'The world of children's book illustration is filled with prolific and accomplished men and women. My curiosity about some of my predecessors sent me on a quest to discover the history of this noble profession and its participants. I was surprised to find in book after book that very few women were included. There was a mention here or there and a few images, but little else. The number of women's biographies seemed disproportionately low compared to the number of women illustrators involved in the children's book field. '

John Townsend: Newport Cabinetmaker.
'In the second half of the 18th century, the New England seaport of Newport, Rhode Island, was a leading center of the cabinetmaking business, with members of the Townsend and Goddard families dominating the trade. Chief among them was John Townsend (1733-1809), one of colonial America's preeminent craftsmen and one of the few 18th-century cabinetmakers to sign and date his work...'

Saxon Churches in Britain.

African=American Experience in Ohio 1850-1920.
'This selection of manuscript and printed text and images drawn from the collections of the Ohio Historical Society illuminates the history of black Ohio from 1850 to 1920, a story of slavery and freedom, segregation and integration, religion and politics, migrations and restrictions, harmony and discord, and struggles and successes. '

Virginia Woolf's Psychiatric History. The link posted a few days back seems to be now dead - however the site has been archived at http://www.archive.org, so this link can be used instead.
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10th August


The Patent Room. 'Welcome to our museum of early design and illustration. The drawings featured here were found in original patent applications and reflect the design styles of the 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s.'

Origins of Tibetan Art.

Tudor Portraits. 'This is a site that is dedicated to making portraits and other works of art from the Tudor and Elizabethan era available to everyone for the purpose of research and education. '

Vintage Pens.

Assisi. 'Welcome to the town of Assisi, the home of Sts. Francis and Clare, in the Umbria region of Italy. By clicking on the pictures below you can take a short walking tour of the town visiting the major Franciscan sites in the city.'

Free Sounds.

Shopiere. Great blog.

Greta Garbo.

Astronomy 161: The Solar System. A series of lectures, but well browsing through, especially the historical pieces on the development of our modern view of the Solar System.

Ukiyo-e World. Essays on Japanese prints.

Leighton-Linslade Virtual Museum. The history of Leighton Buzzard and Linslade, in Bedfordshire.
'Welcome to the Leighton-Linslade Virtual Museum. Here we hope to preserve images relating to the history of the town and provide information on the changes that have taken place since its existence was first recorded in 1086. As you move around the site you will find a selection of items showing what life was like in Leighton Buzzard and Linslade, including domestic and commercial artefacts, information on prominent people and images of architecturally interesting buildings. Use the floor plan to access the galleries that are available so far.'
For example, baskets and brooms.

The Mysterious Etruscans. 'Nearly the whole of Italy was once under Etruscan Rule - Cato 2nd Century BCE) ...'
Etruscan art, religion, cities, and history.

American Folk. People, folklore and popular culture. Great postcards.

Mapping the National Parks. (USA) 'The Mapping the National Parks collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately 200 maps dating from the 17th century to the present, reflecting early mapping of the areas that would become four National Parks, as well as the parks themselves. '

The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789.

Railroad Maps 1828-1900. 'The Railroad maps represent an important historical record, illustrating the growth of travel and settlement as well as the development of industry and agriculture in the United States. They depict the development of cartographic style and technique, highlighting the achievement of early railroaders. Included in the collection are progress report surveys for individual lines, official government surveys, promotional maps, maps showing land grants and rights-of-way, and route guides published by commercial firms. '

The Karl Radek Internet Archive. Bolshevik journalist, who died in prison under Stalin.
Through Germany in the Sealed Coach, 1924.

Creative Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten 1932-1964. 'The Carl Van Vechten Photographs Collection at the Library of Congress consists of 1,395 photographs taken by American photographer Carl Van Vechten (1880-1964) between 1932 and 1964. The bulk of the collection consists of portrait photographs of celebrities, including many figures from the Harlem Renaissance. '

Clara Bow. Silent movie star.

Trotsky.

Joop's Dog Log. 'Joop (1992/94? - 2005) was our handsome goodhearted 'boerenfox' (farmer's fox terrier). For three good years he lived with us in the small town of Paterswolde, The Netherlands. We found Joop in 2002 in an animal shelter in Zuidwolde...'
Via MeFi.
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9th August


Scotland and Medicine. 'Welcome to Scotland & Medicine: Collections & Connections - enjoy discovering the many amazing contributions that Scotland has made to the world of medicine, and all the fascinating connections to our everyday lives.'

