Stones in My Pathway:
Photographs of Mississippi Blues Culture.
'Son Thomas spent most of his life as a day laborer,
grave digger, and part-time blues musician, while
entertaining at local parties around Washington
County. Despite international recognition late in
life as one of the South's most important blues and
folk artists, he still struggled to make a decent
living with his art. The afternoon I spent with him
talking about his life and hearing his music made an
indelible impression on me. I vowed to come back as
soon as I could. When I returned the following
Spring, Son was lying in a hospital bed dying of a
The Vincent van Gogh Gallery.
'I'm proud to say that I have the privilege of
displaying 100% of Vincent van Gogh's works and
letters--a complete, online catalogue raisonné of
Van Gogh's oeuvre. As you explore these pages, you'll
see the culmination of thousands of hours of work. '
The Art of Buddhism.
'Buddhism arose in an area bordering present-day
India and Nepal. As it spread across Asia, the
religion both influenced and was influenced by
the religious, cultural, and artistic life of the
regions it touched ...
This guide briefly introduces a few key
points about Buddhism in India, Tibet, China, and
Japan and presents examples of the majestic holdings
of Buddhist art in the Freer and Sackler galleries. '
The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima.
'In September of 1945, Bishop Franklin Corley
was sent to the Japanese city of Hiroshima as part
of the American occupation forces then entering that
country. As one of the first American soldiers to
enter the stricken city, he encountered many of the
people who were helping to re-establish order from
the chaos. One of these people was Father P. Siemes,
a German priest with the Novitists of the Society
of Jesus in Nagatsuki. Father Siemes was directly
involved in the post-bombing rescue, and had also
witnessed the explosion itself while barely avoiding
the bomb's lethal heat and shock waves...'
Evolution of Speechballoons.
'During the 18th century, British caricaturists
changed the shape of speechballoons from gothic
speech-bands or flags into fluffy balloons, our
modern speechballoons. '
'I'm using the word speechballoon as the general,
inclusive term. (The gothic form of speechballoons
are speechbands, flags, scrolls or sheets of paper,
the modern form of speechballoons are balloons, but
also little rectangles, often rounded at the edges,
or simply little blocks of text above the heads of
the speaker etc, etc). '
'The 18th century term for speechballoons was
'What would be the effects
on the Earth if the Moon exploded?'
For starters - no major tides; much darker at night;
no more eclipses.
More seriously - possible loss of the Earth's
meteorite shield; some
scientists have speculated that the churning of the
tides promotes life by
circulating nutrients - this would end; possible
orbital instability of
the Earth. Also, one theory of why moths are attracted
to lights is that
they use moonlight for navigation.
The Nine Planets Solar System Tour.
The IAU has changed the definition of "planet" so
that Pluto no longer qualifies. There are now
officially only eight planets in our solar system.
Of course this change in terminology does not affect
what's actually out there. In the end, it's not
very important how we classify the various objects
in our solar system. What is important is to learn
about their physical nature and their histories. '
Painted Product Murals.
'The painted graphic mural is a long tradition in
Mexico and its influence can be seen in hand painted
signage adorning the facades of many markets in East
and Central Los Angeles. Here the murals are used for
commercial purposes in depicting the products being
sold inside. The hand painted look and feel of the
signs is in contrast to the mass produced products
they represent, a mix of corporate product design
rendered with the hand of an idiosyncratic painter. '
Yoshitoshi: 100 Views of the Moon.
Somewhat spooky Japanese prints.
'Yoshitoshi's erratic career and personal life,
punctuated by periods of mental instability and
depression, mirrored the tumultous period during
which he lived. Yoshitoshi was keenly interested
in preserving traditional Japanese culture and
values and he used his art to this purpose by
choosing historic and legendary subjects for
many of his designs. '
'Back in the 1920s, in Vietnam, a group of
men holding a séance had an experience that led
them to found a new religion. It's called Cao Dai,
and it includes not only attempts to communicate
with spirits but the controversial teaching that
all religions share a common principle...'
They also believe in saints, spiritual mediums
who were influential and powerful during their
lifetimes, the likes of Shakespeare, Joan of Arc,
and Victor Hugo, the French poet and author of such
classics as LES MISERABLES and THE HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE
DAME. Hugo was chosen by God, they believe, to act
as an ambassador for Cao Dai to the Western world.'
