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31st March

Literary Landscapes. British landscape in literature.

WILD: Fashion Untamed. 'WILD: Fashion Untamed presents an extensive exploration of man's ongoing obsession with animalism as expressed through clothing. Since prehistoric times, fur and feathers have been used not only for warmth and protection but also for display and adornment, an expression of sexual and economic exhibitionism. ' Images.

Graphic City: Sao Paulo. Street photography.

Bhutan, Fortress of the Gods. Virtual exhibition about the Buddhist Himalayan kingdom.

F. Scott Fitzgerald Centenary. From 1996. 'F. Scott Fitzgerald created his own legends. His life frequently overshadows his work as he has become an archetypal figureòor a cluster of overlapping archetypes: the drunken writer, the ruined novelist, the spoiled genius, the personification of the Jazz Age, the sacrificial victim of the Depression. These images were largely his own fault because he dramatized his success and failure. Loving attention, he embraced his symbolic roles. The glamour, the triumph, the euphoria, the heartbreak, and the tragedy of his life were genuine; but the most important thing is what he wrote. Everything else matters only to the extent that it explicates his work or clarifies his career. But it is impossible to dissociate a great writer from his work, and Fitzgerald was one of the most personal authors.'

Zot! Online. Online comic.

The Swedish Social Democracy Archive.

Steroids in Baseball. Satirical cartoons.

30th March

Legs: A Tribute to Cyd Charisse. 'Cyd Charisse was born Tula Ellice Finklea on March 8, 1922, in Amarillo, Texas. Hollywood's greatest dancer of all times first studied classical dancing. She was in the Russian Ballet in Monte-Carlo and worked with David Lichine and Leonid Massine, using the names Felia Sidorova and Maria Istomina. She married her ex-dance teacher, Nico Charisse, in 1939. In 1943, David Lichine asked her to appear in her first movie ballet, in "Something to shout about", in which she is credited as Lily Norwood. The same year, she played a Bolchoï dancer in "Mission to Moscow", by Michael Curtiz. Choreographer Robert Alton and producer Arthur Freed hired her, to dance with Fred Astaire in "Ziegfeld Follies", directed by Vincente Minnelli, and Cyd Charisse then signed a seven year deal with the MGM. "The Harvey Girls", in 1945, by George Sidney and featuring Judy Garland, gave her the opportunity to show her talent as an actress.'

The Canadian Red Cross Memorial Hospital. An abandoned place.
'If you were hoping to make an appointment at the hospital, you've come to the wrong place. Actually, there is no right place to go. The CRCMH closed its doors forever in the darkest depths of 1985. Or so it was believed...'
'Since then, however, the derelict buildings and grounds have become a unique source of adventure and intrigue for more Maidenhead citizens of all ages than would freely admit. Over the past 15 years, the CRCMH has firmly established itself as the town's equivalent of the Guatemalan city of Tikal, or Cambodia's Angkor temples. Although centuries younger, the CRCMH's eerie setting as a vast abandoned complex in a remote overgrown forest is more awe inspiring than any officially recognised historical sites in the region ... '

Inventors. Biographies and timelines of inventors and inventions.

Lorenzo Lotto: Rediscovered Master of the Renaissance. 'When he was only twenty-five years of age, Lorenzo Lotto was described as "a most famous painter." But later in life (c. 1480-1556/1557) he was overshadowed by his towering contemporary, Titian, and afterward, Lotto was all but forgotten. Although he was born in Venice, Lotto pursued an independent career elsewhere in northern and central Italy that placed him outside the mainstream of Venetian art. Working in the cities and towns of the Venetian republic, the Marches along the Adriatic coast, and briefly in Rome, he developed an idiosyncratic style bordering on the bizarre. His inventiveness and quirky sense of humor are evident in the obscure symbols, visual puns, and curious details in many of his paintings. Only on reaching his mid-forties did Lotto return to Venice, where he worked for less than a decade before leaving once again for the Marches. Deeply religious, he spent his last years as a lay brother in the Marian sanctuary of Loreto.'

Zen Unbound.

Carl von Clausewitz. The author of 'On War' - site.
'The author of the work here translated, General Carl Von Clausewitz, was born at Burg, near Magdeburg, in 1780, and entered the Prussian Army as Fahnenjunker (i.e., ensign) in 1792. He served in the campaigns of 1793-94 on the Rhine, after which he seems to have devoted some time to the study of the scientific branches of his profession. In 1801 he entered the Military School at Berlin, and remained there till 1803. During his residence there he attracted the notice of General Scharnhorst, then at the head of the establishment; and the patronage of this distinguished officer had immense influence on his future career, and we may gather from his writings that he ever afterwards continued to entertain a high esteem for Scharnhorst ... '

Boyd's Sanitarium, Dripping Springs, New Mexico. An interesting abandoned place. (Southwest Ghost Hunter's Association site).

Vilma Banky. Silent movie star - the 'Hungarian Rhapsody'.

