Virtual Museum & Archive of the SEC and Securities
History. Investment history.
'This virtual museum and archive preserves and shares the history of the
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and of the securities industry
from 1929 to the present. It includes a wide range of primary materials,
including a timeline, papers, photos, oral histories and original
programs broadcast from this site, which contribute to the understanding
of how the SEC has shaped and continues to shape U.S. and international
capital markets. '
Rackenford, Devon. A slice of Devon village
'Rackenford is a small rural community in North Devon sitting on the
edge of Exmoor between the market towns of South Molton and Tiverton. 30
minutes drive from great surfing on the north coast. Beautifully
situated for a peaceful Devon Holiday...'
'Discover a cornucopia of hand picked, quality Japanese Antiques. '
Huge Magazine's Thrift Store Art Gallery.
'Welcome to the world's first on-line thrift store art gallery. Try to
keep your eyes firmly tucked in their sockets and your jaw from hitting
the floor as you gaze in wonder at our huge collection of masterpieces
of the weird and the mundane. '
The Gunpowder Plot.
'The scene was the early 17th century Lambeth home of one John Wright
deep in the suburbs of the City of London. Three British Catholic
gentlemen met in secret to discuss their troubles. King James VI of
Scotland had only recently taken on the English throne as James I but,
despite promises of a relaxation in the anti-catholic laws, it now
appeared that the new King would be even more severe in their
persecution than his predecessor had been...'
'Every Christmas, My Aunt Joan gives me a Monet calendar. After a couple
years the same old paintings became dull. So she started enhancing the
master's works with a variety of stickers. Observe how dinosaurs, teddy
bears, and farm machinery bring new life to tired old impressionism.'
Armeniapedia. The online encyclopaedia about
Armenia and Armenians. Really excellent.
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918.
'The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great
War, known today as World War I (WWI), at somewhere between 20 and 40
million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in
recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a single year
than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351.
Known as "Spanish Flu" or "La Grippe" the influenza of 1918-1919 was
a global disaster.'
Louise Michel, a French anarchist woman who
fought in the Paris Commune.
'Enter a yes or no question and the mysterious Advice Bunny will give
you an answer.'
' David Randall, author of The Universal Journalist, presents 13 in-depth
profiles of the best journalists who ever lived - nine Americans and
four Britons, ten men and three women, whose lives were full of adventure,
wit and the ingenuity to bring the story home. '
Rhondda Valley Images.
'I would like to present on these pages images of the Rhondda Valleys,
both old and contemporary. Some are images of a time when our grand
parents and great grandparents once worked their hearts out to earn a
living from the coal mines. Others - many - paid the ultimate price of
coal. As time permits I will add more and more to these pages, including
the history of the Rhondda.'
Mary Cassatt. Online exhibit about the
American Impressionist artist.
'Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) was a unique artist because she was a woman
who succeeded in what was in the nineteenth century a predominantly
male profession, because she was the only American invited to exhibit
with a group of independent artists later known as the Impressionists,
and because she responded in a very distinctive way to their mandate
to portray modern life. '
Interactive Dig Sagalassos: City in the
'In 1706, Paul Lucas, traveling in southwest Turkey on a mission for
the court of Louis XIV, came upon the mountaintop ruins of Sagalassos.
The first Westerner to see the site, Lucas wrote that he seemed to be
confronted with remains of several cities inhabited by fairies. Later,
during the mid-nineteenth century, William Hamilton described it as the
best preserved ancient city he had ever seen...'
'Extinct Animals. Normally one would hear those words used to describe
the dinosaurs - or perhaps the Dodo Bird. But what people don't often
think of are the thousands of interesting creatures that lived and
died on this planet of ours in the "in-between" years. The last dinosaurs
vanished 65 million years ago, the last Dodo died over 300 years ago. The
millions of years between the two (The Cenozoic Era) have been populated
(off and on) by some of the largest mammals the world has ever seen.
Some familiar, some bizarre - often gigantic, these Megafauna (Latin for
"large animals") can be every bit as intriguing as the dinosaurs. '
Las Vegas: An Unconventional History.
'The story of Las Vegas' last hundred years is a distinctly American
saga of optimism and opportunity. By 1999, it had become one of the
fastest growing cities in the United States and could lay claim, in the
words of one historian, to be "the first city of the twenty-first
century." American Experience tells a rollercoaster story, peopled
with unlikely heroes and villains, to trace the city's development
from a remote frontier way-station to its Depression-era incarnation
as the "Gateway to the Hoover Dam"; from its mid-century florescence
as the gangster metropolis known as "Sin City" to its recent renaissance
as a corporately-financed, postmodern, desert fantasyland.'
'Although the Kabbalah has lately become 'trendy,' there is a dearth of
well-written, scholarly books which give a larger perspective on the
subject of Jewish Mysticism. In addition, many of the books on the subject
are by Occultists, and however valuable they are, tend to have their own
agenda. Abelson puts the Kabbalah into context as the outgrowth of a
long-term evolution of Jewish mystical thought, starting with the Essenes
and the Merkabah (Chariot) mysticism of the Talmundic era. He explains
how neo-Platonism, Gnosticism, Christianity and other currents influenced
and were in turn impacted by Jewish mysticism. This is a great
backgrounder if you are interested in the Kabbalah or Mysticism at
any level. '
Mushroom Houses of Charlevoix, Michigan.
'Developer Earl Young's great gift to Charlevoix, Michigan, was a group
of fairy tale mushroom houses that he built around the Boulder Park
neighborhood near the city's lakefront starting in 1918...'
'Spider-Woman is the codename adopted by a number of fictional characters
in the Marvel Universe. There have been four female characters to adopt
this name, three superheroines and one supervillainess. The original
Spider-Woman appeared first in Marvel Spotlight #32 (February 1977).'
