Hawaii's Last Queen.
'On January 16, 1893, four boatloads of United
States Marines armed with Gatling guns and hundreds
of rounds of ammunition came ashore in Honolulu,
capital of the independent Kingdom of Hawaii. As
the Royal Hawaiian band played a concert at the
Hawaiian Hotel, 162 troops marched through the
streets of Honolulu, heading for the palace. The
Queen of Hawaii, Lili'uokalani, looked down from
her balcony as the troops took up their
The Search for a Northwest Passage.
'Since Columbus encountered the land barrier of
America in 1492, many explorers have ventured into
the inhospitable Arctic regions in search of the
Northwest Passage, a navigable channel that was
believed to connect the North Atlantic and the
Pacific Oceans. The search is a long chapter of
failure, disaster, and tragedy, but also of heroism
and endurance, and four frustrating centuries would
pass before the goal would finally be achieved...'
'The Mabinogion is a cycle of Welsh legends collected
in the Red Book of Hergest, a manuscript which is in
the library of Oxford University. Mabinogion means
'tales of youth'; although this appellation only
applies to a few of the stories, Lady Guest
appropriated it as the title of this book, and
The Mabinogion is now used as the name of the entire
collection. The stories are based on historical
characters and incidents from the dark ages in
Wales and environs, embellished with supernatural
and folklore elements. Throughout there are echoes
of primordial Celtic mythology and folklore, including
the ancient gods and goddesses. '
Civil War Letters of the Christie Family.
'In 1861, two brothers, having just purchased a
farm in Southern Minnesota, enlisted in the First
Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery. Although neither
expected a long tour of duty, William and Thomas
Christie served in the First Minnesota Battery through
June 1865. Their younger brother, Alexander, enlisted
in an infantry regiment in fall 1864.'
'All three brothers were excellent writers, and
each wrote extensively while in the Army. Their
letters, full of revealing observations on war,
society, and contemporary politics, are contained
within the James C. Christie and family papers at
the Minnesota Historical Society.'
Oroitzapenak: Voices from Basque America.
'Over the years several scholars have recorded
interviews with Basque people in the American
West for various research projects. Many of these
tapes are now archived in the Basque Studies
Library at the University of Nevada, Reno and at
the Basque Museum and Cultural Center in Boise,
Idaho. The goal of this collaborative project is
to transform these interviews into a medium that
makes them more accessible to the public. The next
step entails the systematic gathering of interviews
with people whose stories have yet to be
September 11 2001 Documentary Project.
'The September 11, 2001, Documentary Project captures
the heartfelt reactions, eyewitness accounts, and
diverse opinions of Americans and others in the months
that followed the terrorist attacks on the World Trade
Center, the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93.
Patriotism and unity mixed with sadness, anger, and
insecurity are common themes expressed in this online
presentation of almost 200 audio and video interviews,
45 graphic items, and 21 written narratives.'
Sex Life of the Date.
'Dr. Naomi F. Miller, archaeobotanist at the
Museum, recently exposed some hidden aspects of
an ancient artifact.'
'When asked to identify the gold plant-like ornaments
from Lady Puabi's diadem (headdress), she noticed that
they had been mounted upside down. '
'By flipping the ornaments and allowing them to
hang as pendants, Miller discovered that these
ornaments represented the male and female branches
of the date palm. This turnabout upended a
long-standing assumption that the ornaments
represented ears of grain or a fruiting bush. '
The Alaska Pipeline.
'In the early weeks of 1968, after a decade-long
search for oil in Alaska's frozen wilderness, gas
burst up out of an exploratory well on the North
Slope with such force the crew thought it was about
to blow. Geologists soon calculated that as much as
ten billion barrels of oil lay below the frozen tundra
of Prudhoe Bay -- the largest oil find in North
Golden Gate Bridge.
'On May 27, 1937, 200,000 people thronged to the
newly-completed Golden Gate Bridge and walked,
climbed, skated or cycled across. After 18 years
of struggles to complete the bridge, San Francisco's
jubilance was unrestrained. There was a tap dancer,
a tuba player and a woman determined to be the first
to walk its length with her tongue out...'
'Parables from Stamps' to
'Moles and Their Meaning' to 'The Leftist ESP
'Feb, 2006. For the past five months I have been
living alone in a car at the edge of the woods -
jobless and homeless and totally unable to find a way
out of it. I can't sing, I can't dance, I can't
scream loudly enough, alI I can do is write. So here
I am laying down tracks...hopefully the start of
an online paper trail out of here. '
'For decades, the Rockefeller name was despised in
America-associated with John D. Rockefeller Sr.'s
feared monopoly, Standard Oil. By the end of his life,
Rockefeller had given away half his fortune-but even
his vast philanthropy could not erase the memory of
his predatory business practices. His only son, John D.
Rockefeller Jr., would dedicate his life to recasting
the family image...'
Samuel P. Goddard Papers Online.
'Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr. served as the 12th
governor of the state of Arizona from 1965 to 1967.
While his tenure as governor was brief, Goddard has
continued to play an important role in Arizona
politics as the chairman of the Arizona State
Democratic Committee and as a member of the Central
Arizona Water Conservation District Board of
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
'In 1838, the United States government forcibly
removed more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people
from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North
Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian
Territory (today known as Oklahoma). The impact to
the Cherokee was devastating. Hundreds of Cherokee
died during their trip west, and thousands more
perished from the consequences of relocation. This
tragic chapter in American and Cherokee history became
known as the Trail of Tears, and culminated the
implementation of the Indian Removal Act of 1830,
which mandated the removal of all American Indian
tribes east of the Mississippi River to lands in the
'Orlando Furioso, Ludovico Ariosto's 16th century epic
Italian poem, is a sequel to Orlando Innamorato, an
earlier work by Matteo Maria Boiardo. The titular
Orlando is very loosely based on Roland, a heroic
knight in Charlemagne's court, with admixtures
from Arthurian and other sources. Orlando is driven
insane with love for the beautful Angelica, and must
be restored to sanity in time to save Paris from the
Duluth Lynchings Online Resource.
'The Duluth Lynchings Online Resource provides an
opportunity to remember and learn from this tragic
incident in Minnesota history. With the activities
of the Clayton, Jackson, McGhie Memorial Committee
a citizen group dedicated to the remembrance of the
three lynching victims -
and the Duluth Branch of the NAACP, the lynchings
have begun to be studied more extensively. The 2000
publication of Michael Fedo's The Lynchings in Duluth
by the MHS Press has also spurred new interest in
the lynchings. The Minnesota Historical Society
now presents this web site to provide an in-depth
and scholarly resource of primary source materials
on the subject, designed also for those unfamiliar
with this tragic event...'
Building the Alaska Highway.
'In May of 1942, across the rugged sub-Arctic
wilderness of Alaska, British Columbia, and Yukon
Territory, thousands of American soldiers began one
of the biggest and most difficult construction projects
ever undertaken -- the building of the Alaska
Harajuku Girls. Photo-essay.
'Harajuku is a district in the Shibuya ward of
Tokyo situated next to the Meiji Jingu shrine.
A nearby bridge over the Yamanote railway line
is the hot spot for some of the most imaginative
and bizarre manifestations of youthful exuberance
found anywhere in Japan.'
The Chinese in California 1850-1925.
'The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 illustrates
nineteenth and early twentieth century Chinese
immigration to California through about 8,000
images and pages of primary source materials.
Included are photographs, original art, cartoons
and other illustrations; letters, excerpts from
diaries, business records, and legal documents;
as well as pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, sheet
music, and other printed matter. '
'Castro's face with its trademark beard, has
become an iconic image worldwide, yet the man
himself remains an enigma to all but a few.
Through interviews with relatives, childhood
friends, fellow rebel leaders, Bay of Pigs veterans,
human rights activists and journalists, American
Experience: Fidel Castro constructs an intimate and
revealing portrait of the most resilient of
London Genealogy. Has a nice collection of
newspaper reports and illustrations.
Seattle Strikes! 1919 and 1934.
'On January 21, 1919 months after the end of World
War I, the Metal Trades Council in Seattle's shipyards
declared a strike over a wage dispute. The Seattle
Central Labor Council voted two days later to join
the metal workers in a sympathetic general strike of
the entire city, involving over 130 unions and 60,000
workers. For four days in early February 1919, the
Seattle labor establishment closed down the city and
captured nation-wide attention in the first city-wide
general strike in U. S. history. Politicians and
newspapers in the Pacific Northwest and throughout
the country interpreted the action as the beginning
of a Bolshevik-style revolution...'
'Using interviews with Tupperware executives and
dealers from the early days and wonderful,
little-seen footage of Tupperware Jubilees,
this funny, probing program re-examines assumptions
about American culture in the 1950s.'
The Prem Sagar.
'The Prem Sagar was one of the first books published
in modern Hindi, written in the Delhi dialect which
was eventually adopted as one of the official
national languages of India. It is the tale of the
deeds of Krishna, the invincible avatar of Vishnu.
Based on the tenth book of the Bhagavata Purana,
the Prem Sagar, which means 'Ocean of Love,' (one
of Krishna's epithets) was composed by Lallu Lal
between 1804 and 1810. Lallu Lal's retelling of
this traditional cycle of legends of Krishna is
distinguished by naturalistic dialog and frank
Surviving the Dust Bowl.
'Lured by the promise of rich, plentiful soil,
thousands of settlers came to the Southern Plains,
bringing farming techniques that worked well in the
North and East. The farmers subsequently plowed
millions of acres of grassland, only to have the
rains stop in the summer of 1931. The catastrophic
eight-year drought that followed led observers to
rename the region "The Dust Bowl." ...'