Jatakamala. Past lives of the Buddha in Himalayan art.

Third Person, First Person: Slave Voices from the Duke University Special Collections Library.

Still Going On: Celebrating the Life and Times of William Grant Still.
'Born in Woodville, Mississippi, and reared in Little Rock, Arkansas, William Grant Still (1895-1978) became the first African American composer to have a symphony performed by an American orchestra. Mr. Still's Afro-American Symphony was premiered by the Eastman Rochester Philharmonic with Howard Hanson in 1931. The symphony was performed by 34 other American and European orchestras during the 1930s...'

Arguing the World.
'From cafeterias to cocktail parties to the pages of important magazines and journals, few groups of friends have argued ideas so passionately and so publicly as the writers and critics known as the New York Intellectuals. Rising from America's working class they went on to wield great influence in the second half of the twentieth century. ARGUING THE WORLD is the portrait of four members of this group: Irving Kristol, Irving Howe, Daniel Bell, and Nathan Glazer. It is the story of a lifelong political argument among brilliant and engaging individuals who came of age as radicals at the City College of New York during the Great Depression and then journeyed across the political spectrum.'

The Crusades.
'The Crusades were a series of several military campaigns-usually sanctioned by the Papacy-that took place during the 11th through 13th centuries. Originally, they were Roman Catholic endeavors to re-capture the Holy Land from the Muslims, but some were directed against other Europeans, such as the Fourth Crusade against Constantinople, the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars of southern France and the Northern Crusades.'

The Warsaw Uprising.
'The Warsaw Uprising (Powstanie Warszawskie) was an armed struggle during the Second World War by the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from German occupation and Nazi rule. It started on August 1, 1944, as a part of a nationwide uprising, Operation Tempest. The Polish troops resisted the German-led forces until October 2 (63 days in total). The losses on the Polish side amounted to 18,000 soldiers killed, 25,000 wounded and over 250,000 civilians killed, mostly in mass executions conducted by advancing German troops...'

Metro Logos of the World.

The United States of America, According To My Racist Aunt. Humour.

Perseids. Astro image.

South African History Online. Attractive and comprehensive.

Erotic Art in Pompeii. Article and images.
'When the serious excavation of Pompeii began in the 18th century, a clash of the cultures was the result. A fresco on a wall that showed the ancient god of sex and fertility, Priapus with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster and only rediscovered because of rainfall in 1998. [1] In 1819, when king Francis I of Naples visited the exhibition at the National Museum with his wife and daughter, he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals." ... '

Commemorating 40 Years of the Freedom Ride. The Australian civil rights movement.
'A group of about 30 Sydney University students (including two Aboriginal people) who, in February 1965, undertook a 2,300 km bus tour of northern NSW towns investigating and protesting discrimination against Aborigines. Considered by some to be the most significant act in Aboriginal-European relations in the twentieth century, this tour marked the beginning of substantial European awareness of the problems of Aboriginal people. '

World War II Posters at the New Hampshire State Library.
Save and sacrifice!
Loose lips sink ships!
Allies.

The Scottish Parliament Project: Digitising the Acts of the Scottish Parliament 1235-1707. Some images and some history.

The Lin Biao Reference Archive. Chinese revolutionary, killed trying to escape from China.

Frederick Douglass. Escaped slave who became America's leading abolitionist.

The Ananga Ranga. Ancient Indian sex manual, translated by Richard Burton.

The Enver Hoxha Reference Archive. Albanian Communist dictator.

The Bubble Burst. British pop culture icons of times past - where are they now?
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8th August


Virginia Woolf's Psychiatric History. 'This large site deals with Virginia Woolf's health and personality. It gives detailed descriptions of both her major breakdowns and minor illnesses, her suicide, her personality, and her sexual and family history. Her psychiatrists and their textbooks are described; there is a review of research on the relationship between creativity and psychiatric disorder; and an analysis of her literary output in relation to her health. There are links, references and a bibliography, and a brief recording of her voice. '

Sibyls. Etchings of the seeresses of classical antiquity, with inscriptions.

Atlas of Japanese Traditional Crafts.

John Brown Archive. 'American abolitionist, hanged in 1859' for the attack on Harper's Ferry.
"you had better - all you people at the South - prepare yourselves for a settlement of this question, that must come up for settlement sooner than you are prepared for it. You may dispose of me very easily, - I am nearly disposed by now; but this question is still to be settled, - this negro question."

