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31st October

The Renaissance in Print: 16th Century French Books.

American Photographs: The First Century.
'American Photographs: The First Century presents a wide-ranging selection of photographs from this collection, including Civil War images by George Barnard and the Mathew Brady Studio, spectacular western landscapes by Timothy O'Sullivan and William Henry Jackson, as well as Pictorialist scenes by Clarence White and Gertrude Kasebier. A deliberate effort has been made to mix familiar and lesser-known photographers, styles of work, and a variety of processes in order to explore ideas about the influence of photographic culture in America during the years from 1839 to 1939. '

Bijin-ga: Prints of Beautiful Women. Japanese prints.
'The early twentieth century was a period of great modernization and radical social change within Japan. In particular, gender roles were being redefined. While previously women had been limited to domestic and family roles, they were starting to take jobs outside the home and socialize freely with their peers. Young women were beginning to define their identities as individuals, separate from their families. The active modern girl or moga was replacing the submissive geisha as the prototypical Japanese woman...'
Moga, or modern girls.

Tokens and Treasures: Gifts to Twelve Presidents.
'As the highest representative of the people and government, the President accepts gifts on behalf of the United States of America. The phenomenon, as old as the Presidency itself, grows with each administration: Today a President may receive 15,000 gifts a year. They come from every state in the nation and every country in the world. Gifts from foreign leaders continue a rich diplomatic tradition of exchange between heads of state; those from citizens, both Americans and others, symbolize an inherently democratic exercise - ordinary people freely addressing, in every manner and form, the President of the United States. '

An Introduction to Parliament.
'The Introduction to Parliament pages offer a brief guide to the history, role and procedure of the UK Parliament. They also provide links to some other resources that are available on the Parliamentary Website.'

Psychic Phenomena of Jamaica, 1934. 'The authorship of this book (by a Jesuit ethnologist) makes some of the editorial content suspect. However, the author spent time in the field in Jamaica. His library research was extensive and used rare and unique sources such as contemporary newspapers, legal archives and early accounts. Williams keeps his skepticism active while remaining open-minded. On the downside there are some passages which could be interpreted as racist (in hindsight), so the usual disclaimers apply. '
Voodoos and Obeahs. 'This companion book to Psychic Phenomena of Jamaica goes into much greater depth as to the New World-African connection, and adds more material about Afro-Carribean religion in Haiti. The primary strength of this work is the careful documentation of the history and ethnography of Vodun. Williams includes numerous quotes from rare documents and books on the subject. The weakness is the lack of detailed information about the religious system of Vodun, which we now know to be as complicated (or more so) than any of the major religions. There is scarcely any mention of the loas, the pantheon of Vodun Gods and Goddesses, and he misses the importance of possession during the religious ceremonies. However, all things considered, this is required reading if you want to understand the background of Haitian and Jamaican Vodun, and the profound influence of imperialism, slavery and racism on its development'

The Word on the Street - Broadsides at the National Library of Scotland.
'In the centuries before there were newspapers and 24-hour news channels, the general public had to rely on street literature to find out what was going on. The most popular form of this for nearly 300 years was 'broadsides' - the tabloids of their day. Sometimes pinned up on walls in houses and ale-houses, these single sheets carried public notices, news, speeches and songs that could be read (or sung) aloud.'
'The National Library of Scotland's online collection of nearly 1,800 broadsides lets you see for yourself what 'the word on the street' was in Scotland between 1650 and 1910. Crime, politics, romance, emigration, humour, tragedy, royalty and superstitions - all these and more are here.'

Dresden: Treasures from the Saxon State Library.
'Founded in the thirteenth century, Dresden was the seat of the Saxon monarchs beginning in the fifteenth century and is currently the capital of the Free State of Saxony. Situated on the Elbe River in eastern Germany, Dresden played a pivotal role in the Renaissance and Reformation in Europe and has been called the "Florence of the North." '
'One of Dresden's outstanding cultural institutions is the Sächsische Landesbibliothek (Saxon State Library), founded in 1556 when Prince Elector Augustus (ruled 1553-1586) started systematically to acquire learned books and literary works. This year the Saxon State Library is celebrating its 440th anniversary. Its treasures, collected over four centuries, were behind the Iron Curtain between 1945 and 1990 and were largely unknown to Americans. '
'During the first half of the eighteenth century, under the rulers Augustus the Strong (ruled 1694-1733) and his son, Augustus II (ruled 1733-1763), Saxony reached the pinnacle of its cultural influence, manifested in the city's spectacular Baroque architecture. The city became a major European cultural center, whose monarchs fostered the arts, and made significant additions to its art, museum, and library collections. During this period the Court Library became a true state library for Saxony, adding many manuscripts, maps, and books from distinguished private collections. In 1727, the Library moved into two wings of the Zwinger Palace. By the end of the eighteenth century it had outgrown this location, and it then moved to the Japanese Palace. The Royal Library became a center of library science in the nineteenth century, and following the proclamation of the Weimar Republic in 1919, it officially became the Saxon State Library. '

Designs for Democracy.
'Over the course of its history, the U. S. Government has prepared, commissioned, received, or approved designs for millions of objects. From bridges to ships, from forts to flags, from monuments to costumes, the Federal Government has had a hand in the artistic and utilitarian outcome of myriad projects. These designs were created in fulfillment of a wide range of Federal policies and programs. Each represents the Government`s need for a rendering of an object. Most were the inspiration of professional artists, engineers, inventors, draftsmen, and graphic artists. A few were submitted by citizens—amateur designers who wanted to share their imaginative ideas with their Government.'
' "Designs for Democracy" is an exhibition of nearly 125 design drawings selected from the vast holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration and its Presidential Libraries. The designs, all permanently valuable Federal records, were selected to illustrate 200 years of Government drawings. They are also works of art. Displayed here are elegant watercolor paintings, exquisite ink and wash drawings, bold charcoal and pencil sketches, and finely executed engineering details. Some bear a well-known designer`s or artist`s signature or the imprimatur of approving Government officials, but many are unsigned and their creators unknown. This exhibit is organized chronologically to demonstrate changing styles and technological advances, as well as to illustrate the evolving role of the Federal Government in American life.'