Ho Chi Minh Archive.

William Haines. Silent movie star.

29th March

Decameron Web. A growing hypermedia archive of materials dedicated to Boccaccio's masterpiece.

History of the British Anti-slavery Movement. 'In the space of just 26 years, the British government outlawed the slave trade that Britain had created and went on to abolish the practice of slavery throughout the colonies. John Oldfield shows how this national campaign became one of the most successful reform movements of the 19th century.'

Japanese Decorative Arts in the Tokyo National Museum.

Unrealised Moscow. 'Moscow architecture from the 1930s to the early 1950s undoubtedly occupies a central place in domestic construction of the socialist epoch. Its specific nature and scope is the most outstanding illustration of the socialist Utopia in architecture. This period saw the work of the greatest Soviet architects; B. Icfan, A. Schusev, I. Zholtovsky, the Vesnin brothers, I. Fomin, L. Rudnev, I. Golosov, V. Schuko. Among the far-reaching projections of the first stalinist "five year plans", the 1935 General plan for the reconstruction of Moscow overshadowed all others. According to this plan, Moscow was to become, in the shortest possible time, the showpiece capital of the world's first socialist state ... '

Mark Twain in His Times. 'This interpretive archive, drawn largely from the resources of the Barrett Collection, focuses on how "Mark Twain" and his works were created and defined, marketed and performed, reviewed and appreciated. The goal is to allow readers, scholars, students and teachers to see what Mark Twain and His Times said about each other, in a way that can speak to us today. Contained here are dozens of texts and manuscripts, scores of contemporary reviews and articles, hundreds of images, and many different kinds of interactive exhibits. '

Deception Island, Antarctica. 'By its very name, Deception Island conjures up vivid images of bleak and foreboding shores swathed in slowly swirling mist and gloomy grey cliffs. Pretty close actually.'

Vincent van Gogh 1853-1890. "And my aim in my life is to make pictures and drawings, as many and as well as I can; then, at the end of my life, I hope to pass away, looking back with love and tender regret, and thinking, 'Oh, the pictures I might have made!'"

A Short History of Scotch Plains, New Jersey.

Cassini Mission to Saturn & Titan. Exploratorium exhibit.

India's Popular Art of Muslim Religious Posters.

Malcolm X Reference Archive. (

Houston Surrealist Group.

Date to Save. 'Hello, my name is Tamara! As you can probably tell, I'm a Christian woman who loves Jesus Christ and cares for all humans, even the wicked. What you probably don't know is that I'm hot. My picture below isn't really that good. I want to use my beauty for GOD, and want to encourage Christian women (my sisters in Christ) to do the same, according to the Great Commission.' Via Blort.

Tobacco Ads. Via Blort.

A Walk Through Durham Township, Pennsylvania. Via Bibi's Box.

The Art of Alex Gross. Via Bibi's Box.

R. A. Maguire Cover Art. Via the Cartoonist.

Ramelli's Machines: Original Drawings of 16th Century Machines. Via the Cartoonist.

Strange Dolls. Via MeFi.

How to Draw the Union Jack. Via Life in the Present.

26th March

Zen@MetaLab. 'If you've wandered here wanting to know what Zen is, then more than likely you will come away disappointed. This is a question that is easily asked but not easily answered. A Hindu story tells of a fish who asked of another fish: "I have always heard about the sea, but what is it? Where is it?" The other fish replied: "You live, move and have your being in the sea. The sea is within you and without you, and you are made of sea, and you will end in sea. The sea surrounds you as your own being." The only true answer is the one that you find for youself. '
'This page on Zen was created while I was searching for a home for an on-line version of The Gateless Gate, a famous collection of koans (a koan is a short story, often a dialog between a student and a teacher, that points towards some essence of the spirit of Zen). I don't claim to be an expert on koans or on Zen, but I fell in love with the spirit of the Zen teachings and wanted to be able to share some of the koans with the Net at large. Read a koan picked at random from the text. I've also included some other Zen sources that you might like to browse around. '

The Doukhobors: "Spirit Wrestlers". Russian pacifist Christian sect.
'Western Canada is home to half the world's Doukhobors, or, translated literally from the Russian, "Spirit Wrestlers." Their Russian origins are evident in all aspects of their heritage. In keeping with their motto, "Toil and peaceful life," Doukhobors seek to balance the basic needs of everyday life with spiritual beliefs based on Christian principles. To preserve and make known their ideals, Doukhobors have developed a rich song tradition, consisting of psalms and hymns, as well as other types of songs. '
'To mark the first century of Doukhobor life in Canada (1899-1999), this exhibition offers a sampling from the museum's collections. '

Cruise to Alaska. Travelogue. 'When Michael Parfit boarded the Holland America ship Volendam for a seven-day cruise from Vancouver, British Columbia, to Glacier Bay, Alaska, and back, he joined the more than half a million tourists who cruise the Inside Passage each year. Indeed, the popularity of cruising has skyrocketed in the past 30 years, and the industry now generates an estimated annual gross revenue of $13 billion. Parfit's chronicle of his Alaskan journey looks at some of the realities and illusions of cruising ... '