Human Origins. Smithsonian site. Take a look at
the Hall of Human Ancestors.
US Civil War Cartes de Visite.
'The albumen photographs presented below are examples taken from an
album of prominent Americans made during Civil War. The album is
thought to have been assembled by John Hay (1838-1905), a personal
secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the years 1861 to 1865. '
The Surprising George Washington.
'In the autumn of 1787, newly returned from Constitution-making in
Philadelphia, the proprietor of Mount Vernon turned his attention to
more prosaic matters. George Washington needed a gardener, and he
approached the job search with the same psychological insight that had
so impressed his fellow delegates. At length he drew up a contract with
a hard-drinking candidate, after solemnly binding him to perform his
duties sober for one year "if allowed four dollars at Christmas, with
which to be drunk four days and four nights; two dollars at Easter, to
effect the same purpose; two dollars at Whitsuntide, to be drunk for two
days, a dram in the morning, and a drink of grog at dinner and at noon."
Innocent in London.
'This Reuters story was written while the police were detaining me in
Southwark tube station and the bomb squad was checking my rucksack. When
they were through, the two explosive specialists walked out of the tube
station smiling and commenting ?nice laptop?. The officers offered
apologies on behalf of the Metropolitan Police. Then they arrested me. '
The Hotchkiss Map Collection.
'The Hotchkiss Map Collection contains cartographic items made by Major
Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828-1899), a topographic engineer in the Confederate
Army. Hotchkiss made detailed battle maps primarily of the Shenandoah
Valley, some of which were used by the Generals Robert E. Lee and
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson for their combat planning and strategy.
Several of the maps have annotations of various military officers,
demonstrating their importance in the military campaigns. The collection
also includes maps made or used by Hotchkiss during his post-war years,
including maps with information about railroads, minerals and mining,
geology and history, most of which focus on Virginia and West Virginia,
but also cover other states and even the world.'
Pygmalion and Galatea in Myth and Art.
'Pygmalion saw so much to blame in women that he came at last to
abhor the sex, and resolved to live unmarried. He was a sculptor,
and had made with wonderful skill a statue of ivory, so beautiful that
no living woman came anywhere near it. It was indeed the perfect
semblance of a maiden that seemed to be alive, and only prevented
from moving by modesty. His art was so perfect that it concealed itself
and its product looked like the workmanship of nature. Pygmalion admired
his own work, and at last fell in love with the counterfeit creation....'
Moonglow Observatory. Night sky
'Moonglow Observatory is a small astronomical observatory run by me,
Fred Bruenjes as a hobby. One of my favorite activities is taking
pictures of things in the night sky through my telescope, and so I
created this website to share my best pictures with you. '
Twin Oaks Intentional
'Twin Oaks is an intentional community in rural central Virginia, made
up of around 85 adult members and 15 children. Since the community's
beginning in 1967, our way of life has reflected our values of
cooperation, sharing, nonviolence, equality, and ecology. '
The Hannah Arendt Papers at the Library of Congress.
'The papers of the author, educator, and political philosopher Hannah
Arendt (1906-1975) are one of the principal sources for the study of
modern intellectual life. Located in the Manuscript Division at the
Library of Congress, they constitute a large and diverse collection
reflecting a complex career. With over 25,000 items (about 75,000
digital images), the papers contain correspondence, articles, lectures,
speeches, book manuscripts, transcripts of Adolf Eichmann's trial
proceedings, notes, and printed matter pertaining to Arendt's writings
and academic career. The entire collection has been digitized and is
available to researchers in reading rooms at the Library of Congress,
the New School University in New York City, and the Hannah Arendt Center
at the University of Oldenburg, Germany. Parts of the collection and the
finding aid are available for public access on the Internet. '
Early Virginia Religious Petitions.
'Early Virginia Religious Petitions presents images of 423 petitions
submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802 from more
than eighty counties and cities. Drawn from the Library of Virginia's
Legislative Petitions collection, the petitions concern such topics as
the historic debate over the separation of church and state championed
by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, the rights of dissenters such as
Quakers and Baptists, the sale and division of property in the
established church, and the dissolution of unpopular vestries. '
A Journey to the Earth's Interior, 1920.
'Marshall B. Gardner, a hollow-earth proponent, published the first
edition of this book in 1913, after Peary reached the North Pole in
1909. Gardner thus had a much harder job than William Reed; that is,
overcoming the public perception that the poles had been reached. '
'Gardner's book is in some ways superior to other books in this genre.
He attempts to come up with a scientific hypothesis to explain the
formation of hollow planets, instead of divine fiat or no explanation at
all. He is also a lot more readable. One of the most enjoyable parts of
this book is Gardner's fantasy account of a journey into the interior of
the hollow earth, which, while not up to the standards of Jules Verne,
seems almost plausible if you can suspend your disbelief temporarily. '
The Sati System.
'The Sati (Su-thi , a.k.a. suttee) is the traditional Hindu practice of
a widow immolating herself on her husband's funeral pyre. Sati was
prevalent among certain sects of the society in ancient India, who
either took the vow or deemed it a great honor to die on the funeral
pyres of their husbands...'
'It was first published in expurgated form as The Whale in London on 18
October 1851, and then in full as Moby-Dick; or, The Whale in New York
on 14 November 1851. Moby-Dick's style was revolutionary for its time:
descriptions in intricate, imaginative, and varied prose of the methods
of whale-hunting, the adventure, and the narrator's reflections
interweave the story's themes with a huge swath of Western literature,
history, religion, mythology, philosophy, and science. Although its
initial reception was unfavorable, Moby-Dick is now considered to be one
of the canonical novels in the English '
International Freedom Centre.
'Rising from the hallowed ground of the World Trade Center site, it will
serve as the complement, and its building as the gateway, to the World
Trade Center Memorial, playing a leading role in the Memorial's mission
to "strengthen our resolve to preserve freedom, and inspire an end to
hatred, ignorance, and intolerance." '
Old Maps of Britain.