Chemical Weapons Report: Toxicity by Race and
'The Citizen's Education Project and the Sunshine
Project requested this report in August 2004 because
its title suggests that the US Army has recently
exposed people to chemical weapons (CW) agents.
The report does not detail any recent human
experiments, although that conclusion can only
be tentative, because large portions of the report
are blacked-out and parts of the D049 program are
The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci.
'We have access to hundreds of pages of his notes,
jottings, sketches, doodles, and musings, including
lists of books he read and even scraps of financial
records. All of the known Da Vinci papers as of the
mid-19th century are included here in this magnificent
Jeannette Jehanne Jeanne Joan -
Shepherdess Soldier Savior Saint.
Joan of Arc.
'Joan was a farm girl who grew up in Lorraine
during the Hundred Years War. She heard an archangel
and two saints telling her to drive the English out
of France and she convinced the yet uncrowned Charles
VI that she could make him king. Given a sword, a
banner, armor, and a position of command, she led
French forces against the English and Burgundians
in a series of surprising victories. After the king
was crowned, her military successes became fewer, and
she was taken prisoner at Compiègne. She was tried by
the Inquisition and found guilty of heresy. On the
30th of May, 1431, she was burned alive in Rouen...'
The Kumeyaay Nation. A Native American nation
of California and Mexico. Culture, language,
folklore and more contemporary information.
'The Kumeyaay Nation extends from San Diego and
Imperial Counties in California to 60 miles south
of the Mexican border. The Kumeyaay are members of
the Yuman language branch of the Hokan group...'
Postcard from Provence.
'Postcard from Provence is an ongoing project
involving painting and posting a small oil painting,
mostly daily, in which I try to reflect the changing
seasons and light of my adoptive home in Provence.'
Down and Out in Osaka. Photo-essay.
'Osaka's Kamagasaki District is home to thousands
of homeless in this sprawling industrial city. As
Japan's economy continues to struggle, especially
in these industrial belts, thousands of Japanese are
being thrown onto the streets.'
'Photographs taken in 2000 and 2001.'
Rachel Papo: Serial Number 3817131. Photographs of
Israeli female soldiers undergoing mandatory
'... I decided to portray female soldiers in Israel
during their mandatory military service as a way for
me to revisit my own experience. I served as a
photographer in the Israeli Air Force between
1988-1990. It was a period marked by continuous
depression and extreme loneliness, and at the time
I was too young to understand these emotions. Through
a series of images showing female soldiers in army
bases and outside, individually or in groups, I
attempt to reveal a facet of this experience that
is generally overlooked by the global community. '
William Gedney Photographs and Writings.
'From the mid 1950s through the early 1980s, William
Gedney (1932-1989) photographed throughout the United
States, in India, and in Europe. From the commerce of
the street outside his Brooklyn apartment to the
daily chores of unemployed coal miners, from the
indolent lifestyle of hippies in Haight-Ashbury to
the sacred rituals of Hindu worshippers, Gedney was
able to record the lives of others with remarkable
clarity and poignancy...'
Maithil Paintings. From the introduction :-
'Artists associated with the Janakpur Women's
Development Center are earning recognition
as some of the finest contemporary artists in Nepal.
This exhibit celebrates the life and
work of these village artists, a number of whom joined
the JWDC when it was initiated in
The paintings are rooted in traditions which Maithil
women have passed down through generations. On the
occasion of marriage or for festivals such as
Deepawali, Maithil women paint lively designs on the
mud walls of their houses...'
'The IPL has been collaborating with the Labadie
Collection at the University of Michigan to bring
you this special display of anarchist posters from
the last half of the twentieth century. In this
exhibit you will see a sampling of images which
chronicle the philosophies and objectives of anarchist
organizations from around the world -- as expressed
through the medium of the poster. '
The Four Colour Theorem.
'The Four Color Problem dates back to 1852 when
Francis Guthrie, while trying to color the map of
counties of England noticed that four colors sufficed.
He asked his brother Frederick if it was true that any
map can be colored using four colors in such a way
that adjacent regions (i.e. those sharing a common
boundary segment, not just a point) receive different
Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed
'Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed
Collection is a multi-format ethnographic field
collection of traditional fiddle tunes performed
by Henry Reed of Glen Lyn, Virginia. Recorded by
folklorist Alan Jabbour in 1966-67, when Reed was
over eighty years old, the tunes represent the music
and evoke the history and spirit of Virginia's
Appalachian frontier. '
The Irving Fine Collection ca. 1914-1962.
'The career of Irving Fine (1914-1962), composer,
conductor, writer, and academic, is documented
in the Library of Congress Music Division by
approximately 4,350 items from the Irving Fine
Collection. Comprising manuscript and printed music,
sketchbooks, writings, personal and business
correspondence, scrapbooks, programs, clippings,
and sound recordings, the collection contains most
of the creative work of this colleague of Aaron
Copland and Leonard Bernstein.'