The Absinthe Museum.
'An extensive reference collection of original
artifacts documenting every aspect of the history
of La Fee
Verte, from its use as a medicinal elixir in ancient
times, to its heyday as a fashionable aperitif in the
century and its prohibition at the beginning of the
The Hmong Migrations: Paintings by Cy Thao.
'Beginning with the Hmong creation story of the
original hatching from the egg of a butterfly to
the everyday life of Hmong Americans in St. Paul,
Minn., these images paint a history that emphasizes
the resilience and determination of a people.'
Arthur Szyk: Artist for Freedom.
'Arthur Szyk (1894 - 1951) was one America's
leading political artists during World War II,
when he produced hundreds of anti-Axis illustrations
and cartoons in aid of the Allied war effort.
Throughout his career he created art in the service
of human rights and civil liberties -- in his native
Poland, in Paris where he was trained during the
1920s, and in America, the country he adopted in
Art by prisoners.
'Because of who they are, how they live, and their
histories of poverty, abuse, and violence, many inmate
artists demonstrate extraordinary vision. They paint
without ambition because they are going nowhere,
without ego because it has been battered to shreds.
No matter how restrictive, oppressive, and humiliating
their lives are, they prove, through their art, that
they are capable of acting out of their highest
impulses. Transformation is a real possibility.
No one knows that better than former Warden Jack
Cowley. He was overheard talking to a fellow warden
about an incorrigible troublemaker, an inmate who was
sullen, uncommunicative, and quick to explode. "Bobby",
Cowley raised his voice, "Put a paintbrush in the
Place Names of the Yorkshire Dales.
'A place-name can contain a whole host of
information which distinguishes it from other
places in the immediate area - and Yorkshire
Dales place-names are no exceptions. Information
about the ancestors who gave their names to farms,
fields, rivers, hills, valleys, towns and villages
can easily be extracted. Yockenthwaite (Yoghan's or
Eoghan's clearing) or Embsay (Embe's enclosure or
hill) are such examples.'
Letters to Sala: A Young Woman's Life in Nazi
'In 1991, as 67-year-old Sala Garncarz Kirschner
prepared herself for triple bypass surgery, she
opened a painful chapter of her past. For nearly
five decades she had shielded her three children
from her Holocaust years, never talking about her
Polish Jewish family's experiences during World War
'One summer day that year, she approached her
daughter, Ann, carrying a red cardboard box that
had once contained a "Spill and Spell"
game. She held it out, saying, "You should have this."
Within the box was a small, worn brown leather
portfolio stuffed with letters, postcards, and
scraps of paper-an
amazing array of Polish, German, and Yiddish
writing, some of it barely legible, tiny and
cramped, some of it beautiful calligraphy. The
postcards were covered with stamp-size Hitlers
and thick "Z" stamps. "These
are my letters from the war," Sala told her
'Pico observed: "Everything was happening everywhere,
noisily, and the sheer energy and innocence
...recalled to me that more than a sage or a
crone, Bombay really resembles a mischievous boy
-- irritating, engaging, quick-witted, and so eager
to make good. Things may be collapsing all around him,
but still he cannot keep a smile from his face." '
Phisick Medical Antiques.
Vintage medical instruments
(including quack instruments).
'The collection started out as a handful of medical
items which were used for display and teaching
purposes in a London General Practice. '
'Over a period of time they have grown in number
and organising and developing the collection has
turned into a labour of love.'
'It seemed a shame to have rare and beautifully
crafted medical antiques collecting dust on a
shelf without an audience - hence the birth of
'What's 2 3/4 by 5 inches and can scare the hell
out of you? ' Thoughtful, balanced
article on Jack Chick's
fundamentalist comic tracts.
Mart - 'Tales of the Nations'.
'Stefan Mart was the narrator and illustrator of the
picture book Tales of the Nations, published in
Hamburg in 1933 by the "Cigarettenbilderdienst
Hamburg-Bahrenfeld" ("Cigarette Picture Service"). It
won the hearts of innumerable children and grown-ups
in the course of the six years that it was in print.