'Providing access to Britain's most extensive digital historical map
archive. Find out where your ancestors used to live or check out what
your neighbourhood looked like over a hundred years ago. '
Dawn of the Legend. Gallipoli and its
role in Australian consciousness.
'25 April 1915 is a date etched in Australia's history. Its anniversary
is commemorated across the country each year as ANZAC Day. To many this
is Australia's most important national day...'
In Cold Blood.
'In Cold Blood: A True Account of a Multiple Murder and Its Consequences
is a book by Truman Capote, detailing the 1959 murder of Herb Clutter, a
wealthy farmer from Holcomb, Kansas; his wife, Bonnie; sixteen-year-old
daughter, Nancy; and fifteen-year-old son, Kenyon, and the aftermath
The MUDdex. History of online multi-user dungeons.
'I have collected here documents pertaining to the history of MUDS. Most
of these documents are posts saved from Usenet, MUD-related mailing
lists, or logs of MUD interactions.
Many of them are of historical or humorous interest. '
Old Korea in Pictures.
'This site is dedicated to collect old pictures and drawings of Korea.
If you have any pictures and want me to scan them to be put here, please
contact me, so we can put them in the public domain. Most pictures will
be from Seoul or Pyongyang, since most foreigners tended to live there.
But nevertheless others might show up. '
Descent of Amida Nyorai.
'Amida Nyorai, or Amitabha Buddha in Sanskrit, one of the most popular
Buddha images in Japan, is depicted here descending into this world in
order to lead the souls of true believers to his Western Paradise. '
'This is Achill, a dynamic island community some sixty miles square.
Where saints have walked; where a pirate queen ruled; where famine once
stalked and emigration still does. Where tourism, fishing and
unemployment shape the lives of some 2,900 people. Custodians of our
past. Planners of our future in the new millenium. Proud, independent,
hardworking. Full of warmth and good cheer. '
Sacco Vanzetti Project. Two anarchists executed
in Massachusetts in 1927.
'Sacco and Vanzetti were executed on August 23, 1927, a date that became
a watershed in twentieth-century American history. It became the last of
a long train of events that had driven any sense of utopian vision out
of American life. The workings of American democracy now seemed to many
Americans as flawed and unjust as many of the older societies of the
world, no longer embodying any bright ideal, but once again serving the
interests of the rich and the powerful. '
Live Aid. 'All
you wanted to know about the greatest concert on
Heritage in an Urban Setting.
'Working in Paterson: Occupational Heritage in an Urban Setting
presents 470 interview excerpts and 3882 photographs from the Working
in Paterson Folklife Project of the American Folklife Center at the
Library of Congress. The four-month study of occupational culture in
Paterson, New Jersey, was conducted in 1994. Paterson is considered to
be the cradle of the Industrial Revolution in America. It was founded
in 1791 by the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.),
a group that had U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton as
an advocate. The basis for Paterson's manufacturing potential was the
Great Falls on the Passaic River. Paterson went on to become the
largest silk manufacturing center in the nation as well as a leader
in the manufacture of many other products, from railroad locomotives
The Phantom of
the Poles, 1906.
'The hollow earth has long been a popular alternative theory of the
shape of the earth. Typically this theory also posits large holes at
the North and South Poles which would allow entry into the interior.
In his 1906 book, The Phantom of the Poles, William Reed presents a
collection of reports of polar explorers on strange and unexplained
phenomena, such as warm winds, deposits of dust, rocks embedded in
icebergs, large ice-free areas, fresh water areas in the open polar
ocean, and bizarre auroras, all in support of his belief that the
polar areas are the vestibule to the interior of the hollow earth.
Reed believed that the poles were unreachable because they simply
'However, three years later, on April 6th, 1909, Peary and Henson
reached the North Pole (more or less: it is now thought that they
missed it by about 20 nautical miles). And so Reed's primary
assertion, that the poles cannot be reached, was soon to be
invalidated by facts. Today the poles have been reached by land, air
and in the case of the North Pole, by submarine; there is a permanent
base at the South Pole, which you can view on webcam. The poles are no
of Hereford Cathedral.
'The See of Hereford has been quoted as being "one of the few
bishoprics which have come down almost without interruption from the
first establishment of Christianity in our land until the present
day." It is certainly considered the most ancient in England.
Traditionally, the erection of the first Cathedral at Hereford or
Caerfawydd, as the city was then known, was paid for by King Gerren
Llyngesoc of Dumnonia (Devon & Cornwall) in AD 542; the Bishopric
probably being transferred from the nearby Roman town of Magnis
(Kenchester). A south-western monarch is, however, unlikely to have
instigated such an undertaking in this part of the country and the
dates are not quite right for this man. It seems clear that there has
been some confusion with King "Gerascenus" of "Orcheus pagus". The
existence of this little known King of Ergyng, the early British
Kingdom that encompassed most of Herefordshire long before the arrival
of the Saxons, is briefly recorded in the Life of his son, St. Mewen.
His Welsh name was probably Gwrgan, as used some generations later in
the Ergyng dynasty...'
'Asuka, some 1 300 and more years ago, was home to Japan's ruling
dynasty and was thus, for more than a century,the capital of the
country. It was at this time that our country adopted much of the
relatively matured culture and administrative methodology of China and
the Korean peninsula, and it was here that a unified national state
was for the first time established in Japan.' 'It was here that
Buddhism was introduced and Buddhist art saw its first flower. New
types of knowledge and new working techniques were introduced one
after another, and Asuka progressively consolidated its functions as
the administrative and cultural center of the time. Even today, the
palace and temple sites, kofun (tumulus graves), stone figures and
other man-made reminders of the times are left behind in considerable
number. Moreover, one may here appreciate retrospectfully, wistfully
perhaps, the natural features and other places written about or
associated with a great many of the famous poems in the Man'yoshu.'
