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31st January

The Vanished Gallery.
'In a coup on March 24, 1976, a military junta seized power in Argentina and went on a campaign to wipe out left-wing terrorism with terror far worse than the one they were combating. Between 1976 and 1983 - under military rule - thousands of people, most of them dissidents and innocent civilians unconnected with terrorism, were arrested and then vanished without a trace...'

The Impressionists: Degas, Monet, Morisot, Pissarro, Renoir.

Feng Shui, or, the Rudiments of Natural Science in China.
'This is a short monograph about Feng Shui, written by a European in the 19th century. Eitel is somewhat dismissive of Chinese culture, but he grudgingly admits that there may be some grain of truth in Feng Shui.'

'Modern Humorist' Valentine's Day Cards.

Glacier National Park, Montana. Travel, images, history.
'Recent archaeological surveys have found evidence of human use dating back over 10,000 years. These people may have been the ancestors of tribes that live in the area today. By the time the first European explorers came to this region, several different tribes inhabited the area. The Blackfeet Indians controlled the vast prairies east of the mountains. The Salish and Kootenai Indians lived and hunted in the western valleys. They also traveled east of the mountains to hunt buffalo...'

Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom. From the British monarchy's website.

Struggling to Eat. Photo-essay.
'As many as 12m people need food aid across southern Africa, after a lack of rain last year exacerbated by a systematic crisis...'

In Pictures: 1986 'Challenger' Disaster.

How Green Was My Valley. 'We bring this nostalgic photo exhibit, shot in 1976 in a rural town in India, of life at a slightly slower pace. '

The Chronicles of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Yale Alumni Magazine Back Issues. Interesting articles.

Chaosbit. Art on the Web.

30th January

The Woodland Wide Web: Woodland Grange Primary School. 'Welcome to the Woodland Wide Web ~ Woodland Grange Primary School Online. Our site has been built entirely in-school by staff and children with support from parents and governors and we are proud of our many awards...'

China Museums. Guide to museums in Beijing, Shanghai, Xian etc.

Art of the African Mask.

Jacques-Louis David: Empire to Exile. 'Image-maker to Napoleon. Political exile. Jacques-Louis David was the most famous-and controversial-artist of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.'

September 11th Tributes to Individuals.

The Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology, 1932.
'This is a study of the origins of classical Greek mythology in the Mycenaean era, which preceded the era of Homer, Hesiod and the dramatists by several hundred years, separated by a dark age...'

Sikkim Info. All about Sikkim, the Himalayan mountain state of India.

The People of Namibia. An overview of Nambia's ethnic groups.

The Northeastern University Voice. Online archives of a college publication.

The Serenity Prayer. ' For many years, long after the Serenity Prayer became attached to the very fabric of the Fellowship's life and thought, its exact origin, its actual author, have played a tantalizing game of hide and seek with researchers, both in and out of A.A. The facts of how it came to be used by A.A. a half century ago are much easier to pinpoint...'
AA History and Trivia.

29th January

The State of Wisconsin Collection.
'The State of Wisconsin Collection brings together, in digital form, two categories of primary and secondary materials: writings about the State of Wisconsin and unique or valuable materials that relate to its history and ongoing development. The collection includes published material as well as archival materials. The materials were digitized from a variety of formats including books, manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs, maps and other resources deemed important to the study and teaching of the State of Wisconsin. '

The Mozart Project.

Architecture of India.

The Official Roald Dahl Website.

Displaced in Northern Uganda.
'Since 1986, a rebel group calling itself the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has led an insurgency in northern Uganda. Though its stated objective is toppling the national goverment of Uganda, its victims have more often than not been the innocent bystanders and civilians of northern region. Thousands have been killed, hundreds of thousands have fled from their homes and live in displacement camps, and an estimated 20,000 children have been abducted by the LRA and forced to be rebel soldiers and wives. Here, a child's drawing of a battle between LRA rebels and the Uganda People's Defense Forces (UPDF), the government army, hangs in a counseling center for the war-traumatized...'

Fusang: The Discovery of America by Chinese Priests in the Fifth Century.
'One of the perennial pre-Columbian contact theories involves ancient visits by the Chinese to America. This is made plausible for several reasons. First of all, the voyage around the great circle route across the Pacific is facilitated by almost constant visibility of land and prevailing sea-currents. China had advanced maritime technology long before the European age of discovery, and historically were known to have taken long sea voyages to distant ports such as Africa, Arabia and India before Vasco de Gamma set sail. And lastly, there are suggestive Chinese accounts of lands far to the East in their chronicles. This book, written in the 19th century by Charles Leland, examines these records, and also reviews some of the evidence for such contacts. '

US Department of Transportation Online Special Digital Collections. Civil aeronautic manuals, historic air accident reports, etc.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Travel, history. From the Luxembourg Embassy in London.

Ctrl-Alt-Del. Geek comic.

Taste of World Peace: A Chocolate Cure to Conflict.

26th January

The Salvador Dali Museum.

The Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Lift Every Voice: Music in American Life.

Red, White, Blue and Brimstone: New World Literature and the American Millennium.

The Psychedelic 60s.

Papers of the Barrett Daycare Center 1935-. 'The Barrett Daycare Center, formerly the Janie Porter Day Nursery, has been providing quality child care for the Charlottesville community for over sixty years. The records of this facility document the growth, successes, struggles, and changes in the African-American community in Charlottesville. '

TV Cream. UK television nostalgia.

Columbia University Computing History. Via MeFi.

The Rake Today. Great blog.

The River Thames Whale.

CogPrints. 'Welcome to CogPrints, an electronic archive for self-archive papers in any area of Psychology, neuroscience, and Linguistics, and many areas of Computer Science (e.g., artificial intelligence, robotics, vison, learning, speech, neural networks), Philosophy (e.g., mind, language, knowledge, science, logic), Biology (e.g., ethology, behavioral ecology, sociobiology, behaviour genetics, evolutionary theory), Medicine (e.g., Psychiatry, Neurology, human genetics, Imaging), Anthropology (e.g., primatology, cognitive ethnology, archeology, paleontology), as well as any other portions of the physical, social and mathematical sciences that are pertinent to the study of cognition.'

