Castle Fine Arts.
'Specializing in fine 18th to 20th Century Japanese Woodblock Prints,
Castle Fine Arts has been providing fine art Japanese Prints to
collectors, corporations, museums, and the trade since 1977.'
Ryohei Tanaka. A modern day ukiyo-e artist. Online
West Farleigh, Kent. Village
'West Farleigh is situated 4 miles south west of the centre of Maidstone
on the south side of the River Medway Valley. William Cobbett pronounced
the Medway Valley west of Maidstone the finest in England and West
Farleigh bears testimony to that opinion. The village remains
traditionally agricultural, has an unspoilt Norman church, a Village Green
with excellent views and some fine houses including Smiths Hall which has
been the setting for several films ... '
Not by Bread Alone:
'American food culture has evolved through a rich interplay of foreign
adaptation and home-grown invention. The food gathering and cultivation
methods of native peoples; America's successive waves of colonial and
immigrant populations; and 20th-century revolutions in agriculture and
cooking technologies?all have shaped our culinary heritage.'
'Groceteria.com is a site about supermarket history and architecture,
roughly covering the period from the 1920s to the 1970s. It is NOT a site
about current supermarket issues and locations, except in historical
perspective, and it is not connected with nor owned by any supermarket
chain, past or present. Enjoy... '
History of Finland.
'Independent since 1917 and now a member of the European Union, Finland
was part of the Swedish realm for some 600 years up to 1809 and then
attached to the Russian empire for just over a century.'
DC Grocery. Photographic
history of Washington DC area grocery stories.
Mythweb. The heroes, gods and
of Greek mythology.
The Afrocentric Experience.
'The Afrocentric Experience is dedicated to the empowerment and the
enlightenment processes of all people through out the world especially
those of African descent in Africa and the African diaspora. '
'About a century ago, Armenian illuminated manuscripts attracted the
attention of scholars and lovers of art. Since that time intensive studies
of medieval Armenian art have been conducted. A unique historical panorama
of the art of illumination in Armenia, embracing more than thirteen
centuries has been given (the first surviving miniatures date from the VI
- VII centuries, while the latest ones were created in the XIX century).
The heritage of a number of miniature schools and their outstanding
representatives have been studied; the significance of medieval Armenian
painting in the history of world art has been revealed ... '
Myths and Legends in Miyazaki.
'Miyazaki Prefecture is located in the southern part of Japan, on Kyushu
Island, and is said to be the home of Japanese Mythology. There are many
places and shrines said to have a close connection with the origins of
Japan?s Myths. I would like to introduce some of them to you. '
The Kansas Collection.
Extensive Kansas history site.
'The voices of the past are heard again in KanColl, through nearly-lost
books, letters, diaries, photographs, and other materials. '
Mid Century Modern Architecture in the National Parks.
'Uniquely American buildings serving the traveling public...'
'Mission 66 was a federally-sponsored program to improve deteriorated and
dangerous conditions in the national parks, the result of a massive
visitor boom after World War II.'
'Mission 66 projects began in 1956 and ended in 1966. During those ten
years, more than $1 billion was spent on infrastructure and other
improvements in the parks. '
'Mission 66 planners and architects developed the concept of the "visitor
center" to streamline and standardize visitor services at federal parks
nationwide. Approximately 100 new visitor centers were built during the
ten-year program. '
'Mission 66 visitor centers have been recognized by the National Register
of Historic Places as significant historic structures and as important
representatives of a new building type. '
'The following paintings were completed by the artists at the Prajnopaya
Thangde Gatsal Thangka Painting School and Studio.'
History of Dorchester,
'Settled one month before its neighbor, Boston, in May of 1630, Dorchester
has a history nearly as old as that of America. For its first two hundred
years, Dorchester remained apart from Boston, existing primarily as a
farming community with small commercial and industrial outposts along the
Neponset River at Lower Mills and Mattapan Square, and along Dorchester
Bay at Commercial Point ... '
George Alfred Davis.
'Davis created artwork but then threw it all away. He's now back at it,
making art from the materials he can get his hands on.
I hope he keeps his hands of the art this time.'