'This site exists to celebrate and preserve books and magazines about
girlwatching and girl-photography from the fifties and sixties. '
Abandoned & Little-Known
(USA) 'As a pilot, a particular interest of mine has always been the
that dot the landscape of part of this country, as well as other
unusual & little-known airfields.
Both for their potential safety value to a pilot in an emergency,
and also for their sometimes fascinating history, this particular
topic has always held my curiosity.
When I'm a passenger on commercial flights,
I've always found myself looking out the window, constantly looking
for airfields below.
When I fly as a pilot myself, I've always tried to land at as many
airports as possible,
to learn a little about each one.'
A Short History of
the Jews of Greece.
'Nikos Stavrolakis was one of the founders and director of the Jewish
Museum in Greece from 1977 until 1993. During that time he was
responsible for creating the basic collection of the museum consisting
of religious, ethnic and historical artifacts-the sole remnants of a
2,400 year Jewish presence in Greece. He is the author of several
books of Judeo-Greek Interest including an important guide to "Jewish
Sites and Synagogues of Greece", a book on Judaeo-Greek cookery,
"Cookbook of the Jews of Greece" and several other works. He has also
followed a seperate career as a painter and illustrator and his works
have been exhibited widely in the USA, UK, Europe and Israel. Of
lesser importance to the reader, he was my ancient history teacher in
Letters of Philip II, King of Spain
'Philip II, King of Spain - The Cuatro Villas de la Costa, Spain. A
large and important collection of letters and other documents, almost
all signed by the King, mainly to Diego de Orellana de Chaves,
Corregidor of the Four Towns of the Sea on Spain's North Coast, on the
naval war against England and France, etc.
Spain (chiefly the various residences of the Court; Santander, Laredo,
etc.), various dates from 20 November 1591 to 10 July 1597...'
Mad Scientists' Network.
'MadSci Network represents a collective cranium of scientists
providing answers to your questions. For good measure we provide a
variety of oddities and other ends as well. '
Rapanui: The Edmunds/Bryan Photograph Collection.
'Henry P. Edmunds and William A. Bryan were both photographers of the
early 20th century. Although they lived very different lives, they
shared the experience of Rapanui, or Easter Island, during the early
1900s. Both of them took remarkable photographs documenting Rapanui's
archaeological wonders and everyday life, and some of these fascinating
images are presented here.'
Murals and Sculptures by Jean Charlot.
'Born in Paris, Louis Henri Jean Charlot (1898-1979) was descended
from those he would later refer to as "sundry exotic ancestors" (Charlot
1954:99). His father, Henri, was a French businessman, free-thinker and
Bolshevik sympathizer born and reared in Russia. Anna, his mother, an
artist and a devout Catholic, was the daughter of Louis Goupil, a
native of Mexico City...'
Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen.
The autobiography of
the last Queen of Hawaii.
extinct crater or mountain which forms the background to the city of
Honolulu is known as the Punch-Bowl; at its base is situated the Queen's
Hospital, so named because of the great interest taken in its erection by
Emma, the queen of Kamehameha IV. Funds for the cause were solicited by
the reigning sovereigns in person, and the hospital building was completed
in 1860. Very near to its site, on Sept. 2, 1838, I was born...'
Fifty Years as a Center of Our Lives:
College/University of Hawaii 1907-57.
'On 6 November 2002, The University of Hawaii at Manoa rededicated
Hamilton Library following the construction of phase III and the
renovation of phases I and II. As part of the celebration, the
University Archives mounted an exhibit documenting the early years
of the Manoa campus and focussing upon the role the University played
in the lives of students, faculty and staff. '
'The Social Movements Collection consists of pamphlets, brochures, and
periodicals about the labor movement in the United States as well as
global radical political movements, including anarchism, communism,
and fascism. The bulk of this collection was acquired by the University
of Hawaii at Manoa Library in 1966 from Eugene Bechtold, a bookseller and
former instructor at the Chicago Worker's School. Mr. Bechtold began
collecting this material in the 1920s. The collection also includes
items from the collection of John Reineke.'
'At the beginning of the 20th century Hawaii sugar plantation owners began
to recruit laborers of European background. Former Secretary of the
Territory of Hawaii and Director of the Bureau of Immigration, Alatau L.C.
Atkinson, and a somewhat questionable Russian entrepreneur A. V.
Perelestrous, traveled to Harbin, Manchuria to recruit Russian workers,
primarily from the area around Vladivostok. Perhaps as many as 2,000
Russians and Ukrainians came to Hawaii...'
Biologist, writer, ecologist, author of
'Silent Spring' -
'she challenged the practices of agricultural scientists and the
government, and called for a change in the way humankind viewed the
"The more clearly we can focus our attention on
the wonders and realities of the universe about us,
the less taste we shall have for destruction."
The Takao Club.
'The Takao Club website presents a collection of fully illustrated
explorations into the history and culture of Taiwan (Formosa), with
particular focus on Takao (Takow, Kaohsiung). The site includes pages on
Robert Swinhoe, Father Fernando Sainz, Mona Rudao, Lin Shao-mao, the
ShaoChuanTou area of Kaohsiung, as well as on Camphor, Opium, Foxes and
Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe. 19th century
eccentric British flat earther.
'Samuel Birley Rowbotham, under the pseudonym 'Parallax', lectured for
two decades up and down Britain promoting his unique flat earth theory.