The Perfect Medium: Photography and the Occult. Via Internet Weekly.
'A unique characteristic of photography has always been its ability to record the visible, material world with truth and accuracy. Interestingly, advocates of spiritism at the turn of the last century enlisted photography to provide manifest proof of the immaterial: emanations and auras; thoughts, hallucinations, and dreams; or the spirits of the deceased. Closer to the scientific revelations of the X-ray (discovered in 1896) than to the double-exposure parlor tricks of 1850s ghost photographs, the more than 120 stunning and surprising works in this exhibition reflect an attempt to reconcile the physical and spiritual worlds.'

American Pulp Magazines. Via Internet Weekly.

A Night in Tunisia. Via Internet Weekly.
'Being that today is the birthdate of Dizzy Gillespie and myself, I have decided to post my favorite jazz composition of all-time: Night In Tunisia. Perhaps it is too soon to have another Dizzy post but you really can't go wrong with Dizzy. '

Japanese Girl Info. Via Bibi.
'This site hosts early 1900's postcards about japanese ladies and geishas. Take a stroll through our pages and enjoy the beauty of traditional Japan! '

History of Produce Crate Labels. Via Bibi.
'Growers first started using fruit and vegetable crate labels in the late 19th century. Labels were glued on the ends of wooden crates to identify the contents, place or origin, and the packer's name. Packers made an effort to display their produce with colorful and attractive labels in order to generate more business at the local market. These colorful labels were pasted onto wooden crates and shipped all over the nation for nearly 70 years. In the late 1950's labels were no longer used because pre-printed boxes replaced the older wooden crates. The leftover labels were gathered up by collectors, dealers, and old orchard owners. These unused labels make up the trading stock that exists today. And, they are getting scarce!'

Military Posters of the 20th Century. Via Bibi.

CRIS. Thanks, Bernard.
'We are a research and training programme of the United Nations University that is driven by the following questions:
'Question 1: What is happening in the world - Past, present and future - with regard to regional integration processes?
'Question 2: What governance structures are emerging through regional integration?
'Question 3: How can regional integration contribute to peace and human security in the framework of the UN?
'Question 4: How can regional integration contribute to the development of LDCs?
'Question 5: How do people and societies deal with regional integration?'

World View of Global Warming.

Encounters of Bengal. 'Indian statesman Gopalakrishna Gokhale once said -- "..what Bengal thinks today, India thinks tomorrow!" This is true in more ways than one; the Bengalis have led India in many fronts. It was division of Bengal in 1905 that started India's freedom struggle and another in 1947 terminated it. Philosophers such as Arabindo, and Swami Vivekananda have influenced Indian thought and ways of life. Bengali geniuses have enriched Indian literature, science and arts. Bengal is the the epitome of India's values and heritage as it is of India's problems and aspirations. Social revolutions like Naxal and Communism first took roots in India here, so did their problems they caused. A land of extreme poverty and pollution, what makes Bengal still thrive? What makes India thrive ?'
Interview with a boy ascetic.

Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935). Art.
'Kazimir Malevich, also Kasimir (1878-1935) was a Russian avant-garde painter, the founder and leading artist of the Suprematist movement, and one of Russia's best-known modern painters...'

Kooky Chow. A fine and distinguished gallery of rations for the curiously famished.
'All the food products featured are real. Most were purchased in the strange food section of the supermarket, ethnic groceries, or at the dollar store. We here at know that many of you probably eat some of the food items featured here. The intent is not to dissuade you from eating them, or to make fun of those of you who do. Hey, we've been known to serve stew over cheese puffs in the KookyChow cafeteria. There's nothing wrong with eating food that other people find absurd. In fact, there's a big difference between absurd food, and bad food. Absurd food is a good thing. Bad food is, well..., not good.'

Retratos: 2000 Years of Latin American Portraits.
'Latin America has a long and rich tradition of portraiture. In its countries, as elsewhere, portraits have preserved the likeness of individuals both living and dead, bolstered the social standing of the aristocracy, marked the deeds of the mighty, recorded rites of passage, and established and preserved the historical record. Portraits have also connected the individual to the family and the family to the community, bound together disparate populations, and helped establish national identity. Portraiture provides valuable insights into the lives and minds of the artist and the sitter, as well as their time and place.'

Building the Alaska Highway.
'In May of 1942, across the rugged sub-Arctic wilderness of Alaska, British Columbia, and Yukon Territory, thousands of American soldiers began one of the biggest and most difficult construction projects ever undertaken -- the building of the Alaska Highway. '
'The United States had toyed for 80 years with the idea of building a road link from the lower 48 states to Alaska; but it was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that spurred Washington into action. Worried that the Japanese might invade Alaska, President Franklin Roosevelt directed that a supply line be built to U.S military bases in the region. '
'Interweaving interviews with the men who were there, archival footage and beautiful cinematography of the sub-Arctic route the road took, American Experience: Building the Alaska Highway tells how for eight months, young soldiers, some of whom had never left the southern United States before, battled mud, muskeg, and mosquitoes; endured ice, snow, and bitter cold; bridged raging rivers, graded lofty peaks, and cut pathways through primeval forests to push a 1,520-mile road across one of the world's harshest landscapes. '

Chinese Art at the Smithsonian.

29th October

Butterflies of North America.

In Cold Blood: A Legacy. 'For almost 40 years, the first words of Truman Capote's "In Cold Blood" have been most people's introduction to a town that seems wholly unremarkable on the surface. It seems an ordinary town for western Kansas-except for what's down a little dirt lane on the southwest edge of town. A day shy of 45 years ago, two released convicts made their way here and changed the town irrevocably...'

Longsight Memories. History of a Manchester neighbourhood.

