Phoebe Anna Traquair: Illustrated Poems from the
'Phoebe Anna Traquair's exquisite illustrated
manuscript of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's 'Sonnets
from the Portuguese' is one of the National Library
of Scotland's treasures.'
'Made in Edinburgh between 1892 and 1897, it is
among the finest examples of the work of Scotland's
leading artist of the Arts and Crafts movement. '
Fine collection of vintage photos of totem poles from
The Indian Kitchen.
Photographs of kitchens of India.
'This collection of scenes in various forms of Indian
kitchens were taken over several decades and across
many social classes. A careful study of these
photographs indeed provides an insight into many
aspects of Indian culture. '
Songs of the Russian People.
'This book, despite its title, is a treasure-trove of
Slavic mythology, tradition, folklore and ethnography.
There are plenty of songs, not only from Russia but
every part of the Slavic region from Serbia to
Siberia. The songs are used as a starting point
for a wide-ranging discussion of pre-industrial
Slavic peasant life, including weddings, funerals,
witchcraft, demonology, games, riddles, and seasonal
The Story of Rama.
'The story of Sri Ramachandra, the prince of Ayodhya
is the one most often told in India. Rama was the
eldest son of king Dasharatha who had three wives.
The youngest of the wives Kaikeyi tricked the king
into making her son as the descendent to the throne
and made Rama go to the forest in relinquishment...'
Rosa Luxemburg Internet Archive.
"Freedom only for the supporters of the government,
only for the members of one party -- however numerous
they may be -- is no freedom at all. Freedom is always
and exclusively freedom for the one who thinks
differently. Not because of any fanatical concept
of 'justice' but because all that is instructive,
wholesome and purifying in political freedom depends
on this essential characteristic, and its
effectiveness vanishes when 'freedom' becomes a
special privilege." - from 'The Russian Revolution'.
Propaganda - A Weapon of War.
'Propaganda - A Weapon of War is a small snapshot of
Second World War propaganda that can be found in the
National Library of Scotland's collections.'
'Between 1939 and 1945, both Allied and Axis
Governments greatly influenced wartime behaviour
and attitudes through propaganda. This took various
forms: the printed word and pictorial leaflets, radio
broadcasts and cinema and poster campaigns...'
A Tribute to My Grandfather.
'During the 1950s and throughout the sixties, he
built life-size statues of animals, relatives,
religious figures, prominent Tennesseans and other
famous Americans. He was a self-taught artist who
made them out of concrete using pipes and wire as
reinforcement. He used stove pipes as molds for
making the pillars to the monuments. He inscribed
captions at the base of his monuments. Most of the
statues were placed in a row in clear view of people
passing by on Buck Smith road...'
Corto Maltese. The great Italian
'Corto Maltese, the lonesome adventurous Royal Navy
Hugo Pratt is one of the 20th Century best
illustrators. He was equally good in water colours
as in Indian ink.
Atmosphere is what characterises best Pratt's art.
The purpose of these pages is to show you some
significant pictures, beginning of course with his
most famous character...'
Painting the Weather.
'Painting the Weather draws together the most
striking weather-inspired works housed in collections
around the UK ...
The website features over 100 paintings by 80 artists
including Monet, Van Gogh and El Greco. There are
special in-depth commentaries on 14 key works and
routes into the show by theme, artist and where you
The Grocery List Collection.
'This is the world's largest online collection of
found grocery lists.
More than 1,000 have been posted here and we have a
lot more yet to be uploaded. And there is a book in
the works. We rule. '
"Monuments of the Future": Designs by El
'The Russian artist El Lissitzky (1890-1941) was one
of the great avant-garde figures of the early
twentieth century. The Getty Research Institute
holds a remarkable array of materials on Lissitzky,
including book and periodical designs, his complete
correspondence to his wife, Sophie Lissitzky-Küppers,
photographs of his exhibition designs, his two
personal address books, and additional manuscripts
related to his life and work. '
'The above scene was drawn to be an imaginary
celestial place that would be calm and peaceful,
and therefore titled Hideaway. '
'is a collection of found photographs. found at
fleamarkets, thriftshops, some are scooped up from
streets and alleyways, fallen from an overstuffed
bag or torn pocket. others turn up in a cabinet's
hidden compartment, found while wandering the rooms
of an abandoned house. now the photos exist by
themselves, lost in time. time tales does not want
to reveal their mysteries. time tales asks to be the
new home for lost photos, a resting place, for the
nameless and the lost.'