This was due above all to the 150 colour
illustrations: they were small in size, but strong in
expression, each a microcosm packed with action, each
a feast for the eyes like a beautifully set jewel;
everything was finely-drawn and clear, indeed with the
exaggerated clarity of the caricature; they all
radiated the shining, flaming colourfulness of modern
painting. These pictures stimulated the imagination
and the emotions, moved to laughter and to tears,
could frighten and warn. But above all, they gave rise
to astonishment - and they have continued to do so to
this day. '
'No vision, no interpretations, no artistic
contributions or ambiguities. This is simply a
faithful rendering of the decorations of the Moscow
metro, through some 450 photos and 27 panoramas.'
Advertising Artwork of
'Before Theodore Seuss Geisel found fame as a
children's book author, the primary outlet for his
creative efforts was magazines. His first steady job
after he left Oxford was as a cartoonist for Judge, a
New York City publication. In 1927 one of these
cartoons opened the way to a more profitable career,
as well as greater public exposure, as an advertising
illustrator. This fortuitous cartoon depicts a
medieval knight in his bed, facing a dragon who had
invaded his room, and lamenting, "Darn it all, another
dragon. And just after I'd sprayed the whole castle
with Flit" (a well-known brand of bug spray)...'
Advertisements in Harper's Weekly, 1857-72. The Civil
War products (metallic legs,
bullet-proof vests) are interesting.
'Selections from the Naxi Manuscript Collection
features ceremonial writings of the Naxi people of
Yunnan Province, China. The Library of Congress's Naxi
collection is the largest outside of China and is
considered one of the finest in the world. The Naxi
use a unique pictographic writing system that is
similar to the ancient Egyptian and Mayan writing
systems. It is the only living pictographic language
in the world today. This online presentation features
185 manuscripts, a 39½ -foot funerary scroll, and an
annotated catalog of the entire collection. '
'Like the name implies, these gardens are underground.
Working alone during his spare time and using only
hand tools, Baldasare Forestiere spent some 40 years
sculpting an underground complex ...'
Railroad Maps of the United States 1828-1900.
'The Railroad maps represent an important historical
record, illustrating the growth of travel and
settlement as well as the development of industry and
agriculture in the United States. They depict the
development of cartographic style and technique,
highlighting the achievement of early railroaders.
Included in the collection are progress report surveys
for individual lines, official government surveys,
promotional maps, maps showing land grants and
rights-of-way, and route guides published by
commercial firms. '
Seattle's Waterfront 2002-1907.
'Two panoramic photographs of the waterfront of
Seattle, Washington, taken from the same vantage point
- 95 years apart. They are presented in three
different sizes and four different methods, to
accommodate many viewers' preferences. The first two
methods are designed to work for Internet Explorer 4.0
and higher on Windows PCs, the second two should work
in most any browser. '
To the Moon:
to Luna (and Back).
'Recent discussions about restarting Manned
Exploration of the Moon deserves some reflection on
historical Lunar Missions. In all, since the first
serious try in 1958 (USA's Pioneer 0), men have
attempted 105 missions to the Moon, with two more
slated in the next couple of years. (For this site,
'Attempted Lunar Missions' are defined as spacecraft
that were launched with the goal of a lunar landing,
flyby or orbit). Of these 105 attempts, only 46
completed their missions successfully. Americans
launched 44 missions (with a 64% success rate), the
USSR attempted 59 missions (with a 34% success rate).
Japan has successfully launched one probe, with two
more to come, and the ESA has a single probe en route
to the Moon by 2005. '
'Did you know the first Earth Creatures to reach the
Moon were not American Astronauts, but Soviet Turtles,
or which year the first photos of the Moon's far side
were taken? '
The Abandoned City.
'On the outskirts of Taipei, Taiwan is an abandoned
housing project. I think they were built in the
early 80's as cheap housing that could expand
vertically while maintaining a very small footprint.
The 4 circular pods made it easy to manufacture
meanwhile providing it's occupants with plenty of
'The unique blue tiles of Isfahan's
Islamic buildings, and the city's majestic
bridges, contrast perfectly with the hot, dry
Iranian countryside around it, Isfahan is a
sight you won't forget. Not only is the architecture
superb and the climate pleasant, but there's a fairly
relaxed atmosphere here, compared with many other
Iranian towns. It's a city for walking, getting
lost in the bazaar, walking in beautiful gardens
and meeting people.'
Japan's Underground Photography.
'A enormous underground tunnel that runs through
40metres under the Hibiya Junction Tokyo or an
underground dome that lies 500metres below deep
in the mountains of Gunma...?