Sumo. '... As with many forms of wrestling around the world, the roots of Sumo are lost in prehistory. Sumo is mentioned in some of the earliest texts in Japan, under its earlier name Sumai, from the 8th century A.D. However, these early forms would not be Sumo as it is known today, as in many cases the wrestling had relatively few rules and unarmed fights to the death were still referred to as 'Sumo'...'

The Ottoman Empire 'was an imperial power, centered around the borders of the Mediterranean Sea, that existed from 1299 to 1922. At the height of its power in the 16th century, it included Anatolia, the Middle East, parts of North Africa, much of south-eastern Europe to the Caucasus in the north...'

Anti-War. An overview and history of modern anti-war movements, with links.
'The history of the anti-war stance in literature and society dates back in modern terms to the American Civil War, which culminated in the candidacy of George McClellan for President of the United States as a "Peace Democrat" against incumbent President Abraham Lincoln. The outlines of the anti-war stance are seen: the argument that the costs of maintaining the present conflict are not worth the gains which can be made, the appeal to end the horrors of war, and the argument that war is being profitted from by particular interests. After the war the Red Badge of Courage presented the chaos and sense of death which hovers over the style of combat which was growing in importance: away from the set engagement, and towards two armies engaging in continuous combat over a wide area. With the increasing mechanization of war, the stance in opposition to the horrors of war grew, particularly in the wake of the First World War...'
Global protests against war on Iraq, 2003

UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. List and articles on each one.

World War II Concentration Camps. Photographs and interactive maps of Birkenau and Mauthausen.

Baseball Almanac. The official baseball history site.

Chinese-American Teens Look at Ancestor Worship Today.
'Chinese traditions of ancestor worship continue today. The Sackler's Education Department asked a team of Chinese-American teenagers to look within their own communities for contemporary examples of ancestor worship. Highlights of their research are presented here. '

History of Blackface. 'Blackface is a style of theatrical makeup from the United States used to affect the countenance of an iconic, racist, American archetype, that of the "darky" or "coon". Blackface also refers to a genre of musical and comedic theatrical presentation in which blackface makeup is worn. White blackface performers in the past used burnt cork and, later, greasepaint to affect jet-black skin and exaggerated lips, often wearing woolly wigs, gloves, tails, or ragged clothes to complete the transformation. Later, black artists also performed in blackface...'

The Federalist Papers. 'Written between the fall of 1787 and the spring of 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym 'Publius', the Federalist Papers were published in various New York newspapers to secure ratification of the newly drafted Constitution. They remain an invaluable resource in understanding the Constitution and the foundation of our democracy...' (From the site of the Speaker of the House of Representatives).

Konkani Heritage. All about the Konkani culture of India.
History of the Konkani language. 'Due to the tumultuous events, the Konkani community (called the Konkanis henceforth) has fragmented and spread throughout the west coast of India. Their language, Konkani had to suffer the same indignation. The Marathi community called it a dialect of Marathi and did not recognize it. The Konkani language did not receive the respect or status it deserved and it resulted in lack of literature or patronage of the language...'

'Hey Jude'. ' "Hey Jude" is a song attributed to Paul McCartney and John Lennon (but largely the work of McCartney). It was originally recorded by The Beatles for the self-titled The Beatles album, but released instead as a single. The song, despite its unusual length of 7 minutes, 11 seconds on the original 45 rpm version, became the Beatles' best-selling single...'
History of The Beatles.

Animals on the London Underground. Interesting shapes on the map.

Farnborough Abbey. "You have built this church in stone, not in order to pass on to distant generations the memory of the glories of France, but because you understand that there is something greater than man's glory, more lasting than stone..."

Names of the Greeks. 'Today the Greeks call themselves Hellenes, though they have been known by a number of different names throughout history... '

Reports on Psychochemical Weapons. 'On this page, we're posting military reports on chemical weapons designed to interfere with the central nervous system of targets, causing hallucinations, detachment, psychosis, and/or loss of motor control...'

FBI Research Reports on the Nation of Islam. 'In "Selected Titles of FBI Research Reports, 1953-60," we listed several-dozen research reports that the FBI had written for internal use in the mid-1900s. The Memory Hole requested some of them under the Freedom of Information Act. Upon review, the FBI has released the two reports on the Nation of Islam. We've scanned and posted them above. They're based on often obscure public-source documents, internal NOI literature, and confidential material, such as informants and FBI investigative files.'

All Available NY Fire Dept Dispatch Tapes From 9/11. 'Released After a Three-and-a-Half-Year Court Fight'

28th October

Imperial London.
' "Imperial London" by Arthur H. Beavan was first published in 1901. It narrates the history of London from earliest times, from the Celtic and Roman periods, through the Plantagenet and Tudor ages, up to the Victorian era. Great seminal events such as the Fire of London are included. This adds up to a fascinating and unique view of a great city from a 1900 perspective... '

Charlie Chaplin: A World Wide Web Celebration. "His odd little tricks of manner and his refusal to do the most simple things in an ordinary way are essential features of his method, which thus far has defied successful imitation."

Beyond the Fall: The Former Soviet Bloc in Transition 1989-1999.
'For 10 years following the collapse of the Berlin Wall, TIME contract photographer Anthony Suau has traveled the lands of the former Soviet bloc. In the hundreds of powerful images and audio commentaries that follow, Suau documents in stark detail the people of that region as they shed their former skin and head into an unknown future. '

Slavery Pictures.
'Thomas Nast was a staunch Abraham Lincoln supporter, defender of the Union Cause in the Civil War, and strong opponent to Slavery. Nast used his art to show the Nation a picture of how things could be. He created the artwork below on the topic of Slavery, in the days that Slavery was still a thriving institution in our land. Thomas Nast's dramatic illustrations helped our Nation understand the moral outrage of slavery. The images capture the important events related to Slavery in the 1860's. The collection below contains all Slavery Artwork created by Thomas Nast during the Civil War years. '

Chinese Moon Poetry.

Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions.
'Imagine a vast sheet of paper on which straight Lines, Triangles, Squares, Pentagons, Hexagons, and other figures, instead of remaining fixed in their places, move freely about, on or in the surface, but without the power of rising above or sinking below it, very much like shadows -- only hard with luminous edges -- and you will then have a pretty correct notion of my country and countrymen. Alas, a few years ago, I should have said "my universe": but now my mind has been opened to higher views of things...'