25th January

The Living Edens: Costa Rica.

Orang-utan Foundation International. All about the 'old man of the forest'.

Coney Island.
'Coney Island is the story of a tiny spit of land at the foot of Brooklyn that at the turn of the century became the most extravagant playground in the country. In scale, in variety, in sheer inventiveness, Coney Island was unlike anything anyone had ever seen, and sooner or later everyone came to see it. "Coney," one man said in 1904, "is the most bewilderingly up-to-date place of amusement in the world." '

Garlic Central. All about garlic.

The Bisbee Deportation of 1917.
'The Bisbee Deportation of 1917 was an event specific to Arizona that influenced the labor movement throughout the United States. What started as a labor dispute between copper mining companies and their workers turned into vigilante action against the allegedly nefarious activities of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.). This site is a research-based collection of primary and secondary sources for the study of the deportation of over 1,000 striking miners from Bisbee on 12 July, 1917.'

Gleanings in Buddha Fields, 1897. All about Japanese Buddhism.

Kali the Mother, 1900.
'Margaret E. Noble was an Irish woman who was converted to Hinduism by the noted Indian Guru Vivekananda during the Victorian era. Under the name Sister Nivedita she devoted her life to selflessly serving the poor of India, particularly women, in Calcutta, providing education and medical care. This is a short book of essays which she wrote dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kali. '

Country Music Hall of Fame.

Bank ATMs Converted to Steal IDs of Bank Customers. Old but useful. Pictures of how to recognise it.

Psychology of Religion Pages.

24th January

Free Burma.

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Cleveland, Ohio.

Causes of Colors.

The Canela Indians of Northeastern Central Brazil.

The Enid Blyton Society.

The Three Stooges Online Filmography.

Crime Comic Books of the 40s and 50s.

Aymara. Indigenous people of Bolivia.

Zimbabwe's Junk Art.

William J. Clinton Presidential Library.

23rd January

Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling, 1891.
'The Gypsies, who call themselves Rom or Romany, are a nomadic culture which originated in India during the Middle Ages. They migrated widely, particularly to Europe, where they worked as farm laborers, metalworkers, scrapdealers, and horsetraders. They also made a living as entertainers, fortune tellers, and grifters. Persecuted by the Nazis, and discriminated against to this day, the Rom have a long tradition of magic and shamanism. As Leland points out, these practices have parallels with those of other traditional pagan cultures around the world.'

Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps for Georgia Towns and Cities 1884-1922.

Kabuki for Everyone. 'Kabuki is a traditional form of Japanese theater. It was founded early in the 17th century by Okuni, a shrine maiden who brought her unique and lively dance style to the dry river beds of the ancient capital of Kyoto, and over the next 300 years developed into a sophisticated, highly stylized form of theater...'

Cambodia in Modern History, Beauty and Darkness. 'The Beauty and Darkness project provides information on the recent history of Cambodia, particulary the Khmer Rouge period. This includes materials pertaining to Cambodia, as well as information about Cambodian refugees and immigrants abroad. '

Moonport: A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations, 1978. Space exploration history.

The Civil War Drawings of Edward Lamson Henry.
'The New York State Museum administers an outstanding collection of the works of Edward Lamson Henry (1841-1919), one of the country's most popular and prolific genre artists at the end of the nineteenth century. His meticulously crafted paintings of domestic life appealed to an audience nostalgic for idyllic images of a vanishing America, an America unsullied by rampant technology and the effects of a devastating Civil War. The Henry collection at the New York State Museum contains a significant group of Civil War images sketched on-site from "nature." '

Holkham Hall and Estate. A stately home in Norfolk, England.

American Posters of World War One.

Empire State Oil and Gas Information System.
'The Empire State Oil and Gas Information System is your complete resource for oil and gas data in the state of New York. In addition to allowing you to query and view data for all of New York's 32,000+ wells, we will be providing online access to maps, papers and other information important to New York's oil and gas industry. Whether you have been involved in New York's oil and gas industry for many years or you are just beginning to explore here in New York, the ESOGIS will provide you with a wealth of information delivered to your desktop.'

The August Bebel Internet Archive. German socialist, 1840-1913.

22nd January

Visible Language: Dante in Text & Image. Thanks, peacay.

The Treacherous Blue Books of 1847.
'It is impossible to over emphasise the importance of the 1847 Government Report on Education for social historians of mid nineteenth century Wales, because of the wealth of information contained in it on not only the appalling state of the education system in the country, but also on everyday life and work in both the industrialised and rural areas. It also contains direct comment on the religious and moral standing of the people of Wales. But the report is infamously remembered for the furore and agitation it caused in Wales because of the remarks of the three non-Welsh speaking Anglican commissioners regarding the Welsh language, Nonconformity and the morals of the Welsh people in general. As a result, the Report came to be known as 'Brad y Llyfrau Gleision', or 'Treachery of the Blue Books'...'

Shared Experience: Art & War.
'World War were shared ones. These countries were, after all, allies fighting a common enemy; they were also nations profoundly and historically linked politically, economically and socially; and, on notable occasions, they were involved in joint military operations. Geography, politics and military events created and shaped threats which demanded responses that were unique to each country. However, the common ground of Art and War - Australia, Britain and Canada in the Second World War is the impact the war had on individual lives: the men and women that feature in these works are shown waiting, preparing, fighting, suffering, celebrating.'

Oroville Chinese Temple.
'Built in 1863, the Oroville Chinese Temple served as a place of worship for a community of 10,000 Chinese residents. An innovative collaboration among the City of Oroville, Gloria Gee, the Library of Congress, and The Bancroft Library has resulted in online access to a digital archive of the Oroville Chinese Temple treasures.'

African Art: Aesthetics and Meaning.

Korean Buddhist Art.

Free Speech Movement Digital Archive.
'The Free Speech Movement (FSM) Digital Archives document the role of Mario Savio and other participants in the Free Speech Movement (University of California, Berkeley, September-December 1964), as well as its origins in political protest and civil rights movements and its legacy of political activism and educational reform that can be traced throughout the country and the world down to the present.'