Niki de Saint Phalle's Tarot Garden. '"Without Death, Life has no meaning" : Niki de Saint Phalle's death in May 2002 meant the loss of a woman of diverse creative talent. For fans of mosaic though, her great lagacy centers on the huge Cyclops in the Fontainbleu forest near Paris, and her stunning sculpture garden in Italy. The Tarot Garden (Giardino Dei Tarocchi) is an exploration of the human condition whose medium is mosaic on a monumental scale. These almost impossibly brightly coloured combinations of buildings and sculpture reflect the metaphysical qualities represented by the 22 main tarot cards (the major arcana). They're not concerned with the fortune-telling uses of the cards, rather the elements of life's experience, personality and self-knowledge they refer to. Work on the garden began in 1979 and the main part of the work was carried out in the 1980s; it was officially opened to the public in May 1998. During construction Niki de Saint Phalle lived in the sphinx-like Empress, a mirror-glassed cavern with kitchen, bedroom and bathroom leading off ... '

The North at War. (UK)
'The World Wars of 1914-18 and 1939-45 made extraordinary demands on people living in the north of England. '
'The Imperial War Musuem has drawn together photographs, objects and personal accounts for a special exhibition exploring how the war shaped the lives of people in the region.'

History of Esperanto.

Think Progress. US left-of-centre blog.

About Puzzles. Logic, lateral thinking and word puzzles.

25th March

The Vanished Gallery: The Desaparecidos of Argentina.
'Desaparecidos is the Spanish word for "The Disappeared." For thousands of Argentine families, this word has become a symbol of a long harrowing nightmare. '
'In a coup on March 24, 1976, a military junta seized power in Argentina and went on a campaign to wipe out left-wing terrorism with terror far worse than the one they were combating. Between 1976 and 1983 - under military rule - thousands of people, most of them dissidents and innocent civilians unconnected with terrorism, were arrested and then vanished without a trace. '
'In 1983, after democracy was restored, a national commission was appointed to investigate the fate of the disappeared. Its report revealed the systematic abductions of men women and children, the existence of about 340 well organized secret detention centers, and the methodic use of torture and murder. According to former president, Carlos Menem, records of the atrocities were destroyed by the military, following the 1982 Falklands War. The disappeared have not been heard of to this day. '
'These pages are a humble attempt to bring the voices of the desaparecidos and their loved ones to the world. The vanishing was swift, a burst into a home at night, a few minutes and they were gone - not enough time to be heard. We owe it to them. '

The On-line Encyclopaedia of Integer Sequences. Interesting numbers.

From Filippo Lippi to Piero della Francesca: Fra Carnevale and the Making of a Renaissance Master. 'Two cities-Florence and Urbino; a key moment in the history of Italian Renaissance art; 55 works by some of the greatest painters and sculptors, including Filippo Lippi, Domenico Veneziano, Piero della Francesca, and Luca della Robbia, as well as eccentric paintings by little-known masters; and the identification of a heretofore mysterious personality who practiced painting and sculpture and was associated with the celebrated court of Urbino: these are the ingredients of this jewel-like exhibition.'

Shohaku Show. 'The Shohaku Show explores the life and works of the iconoclastic Edo-period painter Soga Shohaku (1730-1781), who has long been believed to come from the province of Ise (now Mie Prefecture). His many works in this area even today appear to confirm this. However, records indicate that from his father's generation the family lived in Kyoto, where many eminent painters, including Yosa Buson, Ike no Taiga, Maruyama Okyo, Nagasawa Rosetsu, and Ito Jakuchu, were active. Ranking in line with such figures, Shohaku developed his own distinctive style by deviating from the contemporary art scene and professing to the then outdated style of the Muromachi (1392-1572) painter Soga Jasoku (d. 1483), undoubtedly in an attempt to undermine the overwhelming popularity of the realist painter Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795) ... '

History of the Black Panther Party. ( 'In October of 1966, in Oakland California, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The Panthers practiced militant self-defense of minority communities against the U.S. government, and fought to establish revolutionary socialism through mass organizing and community based programs. The party was one of the first organizations in U.S. history to militantly struggle for ethnic minority and working class emancipation - a party whose agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines. '

A Country Diary. Living the peaceful life in Devon.
'The Idler's Editor, Tom Hodgkinson, has retired to a Devon farmhouse. Here's the twenty first part of his diary.' Older entries linked at the bottom of the page.

Space and Culture. A journal of social spaces.

Bioethics Blog. Coverage of the Terri Schiavo case is particularly pertinent.

The Rude Pundit. Proudly lowering the level of political discourse.

The Association of Tibetan Journalists.

