'Edgar Degas (1834-1917) was an outspoken proponent of a new sensibility.
He and his contemporaries, known as the Impressionists, organized
independent exhibitions in which they showed their controversial work.
Degas's style, subject matter, and artistic sensibility set him apart from
the other Impressionists. '
'In addition to his artistic endeavors, Degas amassed a collection of art
so vast and of such substance that he considered establishing his own
private museum to house it. The Musée Degas was never realized; instead,
his collection was auctioned off in 1918. '
Caspar David Friedrich: Moonwatchers.
'This small but intriguing exhibition celebrates the Museum's acquisition
of its first work by the German Romantic painter Caspar David Friedrich
(1774?1840), Two Men Contemplating the Moon. One of three extant versions,
the painting and its two variants, which are on loan from Dresden and
Berlin, are shown together for the first time, accompanied by several
other works by Friedrich's contemporaries Carus, Dahl, Gille, and
'Documenting the American South (DocSouth) is a digital publishing
initiative that provides Internet access to texts, images, and audio
files related to Southern history, literature, and culture from the
colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. Currently
DocSouth includes seven thematic collections of books, diaries, posters,
artifacts, letters, oral history interviews, and songs. '
'Its famous Golden Pavilion (Kinkaku)-actually a pagoda made to house
the sacred relics of the Buddha-has given this temple the popular name
of Kinkaku-ji ("Temple of the Golden Pavilion"), however the official
name of this branch temple of the Rinzai-sect Zen temple of Shôkoku-ji
is Rokuon-ji. The temple was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
'His landlord was cleaning out his room after his death and came across
a startling discovery: alone in his room, Darger had created a beautiful
and violent fantasy world, primarily embodied in a 15,000 page epic
narrative, "The Story of the Vivian Girls, in What is known as the
Realms of the Unreal, of the Glandeco-Angelinnian War Storm, Caused by
the Child Slave Rebellion." '
'Illustrated by several hundred large watercolors paintings as well as
smaller drawings and collages, the Vivian Girls are seven preadolescent
sisters, princesses, sometimes depicted as hermaphrodites, who fight
against and ultimately prevail over evil deeds prepetrated by sadistic
adults. They are aided in their battles by various Christian armies and
also by Blengins, dragon-like animals, both fearsome and gentle, that
are absolute protectors of children. The illustrations range from calm
and pastoral to brutally violent. '
South Africa: The Peasants' Revolt. South African
politics and history, as related by Govan Mbeki,
father of the current South African president.
'The Peasants' Revolt, first published by Penguin African Library in
1964, is a study of a crucial period in the struggle against apartheid.
It focuses on developments in the Transkei at a time when resistance to
the imposition of the system took the form of open rebellion. '
Educational Principles in the Hittite Empire.
once was a waiter called Zidi. The father of the king ordered a harhara-
cup of wine for Histayara and Maratti, but he, Zidi, served the king
good wine and different wine was given to them. Thereupon one of them
said to the king: "They did not give me the wine the king saw."
Thereupon the other spoke likewise. They took Zidi away, maltreated him
and he died.'
William Blake Online.
'Poet, printmaker, visionary, the British artist William Blake
(1757-1827) made work that is both profoundly personal and universal. '
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Project.
'We are honored to present to you the greatest poet the American
continent produced in the seventeenth century. She was born November
12, 1651, in San Miguel Nepantla, a village south of Mexico City.
She was a Poet Nun, a woman of genius, and a person of intellectual
prowess whose ideas and accomplishments were ahead of her time. '
'Thanks for visiting the first Himachal Pradesh site on the World Wide
Please click on any of the links above to learn more about the hilly
state of Himachal Pradesh, India. '
Culture, history, travel.
'Lojban is a carefully constructed spoken language designed in the hope
of removing a large portion of the ambiguity from human communication.