This book, in which he lays out his world system, went through three
editions, starting with a 16 page pamphlet published in 1849 and a
second edition of 221 pages published in 1865. The third edition of 1881
(which had inflated to 430 pages) was used as the basis of this etext. '
'Carthedral is a 1971 Cadillac hearse modified with 1959 Cadillac
tailfins. Welded on top is a VW beetle and metal armatures with fiber
glass. Carthedral is a rolling Gothic Cathedral complete with flying
buttresses, stained glass pointed windows, and gargoyles. Carthedral was
designed and built by Rebecca Caldwell.'
'Art can neither be good or bad, only interesting or boring, says Eddie
Breen, the leading practitioner of piggyback art. He takes paintings
that he considers boring or incomplete, and inserts nuns, flying
jesuses, flame people, or demons, changing the meaning of the
composition in ways to suit his visions, to coopt the elements and
create his own worlds.'
Picturing Business in America.
'You've probably seen them. Maybe you've wondered about them. First
invented in 1979, The Wall Street Journal's distinctive portrait heads,
known as "hedcuts" or "dot-drawings" have attained the status of an
American icon, readily identifiable with one of the country's best-known
'In the spring of 2002, The Wall Street Journal donated a group of
hedcuts, representing some of the United States's foremost business
leaders of recent years, to the National Portrait Gallery. These
portrait drawings, based on photographs, attest to The Journal's
interest in the "primacy of the individual in both political and social
systems." Dedicated to preserving American history by collecting
portraits of women and men who have significantly influenced our
culture, the National Portrait Gallery welcomes this gift, which helps
to chronicle the history of business in our nation. '
Little Cowpuncher: Rural School Newspaper of
'Little Cowpuncher was the name of a mimeographed school newspaper,
written and illustrated by Anglo and Mexican-American ranch children. It
appeared from 1932 to 1943 at five different rural schools in Southern
Arizona, where Eulalia Bourne was the teacher. '
'A favorite classic childhood toy made
from something as ordinary as a pair of socks-
how wonderfully creative!'
'The Language Museum is a linguistic website which offers the samples of
2000 languages in the world. Every sample includes 4 parts: (1) a sample
image, (2) an English translation, (3) the speaking countries and
populations, (4) the language's family and branch. '
The Wesleys and Their Times.
'John Wesley is the founder of Methodism. His brother Charles wrote over
9000 hymns and poems. Don't miss the Methodist historical pictures in
our online library. '
Art Gallery -
'a showcase for painters from the former Soviet Union. We offer some of
the finest examples of Russian, Ukrainian and other Realist,
Impressionist and Contemporary paintings. '
Yuan Ming Yuan (Garden of Perfect Brightness.
'History's most magnificent garden, the great Yuan Ming Yuan (Garden of
Perfect Brightness), was tragically burned in 1860. Built by six
generations of Qing emperors, the garden spanned a three-hundred-fifty
hectare area with a fairyland of hills, ponds, lakes, ancient trees and
palaces filled with one and half centuries of imperial treasure
Children of Resistance. (1988) Children in South
Africa's anti-apartheid movement. ANC site.
'This basic moral evil can never end until apartheid itself is
destroyed, and it was that knowledge which brought the children of
Soweto out onto the streets over ten years ago, with no weapons in their
hands. The only weapon they had was the moral rightness of their cause.
They were met as always by naked force...'
Hooves & Rails: A History of the Tucson Street
'In the late nineteenth century, Tucson was a growing town with a strong
desire to project a metropolitan image.'
'One key to continued development was the establishment of dependable
public transportation to move Tucsonans around their newly bustling
city. This is the story of the first streetcar line: the horse-drawn
Tucson Street Railway.'
Sabino Canyon: Our Desert Oasis.
'Sabino Canyon is one of Southern Arizona's natural treasures. Fed by
the waters of Sabino Creek and sheltered by the canyon walls, the plants
and animals that inhabit the canyon offer an interesting contrast to
those found in the surrounding desert. The shade and cool water attract
visitors year-round. This exhibit invites you to take a virtual hike
through Sabino Canyon.'
A Heritage of Loving Service: The Sisters of St.
Joseph of Carondelet in Tucson, Arizona.
'Among the pioneers that came to Tucson in the 1870's were seven Sisters
of St. Joseph of Carondelet. They opened a school next to San Agustín
Church for the children of Tucson and three years later one for the
native American children at the San Xavier Mission. Later the parochial
school was put under the direction of the Sisters and an orphanage was
begun. In 1880, they took in the first patients at St. Mary's Hospital
caring for the sick and injured of the Southern Pacific Railroad, County
patients, and all who came. '
'This World Wide Web exhibit offers a digital history and tribute to the
Sisters' contributions in Tucson and the region. Much of its content was
contributed by Sister Alberta Cammack, CSJ. Sister Alberta is the
foremost historian on the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet in the
U.S. Southwest and has written a number of short histories that appear
in this site.'
Historical Centre. Many interesting bits and
John Ford remembers filming Battle of Midway.
'Recollections of Commander John Ford, USNR, Oscar-winning Hollywood
producer and Chief of the Field Photographic Branch of the Office of
Strategic Services (OSS), concerning his experiences making combat
motion pictures under battle conditions. His film of the Battle of
Midway subsequently became a popular movie feature.'
Cornell Woolrich, Father of Noir Fiction.
'Born December 4, 1903, with the given name of Cornell George Hopley-
Woolrich, the author most notably known for penning the short story that
the Alfred Hitchcock movie, "Rear Window", was based on, was a pioneer
of what has become to be known as noir fiction with his numerous novels
and short fiction originally published in the pulp magazines of the
30's, 40's and 50's. '
'A protege of F. Scott Fitzgerald, his first novels were penned in the
same vein, but later he found his true calling writing crime noir
fiction, with many of his stories thrusting the main character of the
story into situations totally out of his control.'
'Cornell Woolrich's life was as tragic as some of his stories, as he
lived most of his life with his mother, in hotels, an alcoholic and a
sexually conflicted and tormented individual.'