Les Jardins de la Feuilleraie. 'For the past 20 years, a French lady named Hurfane has been creating a vast mosaic landscape deep in the rolling countryside of the French region of Perche d'Eure et Loir. Her work falls into two main gardens. The pink garden is what you see as you come in through the gates. It is set within a courtyard, centred on a shallow pool. The terraces and low borders are covered in mosaic tiles, mostly pinks, with a range of other bright colours, forming geometric patterns, swirling designs and pictorial motifs (peacocks, squirrels, genets, fish, butterflies, and so on). The courtyard walls have large pictorial mosaic panels showing rural scenes...'

Previously Unreleased Economic and Labor Briefings from the Dept. of Labor. (USA) 'Almost every week since 11 September 2003, the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration [here] has prepared a "Briefing on Economic and Labor Market Conditions" to provide Department employees with capsule articles on employment and economic news. With the exception of one leaked issue, these reports have never been made available to the public until now.'
'The first public mention of these reports appears to be a small Washington Post article, "A Labored Projection" by Dana Milbank (31 October 2004) [second item here]. The 22 Oct 2004 edition of the briefing predicted that Bush would win the then-upcoming election. Based on this mention of a heretofore unacknowledged regular report, DC-area researcher Michael Ravnitzky filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the entire run of the briefings. They are in the zip file above.'

24th March

Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos. 'The Tetrabiblos, or 'four-part book' of Ptolemy is one of the most important surviving ancient texts on Astrology. Claudius Ptolemy, the second century C.E. author of this book, is best known as the originator of the Ptolemaic system. The Earth stood fixed at the center of the universe, with crystalline spheres within spheres whirling around it. In balance, the universe had a vast influence on earthly events, which was the basis for the belief in Astrology. This explanation stood for nearly a millenium and a half, bolstered by its acceptance as orthodoxy by the Catholic Church, until Copernicus and Galileo demolished it and placed the heliocentric (sun-centered) system in its place ... '

Ireland's History in Maps. Clans, kingdoms, society, language, etc. etc., over the centuries.

Hokusai: Not Only "36 Views of Mt.Fuji" But ...
'How many works of Katsushika Hokusai do you know ? Katsushika Hokusai( 1760 - 1849 ) was very famous Ukiyo-e artist in Edo period. He is now recognized as one of the most important Japanese artists in the world. Here, we would like to show you a lot of his works, including Ukiyo-e prints, Hokusai's sketchs and so on. We hope those Hokusai's works take you to the wonderful world.'

Folkstreams: The Best of American Folklore Films. 'The mission of is to build a national preserve of documentary films about American folk or roots culture. Produced by independent filmmakers, these hard-to-find films give voice to the arts and experience of diverse American groups. They are streamed on the website together with background materials that highlight the history and aesthetic importance of the traditions and the films...'

Magic Squares. 'Magic squares received their name because there are so many relationships between the sums of the numbers filling the squares. '
'Students often believe that "mathematics" was "written" by one person. In these pages you will find that the magic square mathematical game has existed throughout history and in many different parts of the world. Math is all around us and your mind will see it when you're ready! '

Blood and Honey. A photoessay on the disintegration of Yugoslavia.
'In 1991 I heard about an independence movement in a country called Yugoslavia. I didn't know much about it. It was a place known for the Olympics, and the assassination of a prince there had started World War I. It was interesting that Yugoslavia was one of the last countries left over from the cold war that had not gone through a major political change. I thought the rhetoric coming out of there had an evil nationalistic tone.'
'The fall of the Berlin wall and subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union had led people to believe that the world had taken a turn towards peace. All that wound up happening in places such as Yugoslavia was the lifting of a lid on fervent nationalistic feelings.'
'I decided to go. My decision was reaffirmed by the quick announcement of the independence of Slovenia, one of the republics. I left that night. By the next day it was evident that independence wasn't going to be easy...'

Provence Gallery. Photography from the south of France.

Lake Superior Photo. 'Welcome to the photography of Brian and Shawn Malone- photos, images from Northern Michigan, the beautiful Upper Peninsula, and surrounding Lake Superior region. Whether you decide to check out our recent Lake Superior Circle Tour or just browse the spectacular wonders of da U.P., you are sure to find a little bit of everything on this site.Thank you for visiting...'

Yeast of Eden. Food blog.

Footy Photo Service. Soccer.

I think I'm a ninja dwarf. Though I may have some ninja elf tendencies. Via MeFi.

Local Chaos. 'Hello, my name is Wes and my friends and I published a 'zine back in the 80's called "local CHAOS". We had a way cool music and skate scene then and that gave us lots to write about. We wrote about our "skate missions", published letters and "scene reports" that skaters sent in , did some music reviews, skater art, skate spots, contests and sessions. Stuff like that. Anyway... fast forward 20 years and we now have a website based on those same ideas. Pretty much anything is a go here. So check out the forum section and post a note or browse the over 600 images in the gallery section. ' Via MeFi.


23rd March

Easter 1916, W.B. Yeats.

Easter Eve, Chekhov.

