Railways around Amersham & the
The London Underground,
and London's northwestern suburbs and beyond.
'The name "Metro-land" was created in 1915 by the
publicity department of the Metropolitan Railway.
"Metro-Land" became the name of the annual
publication of the railway's booklet which
described the area the railways served through
north west London, into Middlesex, Hertfordshire
and Buckinghamshire. The Railway set up a
separate company to develop housing and shops
along the Metropolitan's line. Much of the
area was extensively developed between the
World Wars and created a distinctive
'Johannes (Jan) Kip and Leonard Knyff were
both expatriate dutch artists who settled in
Britain towards the end of the 17th century.
They collaborated to produce one of the
preeminent historical works on British
topography, landscaping and architecture with
the release in 1707 of 'Britannia Illustrata:
Or Views of Several of the Queens Palaces, as
Also of the Principal seats of the Nobility
and Gentry of Great Britain, Curiously Engraven
on 80 Copper Plates'...'
'These images come form an egyptian manuscript
from the 14th/15th centuries. It reproduces a
persian astrological treatise from ~9th century -
'Kitâb al-Mawalid' - by Abû Ma'shar, said to have
been the most influential document in the
development of western astrology...'
The Mongolian Legend of Molon Toyin.
A 19th century Mongolian manuscript.
'From the paucity of information around online about
Yeke riti qubil?an tu molon toyin-u eke-yin aci-yi
qari?ulu?san tu?uji bölüge ('Tale how the very
miraculous Bodhisattva Molon toyin repaid to his
mother good actions') it seems Molon Toyin was
one of Buddha's 10 known disciples.'
'The classic Molon Toyin (Maudgalyayana) legend
has the pious monk making a descent into the
underworld to rescue his mother. During his
journey he encounters 8 hot and 8 cold versions
of hell in which the damned are seen suffering
Fabric of Their Lives.
The quilters of Gee's Bend, Alabama.
'Annie Mae Young is looking at a photograph of a
quilt she pieced together out of strips torn from
well-worn cotton shirts and polyester pants. "I
was doing this quilt at the time of the civil
rights movement," she says, contemplating its
jazzy, free-form squares...'
'... Six of Young's quilts, together with 64
by other Gee's Bend residents, have been traveling
around the United States in an exhibition that has
transformed the way many people think about art.
Gee's Bend's "eye-poppingly gorgeous" quilts,
wrote New York Times art critic Michael Kimmelman,
"turn out to be some of the most miraculous works
of modern art America has produced...." '
The Diaries of Franz Kafka 1910-1923.
The great writer's diaries are being put online -
day by day, in German and English -
in weblog form.
'Diaries in the public domain seem natural
candidates for the weblog format. While the
Kafka Project has already made the critical
edition of Kafka's diaries available online,
this site aims to supplement that work by
providing a public-domain translation in
English and a space for discussion (in the
event of a talkative readership). '
Sub-Urban: UK Urban Exploration.
'Sub-Urban documents our Urban Exploration exploits
across the UK. Our primary interest is and always
will be drains and
draining, which we have interspersed with
exploration of derelict and
abandoned buildings from exuberant victorian
mansions to colossal power
The Internet Rainbow.
visitor gets a personal color and becomes part of
the internet rainbow.
There are currently 136120 rays of light.'
Entertaining writing about the art and
social phenomenon of ... knitting.
'I started this site in 2001, when myself and
friends started to get reacquainted with the
Fine Art of Knitting. One thing rather quickly
led to another and before long, Chic Knits became
a collection of many resources for the growing
number of new millennium knitters.'
Hargrett Library Rare Map Collection.
Historic American maps.
'Here the researcher will find an America drawn
by cartographers who imagined the New World
based upon the earliest explorations of the
Eastern coastline, as well as the geographically
maturing images of mapmakers whose creations
reflect an increasing European expedition into
the American continent. A colonial presence
manifested itself in forts, then settlements,
and then as a nation conceived of thirteen
Fifty Fantasy and Science Fiction Works That
Socialists Should Read.
Changing the world, one book at a time.
List composed by
China Mieville, who is both a science fiction
writer and a socialist. In fact, it's a good
list for anyone who's interested in big ideas and
good writing, and includes works such as Bulgakov's
satirical fantasy 'The Master and Margarita',
Ursula Le Guin's 'The Dispossessed' (about an
anarchist society and how it might work), William
Morris' 'News from Nowhere' (a 19th century vision
of utopia), etc.
Articles on Japanese Mythology & Folklore.