Then and Now.
'In 1979, The Auschwitz Museum Archive reproduced selected pieces of art and sent them to writer/photographer Alan Jacobs. After years of related work and many more trips, Jacobs, and his son Jesse, returned to the camps in 1996 to find and photograph the identical scenes depicted in the art. Krysia Jacobs then devised a way to present them as you see here. They are the result of work over a 24 year period. '
'This exhibit contrasts contemporary photographs of these two camps, with images of what they were like 1940-45 as remembered by artist- survivors. Much of the art was created soon after their liberation. Their art is the only visual record of day-to-day existence in Auschwitz/Birkenau.'

Port Cities UK. Histories of the British port cities of London, Southampton, Liverpool, Bristol and Hartlepool.

Wellesnet: The Orson Welles Web Resource. Huge, comprehensive. 'Citizen Kane', the 'War of the Worlds' radio broadcast, much more.

Cave as Canvas: Hidden Images of Worship Along the Ancient Silk Routes.
'Buddhism reached Chinese Central Asia (modern Xinjiang) from India around the first century A.D., brought by missionaries via the ancient Silk Routes. By the third century A.D., this new religion was flourishing in all the oasis kingdoms in the Tarim Basin (the Taklamakan Desert), also known as eastern Turkestan. As the Buddhist religion took hold and piety increased, the Indian tradition of excavating caves to serve as Buddhist sanctuaries proliferated in this region. In many of the Central Asian states, monasteries and temples were hewn out of the cliffs in secluded river valleys. With the patronage of local rulers, the elite, and wealthy merchants, these institutions gradually became major Buddhist centers. They continued to grow and prosper until the advent of Islam. Today, such Buddhist rock-cut cave complexes are some of the finest, if little known, monuments preserved in Chinese Central Asia.'

Puja: Expressions of Hindu Devotion.
'Hindu worship known as puja is the act of showing reverence to a god or to aspects of the divine. This online guide for educators offers background information, activities, a bibliography and a resource list about puja. '
'This site complements the award-winning exhibition Puja: Expressions of Hindu Devotion that was on exhibition at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the national museum of Asian art at the Smithsonian. '

The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden. 'Now that the Revolutionary War was over, and independence from Britain had been won, what would the United States do with their freedom? The Declaration of Independence acted as a guide to the values that the new American government should embrace, yet the form that the government would take was still unclear...'

America on the Move. 'See how we got here. Transportation transformed America. Choose from these three interconnected routes to explore how transportation shaped our lives, landscapes, culture, and communities. '

Geography of Race in the US. 'This website explores the spatial distribution of racial groups in the United States, its historical and contemporary causes, and its consequences for racial inequality. Location matters for one's access to many goods: decent housing, employment opportunities, voting power, education, low-cost public services, a clean environment, connections to influential people. Managing the spatial distribution of racial groups has therefore been a key tool for controlling who gets access to these goods. This website focuses on the role of government and laws in constructing the spacial distribution of racial groups, although some attention is also paid to private sector actions. The interactive maps and other information contained in this site reveal several dimensions of this process.'

Smithsonian Spotlight on Science. A weekly electronic newsletter featuring science at the Smithsonian.

Progressive Democrats of America.

Free Speech Network. America's progressive TV channel.

Renaissance Astrological Magic.

27th October

The Abacus.

Polish Declarations.
'Polish Declarations of Admiration and Friendship for the United States is a presentation of the first 13 manuscript volumes of a larger collection of 111 volumes compiled in Poland in 1926 and delivered to President Calvin Coolidge at the White House to honor the 150th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. Richly illustrated with original works by prominent Polish graphic artists, the collection includes the greetings and signatures of national, provincial, and local government officials, representatives of religious, social, business, academic, and military institutions, and approximately 5 1/2 million school children. This searchable online presentation is a complete facsimile of the six oversized presentation volumes and the seven volumes of secondary school signatures. '

Inuit Sculpture.
'Inuit carvings produced in Canada's Northwest Territories, Northern Quebec and Labrador, are carved from local stone, weathered and fossilized whalebone, ivory and antler. The most widely known medium is soapstone or steatite, which varies in colour and markings from a soft medium grey to black to various shades of green. Carvers initially rough out the block of carving stone with axes, hammers and chisels, or small power tools. Then they use files, rasps and sandpaper for finishing.'
'The subject matter reflects the artist's deep connection to the hauntingly beautiful Arctic land and its landscape, flora and fauna. Over time, regional styles have developed depending on the local stone and on prominent carvers who have left a lasting influence on their community.'

PC History.
'This site, which documents the history of pre-IBM PCs, is a tribute to the work of Stan Veit, a pioneer of personal computing. '

The Trade Card Place. 'For all who are interested in Victorian Trade Cards used to advertise American goods and services during the late 1800s.'

Japanese Erotica. Don't click on this at work.
'Unusual sexual fantasies are certainly common in the world of Japanese manga and anime. And popular adult anime (sometimes referred to as hentai) such as "La Blue Girl," "Imma Youjo: Erotic Temptress" and "Twin Angels" can be found on the Web as well as in video stores in major American cities. '

Carmina Gadelica.
'This is volume I of Alexander Carmichael's collection of folk poetry from the Western Isles of Scotland. Carmichael spent years collecting folklore from the vanishing cultures of Scotland. The poems in this volume include prayers, invocations, blessings and charms. They are a synthesis of Christian and pre-Christian belief systems. Besides invoking Jesus, Mary, and the saints, a number of these call on other powers. One of these is 'Bride,' who is explained as Jesus' midwife, but who is probably Brigid, an ancient Celtic goddess. Also mentioned throughout are a triune deity which is equated to the Christian Trinity, but which may also be an echo of a set of three pagan deities. The text includes notes on seasonal observances and folk customs which are probably likewise survivals of pre-Christian customs. All of these are woven into the cycles of the year, and activities such as weaving, fishing and herding. A vivid picture of life in pre-modern rural Scotland emerges. '

Today in Literature.

The Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library. 'The Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library is an international community using Web-based technologies to integrate diverse knowledge about Tibet and the Himalayas for free access from around the world.'

St. Kilda. 'The archipelago of St Kilda, the remotest part of the British Isles, lies 41 miles (66 kilometres) west of Benbecula in Scotland's Outer Hebrides. Its islands with their exceptional cliffs and sea stacs, form the most important seabird breeding station in north-west Europe. The evacuation of its native population in 1930 brought to a close an extraordinary story of survival.'

California Coastal Records Project. An aerial photographic survey of the California coastline.

The Farm. Rural Tennessee's hippie utopia, still alive and kicking.

Cast for Eternity: Bronze Masterworks from India and the Himalayas.

Dutch Landscapes and Seascapes of the 1600s.

The Urban Dictionary.

The World of Benjamin Franklin. "If you would not be forgotten, as soon as you are dead and rotten, either write things worth reading, or do things worth the writing."

History of Alaska.

The Wandering Host, 1904.
'This is an allegorical tale about the search for spiritual meaning. Jordan was the first President of Stanford University. This etext was scanned from an copy published in 1904, in an edition with artwork reminiscent of the "Arts and Crafts" style originated by William Morris. '

Anna Louise Strong (1885-1970) Reference Archive.
'Daughter of a Nebraskan missionary and pastor of the Congregational Church, Strong was a gifted child and had earned a PhD in philosophy at the University of Chicago by the age of 23. She came to public attention as an advocate for child welfare, touring an exhibition exposing child poverty throughout the US and overseas.'
'In 1916, Strong was a journalist for the New York Evening Post reporting on the Everett Massacre, a conflict in which the IWW was involved, and thereafter Strong became a socialist and advocate for labor. She opposed US participation in the First World War as a pacifist. After the October Revolution, Strong became a prominent advocate of the young Soviet government in the liberal press.'

Greenwich Past: History & Heritage of Greenwich, England.

Crib Candy. A thumbnail bookmark blog with the best stuff for your home.

Some links via MeFi :-

Hack-a-day. DIY geeks.

The 25 most shocking moments in film history.

Rosa Parks passes on.

Australia's last WWI veteran passes on.

26th October

Household Words: Women Write From and For the Kitchen.
'The Esther B. Aresty Rare Book Collection on the Culinary Arts comprises cookery manuscripts and published books of recipes, etiquette and household advice. Spanning an historical period from the earliest printed folios of the fifteenth century to the more recent and familiar volumes of the twentieth century, the books represent cultural and geographical diversity ranging from Europe and the New World to the Far East.'
'The Aresty Collection's abundance of literature for, by, and about women provides us with an opportunity to explore, reconstruct, and imagine the domestic lives of women. The exhibition celebrates women's accomplishments in these genres: some who achieved prominence and fame and others who did not but who read as well as wrote cookery books and other household manuals. The books, written by authors of diverse backgrounds, were directed toward women whose labor--both paid and unpaid--had consequences for entire households. Thus they learned how to prepare foods, medicines, and other domestic necessities for their families' survival. Engaged in this form of vernacular writing, authors and readers alike became skilled in far more than household tasks, enriching their own and others' lives.'

Japanese Historical Maps.
'When the University of California at Berkeley purchased the Mitsui Library from the Mitsui family in1949, included among the 100,000 items was a collection of 2,298 maps which had been assembled by Mitsui Takakata (penname: Soken) (1882-1950), the 9th head of the Shinmachi branch of the family. The most unusual part of the collection is the 697 woodblock-print maps (and a few dozen manuscript maps) dating from the Tokugawa period (1600-1867)...'

Albrecht Durer: Woodcuts and Engravings.

Cyfwe - Welsh Literature in Translation.
'Cyfwe is a website for Welsh literature in translation. Its name is composed of two Welsh elements, cyf from cyfieithu (the same as trans in translate), and (g)we, 'web'. It represents our aim to open up the riches of Welsh literature to a worldwide audience through the Web. '

Layla. '"Layla" is the title track on the Derek and the Dominos album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, released in December of 1970. It is considered one of rock music's definitive love songs, featuring an unmistakable guitar figure, played by Eric Clapton and Duane Allman, as lead-in. Its famously contrasting movements were composed separately by Clapton and Jim Gordon, similar to the combination of fragments John Lennon and Paul McCartney used to create "A Day In The Life". Clapton was inspired to write the piece by his burning unrequited love for Pattie Boyd, the wife of his friend George Harrison.'

Historic Sites of Los Angeles.
'The following are some of the many historic sites in Los Angeles and surrounding areas. For convenience they are arranged by area within the city...'

Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate.
'Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) has become the strongest symbol of non- violence in the 20th century. It is widely held - in retrospect - that the Indian national leader should have been the very man to be selected for the Nobel Peace Prize. He was nominated several times, but was never awarded the prize. Why?...'

Best Fish Guide. 'Like seafood? So do we. And we like to know that our seafood choice is the best one we can make for a healthy marine environment. Our oceans are in crisis. We need to make better choices. By using the Best Fish Guide we can. '

Japan Focus.
'Japan Focus is an electronic journal and archive chronicling Japan and the Asia-Pacific in global perspective, encompassing politics, economics, society, history, culture, international relations, war and peace, and historical memory. In addition to Japan Focus exclusives, it presents translations from Japanese and other languages as well as reprints of important texts. Japan Focus draws on the writings of researchers, journalists, policy analysts and writers throughout Asia and the Pacific, North America, Europe and Australia. Its fully indexed website provides a permanent resource for researchers on the Asia- Pacific. '

The Jerome K. Jerome Society.
'Jerome Klapka Jerome, best known as the author of 'Three Men in a Boat', one of the great comic masterpieces of the English language, was born in Walsall, Staffordshire, on 2nd May 1859, the youngest of four children.'
'His father, who had interests in the local coal and iron industries and was a prominent non-conformist preacher, had moved to the town in 1855 and installed the family in a fashionable middle class house in Bradford Street where they lived in comparative comfort until 1861. Following the collapse of the family business, the Jeromes moved first to Stourbridge and thence to Poplar in the East End of London where he was brought up in relative poverty...'

The Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection.
'Doris Ulmann (1882-1934) was born and educated in New York City. A graduate of the school of the Ethical Culture Society, a socially liberal organization that championed individual worth regardless of ethnic background or economic condition, Ulmann documented the rural people of the South, particularly the mountain peoples of Appalachia and the Gullahs of the Sea Islands, with a profound respect for her sitters and an ethnographer's eye for culture. Ulmann was assisted on her rural travels by John Jacob Niles, a musician and folklorist. Trained as a pictorialist by Clarence White, Ulmann's early work includes a series of portraits of prominent intellectuals, artists and writers: William Butler Yeats, John Dewey, Max Eastman, Sinclair Lewis, Lewis Mumford, Joseph Wood Krutch, Martha Graham, Anna Pavlova, Paul Robeson, and Lillian Gish...'

Drayton Hall.
'Welcome to Drayton Hall, a National Trust historic site in Charleston, South Carolina. Completed in 1742, the historic plantation house stands majestically on a 630-acre site and is one of the finest examples of Georgian-Palladian architecture in America. Through seven generations of Drayton family ownership, the plantation house has remained in nearly original condition and offers an opportunity to experience history, to imagine the people-white and black-who lived and worked in a far different time.'

Andrew Jackson Speaks: Indian Removal Policy.
'Passed into law during Jackson's second year as President, this Act set the tone for his administration's handling of all Indian affairs. In fact, Removal outlasted his tenure: the last of the Cherokee were infamously forced on the Trail of Tears death march in 1838, two years after Jackson's second--and final--term ended. '
'Though all Eastern tribes were eventually relocated West of the Mississippi, the government failed utterly in its pledge to enact the policy on a strictly voluntary basis (a policy notably not written into the act.) Nearly all relocation was carried out under duress, whether by military escort, or when no other option remained after tribal decimation by broken treaties, fraudulent land deals and the wars these often caused.'

Auschwitz and Birkenau.
'When visiting this exhibition, please honor and respect the memory of those who suffered and died in these concentration camps, as well as in all other camps during World War II. '

Fear of Physics. Various aspects of physics explained, in a fun way.

Barnacle Press. Online comics.

Underground Kent. Underground structures, Napoleonic, WWII and Cold War fortifications in Kent.
'Undergroundkent is not just one person nor a organisation, we are a group of people who are interested in underground exploration. The pictures on this site were taken not just by me but others in the group as well.'

Eric Conveys an Emotion. 'Welcome to Eric Conveys an Emotion. Glad you could make it. The concept here is simple, this is a humor-oriented interactive website. You request an emotion (or reasonable facsimile), and I will try and act it out for you. The frame on the left shows the currently filled emotions. The list in the right frame shows requests that are waiting to be filled. Sure, so some of these may not be emotions per se, we're just having fun here. So what are you waiting for? '

Ad Tunes. Find TV commercial ad music.

The Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law.

25th October

19th Century Photography of Ancient Greece.
'19th-century Photography of Ancient Greece illustrates approximately 200 nineteenth- and early twentieth-century photographs of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. Focusing on Greece, Asia Minor, the Aegean islands, Cyprus, South Italy, and Sicily, these images belong to the Getty Research Institute's Gary Edwards Collection. The majority of the photographs are of Athens, particularly the Athenian Acropolis. In addition, separate pages of this website are devoted to ancient monuments elsewhere in Athens, selected site views in Greece and throughout the Mediterranean, and ancient sculpture. '

The Neolithic Monument Complex of Thornborough, North Yorkshire.
'The low-lying Vale of Mowbray, which lies between the central Pennines and the Hambleton Hills, is the location for a remarkable concentration of Neolithic monuments. This includes no less than six large henges, which are all almost identical in their size and design, located within 10kms of each other. They are the largest such sites outside the Wessex chalkland. '
'The significance of this area is emphasised by the existence of other nearby monuments. Immediately to the south of the Vale of Mowbray lies the imposing stone settings of the Devil's Arrows, while to the north is the cursus at Scorton. '

"Agents Wanted": A Brief History of Subscription Publishing in America.
'Nineteenth-century America saw the rise of a new kind of subscription publishing and a new approach to marketing. Once a relatively genteel means of seeking financial support for an expensive publication project with uncertain sales prospects, subscription bookselling expanded during the nineteenth century into a door-to-door solicitation of commitments to purchase particular titles not just prior to publication, as had been the case with earlier subscription ventures, but at any point in the publication process. This uniquely American publishing phenomenon grew out of a confluence of economic circumstances and opportunities...'

Robert Montgomery Bird: Writer and Artist.
'Robert Montgomery Bird (1805/6-1854) was a writer of considerable note. Born in New Castle, Delaware, one hundred and ninety years ago (February 5, 1805 or 1806), he was raised there and in Philadelphia, and entered the University of Pennsylvania in 1824. He graduated from Penn's Medical School and College of Pharmacy in 1827. As a medical student, he was active in literary societies and as a fledgling playwright.'
'He practiced medicine for a year after graduation, giving it up in order to write. By 1830, Edwin Forrest, the greatest American tragic actor and theatrical impresario of the era, had accepted one of his plays. For the next seven years, Dr. Bird wrote for Forrest while also publishing poetry, fiction, and essays. In 1837, he broke with Forrest, became editor of the American Monthly Magazine, and married Mary Mayer. Their son, Frederick Mayer Bird, was born a bit more than a year later...'

The Kingdom of Bhutan 'is a landlocked South Asian nation situated between India and China.The landscape ranges from the subtropical plains to the Himalayan heights, an elevation gain of more than 7000 m. Its economy is based on subsistence agriculture (emphasizing corn and rice) and animal husbandry. Small, terraced farms predominate...'