One Man's Eye: Photographs from the Alan Siegel Collection.

The Commissar Vanishes. The falsification of photographs in Stalin's Russia.

The Canterbury Tales. Hypertext exploration, in Middle and Modern English.
'Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories in a frame story, between 1387 and 1400. It is the story of a group of thirty people who travel as pilgrims to Canterbury (England). The pilgrims, who come from all layers of society, tell stories to each other to kill time while they travel to Canterbury. If we trust the General Prologue, Chaucer intended that each pilgrim should tell two tales on the way to Canterbury and two tales on the way back. He never finished his enormous project and even the completed tales were not finally revised. Scholars are uncertain about the order of the tales. As the printing press had yet to be invented when Chaucer wrote his works, The Canterbury Tales has been passed down in several handwritten manuscripts ... '

Dazaifu Tenmangu. 'Dazaifu Tenmangu is a shrine built over the grave of Michizane Sugawara venerated by the Japanese throughout the country as the Tenman-Tenjin (the deified spirit of Michizane), or the God of literature or calligraphy ... '

Formerly 669. A polaroid a day, every day.

Mirror Mirror. 'In 1986, I took a self-portrait along with my friend Nicole in a bathroom mirror. It wasn't until 1990, while sorting through my photographs, that I realized I was amassing quite a few of these "bathroom mirror" photographs and organized them into one album. I had an opportunity to create a digital version during the summer of '99 and now there are 732 photographs within Mirror Mirror.'

Fast Forward. A photographic journey into the world of Los Angeles youth.

Floating Logos. ' 'Floating Logos' is a working title for this project. The images are inspired by signs perched high atop very tall poles in order for people to view them from a very long distance. The poles are digitally removed from the image in order to give the illusion that the signs are disconnected from the ground as they ominously float above us. '

mytinygarden. Photographs of the insects in someone's back yard.

Navelmaniac: Brussels Navels. 'These belly buttons pictures were all taken on the streets of Brussels, with a small digital camera. '

American Monsters. 'Welcome to AMERICANMONSTERS.COM, your one stop guide to all things cryptozoological. Inside you will find all manner of corporeal fortean phenomenon, with an obvious emphasis on those entities which seem to have a genuine, biological connection to the environments in which they allegedly dwell. '

The New Americans. 'Follow a diverse group of immigrants and refugees as they leave their home and families behind and learn what it means to be new Americans in the 21st century. '

The Python Challenge. Puzzles and riddles for programmers.

Virtual Tour of Expo '67. 'For the fortunate ones who were there in 1967, you may choose one of the tours of Expo 67 to revisit an unforgettable experience on Île Notre-Dame! If that was before your time or you were unable to attend, here is an opportunity to make a virtual visit to the not-too-distant past. Thirty-five years already... it seems like it was just yesterday... Each tour includes stops at selected pavilions highlighting the archival records used to create the virtual visit. Discover or rediscover your fascination with Man and His World. Take flight and touch on the other pavilions with your mouse to view photographs that will take you back to this captivating place through the magic of the screen. Enjoy!'

Dieux de Stade. The French rugby team posing for nude photographs.

Rochester Paranormal of Western New York. 'Anomalous-Cryptozoology-Demonology-Extrasensory- Ufological Research And Investigative Reconnaissance '
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5th August


The Streets of Blaxploitation. Los Angeles, Detroit, the South Bronx and Harlem in the 70s.

Chinatown. 'Chinatown is an urban region containing a large population of Chinese people within a non-Chinese society. Chinatowns are most common in Southeast Asia and North America, but growing Chinatowns can be found in Europe and Australia...'

Anne Frank. 'Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank (June 12, 1929 - March 1945) was a German Jewish girl who wrote a diary while in hiding with her family and four friends in Amsterdam during the German occupation of the Netherlands during World War II. Her family had moved to the Netherlands after the Nazis gained power in their home country Germany...'

George Fox. 'George Fox (July 1624 - January 13, 1691) was an English Dissenter and the founder of the Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as the Quakers. Living in a time of great social upheaval, he rebelled against the religious and political consensus by proposing an unusual and uncompromising approach to the Christian faith. His journal is a text popular even among non-Quakers for its vivid account of his personal journey.'

Route 66 University. 'Welcome to the Route 66 University Home Page. This online institution of higher learning is destined to become the premier source of online information for America's most famous highway, variously called the Mother Road, Main Street of America, Route 66, and U.S. 66.'