'The first gods summoned two divine beings into
existence, the male Izanagi and the female Izanami,
and charged them with creating the first land. To
help them do this, Izanagi and Izanami were given
a halberd decorated with jewels, named Amanonuhoko
(Heavenly Halberd of the Marsh). The two
deities then went to the bridge between heaven
and earth, Amenoukihashi (Floating Bridge of
Heaven) and churned the sea below with the
halberd. When drops of salty water fell from
the halberd, they formed into the island Onogoro
(self-forming). They descended from the bridge
of heaven and made their home on the island...'
88 Temples of Shikoku.
Pilgrimage to the smallest of Japan's four main
'Shikoku is an island of legend. Oh, it really
exists. But as a friend told me, it seems imbued
with mystery. Every tree, every stone, seems to
have a legend attached. Many of these center on
Shikoku's most famous son, the monk Kukai who
later became known as Kobo Daishi, or
"Great Teacher/Saint Who Spreads Widely the Buddha's
Cassell's 'Old and New Edinburgh'.
'Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh by James Grant was
printed as a periodical in the
1880s and is now seen as a set of three or six volumes, and describes its history, its people,
and its places by using anecdotal historical text with endless
illustrations. These volumes
were a gift from my uncle, Bill Smith. As someone who has
lived in Edinburgh for more
than 50 years, the illustrations still thrill and excite me no matter
how often I look at them.
For this reason I wanted to put them online in such a format that
Edinburgh school children
and students might easily download the images or text whilst researching
architecture, society of Edinburgh's Old or New Towns.'
Set of 360 degree photographic panoramas, projected
to look like small planets. Photography and optical
Mandela Way T-34 Tank.
'On a small piece of scrubland on the corner
of Mandela Way and Pages Walk in Bermondsey,
London, there lies a non-functional Soviet
T-34 battle tank.'
Which was once painted pink!
How to deal with an unwelcome guest? A good insight :-
ask culture vs. guess culture.
'In some families, you grow up with the expectation that it's OK to ask
for anything at all, but you gotta realize you might get no for an
answer. This is Ask Culture.' 'In Guess Culture, you avoid putting a
request into words unless you're pretty sure the answer will be yes.
Guess Culture depends on a tight net of shared expectations. A key skill
is putting out delicate feelers...'
Illustrator and comics artist.
'Chris Ware, one of many artists whose work has
appeared in Raw magazine, has drawn for many
publications, including New City and the New
York Times. He was inspired by Joost Swarte
and other European "clear line" artists as
well as the classical American newspaper comics.
But Ware also has a lot of his own ideas. He is
particularily famous for his 'Miniature Workings',
do-it-yourself kits integrated in his comics,
like his 'The Acme Novelty Library', in which
the reader has to assemble a bookshelf and the
books to put in it. Many fans are now addicted
to these stylish kits. Chris Ware is a master
of composition and color and held to be one of
the bright hopes of the American comic.'
Tracked in America.
Stories from the history of US government
'Tracked in America introduces the stories
of 25 individuals who have been targeted by the
U.S. government. The stories span from World War
I to the post-9/11 world. Six eminent historians
provide historical perspective and context to the
time periods in which these individuals were under
surveillance. Together, the profiles convey the
courage of these individuals and reveal a dangerous
pattern of government surveillance.'
Or, writing that looks like animals.
Depictions of living things were forbidden in much of
the Islamic world for much of its history; calligraphy
that looks like the creature it is meant to describe
was an acceptable method of visual portrayal.
The Cherry Blossom Book.
'Japanese album of coloured woodblock prints from
1921 that depicts 112
varieties of the Cherry Blossom tree.'
The Concept of Mammals.
18th century zoological illustrations,
'German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel
von Schreber (1739-1810) trained as a physician
and went and studied botany in Sweden under the
great Carolus Linneaus. He would eventually edit
one of Linneaus's publications and he also included
the Linnean binomial species naming system for
the first time for some of the animals depicted
Rare Medical Images.
'This exhibit displays hundreds of images from
medical and natural history texts, most of which
were printed before 1800. They are organized by
theme: diagnostics, human body, imaging, instruments,
physician-patient culture, portraits, public health,
reproduction, reproduction instruments, therapeutics.
The Clendening Library encourages educational use
of the images at no charge. '
The Alfred Russel Wallace Collection.
'Alfred Russel Wallace co-discovered the theory
of evolution by natural selection. The Wallace
Collection brings together a remarkable selection
of digitised letters, notes, articles and even insect
specimens collected by Wallace himself.'
The Pan-American Highway: A Photographic
'The Pan American Highway system connects
North and South America, from Alaska to
'In Latin America, a 10,000-mile portion of the
highway stretches from the U.S. / Mexican border
to the southern tip of Patagonia.'