In Japan unimaginably large spaces underneath our
ground level lives exist. '
Walking New York.
'A fat lazy idiot tries to walk every street
in Manhattan.' And chronicles the journey
Sedna at Noon.
'Standing on Sedna - the solar system's most
distant known planetoid - your view of the Sun
at high noon might look something like this. '
Josh Agle aka SHAG: On the Shoulders of Giants.
'Out from Southern California Shag returned for
his fifth solo exhibition of original paintings
with shows in Melbourne and Sydney, both hosted by
Outre Gallery (of course). This time around Shag
looks to the classics of art history and takes
inspiration from some of his favourite paintings
infusing them with his own playful twists and crisp
My Grandad the Nazi.
'Dan Tetsell grew up with an uncomfortable
family secret - his grandfather was an SS officer.
The more he's got to know about him, the more Dan
realises his grandad was, in many ways, just an
ordinary guy. And that's what's worried him. '
Warlords of Afghanistan.
Profiles and caricatures of those who have played
key roles in Afghanistan since the 1980s - both
Afghan warlords and foreigners.
Cincinnati's Abandoned Subway.
'Abandoned tunnels are often the object of urban
legend, but Cincinnati is in fact the site of the
country's largest abandoned subway tunnel. But
"abandoned" is not quite the word, as construction
slowed to a stop in 1925 before even half of the 16
mile line was completed. Seven miles between
Cincinnati's central business district and the
industrial suburb of Norwood were tunneled,
bridged, or graded, but no track was laid and
no subway cars were ordered. No passengers ever
rode between the six stations that were built. '
'ASCII art is an artistic medium that relies
primarily on computers for presentation and
consists of pictures pieced together from the
95 printable characters defined by ASCII. '
'One of my vices (a victimless one, I think) is
collecting carte-de-visite photographs. Perhaps
the word collecting is too puffed up -
it implies more rigour and focus than I apply.
Anyway, I sometimes wander into junk shops and
rummage among the old photos. If a particular
subject, a pose, or a photographer's insignia
attract me, I might spend a dollar or two.'
What's a carte-de-visite?
'It's a small black and white photo stuck to
a card. It was invented in the 1850s, became
a world-wide craze soon after, and faded away
by the 1890s. Holding one of these little cards
evokes the Victorian world's social quirks and
Playbills from Edinburgh's Theatre Royal.
'Welcome to the website where you can find out
what was happening in Edinburgh's Theatre Royal
at the start of the 19th century. '
'The Theatre Royal was extremely important in
the revival of Scottish culture during this
period, and is often associated with popular
stage adaptations of novels by Sir Walter Scott.
We have digitised a selection of over 240 playbills,
which were used to advertise performances and events,
using originals in the collection of the National
Library of Scotland. '
Documenting History: Teenie Harris Archive.
'Teenie Harris' photographs are unsurpassed in the
range of subjects they portray and for their ability
to evoke the spirit of an era and to display the
humanity of a people. Harris' 40-year career with
the Pittsburgh Courier, one of the largest and most
influential Black newspapers in the country, began
as the nation emerged from the Depression and ended
with the Civil Rights Movement. Numbering upwards of
80,000 images, this archive represents the largest
single collection of photographic images of any Black
community in the United States-or the world, for
The Noble Dane: Images of Tycho Brahe.
'The Museum of the History of Science in Oxford
has a fine oil painting in its collections of an
imagined scene in the life of the sixteenth-century
Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). It was
painted in 1855 by Eduard Ender and shows Tycho
demonstrating a celestial globe to the Emperor
Rudolph II in Prague...'
Sullivan Ballou Letter.
Letter from a soldier in the American Civil War, to
his wife. Considered a classic, written one week
before he was killed.
'When he died, his wife was 24. She later moved to
New Jersey to live out her life with her son, William,
and never re-married. She died at age 80 in 1917.
Sullivan and Sarah Ballou are buried next to each
other at Swan Point Cemetery in Providence, RI.
There are no known living descendants.'
Walk Sydney Streets.
'Alan, 92, walks every street in 210 suburbs of
Sydney Australia - 558 photos'.
"You're a legend, Alan" - Hon Tony Abbott,
Australian Minister for Health (Heart Foundation
John Muir National Historic Site.
