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28th April

Hawaii's Last Queen.
'On January 16, 1893, four boatloads of United States Marines armed with Gatling guns and hundreds of rounds of ammunition came ashore in Honolulu, capital of the independent Kingdom of Hawaii. As the Royal Hawaiian band played a concert at the Hawaiian Hotel, 162 troops marched through the streets of Honolulu, heading for the palace. The Queen of Hawaii, Lili'uokalani, looked down from her balcony as the troops took up their positions...'

The Search for a Northwest Passage.
'Since Columbus encountered the land barrier of America in 1492, many explorers have ventured into the inhospitable Arctic regions in search of the Northwest Passage, a navigable channel that was believed to connect the North Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. The search is a long chapter of failure, disaster, and tragedy, but also of heroism and endurance, and four frustrating centuries would pass before the goal would finally be achieved...'

The Mabinogion.
'The Mabinogion is a cycle of Welsh legends collected in the Red Book of Hergest, a manuscript which is in the library of Oxford University. Mabinogion means 'tales of youth'; although this appellation only applies to a few of the stories, Lady Guest appropriated it as the title of this book, and The Mabinogion is now used as the name of the entire collection. The stories are based on historical characters and incidents from the dark ages in Wales and environs, embellished with supernatural and folklore elements. Throughout there are echoes of primordial Celtic mythology and folklore, including the ancient gods and goddesses. '

Civil War Letters of the Christie Family.
'In 1861, two brothers, having just purchased a farm in Southern Minnesota, enlisted in the First Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery. Although neither expected a long tour of duty, William and Thomas Christie served in the First Minnesota Battery through June 1865. Their younger brother, Alexander, enlisted in an infantry regiment in fall 1864.'
'All three brothers were excellent writers, and each wrote extensively while in the Army. Their letters, full of revealing observations on war, society, and contemporary politics, are contained within the James C. Christie and family papers at the Minnesota Historical Society.'

Oroitzapenak: Voices from Basque America.
'Over the years several scholars have recorded interviews with Basque people in the American West for various research projects. Many of these tapes are now archived in the Basque Studies Library at the University of Nevada, Reno and at the Basque Museum and Cultural Center in Boise, Idaho. The goal of this collaborative project is to transform these interviews into a medium that makes them more accessible to the public. The next step entails the systematic gathering of interviews with people whose stories have yet to be chronicled.'

September 11 2001 Documentary Project.
'The September 11, 2001, Documentary Project captures the heartfelt reactions, eyewitness accounts, and diverse opinions of Americans and others in the months that followed the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93. Patriotism and unity mixed with sadness, anger, and insecurity are common themes expressed in this online presentation of almost 200 audio and video interviews, 45 graphic items, and 21 written narratives.'

Sex Life of the Date.
'Dr. Naomi F. Miller, archaeobotanist at the Museum, recently exposed some hidden aspects of an ancient artifact.'
'When asked to identify the gold plant-like ornaments from Lady Puabi's diadem (headdress), she noticed that they had been mounted upside down. '
'By flipping the ornaments and allowing them to hang as pendants, Miller discovered that these ornaments represented the male and female branches of the date palm. This turnabout upended a long-standing assumption that the ornaments represented ears of grain or a fruiting bush. '

strange and curious creatures. Thanks, Jason!

The Kwan Family - also spelled as Quan, Kuan, Guan, Kuon, Quon, Kwuan, Cuan. History of a Chinese clan.

A Window to Newar Culture. The culture of the Kathmandu valley.

George Bernard Shaw.

Tennessee Documentary History 1796-1850.

The Alaska Pipeline.
'In the early weeks of 1968, after a decade-long search for oil in Alaska's frozen wilderness, gas burst up out of an exploratory well on the North Slope with such force the crew thought it was about to blow. Geologists soon calculated that as much as ten billion barrels of oil lay below the frozen tundra of Prudhoe Bay -- the largest oil find in North America...'

Clinton Presidential Materials Project.

27th April

Golden Gate Bridge.
'On May 27, 1937, 200,000 people thronged to the newly-completed Golden Gate Bridge and walked, climbed, skated or cycled across. After 18 years of struggles to complete the bridge, San Francisco's jubilance was unrestrained. There was a tap dancer, a tuba player and a woman determined to be the first to walk its length with her tongue out...'

Minnesota Maps Online. Historic maps.

Hawaiian Ghosts and Ghost-Gods.

The Samoan Story of Creation.

Secret Societies of the Middle Ages.

Basque Tree Carvings.

Hong Kong Cinema.

Indian Music.

Chernobyl's Ghost Villages. Photo-essay.

History of FurryMUCK. A large, old online furry community.

Legacies: UK Local History Close to You.

Galaxy Wars. Astro image.

25th April

A Garment Worker's Legacy: The Joe Fishstein Collection of Yiddish Poetry.

The Writings of Charles Darwin on the Web.

India: Pioneering Photographers 1850-1900.

The Nepali Times. 'This wasn't so much a victory of the parties or the Maoists, it was a victory of the people...'
'The power of people literally made sense to me today'; "Will they beat us?" - Nine-year-old Pratikshya Gurung finds herself in prison; what's it like to live in a war zone in Nepal?; some stories of the disappeared; the human rights of the Kumari 'living goddess' - 'How to reconcile a little girl's rights with the need to protect a national tradition'.
Background to the Nepalese Civil War.

French Revolutionary Pamphlets.

Odd Books. From 'Parables from Stamps' to 'Moles and Their Meaning' to 'The Leftist ESP Conspiracy'.

Wandering Scribe. 'Feb, 2006. For the past five months I have been living alone in a car at the edge of the woods - jobless and homeless and totally unable to find a way out of it. I can't sing, I can't dance, I can't scream loudly enough, alI I can do is write. So here I am laying down tracks...hopefully the start of an online paper trail out of here. '

The Rockefellers.
'For decades, the Rockefeller name was despised in America-associated with John D. Rockefeller Sr.'s feared monopoly, Standard Oil. By the end of his life, Rockefeller had given away half his fortune-but even his vast philanthropy could not erase the memory of his predatory business practices. His only son, John D. Rockefeller Jr., would dedicate his life to recasting the family image...'