It was made well-known by a Scientific American article and references
in both science fiction and computer publications. Lojban has been built
over five decades by dozens of workers and hundreds of supporters. '
'Mississippi has a unique musical heritage. The students at Starkville High School have
native to Mississippi or who have spent a significant part of their lives in the state of
Mississippi and included them here. Their music may be blues, jazz, country, classical, gospel,
rock 'n roll, rhythm and blues, or popular. This material is being updated regularly. '
the life and
work of Hokusai.
'Katsushika Hokusai's depiction of ukiyo-e, the floating world, has a
humble beginning as a plebeian skill during the Edo era (1603 - 1867).
Over time, his works have achieved international acclaim, crossing
boundaries of nationalities and periodic styles. It was here in Obuse, a
town in Nagano Prefecture, that this man who is now known as a cultural
giant produced masterpieces of his final years. '
Venerable socialist publication.
'In May 1949 Monthly Review began publication in New York City, as cold
war hysteria gathered force in the United States. The first issue featured
the lead article Why Socialism? by Albert Einstein. From the first Monthly
Review spoke for socialism and against U.S. imperialism, and is still
doing so today. '
'In the pre-television era of the Thirties, radio was king. Families
gathered around their radios to listen to comedies, dramas, the
president's fireside chats, and much-anticipated sporting events ... '
The Jubilee Singers.
'In the chaotic decade following the Civil War, a group of young ex-slaves
in Nashville, Tennessee, set out on a mission to save their financially
troubled school by giving concerts. Traveling first through cities in the
North, then on to venues across Europe, the Jubilee Singers introduced
audiences to the power of spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery.
Driven to physical collapse and even death, the singers proved more
successful -- and more inspirational -- than anyone could have imagined. A
portrait of faith, music, and sacrifice. '
The Thoreau Reader.
"The greater part of what my neighbors call good I believe in my soul to
be bad, and if I repent of anything, it is very likely to be my good
behavior. What demon possessed me that I behaved so well?"
The Milgram Experiment.
'The experimenter (E) convinces the participant (S) to give what the
participant believes are painful electric shocks to another participant
(A), who is actually an actor. Many participants continued to give
shocks despite pleas for mercy from the actor.'
of Latino and Latin American
'The purpose of Archivos Virtuales is to expand access
to information about the Archives of American Art's
papers of Latino and Latin American artists. This Web
site uses the Archives' published guide, The Papers of
Latino and Latin American Artists (1996 and revised
edition, 2000) as its foundation, incorporating all of
the previously published collection descriptions,
adding new acquisitions and detailed finding aids,
when available and enhancing it with an online
selection digitized letters, sketchbooks, photographs,
scrapbooks, interview transcripts, and other primary
of Court Ladies
of Old Japan.
'Izumi Shikibu's Diary is written with extreme
delicacy of treatment. English words and thought seem
too downright a medium into which to render these
evanescent, half-expressed sentences and poems–vague
as the misty mountain scenery of her country, with no
pronouns at all, and without verb inflections. The shy
reserve of the lady's written record has induced the
use of the third person as the best means of
suggesting it. '
'Of the "Sarashina Diary" there exist a few manuscript
copies, and three or four publications of the text.
Some of them are confused and unreadably incoherent.
The present translation was done by comparing all the
texts accessible, and is especially founded on the
connected text by Mr. Sakine, professor of the Girls'
Higher Normal School, Tokio, published by Meiji Shoin,
Itchome Nishiki-cho, Kanda-ku, Tokio. As far as
possible the exact meaning has been adhered to, and
the words chosen to express it have been kept
absolutely simple, without complexity of thought, for
such is the vocabulary in [Page v] which it was
written. Sometimes the diarist uses the present tense,
sometimes the tense seems reminiscent. The words in
square brackets have been inserted by the translators
to complete the sense in English of sentences which
literally rendered do not carry with them the
suggestion of the Japanese text. '
Heisenberg and the
'Werner Heisenberg (1901-76)
was one of the greatest physicists of the twentieth
century. He is best known as a founder of quantum
mechanics, the new physics of the atomic world, and
especially for the uncertainty principle in quantum
theory. He is also known for his controversial role as
a leader of Germany's nuclear fission research during
World War II. After the war he was active in
elementary particle physics and West German science
Ghost Towns by Night Light.