Beyond the Fire: Teen Experiences of War.
has killed two million children in the last decade alone. Four million
children have become disabled and hundreds of thousands serve as child
soldiers. Nearly half of all refugees worldwide are under 18, and across
the globe, an estimated 25 million children have been uprooted from
their homes as a result of war. ' 'BEYOND THE FIRE introduces the
real-life stories of 15 teenagers, now living in the U.S., who have
survived war in seven war zones. These stories tell of loss, hope, fear,
strength and despair-and most of all, resilience. '
'The Russia Profile provides analysis and features on business,
affairs and culture for Russia watchers around the world. '
2001 Waka for Japan 2001.
'Welcome to the Japan 2001 Waka Website - a site devoted to the many
types of classical Japanese poetry. During the course of the Japan 2001
Festival we built up a collection of 2001 poems here, covering
approximately the first thousand years of poetry in Japan. The poems
appear in the original Japanese, transcribed into the Roman alphabet
(Romanised) and translated into English. They are accompanied by
commentary and background material to fill in the blanks on the world
the Old Japanese poets lived in, their beliefs and society.'
'Why have this web site? Because history is not just about events, it is
about human lives. Here we present history with a human face. Read the
stories of the survivors. Hear them speak. Look at their family
photographs. Consult our encyclopedia. Read a historical introduction to
the Holocaust. Leave your thoughts or ask your questions on our
discussion page. '
The Life of a City:
Early Films of New York, 1898-1906.
'This collection contains forty-five films of New York dating from 1898
to 1906 from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress. Of
these, twenty-five were made by the American Mutoscope and Biograph
Company, while the remaining twenty are Edison Company productions. '
Living a Tradition. The Shakers.
'As they traveled into Shaker country, writers Richard and Joyce
Wolkomir went in search of a lost America. At the sect's zenith, during
the 1800s, a score of Shaker communities, prosperous and neat, dotted
the farmlands from Maine down through New England and into New York,
westward to Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky, and south as far as White Oak,
Georgia, and Narcoosee, Florida. Now, many of those settlements are torn
down, taken over as sites for Shaker museums or put to other uses. Only,
it turns out, at Sabbathday Lake, in New Gloucester, Maine, do the
world's last eight Shakers keep the old ways ... '
Robot Space Explorers.
'Space robots come in all shapes and sizes, and have a wide variety of
functions. These include planetary flyby probes (e.g. Voyagers 1 and 2),
orbiters (e.g. Galileo, Cassini), atmospheric probes (e.g. Huygens Titan
probe), landers (e.g. Mars Pathfinder), rovers (e.g. Sojourner), robot
arms (e.g. the Space Shuttle Remote Manipulator System), and robots
currently under development for the International Space Station ... '
Science for Monks.
'Providing hands-on science and math education to advanced scholars
within the Tibetan monastic community in India.'
Tyger of Wrath: William
The great British poet and illustrator.
'Welcome to the comprehensive website of 176 works by William Blake
online, which accompanied the exhibition at the National Gallery of
Victoria shown in 1999. The exhibition was displayed in the Robert Raynor
Gallery, a space devoted to exhibitions of works on paper. These works
represent the complete Blake collection at the National Gallery of
Victoria ... ' Gallery.
The Spanish Civil
War 1936-39 Diary.
From the epilogue :-
'The Diary of the Spanish Civil War might also be a "misinterpretation",
the misinterpretation of a Spanish Republican who mourns his country, and
the many uncorrected wrongs. Wrongs that are politically affecting Spain
till today, one example is the continued existence of ETA. But unlike some
other historical accounts about the Spanish Civil War, the Diary makes
sense. It makes it easier to see why the Republic lost, why so many
volunteers fought till the absolute end to defend it, and why the
democratic European powers didn't help the Spanish Government. The Diary
and its conclusions make sense simply by respecting the time and
succession the events took, by letting them unfold by themselves. If there
are errors in the Diary I'm sorry, they are mistakes and not intention.'
Stories from the
Buddhist Monastery Lumbini. Sutras.
'Do not believe in anything (simply) because you have heard it. Do not
believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many
generations.Do not believe in anything because it is spoken and rumored by
many.Do not believe in anything (simply) because it is found written in
your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority
of your teachers and elders.But after observation and analysis, when you
find that anything agree with reason and is conducive to the good and
benefit of one and all then accept it and live up to it. '
The Last Days of a President:
Films of McKinley and the Pan-American Exposition, 1901.