A Shaker Legacy.
'The United Society of Believers in Christ's First and Second Appearing popularly known as Shakers because of their fervent religious dance, was a communal Christian religious society founded in Manchester, England by Ann Lee. In 1774, she brought her band of followers to Watervliet, near Albany, New York where they established their first community. At the movement's height in the mid-nineteenth century, there were 6000 Shakers living in Communities throughout the Northeast, Midwest and the South. Cardinal principles of their faith included celibacy, equality of the sexes, community of goods, oral confession of sins, pacificism, and withdrawal into their own communities from the "World." ...'

Toulouse-Lautrec. Biography, images.

Gustav Klimt. 'The work of the Austrian painter and illustrator Gustav Klimt, b. July 14, 1862, d. Feb. 6, 1918, founder of the school of painting known as the Vienna Sezession, embodies the high-keyed erotic, psychological, and aesthetic preoccupations of turn-of-the-century Vienna's dazzling intellectual world. '

Pure Abstraction. The art of Mondrian and Malevich.
'Shapes and colors have always had their own emotional force: the designs on ancient bowls, textiles, and furnishings are abstract, as are whole pages of medieval manuscripts. But never before in Western painting had this delight in shape as such, in color made independent of nature, been taken seriously as a fit subject for the painter. Abstraction became the perfect vehicle for artists to explore and unversalize ideas and sensations. '

The Nuremberg Trials.
'One journalist described it as a chance "to see justice catch up with evil." On November 20, 1945, the twenty-two surviving representatives of the Nazi elite stood before an international military tribunal at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany; they were charged with the systematic murder of millions of people.'
The ensuing trial pitted U.S. chief prosecutor and Supreme Court judge Robert Jackson against Hermann Göring, the former head of the Nazi air force, whom Adolf Hitler had once named to be his successor. Jackson hoped that the trial would make a statement that crimes against humanity would never again go unpunished. Proving the guilt of the defendants, however, was more difficult than Jackson anticipated.'

A Mohawk Iroquois Village.
'Three dioramas in this exhibit depict life in a Mohawk Iroquois village about 1600, before European influence greatly changed Iroquois culture. The dioramas include a scale model of an Iroquois village, part of a full sized longhouse with furnishings, and an agricultural field. This website presents scenes from these dioramas and explanatory text on Iroquois longhouses, village life and agriculture.'

The Disability Rights and Independent Living Movement.
'Welcome to UC Berkeley's website on the Disability Rights and Independent Living Movement. Discover our rich collection of primary sources exploring the social and political history of the disability movement from the 1960s to the present.'

The World Trade Center: Rescue Recovery Response.
'The World Trade Center: Rescue, Recovery, Response tells the history of the World Trade Center, the September 11 attacks, the rescue efforts, the evidence recovery operation at the Fresh Kills landfill, and the public response to the September 11th events. The exhibition includes many objects, images, videos, and interactive stations documenting this tragic chapter in New York and America's history, from the State Museum's comprehensive collection. '

La Cucaracha. Editorial cartoons.
'Lalo Alcaraz has drawn editorial cartoons in L.A. Weekly for 13 years and his daily nationally syndicated comic, La Cucaracha is the USA's only funny, political, Latino themed syndicated daily strip. Lalo sends his love for 2006 and some of his favorite strips and topics from 2005.'

Corrie. The 'Coronation Street' fans' website.

21st January

1895 US Atlas.

Religion and the Founding of the American Republic.

Art of the Silk Road.

England and the War, by Walter Raleigh.

Egil's Saga. Icelandic saga.

NNDB. 'NNDB is an intelligence aggregator that tracks the activities of people we have determined to be noteworthy, both living and dead. Superficially, it seems much like a "Who's Who" where a noted person's curriculum vitae is available (the usual information such as date of birth, a biography, and other essential facts.) '

Indian Postman. A day in the life of an Indian postie.

The Encounter Restaurant at Los Angeles Airport. Googie architecture!

The Shore Magazine. 'The Shore began as many creative projects do - the product of many years of conversation, sublimation, and procrastination. In the last of a series of drunken conversations on a warm vacation, something broke free of our minds and mouths and took control of our hands. '

Anne Frank.

19th January

The Flying Mystics of Tibetan Buddhism.

Into the Wardrobe: A C.S. Lewis Website.

Nuba Survival. The Nuba people of Sudan.

History of the United States Supreme Court. From the Supreme Court website.

Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky.

Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel. 'Whether you are driving north or south, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel showcases the mighty surge of the Atlantic Ocean, the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay, and the soaring grace of an engineering marvel. Both a tourist attraction and a travel convenience, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel connects Virginia's Eastern Shore with the Virginia mainland at Virginia Beach near Norfolk.'

France in America.
'Conceived in partnership with France's national library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, France in America /France en Amérique is a bilingual digital library made available by the Library of Congress. It explores the history of the French presence in North America from the first decades of the 16th century to the end of the 19th century.'

The Leonard Bernstein Collection.
'The composer, conductor, writer, and teacher Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) was one of 20th-century America's most important musical figures. The Leonard Bernstein Collection is one of the largest and most varied of the many special collections held by the Library of Congress Music Division...'

Apollo Lunar Surface Journal.
'The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. The Journal is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what happened during the missions and why. It includes a corrected transcript of all recorded conversations between the lunar surface crews and Houston. The Journal also contains extensive, interwoven commentary by the Editor and by ten of the twelve moonwalking astronauts. '

Badlands National Park.
'Located in southwestern South Dakota, Badlands National Park consists of 244,000 acres of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. The Badlands Wilderness Area covers 64,000 acres and is the site of the reintroduction of the black-footed ferret, the most endangered land mammal in North America. The Stronghold Unit is co-managed with the Oglala Sioux Tribe and includes sites of 1890s Ghost Dances...'

Buddhist Masters and Their Organisations.
'This page is intended as a resource for those who read a book by a master, see or hear him/her in the media, and wish to find out more. It is a guide to some of the more important masters, particularly those operating in the West, and to the organisations they create: the places you can go to find out more or practise their teachings. '

Indian Myth and Legend, 1913.
'This is the Gresham Myths and Legends volume for India. Of course, one person's myth is another's religion, in this case nearly a billion people. As opposed to most of the other volumes in this series (e.g. Egypt, Crete, Celtic), these 'Myths and Legends' are the basis for contemporary Hindu beliefs. Certainly, many Jews and Christians would take offense if the events of the Pentateuch were described as 'myths', and I beg the kind indulgence of Hindu readers of this etext...'

