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30th June


The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth.

Individual Figures in Anarchist History. Malatesta, Emma Goldman, etc. Anarchism's greatest hits.

Negro Spirituals. An online collection.
All God's Chillun Got Wings.

The Washington Monument. The US National Parks Service guide.
'Alone among the Founders of the United States George Washington earned the title "Father of his Country" in recognition of his leadership in the cause of American independence. Appointed commander of the Continental Army in 1775, he molded a fighting force that won independence from Great Britain. In 1787 as President of the Constitutional Convention, he helped guide the deliberations to form a government that has lasted for more than 200 years. Two years later he was unanimously elected the first President of the United States. Washington defined the Presidency and helped develop the relationships among the three branches of government...'

Vietnam Then & Now. 'This site is designed to educate students and people of all ages about the country of Vietnam. We include sections on the history of Vietnam, the Vietnam War, the government of the country today, the geography and scenery, and the people and culture of this unique country. Our viewpoints section includes interviews, reviews of books, our views about Vietnam, and a place where you can tell us and our visitors about any experiences you have had in Vietnam, or tell us any information that you have about the country. We hope that this site will help people learn about Vietnam, and encourage them to do more research on their own. '

A Narrative History of Wales. 'The history of Wales is primarily a story of struggle. It is a tribute to the people of Wales' determination to survive against overwhelming odds -- a struggle reflected not only in its castle-dominated landscape and its surviving Celtic language, but also in its long literary history. Created in a time when the flood of Germanic pagan invaders from the continent threatened to destroy Christian Celtic civilization in Britain, its history continued through the depredations of the Vikings, the invasions of the Normans, the oppression of the powerful Marcher Lords, and the ever-constant, ever threatening power of the English people and the English language...'

The Blues Classroom. 'The blues is one of America's greatest musical treasures. A roots music form that evolved out of African-American work songs, field hollers, spirituals, and country string ballads more than a century ago, the blues is the foundation of virtually every major American music form born in the 20th century, including jazz, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and hip hop. As profound as the blues has been to the national music experience, it has only occasionally entered the American classroom, mostly through individual teachers who were committed blues fans and who created their own methods to integrate the music into curricula...'

The Hall of Forgotten Presidents.
'Their names have reverberated throughout the annals of history: Washington; Jefferson; Jackson; Lincoln; Roosevelt; Reagan. We all know of these great men and their deeds. But there have been others who also achieved the pinnacle of public office in the United States, yet are seldom mentioned...'

Unknown Impressionist Masterpieces. Impressionist works lost after WW2.
'We would like to introduce you to some French paintings from the end of the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries. Until the late 1990s, these paintings had never been exhibited to the public and were known only through old catalogues and photos. The works were originally kept in private collections in Germany; but during the Second World War, they were hidden to prevent their destruction. After the fall of Germany, many items of art were moved to the USSR, though, during the following years, most of them were returned to East Germany. However, the paintings belonging to West Germany and private citizens, who left to the West, were kept on the territory of the USSR...'

Starshift Crisis. An excellent daily comic strip.
'You will not find any parody here, except in the broadest sense that, it is a sci-fi strip set on a spaceship, and of course there has to be a "onboard computer causes trouble for the ship" story. Eventually. Rather than crib from pop culture, I hope to populate an entire universe in which to put Curator Vanderbeam, Mr. Jinx, and his decadent starship museum through their paces. '
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29th June


Journals of the Continental Congress. 'The First Continental Congress met from September 5 to October 26, 1774. The Second Continental Congress ran from May 10, 1775, to March 2, 1789. The Journals of the Continental Congress are the records of the daily proceedings of the Congress as kept by the office of its secretary, Charles Thomson. The Journals were printed contemporaneously in different editions and in several subsequent reprint editions. None of these editions, however, includes the "Secret Journals," confidential sections of the records, which were not published until 1821.'
Browse.

The Quixote in the Web. 'We'll periodically be offering you chapters of Don Quixote in English along with the original Gustave Doré illustrations. They will be listed below in order as we offer them.'
Chapter 1.

Medieval Spanish Poetry. 'Spanish medieval poetry covers four centuries. This assumes a considerable amount of texts of different natures: narrative poetry, almost Provençal lyrics, Castilian texts written in Arabic characters –aljamiado-, etc...'
The Spanish ballads.