Tito, the late president of Yugoslavia - very funny satire
on a personality cult. Brilliant speeches and
The Kunta Kinte - Alex Haley Foundation.
The subject and the author of 'Roots'.
'According to research done by Alex Haley, Kunta Kinte was an African
from The Gambian town of Jufferee. According to Haley family history he
was sold into slavery in a town called "Naplis."'
'Haley's research identified a slave ship, the Lord Ligonier, which
salied from Gambia River, July 5, 1767, with 140 captured Gambians. It
arrived in Annapolis, Maryland on September 29, 1767, with only 98
survivors. Haley believed one of those survivors was a seventeen-year-
old Kunta Kinte...'
'Greetings in the name of God/Goddess, the ancestors, and all the lwa!
Welcome to the Vodou tradition. I am Mambo Racine Sans Bout, Mambo
asogwe of the Vodou.'
Ball of Dirt.
A community for world travellers - photographs,
'This site lets anyone share their travel photos, stories and
experiences on the web - for FREE! Friends can see where you are with
maps, photos, blurbs and receive emails as you move around
automaticlally - no need to write long boring group emails... You can
also explore the world, read about new places and get the inside story
from real travellers!'
An Asian Journey. (Time magazine)
Across the continent by train. Travelogues and
'A collection of socialist realist painting from the former Ukrainian
White in Wuthering Heights.
Etchings inspired by Emily Bronte.
'In creating these etchings, I have tried not only to capture some of
the extreme emotions which Bronte evokes, but also to encompass the
cerebral enquiry that is at the heart of this extraordinary novel. '
'The Retrocomputing Museum is dedicated to programs that induce
sensations that hover somewhere between nostalgia and nausea - the
freaks, jokes, and fossils of computing history. Our exhibits include
many languages, some machine emulators, and a few games.'
'Most are living history - environments that were once important, but
are now merely antiques. A few never previously existed except as
thought experiments or pranks. Most, we hope, convey the hacker spirit -
and if not that, then at least a hint of what life was like back when
programmers were real men and sheep were nervous.'
Travels around North America, photographs from inside
a garbage can. A commendable initiative.
'Between the years of 1824 and 1876, Texas was at times a part of the
United States of Mexico, an independent republic, and a state within the
United States . Beginning in 1824, what we now know as Texas passed
through many iterations-each with founding documents that can be
accessed on this site. These founding documents legally established the
entity of Texas, set forth the rights and responsibilities of its
people, and defined the scope and powers of its government.'
Home on the
'Ranches.org is home for several Texas Panhandle Ranches headquartered
in Amarillo. These cattle companies are committed to improving the
land, maintaining a diversity of wildlife and flora, while producing a
quality beef product and profitability for the owners. Particular care
is given to stocking rates, pasture resting and water. Grass and water
are a rancher's assets. Both are renewable and allow continuous
production of a high quality protein, if a rancher takes care of them.
Ranchers are temporary stewards of the land and the livestock and their
survival depends upon quality care of both.'
Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the
'According to his famous autobiography, written in 1789, Olaudah Equiano
(c.1745-1797) was born in what is now Nigeria. Kidnapped and sold into
slavery in childhood, he was taken as a slave to the New World. As a
slave to a captain in the Royal Navy, and later to a Quaker merchant, he
eventually earned the price of his own freedom by careful trading and
saving. As a seaman, he travelled the world, including the
Mediterranean, the Caribbean, the Atlantic and the Arctic, the latter in
an abortive attempt to reach the North Pole ... '
'We work with a network of organizations based in different countries in
Africa, initiating and supporting civil society activities for human
rights, democracy, and peace in Africa. '
Images of Native Americans.
'The Bancroft Library houses one the world's finest collections of
research materials relating to the history of California and the
American West, and this exhibition presents a selection of visual
materials relating to Native Americans. The panorama of images selected
includes illustrations from rare books, pamphlets, journals, pulp
magazines, newspapers, and ephemera in addition to selections of
original photographs, including stereographs, lantern slides, and
Looking Backward, Looking Forward: Visions of the
'Looking Backward: 2000-1887, a utopian novel written at the end of the
19th century by Edward Bellamy depicts a society with a more ideal
communal order and organization. The utopian novel provides a vehicle
not only for examination of the foibles and defects of society, but also
for suggestion of reform or a better way that humanity might proceed.
Bellamy's Looking Backward serves as a springboard to ideas formulated
in this exhibition which looks at the journey taken by the state of
California during the last 150 years...'
The Lehmers at Berkeley.
'The professional careers of the Lehmer Family have been intimately tied
to the University of California at Berkeley for a century. Derrick
Norman Lehmer joined the mathematics faculty at Berkeley in 1900, and
later served as Chair of the Department. Son Derrick Henry (Dick, as he
was known to friends and family) received a bachelor's degree in Physics
at Berkeley, and later continued the Berkeley tradition of the family as
professor and Chair of the Mathematics Department. Emma Trotskaia
received her B.A. degree in Mathematics from Berkeley with honors in
1928, and met her future husband through his father, her employer in the
Mathematics Department ... '
International Symbiosis Society.
'Founded at Woods Hole, Massachusetts in April of 1997, the
International Symbiosis Society is primarily involved with the promotion
of research and education in the growing field of symbiosis. '
'Maine's statewide online
museum, archive, and educational resource.'
'These pages are devoted to the description of traditional Yorkshire
dialect. Although some reference is made to the modern administration
areas of North, East and South Yorkshire, the variation in dialect is
discussed in terms of the three Ridings ... '
Emile Henry 1872-94.