'This love poem of fifty stanzas was written by the
Kasmiri poet Bilhana Kavi in the 11th century. The
story runs that the Brahman Bilhana had a clandestine
love affair with Princess Yaminipurnatilaka, the
daughter of King Madanabhirama. He was discovered
and Bilhana wrote this poem in prison before he
learned whether he would be executed or banished.
The historic outcome is unknown, which adds to the
readers' suspense. '
'This is a short monograph on the Kabbalah, written
from a purely academic and somewhat critical point of
view. The literature about the Kabbalah in the public
domain in English is very limited. Most of the key
texts and scholarly studies are in Hebrew, German,
and other languages. So this well-crafted review of
the literature is a real find. '
'On May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah, a
boisterous crowd gathered to witness the completion
of one of the greatest engineering feats of the 19th
century: the building of the transcontinental
railroad. The electrifying moment -- the realization
of a dream first pursued by a farsighted and
determined engineer decades earlier -- marked the
culmination of six years of grueling work...'
Yerkes Observatory Virtual Museum.
'Welcome to the Yerkes Observatory Virtual Museum.
Yerkes Observatory, part of the Astronomy Department
of the University of Chicago, was dedicated to the
science of astronomy and astrophysics on October 21,
1897. To celebrate our centennial in 1997, we created
this online museum to tell the exciting story of the
building of the world's largest refracting telescope
and the people whose tireless energy created this
The First American West: The Ohio River Valley
'The collection documents the travels of the first
Europeans to enter the trans-Appalachian West, the
maps tracing their explorations, their relations with
Native Americans, and their theories about the
region's mounds and other ancient earthworks. '
A Jewish New Year's Card Sent from the
Lodz Ghetto in 1940.
'Pictured here is a Jewish New Year's Card sent from
the Lodz Ghetto in 1940. The message on the card
reads: "May you be inscribed for a good year."
In the Lodz Ghetto, there were Youth movements
ranging from Zionist groups (reflected in the
greeting card to the left) to the Bund and the
Communists with total membership in the thousands.
The youth movement activities helped these young
people forget, if only temporarily, the hunger and
hardships that surrounded them. '
Vietnam: Journeys of Body, Mind and Spirit.
'In Vietnam, some journeys take place on roads,
highways, railways, rivers and footpaths as family
members come home for the New Year, hunters travel
into the forest and city dwellers carry precariously
balanced goods on bicycles and motorbikes. Other
journeys are metaphorical: life is a journey marked
by significant rituals, and the year is a journey
mapped by a calendar. Souls travel to the netherworld,
while gods and ancestors return to the human world
during celebrations in their honor...'
More Jewish New Year cards - before, during and after
Gallery of Regrettable Food.
'This is a simple introduction to poorly photographed
foodstuffs and horrid recipes. It's a wonder anyone
in the 40s, 50s and 60s gained any weight; it's a
miracle that people didn't put down their issue of
Life magazine with a slight queasy list to their gut,
and decide to sup on a nice bowl of shredded wheat
and nothing else. It wasn't that the food was
inedible; it was merely dull...'
7000 Stars and the Milky Way.
'This panorama view of the sky is really a drawing.
It was made in the 1940s under the supervision of
astronomer Knut Lundmark at the Lund Observatory in
Sweden. To create the picture, draftsmen used a
mathematical distortion to map the entire sky onto
an oval shaped image with the plane of our Milky Way
Galaxy along the center and the north galactic pole
at the top. 7,000 individual stars are shown as white
dots, size indicating brightness. '
Realm of the Unreal: A Page about Henry Darger.
'Henry Darger died in 1973 in a Catholic mission
operated by the Little Sisters of the Poor. He was
buried in a paupers' cemetery. He had no family or
friends. The neighbors in his north Chicago apartment
building remembered him as an odd, unkempt man who
scavenged through garbage cans and talked to himself
in numerous voices. He attended mass every day, often
several times a day, but otherwise led a solitary
'Unknown to his neighbors and to everyone, Darger had
been creating and compiling a massive literary and
graphic body of work since 1909. If Darger's landlord,
photographer Nathan Lerner, had not sorted through the
collection of scavenged debris in Darger's apartment
after he moved to the mission, the writings and
paintings certainly would have been lost. '
The Great March, 1931.