Killing the Buddha. 'Killing the Buddha is a religion magazine for people made anxious by churches... ' It's also a Zen koan.

Caught in the storm.

Nebulae. Astro image galleries.

The Quentin Tarantino Archives.

Samuel P. Goddard Papers Online.
'Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr. served as the 12th governor of the state of Arizona from 1965 to 1967. While his tenure as governor was brief, Goddard has continued to play an important role in Arizona politics as the chairman of the Arizona State Democratic Committee and as a member of the Central Arizona Water Conservation District Board of Directors...'

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
'In 1838, the United States government forcibly removed more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (today known as Oklahoma). The impact to the Cherokee was devastating. Hundreds of Cherokee died during their trip west, and thousands more perished from the consequences of relocation. This tragic chapter in American and Cherokee history became known as the Trail of Tears, and culminated the implementation of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which mandated the removal of all American Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River to lands in the West...'

Orlando Furioso.
'Orlando Furioso, Ludovico Ariosto's 16th century epic Italian poem, is a sequel to Orlando Innamorato, an earlier work by Matteo Maria Boiardo. The titular Orlando is very loosely based on Roland, a heroic knight in Charlemagne's court, with admixtures from Arthurian and other sources. Orlando is driven insane with love for the beautful Angelica, and must be restored to sanity in time to save Paris from the Moslem armies...'

Duluth Lynchings Online Resource.
'The Duluth Lynchings Online Resource provides an opportunity to remember and learn from this tragic incident in Minnesota history. With the activities of the Clayton, Jackson, McGhie Memorial Committee (CJMMC) - a citizen group dedicated to the remembrance of the three lynching victims - and the Duluth Branch of the NAACP, the lynchings have begun to be studied more extensively. The 2000 publication of Michael Fedo's The Lynchings in Duluth by the MHS Press has also spurred new interest in the lynchings. The Minnesota Historical Society now presents this web site to provide an in-depth and scholarly resource of primary source materials on the subject, designed also for those unfamiliar with this tragic event...'

Circuit Chautauqua in the Twentieth Century.

Graphic Design from the 1920s and 1930s in Travel Ephemera.

Building the Alaska Highway.
'In May of 1942, across the rugged sub-Arctic wilderness of Alaska, British Columbia, and Yukon Territory, thousands of American soldiers began one of the biggest and most difficult construction projects ever undertaken -- the building of the Alaska Highway...'

Vermeer and the Delft School. Art.

Harajuku Girls. Photo-essay.
'Harajuku is a district in the Shibuya ward of Tokyo situated next to the Meiji Jingu shrine. A nearby bridge over the Yamanote railway line is the hot spot for some of the most imaginative and bizarre manifestations of youthful exuberance found anywhere in Japan.'

A Couple of Bachelor Parties of Note. Entertaining tales, not for the faint of heart.

24th April

The Chinese in California 1850-1925.
'The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 illustrates nineteenth and early twentieth century Chinese immigration to California through about 8,000 images and pages of primary source materials. Included are photographs, original art, cartoons and other illustrations; letters, excerpts from diaries, business records, and legal documents; as well as pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, sheet music, and other printed matter. '

Fidel Castro.
'Castro's face with its trademark beard, has become an iconic image worldwide, yet the man himself remains an enigma to all but a few. Through interviews with relatives, childhood friends, fellow rebel leaders, Bay of Pigs veterans, human rights activists and journalists, American Experience: Fidel Castro constructs an intimate and revealing portrait of the most resilient of leaders. '

London Genealogy. Has a nice collection of 19th century newspaper reports and illustrations.

Seattle Strikes! 1919 and 1934.
'On January 21, 1919 months after the end of World War I, the Metal Trades Council in Seattle's shipyards declared a strike over a wage dispute. The Seattle Central Labor Council voted two days later to join the metal workers in a sympathetic general strike of the entire city, involving over 130 unions and 60,000 workers. For four days in early February 1919, the Seattle labor establishment closed down the city and captured nation-wide attention in the first city-wide general strike in U. S. history. Politicians and newspapers in the Pacific Northwest and throughout the country interpreted the action as the beginning of a Bolshevik-style revolution...'

'Using interviews with Tupperware executives and dealers from the early days and wonderful, little-seen footage of Tupperware Jubilees, this funny, probing program re-examines assumptions about American culture in the 1950s.'

Photo Tribute to Bald Men.

Babies Around the World: One Year Old.

Residences of the British Royal Family.

Eliza. An artificial intelligence to converse with.

The American Roadside. Roadside attractions.

The Prem Sagar.
'The Prem Sagar was one of the first books published in modern Hindi, written in the Delhi dialect which was eventually adopted as one of the official national languages of India. It is the tale of the deeds of Krishna, the invincible avatar of Vishnu. Based on the tenth book of the Bhagavata Purana, the Prem Sagar, which means 'Ocean of Love,' (one of Krishna's epithets) was composed by Lallu Lal between 1804 and 1810. Lallu Lal's retelling of this traditional cycle of legends of Krishna is distinguished by naturalistic dialog and frank sensuality...'

Ronald Reagan Presidential Library.

22nd April

Surviving the Dust Bowl.
'Lured by the promise of rich, plentiful soil, thousands of settlers came to the Southern Plains, bringing farming techniques that worked well in the North and East. The farmers subsequently plowed millions of acres of grassland, only to have the rains stop in the summer of 1931. The catastrophic eight-year drought that followed led observers to rename the region "The Dust Bowl." ...'

NYU and the Village: An Urban University in Bohemia.
'Welcome to the crossroads of modernity and culture; a place where artists and scholars have been meeting for well over a century: New York University and Greenwich Village...'