'The twenty-eight films of this collection are actuality motion pictures
from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress. They include
footage of President William McKinley at his second inauguration; of the
Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York; of President McKinley at the
Pan-American Exposition; and of President McKinley's funeral. The films
were produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company from March to November
1901. The company, founded by inventor Thomas Alva Edison, operated from
1893 to 1917. '
The Lost Synagogues of
'They are beautiful. They are poignant. In their totality the former
synagogues of Detroit outline a once closely knit neighborhood from the
days when Detroit was a conglomerate of vibrant immigrant and ethnic
communities, of a time when families walked to places of worship which
stood in the midst of their neighborhoods ... '
The Animal Communication Project.
Cephalopods, insects, frogs, birds, primates, elephants etc.
'"Me Tarzan, you Jane."
If the male cuttlefish could speak, this might be his opening line.
Although cuttlefish don?t primarily use sound to communicate, the male
still has an opening line, and it might translate to the longer, but
conceptually simpler, ?Me Tarzan. You Tarzan? No? Must be Jane.?
Cuttlefish and squid communicate using a remarkable ability to control the
pigment in their skin. They flash messages in colorful spots, splotches
and background color. Cuttlefish add to this unique visual communication
certain swimming postures and gestures of their ten tentacles. Along with
octopuses, cuttlefish and squid belong to the class Cephalopoda, molluscs
related to snails and slugs and clams. Cephalopods, mental giants of the
mollusc world, manipulate objects with tentacles, swim with jet
propulsion, eat with beaks and see with eyes as complex as ours ... '
Chinese Matchbox Labels.
'OrientaLabels.com features an outstanding selection of Chinese matchbox
labels. From the unification by the first Chinese emperor to the chaos of
Cultural Revolution, from Chinese warrior to Japanese beauty, from folk
arts to Peking Opera, from the SARS fear to the 911 tragedy, you see them
all on the little matchbox labels. '
'The Indiana Historic Architecture Home Page spotlights historic
architecture and neighborhoods throughout all of Indiana. Here you will
find an extensive photo gallery--over 100 photos--of historic
architecture, with more being added all the time.'
The Fifties Web.
'The FiftiesWeb began as a site devoted to the 50s, Since then it has
expanded to include Classic TV from the Sixties, 70s and even some 80s TV
shows. Fifties fashion was expanded to include the Sixties, Movie quotes
cover all decades. Dead People pays tribute to those who have died,.There
is tons of information about Elvis Presley and included with history of
the Fifties, a feature was added about the Sixties Kennedy Assasination.
You should find something here starting with the Fifties... '
Art. Extensive gallery.
'Benozzo Gozzoli was born in 1420 in Florence, the son of tailor Lese di
Sandro. Like many other painters of the early Renaissance, Gozzoli was
initially trained as a goldsmith. At the age of 27 he began to work with
Fra Angelico (1395-1455) in Orvieto and Rome. During his apprenticeship
years, 1438-1444/45, in the workshop of Fra Angelico, Gozzoli took part in
the decoration of the cells in the Dominican monastery of San Marco. The
paintings in Cosimo de?Medici?s double cell (cell 38/39) are thought to
have been done almost solely by him, and these include a depiction of the
Adoration of the Magi. '
'Civilisation is based on the cultivation of plants,
but humans rely on plants for far more than simple
foodstuffs. This virtual book, written by Henry
Hobhouse, the author of Seeds of Change, and Museum
botanist Sandra Knapp, is an introduction to the
fascinating history of cultivation and some of its
impacts on today's society.'
Arts in Hungary.
'This site is dedicated to fine arts in Hungary from
the beginnings in the Romanesque period up to the mid
20th century.' 'You are welcome to visit this
collection.' A huge site.
Photographs of Ireland.
'From pictures of Dublin, to photographs covering the
remote fine-sand beaches of Donegal, Irelandscape will
prove to be a precious resource about Ireland on the
of the Russian People,
'This book, despite its title, is a treasure-trove of
Slavic mythology, tradition, folklore and ethnography.