'This is a collection of Post-Biblical Jewish
stories, written for 3rd to 4th graders. However,
this book is also thoroughly enjoyable for adults,
not the least because of the finely-drawn
illustrations. The anecdotes include sublime
Talmudic humor, tales of resistance to injustice
and persecution, and profound spiritual lessons.
It also includes many incidents of cooperation
between Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Written
in a time of looming peril for Jewish people,
this book is still meaningful to people of all
Heaven's Gate Documents.
'On March 22, 1997, almost the entire body of
adherents to Heaven's Gate committed near-simultaneous
suicide. They died in their mansion in a California
suburb outside of San Diego by voluntarily ingesting
large amounts of painkillers in applesauce. The last
two left suffocated themselves. Heaven's Gate left
behind 39 corpses and extensive documentation as to
their beliefs--that they were disembodied
extraterrestrials waiting for a mothership
to take them home and the planet Earth was about
to be 'recycled'...'
Tenderfoot Days, 1918.
'This is a memoir by a non-Mormon about his
experiences in the prospecting camps of Utah at
the turn of the 19th century. It was donated to
sacred-texts by the anonymous volunteer who goes
by the name of 'Some Dude'. This is a first-person
perspective by an outsider to the then newly minted
state of Utah, which gives both a sympathetic account
of the Mormons, while bringing up some darker aspects
about their history. '
The New Jersey Churchscape.
'We've created a database and photographic inventory
containing more than a thousand of the 18th & 19th
century churches in the state and add to it each
Asbury Park - Urban Exploration at the Jersey
'Founded in 1887, Asbury Park was once one of the
Northeast's most popular seaside resorts. In the
early 1900s, people who now vacation in the
Hamptons would have had their summer homes in
here. In the early to mid 1900s, Asbury Park was
resilient, rebuilding entire sections of the
beachfront after surviving devastating fires and
hurricanes. Today, this same beachfront has yet
to recover from a decline that began with race
riots in the summer of 1970. By the 80s and 90s,
Asbury Park was better known for corrupt
politicians and improper land deals than for
summer fun. Downtown, even the Asbury Park Press
The Grain Elevators: Buffalo's Lost Industry.
'They serve as a monument to a bygone era; monolithic
structures standing on water's edge waiting for lake
and canal freighters that will no longer come. Today
all except a few of these enormous buildings are
abandoned and no longer serve the industry for which
they were designed. As they stand in their decrepit
state they remain a mystery to those who view them.
Few venture close to investigate their design and
operation. At one time in Buffalo's history, the
grain elevators dominated the skyline of the
waterfront and served as a symbol of Buffalo's
industrial importance as the largest supplier
of grain in the world. '
A gateway to Peru.
'When I covered Peru as a journalist, I had to report
on a lot of bad news -- flawed democracy, political
violence, economic mismanagement, and other
catastrophes. But I also prided myself in finding
a positive angle for viewing what was happening in
Peru: soup kitchens, education, popular expression,
grassroots democracy, bootstrap capitalism, as well
as the unique realms of the Andes, Amazon and Pacific
Oceans and the contrasts between Lima and the
provinces. As I got a chance to travel more broadly
in the country, I discovered that its real worth
was in its people and their continuing struggle to
The Laws of Texas.
'H.P.N. Gammel's The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 has
long been one of the most important primary resources
for the study of Texas' complex history during the
Nineteenth Century. His monumental compilation charts
Texas from the time of colonization through to
statehood and reveals Texas' legal history during
crucial times in its development. The Laws consist
of documents not only covering each congressional
and legislative session but comprise other documents
of significance, including the constitutions, select
journals from the constitutional conventions, and
early colonization laws. '
Interactive Dig Waka'.
'Greetings from Waka', a Maya site in northern
Guatemala, where we'll be working for the next three
months. Our joint American-Guatemalan investigation,
the Proyecto Arqueológico Waka', will explore the
site's role in the struggle for domination between
the Maya superpowers Tikal, to the east, and Calakmul,
to the northeast...'
The Paul Laurence Dunbar Digital Collection.
'Paul Laurence Dunbar, born in Dayton, Ohio, on
June 27, 1872, was the first African-American poet and
novelist to attain international recognition. Dunbar
was known for his use of dialect, but was also an
accomplished poet and novelist in standard English. '
The Max Hunter Folk Song Collection.