A Wealth of Ideas: Revelations from the Hoover
'From the peace movement at the turn of the twentieth
century to the freemarket consensus at the dawn of the
twenty-first, the era's major wars, revolutions,
tyrannies, and political and intellectual movements
are made vivid in photographs and posters, artwork
and film, letters and diaries, rare books and
newspapers, and more. The exhibit explores the
impact of such political leaders as Hitler, Stalin,
Trotsky, and Mao, as well as the real-world influence
of the philosophers Sidney Hook and Karl Popper,
economists Friedrich von Hayek and Milton Friedman,
and Nobel Prize winners Boris Pasternak and Jane
A True Story, by Lucian of Samosata.
'Widely hailed as the first science fiction story,
A True Story, by Lucian of Samosata is a voyage
to the edges of the universe and reason. The title
is the first clue that this will be a tall tale.
As much a predecessor of Douglas Adams as Jules Verne,
Lucian's fantasy explores not only outer space (where
he brokers war and peace between the inhabitants of
the sun and moon), but also the Elysian fields, the
geography of the Odyssey, and the interior of a giant
whale. We get to meet Homer, Pythagoras, Socrates, and
other immortals, as well as a host of bizarre
creatures. The text is riddled with puns, innuendo,
parody and satire; however most of this humor will
escape the modern reader. Suffice it to say that
this was considered pretty funny in the second century
Anne Frank the Writer | An Unfinished Story.
'Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank
wrote short stories, fairy tales, essays, and the
beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks and
more than 300 loose pages, meticulously
handwritten during her two years in hiding,
survived the war...'
Selected Civil War Photographs. The American Civil
War, that is.
'The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection
contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were
made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and
include scenes of military personnel, preparations
for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection
also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union
officers, and a selection of enlisted men. '
Mapping Religion in America.
'Let's look at a remarkable set of U.S. maps. Using
2000 Census information on a county-by-county basis,
the maps focus on various aspects of religion. Each
section of this post will look at a particular map.'
Some great maps illustrating differing levels of
religious adherence across the US, and the distributions
of the various Christian denominations, Judaism and
Zoot Suit Riots.
'In August 1942 the murder of a young Mexican-American
man ignited a firestorm in the City of the Angels.
In no time at all, ethnic and racial tensions that
had been building up over the years boiled over.
Police fanned out across the city in a dragnet that
netted 600 Mexican Americans. Among those accused of
murder was a young "zoot-suiter" named Hank Leyvas
-- the poster boy for an entire generation of
rebellious Mexican kids who refused to play by the old
rules. As he and sixteen other boys headed to trial,
the mood of the city turned violent. The deck was
stacked against the defendants, and a verdict of
guilty would spark a series of brutal riots. The
convictions were ultimately overturned, but the city
and its inhabitants would be forever changed.'
Maps in Our Lives.
'The Library of Congress presents Maps in Our Lives,
an exhibition in recognition of a thirty-year
partnership between the Library's Geography and
Map Division and the American Congress on Surveying
and Mapping (ACSM), the nation's primary professional
organization dedicated to surveying and mapping
Eric Jiani. Outsider artist.
'Eric Jiani was born on September 14th 1957 in
London, UK. and despite being diagnosed with
Aspergers Syndrome and borderline autism he was
'normally' educated at the British School, Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil and Downside Abbey in the UK, Eric
lived in both countries, his mother being Brazilian
and his father English.Eric is therefore fluent in
both Portuguese and English... '
"Ever since I was a child I have always liked
inventing my own imaginary world and then expressing
these worlds through models, maps or drawings. It is
from this basis that my art has developed, going
through different phases. I now feel I am moving
ever closer to finding my place in the real world." '
The September 11 Digital Archive.
'Our goal is to create a permanent record of the
events of September 11, 2001. In the process, we
hope to foster some positive legacies of those
terrible events by allowing people to tell their
stories, making those stories available to a wide
audience, providing historical context for
understanding those events and their consequences,
and helping historians and archivists improve their
practices based on the lessons we learn from this
Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project,
1936-38. Recording the last generation of
in America before they passed away.
'Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal
Writers' Project, 1936-1938 contains more than 2,300
first-person accounts of slavery and 500
black-and-white photographs of former slaves.
These narratives were collected in the 1930s as
part of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works
Progress Administration (WPA) and assembled and
microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave
Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United
States from Interviews with Former Slaves. '
Vaudeville: A Dazzling Display of Heterogeneous
Splendor, Designed to Educate, Edify, Amuse, and
'American Vaudeville, more so than any other mass
entertainment, grew out of the culture of
incorporation that defined American life after
the Civil War. The development of vaudeville
marked the beginning of popular entertainment as
big business, dependent on the organizational
efforts of a growing number of white-collar
workers and the increased leisure time, spending
power, and changing tastes of an urban middle class
audience. Business savvy showmen utilized improved
transportation and communication technologies,
creating and controlling vast networks of theatre
circuits standardizing, professionalizing, and
institutionalizing American popular entertainment...'