'This exhibit celebrates John Muir,
preservationist, writer and friend to
America's first national parks. It features Muir's
family and home in Martinez, California, including
personal belongings, photographs, and specimens that
New York City Walk.
'Over a Two Year Period , I walked every street
on the island of Manhattan.
Every darn street. Here you'll find images of the
walk and Manhattan 'off the beaten path'. Also an
interactive map of my favorite streets. '
Pictures You Can't Take Any More.
'Picture taken by YOU of places or things that
can not be taken anymore, either because the subject
doesn't exist or government restriction will not
allow any more pictures taken.'
Abe's Story...A Holocaust Memoir.
'Abram Korn was 16 when the Nazis invaded his
hometown of Lipno, Poland, on September 1, 1939,
the first day of World War II. He survived the
entire war as a Jewish prisoner, enduring the
ghettos, the horrific concentration camps, the
Death March from Auschwitz. Astoundingly, Abe kept
his sense of human dignity--with gangrenous feet he
struggled to stay on the healthy-workers list; with
scant supplies he bargained for food and coal and
helped others survive. Abe always believed he could
live one more day, and on April 11, 1945, when the
Buchenwald camp was liberated, he was finally
'Photographs taken in Nishi-ku and Naka-ku, Yokohama,
in August and October 2004 by Tom Gally'.
Collection of Indonesian Dance and Related
'Thousands of photographs of Indonesian costumes,
theatrical performances, and dance movements taken
by scholar Claire Holt and others, collected by her
in travels through the region in the 1930s and later.'
'I got the opportunity to go to Cuba for the first
time in 1976 with the Venceremos Brigade. The Brigade
had been going to Cuba since 1969, originally helping
with the sugar cane harvest while learning of Cuban
socialism. I, on the other hand, helped build a day
care center alongside Cuban construction workers.
During the day we hammered and sweated, at night we
talked politics, and on the weekend we toured the
island. I was impressed...'
'...With these photographs I have attempted to show
everyday life in Cuba. The images here are meant to
reinforce a belief that people are people, no matter
where they live and no matter what type of social or
political system they have chosen. '
The distinctive house styles of a
New Orleans district.
'Bywater is an urban area of approximately 120
squares (blocks) with a mixed residential and
commercial character. It began in the early
nineteenth century as a Creole, downriver, suburb
of the original City of New Orleans. Settlers
included Creoles, "free persons of color", Germans,
Irish, and later on Italian immigrants. These settlers
gave Bywater a distinctively Creole look that
contrasts with the American settled areas of
Windows through the Curtain:
Communist Store Windows.
'Between 1986 and 1990, I made approximately 8,000
color, Hasselblad images on the streets of Communist
Europe. I purposely avoided dramatic moments and
newsworthy events. In a cityscape without commercial
seduction, banality seemed to signify everything. At
first I was interested in simple pedestrian traffic.
Later I doggedly documented store windows. '
Apollo 8: The Earth First Seen.
'Apollo 8 was launched on December 21, 1968 with
Astronauts Frank Borman, the commander; James A.
Lovell, Jr., the command module pilot; and William A.
Anders, the lunar module pilot. The primary purpose
of the mission was to further progress toward the
goal of landing men on the Moon by gaining operational
experience and testing the Apollo systems...'
'... In this exhibition we present photographs of
the training, launch, and mission, and the astronauts
who participated in this enduring moment in
El Gusano, A Living Ghost Town.
'El Gusano - The Worm - in the Mexican state of
Guanajuato lies 15km down an unmarked dirt road. '
'It is a remittance town, dependent on those who left
to work in the US, many of them illegally. '
'Mexicans working abroad sent home around $20bn last
'Many in El Gusano do not want to leave their land,
customs and memories but faced with a lack of
opportunities at home and the lure of the US, there
is often no choice. '
'This digitized collection contains images of 180 drawings that depict the
Aboriginal peoples of North America as well as the fauna and flora of New
France in the late 17th century. The original drawings, done on parchment
with brown ink or brown ink and watercolour, are now held by the Gilcrease
Museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma.'
'Cambodia's arts scene includes a small but diverse
comics industry. Tales range from historical drama to
slapstick comedy. '
'The craze for postcards in Japan during the first
decades of the twentieth century was so great that
several women's magazines featured tear-cut cards to
promote their sales. Department stores, breweries, and
organizers of sporting events commissioned cards for
advertising. Furthermore, postcards became the favored
format for New Year's greetings--a popularity that
Louis City Hospital.