'The Max Hunter Collection is an archive of almost
1600 Ozark Mountain folk songs, recorded between 1956
and 1976. A traveling salesman from Springfield,
Missouri, Hunter took his reel-to-reel tape recorder
into the hills and backwoods of the Ozarks, preserving
the heritage of the region by recording the songs and
stories of many generations of Ozark history. As
important as the songs themselves are the voices
of the Missouri and Arkansas folks who shared their
talents and recollections with Hunter. '
Parkitecture in Western National Parks.
'PARKitecture in Western National Parks celebrates
the concept of designing with nature through the
exhibition of black and white photographs and measured
drawings of representative structures and sites in ten
well-known parks. '
'Our aim is to provide you with all the information
you need to observe satellites such as the
International Space Station and the Space Shuttle,
spectacular events such as the dazzlingly bright
flares from Iridium satellites as well as a wealth
of other spaceflight and astronomical information. '
9/11/2001: A Remembrance.
'One of the few good things that came out of the 9/11
tragedy was a high-water mark for unity and religious
tolerance in the United States. At gatherings small
and large Christians, Jews, Muslims and others jointly
offered prayers for the dead and for world peace. In
many communities, people of all faiths stood vigil to
protect mosques. This outpouring of ecumenical support
far outweighed the few random attacks on Muslims. And
Muslims worldwide condemned the attacks as a
distortion of Islam. This is worth remembering in
light of subsequent events. '
'This page archives some key documents of the 9/11
attack, including the list of casualties, and the
report of the US government commission, which was
completed in 2004.'
Bisbee Deportation of 1917.
'The Bisbee Deportation of 1917 was an event
specific to Arizona that influenced the labor
movement throughout the United States. What started
as a labor dispute between copper mining companies
and their workers turned into vigilante action against
the allegedly nefarious activities of the Industrial
Workers of the World (I.W.W.). This site is a
research-based collection of primary and secondary
sources for the study of the deportation of over
1,000 striking miners from Bisbee on 12 July,
The Rochambeau Map Collection.
'The Rochambeau Map Collection contains cartographic
items used by Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte
de Rochambeau (1725-1807), when he was commander in
chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82)
during the American Revolution. '
Portraits of Eminent Citizens of Mysore State.
'King of Mysore Krishnaraja Wodeyar III (a.k.a
Mummadi Krishnaraj Wodeyar), during his prosperous
rule of the Mysore State during the 19th century,
commissioned a large project to document the portraits
of some of the most eminent citizens of his kingdom.
This included poets, athletes, musicians, scholars,
and accomplished artists. '
Los Angeles Mapped.
Historical maps of LA.
'These diverse works of craftsmanship, precision,
and imagination provide a guide to some of the most
remarkable stories of the city's history: its
discovery, its growth, and its industries, as seen
by explorers, engineers, artists, residents, and
Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives.
'Based on a traveling exhibit produced by the Gulag
Museum of Perm, Russia and the National Park Service
(NPS), the goal of this project is to educate Americans
about the history of the notorious forced labor camp
system and its impact on Russia and the world. Visit
the online exhibit to learn more.'
Victory in the Pacific.
'In this provocative, thorough examination of the
final months of the war, American Experience looks
at the escalation of bloodletting from the vantage
points of both the Japanese and the Americans. As
the film shows, most of the Emperor's inner circle
was determined to continue the war even after losses
in the Philippines in February 1945 cut off Japan's
supply lines. And though he was warned that his
country, brought to its knees by the conflict, might
erupt in a Communist revolution, Emperor Hirohito
believed that one last decisive battle could reverse
'By the late 1980s, Iowa farmers Russ and Mary Jane
Jordan had accumulated a large debt. Faced with
losing their farm, The Jordans came up with a
dramatic solution to hold onto their family farm
as massive foreclosures swept the nation...'
Dick Thornburgh Papers.
'Dick Thornburgh served as Governor of Pennsylvania,
Attorney General of the United States under two
presidents and the highest-ranking American at
the United Nations during a public career which
spanned over twenty-five years. '
'They tried to tell you it was bad for you, that
series fiction was uninspired and that it retarded
intellectual growth. But you didn't listen, you rebel,
you. You read on, one Sweet Valley High or Nancy Drew
after the other. And maybe, just maybe, you kept
reading. Long after the other kids had sold their
well thumbed copies at yard sales, you guiltily
checked out Sweet Valley University from the
First Person Narratives of the American South.
' "First-Person Narratives of the American South" is
a collection of diaries, autobiographies, memoirs,
travel accounts, and ex-slave narratives written by
Southerners. The majority of materials in this
collection are written by those Southerners whose
voices were less prominent in their time, including
African Americans, women, enlisted men, laborers,
and Native Americans.'