(11 September 1924 - March 27, 2006) 'was
Professor Emeritus in the Department of Pharmacology
and Therapeutics at the University of British Columbia
in Canada. He came to public attention in 1944 when,
in April that year, he and Alfred Wetzler became the
first two Jews to escape from the German death camp at
Auschwitz in Poland, and pass information to the
Allies about the mass murder that was taking place
there. Vrba and Wetzler were two of only five Jews
who ever escaped the camp...'
The Great American Songbook.
'Throughout a long golden era, the American movie
musical transformed Hollywood into a Mecca for the
biggest singing stars and leading songwriters of the
'30s, '40s, and '50s. Hosted by Michael Feinstein,
THE GREAT AMERICAN SONGBOOK offers a dazzling parade
of American popular songs as seen and heard in some of
the most beloved films ever made. With stars ranging
from Al Jolson to Judy Garland to Frank Sinatra, and
sounds from the Gilded Age to New Orleans jazz to
Broadway musicals, THE GREAT AMERICAN SONGBOOK tells
the story of the first 50 years of American popular
The Geisha Mystique. Photo-essay.
'While most of Japan is forging ahead into the 21st
century, some people are holding tight to their
connection with the past. This relationship with
ago-old customs and traditions is most evident in
the city of Kyoto, once Japan's capital for more
than 1,000 years. One will still finds remnants of
"Hanamachi" (geisha districts) in isolated pockets
of the city where maiko and geisha shuffle quickly
to and from their evening appointments. For common
people, Kyoto keeps the past alive through numerous
events, ceremonies and annual festivals.'
Parsi Zoroastrian Project.
'Followers of the Bronze Age Prophet Zarathushtra of
Iran, the Parsi - Zoroastrians are one of the distinct
threads in the tapestry of multicultural India.
Zoroastrians are still found in their original
homeland Iran and are also spread thinly across
the globe. While the Project was started with the
aim of recording and reviving interest in the Parsi
- Zoroastrian community in India, there has been an
overwhelming response from other parts of the Indian
subcontinent and the worldwide diaspora...'
Narcissistic Personality Disorder: How to
Recognise a Narcissist.
'The material on Narcissistic Personality Disorder
that is published for lay readers is not very
informative, even though most people have had to
cope with a narcissist at one time or another. If
you were raised by a narcissistic parent, then you've
been taught that the narcissist is always right and
you're the one who's wrong. A lifetime of such
mistreatment typically instills lack of confidence
in your own judgment, along with habitual shame at
never getting it right or being good enough to deserve
the air that you breathe. The children of narcissists
may not have realized that the quirks and oddities of
their impossible-to-please parents are not in any way
unique or special but are in fact the symptoms of a
Murals in Los Angeles.
'I grew up on the East Coast, and L.A. appeared to
be a centerless, smog-filled, undistinguished endless
strip mall divided between people struggling to
survive and people struggling to one-up each other.
I realized that I was going to have to find something
good about the place fast.'
'What I quickly found was murals. They are the only
physical part of Los Angeles that makes sense; the
only area where human beings try to take back part of
their environment from featureless sprawl and
The Electronic Museum of Mail Art. Home-made postage
stamps ('artistamps') and postcards.
What is mail art?
'Term applies to art sent through the post rather
than displayed or sold through conventional commercial
channels, encompassing a variety of media including
postcards, books, images made on photocopying machines
or with rubber stamps, postage stamps designed by
artists, concrete poetry and other art forms generally
considered marginal. '
Olive and Eric.
'The Olive and Eric website is dedicated to a young
English couple who during the Second World War were,
like millions of others, separated from each other.
Olive was left at home in the City of Leicester with
three very young children and Eric was sent first to
North Africa and then to Italy...'
Medical History of American Presidents.
'Reading the histories connects us to our Presidents
in a very personal way. Sickness is a universal human
experience. Reading about sick people makes us see
them as people, and identify with them as people, not
as remote figures in a history book. Just look at the
picture of James Carter and think about the genetic
time-bomb in his pancreas. Or look at John Tyler and
imagine him enduring a mysterious paralytic illness
for two long years...'
Norman Rockwell's 'Four Freedoms' Series from the
Saturday Evening Post.
'Norman Rockwell's Four Freedoms series was first
published in The Saturday Evening Post in 1943 during
the height of World War II. The Post published the
paintings as a series after the United States
government declined it...'
Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from
want, freedom from fear.
The Writer in the Garden.
'Enter a world of real and imaginary gardens portrayed
by writers through the ages. See how gardens have
inspired authors and how authors in their turn have
shaped notions of the garden...'
Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, 1918.