Su Shi. Chinese poet and calligrapher, 1037-1101. Selected poems in Chinese and English.
'To what can our life on earth be likened?
To a flock of geese,
alighting on the snow.
Sometimes leaving a trace of their passage. '
Portraits.

Slavery and the Courts 1740-1860. 'Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 contains just over a hundred pamphlets and books (published between 1772 and 1889) concerning the difficult and troubling experiences of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies and the United States. The documents, most from the Law Library and the Rare Book and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress, comprise an assortment of trials and cases, reports, arguments, accounts, examinations of cases and decisions, proceedings, journals, a letter, and other works of historical importance. Of the cases presented here, most took place in America and a few in Great Britain. Among the voices heard are those of some of the defendants and plaintiffs themselves as well as those of abolitionists, presidents, politicians, slave owners, fugitive and free territory slaves, lawyers and judges, and justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. Significant names include John Quincy Adams, Roger B. Taney, John C. Calhoun, Salmon P. Chase, Dred Scott, William H. Seward, Prudence Crandall, Theodore Parker, Jonathan Walker, Daniel Drayton, Castner Hanway, Francis Scott Key, William L. Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Denmark Vesey, and John Brown. '

Sherington, Buckinghamshire, England. Exceptional village community website. 'These pages provide a comprehensive guide to the village, the local services and community organisations, and include all the latest village news, plus a diary of future events.'

The New Deal Stage: Selections from the Federal Theatre Project 1935-39. 'This online presentation includes over 13,000 images of items selected from the Federal Theatre Project Collection at the Library of Congress. Featured here are stage and costume designs, still photographs, posters, and scripts for productions of Macbeth and The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus as staged by Orson Welles, and for Power, a topical drama of the period (over 3,000 images). Also included are 68 other playscripts (6,500 images) and 168 documents selected from the Federal Theatre Project Administrative Records (3,700 images). The Federal Theatre Project was one of five arts-related projects established during the first term of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt under the Works Progress Administration (WPA). '

Lindal & Marton, Furness, Cumbria, England. Excellent village website.

The Oxford Book of French Verse. 'These 317 works begin with the emergence of Villon as the first master of verse; to the Renaissance men Ronsard and Du Bellay; through the dramatic verse of Corneille and Racine; concluding with the Romanticism of Hugo and Gautier.'

Igor Grabar. Hungarian artist. 'Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar was born in Budapest (then the Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Hungary) in 1871. His parents, and grand-parents, were active participants of the Slav liberation movement and were persecuted by the government. The little boy saw his parents very rarely. In 1876 his father had to flee to Russia; his wife and the boy follow in 1880. In 1882, after graduating from a gymnasium in the provincial town of Egorievsk, Grabar studied in the Moscow Lyceum, where, along with academic studies he learnt painting, studied art, visited galleries and exhibitions and made acquaintances with artists, art patrons and critics. His classmates and teachers in the Lyceum served as models for his first paintings; he was also fond of landscapes ... '

Access to Insight. Readings in Theravada Buddhism. Most extensive.

Leonids: 1833 to 1997. 'The night of November 12-13, 1833, not only marks the discovery of the Leonid meteor shower, but sparked the actual birth of meteor astronomy. During the hours following sunset on November 12, some astronomers noted an unusual number of meteors in the sky, but it was the early morning hours of the 13th that left the greatest impression on the people of eastern North America. During the 4 hours which preceded dawn, the skies were lit up by meteors ... '

Tsarskoe Selo. 'In 1910 the Palace Administration of Tsarskoe Selo published a book to commemorate the 200 anniversary of the founding of the town. It was a deluxe edition with portraits of the Emperor and his family at the begining of it. The book was very popular in Russia at the time and has been recently republished there in Russian ... '

European Sculptors 1200-1700. 'This tour offers you a list of the sculptors arranged in approximate chronological order appended by short explanations of the stylistic periods within the indicated time range.'

The Kumulipo, translated by Queen Liliuokalani, 1897. 'This is Queen Liliuokalani's translation of the Hawaiian Creation chant, the Kumulipo. She translated this while under house arrest at Iolani Palace, and it was subsequently published in 1897. This is an extremely rare book which was republished (in a very scarce edition) by Pueo Press in 1978. '

Biography of Sir Laurens van der Post. 'Famous 20th century Afrikaner author of many books, farmer, war hero, political adviser to British heads of state, educator, journalist, humanitarian, philosopher, explorer, and conservationist ... '

Ezra Pound. American poet. Poems and biography.