Time Line of Space Exploration.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England.

The Golden Age Romance Covers Archive. The cover art of romance novels.

White Trash: The Construction of an American Scapegoat.
'Equality is simultaneously the greatest accomplishment and worst failure of America. It is the place where idealism and reality come to blows in American culture. Despite the glossy veneer of "political correctness" which has been painted over the rust and corrosion of centuries of racism and classism, the enduring American necessity for a social "other" has chosen working class whites as the focal scapegoat of our time. This site explores the general treatment of working class whites in the media -- comics, literature, film and television; dealing in depth with the areas of religion, race relations, work and lifestyle in defining working class whites as a unique social culture.'

William Bernheim. Artist and Holocaust survivor.

Great Temples of North India.

Kyoto Temples. Virtual guide.

The Great North (of England). 'The modern lifeboat was invented in South Shields. '

Native American Dolls from Arrow Gift Shop.

The Hornet: The Horn of Africa's Electronic Information Exchange. Articles from 1994-2004.
'The Hornet, based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, is a free computer networking service established in early 1994 to promote the exchange of information in and on the Horn of Africa using electronic communications. Services available using FIDOnet technology include file transfer, electronic conferencing, mailing lists, databases and personal messaging. Users include academics, government and non-governmental organizations, UN agencies, businesses and diplomats. The Hornet is based at the Pan African Development Information System of the UN Economic Commission for Africa. Our logo (for the time being...) shows an Ethiopian postman, around 1935, carrying a letter in a cleft stick. '

Back Issues of the Harvard Law Bulletin. Wide selection of interesting articles on legal matters.
A tribute to Justice William J. Brennan. (1997) 'Through his 1,360 opinions-many of them masterpieces of reason and craftsmanship-Justice Brennan played the pivotal role in changing all that, building an enduring edifice of common sense and uncommon wisdom that transformed the landscape of America. If Chief Justice John Marshall was the chief architect of a powerful national government, then Justice William Brennan was the principal architect of the nation's system for protecting individual rights. Intellect alone could never have achieved so much, though Brennan's intellectual brilliance and analytical acumen were indispensable. What drove him were passion and compassion, insight and empathy, and a dream of a Constitution of, by, and for the people. '

The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum.

Occult, Magick & Pagan EBooks.

Dandyism. "A dandified appearance is 90 percent cold logic and 10 percent caprice."

Stylish. Expensive. Very much a bad purchase for me. Thanks, Janet.

24th October

The World of Dante.
'The World of Dante offers a hypermedia environment for the study of the Inferno. This project is designed to appeal to the different purposes of a wide range of readers, not simply those with scholarly interests. This version of the Inferno is generated by software from a densely encoded electronic text. Unlike other versions of the poem presently online, this copy of the Inferno has been tagged using SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language). Translating poetry into markup entails certain compromises, but we hope that any perceived loss of meaning will be offset by the possibilities the project offers its users to navigate through a considerable amount of data, and to connect this information, or parts of it, in complex ways...'
Map of Dante's Hell.

Vintage Luggage Labels: The Lost Art of Travel and the History of the Luggage Label.

Greek Medicine from the Gods to Galen.
'Many foundations of modern Western medicine lie in Classical Greece, from about 800 B.C.E. to about 200 C.E. During this period, Greek medicine departed from the divine and mystical and moved toward observation and logical reasoning. These ideas spread throughout the Mediterranean world and as far east as India, and their influence has remained strong in the West to this day...'

Buddhist Sutras from the Ida B. Wells Memorial Sutra Library.
'These Sutras and Suttas are a gift of Dharma to the entire planet, and can be copied and distributed both electronically and physically, free of charge regardless of the translator and without prior notification to the Ida B. Wells Memorial Sutra Library. '

World Audit Democracy. Countries of the world ranked by levels of representative democracy, press freedom, and lack of corruption.
'This is the tenth world audit report of the millennium, in which we re-examine the prevalence of public corruption, the state of human rights, political rights, free speech and the rule of law in 150 nations (all those exceeding one million population). By reference to these we compile the world democracy table with its subsidiary statistical tables. We recommend that readers check out our methodology (button on left hand sidewalk of democracy table) to make the most sense of these results and the commentary below.'
'We find the term democracy being misused by people who should know better, particularly in the current middle-east context, as merely the opportunity to register a vote. Without others of the key criteria enumerated here, we maintain that to be rather meaningless. If it doesn't offer genuine accountability - coupled with the ability "to throw the rascals out", it's not democracy...'

United States Antarctic Resource Center.
'The U.S. Antarctic Resource Center (USARC) at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Reston,Va., maintains the Nation's most comprehensive collection of Antarctic maps, charts, satellite images, and photographs produced by the United States and other member nations of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR). The USARC holdings include maps and charts from Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, China, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay. '

Anti-Slavery Homepage.
'Anti-Slavery International, founded in 1839, is the world's oldest international human rights organisation and the only charity in the United Kingdom to work exclusively against slavery and related abuses...'
'Anti-Slavery International's work has produced real change. Throughout the last century, the organisation was involved in many successful campaigns, such as those to stop the abuse of rubber workers in the Belgian Congo and the use of child slaves -- Mui Tsai -- in Hong Kong. In the 21st century, our success continues...'

Nature in Chinese Culture. Art.
'In no other cultural tradition has nature played a more important role in the arts than in that of China. Since China's earliest dynastic period, real and imagined creatures of the earth-serpents, bovines, cicadas, and dragons-were endowed with special attributes, as revealed by their depiction on ritual bronze vessels. In the Chinese imagination, mountains were also imbued since ancient times with sacred power as manifestations of nature's vital energy (qi). They not only attracted the rain clouds that watered the farmer's crops, they also concealed medicinal herbs, magical fruits, and alchemical minerals that held the promise of longevity. Mountains pierced by caves and grottoes were viewed as gateways to other realms—"cave heavens" (dongtian) leading to Daoist paradises where aging is arrested and inhabitants live in harmony...'