Looking at Buildings. Great buildings of Britain. Via MeFi.

22nd March

Dazhdbog's Grandchildren. 'This server was created as an enthusiastic effort of Sergei Naumov, a graduate student on the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The server contains different materials relevant to Russia. I am not trying to catch up all the information, on the contrary, I will limit myself to more specific, cultural oriented subjects, and I desire to keep this spirit in future. You will find images, music, poetry here. '

Talk Reason. 'This website presents a collection of articles which aim to defend genuine science from numerous attempts by the new crop of creationists to replace it with theistic pseudo-science under various disguises and names. '

History of San Francisco's Chinatown. 'Chinatown, though focused on one neighborhood, is in many ways the story of all Chinese in America. For decades, San Francisco's Chinatown was the largest community of Chinese outside Asia, and yet was a neighborhood forced to be independent, even isolated, from the rest of society. Its residents were barred from even the basic rights of citizenship. Even so, over 150 years, Chinatown's residents have managed to create a thriving community that today is the second most popular destination for visitors to San Francisco (after the Golden Gate Bridge), and which still functions today as a gateway to immigrants from all across Asia. '

Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth, a scholarly work from 1950.
'As a mythological study of the American West, Virgin Land may be brought into sharper focus both by providing a more precise definition of myth that Henry Nash Smith assays, and by disentangling the thematic strands of myth that run through his landmark study. While Smith does a thorough job in describing particular myths -- their background, color, appeal to the mind, and so forth -- he is not particularly concerned with theoretical issues or with structuring his work around the various axes implied by a theoretical approach. Virgin Land is arranged more or less chronologically, tracing the concept of The West from the long-standing question for a "Passage to India," through various literary modes of expression and political and economic transformations, and finally to the settlement of the West and Frederick Jackson Turner's articulation of the "frontier hypothesis" in 1893 -- with many side roads and auxiliary topics supporting Smith's thesis along the way. An alternative method of navigating Virgin Land is to follow the individual strands of mythological construction that, taken together, weave the texture of Smith's central thesis. '

Lithuanian Mythological Tales.

Urban Legends and Folklore.

Tourist of Death. 'This site was originally created as a historical archive of the WTC Tourist picture hoax. Over time it has changed formats on more than one occasion, but retains all the original content concerning the tourist in the picture galleries. Enjoy. '

SriPedia. 'The SriPedia initiative attempts to provide universal access to some of the numerous texts that comprise the body of Vedic knowledge. '

Arctic Circle Travelogues. Mike's trips on a Harley Sportster.

History of Country Music. 'Welcome to Roughstock's History of Country Music! This is the only country music history site on the Web, brought to you by the world's #1 Country and Western Site: Roughstock. This exhibit looks at some of the influential artists and songs of the late 1920's through the year 2000, era by era. Look around, you'll find artists from Gene Autry, Roy Acuff, Bob Wills, Hank Williams to Patsy Cline, Lefty Frizzell, Willie Nelson, Garth Brooks and many others. Included in our narrative look are numerous rare images, sound clips, and digital movies.'

Durham: Echoes of Power. 'After the Norman Conquest, the Palatinate of Durham, was ruled by prince bishops exercising almost royal prerogatives. At the end of the middle ages, their actual power waned but Durham's prestige remained undimmed. Much of their rich architectural legacy survived to be recorded by artists and antiquarians in succeeding centuries ... '

Gustav Klimt 1862-1918. Art.

Spitzer Space Telescope Image Galleries.

Tibetan Medicine and Astrology.

History of Anarchism.

Google Holiday Logos.

The Jewish History Sourcebook.

The Astronomy Workshop.

21st March

Battlefields Trust Resource Centre. (UK)
'This website is being developed to provide information on fields of conflict throughout the United Kingdom. '
'It is essential reading for anyone visiting a battlefield, an invaluable education resource and contains important information for those investigating or conserving battlefields. Included are maps, images, air photos, walking and driving tours, resources for teachers and much more.'

Life in Elizabethan England: A Compendium of Common Knowledge 1558-1603.

The Fall of Parity. 'Between Christmas of 1956 and New Year's Day, the first exciting results emerged from a difficult but fundamental scientific experiment at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Washington, DC [currently the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)]. The experiment showed, strikingly and convincingly, that in at least one fundamental physical process, our world is distinguishable from its mirror image. Physicists had long assumed the opposite. They constructed their theories so as to ensure that the corresponding mathematical property, called parity, remains unaltered - is conserved - in all subatomic processes. Thus this experiment brought about the fall of parity from its exalted position alongside such well conserved physical quantities as energy, momentum, and electric charge. '

Chinese Tea Stories. 'I grew up with a childhood filled with Aesop, Brothers Grimm, and Disney. I faintly knew the stories and fables of a country hundreds of years old, China. I was familiar with the festivals and names of a handful of tales: Moon Cake Festival, The Water Margin, The Monkey King, but not knowing the full story nor the significance to the Chinese culture. '
'As I was trying to explore these myths, I found that there was a lack of storytelling on the Net. So I'm presenting these stories for you to enjoy, like a fresh cup of tea: full of flavor and distinctiveness. '