Charles-Francois Daubigny: Fields in the Month of June, 1874.

The Moissaye J. Olgin Internet Archive. Jewish-Russian-American socialist. 'Moissaye J. Olgin was born in 1878 on shtetl near Kiev. After attending a traditional Jewish cheder he entered the University of Kiev, where he began his career as a revolutionary. In 1901 he was elected chairman of the Student's Central Committee, while also being a member of the revolutionary group, Freiheit. In April 1903 the Czarist regime ordered his arrest for his role in the formation of Jewish self-defense groups, at which point he moved to Vilna, Poland.'

Locality Guide to the East End of London.
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27th June


The Unveiling of Britain. Maps of Britain in the British Library. 'This selection of maps and views traces the growing awareness of the form of British Isles and their place in the wider world during the years between 800 and 1600. '

Japanese Art and the Japanese View of Nature. Fine online gallery, art as a moral force.

Photographs of the Russian Empire 1895-1910. Gallery 1 and 2.

The Jewish Museum in Cyberspace. 'Take a Virtual Tour through 500 years of Jewish-American history -- from the Jews who helped Columbus to Barbra Streisand ...'
Kristallnacht Memorial.
Biblical numismatics.

United Nations Treaty Collection.

Africancolours. Art and artists from Africa. Excellent, extensive site.
African women celebrated in art.
Moses Nyawanda. Kenyan artist.
Greta Mathews. South African artist.

Portraits from Limbuwan. Images of a village in Nepal from the 1980s and 1990s.
'Here you will find a collection of images I have taken in and around a village known as Akaashe ('The Sky'). Akaashe is located in eastern Nepal and is part of Limbuwan (home of the Limbus). Limbus are one of the many ethnic groups in Nepal. '

Harvard Virtual Tour. The great American university. 'Like the crisscrossing paths of its famous Yard, Harvard touches history at virtually every turn. One of the most rewarding routes through Harvard's past is also one of the easiest: touring its buildings and open spaces, which echo to tales as old as Colonial America. This Harvard Virtual Tour will guide you around and about Harvard Yard, offering grand outdoor panoramas as well as glimpses behind doors normally closed to public view.'

Travel-Library. Travel and tourism, and personal travelogues, from around the world.

Creative Arts Therapies Program St. Martin de Porres, Brooklyn. Outsider art. 'Two years ago I wrote a proposal to a non-profit organization to open an Open Art Studio on-sight at one of their shelters. After nine months of deliberations with the organization my proposal was accepted and I began what is today a very successful Creative Arts Therapies Program at a women's shelter in downtown Brooklyn.'

Norman Dog. "America's most beloved cartoonist" - radical and funny.

Encyclopedia Astronautica. History of space exploration. 'The Encyclopedia Astronautica is the single most comprehensive reference for the history of spaceflight. It is a proven and reliable source endorsed by the Encyclopedia Britannica, library associations, NASA, the world's major newspapers and television networks, Internet guides, and leading space writers and historians. '

A French Village Sketchbook.
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25th June


Lost Treasures from Iraq.

Journal of Global Buddhism.

Pierre Gilliard: Thirteen Years at the Russian Court. A personal record of the last years and death of Tsar Nicholas II and his family.

Street Sellers of Yaounde, Cameroon. Photography.

The Highland Clearances: Stories of Scottish Ancestry.

The Bath Postal Museum. (UK)

Winston Churchill's Speeches.

Zvi Har'El's Jules Verne Collection. All about the 19th century French science fiction writer. With virtual library, biography, stamps etc.

The Novel. Online history.

Centre for Texas Music History.
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24th June


The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill. 'In the spring of 1990 I saw something on San Francisco's Telegraph Hill that astonished me: wild parrots. I was so curious about their presence that I kept trying to get closer until finally I had them eating out of my hand. Thus began this friendship and study. My book The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill documents the friendship; this web site, which in the past has tried to document both, will now focus on the study. I no longer feed the parrots every day, and on days that I do feed them, I limit myself to a single feeding. My situation is stable, and it looks as though I'll be able to spend the rest of my life following the parrots' progress ... '

Fairbank Chinese History Library. A modern Chinese history virtual library.
'The Fairbank Chinese History Virtual Library was founded to facilitate easy access to sources of modern Chinese historical information on the internet.'