Japanese Architecture in Kyoto.

The Gutenberg Bible.

Robert Burns: Songs and Poems.

Buddhist Writings.

The Baseball Library. Baseball trivia.

Finnish Postcards.

Joan Miro.

Ralph Waldo Emerson: Essays and English Traits.

Faces of the Fallen. US servicepeople who have died in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Chemical Weapons Report: Toxicity by Race and Gender.
'The Citizen's Education Project and the Sunshine Project requested this report in August 2004 because its title suggests that the US Army has recently exposed people to chemical weapons (CW) agents. The report does not detail any recent human experiments, although that conclusion can only be tentative, because large portions of the report are blacked-out and parts of the D049 program are classified...'

19th April

The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci.
'We have access to hundreds of pages of his notes, jottings, sketches, doodles, and musings, including lists of books he read and even scraps of financial records. All of the known Da Vinci papers as of the mid-19th century are included here in this magnificent collection. '

Devi: The Great Goddess. Aspects of the Hindu goddess in Indian art.

The Moonlit Road. 'Ghost stories and strange folktales of the American South, told by the region's most celebrated storytellers.'

The Logic Alphabet. 'We need a better set of signs for and, or, if ...' Via MeFi.

Derelict London. 'This is not a compilation of familiar tourist sights, as another of those is hardly needed, but a depiction of an (often un-picturesque) view of everyday life in London ...'

Bodie. A ghost town in California.

Gallery of Arctic Images.

Jeannette Jehanne Jeanne Joan - Shepherdess Soldier Savior Saint. Joan of Arc.
'Joan was a farm girl who grew up in Lorraine during the Hundred Years War. She heard an archangel and two saints telling her to drive the English out of France and she convinced the yet uncrowned Charles VI that she could make him king. Given a sword, a banner, armor, and a position of command, she led French forces against the English and Burgundians in a series of surprising victories. After the king was crowned, her military successes became fewer, and she was taken prisoner at Compiègne. She was tried by the Inquisition and found guilty of heresy. On the 30th of May, 1431, she was burned alive in Rouen...'

Negro Spirituals.

The RAF Museum.

The Guatemala Documentation Project.

Fugitive Images. NYC graffiti.

The Annotated Grateful Dead Lyrics.

Spiritualist History Ephemera.

Grand Canyon National Park.

Japan: A Cultural Profile Project.

My Hideous Progeny: Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein'.

Exit Mundi: A Collection of End-of-World Scenarios.

Introduction to the Great Lakes.

Chinese Wedding Traditions.

BBC Radio 4's Thought for the Day.

Joburg's Crowded Township. Photo-essay.

The Lhasa Gtsug Lag Khang. Tibetan wood carvings.

Solace: A Textbook of Romantic Psychology.

History Time Trail Nettlesworth Primary School, County Durham.

Discover Chimpanzees!

18th April

The Kumeyaay Nation. A Native American nation of California and Mexico. Culture, language, folklore and more contemporary information.
'The Kumeyaay Nation extends from San Diego and Imperial Counties in California to 60 miles south of the Mexican border. The Kumeyaay are members of the Yuman language branch of the Hokan group...'

Postcard from Provence.
'Postcard from Provence is an ongoing project involving painting and posting a small oil painting, mostly daily, in which I try to reflect the changing seasons and light of my adoptive home in Provence.'

Down and Out in Osaka. Photo-essay.
'Osaka's Kamagasaki District is home to thousands of homeless in this sprawling industrial city. As Japan's economy continues to struggle, especially in these industrial belts, thousands of Japanese are being thrown onto the streets.'
'Photographs taken in 2000 and 2001.'

Rachel Papo: Serial Number 3817131. Photographs of Israeli female soldiers undergoing mandatory national service.
'... I decided to portray female soldiers in Israel during their mandatory military service as a way for me to revisit my own experience. I served as a photographer in the Israeli Air Force between 1988-1990. It was a period marked by continuous depression and extreme loneliness, and at the time I was too young to understand these emotions. Through a series of images showing female soldiers in army bases and outside, individually or in groups, I attempt to reveal a facet of this experience that is generally overlooked by the global community. '

Happy Easter! Editorial cartoons.

William Gedney Photographs and Writings.
'From the mid 1950s through the early 1980s, William Gedney (1932-1989) photographed throughout the United States, in India, and in Europe. From the commerce of the street outside his Brooklyn apartment to the daily chores of unemployed coal miners, from the indolent lifestyle of hippies in Haight-Ashbury to the sacred rituals of Hindu worshippers, Gedney was able to record the lives of others with remarkable clarity and poignancy...'

'Quitting my job and moving 1800 miles to be with my grandmother while she dies...Crazy? Possible?'

'Why do the letters of the alphabet occur in the particular order that they do?'

'What is the coolest / most unique / romantic marriage proposal you have ever heard of? '

'Should I contact the family of a person whose death I witnessed?'

'How can I get my hands on a Vienna phonebook from circa 1938? I will be spending a weekend in Vienna next month, and I would love to see the apartment where my late grandfather lived before fleeing the Nazis. '

'What would cause change of eye color?'

'I'd like to slip out of my wetsuit into a crisp, wrinkle free tuxedo. Is this possible?'

Stripes and Patterns: Textile Designs in Eastern Indonesia.

Fundamentals of Physical Geography. Online textbook.

Oslo's Numismatic History.

Folk Art in the Milwaukee Art Museum.

Gendercide Watch.

Absolutely Astronomy.

17th April

Brixton Local History. 'A huge series of comparative archive and modern photographs showing how Brixton has changed over the years'.

The Gentleman's Page: A Practical Guide for the 19th Century American Man.

Maithil Paintings. From the introduction :-
'Artists associated with the Janakpur Women's Development Center are earning recognition as some of the finest contemporary artists in Nepal. This exhibit celebrates the life and work of these village artists, a number of whom joined the JWDC when it was initiated in 1989... The paintings are rooted in traditions which Maithil women have passed down through generations. On the occasion of marriage or for festivals such as Deepawali, Maithil women paint lively designs on the mud walls of their houses...'