The Interior Castle, by St. Teresa of Avila.

Pembrokeshire Coast.
'This is Britain's only truly coastal national park. It's a spectacular landscape of rugged cliffs, sandy beaches, wooded estuaries and wild inland hills, and a place of sanctuary for wildlife.'
'People belong here, too. They have shaped the landscape over the centuries, leaving their mark in tombs and castles, crosses and cottages, quarries and quays...'

Against Hunger. Clicks for charity.

The Theodor Adorno Internet Archive. Marxist writer.

Monet in the National Gallery, London.

Maya Civilization - Past and Present.

Vintage Lovelies. Not safe for work.

Discover Chimpanzees.

18th January

Cold War Civil Defense Museum. US Cold War posters.

NASA's Solar System Exploration.

The Great Wall of China.
'This is a first-hand description of the Great Wall of China by Romyn Hitchcock from 1893. What makes this account so interesting is that it still preceded the Boxer Uprising and a number of events in Chinese history which left permanent marks of the Great Wall. Also, Hitchcock talks about the lack of prehistoric archeological sites in China in a few decades history will prove him completely wrong. '

The Imperial Family of Russia.
'Below is the story of the Russian imperial family published in Scribners monthly (December 1871) under the title "The Imperial Family of Russia." Naturally, this was written before the end of the Romanoff dynasty, marked by the brutal murder of Tzar Nicholas II and his family in 1918. '

Native American Indians of New Mexico.
'Below is an adaptation of an article by A. W. Bell called "On the Native Races of New Mexico, published in 1869. Although it is already over a 130 years old, it provides very useful insights into the life and history of Native Americans Indians in New Mexico. It discusses the tribes, the Spanish expeditions, as well as the migration patterns that led to the distribution of Indian tribes in the region. '
'The main Indian tribes discussed are the Pueblo, Pima, Papago, Navajo and Apache, all of which were still surviving in the 1860s when this study was written. Unfortunately, today some of them are already extinct. '

Book of Hours.
'From the large number still surviving, we know that the Book of Hours was the most popular book of the Middle Ages. Books of Hours were produced throughout Europe, but were especially popular in France and Flanders. These manuscripts were modelled on the Breviary used by the clergy, but in a shortened form and were used by the laity for their daily devotions. The core of the Book of Hours is the Hours of the Virgin divided into eight parts to be said at different times or hours of the day. The eight "hours" of prayer are matins, lauds, prime, terce, sext, vespers and compline. Several other prayers and texts accompany the Hours of the Virgin...'

Franz Kafka: Das Schloss.
'Someone must have been telling lies about you, because one fine morning, you wake up to find yourself in a new village, in a different country, and after remembering your unsettling dreams, you find yourself thinking of modest crow of a man with an enigmatic smile.'
'Welcome to the place that will help you sort out your little mess.'
'On your left is an endless hallway, on your right is an endless roadway, in front of you is a brick wall. Feel free to pick among the details as you please, everyone else does. But remember, "Das Schloss" means both the Castle and the Lock, and the keys are never quite as simple as they seem.'

The 'Endeavour' Botanical Illustrations.
'The voyage of HMS *Endeavour* (1768-1771) was the first devoted exclusively to scientific discovery. This site presents most of the botanical drawings and engravings prepared by artist Sydney Parkinson before his untimely death at sea, and by other artists back in England working from Parkinson's initial sketches...'

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.
'Jack Johnson, the first black heavyweight champion, whose reign lasted from 1908 to 1915, was also the first African American pop culture icon. He was photographed more than any other black man of his day and, indeed, more than most white men. He was written about more as well. Black people during the early 20th century were hardly the subject of news in the white press unless they were the perpetrators of crime or had been lynched (usually for a crime, real or imaginary). Johnson was different-not only was he written about in black newspapers but he was, during his heyday, not infrequently the subject of front pages of white papers. As his career developed, he was subject of scrutiny from the white press, in part because he was accused and convicted of a crime, but also because he was champion athlete in a sport with a strong national following...'

Early Tibetan Mandalas: The Rossi Collection.

Boston at the Movies: First Films of the City 1901-1905.

Charles Booth Online Archive.
'Charles Booth was one of those remarkable English Victorians who can justly be described as one of the great and the good. Profoundly concerned by contemporary social problems, and not a pious nor even a religious man, he recognised the limitations of philanthropy and conditional charity in addressing the poverty which scarred British society. Without any commission other than his own he devised, organised, and funded one of the most comprehensive and scientific social surveys of London life that had then been undertaken. Booth also added his voice to the cause of state old age pensions as a practical instrument of social policy to alleviate destitution in old age, established as one of the commonest causes of pauperism. Simultaneously he was a successful businessman, running international interests in the leather industry and a steam shipping line...'

Bumblebees of the World.

The New York Botanical Garden.

How a Boomerang Works.

Rabindranath Tagore.

Albert Einstein - Biography. From the Nobel website. Nobel lecture.

Germaine Arnaktauyok. Inuit artist.

600 Years.
'On the Friday evening of April 25, 1986, the reactor crew at Chernobyl-4, prepared to run a test the next day to see how long the turbines would keep spinning and producing power if the electrical power supply went off line. This was a dangerous test, but it had been done before. As a part of the preparation, they disabled some critical control systems - including the automatic shutdown safety mechanisms...'

Dairy Science and Technology.

17th January

World Exhibition 1937 Paris, Spanish Pavilion. 'The Spanish Pavilion was one of the Exhibitions major attractions, even though the building was small in size compared to the monumental buildings of the Soviet Union and Germany. The Pavilion was designed by Jose Luis Sert with the assistance of Luis Lacasa. Opening was at the 12th July 1937...'

Mekong Lifeways. Vietnamese village life.

Water Ways. Communities of the US mid-Atlantic region.

The Top 100 American Speeches of the 20th Century.