'The Bartleby.com edition of Gray's Anatomy of the
Human Body features 1,247 vibrant engravings-many
in color-from the classic 1918 publication, as well
as a subject index with 13,000 entries ranging from
the Antrum of Highmore to the Zonule of Zinn.'
Gullah Dialect and Culture (Beaufort County,
South Carolina). A dialect and culture formed of
English and African languages. Gullah is
spoken in the Sea Islands
off the coast of South Carolina.
'Most of Gullah vocabulary is of English origin, but
the grammar and major elements of pronunciation come
from a number of West African language, such as Ewe,
Mandinka, Igbo, Twi and Yoruba. The name, "Gullah",
itself probably derives from "Angola" (and possibly
from the large number of slaves who arrived from that
part of Africa in the early 1800s). "Geechee" --
another name for the language and culture of black
Sea Islanders -- comes from a tribal name in
The Crown of the Sun. During a solar eclipse.
'During a total solar eclipse, the Sun's extensive
outer atmosphere or corona is an awesome and
inspirational sight. The subtle shades and shimmering
features of the corona that engage the eye span a
brightness range of over 10,000 to 1, making them
notoriously difficult to capture in a single picture.
But this composite of 33 digital images ranging in
exposure time from 1/8000 to 1/5 second comes very
close to revealing the crown of the Sun in all its
Photo Japan: Silk & Ceremony.
'Tamamura Kozaburo (1856-1923?) began in the
photography business with a shop in Asakusa, Tokyo in
1874. In 1883 he moved to Yokohama and opened a studio
where he prospered. He specialized in souvenir photo
albums of Japan which were exported. He also conducted
portrait photography in his studio. He is regarded as
one of the originators of "Yokohama Shashin" (tourist
photographs). It appears the zenith of his production
was in the 1890s...'
Critical Reading: A Guide.
'This is a guide to what you might look for in
analyzing literature, particularly poetry and fiction.
An analysis explains what a work of literature means,
and how it means it; it is essentially an articulation
of and a defense of an interpretation which shows how
the resources of literature are used to create the
meaningfulness of the text. There are people who
resist analysis, believing that it 'tears apart' a
work of art; however a work of art is an artifice,
that is, it is made by someone with an end in view:
as a made thing, it can be and should be analyzed as
well as appreciated. '
Hats Off!: A Salute to African Headwear.
Certain laborers, such as farmers and blacksmiths,
wear special hats in recognition of their skills.
Some wear hats and headdresses as emblems of their
chiefly or royal status and prestige and still others
wear hats to signify they have attained a certain rank
as members of particular socio-political governing
'The examples shown here form part of a group of 80
such masks in the collection of The Field Museum in
Chicago. Carved from soft wood and painted in
traditional patterns and colors, they are among
the oldest and most beautiful Indonesian masks in
the United States.'
'The British artist Louis Wain was a highly successful
illustrator whose reputation was made on his singular
and gently humorous pictures of cats. A cat-lover
himself and sometime President of The National Cat
Club, Wain claimed in an interview in 1896 that his
"fanciful cat creations" were first suggested to him
by Peter, his black & white cat. Demand for Wain's
work diminished in the decade after the outbreak of
the First World War, leaving him progressively
Wain's mental decline as the years went by can be clearly
seen in his artwork -
article and mini-gallery
The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and
Culture. 'shtetl... a small Jewish town or
village formerly found in Eastern Europe...'
Yiddish language, history, cooking, religion, and
places associated with the Yiddish culture, including
the East End of London, New York, Chicago and Paris,
as well as places in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and
Polish Movie Posters.
'While most movie posters in the United States pretty
much showcase the standard corporate style imagery
hawk the film, the fine folks in Poland have a
brilliant dramatic license when marketing Hollywood's
finest in their country, resulting in some of the most
brilliantly surreal and amazing pieces of movie
artwork ever created. Some of them are obvious, some
seem to be crazy nonsequiters that have nothing to do
with the original picture, while others seem to change
the focus of the movie altogether. Weekend At Bernies
now looks more like a horror film, and Polish poster
for The Terror of Mechagodzilla looks as if it was
animated by the folks that made Yellow Submarine...'
Farmhouses in the Heartland: Death of the Dream.
The decline of life on the prairie.
'The one-hour documentary, featuring stunning
photography, weaves a tapestry combining images of
vanishing farmhouses with stories of historians, farm
experts, and people who lived "the dream" of life on
the farm. In Death of the Dream viewers meet Lisa
Rainey, a college geography student who has chronicled
the stories behind vacant farmhouses that were once
prosperous rural residences on the prairie.'
My Jam Factory.
'This website acts as a private intranet and virtual
community for the residents of the Hartley Jam Factory
in SE1 and a public website about life in the Jam
Factory. It has information all about local businesses,
entertainment, shopping and events in and around the
The University of Minnesota Human Rights
'The University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
houses one of the largest collections of more than
twenty-three thousand core human rights documents,
including several hundred human rights treaties and
other primary international human rights instruments.