'Hit the road with Aurora Photographer Melissa
Farlow as she travels through Mexico, Peru and
Chile along the Pan Am Highway.'
'It is often said that India is a nation of
villages. While the urban population has
dramatically increased over the last couple of
decades, the rural economy and life is central
to India's existence and identity. This section
at Kamat's Potpourri is an attempt to provide
graphic insights into the lifestyle and social
infrastructure of rural India. The photographs
were taken over a fifty year period, and many
of the means or tools may no longer be available
or practiced. However, we feel they are of
historical importance, and wish to document
the rural life in India during the twentieth
The Ruins of Fordlandia.
'In the early 20th century, a cartel of Dutch
and English rubber barons had a stranglehold on
the vast majority of the world's supply of rubber.
At that time the sole source of rubber was the
South American tree Hevea brasiliensis, whose
sap is natural latex. In the 1870s a gaggle of
entrepreneurial smugglers had secreted a stash
of wild rubber tree seeds out of the Amazon rain
forest, which they used to establish sprawling
plantations in East Asia. These smothered the
output of Brazil, causing their owners to
eventually enjoy the majority of the world's
'But by the late 1920s, the infamous automobile
tycoon Henry Ford set out to break the back of
this rubbery monopoly. His hundreds of thousands
of new cars needed millions of tires, which were
very expensive to produce when buying raw materials
from the established rubber lords. To that end, he
established Fordlândia, a tiny piece of America
which was transplanted into the Amazon rain
forest for a single purpose: to create the
largest rubber plantation on the planet. Though
enormously ambitious, the project was ultimately
a fantastic failure...'
Peruvian Folk Art: Retablos by the Jimenez Family
'The term retablo traditionally applies to a broad
variety of religious images which are painted and
sculpted over much of Latin America. The word is
derived from the Latin retro tabula, which means
behind the (altar) table, where devotional images
were typically placed...'
Sleeping with Cannibals.
'For days I've been slogging through a rain-soaked
jungle in Indonesian New Guinea, on a quest to visit
members of the Korowai tribe, among the last people
on earth to practice cannibalism. Soon after first
light this morning I boarded a pirogue, a canoe
hacked out of a tree trunk, for the last stage
of the journey, along the twisting Ndeiram Kabur
River. Now the four paddlers bend their backs with
vigor, knowing we will soon make camp for the
The Doctor Who Scarf.
'When Tom Baker was cast as the Doctor, costume
designer James Acheson picked up a load of wool
and asked a knitter called Begonia Pope to knit
a scarf for Tom. She inadvertently used all the
wool Acheson had given her, resulting in a scarf
that was some twenty feet long. This unusual scarf
was well received by the cast and crew and after
being shortened slightly, it was worn by Baker
beginning on "Robot." The pattern for this scarf is
The Japanese Calendar.
'... traces the history of the Japanese
calendar based on the National Diet Library's
calendar collection, with special focus on the
Daisho-reki calendar consisting of months, some
with 30 days, others with 29, which was used in
the Edo period (1603 to 1867). It also includes
notes on how to better appreciate it.'
Share the Perspective of Genius: Leonardo's Study
for the Adoration of the Magi.
'In 1481 the monks of San Donato a Scopeto
near Florence commissioned Leonardo da Vinci
to paint an altar-piece celebrating the Adoration
of the Magi. In one of the preparatory drawings,
Leonardo drew with meticulous accuracy a refined
perspective grid in order to place the architectural
structures, the human figures, and the animals in
a realistically proportioned way...'
Rugs of War.
'War rugs' of Afghanistan.
'The traditional knotted rugs made by the
semi-nomadic Baluch people of northern Afghanistan
are famous for their distinctive designs, their
rich yet subdued palette and the quality of their
construction and materials, which feature
traditional patterns and motifs.'
'The "war rug"
is an evolution of these Baluch rugs through
the inclusion of militaria and other references
to the experience of war and conflict in the
region. These significant changes became apparent
almost immediately after the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan in 1979, when rug-makers began
incorporating complex imagery of war planes,
helicopters, machine guns, maps and texts into
Plains Indian Ledger Art.
Native American art in ... accounting
'Beginning in the early 1860s, Plains Indian
men adapted their representational style of
painting to paper in the form of accountants
ledger books. Traditional paints and bone and
stick brushes used to paint on hide gave way to
new implements such as colored pencils, crayon,
and occasionally water color paints. Plains
artists acquired paper and new drawing materials
in trade, or as booty after a military engagement,
or from a raid...'
In Pictures: The Malakand Siege of 1897.