Urban Exploration Resource.
'Urban Exploration Resource offers articles, photo galleries, stories, and an active forum for the Urban Exploration and Infiltration Community. '
'Information for exploration, vadding and urban vadding, tunnel vadding, steam tunnels, spelunking, urban spelunking, underground tunnels and passages. Information about Canada, Toronto, Ontario, and many other countries. '

The Socialist International.

WildFinder. Find wildlife worldwide.

History of Christmas Island.

American Book Congress Electronic Journal.

The UK Today.

The Dukes of Hazzard.

Blog. 'A blog is a form of primitive journalism developed by hunter-gatherer cultures in the Amazon Rainforest. "Bloggers", as they are known to Peruvians, deliver symbolic news reports using high-pitched whining and long, musical glossolalia.'

Cities. A worldwide, satirical gazzetteer.
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4th August


Highlights of the British Library.

Best of World Maps.

Greece Museums Guide.

Children's Books of the Early Soviet Era.

The Official Betty Boop Site.

The Columbia Gazetteer of North America.

The Pendle Witches. 'The Pendle Witches or Lancashire Witches were the most famous witches in English legal history...'

Confucius. Confucian philosophy.

Alla Nazimova. Silent movie star.

Harold Lloyd. Hooray for Harold Lloyd, a pair of glasses and a smile. Star of silent comedy.

Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson's Bay Company. 'This site is about the fur trade in Canada and how it led to the exploration of the country and the formation of the oldest and largest company in Canadian history: Hudson's Bay Company.'

The Union Makes Us Strong. History of British trade unionism; Trades Union Congress site.
The Match Workers' Strike.
The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists.

Cezanne. Mini-biography, and online galleries grouped by theme.
Portraits.
Bathers.
Still lifes.

Atlas of Japanese Festivals.

Ghost Photographs.
Shadowy figure.

The Triumph of Evil. PBS site on the 1994 Rwanda genocide.

The Tribals of India. 'Over hundred or so different tribes spread over India have suffered the indignity of caste discrimination for centuries. It was Mahatma Gandhi who fought hard to recognize them as free citizens of India and called them the Girijans or the Children of the Forest God. Upon independence in 1947, the Government of India spent a lot of resources to improve the life of the native Indians or Scheduled Tribes, as they are known in India today. While much progress is made in reforming the tribals, the forced change gave rise to numerous unforeseen problems in India, including social conflict, loss of identity, and coerced religious conversions ... '

Grange Hill Online. A companion site to the legendary BBC London comprehensive school drama, running since 1978.

History of Baby Diapers.

Credo Mutwa. Biography of a South African traditional healer.
Introduction. 'My mother's father was a crusty old warrior who had taken part in the bitter wars that the Zulus had fought against the English, and he coldly refused to allow his daughter to come under the yoke of what he called the "religion of our enemies." I cannot allow my child to become a Christian," my grandfather was said to have said," These Christians are a race of thieves, of liars, and murderers, who stole our country from us at sword point and at gunpoint. I would rather die than see a Christ worshipping Christian within the stockade of my village. Never!" '
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3rd August


Virtual Tours of Architecture in Europe and North America. A very good range of well- and lesser- known buildings.

Visions of the Dharma: Japanese Buddhist Paintings and Prints.

All the Mighty World: The Photographs of Roger Fenton 1852-60. 'The photographic career of Roger Fenton (1819-1869) lasted only eleven years, but during that time he became the most famous photographer in Britain. Part of the second generation of photographers who came to maturity in the 1850s-only a decade after the process was invented- Fenton strove to elevate the new medium to the status of a fine art and to establish it as a respected profession. He was the first official photographer to the British Museum and one of the founders of the Photographic Society, later named the Royal Photographic Society, an organization he hoped would help establish the medium's importance in modern life ... '

Photographs of International Expositions.

The Art of Romare Bearden. 'The complex and colorful art of Romare Bearden (1911-1988) is autobiographical and metaphorical. Rooted in the history of western, African, and Asian art, as well as in literature and music, Bearden found his primary motifs in personal experiences and the life of his community. Born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, Bearden moved as a toddler to New York City, participating with his parents in the Great Migration of African Americans to states both north and west. The Bearden home became a meeting place for Harlem Renaissance luminaries including writer Langston Hughes, painter Aaron Douglas, and musician Duke Ellington, all of whom undoubtedly would have stimulated the young artist's imagination ... '

Fats Waller 1904-43. Jazz.