Photographs of the Din'e (Navajo).

Reclaiming the Everglades: South Florida's Natural History 1884-1934.
'Reclaiming the Everglades includes a rich diversity of unique or rare materials: personal correspondence, essays, typescripts, reports and memos; photographs, maps and postcards; and publications from individuals and the government. '

Anarchist Posters.
'The IPL has been collaborating with the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan to bring you this special display of anarchist posters from the last half of the twentieth century. In this exhibit you will see a sampling of images which chronicle the philosophies and objectives of anarchist organizations from around the world -- as expressed through the medium of the poster. '

The Four Colour Theorem.
'The Four Color Problem dates back to 1852 when Francis Guthrie, while trying to color the map of counties of England noticed that four colors sufficed. He asked his brother Frederick if it was true that any map can be colored using four colors in such a way that adjacent regions (i.e. those sharing a common boundary segment, not just a point) receive different colors...'

Akira Kurosawa. Exhibition.

Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection.
'Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection is a multi-format ethnographic field collection of traditional fiddle tunes performed by Henry Reed of Glen Lyn, Virginia. Recorded by folklorist Alan Jabbour in 1966-67, when Reed was over eighty years old, the tunes represent the music and evoke the history and spirit of Virginia's Appalachian frontier. '

The Irving Fine Collection ca. 1914-1962.
'The career of Irving Fine (1914-1962), composer, conductor, writer, and academic, is documented in the Library of Congress Music Division by approximately 4,350 items from the Irving Fine Collection. Comprising manuscript and printed music, sketchbooks, writings, personal and business correspondence, scrapbooks, programs, clippings, and sound recordings, the collection contains most of the creative work of this colleague of Aaron Copland and Leonard Bernstein.'

A Wealth of Ideas: Revelations from the Hoover Institution Archives.
'From the peace movement at the turn of the twentieth century to the freemarket consensus at the dawn of the twenty-first, the era's major wars, revolutions, tyrannies, and political and intellectual movements are made vivid in photographs and posters, artwork and film, letters and diaries, rare books and newspapers, and more. The exhibit explores the impact of such political leaders as Hitler, Stalin, Trotsky, and Mao, as well as the real-world influence of the philosophers Sidney Hook and Karl Popper, economists Friedrich von Hayek and Milton Friedman, and Nobel Prize winners Boris Pasternak and Jane Addams.'

The Battles of the Winter War. The Soviet invasion of Finland, 1939-40.

A True Story, by Lucian of Samosata.
'Widely hailed as the first science fiction story, A True Story, by Lucian of Samosata is a voyage to the edges of the universe and reason. The title is the first clue that this will be a tall tale. As much a predecessor of Douglas Adams as Jules Verne, Lucian's fantasy explores not only outer space (where he brokers war and peace between the inhabitants of the sun and moon), but also the Elysian fields, the geography of the Odyssey, and the interior of a giant whale. We get to meet Homer, Pythagoras, Socrates, and other immortals, as well as a host of bizarre creatures. The text is riddled with puns, innuendo, parody and satire; however most of this humor will escape the modern reader. Suffice it to say that this was considered pretty funny in the second century C.E.'

14th April

Harlem 1900-1940: An African-American Community.
'Harlem has long symbolized the culture of the African-American experience in 20th-century America. Its history has been well documented in photographs, literature and other media...'

Photos of Tibet in the 1940s.

Anne Frank the Writer | An Unfinished Story.
'Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank wrote short stories, fairy tales, essays, and the beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks and more than 300 loose pages, meticulously handwritten during her two years in hiding, survived the war...'

Selected Civil War Photographs. The American Civil War, that is.
'The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men. '

Mapping Religion in America.
'Let's look at a remarkable set of U.S. maps. Using 2000 Census information on a county-by-county basis, the maps focus on various aspects of religion. Each section of this post will look at a particular map.'
Some great maps illustrating differing levels of religious adherence across the US, and the distributions of the various Christian denominations, Judaism and Islam.

Zoot Suit Riots.
'In August 1942 the murder of a young Mexican-American man ignited a firestorm in the City of the Angels. In no time at all, ethnic and racial tensions that had been building up over the years boiled over. Police fanned out across the city in a dragnet that netted 600 Mexican Americans. Among those accused of murder was a young "zoot-suiter" named Hank Leyvas -- the poster boy for an entire generation of rebellious Mexican kids who refused to play by the old rules. As he and sixteen other boys headed to trial, the mood of the city turned violent. The deck was stacked against the defendants, and a verdict of guilty would spark a series of brutal riots. The convictions were ultimately overturned, but the city and its inhabitants would be forever changed.'

Icelandic Stamps.

The Call of Yama. Death in Indian culture.

Maps in Our Lives.
'The Library of Congress presents Maps in Our Lives, an exhibition in recognition of a thirty-year partnership between the Library's Geography and Map Division and the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM), the nation's primary professional organization dedicated to surveying and mapping activities. '

US Highways Virtual Travel.

The Samuel Beckett Endpage.