There are plenty of songs, not only from Russia but
every part of the Slavic region from Serbia to
Siberia. The songs are used as a starting point for a
wide-ranging discussion of pre-industrial Slavic
peasant life, including weddings, funerals,
witchcraft, demonology, games, riddles, and seasonal
traditions. Also covered are the details of Russian
pagan religion and mythology, with comparisons to
related topics such as Vedic and Germanic mythology.'
Our Vegetable Travellers. A history of garden
'The original publication of Our Vegetable Travelers
appeared in the August, 1949 issue, Volume 96(2) of
National Geographic Magazine and is copyrighted by
National Geographic Magazine. Reprinted as a special
feature in the PLANTanswers section of Aggie
Horticulture by permission of the National Geographic
Society. February, 2000.'
'Kuchi-e are woodblock-printed frontispiece
illustrations produced for publication in Japanese
novels and literary magazines at the
turn-of-the-century. Many of the leading woodblock
artists of the Meiji Period worked in this genre. The
artists included Mizuno Toshikata, Ogata Gekko, Kajita
Hanko, and the young illustrator, Kaburagi Kiyokata
'We have created this evolving section at Kamat's
Potpourri to document many of the subtleties embedded
in Indian culture. These are delicate subjects
noticeable only to advent students of Indian culture,
and substantial background in Indian society and
culture is necessary to appreciate the intricacies of
these topics.' Articles on dowry, caste, the swastika
Positive. Online comic.
'Once upon a time, there were two friends - a girl
named Aubrey, and a jerk named Davan. They'd grown up
together in a mystical place known as the Dallas/Ft.
Worth area. Okay, well, maybe not mystical. Actually,
it sort of blew... and Davan didn't even live in Ft.
Worth or Dallas, but in a little pitstop between
called Bedford. ' 'Anyway, they were chugging away
and being themselves when one day, Davan had a
realization - he didn't know what the hell he was
doing with his life. Aubrey had a sneaking suspicion
she was in the same boat, but kept it to herself.
' 'They had some mutual friends, including a
Canadian named Pee-Jee, who'd moved to Boston a while
back, and decided maybe that was a good idea. So they
packed up and moved up north to see if maybe a change
of scenary would help them make sense of life.
' 'Thus far, it hasn't - but they're too lazy too
'Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carl von LinnÚ or
Carolus Linnaeus, is often called the Father of
Taxonomy. His system for naming, ranking, and
classifying organisms is still in wide use today (with
many changes). His ideas on classification have
influenced generations of biologists during and after
his own lifetime, even those opposed to the
philosophical and theological roots of his work. '
Leaves of Gold. Books of Hours.
'During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, every member of the middle
and upper classes would have wanted to own an illuminated Book of Hours.
These treasured books were given as gifts on special occasions, such as
weddings, and they often appeared in medieval wills, testifying to their
value and importance. A Book of Hours was often the first and only book
an individual owned in his or her lifetime. In the most luxurious books,
made for the wealthiest patrons, each section was prefaced by a
miniature and the texts were surrounded by borders. More inexpensive
versions contained fewer miniatures and borders. '
Africa's Legacy in Mexico.
'The following essays mark the journey of Tony Gleaton's work in
exploring and documenting black Africa's legacy in Mexico. The essays
include photographs from Gleaton's personal collection.'
Shin Dharma Net. Pure Land
"In the person of Nembutsu opens up the great path of unobstructed
freedom." -- Tannisho, A Shin Buddhist Classic, trans. by Taitetsu Unno.
This. Monthly, difficult puzzles.
'You are cordially invited to match wits with some of the best minds in
'The Concuspidor & the Grand Wizard of Many Things was a story released
in weekly instalments on the net from July to December 1995. It's now
presented in its entirity as an on-line fable, both as a cautionary tale
to those who want to have the Answers to Everything, and as an example
of on-line story-telling. Enjoy without obligation. '
Words and Deeds in American History.
'In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has
selected for online display approximately ninety representative
documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth
century. Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers,
members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officers and
diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists and writers,
scientists and inventors, and other prominent Americans whose lives
reflect our country's evolution. '
The Cloud Appreciation Society.