The Business of Baseball.

The Killer Beside Me: The Jim Thompson Resource Page. The Dostoyevsky of pulp crime fiction.
'Born September 27, 1906, James Meyer Thompson grew up in Oklahoma to become one of the finest pulp novelists of The Cold War era. His life during the Depression and his up and down family history of working the wildcat oil fields of Texas seeped into Jim's dirt-under-the-nails writing as he created characters at displaying both brutality and empathy...'

Erik S. Klein's Vintage Computer Collection. 'This web site is dedicated collecting, restoring and simply playing with old (A.K.A. vintage, classic, antique, outdated or just plain junk) computers. Like many in the computer age, I cut my teeth on computer systems that represent the dawn of the computer revolution. Some of these systems, such as the Altair 8800, Apple ][ and IBM PC have tons of historical significance. Others, such as the Atari 800, Osborne 1, Kaypro 2x and Dec Pro 350 have less historical but more personal significance (at least to me). All of these systems do, however, have one thing in common. They all take up some room in my home and often get time on the workbench to strut their stuff. '

Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson Slave Letters, 1837-1838. 'Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson were house slaves at Montcalm, the family home of David and Mary Campbell, located in Abingdon, Virginia. During the years David Campbell served as governor of Virginia (1837-1840), he and his family moved into the governor's mansion in Richmond, taking several of their slaves with them, but leaving Hannah and Lethe to care for the homestead. According to historian Norma Taylor Mitchell, young men wrote these letters for Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members. Even if not produced by their own hands, the letters provide a rare firsthand glimpse into the lives of slaves and their relationships with their owners. In the spring of 1840, the Campbells, including niece Virginia, returned to Abingdon. Virginia Campbell and Mary Burwell, a literate slave whom David Campbell had purchased in 1840, taught Hannah, Lethe, and the other house slaves to read and write at that time ... '

Abandoned Bicycles of New York. 'New York has a lot of abandoned bicycles. I don't know why. Do people forget the combinations or keys to their locks? Do they forget they had a bike? Most of the bikes pictured here are pretty cheap bikes. Some of the bikes appear to have been abandoned long ago. Consider this ever- growing photo album a way to remember those forgotten bicycles. '

African Ceremonies. Photographs of sacred rituals in tribal cultures.

Cameras: The Technology of Photographic Imaging.

Dogs in Cars. Photographs of dogs in cars.

Fake Funk Jump Project. Photographs of people jumping.

Enchanted Ceiling. Photographs of the sky.

Roger Eritja. Nature photography.

Afghanistan: Images from the Harrison Forman Collection. Afghanistan in the late 1960s.

The Book of Hallowe'en, 1919. 'This is a comprehensive exploration of the Pagan roots of Halloween.'

The Mao Zedong Reference Archive. Biography and writings.
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2nd August


Conelrad: All Things Atomic | The Golden Age of Homeland Security. Atomic age popular culture.

Albert Tissandier. 'In 1885 the French illustrator Albert Tissandier spent six months traveling across the United States. He returned for briefer visits in 1886, 1890, and 1893. Tissandier documented his journeys with these drawings, now in the permanent collection of the University of Utah Museum of Fine Arts. '

Dard Hunter. 'Dard Hunter (1883-1966) dedicated his life to researching, collecting, writing and publishing exquisite handmade books on the subject of papermaking...'

The Oxford Book of Ballads, Arthur Quiller-Couch, 1910.
'These 176 selections by the master anthologist exhibit such lyrics familiar to this day as "I Saw Three Ships" and long epical ballads like the 3334-line Robin Hood Ballads.'

Tibetan Children's Educational and Welfare Funds. "... ...Education and knowledge are like an instrument. Whether that instrument is put to use in a constructive or destructive way depend on each person's motivation. An education system that cultivates smart brains alone can sometimes create more problems than it solves. However, it is noticeable that if a child with a good intellectual education happens to have parents with a warm heart and a sense of responsibility for both caring and discipline, than these can go together well and be very constructive. It is my hope that in future, not only the Tibetan educational system, but those in other places too, will pay specific attention to the development of human warmth and love. ... ..." - His Holiness The Dalai Lama.

Selections from the JC Penney Catalogue Fall-Winter 1980. 1980s style.