Eric Jiani. Outsider artist.
'Eric Jiani was born on September 14th 1957 in London, UK. and despite being diagnosed with Aspergers Syndrome and borderline autism he was 'normally' educated at the British School, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Downside Abbey in the UK, Eric lived in both countries, his mother being Brazilian and his father English.Eric is therefore fluent in both Portuguese and English... '
'... "Ever since I was a child I have always liked inventing my own imaginary world and then expressing these worlds through models, maps or drawings. It is from this basis that my art has developed, going through different phases. I now feel I am moving ever closer to finding my place in the real world." '

13th April

The September 11 Digital Archive.
'Our goal is to create a permanent record of the events of September 11, 2001. In the process, we hope to foster some positive legacies of those terrible events by allowing people to tell their stories, making those stories available to a wide audience, providing historical context for understanding those events and their consequences, and helping historians and archivists improve their practices based on the lessons we learn from this project. '

Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-38. Recording the last generation of former slaves in America before they passed away.
'Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves. These narratives were collected in the 1930s as part of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and assembled and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves. '

Vaudeville: A Dazzling Display of Heterogeneous Splendor, Designed to Educate, Edify, Amuse, and Uplift.
'American Vaudeville, more so than any other mass entertainment, grew out of the culture of incorporation that defined American life after the Civil War. The development of vaudeville marked the beginning of popular entertainment as big business, dependent on the organizational efforts of a growing number of white-collar workers and the increased leisure time, spending power, and changing tastes of an urban middle class audience. Business savvy showmen utilized improved transportation and communication technologies, creating and controlling vast networks of theatre circuits standardizing, professionalizing, and institutionalizing American popular entertainment...'

The Museum of Questionable Medical Devices.

Political Wall Murals in Northern Ireland.

Science Fiction Road Trips.

Rudolf Vrba (11 September 1924 - March 27, 2006) 'was Professor Emeritus in the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics at the University of British Columbia in Canada. He came to public attention in 1944 when, in April that year, he and Alfred Wetzler became the first two Jews to escape from the German death camp at Auschwitz in Poland, and pass information to the Allies about the mass murder that was taking place there. Vrba and Wetzler were two of only five Jews who ever escaped the camp...'

The Great American Songbook.
'Throughout a long golden era, the American movie musical transformed Hollywood into a Mecca for the biggest singing stars and leading songwriters of the '30s, '40s, and '50s. Hosted by Michael Feinstein, THE GREAT AMERICAN SONGBOOK offers a dazzling parade of American popular songs as seen and heard in some of the most beloved films ever made. With stars ranging from Al Jolson to Judy Garland to Frank Sinatra, and sounds from the Gilded Age to New Orleans jazz to Broadway musicals, THE GREAT AMERICAN SONGBOOK tells the story of the first 50 years of American popular music. '

The Geisha Mystique. Photo-essay.
'While most of Japan is forging ahead into the 21st century, some people are holding tight to their connection with the past. This relationship with ago-old customs and traditions is most evident in the city of Kyoto, once Japan's capital for more than 1,000 years. One will still finds remnants of "Hanamachi" (geisha districts) in isolated pockets of the city where maiko and geisha shuffle quickly to and from their evening appointments. For common people, Kyoto keeps the past alive through numerous events, ceremonies and annual festivals.'

Parsi Zoroastrian Project.
'Followers of the Bronze Age Prophet Zarathushtra of Iran, the Parsi - Zoroastrians are one of the distinct threads in the tapestry of multicultural India. Zoroastrians are still found in their original homeland Iran and are also spread thinly across the globe. While the Project was started with the aim of recording and reviving interest in the Parsi - Zoroastrian community in India, there has been an overwhelming response from other parts of the Indian subcontinent and the worldwide diaspora...'

John Bunyan: A Relation of My Imprisonment.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder: How to Recognise a Narcissist.
'The material on Narcissistic Personality Disorder that is published for lay readers is not very informative, even though most people have had to cope with a narcissist at one time or another. If you were raised by a narcissistic parent, then you've been taught that the narcissist is always right and you're the one who's wrong. A lifetime of such mistreatment typically instills lack of confidence in your own judgment, along with habitual shame at never getting it right or being good enough to deserve the air that you breathe. The children of narcissists may not have realized that the quirks and oddities of their impossible-to-please parents are not in any way unique or special but are in fact the symptoms of a personality disorder.'

11th April

Pictures of Murals in Los Angeles.
'I grew up on the East Coast, and L.A. appeared to be a centerless, smog-filled, undistinguished endless strip mall divided between people struggling to survive and people struggling to one-up each other. I realized that I was going to have to find something good about the place fast.'
'What I quickly found was murals. They are the only physical part of Los Angeles that makes sense; the only area where human beings try to take back part of their environment from featureless sprawl and advertising blare...'

The Electronic Museum of Mail Art. Home-made postage stamps ('artistamps') and postcards.
What is mail art? 'Term applies to art sent through the post rather than displayed or sold through conventional commercial channels, encompassing a variety of media including postcards, books, images made on photocopying machines or with rubber stamps, postage stamps designed by artists, concrete poetry and other art forms generally considered marginal. '

John James Audubon's 'Birds of America'. Online edition of an 1840 classic collection of paintings of the then known birds of North America. Sadly a number of the species catalogued are now extinct.

Olive and Eric.
'The Olive and Eric website is dedicated to a young English couple who during the Second World War were, like millions of others, separated from each other. Olive was left at home in the City of Leicester with three very young children and Eric was sent first to North Africa and then to Italy...'

Japanese Death Poems. Haiku poems written on the point of death - a tradition among Japanese haiku poets. More here.

Medical History of American Presidents.
'Reading the histories connects us to our Presidents in a very personal way. Sickness is a universal human experience. Reading about sick people makes us see them as people, and identify with them as people, not as remote figures in a history book. Just look at the picture of James Carter and think about the genetic time-bomb in his pancreas. Or look at John Tyler and imagine him enduring a mysterious paralytic illness for two long years...'

The Navigable Atlas of the Sheep Brain.

Norman Rockwell's 'Four Freedoms' Series from the Saturday Evening Post.
'Norman Rockwell's Four Freedoms series was first published in The Saturday Evening Post in 1943 during the height of World War II. The Post published the paintings as a series after the United States government declined it...'
Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, freedom from fear.

Iranian New Year in Los Angeles, which has a large Iranian population. Photo-essay. Iranian New Year was a couple of weeks ago.

Taking America to Lunch. A short history of the lunchbox.

The Writer in the Garden.
'Enter a world of real and imaginary gardens portrayed by writers through the ages. See how gardens have inspired authors and how authors in their turn have shaped notions of the garden...'