Antonio Gramsci 1891-1937. Italian socialist writer, philosopher and political prisoner under Mussolini.
'Gramsci's political and social writings occur in two periods, pre- prison (1910-1926) and prison (1929-35). His pre-prison writings tend to be politically specific, while his prison writings tend to be more historical and theoretical.'

The Much Wenlock Olympian Society. The Olympic history of rural Shropshire.
'Penny Brookes, again in 1841, founded the Agricultural Reading Society. This early kind of lending library was established ' for the promotion and diffusion of useful information '. He wrote to many titled and famous people, such as the Duke of Wellington and Abraham Darby, most of whom responded by sending donations and books. - see the accompanying Agricultural Reading Society web page.'
'From the society evolved various classes including the Art, Philharmonic and Botany classes. In 1850 he formed the Wenlock Olympian Class.'
'The first Games, held in October 1850, were a mixture of athletics and also traditional country sports such as quoits, football and cricket. These early Games sometimes included a ' fun' event; once a wheelbarrow race, another year an old woman's race for a pound of tea, these events were not usually a part of the general programme...'

New York Times Company Timeline. History of America's 'paper of record'.

History of the New York Stock Exchange.

Cookham, Berkshire. Website of an English village.

The Southern Homefront 1861-65. ' "The Southern Homefront, 1861-1865," presents documents related to all aspects of Southern life during the Civil War. In particular, government and civilian publications demonstrate the Confederate States of America's unsuccessful attempt to create a viable nation state. This collection includes over four hundred Civil War era maps, broadsides, photographs, printed works, Confederate currency, and manuscript letters and diaries.'

Ralph Waldo Emerson Collection. '1803-82, American poet and essayist, b. Boston. Through his essays, poems, and lectures, Emerson established himself as a leading spokesman of transcendentalism and as a major figure in American literature.'
"He thought it happier to be dead, / To die for Beauty, than live for bread."

Blore Heath 1459.
'Blore Heath is a small area of farmland close to the Staffordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire borders, in the northwest midlands of England. '
'In 1459, it was the site of one of the bloodiest battles of the Wars of the Roses.'
'This website is an online resource dedicated to events at Blore Heath, past and present. '

'If' by Rudyard Kipling. Stiff upper lip.

Aboriginal Art Shop. Australian Aboriginal art.

The 'Nine Inch Nails' Historian. 'Nine Inch Nails' tour memorabilia; tickets, posters etc.

iPod Subway Maps.
'Simply put, I decided that it'd be pretty cool to build this website so you can put subway maps onto your iPod Photo. As I write this, I've only got one city up so far - well, almost. I skipped Staten Island. Do people actually ride that subway?'
'Eventually I'd like to open the site up to allow other visitors to submit their own maps. One step at a time, though.'

22nd October

Dreams of Space. Space art in children's books 1950s to 1970s.
'With the discoveries by Robert Goddard and Hermann Oberth of liquid-fueled rockets in the 1930's and the use of V-2 rockets in the 1940's, rocket travel went from science fiction to science fact in the public's mind. In post-World War II America anything seemed possible, even going to the Moon! There appeared in 1949, a book The Conquest of Space , which led to a new trend in children's books. These books outlined the future the children of the "baby boom" would grow up in, the world of space (example). The illustrations in these books show facts (as they were known) mixed in with the fantasy of space flight and led many of the readers of these books to "dream of space"...'

Jonah on the Web. Everything about Jonah and the whale.
'Welcome to Jonah on the Web, an annotated guide to the story of Jonah, in faith, art and culture, from the Bible to today. The site includes an organized and annotated list of over 200 articles, pages and sites and over 150 pictures.'

Sun Yat-sen. Biography.
'Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 - March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary leader who had a significant role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty. A founder of the Kuomintang, Sun was the first provisional president when the Republic of China was founded in 1912. He developed a political philosophy known as the Three Principles of the People which still heavily influences Chinese governments today...'

The Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin Through Wales.
'Gerald the Welshman - Giraldus Cambrensis - was born, probably in 1147, at Manorbier Castle in the county of Pembroke. His father was a Norman noble, William de Barri, who took his name from the little island of Barry off the coast of Glamorgan. His mother, Angharad, was the daughter of Gerald de Windsor by his wife, the famous Princess Nesta, the "Helen of Wales," and the daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr Mawr, the last independent Prince of South Wales...'

September 11 News. News archives of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Anti-Semitism and Responses. Articles on the history of anti-Semitism. Part of the Jewish Virtual Library.

Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Story of Child Labour.

Canadian Newspapers and the Second World War.

Sir Walter Ralegh 1552-1618. Life and literary work.

Melusina - 'legends about mermaids, water sprites, and forest nymphs who marry mortal men.'

The Ballad of Mulan. Chinese calligraphy and English translation.

Rogers Park/West Ridge Historical Society. 'The mission of the Society is to gather and preserve the history of Rogers Park and West Ridge as a vital part of the City of Chicago, thus placing local history in its larger context, and to provide interactive education about those communities to the public.'

Radical Tradition Aotearoa/New Zealand. History of anarchism in New Zealand.

Gargunnock. A Scottish village's website.

Sharon Tate. 'Welcome to the official website for my sister, Sharon Tate Polanski. You may know Sharon from such films as Valley of the Dolls, Wrecking Crew, and Don't Make Waves...'

QuackWatch. A guide to quackery and health fraud. Beware charlatans.

Nina Paley. America's best-loved unknown cartoonist.

Trust for America's Health. Lots of epidemic- and pandemic- related information. Good resource.

Warm Africa. Online home of all things African.

Anarchist Communism in Britain.
'In this article we take a look at the development of Anarchist Communism in Britain since the late 19th century. In the first section we deal with the early days of the Socialist League and of William Morris. In the second part we look at the grouping around Sylvia Pankhurst and at the Anti-Parliamentary Communist Federation and Guy Aldred. In the third part we look at the groupings of the 70s, the Organisation of Revolutionary Anarchists, the Anarchist Workers Association, the Anarchist Communist Association and the Libertarian Communist Group. '