'On May 21, 1894 22 year-old Emile Henry went to the guillotine, his
last words being: "Courage camarades! Vive l'anarchie!" Henry was the
third in a series of French anarchists executed after carrying out
"propaganda of the deed," after Ravachol in 1892 and Auguste Vaillant
earlier in 1894. He was to be followed by Santo Caserio, an Italian -
born anarchist who was to assassinate President Sadi Carnot on June 24,
1894. All were motivated by the same ideal, and all acted as if, as
Ravachol said: "All that is needed...is a shove...and the revolution
will take place." Henry's background, however, differed from that of the
Topics on the Ramayana.
'The story of Sri Ramachandra, the prince of Ayodhya is the one most
often told in India. Rama was the eldest son of king Dasharatha who had
three wives. The youngest of the wives Kaikeyi tricked the king into
making her son as the descendent to the throne and made Rama go to the
forest in relinquishment...'
Bureau of Public Secrets. Situationism.
Situationist International Anthology.
'Ken Knabb's translations from the notorious group that helped trigger
the May 1968 revolt in France. Articles, film scripts and internal
documents by Guy Debord, Raoul Vaneigem, etc., from the situationists'
early experiments in cultural subversion and urban "psychogeography" to
their lucid analyses of the Watts riot, the Vietnam war, the Prague
Spring, the Chinese "Cultural Revolution" and other crises and upheavals
of the sixties. Newly revised and expanded. '
American Notes: Travels in America 1750-1920.
'American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920 comprises 253 published
narratives by Americans and foreign visitors recounting their travels in
the colonies and the United States and their observations and opinions
about American peoples, places, and society from about 1750 to 1920.
Also included is the thirty-two-volume set of manuscript sources
entitled Early Western Travels, 1748-1846, published between 1904 and
1907 after diligent compilation by the distinguished historian and
secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society Reuben Gold Thwaites ... '
Ship of Fools.
The magazine of Christian unrest. Includes guides
to churches around the world ('The Mystery
Worshipper'), a Biblical curse generator,
Buffalo Soldiers on the Western Frontier.
'Over 180,000 African-Americans served in the Union Army during the
Civil War. Of these, more than 33,000 died. After the war, the future of
African-Americans in the U.S. Army was in doubt. In July1866, however,
Congress passed legislation establishing two cavalry and four infantry
regiments (later consolidated to two) whose enlisted composition was to
be made up of African-Americans. The majority of the new recruits had
served in all Black units during the war. The mounted regiments were the
9th and 10th Cavalries, soon nicknamed Buffalo Soldiers by the Cheyenne
and Comanche. Until the early 1890s they constituted 20 percent of all
cavalry forces on the American frontier ... '
Varlam Shalamov 1907-82.
Soviet dissident writer.
'Varlam Tikhonovich Shalamov was born in Vologda, Russia on June 18,
1907. His father was an orthodox minister and his mother was a teacher.
In 1926 Shalamov entered Moscow University where he studied law. Around
this time, he joined a group of Trotskyites. This involvement lead to
Shalamov's first arrest in 1929 where he was sentenced to three years of
hard labor in Solovki, an island converted from an Orthadox monastery to
a Soviet work camp. He began to publish writing in 1932. During the
purges, Shalamov was arrested again, charged with, "counter-
revolutionary Trotskyite activities." This time Shalamov was sent to
Kolyma. Kolyma has been called "the land of white death." Conservative
estimates calculcate that 35 percent of the prisoners died in the Kolyma
camps per year ... '
Citizen King. PBS film on Martin
'Memorial in August 1963, when a 34-year-old preacher galvanized
millions with his dream for an America free of racism. It comes to a
bloody end almost five years later, on a motel balcony in Memphis,
'In the years since those events unfolded, the man at their center, Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., has become a mythic figure, a minister whose
oratory is etched into the minds of millions of Americans, a civil
rights activist whose words and image are more hotly contested,
negotiated and sold than almost anyone else's in American history.'
'Citizen King pushes past the myths that have obscured King's story to
reclaim the history of a people's leader. Using the personal
recollections, diaries, letters, and eyewitness accounts of friends,
family, journalists, law enforcement officers and historians, this film
brings fresh insights to King's difficult journey, his charismatic -- if
at times flawed -- leadership, and his truly remarkable impact. '
The Edmund Burke Collection.
'1729-97, British political writer and statesman, b. Dublin, Ireland.-
Burke left, in his many and diverse writings, a monumental construction
of British political thought that had far-reaching influence in England,
America, and France for many years.'
"When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one
by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle."
'On 15 August 1750 one of the most radical socialist atheists of all
times was born in Paris. Sylvain Maréchal, a poet whose Manifest of the
Equals was too much even for the egalitarian
conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf, was the author of an Almanach des
Honnętes Gens, in which he proposed a new calendar replacing the names
of the Saints with those of the "benefactors of humanity" --
philosophers, writers and scientists. '
The Cellular Cosmogony, by Koresh (Cyrus
Reed Teed), 1922.
'Teed, born in 1839 in upstate New York, served with the Union Army, and
later became a herbalist and studied alchemy. In 1869 Teed had a vision
in his laboratory, in which a beautiful woman spoke to him and revealed
that he was to become a messiah, and reveal the true cosmogony to the
world. Teed took the name Koresh (not to be confused with David Koresh
of Waco). He preached that belief in the concavity of the Earth is
equivalent to godliness. He proclaimed, "All that is opposed to
Koreshanity is antichrist". After touring widely preaching Koreshanity,
he settled in Chicago, and started a communal society, as well as a
periodical, The Flaming Sword. Koreshanity, at its height, had a few
thousand followers. In the 1890s Teed founded the town of Estero,
Florida, near Ft. Meyers, and declared it the coming capital of the
world. His followers prepared for eight million believers to show up.
Only two hundred did. '
'This journal has become the Survival of New Orleans blog. In less
perilous times it was simply a blog for me to talk smack and chat with
friends. Now this journal exists to share firsthand experience of the
disaster and its aftermath with anyone interested. '
USS Missouri: Selected Views.