'At The Cloud Appreciation Society we love clouds, we're not ashamed to
say it and we've had enough of people moaning about them. Read our
manifesto and see how we are fighting the banality of 'blue-sky
thinking'. If you agree with what we stand for, then join the society
for free and receive your very own official membership certificate and
Cutting to the Chase. Politics, film, pop culture, literature.
'Chase McInerney is a 37-year-old freelance journalist and writer living with his loving wife
in the hardscrabble environs of Oklahoma. A former newspaper reporter, pastry chef and cult
"de-programmer," Chase now spends much of his time in the basement of his home, where he
restlessly searches for buried treasure, watches paint peel and waits for a sign -- any sign. '
Churchill Speeches. Winston
'Welcome to the first edition of the
Churchill Speech Interactive - an online
educational resource that allows you to
explore Churchill's renowned 'Iron Curtain' speech,
delivered on 5th March 1946 in Fulton, Missouri. '
Treasures of Mount Athos.
'The heart of the exhibition is the selection on the "Treasures of the
Monasteries", not merely because of the Mount Athos has the largest and
finest collection of Byzantine and post-Byzantine art anywhere in Greece,
but more importantly because in an atmosphere of profound reverence the
history, the intellectual and spiritual life, the art, and of course the
objects themselves, expressive of the liturgical life of the monks, give
shape and vitality to the profound meaning of the Holy Mountain. '
'The central focus is on the spirituality inherent in every manifestation of
the life of the Athonite community. Monumental painting, portable icons,
manuscripts illuminated and plain, ivories and silvercraft, embroidery,
wood-carving, ceramics, ecclesiastical vessels, furniture and furnishings
and craftsmen's tolls: these are but a few of the material testaments to
this cultural heritage. Immanent in each and every one of these are
Byzantine and post-Byzantine art, history, impact and influence - dogmatic
and aesthetic - on the Orthodox peoples, contribution to the education of
the Greek nation, participation in spiritual movements. '
Architecture of Venice.
'For more than 1,000 years the Cornaro family commissioned the artists and
architects of Venice to create palaces, chapels and church art, villas,
paintings and theaters. Its male lines are extinct now in the Veneto, but
the family found immortality in the art with which it endowed
'The art they commissioned and acquired opens a window to the long history
and rich artistic fabric of La Serenissima, the Most Serene Republic. '
Trial of Galileo 1633.
"My dear Kepler, what would you say of the learned here, who, replete with
the pertinacity of the asp, have steadfastly refused to cast a glance
through the telescope? What shall we make of this? Shall we laugh, or
shall we cry?"
--Letter from Galileo Galilei to Johannes Kepler.
Yuan Ming Yuan: Garden of
'History's most magnificent garden, the great Yuan Ming Yuan (Garden of
Perfect Brightness), was tragically burned in 1860. Built by six generations
of Qing emperors, the garden spanned a three-hundred-fifty hectare area with
a fairyland of hills, ponds, lakes, ancient trees and palaces filled with
one and half centuries of imperial treasure collecting. ' 'Through the
immense magic of high quality computer graphics and multimedia technology,
the world can once again journey to the garden - to learn, to meditate, to
explore, to enjoy. The garden provides vast layers of experience and
information for both the serious scholar and the curious tourist in a rich
environment of animation, music, stories, characters, and games. At once a
museum, a library, a playground, a park, a nature theatre and an art
gallery, Yuan Ming Yuan will provide endless hours of fascination for people
of all ages and cultures. '
Learn About Hmong. Hmong life
in South East Asia and North America.
'Welcome to Learn about Hmong, a unique multicultural education site devoted
to teaching about the Hmong experience for the purposes of promoting
cross-cultural awareness and understanding. Learn about Hmong is also
intended to provide greater exposure to the Hmong folk arts tradition. ' Hmong musical instruments.
The Gamble House.
'The Gamble House in Pasadena, California, is an outstanding example of
American Arts and Crafts style architecture. The house and furnishings were
designed by Charles and Henry Greene in 1908 for David and Mary Gamble of
the Procter and Gamble Company. The house, a National Historic Landmark, is
owned by the City of Pasadena and operated by the University of Southern
California and is open for public tours.'
Sun: A Pictorial Introduction.