Harlem History. 'Harlem History presents a wealth of archival treasures and scholarship from Columbia about the history of one of the world's most famous and influential neighborhoods.'

The Natalia Sedova Trotsky Internet Archive. 'Russian Revolutionary. Born in Ukraine, studied in Geneva while young. Met Leon Trotsky in Paris in 1902 and they later married. Worked with Lenin and Trotsky on the Bolshevik newspaper Iskra. The Trotskys had two sons together, Lev Sedov and Sergei Sedov. As adults, both sons were killed by Stalinists because of their relation to L.D. Trotsky.'

Sketches of the Alumni of Dartmouth College by the Rev. George T. Chapman DD, Class of 1804. 'In 1867, the Rev. George T. Chapman, Class of 1804, published his compilation of biographical sketches for graduates of Dartmouth College. The volume contains entries for most graduates from the classes of 1771 through 1867, but does not include Dartmouth Medical School alumni, nor non-graduates of the undergraduate College. In most cases, Chapman was able to provide birth and death dates and places, parents, education and career information. '

Claude-Emile Schuffenecker: Portrait of Julien Leclercq and his Wife, ca. 1898. 'This double portrait of the avant-garde art critic for the Mercure de France, Julien Leclercq, a close friend of the artist, and his wife, the Finnish pianist Fannie Flodin, is a fine example of Schuffenecker's delicate and idealizing images during the symbolist period between 1892 and 1900 in which he struggled "for art and the ideal." '

The CIA and Nazi War Criminals. 'The declassified "SECRET RelGER" two-volume history was compiled by CIA historian Kevin Ruffner and presented in 1999 by CIA Deputy Director for Operations Jack Downing to the German intelligence service (Bundesnachrichtendienst) in remembrance of "the new and close ties" formed during post-war Germany to mark the fiftieth year of CIA-West German cooperation. This history was declassified in 2002 as a result of the work of The Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group (IWG) and contains 97 key documents from various agencies.'

Chile Documentation Project. Documents on the US involvement in the 1973 coup and subsequent dictatorship.

Earth Art. 'Earth art (also called "land art") refers to a movement of artists with wide ranging goals, but all created in nature, employing such materials as stones, dirt, and leaves. "Earthworks" is the same movement. Most works are sculptural. Earthworks often refer to phenomena such as the slow process of erosion or to the movement of planets or stars, especially the sun. Many earthworks are intended to help us to better understand nature ... '

Backyard Biology. Smithsonian National Zoo exhibit.

Feinstein International Famine Centre. 'The Feinstein International Famine Center was established in 1996 to improve humanitarian, relief and refugee efforts in times of famine, war and complex emergencies. '

Jericho's Echo: Punk Rock in the Holy Land. Punk in Israel.

Cities and Architecture Along the Silk Road. Images from East and South Asia.

Socialist History of Canada.

People I Sleep With. Photography about pets and people.

Elizabethan Heraldry.

Biography of Sir Isaac Newton. "Be courageous and steady to the Laws and you cannot fail. "

Magic & Mystery in Taos: The Trammell and Margaret Crow Collection of Asian Art.

Popeye. 'He's short, balding, ornery and downright ugly by anyone's standards. But countless numbers of fans have grown up admiring and identifying with this unpretentious hero since his introduction to the public in 1929. Celebrating his 75th Anniversary in 2004, "Popeye" remains one of the most widely recognized and best-loved personalities ever. '

Pat Oliphant. Online comic.

From Solzhenitsyn's Gulag: The Simplest Methods which Break the Will. 'An excerpt on interrogation methods from Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelag o.' Compare with methods used in Guantanamo/ Abu Ghraib. Via xymphora.
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23rd June


The Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci.

San Diego History Photo Gallery.

Buddhist Digital Library and Museum. History, sutras, and lessons in Pali, Sanskrit, Tibetan.

Letters from Tsar Nicholar to Tsaritsa Alexandra.