Museum of Yo-yo History.

Andreas Vesalius: De Humani Corporis Fabrica. A Renaissance atlas of the human body.

The Web Concordance. Online guides to the poetry of Shelley, Keats, Coleridge, William Blake and Gerard Manley Hopkins.

Kunisada and Kabuki. Japanese prints.

Honky Tonks, Hymns and the Blues: American Music from the Back Roads to Big City.
'Each Friday from 07/4/03 to 09/12/03, Honky Tonks, Hymns and the Blues invoked American musical traditions on* NPR's Morning Edition.* These country sounds are the building blocks of America's popular music. The weekly Honky Tonks segments explored the roots music with historic performances, rare archive tape, and interviews with artists including country legend Merle Haggard, bluesmen Honeyboy Edwards and Taj Mahal, and fiddle greats Alison Krauss and Mark O'Connor.'

Pastimes and Paradigms: Games We Play.
'The Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections investigates the evolution of games since 1800 through PASTIMES AND PARADIGMS : GAMES WE PLAY. The exhibition includes a wide variety of antique and contemporary games, as well as rare books on rules, strategies, and recreation. Featured items include early nineteenth-century geographical board games; a Civil War game; suffrage games that garnered support in the battle for women's votes; a vintage Monopoly game (the subject of Cornell President Jeffrey Lehman's first book); gambling punchboards; and a selection of games inspired by television programming. Although they differ in design and presentation, they share a single message: the game is the medium.'

Love's Coming-of-Age, 1906.
'This short book of essays by Edward Carpenter is a look at gender roles at the start of the 20th century, and his prescient vision of how those roles might evolve. In the past century many of his then-utopian predictions have come to pass, such as rational sexual education, greater equality for women, recognition of a spectrum of sexual identities, widespread acceptance of trial and open relationships, and the amelioration of the stifling nature of traditional marriage. Some of these predictions, inevitably, such as the use of 'Karezza' (extended coitus without ejaculation) for contraception, and a communist society leading to the liberation of women from the drudgery of housework, have fallen flat. '

A Look Inside the Human Body.
'This site was designed to help children learn about how our body works. The information is presented in an easy to read format with colourful diagrams to assist understanding. The site has been operating for over 3 years now and I have received lots of positive feedback. '

Malcolm X: A Research Site.

The Bluegrass Museum.
'Welcome to the official website of the International Bluegrass Music Museum, located in Owensboro, Kentucky!'
'The MISSION of the International Bluegrass Music Museum is to develop and maintain an environment in which people of all ages can discover the richness of bluegrass music through an exciting and educational experience. '

Dying To Be Thin.
'Welcome to the companion Web site to *"Dying to be Thin," *originally broadcast on December 12, 2000. The film examines a disturbing increase in the prevalence of debilitating and sometimes life-threatening eating disorders, particularly anorexia and bulimia. '

Cote d'Ivoire, October 2000. 'The people of Cote d'Ivoire wrote a notable chapter in their history October 22-30 as the country, inspired by events in Serbia, underwent unprecedented upheavals akin to the 'velvet revolutions' of eastern Europe. Urged on by Laurent Gbagbo, the candidate who won most votes in the election, a coalition of civilians resisted efforts by incumbent dictator Robert Guei to cling to power...'

Indigenous Arctic People.

Raphael in the National Gallery, London.

The Unofficial Smiley Dictionary. :)

Salam Iran. All about Iran, by the Iranian embassy in Ottawa.

16th January

Restoring a Masterwork. Art.
Guercino's 'Erminia and the Shepherds'. 'Over the course of ten weeks in the fall of 2004, paintings conservators Joan Gorman and David Marquis of the Upper Midwest Conservation Association conducted a major conservation treatment of Guercino's Erminia and the Shepherds during public viewing hours. Museum visitors could observe each stage of the restoration process, as the conservators restored the painting to its original appearance of 350 years ago.'
Castiglione's 'The Immaculate Conception'. 'This online exhibition presents the perspectives of curators and conservators on the history, symbolism, and restoration of Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione's seventeenth-century painting, The Immaculate Conception with Saints Francis of Assisi and Anthony of Padua. The restoration process was documented in the fall of 1999 through text, photography, and video.'

A Tribute to Oscar Peterson. Jazz.
'Internationally renowned, Canadian jazz pianist Oscar Peterson has entertained the world with his mastery and prowess over the piano for over 40 years. Born in a limestone house on Montreal's Delisle Street on August 15, 1925, he was the fourth of five children to his parents, Daniel and Kathleen. All of the Peterson children (Fred, Daisy, Charles, Oscar and May) were introduced to music in a good way before any of them can remember. Their father, a porter with Canadian Pacific Railways who learned to play piano on his own while in the merchant marine, taught his children all he could until they achieved a certain proficiency. It was at this point, during his high school years, that Oscar came to study with an accomplished classical pianist, Hungarian Paul de Marky, who taught Oscar "technique and speedy fingers". He also helped Oscar come to believe that he had something special to give to the music world...'

Japanese Historical Maps.
'When the University of California at Berkeley purchased the Mitsui Library from the Mitsui family in1949, included among the 100,000 items was a collection of 2,298 maps which had been assembled by Mitsui Takakata (penname: Soken) (1882-1950), the 9th head of the Shinmachi branch of the family. The most unusual part of the collection is the 697 woodblock-print maps (and a few dozen manuscript maps) dating from the Tokugawa period (1600-1867)...'

The Crooked Road: Virginia's Heritage Music Trail.

The Tiki Room.
'Hanford Lemoore's Tiki Room is a collection of rants, reviews, links, art -- pretty much anything that falls into or close to tiki pop culture...'

Feynman Online. 'This web site is dedicated to Richard P. Feynman, scientist, teacher, raconteur, and musician. He assisted in the development of the atomic bomb, expanded the understanding of quantum electrodynamics, translated Mayan hieroglyphics, and cut to the heart of the Challenger disaster. But beyond all of that, Richard Feynman was a unique and multi-faceted individual...'

The Rudiments of Wisdom. 'Thousands of cartoons covering almost everything there is to know!'