Building the Alaska Highway. 'In May of 1942, across the rugged sub-Arctic wilderness of Alaska, British Columbia, and Yukon Territory, thousands of American soldiers began one of the biggest and most difficult construction projects ever undertaken -- the building of the Alaska Highway. '
'The United States had toyed for 80 years with the idea of building a road link from the lower 48 states to Alaska; but it was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that spurred Washington into action. Worried that the Japanese might invade Alaska, President Franklin Roosevelt directed that a supply line be built to U.S military bases in the region ... '

Liberian Refugees. Photoessay.
'Over the course of 13 years of civil war, approxiamtely 340,000 Liberians fled their country seeking refuge in other West African nations. Among those who fled are some 4,000 Liberians who live in a refugee camp in Oru, Nigeria operated by the Nigerian Commission for Refugees in conjunction with the Nigerian Red Cross and the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). The experiences of the Liberians - who share the camp with Sierra Leoneans, Rwandans, and Sudanese - vary. While some arrived as the Liberian civil war climaxed in mid-2003, others have been living in Oru for over 10 years. '

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and Monitor, 1866. 'This book presents details of Masonic initiation rituals, along with grips, passwords and regalia. Written in the 19th century, Duncan's Ritual, as it is known, has been republished numerous times. It includes the three basic degrees of the Ancient York Rite, and four additional advanced degrees. There are over a hundred illustrations, all reproduced here, which show important details of the rituals, including gestures and symbolic pictures. Duncan's Ritual is careful to note known variations where they exist. This book will be of interest to beginning Masons who want a roadmap of the craft, as well as experienced Masons who need a review. '

The Builders, 1914. 'This is a general survey of Masonic origins, history and philosophy. It was at one time given to every new Mason in Iowa, probably a better choice than Morals and Dogma, which is two and a half times as long and much more difficult reading. This is a scholarly but approachable treatment of Masonry and will be enlightening both to practicing Freemasons and a general audience. '

Navjeevan 'is a non-governmental organisation primarily engaged in rehabilitating the children of women working in the red-light areas in Mumbai. It was founded as part of the effort of the Mar Thoma Church to reach out to the several thousand girls who have been lured into living a life of shame in the mean streets of the metropolis formerly called Bombay. '

The Zoot Suit Riots. 'In August 1942 the murder of a young Mexican-American man ignited a firestorm in the City of the Angels. In no time at all, ethnic and racial tensions that had been building up over the years boiled over. Police fanned out across the city in a dragnet that netted 600 Mexican Americans. Among those accused of murder was a young "zoot-suiter" named Hank Leyvas -- the poster boy for an entire generation of rebellious Mexican kids who refused to play by the old rules. As he and sixteen other boys headed to trial, the mood of the city turned violent. The deck was stacked against the defendants, and a verdict of guilty would spark a series of brutal riots. The convictions were ultimately overturned, but the city and its inhabitants would be forever changed.'

Ghost Towns and Abandoned Places of Ontario.

AfroCubaWeb. 'Today the island contains priceless survivals of African cultures - Yoruba, Congo, Old Dahomey, and the Efik/Efo from the Cross River Delta (Nigeria), giving birth to Abakwa and Brikamo. In addition, Cuba hosts a number of communities from the diaspora, especially the Caribbean -- Jamaica, the Bahamas, and other English speaking islands as well as Haiti. '

Calligraphy in the Tokyo National Museum.

Musee Marmottan Monet. Claude Monet museum. 'Impressionist and post-impressionist collections of the Musée Marmottan constitute a very complete and representative group of works of theses artistic movements. '

Stabba Stabba. Web comic.

Casey and Andy. Web comic.

Travels in Rajasthan.

Architecture of France.

Architecture of Spain.

Infiltration. 'Infiltration offers a mix of the practice and theory of urban exploration in areas not designed for public usage. This site is the online companion of the paper zine about going places you're not supposed to go. '

20th March

New plep's puzzle - enjoy pondering it. (A relatively straighforward one, IMHO; I'll try and dig up some more difficult ones soon).

Those amused by BBC2's corporate-backstabbing gameshow 'The Apprentice' may be interested in the websites of contestants James, Sebastian, Raj, Rachel, and Paul.

19th March

Blaeu Atlas of Scotland, 1654. 'The first Atlas of Scotland, containing 49 engraved maps and 154 pages of descriptive text, translated from Latin into English for the first time.' ... browse.

Van Gogh's Van Goghs: Masterpieces from the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. "I want to get to the point where people say of my work that man feels deeply." -- Letter to his brother Theo, 21 July 1882.