'A collection of pictures from the late 19th
century showing Britain's campaign against Pashtun
tribesmen in what is now Pakistani NWFP has for the
first time been publicly released. '
Wisconsin Historical Images: Tall-Tale
'Photographer Alfred Stanley Johnson, Jr.
specialized in the tall-tale postcard, extolling
Wisconsin's agricultural abundance through images
of oversized produce and animals. Staging his friends
and family to pantomime story lines, Johnson added
enlarged fruits, vegetables and animals to fit the
background and included titles that attributed
bountiful crops to local communities. Johnson's
tall-tale postcards affirmed the American myth
of abundance -
a myth often at odds with reality. '
History of the Button.
'Tracing the history of interaction design
through the history of the button, from flashlights
to websites and beyond.'
A Knight's tour.
Imagine a knight in the centre
square of a 5 x 5 chessboard, or a 5 x 5 area
of an 8 x 8 chessboard if you prefer.
Is it possible for the knight to visit each square in the 5 x 5
area once and only once, only using the legal moves of a knight in
Panama Railroad Liners Brochure.
'We hope to bring a memory or two back to our
Canal Zone compadres of those wonderful vacation
trips on the PRR liners - the SS Cristobal, SS
Ancon and SS Panama. '
Jim Woodring Virtual Exhibition.
'Jim Woodring, the son of a toxicologist and an
inventor, was born in 1952 in Los Angeles. After
a childhood made interesting by hallucinations,
paranoia and other torments, he visited a Surrealism
retrospective in the Los Angeles County Art Museum
in 1968, which opened his eyes to the possibilities
of making art from otherworldly experiences.
Woodring's post-high school years were lived out
against a background of drugs, alcohol, underground
comix, literature and 17th-century Dutch painting. '
150 Years of Advertising in the Netherlands.
'In the Netherlands, the history of modern
mass advertising dates from around 1850. But
advertising did not really get off the ground
until 1869, when the stamp duty on newspapers
and magazines was abolished. From then on, more
and more posters and hoardings, advertising such
products as Sunlight soap, Van Houten chocolate,
Singer sewing machines, Philips light bulbs, Verkade
biscuits and Delft salad oil, were to be seen on the
streets in ever-growing numbers. Most of these brands
still exist and have an advertising history going
back over 100 years. Their names keep recurring in
this collection, together with almost 1,000 other
'Our goal is to make sure corporateness is
woven into the fabric of our company - into
all our processes, into day-to-day business
practices, creating a mindset within every
employee and manager that will allow them to
consciously think about corporate massiveness
in everything that they do. '
The September 11th Sourcebooks.
The Archive's mission is to put on the record the
primary source documentation that can enrich the
policy debate, improve journalism, educate
policymakers, and ensure that we don't reinvent
the wheel or repeat the mistakes of the past...'
Documents from the Continental Congress
and the Constitutional Convention
'The Continental Congress Broadside Collection
(256 titles) and the Constitutional Convention
Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 277
documents relating to the work of Congress and
the drafting and ratification of the Constitution.
Items include extracts of the journals of Congress,
resolutions, proclamations, committee reports,
treaties, and early printed versions of the United
States Constitution and the Declaration of
Devil Worship in France.
'In spite of the sensational title, this book
is actually a debunking of a notorious late 19th
century hoax. Leo Taxil, a French anti-clericalist,
suddenly converted to Catholicism in the 1885 and
wrote a number of books in which he claimed that
Freemasonry was a world-wide satanic conspiracy.
Taxil started an anti-Masonic newspaper. In
1887 Taxil even had an audience with Pope Leo
XIII, who subsequently sanctioned his anti-Masonic
'Waite systematically debunks Taxil in this book,
citing factual inaccuracies, plagarism, and sheer
absurdities. Waite is in top form here, witty,
sarcastic, and utilizing extensive firsthand
knowledge of Victorian mystical and masonic
groups to demolish Taxil.'
'Postcards were created to be boring. Postcards
are meant to communicate the impossible message:
"It's great fun here! Please envy us!" '
'This group is an atttempt to collect boring
Apollo Lunar Surface Journal.
'The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a
record of the lunar surface operations
conducted by the six pairs of astronauts
who landed on the Moon from 1969 through
1972. The Journal is intended as a
resource for anyone wanting to know
what happened during the missions and
'As the Apollo 8 command module rounded the
farside of the Moon, the crew could look toward
the lunar horizon and see the Earth appear to rise,
due to their spacecraft's orbital motion. The
famous picture that resulted, of a distant blue
Earth above the Moon's limb, was a marvelous gift
to the world. '
America during the Depression.