World of Kitsch - A Tribute to All Things Tack. 'Welcome kitsch hunters, to the World of Kitsch: The slightly less than stunning but ever tasteful site dedicated to the people, places, objects and entertainment that have become known as "Kitsch"! Not sure what Kitsch is? Why not take a look at our interactive guide with a selection of the 'finer' examples...'

Empty World. 'A site dedicated to fiction and film depicting the end of the world, apocalypse and nuclear war. Plague, famine, drought and war all feature..... Populations decimated, survivors struggling to re-build after the apocalyptic event.......'

Protect and Survive: An Archive of UK Civil Defence Material. 'Welcome to the Protect and Survive Web Site, an archive of UK civil defence material dating from the 1950s to the 1980s.'

The Insidious Ubiquity of Busywork. 'Most Americans are familiar with the phenomena of "busywork" --time- consuming tasks of dubious meaning and value, which much be completed according to precise but arbitrary parameters. Such tasks --generally consisting of pieces of paperwork to be laborously filled out --compose a large portion of many people's jobs (as trenchantly chronicled in the movie "Office Space" in which the main character's entire career hinges around the use of one form versus another) ... '

The Daguerrotype. The Daguerreian Society homepage. 19th century photography.
'The daguerreotype is a visual wonder. Let us share with you a number of galleries of stunning 19th century imagery as well as the exquisite work of modern daguerreians.'

From Dublin to Ithaca: Cornell's James Joyce Collection.
'From Dublin to Ithaca: Cornell's James Joyce Collection celebrates Cornell University Library's spectacular collection of letters, manuscripts and books documenting the life and work of James Joyce. For the first time in thirty years, the Library's Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections will exhibit highlights from the Cornell Joyce Collection, one of the richest in the world covering Joyce's early life and writing career.'

A Brief History of Drinking Water.

Cycles: African Life Through Art.

Colour Lovers - 'a place to view, rate and review some lovely colours & palettes. the idea is to create a place of color inspiration where a designer of any sort can see new and lovely colours... find out what colors are hot, what work well in other uses... and simply make some love with colour. '

Astrobiology Magazine. The science of alien life.

History of the United States Bill of Rights.
'The Bill of Rights is the name given to the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. When the Constitution was submitted to the state legislatures for ratification, many of its opponents claimed that the reason the Constitution did not include a bill of rights was because the document was an aristocratic scheme to remove the rights of Americans. Supporters, known as Federalists, assured Americans that a Bill of Rights would be added by the First Congress. The original copy of the Bill of Rights can be seen by the public today at the National Archives in Washington, DC...'

Biography of Henry Moore, sculptor, with links.
'Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898-31 August 1986) was a British artist and sculptor. Born into a poor mining family in the Yorkshire town of Castleford, Moore became well-known for his large scale abstract cast bronze and carved marble sculptures. Substantially supported by the British art establishment, Moore helped to introduce a particular form of modernism into Britain.'

The Poetess Ono no Komachi. Japanese hanging scroll - painting and calligraphy.
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1st August


World's Largest Roadside Attractions. 'A collection of larger-than-life roadside attractions from around the world.'

The Severn Bore.
'The Severn Bore is one of Britain's few truly spectacular natural phenomena. It is a large surge wave that can be seen in the estuary of the River Severn, where the tidal range is the 2nd highest in the world, being as much as 50 feet (approx. 15.4m).'
'As many as 60 bores occur throughout the world where the river estuary is the right shape and the tidal conditions are such that the wave is able to form. The Severn Bore (one of 8 in the UK) is one of the biggest in the world but bores also occur on the Seine and Gironde in France, on the Indus, Hooghly and Brahmaputra in India, on the Amazon in Brazil, on the Petitcodiac, New Brunswick, and also the Knik Arm bore at the head of Cook Inlet, Alaska. By far the biggest bore in the World is the Ch'ient'ang'kian (Hang-chou-fe) in China. At spring tides the wave attains a height of up to 25 ft (7.5 m) and a speed of 13-15 knots (24-27 km/h). It is heard advancing at a range of 14 miles (22 km)...'

Lewis Hine - Empire State Building. Photographs from 1930-31.