Arkhangelskoye Museum, Moscow. 'Arkhangelskoye is among the best of the many architectural ensembles created in the vicinity of Moscow in the late 18th early 19th century. In this ensemble in the Russian Classical style everything harmonizes - the palace, the main courtyard surrounded by a majestic colonnade, the regular park of rare beauty and the grill work of the main gates ... '

History of Ukiyo-e. 'Ukiyoe is a style of wood block printing created and developed during the Edo era (1603-1867) and has more than 300 years history. "Uki" means floating and "yo" means world. "e" in Ukiyoe means picture(s). So Ukiyoe literally means "pictures of the floating world." Ukiyoe describes the Japanese landscapes, the everyday life of commoners, kabuki actors, sumo wrestlers and beautiful women...'

Before and After the Great Earthquake and Fire: Early Films of San Francisco, 1897-1916. 'This collection consists of twenty-six films of San Francisco from before and after the Great Earthquake and Fire, 1897-1916. Seventeen of the films depict San Francisco and its environs before the 1906 disaster. Seven films describe the great earthquake and fire. The two later films include a 1915 travelogue that shows scenes of the rebuilt city and a tour of the Panama Pacific Exposition and a 1916 propaganda film.'

A Pictorial History of Fargo, North Dakota. 'This site is about the history and images of Fargo, North Dakota from its founding in the 1870's until present. Descriptions and historical comments are provided on the pages with the images. The images are primarily from postcards but other sources include stereo views and printed sources from before the turn of the century. My goal is to eventually show the full history of Fargo from its founding to present although my choices are admittedly sometimes eclectic.I hope you enjoy exploring this site. I believe the information provided here is correct.'

The Substitute Teacher: Puzzles and Other Diversions. Nice puzzles.

Images of Violence in the Medieval World. 'Violence was considered a necessary part of life in the Middle Ages (about 500–1500 A.D.). People were surrounded by violence in many forms, including wars, brutal tournaments, and deadly rivalries for power and land. Graphic depictions of violent religious events, such as Christ's Crucifixion, were also common...'

The Teignmouth Electron. 'On 1 July 1969, after sailing 16,591 miles in 213 days, Donald Crowhurst scribbled his last deranged entry in the log of Teignmouth Electron, made his way to the stern and stepped into the sea. About to unfold was perhaps the greatest scandal in yachting history. ' Via MeFi.

18th March

The Aberfan Disaster: 21 October 1966. 'On the 21 October 1966, 144 people, 116 of them children, were killed when a tip of coal waste slid onto the village of Aberfan in South Wales. '
'These pages were initially set up as part of a project to catalogue and conserve an archive of material relating to the disaster held at Merthyr Tydfil and Dowlais libraries. Their objective is to act as a starting place for those interested in finding out about the disaster. They provide an overview of the circumstances surrounding the disaster and, more importantly, a guide and link to the more detailed sources of information available elsewhere. '

Brussels' Palace of Glass and Greenery. ' "All that I desire," Leopold II said, upon his accession in 1865, "is to leave Belgium larger, stronger and more beautiful." One of the wealthiest and most reviled men of the late 19th century, Leopold labored throughout his 44-year reign to make Belgium a world power and to turn its capital into a city worthy of international acclaim. Chief among his many projects was his estate at Laeken on the outskirts of Brussels. There, on the palace grounds, he constructed a city of glass-a series of 16 huge interconnected greenhouses, built in stages starting in 1874. '

Mongol Tibet Network. 'Mongol-Tibet.Net is intended to cover things commonly related to the Mongol and Tibetan nations, people who are closely connected to each other, in many ways, along their history . There are some subsites which are on separate topics but are related to the main topic of this site. You will also find information on some other regions and people, especially the ones from Central Asia, who might somehow be related either to Mongolia or to Tibet. We would like to present certain concerns about the situations in Southern/Inner Mongolia and Tibet, whose people are suffering under the colonial rule of the People's Republic of China. We would also like to provide information on the Uighur region, Burma and others. '

The Book of Sand. A hypertext exploration of Borges' classic.
'Welcome! This web site contains, in eight randomly numbered pages, the text of Jorge Luis Borges' story The Book of Sand (as translated by Norman Thomas di Giovanni), with pictures and animations based on old engravings and photographs. It is, I hope, an intriguing presentation of one of Borges' lesser-known works. But it also offers a unique opportunity for readers to interact with the story.'
'The Book of Sand site is a hypertext, with a nonlinear structure and dynamic images. This story is well-suited for such a presentation, since it deals with a supernatural book whose many pages are in no discernible order. And the story's spare, haunting atmosphere comes through clearly, if not more strongly, when it is read in short, random fragments. But the site is also a puzzle -- because only you, the reader, can decide in what order to view the pages. Borges' original story provides an authoritative ordering of the text, but that authority has been removed from this version.'