A history of a now-abandoned building. Photos.
'Think of this website as a very small part of the
possible ways to document the graceful buildings of
the City Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. Everything
here is just a selection -- literally, because I have
so many items that cannot be adequately displayed
online -- of some things one might find useful in
considering the lives and deaths of the buildings.
'Here you will find photographs, creative texts
inspired by the City Hospital, images of artifacts and
documents, and a basic history of the buildings. The
author assumes that you can assemble a meaningful
narrative from the items presented here; or, if you
are familiar with the historical and geographical
context of City Hospital, can connect these items to
others in a way that reshapes your conception of the
City Hospital. '
'We are a group of Israeli and Palestinian individuals
who were actively involved in the cycle of violence in
our area. The Israelis served as combat soldiers in
the Israel Defense Forces and the Palestinians were
involved in acts of violence in the name of
Palestinian liberation. '
'We all used weapons against one another, and looked
at each other only through weapon sights; however
today we cooperate and commit ourselves to the
Tobacco Bag Stringing in North Carolina and
'Throughout the tobacco-growing regions of the
American South during the Great Depression,
individuals and families earned much-needed
income by sewing drawstrings into small cotton
tobacco bags. This website presents images and
text from a report in the North Carolina Collection
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
documenting tobacco bag stringing work in North
Carolina and Virginia in 1939.'
Hugo Brehme: Postcards from Mexico.
'German photographer Hugo Brehme is considered
one of the outstanding photographers of Mexico.
He was born in Germany in 1882 and died in Mexico
in 1954. For over 40 years Brehme celebrated Mexico's
natural beauty in his scenic landscapes. More
importantly, he portrayed with considerable
sensitivity and artistry the rich ethnic mixture
of the Mexican people and their built environment --
a testimony to the converging of diverse cultures and
influences in an intriguing country that became his
The Virtual Memorial Garden.
'The VMG, is not a place of death, but somewhere
people can celebrate their family, friends and pets;
to tell the rest of us about them and why they were
Wail of the Wayang.
'Once the top entertainers of colonial-era
Singapore, the wayang, or Chinese street opera
performers, are slowly becoming a dying breed.'
A weekly writing challenge. E.g. :-
'You can take this prompt in several ways. My
first thought was: "If I was born in
Palestine/Sudan/Siberia/etc... to a
farmer/refugee/seal hunter/etc... who might I
have been?" '
Los Angeles in the 1900s: A Collection of
Articles, Illustrations and Advertisements.
'Los Angeles Herald supports Board of Education
policy forbidding married teachers.'
'Los Angeles population hits 102,479; city
'The Times accuses Herald reporters of boozing in
a bar and carousing with low women in their rooms.'
'A mechanical computer is unveiled in L.A.; cop
nabs bicyclists; Hollywood wants Sunset Boulevard
Jijichama's Diary. Via
The boyhood diary of Yoshio Nakatsu, who lived
from 1900 to 1969.
'In Northern Kyoto, in a town called Hanase, where
groves of cedars stand tall and beautiful, Yonejiro
Nakatsu was born the third son ...'
'He urged each of his daughters to follow her
individual path and with no lasting regrets he
left behind words for each family member
individually, and a feeling of ease and affection.
His was truly a fortunate life. '
In Pictures: Japan by Hiroji Kubota.
'Japan, an outdoor exhibition of monumental
photographs by Magnum photographer Hiroji Kubota
at More London on the Southbank, is the culmination
of four years spent documenting his native country. '
North Korean Propaganda Art Gallery.
'These images have been selected to demonstrate
the major themes in the art of North Korea encountered
by everyday people, including architecture,
billboards and monuments, posters, and other
art dedicated to the personality cults of the
late Kim Il Sung and his son, Kim Jong Il, the
current leader of North Korea. '
guide to McMurdo Station (near the South Pole),
and Antarctica generally.
'In the constellation of complaints, food and mail
are the brightest stars. There is little you can say
about either subject that has not already been whined,
moaned, or groaned about already. In the interest of
craftsmanship, it is best to remember that if you
are going to complain, then you should do so in a way
that entertains those around you, because no one
really feels sorry for you anyway. '