A View of the Holocaust. BBC history site.
'The Holocaust was the Nazis' assault on the Jews between 1933 and 1945. It culminated in what the Nazis called the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Europe', in which six million Jews were murdered.'
'The Jews were not the only victims of Nazism. It is estimated that as many as 15 million civilians were killed by this murderous and racist regime, including millions of Slavs and 'asiatics', 200,000 Gypsies and members of various other groups. Thousands of people, including Germans of African descent, were forcibly sterilised.'
'These programmes are best seen as a series of linked genocides, each having its own history, background, purpose and significance in the Nazi scheme of things. The Holocaust was the biggest of the killing programmes and, in certain important ways, different from the others. The Jews figured in Nazi ideology as the arch-enemy of the 'Aryan race', and were targeted not merely for terror and repression but for complete extinction. The Nazis failed in this aim because they ran out of time, but they pursued it fanatically until their defeat in 1945. The Holocaust led to widespread public awareness of genocide and to modern efforts to prevent it, such as the 1948 UN Convention on Genocide...'

Korean Literature Today.
'Korean Literature Today publishes English translations of modern Korean literature, together with critical essays. Copyright for the translations published in Korean Literature Today and linked to these pages is held by the Korean Center, International P.E.N. on behalf of the individual translators, and written permission must be obtained from both before any of these translations are published or reproduced in any form.'

The Life and Music of Celia Cruz.
'Over the course of a career that spanned six decades and took her from humble beginnings in Havana, Cuba to a world-renowned artist in the United States, Celia Cruz became the undisputed Queen of Latin Music. Combining a piercing and powerful voice with a larger-than-life personality and stage costumes, she was one of the few women to succeed in the male dominated world of Salsa music. ¡Azúcar! The Life and Music of Celia Cruz highlights important moments in Cruz' life and career through photographs, personal documents, costumes, videos, and music. '

Poems by Obi Nwakanma.
'Obi Nwakanma is one of the Nigerian literary awards winning troika invited by Harvard University to represent New Voices From Nigeria at a recent Africa Events Reading (the other two being Maik Nwosu and Akin Adesokan also featured on this site). Poet and journalist, he featured at the Poetry International Festival in 1995. Holder of a BA degree from the University of Jos in Nigeria, Nwakanma was a visiting scholar at one of the pre-eminent universities in Nigeria, UN at Nsukka. Formerly an Assistant Editor at the Sunday Vanguard, he is currently a visiting scholar at The Meeting School, Rindge, NH, where he teaches Literature, Creative Writing and Journalism. Author of Thirsting for Sunlight and The Roped Urn - winner, Association of Nigerian Authors Cadbury Poetry Prize in 1996 - he is at an advanced stage in the writing of The Stifled Sneeze, a biography of the late poet Christopher Okigbo who died during the Biafra war. His poems and articles have appeared in various publications and columns such as The Orbit. '

Marine Invasions.
'Biological Invasions (the establishment of species beyond their historical range) are a major force of ecological and evolutionary change. Invasions are fundamentally changing the structure and function of most ecosystems around the world and are impacting many dimensions of human society. Moreover, the observed rates and impacts of new invasions have increased dramatically in recent time.'
'The primary goal of our research is to understand biological invasion patterns and processes in marine ecosystems. We seek to (1) characterize patterns of marine invasion across space, time, and taxonomic groups, (2) develop a mechanistic understanding of those factors that are driving observed patterns, and (3) advance predictive capability about the establishment, spread, and impacts of non-native species in marine ecosystems.'

Needled. Weblog about tattoos and tattooing.

White Ninja Comics. Hilarious. Via MeFi.

The Sky at Night. Patrick Moore's BBC space programme. Fantastic. Via MeFi.

Living on Less.

Watching Grass Grow. Via MeFi.

Liberality for All. Completely bonkers.
'America's future has become an Orwellian nightmare of ultra-liberalism. Beginning with the Gore Presidency, the government has become increasingly dominated by liberal extremists. In 2004, Muslim terrorists stopped viewing the weakened American government as a threat; instead they set their sites on their true enemies, vocal American conservatives. On one dark day, in 2006, many conservative voices went forever silent at the hands of terrorist assassins. Those which survived joined forces and formed a powerful covert conservative organization called "The Freedom of Information League", aka F.O.I.L ... The New York City faction of F.O.I.L. is lead by Sean Hannity, G. Gordon Liddy and Oliver North, each uniquely endowed with special abilities devised by a bio mechanical engineer affectionately nicknamed "Oscar". F.O.I.L. is soon to be joined by a young man named Reagan McGee... '
Preview. Via MeFi.

My grandad the Nazi. Fascinating tale.
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