Wright on the Web: A Virtual Look at the Works of Frank Lloyd Wright. "Every great architect is - necessarily - a great poet. He must be a great original interpreter of his time, his day, his age." - FLW.
'This site offers a brief overview of Frank Lloyd Wright's prolific 70-year career and a "webliography" -- i.e., a gathering of internet resources that might contribute to the study, appreciation, or sheer enjoyment of works created by the man who has been called America's most creative and innovative architect. Also included is a page that features seventeen buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright which have been designated by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) to be retained as an example of his architectural contribution to American culture. It is hoped that Wright on the Web will inspire the visitor to seek out his nearest building --or make a pilgrimage to a distant one-- and experience "for real" an actual structure or interior space that Frank Lloyd Wright created.'

Rebus Puzzles. Pictogram puzzles representing words or phrases.

African Studies Quarterly. Online journal of Africa.

Nembutsu. Journal of Pure Land (Shin) Buddhism.

The Kingdom of Hannover. History of the former German kingdom.

The Sydney Opera House Virtual Tour.

From Old World to New World. Plant migration to the New World.

Physics911. ' is an independent initiative which inter alia presents the work of the Scientific Panel Investigating Nine Eleven.'
'Applying scientific principles, SPINE aims to cast light on the true nature of the dramatic events of September 11th 2001.'

17th March

Concealed Garments.

Pagan Prayers, 1913. 'Marah Ellis Ryan was a popular author, actress, and activist for Native American rights at the turn of the 19th century. She wrote about twenty books between 1889 and 1924, primarily sentimental novels. Her books are today very much out of style; none of them has been reprinted in over forty years. '
'By Pagan, Ryan means 'non-Christian'. Although the focus of this collection is Native American traditions, it also includes Ancient Near Eastern, Muslim, Hindu and other prayers. Ryan unknowingly anticipated the tendency of neo-Paganism to accumulate rituals and liturgy from a wide range of traditions. Many of the source books for Pagan Prayers are at this site, e.g. Rig Veda Americanus and Rites and Laws of the Yncas. '

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum.

Socialism and the Labour Movement. Index of British socialist history and historical figures.

Tibetan Buddhism.

Aelbert Cuyp. Art. 'Aelbert Cuyp came from a family of artists that had settled in Dordrecht, an old and prosperous town located at the junction of several major waterways, among them the Maas River. His grandfather Gerrit was a glazier and his father Jacob, a successful portrait painter who enjoyed the patronage of local aristocrats and members of the upper middle class. During the 1630s, the young Aelbert trained with his father, and in the early 1640s the two artists collaborated, with Jacob executing the portraits and Aelbert the landscapes ... '

Duke Cahill. Outsider art environment.

The World's Largest Catsup Bottle.

Ohio Diners.

The Sistine Chapel.

Sounds of the World's Animals. 'Animals make much the same sounds around the world, but each language expresses them differently. English and French cows sound the same, but not in English and French! Explore the sounds of the world's languages through the sounds of the world's animals. '

Listening to Antarctica. South Pole blog. Via MeFi.

Por Los Chicos. Each click donates to a poor child in Argentina.

16th March

Film Festivals. A worldwide guide.

The Treaty of Versailles. Analysing the treaty which ended World War I.

San Pedro de Atacama. All about the Atacama desert in Chile. An international collaboration.

Thomas Hobbes. 'Hobbes was born in the Wiltshire town of Malmesbury where his father, Thomas senior, was a curate. Hobbes said of himself that 'Fear and I were born twins. My mother hearing of the Spanish Armada sailing up the English channel gave premature birth to me'. The father had a reputation for being quarrelsome, and after an altercation and court case he fled the area in 1604. His son Thomas, after schooling in Malmesbury, entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford (later Hertford College) from which he matriculated in 1603 ... '

Weathering the Weather: The Origins of Atmospheric Science.

Karen Human Rights Group. 'The Karen Human Rights Group is a small and independent group documenting the human rights situation of ordinary people in rural Burma. The group was first formed in December 1992 to help villagers in rural Burma to get their story to the outside world by translating their stories and testimonies into reports for worldwide distribution, accompanied by supporting photos and documentary evidence of the human rights situation. We work directly with people in their villages, the internally displaced, and newly arrived refugees in neighbouring countries in order to present a firsthand view of what daily life is like under the State Peace & Development Council (SPDC) military junta. '

"Gypsies" in the United States. 'Several groups, all known to outsiders as "Gypsies," live today in the United States. In their native languages, each of the groups refers to itself by a specific name, but all translate their self-designations as "Gypsy" when speaking English. Each had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others.'

Polar Heritage.

Beaded Splendour: Migration of Beadmaking and Beadwork Throughout Africa. 'Beadwork is one of the most compelling art traditions in Africa. Artists must carefully consider the materials, colors, textures, shapes, and sizes of the beads to choose those that compliment or contrast with one another. A single-colored or multi-colored bead of fine workmanship may have as great a visual impact as many beads strung together or embroidered on a cloth.'

Japanese Swords.

Pierre Auguste Renoir (1841-1919). Impressionism.
"Why shouldn't art be pretty? There are enough unpleasant things in the world."

Paranormal Phenomena.