'Ghost towns are palpable history, places where you
can reach out and touch the past, where it's so close
it seems just around the corner. I know, because as a
boy in the Southwest, I couldn't leave the house
without being warned (in vain) to stay out of the old
mines that riddled the surrounding southern Arizona
Blenheim Palace: The House That John Built.
'It was one of the most reviled buildings in all of
England and one of the most notable. It was built in
the early 1700s to glorify the great military hero
John Churchill, yet ended up tarnishing his reputation
with its egotistic excess. Winston Spencer Churchill
was born, married and got his sense of destiny here.
But nobody deserves more credit or blame for Blenheim
Palace than John's lovely, hotheaded wife, Sarah.
Because John was away at war much of the time, Sarah
bore most of the responsibility for building the
place, and after he died she continued to furnish it
with monuments to his memory ... '
A Writer in His Time.
'When Ernest Hemingway arrived in Paris late in 1921
to take up residence in the Anglo-American enclave
of avant-garde artists and intellectuals there, his
literary aspirations were purely speculative. Yet at
twenty-two, this would-be writer somehow engendered
credibility; even before he published anything major,
many of the enclave's expatriate literati, among them
Ezra Pound and Ford Madox Ford, regarded him as a
significant talent. The belief in him proved well
founded. With the publication of his first novel, The
Sun Also Rises, in 1926, Hemingway emerged as one of
the most original writers of his generation. Over the
next several decades, many of his short stories and
novels would be embraced as classics almost overnight
Worship of the Serpent, 1833.
'This is an early 19th century study of Ophiolatreia,
or snake-worship. Deane's primary thesis here is that
ancient serpent worship was based on memories of the
Garden of Eden. He has a monomaniacal devotion to the
subject of snake worship and sees evidence of it
everywhere. Deane reviews a massive amount of data
from antiquity, travelers tales, and legend and
folklore. A particularly compelling portion of the
book describes ancient megalithic temples such as the
Avebury and Carnac complexes as giant representations
of snakes. One wonders what he would have made of the
ancient American mound builders, who made huge sinuous
earth sculptures in the Ohio valley. '
'Because he wrote before such advances such as the
decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics, excavations in
Mesopotamia, detailed knowledge of eastern religions
in the west, and the systematic study of folklore and
anthropology, much of this information is outdated or
incorrect. For instance, many of his etymologies can't
be supported by modern historical linguistics. On the
other hand, many later discoveries added to our
understanding of the special role that snakes and
other reptiles play in religion and mythology. '
'Marxist Humanist, born in the Ukraine in 1910 and
moved with her parents to Chicago in 1920 to escape
famine; expelled from the US Communist Party at age 14
as a Trotskyist; the first to decipher and translate
Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. Raya
was a secretary to Trotsky for a time durng the 1930s,
but she developed a position in opposition to
Trotsky's "statism". She differs sharply also from
"Marxist Humanists" like Fromm and Marcuse and from
Lukacs, since from the beginning Raya took a clear
stand against Stalinism. Raya was also the translator
of Lenin's Philosophical Notebooks, and these notes
were an important part of her political position
throughout her life. In her final years, she developed
criticisms of Lenin over Lenin's theory of the Party.'
Blogeur is five. Congratulations!
'Ladies, Gentlemen, distinguished guests, bemused
perusers of all shapes and sizes... it is my pleasure
to be your host at my website, le Blogeur. But I
forget myself-- my name is Relton DuPiniot, and I am a
blogeur. I enjoy spending all of my time spying on
various weblogs and seeing what they're up to-- o, the
pleasure I get from viewing well-formed HTML
surrounding interesting, pithy commentary related to
the finest, freshest links imaginable!'