The Digital Archive of Cambodian Holocaust Survivors. 'In the loving memories of the Cambodian people who died under the Khmer Rouge Regime from 1975 to 1979, we, Khmers and concerned friends of Cambodia, have formed an ad hoc group to establish the Digital Archive of Cambodian Holocaust Survivors. We call upon you to participate in the preservation and protection of the memories of Cambodian holocaust survivors of Angkar. '

Pieter Pauwel Rubens. Comprehensive art collection.

Kabuki. 'The art, the plays, the great stars of today, the legends of the past, the theaters, the history, the glossary, the traditions, the heroes and the derivatives.'

Hidden America. 'We call Hidden America 'a site dedicated to On The Road Americana'. We like to think of ourselves as an off-the-beaten path turn on the information highway. '

Arctic Circle. All about the far north.
'The Arctic Ocean is the centerpiece of the Circumpolar North. Lands bordering this region include those of Alaska, Canada, Greenland/Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. Throughout this immense area, economic developers search for oil, gas, zinc, silver, coal, and similar marketable products. In Alaska, especially, a major problem restricting this development is land withdrawal - millions of acres having been set aside for national or regional parks, military reserves, forests, wildlife refuges, and wilderness areas...'

Celtic Myth and Legend, 1905.
'Part of the 'Myths and Legends' series published by Gresham in the early 20th century, 'Celtic Myth and Legend' is actually a reissue of a 1905 work, 'The Mythology of the British Islands'. It differs from the rest of the Gresham series because it is a bit more scholarly (it actually has an adequate set of footnotes) and a bit more didactic. There is an extensive index with over 8,000 references (all hyperlinked here). Another great feature is a glossary of dozens of Irish and Welsh words and phrases with phonetic transcriptions--finally everyone can learn how to properly pronounce terms such as 'Táin Bo Chuailgné' and 'Pwyll'! This is a good thing...'

Boston University Astronomy Department: Astrophotography. 'Here you will find images and links to pages containing images taken by members of our community: students, staff members, alumni, etc.'

Kaddish. The Jewish mourning prayer.

Motorola Advertisements.
'These early 1960s paintings were done for Motorola as part of their consumer products ads series, "Fresh from Motorola... new leader in the lively art of electronics" (scanned from Taschen's "The Golden Age of Advertising – The 60s")...'

A Journey in Southern Siberia.
'Jeremiah Curtin, writer, polyglot, ethnographer and folklorist, travelled in 1900 to central Siberia to study the religion and folklore of the Buryat people. The Buryats are one branch of the Mongols, who at one point conquered a large swath of Asia, Europe and India. Their home is around Lake Baikal in central Siberia. The first third of this book is a travelogue which describes Curtin's Siberian journey; this is a fascinating glimpse at Tsarist Siberia just before the Revolution. The last two-thirds of the book is an extraordinary record of the mythology of the Buryats. The lore is of great interest, resembling its fluid, dreamlike narrative the Native American tales. There are many elements found elsewhere through Asia and Europe such as epic horses (and horse sacrifices), battles with giants, a World-mountain and 'the water of life', (see The Epic of Gilgamesh). There are also unique elements such as heroes with oracular books embedded in their bodies. '

Virginia May. Outsider artist.

Jimmy Carter.
'Jimmy Carter traces the ascent of an ambitious country boy from a peanut farm in Plains, Georgia, to the Oval Office; it examines the failings of Carter's political leadership in the context of the turbulent 1970s; and explores the role religion played in his career. '

Augustine of Hippo.
'Augustine of Hippo (354-430 AD) took great pains to create and project a powerful image of himself beyond the churches and towns where he wrote and taught in Roman north Africa. He succeeded in this self-presentation beyond his wildest dreams...'

14th January

Apples & More.

The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War.

The Voynich Manuscript. The world's most mysterious book.
'In 1912, the antiquarian book dealer Wilfrid M. Voynich bought a number of mediaeval manuscripts from an undisclosed location in Europe. Among these was an illustrated manuscript codex of 234 pages, written in an unknown script...'

Victorious Durga. Javanese images of the Hindu goddess who conquered the Buffalo Demon.

The Amish, 1938.
'This is a short pamphlet about the Amish written in the 1930s by A.M. Aurand, Jr., a local Pennsylvania writer who self-published a number of similar booklets. Written in a conversational style, this outsider account is sympathetic and provides a surprising amount of detail about Amish and Mennonite religious beliefs and practices. Because Amish life is deeply conservative, this treatment remains useful for understanding their culture, even though it was written decades ago. '

The Voyage of Bran. 'This is Kuno Meyer's translation of the old Irish saga, the Voyage of Bran. In this magical odyssey to the limits of reality, Bran takes a characteristically time-dilated journey to a distant isle of luxury. On return, he learns that ages have passed and he and his expedition have already passed into myth. He can never again touch the soil of his homeland and sails off again. The text references ancient Celtic gods and also contains quasi-prophetic passages added at a later date by Christian scribes. '

Keweenaw National Historical Park, Michigan.
'Just as the penny in your pocket has touched many lives and places, so has the copper of the Keweenaw. '
From over 7,000 years ago to the 1960s people have quarried or mined the rich copper deposits of the Keweenaw. First, it was Native peoples that fashioned the copper into tools and trade items. Much later came the eastern investors and immigrants in one of the nation's first large mineral rushes. '
'Copper built thriving industries and cosmopolitan communities in this remote, wild land. Mining companies like Calumet & Hecla and Quincy left a lasting mark on the land, communities and people. When the mines closed, their loss brought hardship and heartache...'

Ellis Island National Monument. 'Ellis Island was incorporated as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument on May 11, 1965. Between 1892 and 1954, approximately 12 million steerage and third class steamship passengers, who entered the United States through the port of New York, were legally and medically inspected at Ellis Island. Reopened on September 10, 1990 after a massive restoration, the Main Building on Ellis Island is now a museum dedicated to the history of immigration and the important role this island claimed during the mass migration of humanity in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. '

The Cabinet of Curiosities. Science history.
'This Cabinet holds many treasures. Two hundred years of Australian science are arrayed for exploration and reflection. The curiosities contained are those of Australia's men and women of science, and your own.'