'USS Missouri, a 45,000 ton Iowa class battleship built by the New York
Navy Yard, was commissioned on 11 June 1944. She spent the remainder of
that year preparing for combat, transiting to the Pacific in November.
Arriving in the war zone in January 1945, Missouri supported the Iwo Jima
invasion, the Ryukyus campaign and raids on Japan's home islands during
the following months. In May, she became Third Fleet flagship and was the
site of the 2 September 1945 Japanese surrender ceremony that ended World
UNESCO's Slave Trade Archives.
'UNESCO has launched the Slave Route Project in 1994. It aims to break
a silence and make universally known the issue of the transatlantic slave
trade and slavery, its causes and dramatic results, by means of scientific
Art of the First Fleet.
'On 13 May 1787 eleven ships, now commonly referred to as The First Fleet,
set sail from Portsmouth to establish a colony in New South Wales,
Australia. They reached their destination on 18 January 1788, 18 years
after Captain James Cook had first landed on the east coast of Australia
at Botany Bay. One of the unplanned but long-lasting outcomes of this
event was the large number of outstanding drawings of aboriginal people,
the environment and wildlife found on arrival as well as of the early
foundation of the colony.' Via
William Gedney Photographs and Writings.
'From the mid 1950s through the early 1980s, William Gedney (1932-1989)
photographed throughout the United States, in India, and in Europe. From
the commerce of the street outside his Brooklyn apartment to the daily
chores of unemployed coal miners, from the indolent lifestyle of hippies
in Haight-Ashbury to the sacred rituals of Hindu worshippers, Gedney was
able to record the lives of others with remarkable clarity and
poignancy. These photographs, along with his notebooks and writings,
illuminate the rare vision of an intensely private man who, as a writer
and photographer, was able to reveal the lives of others with striking
sensitivity. Included here are selections from Gedney's finished prints,
work prints, contact sheets, notes, notebooks, handmade photographic
books, book dummies, and correspondence.'
Biographies of Arthurian Characters.
'Brief sketches of the lives and deeds of the best known characters in
the history and legend of King Arthur and some of the historians who
wrote about him. '
Hispano Music & Culture from the Northern Rio Grande.
'Hispano Music and Culture of the Northern Rio Grande: The Juan B. Rael
Collection is an online presentation of a multi-format ethnographic
field collection documenting religious and secular music of Spanish-
speaking residents of rural Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado.
In 1940, Juan Bautista Rael of Stanford University, a native of Arroyo
Hondo, New Mexico, used disc recording equipment supplied by the Archive
of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American
Folklife Center) to document alabados (hymns), folk drama, wedding
songs, and dance tunes. The recordings included in the Archive of Folk
Culture collection were made in Alamosa, Manassa, and Antonito,
Colorado, and in Cerro and Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico. In addition to
these recordings, the collection includes manuscript materials and
publications authored by Rael which provide insight into the rich
musical heritage and cultural traditions of this region. '
Cowboy Photographer: Erwin E. Smith.
'Erwin E. Smith (1886-1947) always wanted to be a cowboy and an artist.
When he was a boy growing up in Bonham, a town in Fannin County in North
Texas, the era of the great trail drives was over, and he feared that
the old ways of the cowboy were disappearing. However, the legend and
myth of the cowboy was just beginning. Popular literature, art by
Frederic Remington and Charles M. Russell, and the fledgling film
industry promoted a romantic, yet often inaccurate, image of the cowboy.
For his part, Smith resolved to honor the life of the cowboy by
presenting as true a portrayal as possible. '
The Englart Family - A Radical Family Portrait.
'Since the 1920s at least three generations of the Englart family have
been involved with radical social change in Australia. This informal
history of certain family members also documents the social history of
Australia since the 1920s. In Vince Englart's essay on the family we
learn some of the social history of Australia back to the 1850's when
the Englarts first arrived from Germany. The story of the Englarts is an
important and continuing contribution to the realisation of a more
socially just, equitable, peaceful and democratic society in Australia.
Penda of Mercia -
'a 7th-century King of Mercia, a kingdom in what is today the English
Midlands. A pagan at a time when Christianity was taking hold in many
of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, Penda participated in the defeat of the
powerful Northumbrian king Edwin at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in
John Henry - The Steel Driving Man.
'Though the story of John Henry sounds like the quintessential tall tale,
it is certainly based, at least in part, on historical circumstance.
There are disputes as to where the legend originates. Some place John
Henry in West Virginia, while recent research suggests Alabama. Still,
all share a similar back-story.'
'In order to construct the railroads, companies hired thousands of men
to smooth out terrain and cut through obstacles that stood in the way
of the proposed tracks. One such chore that figures heavily into some
of the earliest John Henry ballads is the blasting of the Big Bend
Tunnel -- more than a mile straight through a mountain in West
'Steel-drivin' men like John Henry used large hammers and stakes to
pound holes into the rock, which were then filled with explosives that
would blast a cavity deeper and deeper into the mountain. In the folk
ballads, the central event took place under such conditions. Eager to
reduce costs and speed up progress, some tunnel engineers were using
steam drills to power their way into the rock. According to some accounts,
on hearing of the machine, John Henry challenged the steam drill to a
contest. He won, but died of exhaustion, his life cut short by his own
superhuman effort. '
The Max Schachtman Archive.
'A major figure in the American Trotskyist movement beginning in the
1930's. Leader of the minority section of the Socialist Workers Party
that split with Trotsky over the analysis of Russia and formed, in 1940,
the Workers Party (eventually the Independent Socialist League). Later,
in the late 1950s, the ISL merged with the Socialist Party. '
'For six years Earth Garden has been watching the strawbale building
phenomenon grow in Australia and New Zealand, as people embrace this
innovative and sensible building method, whether for its environmental,
aesthetic or economic advantages over traditional building methods. '