'Nearly 1,392,000 km in diameter and 1.989 x 1030 kg in mass, the Sun is the
geometric and gravitational center of the planetary system. The Earth, third
planet 149,600,000 kilometers away from center, remains to date the only
planet in the solar system known to host life forms. The energy radiated by
the Sun ultimately is the source of all life on Earth, a fact intuitively
grasped by the majority of early civilizations, most of which accordingly
granting the Sun a place of prominence in their respective religious
practices. The 3.845 x 1026 Watt of energy radiated by the Sun originate in
its deep interior, where thermonuclear fusion reactions combine hydrogen
nuclei into helium nuclei. The energy released by these nuclear reactions is
carried outward in about 107 yr, first by radiation from the center to about
70 percent of the Sun's radius, then to the surface primarily via
large-scale convective motions. This latter region, comprising the outer 30
percent in radius of the Sun, is known as the convection zone. Temperatures
in the center of the Sun approach 15 million degrees Kelvin, falling to a
mere ~ 5800 degrees (!) at its surface. Because of these high temperatures,
solar material is in a state called plasma, which refers to a gas of ionized
atoms. In the case of the Sun, however, densities become high enough
(particularly in the deeper solar interior) that the solar plasma behaves
more like a fluid than a conventional gas. When speaking of the solar
surface, one is then not referring to a solid surface such as provided by
the Earth's crust, but rather to the photosphere, a fictitious spherical
surface from which the bulk of solar radiation originates. The solar
atmosphere refers to the region extending upward from and including the
photosphere ... '
'Panlatrevo is an internet resource for texts and scriptures of Taoism
and Tao-related traditions. The site is easy to navigate through, using
either the links at the top of the page, the navigation column at the
top-left or the light-red links in the main body. There are also some
introductory articles in the Tao Essays and Articles section.'
The John Foxe Collection.
About John Foxe.
'In 1558, Protestant Elizabeth Tudor acceded to the throne of England
and ended the five-year return to the Church of Rome begun with her
Catholic half-sister Mary's accession in 1553.* Five years later, in
1563, John Foxe published the first edition of Acts and Monuments of
these Latter and Perillous Dayes, touching Matters of the Church, which
almost immediately came to be more familiarly known as The Book of
'Foxe was born in 1517, and by the 1540s had turned to the Reformed
religion. During the reign of Edward VI, Foxe acted as tutor to the
nephews and niece of the Duke of Norfolk, but he fled to the Continent
in 1554 following Mary's accession. Foxe published Commentarii Rervin in
Ecclesia Gestarum, a church history covering martyrdoms from about 1375
to 1500, in Strasbourg in 1554, and during the rest of his time abroad
collected detailed accounts of the trials and executions taking place in
England under Mary. In 1559, a year after Elizabeth's accession, Foxe
published at Basle Rerum in Ecclesia Gestarum Commentarii, containing
accounts of these martyrdoms, and in the same year he returned to
England where, supported by his former pupil, the young Duke of Norfolk,
he devoted himself to completing the English version of his accounts ...
Exploration of the Colorado River, by
John Wesley Powell, 1878.
'John Wesley Powell, director of the U.S. Geological Survey, leading a
team accompanied by artists and photographers, produced an extensive
scientific report of his travels that underscored the spectular features
and economic possibilities of the American West. Powell was the first
government scientist to fully understand the climatic challenges of the
region. Apparently, Powell was reluctant to write this book. It was only
after the House of Representatives refused to consider his request for
funding of future explorations that Powell agreed to publish the story
of his first expedition. The book became one of the best and most
popular adventure narratives in American literature. Powell's potent
prose and the book's illustrations brought the drama of the remote and
demanding Western landscape to an awed and eager Eastern audience. '
Click Mazes. Online maze puzzles.
'Welcome to the clickmazes! Lots of unique interactive puzzles and mazes
found here, and a few other things besides. Click on the links below to
find out more. Enjoy... and let me know how well you survive.'
'Contrary to popular belief, Schr÷dinger did not intend this thought
experiment to indicate that he believed that the dead-alive cat would
actually exist; rather he considered the quantum mechanical theory to be
incomplete and not representative of reality in this case. Since a cat
clearly must either be alive or dead (there is no state between alive
and dead, e.g. half-dead) surely the same must be true of the nucleus.
It must be either decayed or not decayed.'