Identities: Contemporary Art in Lhasa, Tibet.

Atomic Spectroscopy. A compendium of basic ideas, notation, data, and formulas.

The Ancient City of Athens. 'The Ancient City of Athens is a photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens (Greece).'

Calculating Machines. A history.

The Making of Ann Arbor. History of Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Clamor i Murmuri: Barcelona Graffitis.

New York Proclaimed: Photographs by Evelyn Hofer.

Panoramic Views of Paris Metro Stations.

Traditional Tlingit Map.

The Hero Tales of Ancient Iran.

The Life of Charlemagne.

Learn Tamil.

12th January

American Indians and the Natural World. Native America.

Drawings from Leonardo to Titian.
'This exhibition offers highlights from the Getty's collection of North Italian Renaissance drawings, focusing on the work and influence of Leonardo da Vinci and Titian.'

The Golden Age of Jazz. Classic photos from the 1930s and 1940s.

Calendars Through the Ages.

Thomas Layton & His Collection.
'This website celebrates the legacy of Thomas Layton, who lived in Brentford, Middlesex, between 1826 and 1911.'
'He was committed to Brentford and served on various local bodies for over 45 years, helping to develop many new buildings and services for the growing town.'
'Thomas Layton was also an avid collector of books, prints, maps and archaeological artefacts. On his death he left this remarkable collection of over 20,000 objects to the people of Brentford.'

The Courtly Art of the Ancient Maya.
'Dominated by the king, the Maya court was the focus of religious and political life. Within palace chambers and behind swag curtains, the king ruled from his throne, where he reclined on jaguar pelts in settings often prepared for feasts, with plentiful tamales, pots of frothy chocolate drink, and flowers. Dwarfs and hunchbacks served as his trusted counselors, while musicians played wooden trumpets and horns made from conch shells...'

Explore the Taj Mahal.

A Critical History of Computer Graphics and Animation.

Hara Shobo Japanese Ukiyo-e Prints.

Googie Architecture Online.
'Googie architecture was born of the post-WWII car-culture and thrived in the 1950s and 1960s. Bold angles, colorful signs, plate glass, sweeping cantilevered roofs and pop-culture imagery captured the attention of drivers on adjacent streets. Bowling alleys looked like Tomorrowland. Coffee shops looked like something in a *Jetsons* cartoon.'
'For decades, many "serious" architects decried Googie as frivolous or crass. But today we recognize how perfectly its form followed its function. ..'

Hero-Legends of the British Race, 1910.
'This entry in the G.G. Harrap "Myths and Legends" series is slotted as the "British" volume; however it covers a wide range of Northern European legends, including Beowulf, Roland, Cuchulain and Robin Hood. With legends from Iceland, Spain, Ireland and Constantinople, the common theme here is not 'British' legends *per se*, but heroic characters from the dark and middle ages. Notably, Ebbutt includes a number of memorable heroines as well, including the Irish Countess Cathleen, who bargained her soul to relieve a famine, the 'Loathly Lady,' redeemed by the love of Sir Gawain, and Rymenhild, who (uncharacteristically for the genre) seduces the Childe Horn, motivating his story arc towards knighthood...'

Florilegium Urbanum: Medieval English Urban History.
'The aim of Florilegium Urbanum is to provide a considered selection of primary source texts illustrative of various aspects of medieval urban life, and to present those texts in modern English. The texts have been translated from the original Latin or Anglo-Norman French, or converted from Middle English; the language of the original is indicated in the header for each document. My underlying purpose is not simply to put online a set of primary documents, however, but to provide a richer understanding of medieval English towns and townspeople by presenting extracts from medieval records in a framework of commentary and explanation that will, I hope, give readers better insight into the character, perspectives and preoccupations of urban society. '

The Quartz Watch. What's inside your wristwatch?

Colourful Impressions: The Printmaking Revolution in 18th Century France.
'Accustomed as we are today to seeing color in images in every conceivable medium, color prints hardly seem revolutionary. Color was in fact a regular ingredient in prints from their invention in the early 1400s, but at that time color was always applied by hand. The invention of ways to create realistic-looking printed color took another three hundred years. The breakthrough came in the 1720s when the German artist Jakob Christoffel Le Blon printed the first full-color images with just three basic inks--blue, red, and yellow--printed one on top of the other from separate plates. He later added black to the mix and thus invented a primitive version of the four-color separation printing technique that is still used today for the production of color images...'

Canberra House.
'Modernism was the dominant architectural movement of the twentieth century and flourished in Australia between 1945 and 1960. This website tells the story of modernist residential architecture in Canberra, Australia's capital, through profiles of significant houses, architectural styles, biographies and other resources. '

The Lucien Sanial Internet Archive.
'Sanial was a pioneer of Marxist ideas in America He was born in France as Lucien Delabarre. Sent by a French newspaper to report on the American Civil War, he settled in the US, where he became active in the labor movement as an advocate of the formation of an independent working-class party. In 1877, he joined the Socialistic Labor Party (the forerunner of the DeLeonist Socialist Labor Party). Even before De Leon joined in 1890, he was one of the prominent members of the Marxist wing that won control of the party in 1889...'

Trajan's Column.
'This is a site for exploring the Column of Trajan as a sculptural monument. The core of the site is a searchable database of over 500 images focusing on various aspects of the design and execution of the column's sculptural decoration. These images (slides and drawings) were generated by and for sculptor Peter Rockwell, over the course of his study of Roman stone-carving practices. The aim of this site is to make these images available to the widest possible public, in a form that can contribute both to ongoing study by specialists and to enjoyment and appreciation of the monument by the general public. '

Hadrian's Wall.
'Welcome to the new website for Hadrian's Wall Country. We hope that the information within the website will give you a flavour of the range of activities, attractions, accommodation and events in this unique part of England. We hope that by reading on - we will look forward to welcoming you to the area. After your visit, why not feedback your comments to help us improve the information provided and actual experience for future visitors...'