The site also provides access to more than four
thousands links and a unique search device for multiple
human rights sites. This comprehensive research tool
is accessed by more than a 175,000 students, scholars,
educators, and human rights advocates monthly from
over 135 countries around the world. '
The Unix Heritage
Society. Stands for :-
'The preservation and maintenance of historical and
non-mainstream UNIX systems;
'The further development of existing UNIX systems;
'The continual fostering of the Unix community
Temples of Maharashtra.
'The State of Maharashtra has to its credit hoary
pilgrimage centers as well as landmarks in the
evolution of Indian Temple architecture. Two of the
grand ancient rock cut temples of India dedicated to
Shiva - The Elephanta Cave Temple and the Kailasanatha
Temple at Ellora are in Maharashtra. Also in this
state are three of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines,
two of the Shakti Peethas, the eight Ashta Vinayak
shrines and the revered Vitthala shrine at
Pandharpur - glorified by the saints of
'Toynbee tiles are messages of mysterious origin found
embedded in asphalt in several major cities in the
United States, with at least two known examples in
South America as well. The tiles, which are generally
about the size of an American license plate but are
sometimes considerably larger, contain some variation
on the following inscription:
'IN KUbricK's 2001
'ON PLANET JUPiTER.'
The Limerick Soviet.
'The Limerick Soviet of 1919, or the Limerick General
Strike as it sometimes called, was one of the most
important events in modern Irish history.'
'It was the first - and only - time that organised
Labour challenged Sinn Féin and the IRA for
leadership of the increasingly powerful movement
for Irish independence from Britain. It held within
its momentous events the prospect that the coming
revolution in Ireland would be not merely political,
but economic and social as well...'
The Aaron Copland Collection ca. 1900-1990.
'The inaugural online presentation of the Aaron
Copland Collection at the Library of Congress
celebrates the centennial of the birth of the American
composer Aaron Copland (1900-1990). The multiformat
Aaron Copland Collection from which the online
collection derives spans the years 1910 to 1990 and
includes approximately 400,000 items documenting the
multifaceted life of an extraordinary person who was
composer, performer, teacher, writer, conductor,
commentator, and administrator. It comprises both
manuscript and printed music, personal and business
correspondence, diaries, writings, scrapbooks,
programs, newspaper and magazine clippings,
photographs, awards, books, sound recordings, and
motion pictures. '
'The Railway' by Edouard Manet.
'This Web feature, adapted from the National Gallery's
MicroGallery, focuses on Edouard Manet's painting, The
Railway. It discusses the creator, whose depictions of
modern life greatly influenced other artists and
writers of his time, and examines the context of the
painting in relation to the rapidly changing city of
Paris of the late-nineteenth century. '
The Underground Railroad.
'The Underground Railroad refers to the
effort--sometimes spontaneous, sometimes highly
organized--to assist persons held in bondage in North
America to escape from slavery. Historic places along
the Underground Railroad are testament of African
American capabilities. The network provided an
opportunity for sympathetic white Americans to play a
role in resisting slavery, and brought together,
however uneasily at times, men and women of both races
to begin to set aside assumptions about the other race
and to work together on issues of mutual concern. '
Shared History: Fayetteville and the University of
'This pilot project offers 500 photographs of the City
of Fayetteville and the University of Arkansas Campus.
Shared History was funded in part by grants from the
Happy Hollow Foundation. Shared History is a work in
progress; visit often to see refinements,
enhancements, and additions.'
A Cosmic Call to Nearby Stars.
'If you could send a message to an alien civilization,
what would you say? The people from the Cosmic Call
project sent the above image as the first page of a
The Early Gaelic Harp.
'I am using this name to describe the unique and
special kind of harp played throughout Ireland and the
Highlands and Islands of Scotland from early medieval
times to the 19th century.
It is called cruit, or clàrsach, or cláirseach; Irish
harp, or Gaelic harp; or wire-strung harp.
Its sound is rich, lush, strident, melting, and
sustained, produced by plucking strings of brass,
silver or gold wire using long fingernails...'
Grandma Knapp's '37 Road Trip.
'In 1937, my maternal grandmother, Joycolyn Knapp
took a road trip with my grandfather, Jack Knapp,
his sister Gladys, and her husband Wayne "Windy"
Anderson. I hope you enjoy Grandma's amazing photo
journal of their trip.'
Ideal Homes: Suburbia in Focus. The South London
suburbs as were; lots of old pictures.
'Using a generous selection of old photos, old maps,
and historic documents from the rich and unique
archive and local history collections of Bexley,
Bromley, Greenwich, Lambeth, Lewisham, and Southwark,
Ideal Homes explores the origins and significance of
suburbia as revealed through the history of South
'Green belt, playing fields, garden gnomes, and "The
Good Life" - these are some of the images summoned up
by the word "suburb". But suburbia is much more than
that. Ideal Homes uses the local history collections
of these six varied London boroughs to show how and
why suburbs developed. '
The Making of Ann Arbor. The story of an American
town, home of the University of Michigan. Lots of
scanned images of old postcards etc.