American Folklore.

Seven Warning Signs of Bogus Science.

Temples of Tamilnadu.

Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, 1918.
'The edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body features 1,247 vibrant engravings-many in color-from the classic 1918 publication, as well as a subject index with 13,000 entries ranging from the Antrum of Highmore to the Zonule of Zinn.'

The Garifuna People of Honduras.

Secret History of the Credit Card.

York Minster. Many image galleries.

Iowa Historic Sites.

South Florida Virtual Tour.

Wassily Kandinsky. Online bio and art gallery.

Statues of Lord Shiva.

Flags of the World.

How Quicksand Works.

10th April

The History of Phrenology. The Victorian 'science' of using head size and shape to measure personality, traits.

Gullah Dialect and Culture (Beaufort County, South Carolina). A dialect and culture formed of English and African languages. Gullah is spoken in the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina.
'Most of Gullah vocabulary is of English origin, but the grammar and major elements of pronunciation come from a number of West African language, such as Ewe, Mandinka, Igbo, Twi and Yoruba. The name, "Gullah", itself probably derives from "Angola" (and possibly from the large number of slaves who arrived from that part of Africa in the early 1800s). "Geechee" -- another name for the language and culture of black Sea Islanders -- comes from a tribal name in Liberia.'
Gullah phrases and prayers.

The Crown of the Sun. During a solar eclipse.
'During a total solar eclipse, the Sun's extensive outer atmosphere or corona is an awesome and inspirational sight. The subtle shades and shimmering features of the corona that engage the eye span a brightness range of over 10,000 to 1, making them notoriously difficult to capture in a single picture. But this composite of 33 digital images ranging in exposure time from 1/8000 to 1/5 second comes very close to revealing the crown of the Sun in all its glory.'

Photo Japan: Silk & Ceremony.
'Tamamura Kozaburo (1856-1923?) began in the photography business with a shop in Asakusa, Tokyo in 1874. In 1883 he moved to Yokohama and opened a studio where he prospered. He specialized in souvenir photo albums of Japan which were exported. He also conducted portrait photography in his studio. He is regarded as one of the originators of "Yokohama Shashin" (tourist photographs). It appears the zenith of his production was in the 1890s...'

Mars Exploration Rover.

Jim Loy's Arts Page. Fine online galleries of Impressionist painters, a synopsis of 'The Hound of the Baskervilles', and much more. Good collection of articles and art.

Eric Harshbarger's Lego Portfolio. A bit of fun.

Coping with Loss: Guide to Grieving and Bereavement. Mental health issues. Links to articles on depression, eating disorders, stress, abuse, anxiety, and other related subjects.

Antique Spectacles.

Paintings of India.

Critical Reading: A Guide.
'This is a guide to what you might look for in analyzing literature, particularly poetry and fiction. An analysis explains what a work of literature means, and how it means it; it is essentially an articulation of and a defense of an interpretation which shows how the resources of literature are used to create the meaningfulness of the text. There are people who resist analysis, believing that it 'tears apart' a work of art; however a work of art is an artifice, that is, it is made by someone with an end in view: as a made thing, it can be and should be analyzed as well as appreciated. '

A Word a Day. Vocabulary improving.

8th April

Nicaraguan Murals 1930-2000.

Hats Off!: A Salute to African Headwear.
'... Certain laborers, such as farmers and blacksmiths, wear special hats in recognition of their skills. Some wear hats and headdresses as emblems of their chiefly or royal status and prestige and still others wear hats to signify they have attained a certain rank as members of particular socio-political governing societies...'

Javanese Masks.
'The examples shown here form part of a group of 80 such masks in the collection of The Field Museum in Chicago. Carved from soft wood and painted in traditional patterns and colors, they are among the oldest and most beautiful Indonesian masks in the United States.'

Louis Wain.
'The British artist Louis Wain was a highly successful illustrator whose reputation was made on his singular and gently humorous pictures of cats. A cat-lover himself and sometime President of The National Cat Club, Wain claimed in an interview in 1896 that his "fanciful cat creations" were first suggested to him by Peter, his black & white cat. Demand for Wain's work diminished in the decade after the outbreak of the First World War, leaving him progressively impoverished...'
Wain's mental decline as the years went by can be clearly seen in his artwork - article and mini-gallery here.

The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and Culture. 'shtetl... a small Jewish town or village formerly found in Eastern Europe...'
Yiddish language, history, cooking, religion, and places associated with the Yiddish culture, including the East End of London, New York, Chicago and Paris, as well as places in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Belarus.

Japan Photo Gallery.

Photos of Oklahoma County Courthouses.

United States Postal History.

Polish Movie Posters.
'While most movie posters in the United States pretty much showcase the standard corporate style imagery to hawk the film, the fine folks in Poland have a brilliant dramatic license when marketing Hollywood's finest in their country, resulting in some of the most brilliantly surreal and amazing pieces of movie artwork ever created. Some of them are obvious, some seem to be crazy nonsequiters that have nothing to do with the original picture, while others seem to change the focus of the movie altogether. Weekend At Bernies now looks more like a horror film, and Polish poster for The Terror of Mechagodzilla looks as if it was animated by the folks that made Yellow Submarine...'

Damn Interesting.

PsyBlog: Psychology Blog.

Treehugger. An eco-blog.

7th April

Early Manuscripts at Oxford. Medieval, illuminated manuscripts.

Farmhouses in the Heartland: Death of the Dream. The decline of life on the prairie.
'The one-hour documentary, featuring stunning photography, weaves a tapestry combining images of vanishing farmhouses with stories of historians, farm experts, and people who lived "the dream" of life on the farm. In Death of the Dream viewers meet Lisa Rainey, a college geography student who has chronicled the stories behind vacant farmhouses that were once prosperous rural residences on the prairie.'