Chaco Canyon.
'Chaco Canyon is a shallow, ten-mile canyon situated in the northwest corner of New Mexico. Seventy miles from the nearest town and accessible only by washboard dirt roads, it's remote by today's standards. The canyon itself has been carved from ancient sea beds by centuries of erosion. Millions of years of history reveal themselves in the layers of rock and the fossils embedded therein.'
'At an elevation of 6,200 feet, Chaco is a high desert, sun-scorched in the summer and bitterly cold in the winter. Despite these harsh conditions, evidence of human presence in the area stretches back to as early as 2900 BC. These groups were largely nomadic, until around AD 200, when the first farmers settled in the area and built small pit houses...'

Ingres. Online gallery.

Himalayan Art: Collection on Nyingjei Lam. 'The Nyingjei Lam Collection includes outstanding examples of Tibetan sculpture as well as works from Eastern India, Kashmir and Nepal. A great strength of the collection is the exquisite portrait bronzes.'

Anderson Wintercount.
'A winter count is a pictographic calendar or calendar history composed of ideographs or glyphs. These tribal records were kept by Blackfeet, Mandan, Kiowa, and especially the Lakota or Teton Sioux. There are approximately 100 in existence (but many of these are duplicates)...'

The Badger Yearbooks.
'The first yearbook of the University of Wisconsin was published in April 1884 and called the Trochos, which is a Greek word for badger. The second yearbook, also called Trochos, was not published until 1887. The first Badger was published in February 1888, and the Badger was published until 2003, with one hiatus in 1973-74. The Alumni Association helped publish volumes for those two years which basically only contain student photographs...'

London's Industrial Heritage. Photos from the 70s and 80s. Via the Cartoonist.

Rain Taxi. Online literary magazine.

Inspector Morse. UK TV.

Hunting Slime Moulds.

11th January

From Filippo Lippi to Piero della Francesca: Fra Carnevale and the Making of a Renaissance Master.

A Century of Progress: The 1933-34 Chicago World's Fair.

Chartres: Cathedral of Notre-Dame.
'Chartres Cathedral is among the best preserved of the major French cathedrals, with extensive programmes of sculpture and stained glass. It was a major site of pilgrimage in honour of the Virgin Mary, to whom the cathedral is dedicated.'

George Catlin's Indian Gallery.
'George Catlin (1796-1872) journeyed west five times in the 1830s to paint the Plains Indians and their way of life. Convinced that westward expansion spelled certain disaster for native peoples, he viewed his Indian Gallery as a way "to rescue from oblivion their primitive looks and customs." ...'

The Emergence of Advertising in America 1850-1920.
'Emergence of Advertising in America presents over 9,000 images relating to the early history of advertising in the United States. The materials, drawn from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University, include cookbooks, photographs of billboards, print advertisements, trade cards, calendars, almanacs, and leaflets for a multitude of products. Together, they illuminate the early evolution of this most ubiquitous feature of modern American business and culture. '

Sir Thomas More.
Biography. 'Thomas More was born in Milk Street, London on February 7, 1478, son Sir John More, a prominent judge. He was educated at St Anthony's School in London. As a youth he served as a page in the household of Archbishop Morton, who anticipated More would become a "marvellous man."1. More went on to study at Oxford under Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn. During this time, he wrote comedies and studied Greek and Latin literature. One of his first works was an English translation of a Latin biography of the Italian humanist Pico della Mirandola. It was printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1510...'
More's last letter.

The Charles Fourier Internet Archive. French utopian socialist, 1772-1837.
"Equality of rights is another chimera, praiseworthy when considered in the abstract and ridiculous from the standpoint of the means employed to introduce it in civilisation. The first right of men is the right to work and the right to a minimum [income]. This is precisely what has gone unrecognised in all the constitutions. Their primary concern is with favoured individuals who are not in need of work."

A Book of Five Rings, classic text on military strategy and martial arts, written by Miyamoto Musashi around 1645.
'Miyamoto Musashi was born in 1584, in a Japan struggling to recover from more than four centuries of internal strife. The traditional rule of the emperors had been overthrown in the twelfth century, and although each successive emperor remained the figurehead of Japan, his powers were very much reduced. Since that time, Japan had seen almost continuous civil war between the provincial lords, warrior monks and brigands, all fighting each other for land and power. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the lords, called daimyo, built huge stone castles to protect themselves and their lords and castle towns outside the walls began to grow up. These wars naturally restricted the growth of trade and impoverished the whole country...'

Barber Shop Signs from West Africa.
'Indigo Arts presents a collection of painted signboards from barber shops and hair-dressers in Ghana, Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, and Togo . Brightly painted in commercial housepaints on plywood or masonite, these signs are a colorful, humorous, and sometimes outrageous contemporary African folk art. They reflect both the ancient African tradition of hairbraiding and hair-cutting and the cultural clash of imported (usually American) influences. '

Homeless International.

Great Apes Survival Project.
'Great ape populations are declining at an alarming rate worldwide. The continuing destruction of habitat, in combination with the growth in the commercial bushmeat trade in Africa and increased logging activities in Indonesia, have lead scientists to suggest that the majority of great ape populations may be extinct in our lifetime. Even if isolated populations were to survive, the long-term viability of great apes is in doubt due to their limited numbers and the fragmentation of their habitat. Thus, drastic action is needed. Time is not on our side.'

The Charu Mazumdar Reference Archive. Indian Communist, 1918-72. Died in police custody.

National Low Income Housing Coalition. 'The National Low Income Housing Coalition is dedicated solely to ending America's affordable housing crisis. We believe that this is achievable, that the affordable housing crisis is a problem that Americans are capable of solving. While we are concerned about the housing circumstances of all low income people, we focus our advocacy on those with the most serious housing problems, the lowest income households. '

Virtual Central Park. NYC.

The Hoagy Carmichael Collection.
'This multimedia web site is part of an 18-month project to catalog, digitize, and preserve every item in Indiana University's extensive collections pertaining to the life and career of master songwriter Hoagland "Hoagy" Carmichael (1899-1981). Carmichael grew up in Bloomington, Indiana, and graduated from the Indiana University (IU) School of Law. He composed his enduring pop standard, "Star Dust," in Bloomington, and the story of its creation has become an integral part of local history...'

Sacramento History Online.

Early British Kingdoms.

Banglapedia. National encyclopaedia of Bangladesh.

Titian at the National Gallery, London.