'Five years ago we showcased a group of seven emerging
artists in an exhibition called Sculpting Talent. In
this new exhibition, we turn the spotlight back on the
original seven artists whose work we believe continues
to be at the forefront of modern Inuit art. Far from
disappearing, we believe that the art of this new
generation is gaining momentum and continuing to grow
and evolve, while remaining deeply tied to the
uniquely resourceful spirit that permeates the Arctic
... ' begin
'Favela Faces is a bilingual web site that uses photographs and short
video interviews to tell the stories behind the faces of four people
living in or around the favelas of Rio de Janeiro.'
'These four stories relate the problems facing favela residents, the
ways in which they are working to overcome them, and how they have and
continue to improve their communities with the limited resources available
Ella Fitzgerald. Jazz.
'Ella Fizgerald's remarkable artistry and incomparable vocal delivery
have touched and inspired generations of Americans. She recorded over
200 albums, around 2,000 songs, sold over 40 million records and received
13 Grammy awards in her remarkable lifetime. In May 2005, Ella will be
commemorated with the 2005 Ford Freedom Award which recognizes African
American who have made positive contributions that promote lasting and
positive change. '
The Official Monitor
Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons: State
of Texas, 1922.
'This is the 'Monitor' of the Texas Masons. It describes ceremonies,
including the those used for the three major initiations and the burial
rite. The Monitor has model speeches and prayers for various occasions,
and defines the order of Masonic processions. The Texas Monitor is
similar to the monitors of other states. Keep in mind that for copyright
purposes, the source text for this is an older version of the Texas
Monitor. The current Texas Monitor has undoubtedly changed slightly
since this edition was published. '
'Ow be knackin' vore?
John Germon was born and raised in the Devon stannary town of Ashburton.
He attended both the Primary and "The Big School" and has a keen
interest in local dialect. John's been the Chairman of Ashburton Devon
Dialect Club for more years than he cares to remember.'
Systema Saturnium by Christiaan Huygens.
'Christiaan Huygens (pronounced How'-kenz) was born in The Hague,
Netherlands, on April 14, 1629. He had the good fortune to be born
into a prominent Dutch family with his grandfather, father, and brother
serving as secretaries and diplomats to the ruling house of Orange.
Huygens did not enter into government service as his interests turned
toward science and mathematics. He could do this primarily because his
father set him up with an allowance which enabled him to concentrate
entirely on his studies. From 1650, when he left college, to 1666,
Huygens lived at home and conducted his research with only three brief
interludes in which he visited Paris and London ... '
Sadness of Bereaved Families of kamikaze
'This section has stories related to the families of kamikaze pilots
who died in the war. The deep sorrow felt by the families is shown
in the following words of one grieving father, "If someone could have
taken his place, I would have died instead of him. I wanted my son to
live a long life." Several of the stories include letters written by
Quechua being the principal indigenous language of
'This site contains a wealth of information on the Quechua language
in general. Choose the area in which you are most interested from the
following list. And please remember to check back often! I am constantly
adding new information as I find it. In all categories, I have included
links to other relevant sites of interest. '
The Sydney Push.
'The Sydney Push was a predominantly left-wing intellectual sub-culture
in Sydney from the late 1940s to the early '70s ...
The Push operated in a pub culture and were noted libertarians and
nonconformists, critical of authority.'
'The crisis years between 1968 and 1977 represented the most tumultuous
era in West Germany's entire internal social-political history. The
student protests of 1968 that promised so much hope, quickly fizzled
into riots. Many of the leftist students would follow Rudi Dutschke's
clarion call and begin their "long march through the institutions" (a
decade later many of these former radical students were the main force
behind the Greens party). But a select few of the radicals had no time
for any nebulous march -- they wanted Revolution now, and sought to
kickstart the cause through terrorism ... '