The Republic of Minerva.
A DIY 'micronation'.
'The Republic of Minerva was one of the few modern
attempts at creating a sovereign micronation on the
reclaimed land of an artificial island. The architect
was Las Vegas real estate millionaire and political
activist Michael Oliver, who went on to be involved
in other similar attempts in the following decade...'
The Church in the Southern Black Community.
'"The Church in the Southern Black Community" collects
autobiographies, biographies, church documents,
sermons, histories, encyclopedias, and other
published materials. These texts present a collected
history of the way Southern African Americans
experienced and transformed Protestant Christianity
into the central institution of community life. '
Yakshagana - The Celebration of the Celestials.
'Yakshagana (ya-ksha-gaa-na, roughly translated as
Celebration of the Celestials) is a complete theater
which includes song, dance and drama and, is extremely
popular in Malenadu, Uttara and Dakshina Kannada
districts of the Karnataka State ...'
World Treasures of the Library of Congress:
explores, from the viewpoint of more than fifty
cultures, accounts and depictions of the creation or
the beginning of the universe; explanations of the
earth and the heavens; fundamental or key myths and
stories on the founding of civilizations, societies,
and cities; and examples of early writing and
'Derelict London is an unusual photographic portrait
(of over 1000 pics) of the nations capital.'
'This is not a compilation of familiar tourist sights,
as another of those is hardly needed,
but a depiction of an (often un-picturesque) view
of everyday life in London'
'This site is obviously not taken to illustrate
London at its most beautiful or most successful...'
'This site explores the history, legends, lore
and workings of lighthouses along American
shorelines.' Photo galleries etc.
Southern Mosaic: The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern
States Recording Trip.
'The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States
Recording Trip is a multiformat ethnographic
field collection that includes nearly 700 sound
recordings, as well as fieldnotes, dust jackets,
and other manuscripts documenting a three-month,
6,502-mile trip through the southern United States
These recordings represent a broad
spectrum of traditional musical styles, including
ballads, blues, children's songs, cowboy songs,
fiddle tunes, field hollers, lullabies,
play-party songs, religious dramas, spirituals, and
work songs. '
Visual Culture and Health Posters.
'Public health has a long and distinguished visual
record. From seventeenth-century engravings to the
latest digital images, visual representations have
played a critical role in educating the public about
modern health crises. But what purposes do these
images serve beyond their immediate role in disease
prevention and health education? What do they tell
us about the history of health care, or attitudes
toward our bodies, or the world that we live in?'
Buckminster Fuller: Thinking Out Loud.
"Whenever I draw a circle, I immediately want to
step out of it."
'So said R. Buckminster Fuller, who, for the better
part of the 20th century, went where no man had gone
before as the maverick captain of the planet he
called "Spaceship Earth." An architect, designer,
engineer, poet, philosopher, author and global
iconoclast, Fuller was a true visionary, a Renaissance
man best remembered as creator of the geodesic
Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy.
'In 1984, a professor at Rutgers University stumbled
upon a trove of historic data in a courthouse in
Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Over the next
15 years, Dr. Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, a noted New
Orleans writer and historian, painstakingly uncovered
the background of 100,000 slaves who were brought
to Louisiana in the 18th and 19th centuries making
fortunes for their owners.'
'Poring through documents from all over Louisiana, as
well as archives in France, Spain and Texas, Dr. Hall
designed and created a database into which she
recorded and calculated the information she obtained
from these documents about African slave names,
genders, ages, occupations, illnesses, family
relationships, ethnicity, places of origin, prices
paid by slave owners, and slaves' testimony and
The Book of Were-Wolves, 1865.
'Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924) was a Vicar in the
Church of England in Devon, an archaeologist,
folklorist, historian and a prolific author.
Baring-Gould was also a bit eccentric. He reputedly
taught classes with a pet bat on his shoulder. He
is best known for writing the hymn 'Onward Christian
'This book is one of the most cited references about
werewolves. The Book of the Were-Wolf takes a
rationalistic approach to the subject. '
Tibetan Buddhism Archives.
'Here, in no particular order, are miscellaneous
articles about Tibetan Buddhism from various sources
on the Internet, mostly predating the World Wide Web.'