From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America. 'From Haven to Home is a Library of Congress exhibition marking 350 years of Jewish life in America. The exhibition features more than two hundred treasures of American Judaica from the collections of the Library of Congress, augmented by a selection of important loans from other cooperating cultural institutions. '

The American Colony in Jerusalem. 'This exhibition offers a glimpse into the remarkable history and work of the American Colony, a Christian utopian society that formed in Jerusalem in 1881. The photographs, documents, and artifacts exhibited are drawn from a generous gift to the Library of Congress from Mrs. Valentine Vester. This archival treasure, which she has preserved for more than fifty years, provides a unique record of the history of Jerusalem and the Middle East in the early decades of the twentieth century. '

The Grain Elevators - Buffalo's Lost Industry. 'They serve as a monument to a bygone era; monolithic structures standing on water's edge waiting for lake and canal freighters that will no longer come. Today all except a few of these enormous buildings are abandoned and no longer serve the industry for which they were designed. As they stand in their decrepit state they remain a mystery to those who view them. Few venture close to investigate their design and operation. At one time in Buffalo's history, the grain elevators dominated the skyline of the waterfront and served as a symbol of Buffalo's industrial importance as the largest supplier of grain in the world. '

A Haiku Homepage.

Esther Before Ahasuerus. ' Artemisia Gentileschi was an artist of remarkable qualities: the first woman who managed to live exclusively by her brush and who refused to be bound by the conventions usually imposed on female artists. In a time when still-life painting and portraiture were the genres deemed proper for a woman, Artemisia created impressive history paintings. The Metropolitan Museum's Esther before Ahasuerus is one such painting ... '

Streets of Havana. Photography.

Bell System Memorial. 'A website created as a memorial to the people, history, technology and the "Spirit of Service" of what was known as the "Bell System" prior to 1984...'
'This non-commercial website was created to help keep the memories of the Bell System alive and to pay tribute to those that made it the greatest telecommunications system on earth. This website also provides some technical and corporate historical information relating to Bell Labs, Western Electric, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), and the Regional Bell Operating Companies. There is also some limited technical information on Western Electric telephones for telephone collectors, hobbyists, students, and others for non-commercial use ... '

Joseph K.'s Franz Kafka Site.

The Rothschild Petersen Patent Model Museum. 'The Rothschild Petersen Patent Model Museum is the largest privately- owned collection of United States patent models in the world. Containing nearly 4,000 patent models and related documents, the collection spans America's Industrial Revolution. Owner Alan Rothschild eventually hopes to establish a national Patent Model Museum, open to the public. Step inside to discover the wonders of American ingenuity! '

Argentine Literature History.

Thai Fiction in Translation.

History of Robots in the Victorian Era. 'Read illustrated accounts of the world's first robot, the Steam Man, created in 1865! Subsequent automatons such as the Electric Man and the Automatic Man are also profiled. The most comprehensive section, with more than 20 pages, concerns the mechanical man known as Boilerplate-- described as "charming" by U.S. News and World Report and declared "cool" by NASA!'

The Brecks. 'The Brecks is the hidden heart of East Anglia. It's a colourful world of sandy soil and glowing heather, of ancient history, curious birds and peaceful villages. There's nowhere else like it.'

Modern China. Articles on 20th century Chinese history - the 1911 revolution, Sun Yat-Sen, the Japanese occupation, Mao, etc.

"The US Army Radioactive Waste Disposal Program in the United States" : "Official Use Only" Report From 1966.

Disease Vector Risk Assessment Profiles From the Navy. (USA)
'For some reason, the Navy doesn't make these reports available online, instead requiring that the profiles of specific countries be requested from them. Utilizing the Freedom of Information Act, frequent Memory Hole contributor Michael Ravnitzky requested all of them. He received 147 (the Navy's VECTRAP page says that they cover "over two hundred countries"). '
'The profiles are in the zip file above. They include Afghanistan, Cuba, France, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kenya, Libya, Rwanda, the UK, the former Soviet Union, and 136 others.'

History of the Novel.
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22nd June


Digital Dictionary of Buddhism.

Charles Dickens. Life and work.

The Louis-Auguste Blanqui Archive. 19th century French socialist.

The Sedlec Ossuary. 'The Sedlec Ossuary (a.k.a. Kostnice) is a small Christian chapel decorated with human bones. It's located in Sedlec, which is a suburb in the outskirts of the Czech town Kutna Hora. In 1996 I visited the place and fell madly in love with it. '

Publishers' Bindings 1815-1930: The Art of Books.