'The black-and-white photographs of the Farm
Security Administration-Office of War Information
Collection are a landmark in the history of
documentary photography. The images show Americans
at home, at work, and at play, with an emphasis
on rural and small-town life and the adverse
effects of the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl,
and increasing farm mechanization. Some of the
most famous images portray people who were displaced
from farms and migrated West or to industrial
cities in search of work. In its latter years,
the project documented America's mobilization
for World War II. '
The Mongols in World History.
Genghis Khan, maybe somewhat misunderstood.
Nice collection of articles and Mongol art.
'Most Westerners accept the stereotype of the
13th-century Mongols as barbaric plunderers
intent merely to maim, slaughter, and destroy.
This perception, based on Persian, Chinese,
Russian, and other accounts of the speed and
ruthlessness with which the Mongols carved out
the largest contiguous land empire in world
history, has shaped both Asian and Western
images of the Mongols and of their earliest
leader, Chinggis Khan.'
'Such a view has diverted attention from the
considerable contributions the Mongols made to
13th- and 14th-century civilization. Though the
brutality of the Mongols' military campaigns
ought not to be downplayed or ignored, neither
should their influence on Eurasian culture be
Marxist Children's Literature.
Texts and illustrations.
'...Oh Flies, if you wanted to, if you really wanted
to, you could be invincible! True, the Spiders are
still strong today, but they are few. Even if you
Flies are quite insignificant and without influence,
your numbers are legion, you are life itself, you
are the world-if
you really wanted to. If you only united, you would
at one blow of your wings tear apart all the threads,
sweep away all the cobwebs that ensnare you today,
that make you writhe and die of starvation. You
could banish poverty and slavery-if you really
- From Wilhelm Liebknecht, 'The Spider and the Fly'.
'A contestant on a gameshow is given the choice of three doors.
Behind one door is a speedboat; behind the others, dusty bins.
The contests picks a door.
The host, who knows what's behind the doors, opens another door,
which has a dusty bin.
He then says to the contestant, "Do you want to pick the third door or stick with your
Is it to the contestant's advantage to switch doors?'
Evidence from Scripture and History of the
Second Coming of Christ.
'This is a collection of lectures by William
Miller (1782-1849), a 19th century preacher who
managed to convince himself and thousands of
others that Jesus would return in 1844...'
As the deadline approached, his followers
grew into a huge movement. The calculations
were refined by his disciples, and October
22, 1844 was determined to be the day. As that
date approached, Millerites sold their homes and
business, and flocked to the hills to await the
last judgement. Of course, nothing out of the
ordinary occurred, and most of Miller's followers
melted away as quickly as they had joined. This
became known as 'the Great Disappointment.' '
"I Do Solemnly Swear..."
American presidential inaugurations.
'In this special presentation are more than
forty items including photographs, manuscripts,
campaign posters, letters, broadsides, and inaugural
speeches. This unique selection of items offers a
glimpse into the history of American presidential
inaugurations. Eighteen presidents are featured
in the display--George Washington, Thomas Jefferson,
Andrew Jackson, William Harrison, James K. Polk,
Zachary Taylor, James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln,
Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A.
Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley,
Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Calvin Coolidge,
Franklin D. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. '
An Iron Age-style roundhouse in Wales.
'This is an ecohome of wood frame, cobwood
and recycled window walls, straw-insulated
turf roof, with solar power for electricity,
compost toilet and reed beds for grey water.
We designed and built it over the winter
1997/8, and it was turned down for planning
permission several times. After several court
appearances, we decided to demolish it over
Easter 2004, but changed our minds after
demonstrations of huge public support in
Hokusai's Illustrations to
100 Poems by 100 Poets.
'Katsushika Hokusai illustrated 89 of the 100 poems.
The very short poems (tanka) were mostly written by
noble members (Emperors, princesses) and high
functionaries at the Imperial courts between
800 and 1200 AC. 20 poems were written by women...'
Portraits of Eminent Indians.
'Mass reproductions of grayscale photographs
was an expensive proposition for publishers of
periodicals, newspapers in the early part of 20th
century and this gave rise to the art forms of
cartoons, and pen and ink portraits, which could
be reproduced just in black and white without the
shades of gray.'
'Indian publishers during the 1950s and 1960s
called upon artist V.N.O'key, more than anyone
else, to provide these portraits for their
publications. An excellent photographer and a
fine artist, O'key was very well versed in art
form of pen and ink portraits, as one can see from
Kwanzaa Celebration Postage Stamp.
'Kwanzaa is a non-religious African
American holiday that takes place over seven
days, from December 26 to January 1. It draws
on African traditions and takes its name from
the Swahili phrase for "first fruits." ...'