The Church in the Southern Black Community
'This compilation of printed texts from the libraries
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
traces how Southern African Americans experienced and
transformed Protestant Christianity into the central
institution of community life. Coverage begins with
white churches' conversion efforts, especially in
the post-Revolutionary period, and depicts the
tensions and contradictions between the egalitarian
potential of evangelical Christianity and the
realities of slavery. '
The Donald S. Fredrickson Papers.
'Donald Fredrickson (1924-2002) was an American
physiologist and biomedical research leader who
made significant contributions to medicine over
the course of four decades. Fredrickson's system
of classification of abnormalities in fat transport
was adopted by the World Health Organization as an
international standard for identifying increased risks
of coronary artery disease linked to the consumption
of fats and cholesterol. He also discovered two
genetic diseases caused by disorders in lipid
The Real History of the Rosicrucians, 1887.
'This is Arthur Edward Waite's study of the elusive
Rosicrucians, a secret society of which the first
public notice was in early 17th century Germany. Was
this an actual organization, or just a fantasy? No
actual Rosicrucians ever surfaced, but there was
plenty of documentation about them. The problem is
that these documents are, for the most part, obviously
Aino Folk-Tales, 1888.
'The Ainu are an ethnic minority in Japan, living
primarily on the northernmost Japanese island of
Hokkaido, although there were also small populations
of Ainu living on the island of Sakhalin and in the
Kuriles until the end of World War II, when the Soviet
Union took control of Sakhalin and the Ainu there fled.
Until the Meiji Restoration of 1868, when Japan took
formal possession of Hokkaido and began the systematic
integration of the Ainu into the Japanese nation,
the Ainu lived almost exclusively as hunter-gatherers
north of the always advancing frontier of Japanese
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London
'A fully searchable online edition of the
largest body of texts detailing the lives of
non-elite people ever published, containing
accounts of over 100,000 criminal trials held at
London's central criminal court.'
The World's Columbian Exhibition: Idea,
Experience, Aftermath. The Chicago World's
Fair of 1893.
'The World's Columbian Exposition, held in Chicago
in 1893, was the last and the greatest of the
nineteenth century's World's Fairs. Nominally
a celebration of Columbus' voyages 400 years prior,
the Exposition was in actuality a reflection and
celebration of American culture and society--for fun,
edification, and profit--and a blueprint for life
in modern and postmodern America...'
Coin and Conscience:
Popular Views of Money, Credit and Speculation.
Whether it was a humorous nineteenth century French
lithograph of a self satisfied speculator at the
Bourse or a stern sixteenth century Dutch allegory
on the vanity of riches, he considered it important
in documenting the subject. There are over one
thousand woodcuts, engravings, etchings, and
lithographs in the Bleichroeder Collection. It
has been divided into the following general
categories: views of stock exchanges, banks, mints,
and treasuries; portraits of bankers, statesmen, and
financiers; political and personal satires; national
finance and taxation; images of money lenders,
avarice, corruption, poverty, charity, and
anti-Semitism; and a large number of prints on
speculation and credit...'
The Man in the Panther's Skin.
'Georgia is a central Asian region which is situated
in the mountains between the Black and Caspian seas.
This, the 'Man in the Panther Skin' (also known as
'the Knight in the Panther Skin') is a 12th century
medieval epic poem. It is considered one of the
masterpieces of Georgian literature, and has been
called the Georgian national epic. The author,
Prince Shota Rustaveli, was a noble in the court
of Queen Tamar, and served as her treasurer. He was
also a painter who created frescoes in the Georgian
monastery of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem. '
Calvin Photographic Collection.
'During the mid-1800's photography became a popular
hobby and natural tool for scientists. Samuel Calvin,
Professor of Natural Sciences at the University of
Iowa (1873-1911) and State Geologist, took more than
5,000 glass plate negatives, which he used to
illustrate specific geological features for class
instruction, public lectures, and publications. The
photographic techniques are of high quality, and
the images are as aesthetically pleasing as they
are geologically informative. '
'In addition to geological landscapes and features,
Calvin documented mines, quarries, mills, and other
buildings. The collection also contains portraits
of his family, colleagues, and classes in the field.
While Calvin may have taken most photographs to
exhibit geological features, the images are
beautifully composed. Calvin did the developing
himself, producing rich blacks and a full range
of grays. The light, shadows, and reflections are
wonderful. The abstract photographs of rock facades
and specimen details are fascinating. Calvin was
well aware of the drama of the landscape and, in
the fashion of the late1800's, tried to capture