'On a cold December morning in 1919, just after
midnight, Emma Goldman, her comrade Alexander Berkman,
and more than 200 other foreign-born radicals were
roused from their Ellis Island dormitory beds to begin
their journey out of the United States for good.'
'Convicted of obstructing the draft during World War I,
Goldman's expatriation came 34 years after she had
first set foot in America, a young, brilliant, Russian
immigrant. For more than three decades, she taunted
mainstream America with her outspoken attacks on
government, big business and war...'
The American Jewess (1895-1899) 'described itself
as "the only magazine in the world devoted to the
interests of Jewish women." It was the first
English-language periodical targeted to American
Jewish women, covering an evocative range of topics
that ranged from women's place in the synagogue to
whether women should ride bicycles.'
'Founded and edited by Rosa Sonneschein (1847-1932),
it offered the first sustained critique, by Jewish
women, of gender inequities in Jewish worship and
communal life. Assembled and digitized for online
access by the Jewish Women's Archive, this digital
reproduction of the 8 volumes of The American Jewess
was assembled from the collections of Hebrew Union
College-Jewish Institute of Religion Klau Library,
Brandeis University Libraries, the Library of
Congress, and the Jewish Women's Archive. '
The Book of Tea by Kakuzo Okakura.
'Tea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. In
China, in the eighth century, it entered the realm of
poetry as one of the polite amusements. The fifteenth
century saw Japan ennoble it into a religion of
aestheticism--Teaism. Teaism is a cult founded on the
adoration of the beautiful among the sordid facts of
everyday existence. It inculcates purity and harmony,
the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of the
social order. It is essentially a worship of the
Imperfect, as it is a tender attempt to accomplish
something possible in this impossible thing we know as
'BEFORE I DIE: MEDICAL CARE AND PERSONAL CHOICES
premiered on April 22, 1997. The program explores the
medical, ethical, and social issues surrounding
end-of-life care in America today. '
The Western Encounter with China, 1600-1900:
'... The Jesuit accounts of Chinese civilization
represented a profound shock to the European
sensibility, where civilization was equated with
Christianity. The gradual availability of translations
of Chinese classics had a significant influence on some
scholars of the Enlightenment, such as Gottfried
Leibnitz 1646-1716), and Voltaire (1694-1778), who
used Confucianism to challenge the religious
Himanchal Education Foundation.
'Welcome to Himanchal Education Foundation...
Our goal is
to support Himanchal High School in the remote village
of Nangi, Nepal, a school that is a prototype for
community-based educational development in rural
The site includes a
virtual tour of the
Exploring 'The Waste Land'. 'We shall not cease from exploration /
And the end of all our exploring /
Will be to arrive where we started /
And know the place for the first time.'
'As T.S. Eliot so eloquently points out, the only
way to learn about life (or about poetry) is by
exploring. This website will help you explore his
poem The Waste Land. This site will help you see the
many allusions Eliot uses in the poem, it translates
the non-English passages, and it shows lines from early
drafts of The Waste Land before it was edited into its
final form. What this site will not do is force upon
you a particular reading of the poem, nor will it
spoon-feed you "the meaning." '
Images and Sights of Mali.
'"So where are you teaching?" inquire my family and
friends. I tell them that I am teaching in Mali.
"Oh, Bali. That should be wonderful!"
"No, not Bali, it's Mali."
"Where's that?" they ask.
"Well, it's in West Africa. It's the country where
Timbuktu is located."
"I didn't know that there was such a place." '
'The evening paper Aftonbladet, founded in 1830 by
Lars Johan Hierta, started this special Sunday
supplement in 1907 - and it was in color, at least
the front and back pages were. "Brokiga Blad" was
published until 1930, very much modelled after French
magazines like "Petit Journal" or "Petit Parisien"...'
Christians of Iraq.
'Christians of Iraq trace their ancestry to the
ancient Assyrians and Babylonians. They are known
by various names such as Assyrians, Chaldeans for
those who belong to the Chaldean Church and Syriacs
for the members of the Syrian Orthodox church. There
is no specific statistics about the total population
of Christians in Iraq but they are estimated to be
about one million...'
The Evolution of the American Front Porch.
"Porches are as synonymous with American culture as
apple pie. While not unknown in colonial times, they
rose to nationwide popularity in the decades before
the Civil War, and remained in fashion for almost one
hundred years. Ironically, the very social and
technological forces that made them both popular
and possible were eventually responsible for their
BibliOdyssey. Books, illustration, history, science, eclectic bookart.
A visual and mental feast.
Extensive and constantly updated site of articles and
photographs on Thailand, Cambodia, Burma and other