The Walt Whitman Archive. Life and work.

Lakota Winter Counts. 'The Lakota marked the passage of time by drawing pictures of memorable events on calendars known as winter counts...'

Bulletin of the World Health Organisation.

The Virginia Quarterly Review. American literature and more.

The 'Analyst' Controversy. 'In 1734, the philosopher George Berkeley published a pamphlet, The Analyst, which criticised the foundations of the analysis used in the works of Newton and others. Many mathematicians published pamphlets in response, including James Jurin, Jacob Walton and Benjamin Robins. However the interpretations of the methods of Newton presented in the works of Robins and Jurin, and the Analyst controversy accordingly developed into a dispute between these two, conducted in the pages of The Present State of the Republick of Letters. '

Murals from Bhutan. 'Wall paintings of historical figures, archetypal deities and religious protectors from the temples of the Drukpa Kagyu Buddhist Tradition, the state religion of the Kingdom of Bhutan.'
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21st June


Eyewitness to History. Firsthand history from the ancient world to modern times.

Mountain Voices. 'This website presents interviews with over 300 people who live in mountain and highland regions round the world. Their testimonies offer a personal perspective on change and development.'

Mathematicians of the 17th and 18th Centuries. 'Available here are accounts of the lives and works of seventeenth and eighteenth century mathematicians (and some other scientists), adapted from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by W. W. Rouse Ball (4th Edition, 1908) ... '

Recoka. 'Recoka, the Red de Comunidades Kichwas de Amazonía, is a community of indigenous villages in the Napo region, located in the amazonian rain forest of Ecuador. The main goal is to develop alternative projects to improve the quality of life, as well as to improve the education system by scholarships, for giving the possibility to the youth to accept more responsibility for their villages ... '

Vancouver Chinatown. Virtual tour, great site.

John Milton and 17th Century Culture. 'John Milton (1608-1674) was not only among the most influential of British poets. He was the most directly involved of any British poet in the centres of political power and in the great historical events of the English Revolution. He was also arguably the most learned, indeed the most bookish, of the great British poets, even in a learned and bookish century.'

Voices of the Colorado Plateau. 'Voices of the Colorado Plateau is an online multimedia museum collection featuring oral history recordings and historic photographs that document life on the Colorado Plateau. The collection is divided into three sections: People, Places, and Topics. The site is designed to increase viewer's understanding and appreciation of oral history, the Colorado Plateau and the American west. These first person accounts make history come alive in an immediate way that is powerful and compelling. '

The Last Expression. Art and Auschwitz. 'The Last ExpressionMieczyslaw Koscielniak, At the Easel, 1944, Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oswiecimproject is a forum to explore the roles, functions, meanings and making of art in the Nazi concentration camps of World War II, focusing on the notorious site of Auschwitz-Birkenau. '

The Threepenny Review. Literary mag.

Kitten Diaries. Feline fun.

Gedun Choephel Artists' Guild. Contemporary Tibetan art.
'Usually groups are formed through someone's initiative. However, this particular Gedun Choephel Artists' Guild came together naturally through shared experiences and common interests. We were all born in the turbulent 1960s and 70s. We lived through the rationing period of Chairman Mao, and remember his passing away. We also have experienced the radical modernizing changes brought about by Deng Xiao Ping throughout China. '
'Like other young people, we like to keep up with the times and trends, but we also respect and value the traditional aspects of our unique cultural heritage.'

Days of Infamy: December 7 and 9/11. 'Within the living memory of Americans are two deadly surprise attacks against the United States: Japan's assault on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Both times, the Library of Congress sent people out to record the voices of ordinary Americans as they reacted to a changed world. '

Amy Lowell. American poet.
'Amy Lowell didn't become a poet until she was years into her adulthood; then, when she died early, her poetry (and life) were nearly forgotten - - until gender studies as a discipline began to look at women like Lowell as illustrative of an earlier lesbianism. She lived her later years in a "Boston marriage" and wrote erotic love poems addressed to a woman.'
'T. S. Eliot called her the "demon saleswoman of poetry." Of herself, she said, "God made me a businesswoman and I made myself a poet." '
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