My Jam Factory.
'This website acts as a private intranet and virtual community for the residents of the Hartley Jam Factory in SE1 and a public website about life in the Jam Factory. It has information all about local businesses, entertainment, shopping and events in and around the SE1 area.'

The University of Minnesota Human Rights Library.
'The University of Minnesota Human Rights Library houses one of the largest collections of more than twenty-three thousand core human rights documents, including several hundred human rights treaties and other primary international human rights instruments. The site also provides access to more than four thousands links and a unique search device for multiple human rights sites. This comprehensive research tool is accessed by more than a 175,000 students, scholars, educators, and human rights advocates monthly from over 135 countries around the world. '

The Unix Heritage Society. Stands for :-
'The preservation and maintenance of historical and non-mainstream UNIX systems;
'The further development of existing UNIX systems; and
'The continual fostering of the Unix community spirit. '

Temples of Maharashtra.
'The State of Maharashtra has to its credit hoary pilgrimage centers as well as landmarks in the evolution of Indian Temple architecture. Two of the grand ancient rock cut temples of India dedicated to Shiva - The Elephanta Cave Temple and the Kailasanatha Temple at Ellora are in Maharashtra. Also in this state are three of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines, two of the Shakti Peethas, the eight Ashta Vinayak shrines and the revered Vitthala shrine at Pandharpur - glorified by the saints of Maharashtra.'

Toynbee Tiles.
'Toynbee tiles are messages of mysterious origin found embedded in asphalt in several major cities in the United States, with at least two known examples in South America as well. The tiles, which are generally about the size of an American license plate but are sometimes considerably larger, contain some variation on the following inscription:
'IN KUbricK's 2001

The Heron's Nest. A haiku journal.

The Limerick Soviet.
'The Limerick Soviet of 1919, or the Limerick General Strike as it sometimes called, was one of the most important events in modern Irish history.'
'It was the first - and only - time that organised Labour challenged Sinn Féin and the IRA for leadership of the increasingly powerful movement for Irish independence from Britain. It held within its momentous events the prospect that the coming revolution in Ireland would be not merely political, but economic and social as well...'

The ABC of Anarchism, by Alexander Berkman, 1929.

'Little House on the Prairie' Episodes.

The Aaron Copland Collection ca. 1900-1990.
'The inaugural online presentation of the Aaron Copland Collection at the Library of Congress celebrates the centennial of the birth of the American composer Aaron Copland (1900-1990). The multiformat Aaron Copland Collection from which the online collection derives spans the years 1910 to 1990 and includes approximately 400,000 items documenting the multifaceted life of an extraordinary person who was composer, performer, teacher, writer, conductor, commentator, and administrator. It comprises both manuscript and printed music, personal and business correspondence, diaries, writings, scrapbooks, programs, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, awards, books, sound recordings, and motion pictures. '

Cute marriage proposals.

6th April

'The Railway' by Edouard Manet.
'This Web feature, adapted from the National Gallery's MicroGallery, focuses on Edouard Manet's painting, The Railway. It discusses the creator, whose depictions of modern life greatly influenced other artists and writers of his time, and examines the context of the painting in relation to the rapidly changing city of Paris of the late-nineteenth century. '

Exhibition of Tibetan Calligraphy.

The Underground Railroad.
'The Underground Railroad refers to the effort--sometimes spontaneous, sometimes highly organized--to assist persons held in bondage in North America to escape from slavery. Historic places along the Underground Railroad are testament of African American capabilities. The network provided an opportunity for sympathetic white Americans to play a role in resisting slavery, and brought together, however uneasily at times, men and women of both races to begin to set aside assumptions about the other race and to work together on issues of mutual concern. '

Vintage Photos Livejournal. Via Sugar & Spicy.

Shared History: Fayetteville and the University of Arkansas.
'This pilot project offers 500 photographs of the City of Fayetteville and the University of Arkansas Campus. Shared History was funded in part by grants from the Happy Hollow Foundation. Shared History is a work in progress; visit often to see refinements, enhancements, and additions.'

A Treasury of War Poetry: British and American Poems of the World War 1914-1917.

Emma Goldman: My Disillusionment in Russia.

The Inscribing of Paris Street Names.

A Cosmic Call to Nearby Stars. 'If you could send a message to an alien civilization, what would you say? The people from the Cosmic Call project sent the above image as the first page of a longer message...'

A Total Solar Eclipse over Turkey.

The Early Gaelic Harp. 'I am using this name to describe the unique and special kind of harp played throughout Ireland and the Highlands and Islands of Scotland from early medieval times to the 19th century. It is called cruit, or clàrsach, or cláirseach; Irish harp, or Gaelic harp; or wire-strung harp. Its sound is rich, lush, strident, melting, and sustained, produced by plucking strings of brass, silver or gold wire using long fingernails...'

Interfaith Calendar.

Virtual Tour of Texas State Cemetery.

5th April

Grandma Knapp's '37 Road Trip.
'In 1937, my maternal grandmother, Joycolyn Knapp took a road trip with my grandfather, Jack Knapp, his sister Gladys, and her husband Wayne "Windy" Anderson. I hope you enjoy Grandma's amazing photo journal of their trip.'

Ideal Homes: Suburbia in Focus. The South London suburbs as were; lots of old pictures.
'Using a generous selection of old photos, old maps, and historic documents from the rich and unique archive and local history collections of Bexley, Bromley, Greenwich, Lambeth, Lewisham, and Southwark, Ideal Homes explores the origins and significance of suburbia as revealed through the history of South London.'
'Green belt, playing fields, garden gnomes, and "The Good Life" - these are some of the images summoned up by the word "suburb". But suburbia is much more than that. Ideal Homes uses the local history collections of these six varied London boroughs to show how and why suburbs developed. '

New York Underground. The construction of the New York Subway.

Lighthouses: A Photographic Journey. Focuses on the lighthouses of the Great Lakes region.

The Making of Ann Arbor. The story of an American town, home of the University of Michigan. Lots of scanned images of old postcards etc.

Emma Goldman.
'On a cold December morning in 1919, just after midnight, Emma Goldman, her comrade Alexander Berkman, and more than 200 other foreign-born radicals were roused from their Ellis Island dormitory beds to begin their journey out of the United States for good.'
'Convicted of obstructing the draft during World War I, Goldman's expatriation came 34 years after she had first set foot in America, a young, brilliant, Russian immigrant. For more than three decades, she taunted mainstream America with her outspoken attacks on government, big business and war...'

The American Jewess (1895-1899) 'described itself as "the only magazine in the world devoted to the interests of Jewish women." It was the first English-language periodical targeted to American Jewish women, covering an evocative range of topics that ranged from women's place in the synagogue to whether women should ride bicycles.'
'Founded and edited by Rosa Sonneschein (1847-1932), it offered the first sustained critique, by Jewish women, of gender inequities in Jewish worship and communal life. Assembled and digitized for online access by the Jewish Women's Archive, this digital reproduction of the 8 volumes of The American Jewess was assembled from the collections of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion Klau Library, Brandeis University Libraries, the Library of Congress, and the Jewish Women's Archive. '

The Book of Tea by Kakuzo Okakura.
'Tea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. In China, in the eighth century, it entered the realm of poetry as one of the polite amusements. The fifteenth century saw Japan ennoble it into a religion of aestheticism--Teaism. Teaism is a cult founded on the adoration of the beautiful among the sordid facts of everyday existence. It inculcates purity and harmony, the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of the social order. It is essentially a worship of the Imperfect, as it is a tender attempt to accomplish something possible in this impossible thing we know as life. '

Before I Die. 'BEFORE I DIE: MEDICAL CARE AND PERSONAL CHOICES premiered on April 22, 1997. The program explores the medical, ethical, and social issues surrounding end-of-life care in America today. '

Birmingham Stories. Birmingham Stories - Stories about the history of Birmingham, England.

Archives of Ukraine.

History of the New England Patriots. American football.

4th April

The Western Encounter with China, 1600-1900: An Exhibition.
'... The Jesuit accounts of Chinese civilization represented a profound shock to the European sensibility, where civilization was equated with Christianity. The gradual availability of translations of Chinese classics had a significant influence on some scholars of the Enlightenment, such as Gottfried Leibnitz 1646-1716), and Voltaire (1694-1778), who used Confucianism to challenge the religious establishment.'

Why Do Ice Cream Vans Sound the Way They Do?

One Pot Meal.

Planet Earth.

Aesop's Fables.

Ho for Hoggwarts! nigel molesworth meets Harry Potter.

Lechuguilla Cave. An amazing place.

Everglades National Park.

Extrasolar Visions. An extrasolar planets guide.

The Cizewski Robinson Family. Story of an American family through the Civil War, World Wars, and immigration.

Madame Marie de Sevigne. The prolific 17th century French letter-writer.

Pirate Rubber Duckie.

History of Capital Punishment in Missouri.

The Skeptic's Annotated Bible.

3rd April

Himanchal Education Foundation.
'Welcome to Himanchal Education Foundation... Our goal is to support Himanchal High School in the remote village of Nangi, Nepal, a school that is a prototype for community-based educational development in rural areas. '
The site includes a virtual tour of the village.

Exploring 'The Waste Land'.
'We shall not cease from exploration / And the end of all our exploring / Will be to arrive where we started / And know the place for the first time.'
'As T.S. Eliot so eloquently points out, the only way to learn about life (or about poetry) is by exploring. This website will help you explore his poem The Waste Land. This site will help you see the many allusions Eliot uses in the poem, it translates the non-English passages, and it shows lines from early drafts of The Waste Land before it was edited into its final form. What this site will not do is force upon you a particular reading of the poem, nor will it spoon-feed you "the meaning." '

Images and Sights of Mali.
'"So where are you teaching?" inquire my family and friends. I tell them that I am teaching in Mali.
"Oh, Bali. That should be wonderful!"
"No, not Bali, it's Mali."
"Where's that?" they ask.
"Well, it's in West Africa. It's the country where Timbuktu is located."
"I didn't know that there was such a place." '

An Assortment of Interesting Items from the South Carolina State Archives.

Ancient Scripts.

Japanese Pottery Primer.

South African Photography During the Era of Apartheid.

Konstgjorda Karlsson.
'The evening paper Aftonbladet, founded in 1830 by Lars Johan Hierta, started this special Sunday supplement in 1907 - and it was in color, at least the front and back pages were. "Brokiga Blad" was published until 1930, very much modelled after French magazines like "Petit Journal" or "Petit Parisien"...'

From Here to Eternity.

Christians of Iraq.
'Christians of Iraq trace their ancestry to the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians. They are known by various names such as Assyrians, Chaldeans for those who belong to the Chaldean Church and Syriacs for the members of the Syrian Orthodox church. There is no specific statistics about the total population of Christians in Iraq but they are estimated to be about one million...'

Strange Science: The Rocky Road to Modern Paleontology and Biology.

Strine and Aussie Slang.

1st April

The Evolution of the American Front Porch.
"Porches are as synonymous with American culture as apple pie. While not unknown in colonial times, they rose to nationwide popularity in the decades before the Civil War, and remained in fashion for almost one hundred years. Ironically, the very social and technological forces that made them both popular and possible were eventually responsible for their decline."

BibliOdyssey. Books, illustration, history, science, eclectic bookart. A visual and mental feast.

Sticky Rice. Extensive and constantly updated site of articles and photographs on Thailand, Cambodia, Burma and other southeast Asian countries.

The Abundant Land. Inuit sculpture.

Yard Dog. American folk and outsider art.

Historic California US Highways.

The Complete Bible Genealogy. From Adam.

Poetry Magazines.

Taoist Culture & Information.

Volcanoes of Other Worlds.

Psycho. By Hitchcock.

Spooky Lancashire. A haunted county, home of the Pendle Witches and much else.